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Government Stats: compare key data on Bangladesh & Pakistan

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Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • Government corruption rating: Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests."
  • Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days: Time required to start a business (days). Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Country name > Conventional short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Constitutional form: Constitutional form of government.
  • Transnational Issues > Disputes > International: This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another. Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. References to other situations involving borders or frontiers may also be included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist issues; however, inclusion does not necessarily constitute official acceptance or recognition by the US Government.
  • National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not.
  • Democracy > CPIA gender equality rating: Gender equality assesses the extent to which the country has installed institutions and programs to enforce laws and policies that promote equal access for men and women in education, health, the economy, and protection under law.
  • Legislative branch > Election results: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Legislative branch > Elections: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Democracy and rights > Press freedom index: Compares countries by their degree of government censorship, according to the Press freedom index. This index, created by the non-governmental organization Reporters without borders (RWS), is ellaborated using data from an extensive annual survey sent to professional reporters throughout the world. The survey contains questions about the type and ownership of media present in the country, freedom of speech, violence exerted against reporters, election campaigns, access of political parties to the media, etc.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women > Percentage: Percentage of seats held by women in country's national parliament or legislative houses.
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • Executive branch > Election results: Election results includes the percent of vote for each candidate in the last election (if any)
  • Judicial branch > Subordinate courts: This entry is derived from Government > Judicial branch, which includes three subfields. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing judges, and a brief description of the process. The selection process can be indicative of the independence of a country's court system from other branches of its government. Also included in this subfield are judges' tenures, which can range from a few years, to a specified retirement age, to lifelong appointments. The subordinate courts subfield lists the courts lower in the hierarchy of a country's court system. A few countries with federal-style governments, such as Brazil, Canada, and the US, in addition to their federal court, have separate state- or province-level court systems, though generally the two systems interact.
  • Basis of executive legitimacy: Basis of executive legitimacy.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transnational Issues > Illicit drugs: This entry gives information on the five categories of illicit drugs - narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, and cannabis. These categories include many drugs legally produced and prescribed by doctors as well as those illegally produced and sold outside of medical channels.
    Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) is the common hemp plant, which provides hallucinogens with some sedative properties, and includes marijuana (pot, Acapulco gold, grass, reefer), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, Marinol), hashish (hash), and hashish oil (hash oil).
    Coca (mostly Erythroxylum coca) is a bush with leaves that contain the stimulant used to make cocaine. Coca is not to be confused with cocoa, which comes from cacao seeds and is used in making chocolate, cocoa, and cocoa butter.
    Cocaine is a stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca bush.
    Depressants (sedatives) are drugs that reduce tension and anxiety and include chloral hydrate, barbiturates (Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, phenobarbital), benzodiazepines (Librium, Valium), methaqualone (Quaalude), glutethimide (Doriden), and others (Equanil, Placidyl, Valmid).
    Drugs are any chemical substances that effect a physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in an individual.
    Drug abuse is the use of any licit or illicit chemical substance that results in physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral impairment in an individual.
    Hallucinogens are drugs that affect sensation, thinking, self-awareness, and emotion. Hallucinogens include LSD (acid, microdot), mescaline and peyote (mexc, buttons, cactus), amphetamine variants (PMA, STP, DOB), phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust, hog), phencyclidine analogues (PCE, PCPy, TCP), and others (psilocybin, psilocyn).
    Hashish is the resinous exudate of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
    Heroin is a semisynthetic derivative of morphine.
    Mandrax is a trade name for methaqualone, a pharmaceutical depressant.
    Marijuana is the dried leaf of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
    Methaqualone is a pharmaceutical depressant, referred to as mandrax in Southwest Asia and Africa.
    Narcotics are drugs that relieve pain, often induce sleep, and refer to opium, opium derivatives, and synthetic substitutes. Natural narcotics include opium (paregoric, parepectolin), morphine (MS-Contin, Roxanol), codeine (Tylenol with codeine, Empirin with codeine, Robitussin AC), and thebaine. Semisynthetic narcotics ...
    Full definition
  • Country name > Local short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Democracy and rights > Freedom of the press: Compares countries by freedom of the press. The lower the score, the more free the press of that country is. The scores are taken from the Freedom of the Press Index, elaborated by Freedom House, self-defined as "an independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom around the world". The data used in the index come from an annual survey of media independence in 197 countries and territories, assessing the degree of print, broadcast, and internet freedom in each of them.
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament: Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber occupied by women.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number: Start-up procedures to register a business (number). Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production.
  • Democracy > Civil and political liberties: Civil and political liberties
    Units: Index Ranging from 7 (High Levels of Liberties) to 1 (Low
    Units: This is the average of two indicators - civil liberties and political liberties.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • National holiday: The primary national day of celebration - often independence day.
  • Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs per thousand people: This entry is derived from Government > Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons, which includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). Each country's refugee entry includes only countries of origin that are the source of refugee populations of 5,000 or more. The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
    Additional details:
    • Algeria: undetermined (civil war during 1990s) (2012)
    • Bangladesh: undetermined (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2012)
    • Burma: more than 454,200 (government offensives against armed ethnic minority groups near its borders with China and Thailand) (2012)
    • Guatemala: undetermined (the UN does not estimate there are any IDPs, although some NGOs estimate over 200,000 IDPs as a result of over three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996) (2007)
    • Guatemala: undetermined (more than three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996 displaced mainly the indigenous Maya population and rural peasants; ongoing drug cartel and gang violence) (2011)
    • India: at least 600,000 (about half are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2007)
    • India: at least 540,000 (about 250,000 are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2012)
    • Kenya: at least 300,000 (2007-08 post-election ...
      Full definition. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Capital > Geographic coordinates: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Democracy > First female parliamentarian: Year first woman elected or appointed to parliament.
  • Time required to start a business > Days: Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs: This entry is derived from Government > Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons, which includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). Each country's refugee entry includes only countries of origin that are the source of refugee populations of 5,000 or more. The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
    Additional details:
    • Algeria: undetermined (civil war during 1990s) (2012)
    • Bangladesh: undetermined (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2012)
    • Burma: more than 454,200 (government offensives against armed ethnic minority groups near its borders with China and Thailand) (2012)
    • Guatemala: undetermined (the UN does not estimate there are any IDPs, although some NGOs estimate over 200,000 IDPs as a result of over three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996) (2007)
    • Guatemala: undetermined (more than three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996 displaced mainly the indigenous Maya population and rural peasants; ongoing drug cartel and gang violence) (2011)
    • India: at least 600,000 (about half are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2007)
    • India: at least 540,000 (about 250,000 are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2012)
    • Kenya: at least 300,000 (2007-08 post-election ...
      Full definition
  • Leaders > President: Government > Leaders > President
  • Judicial branch > Judge selection and term of office: This entry is derived from Government > Judicial branch, which includes three subfields. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing judges, and a brief description of the process. The selection process can be indicative of the independence of a country's court system from other branches of its government. Also included in this subfield are judges' tenures, which can range from a few years, to a specified retirement age, to lifelong appointments. The subordinate courts subfield lists the courts lower in the hierarchy of a country's court system. A few countries with federal-style governments, such as Brazil, Canada, and the US, in addition to their federal court, have separate state- or province-level court systems, though generally the two systems interact.
  • Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient: Burden of customs procedure, WEF (1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient). Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient.
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006: The Status Index’s overall result represents the mean value of the scores for the dimensions “Political Transformationâ€? and “Economic Transformationâ€?. The mean value was calculated using the exact, unrounded values for both these dimensions, which, in turn, were derived from the ratings for the five political criteria (based on 18 indicators) and the seven economic criteria (based on 14 indicators). The table shows rounded scores for political and economic transformation as well as for the Status Index’s overall result. In some cases, therefore, the overall result differs slightly from the mean value.
  • Red tape > Time required to register property > Days: Time required to register property (days). Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property.
  • International law organization participation: This entry includes information on a country's acceptance of jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and of the International Criminal Court (ICCt); 55 countries have accepted ICJ jurisdiction with reservations and 11 have accepted ICJ jurisdiction without reservations; 114 countries have accepted ICCt jurisdiction. Appendix B: International Organizations and Groups explains the differing mandates of the ICJ and ICCt.
  • Parliament > Seats held by men: Number of seats held by men in country's naitonal parliament or legislative houses.
  • Country name > Local long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Red tape > Time to resolve insolvency > Years: Time to resolve insolvency (years). Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from the filing for insolvency in court until the resolution of distressed assets.
  • Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million: Start-up procedures to register a business (number). Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women: Number of seats held by women in country's parliament or legislative houses.
  • Leaders > President > Summary: Government > Leaders > President > Summary
  • Foreign relations > Date of recognition of Israel: Date on which Israel was officially recognized as a state. Note that some countries had a “de facto” recognition in place long before the legal recognition.
  • Democracy > Democratic institutions rating: Democratic institutions
    Units: Scale ranging from -10 (autocratic) to +10 (democratic)
  • Executive branch > Note: This entry includes several subfields. Chief of state includes the name and title of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government. Cabinet includes the official name for this body of high-ranking advisers and the method for selection of members. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote for each candidate in the last election.
  • Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number: Procedures to build a warehouse (number). Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers.
  • Capital city: The location of the seat of government.
  • Capital > Name: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Legal origin: Legal origin identifies the origin of the Company Law or Commercial Code in each country
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Spending > Expense > Current LCU: Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends."
  • Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days: Time required to get electricity (days). Time required to get electricity is the number of days to obtain a permanent electricity connection. The measure captures the median duration that the electricity utility and experts indicate is necessary in practice, rather than required by law, to complete a procedure.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout: The proportion of registered voters who actually voted.
  • Legislature (parliament) > People per member: Number of people each member of the legislature represents on average. The number of members of the legislature is the sum of the members of all chambers of parliament, if applicable.
  • Democracy and rights > Year women first voted at national level: Year women first voted at national level.
  • Capital > Time difference: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days per million: Time required to get electricity (days). Time required to get electricity is the number of days to obtain a permanent electricity connection. The measure captures the median duration that the electricity utility and experts indicate is necessary in practice, rather than required by law, to complete a procedure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Legislature (parliament) > Lower house members: Members of the lower house of the legislature or of the only chamber in a unicameral system.
  • Leaders > Head of state > Term limit for head of state: Head(s) of state.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Foreign relations > Recognition of Israel notes: Notes and remarks about the date on which Israel was officially recognized as a state.
  • CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high: Quality of budgetary and financial management assesses the extent to which there is a comprehensive and credible budget linked to policy priorities, effective financial management systems, and timely and accurate accounting and fiscal reporting, including timely and audited public accounts."
  • Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days: Time required to enforce a contract (days). Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment.
  • Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number: Procedures to register property (number). Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Leaders > President > Profile: Government > Leaders > President > Profile
  • Role of head of state: Head of state.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong: Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit."
  • Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient per million: Burden of customs procedure, WEF (1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient). Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Spending > Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees."
  • Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > Current LCU: Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organisations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind."
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006: This Index evaluates management by political decision-makers while taking into consideration the level of difficulty. The Management Index’s overall result is calculated by multiplying the intermediate result with a factor derived from the level of difficulty evaluation.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women per million people: Number of seats held by women in country's parliament or legislative houses. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Democracy > Female suffrage: Year in which women received the right to vote. Data refer to the year in which right to vote or stand for election on a universal and equal basis was recognized. Where two years are shown, the first refers to the first partial recognition of the right to vote.
  • Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days: Time required to build a warehouse (days). Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • CPIA building human resources rating > 1=low to 6=high: Building human resources assesses the national policies and public and private sector service delivery that affect the access to and quality of health and education services, including prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria."
  • Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days per million: Time required to start a business (days). Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million: Procedures to enforce a contract (number). Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Time required to register property > Days per million: Time required to register property (days). Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days per million: Time required to build a warehouse (days). Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million: Procedures to build a warehouse (number). Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Spending > Interest payments > Current LCU: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents."
  • Foreign relations > Diplomatic representation in the US > Ambassador: Name of ambassador to the USA.
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation: Political Transformation The score for â€?Political Transformation“ is obtained by calculating the mean value of the ratings for the following criteria: · Stateness · Political Participation · Rule of Law · Stability of Democratic Institutions · Political and Social Integration
  • Country name > Former: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Time required to build a warehouse > Days: Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age
  • CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high: Social protection and labor assess government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people."
  • CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: Fiscal policy assesses the short- and medium-term sustainability of fiscal policy (taking into account monetary and exchange rate policy and the sustainability of the public debt) and its impact on growth.
  • CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high: Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced.
  • Democracy > Female candidacy: Year in which women received the right to stand for election. Data refer to the year in which right to vote or stand for election on a universal and equal basis was recognized. Where two years are shown, the first refers to the first partial recognition of the right to stand for election.
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents per 1000: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents > Per capita: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Total vote: The total number of votes cast in the relevant election. Total vote includes valid and invalid votes, as well as blank votes in cases where these are separated from invalid votes. More information on valid, invalid and blank votes can be found at aceproject.org
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voter registration: The number of registered voters. The figure represents the number of names on the voters' register at the time that the registration process closes, as reported by the electoral management body.
  • Time required to enforce a contract > Days: Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment.
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number > Per capita: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Procedures to register property > Number: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers.
  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating: Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities.
  • Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organisations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind."
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Democracy > CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating: Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced.
  • CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating > 1=low to 6=high: Policy and institutions for environmental sustainability assess the extent to which environmental policies foster the protection and sustainable use of natural resources and the management of pollution.
  • CPIA policies for social inclusion or equity cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The policies for social inclusion and equity cluster includes gender equality, equity of public resource use, building human resources, social protection and labor, and policies and institutions for environmental sustainability."
  • CPIA macroeconomic management rating: Macroeconomic management assesses the monetary, exchange rate, and aggregate demand policy framework."
  • CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high: Financial sector assesses the structure of the financial sector and the policies and regulations that affect it.
  • CPIA efficiency of revenue mobilisation rating > 1=low to 6=high: Efficiency of revenue mobilisation assesses the overall pattern of revenue mobilisation--not only the de facto tax structure, but also revenue from all sources as actually collected."
  • IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high: IDA Resource Allocation Index is obtained by calculating the average score for each cluster and then by averaging those scores. For each of 16 criteria countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high).
  • Legislature (parliament) > Term of office for lower house members: Members of the lower (or sole) house.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Commonwealth of Nations > Date joined: Date each member country joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Foreign relations > Date of recognition of State of Palestine: Date on which Palestine was officially recognized as a state.
  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high: Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities.
  • Country Policy and Institutional Assessment > Business regulation effectiveness: Business regulatory environment assesses the extent to which the legal, regulatory, and policy environments help or hinder private businesses in investing, creating jobs, and becoming more productive."
  • Leaders > Prime Minister: Government > Leaders > Prime Minister
  • Trademarks > Residents: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high: Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively.
  • Democracy > CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average: The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.
  • Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number: Procedures to enforce a contract (number). Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number per million: Procedures to register property (number). Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time: Management time dealing with officials (% of management time). Time dealing with officials is the percentage of management time in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations (taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing and registration).
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Capital city > Time difference: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant LCU: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Policy uncertainty measures the share of senior managers who ranked economic and regulatory policy uncertainty as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Trademarks > Residents > Per capita: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • CPIA quality of public administration rating: Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively.
  • Spending > Interest payments > % of expense: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents."
  • Time to resolve insolvency > Years: Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from the filing for insolvency in court until the resolution of distressed assets.
  • Procedures to register property > Number per million: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Ruling party: In power now.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth: Annual percentage growth of general government final consumption expenditure based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. General government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation.
  • Time required to register property > Days: Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Leaders > Prime Minister > Profile: Government > Leaders > Prime Minister > Profile
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment.
  • Democracy and rights > Last election: Last election.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilisation, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in"
  • Spending > Interest payments > % of revenue: Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents."
  • Parliament > Seats held by men per million people: Number of seats held by men in country's naitonal parliament or legislative houses. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Parliamentary republic adoption date: Date each country adopted the parliamentary republic form of government.
  • Democracy and rights > Next election: Next election.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes: The number of invalid votes, as reported by each country.
  • Spending > Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees."
  • Informal payments to public officials > % of firms: Informal payments to public officials are the percentage of firms expected to make informal payments to public officials to ""get things done"" with regard to customs, taxes, licenses, regulations, services, and the like."
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Spending > Goods and services expense > % of expense: Goods and services include all government payments in exchange for goods and services used for the production of market and nonmarket goods and services. Own-account capital formation is excluded.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Country Policy and Institutional Assessment debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: Debt policy assesses whether the debt management strategy is conducive to minimizing budgetary risks and ensuring long-term debt sustainability.
  • CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high: Trade assesses how the policy framework fosters trade in goods.
  • Spending > Other expense > % of expense: Other expense is spending on dividends, rent, and other miscellaneous expenses, including provision for consumption of fixed capital."
  • Spending > Other expense > Current LCU: Other expense is spending on dividends, rent, and other miscellaneous expenses, including provision for consumption of fixed capital."
  • CPIA structural policies cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The structural policies cluster includes trade, financial sector, and business regulatory environment."
  • Trademarks > Residents per million: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Spending > Expense > % of GDP: Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends."
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments > %: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%). Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber held by women.
  • Legislature (parliament) > Total members of parliament: Number of members of the legislature (sum of members of all chambers of parliament where applicable).
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current LCU: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current local currency.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population per 1000: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Foreign relations > Diplomatic relations with Palestine: Indicates whether or not each country has diplomatic relations with Palestine.
  • Economic management rating: The economic management cluster includes macroeconomic management, fiscal policy, and debt policy. From the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment."
  • Leaders > Prime Minister > Summary: Government > Leaders > Prime Minister > Summary
  • Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days per million: Time required to enforce a contract (days). Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Time to prepare and pay taxes > Hours: Time to prepare and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security contributions.
  • Procedures to register property > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Spending > Goods and services expense > Current LCU: Goods and services include all government payments in exchange for goods and services used for the production of market and nonmarket goods and services. Own-account capital formation is excluded.
  • Democracy > CPIA transparency > Accountability > And corruption in the public sector rating: Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests.
  • Democracy > CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average: The policies for social inclusion and equity cluster includes gender equality, equity of public resource use, building human resources, social protection and labor, and policies and institutions for environmental sustainability.
  • Management time dealing with officials > % of management time: Time dealing with officials is the percentage of management time in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations (taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing and registration).
STAT Bangladesh Pakistan HISTORY
Administrative divisions 7 divisions; Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Sylhet 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), Punjab, Sindh
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 23 33 42 N, 73 10 E
Capital city > Name Dhaka Islamabad
Constitution enacted 4 November 1972; effective 16 December 1972; suspended following coup of 24 March 1982; restored 10 November 1986; amended many times several previous; latest endorsed 12 April 1973, passed 19 April 1973, entered into force 14 August 1973 (suspended and restored several times); amended many times, last in 2012
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address G. P. O. Box 323, Dhaka 1000 8100
Executive branch > Cabinet Cabinet selected by the prime minister and appointed by the president Cabinet appointed by the president upon the advice of the prime minister
Executive branch > Chief of state President Abdul HAMID (since 24 April 2013) President Mamnoon HUSSAIN (since 9 September 2013)
Executive branch > Head of government Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA (since 6 January 2009) Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz SHARIF (since 5 June 2013)
Government type parliamentary democracy federal republic
Judicial branch Supreme Court (the chief justices and other judges are appointed by the president) Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president); Federal Islamic or Sharia Court
Legal system mixed legal system of mostly English common law and Islamic law common law system with Islamic law influence
Legislative branch unicameral National Parliament or Jatiya Sangsad; 300 seats (45 reserved for women) elected by popular vote from single territorial constituencies; members serve five-year terms bicameral parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate
Political parties and leaders Awami League or AL [Sheikh HASINA]<br />Communist Party of Bangladesh or CPB [Manjurul A. KHAN]<br />Bangladesh Nationalist Party or BNP [Khaleda ZIA]<br />Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh or BDB [Badrudozza CHOWDHURY]<br />Islami Oikya Jote or IOJ [multiple leaders]<br />Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh or JIB [Matiur Rahman NIZAMI]<br />Jatiya Party or JP (Ershad faction) [Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD]<br />Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Oli AHMED] Awami National Party or ANP [Asfandyar Wali KHAN]<br />Balochistan National Party-Awami or BNP-A<br />Balochistan National Party-Hayee Group or BNP-H [Dr. Hayee BALOCH]<br />Balochistan National Party-Mengal or BNP-M<br />Jamaat-i Islami or JI [Syed Munawar HASAN]<br />Jamhoori Watan Party or JWP<br />Jamiat Ahle Hadith or JAH [Sajid MIR]<br />Jamiat-i Ulema-i Islam Fazl-ur Rehman or JUI-F [Fazl-ur REHMAN]<br />Jamiat-i Ulema-i Islam Sami-ul HAQ or JUI-S [Sami ul-HAQ]<br />Jamiat-i Ulema-i Pakistan or JUP [Abul Khair ZUBAIR]<br />Millat-e-Jafferia [Allama Sajid NAQVI]<br />Muttahida Qaumi Movement or MQM [Altaf HUSSAIN]<br />National Peoples Party or NPP<br />Pakhtun-khwa Milli Awami Party or PKMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI]<br />Pakistan Awami Tehrik or PAT [Tahir ul QADRI]<br />Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-i Azam or PML-Q [Chaudhry Shujaat HUSSAIN]<br />Pakistan Muslim League-Functional or PML-F [Pir PAGARO]<br />Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz or PML-N [Nawaz SHARIF]<br />Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians or PPPP [Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI, chairman; Asif Ali ZARDARI, co-chairman]<br />Pakistan Peoples Party-S [Aftab Ahmad SHERPAO]<br />Quami Watan Party or QWP [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO]<br />Pakistan Tehrik-e Insaaf or PTI [Imran KHAN]<br />
Political pressure groups and leaders Advocacy to End Gender-based Violence through the MoWCA (Ministry of Women's and Children's Affairs)<br />Ain o Salish Kendro (Law and Order Center)<br />Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee or BRAC<br />Bangladesh Center for Worker Solidarity<br />Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry<br />Odikhar (Human Rights)<br /><strong>other:</strong> associations of madrassa teachers; business associations, including those intended to promote international trade; development and advocacy NGOs associated with the Grameen Bank; environmentalists; Islamist groups; labor rights advocacy groups; nongovernmental organizations focused on poverty, alleviation, and socioeconomic international trade; religious leaders; tribal groups and advocacy organizations; union leaders <strong>other: </strong>military (most important political force); ulema (clergy); landowners; industrialists; small merchants
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
International organization participation ADB, ARF, BIMSTEC, C, CD, CICA (observer), CP, D-8, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ADB, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), C, CICA, CP, D-8, ECO, FAO, G-11, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, PCA, SAARC, SACEP, SCO (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Government corruption rating 3
Ranked 43th. 20% more than Pakistan
2.5
Ranked 47th.

Country name > Conventional long form People's Republic of Bangladesh Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Executive branch > Elections president elected by National Parliament for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); last election held on 29 April 2013 (next must be held by 2018) president elected by secret ballot through an Electoral College comprising the members of the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies for a five-year term; election last held on 9 September 2013 (next to be held in 2018); prime minister selected by the National Assembly
National symbol(s) Bengal tiger star and crescent
Flag description green field with a large red disk shifted slightly to the hoist side of center; the red disk represents the rising sun and the sacrifice to achieve independence; the green field symbolizes the lush vegetation of Bangladesh green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days 10.5
Ranked 124th.
21
Ranked 69th. Twice as much as Bangladesh

Country name > Conventional short form Bangladesh Pakistan
Constitutional form Republic Republic
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Indian Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh struggles to accommodate 29,000 Rohingya, Burmese Muslim minority from Arakan State, living as refugees in Cox's Bazar; Burmese border authorities are constructing a 200 km (124 mi) wire fence designed to deter illegal cross-border transit and tensions from the military build-up along border various talks and confidence-building measures cautiously have begun to defuse tensions over Kashmir, particularly since the October 2005 earthquake in the region; Kashmir nevertheless remains the site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949; India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; India and Pakistan have maintained their 2004 cease-fire in Kashmir and initiated discussions on defusing the armed standoff in the Siachen glacier region; Pakistan protests India's fencing the highly militarized Line of Control and construction of the Baglihar Dam on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir, which is part of the larger dispute on water sharing of the Indus River and its tributaries; to defuse tensions and prepare for discussions on a maritime boundary, India and Pakistan seek technical resolution of the disputed boundary in Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch in the Arabian Sea; Pakistani maps continue to show the Junagadh claim in India's Gujarat State; by 2005, Pakistan, with UN assistance, repatriated 2.3 million Afghan refugees leaving slightly more than a million, many of whom remain at their own choosing; Pakistan has sent troops across and built fences along some remote tribal areas of its treaty-defined Durand Line border with Afghanistan, which serve as bases for foreign terrorists and other illegal activities; Afghan, Coalition, and Pakistan military meet periodically to clarify the alignment of the boundary on the ground and on maps
National anthem <strong>name: </strong>"Amar Shonar Bangla" (My Golden Bengal)<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> Rabindranath TAGORE <strong>name: </strong>"Qaumi Tarana" (National Anthem)<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez JULLANDHURI/Ahmed Ghulamali CHAGLA
Democracy > CPIA gender equality rating 4
Ranked 24th. Twice as much as Pakistan
2
Ranked 74th.
FAX 880 92
Legislative branch > Election results percent of vote by party - AL 49%, BNP 33.2%, JP 7%, JIB 4.6%, other 6.2%; seats by party - AL 230, BNP 30, JP 27, JIB 2, other 11 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPPP 41, PML-N 14, ANP 12, JUI-F 7, MQM 7, PML-Q 5, BNP-A 4, NPP 1, PML-F 1, independents 12; National Assembly - percent of votes by party - NA; seats by party as of June 2013) - PML-N 126, PPPP 31, PTI 28, MQM 18, JUI-F 10, PML-F 5, other 22, independents 25, unfilled seats 7; 60 seats reserved for women, 10 seats reserved for non-Muslims
Legislative branch > Elections last held on 29 December 2008 (next to be held on 5 January 2014) Senate - last held on 2 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2015); National Assembly - last held on 11 May 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Democracy and rights > Press freedom index 42.01
Ranked 35th.
51.31
Ranked 21st. 22% more than Bangladesh
Parliament > Seats held by women > Percentage 19.71%
Ranked 83th.
22.51%
Ranked 63th. 14% more than Bangladesh

Independence 16 December 1971 (from West Pakistan) 14 August 1947 (from British India)
Executive branch > Election results President Abdul HAMID was elected by the National Parliament unopposed Mamnoon HUSSAIN elected president; Mamnoon HUSSAIN 432 votes, Wajihuddin AHMED 77 votes
Judicial branch > Subordinate courts civil courts include: Assistant Judge's Court; Joint District Judge's Court; Additional District Judge's Court; District Judge's Court; criminal courts include: Court of Sessions; Court of Metropolitan Sessions; special courts/tribunals; Metropolitan Magistrate Courts; Magistrate Court High Courts; Federal Shariat Court; provincial and district civil and criminal courts; specialized courts for issues such as taxation, banking, customs, etc.
Basis of executive legitimacy Ministry is subject to parliamentary confidence Ministry is subject to parliamentary confidence
Transnational Issues > Illicit drugs transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries significant transit area for Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish, bound for Iran, Western markets, the Gulf States, Africa, and Asia; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling remain problems; opium poppy cultivation estimated to be 2,300 hectares in 2007 with 600 of those hectares eradicated; federal and provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that utilizes forced eradication, fines, and arrests
Country name > Local short form Bangladesh Pakistan
Democracy and rights > Freedom of the press 52
Ranked 85th.
63
Ranked 48th. 21% more than Bangladesh
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament 15.1%
Ranked 80th.
21.3%
Ranked 46th. 41% more than Bangladesh

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy Madani Avenue, Baridhara, Dhaka 1212 Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad
Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 7
Ranked 92nd.
10
Ranked 33th. 43% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > Civil and political liberties 3.5
Ranked 73th. 2 times more than Pakistan
1.5
Ranked 112th.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ 3.32 billion$
Ranked 65th.
8.67 billion$
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

National holiday Independence Day, 26 March (1971); Victory Day Republic Day, 23 March
Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs per thousand people 0.444
Ranked 38th.
3.92
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than Bangladesh

Capital > Geographic coordinates 23 43 N, 90 24 E 33 41 N, 73 03 E
Democracy > First female parliamentarian 1973 (elected) 1973 (elected)
Time required to start a business > Days 37 days
Ranked 80th. 54% more than Pakistan
24 days
Ranked 123th.

Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs 65,000
Ranked 27th.
758,000
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Bangladesh

Leaders > President Abdul Hamid Mamnoon Hussain
Democracy > Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 1.03
Ranked 9th. 36% more than Pakistan
0.76
Ranked 144th.

Judicial branch > Judge selection and term of office chief justice and justices appointed by the president; justices serve until retirement at age 67 justices nominated by an 8-member Majlis-e-Shoora (parliamentary) Committee upon the recommendation of the Judicial Commission (a 9-member body of several judges and other judicial professionals), and appointed by the president of Pakistan; justices can serve until age 65
Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 3.2
Ranked 126th.
3.7
Ranked 92nd. 16% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 6.01
Ranked 55th. 36% more than Pakistan
4.43
Ranked 83th.
Red tape > Time required to register property > Days 245
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Pakistan
50
Ranked 63th.

International law organization participation has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt
Parliament > Seats held by men 281
Ranked 32nd. 6% more than Pakistan
265
Ranked 33th.

Country name > Local long form Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan
Red tape > Time to resolve insolvency > Years 4
Ranked 30th. 43% more than Pakistan
2.8
Ranked 70th.

Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.0453
Ranked 182nd.
0.0558
Ranked 178th. 23% more than Bangladesh

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [880] (2) 885-5500 [92] (51) 208-0000
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Akramul QADER (since 1 September 2009) Ambassador (acting) Asad KHAN, Dr.
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery None None
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Dan W. MOZENA (since 11 November 2011) Ambassador Richard OLSON
Parliament > Seats held by women 69
Ranked 32nd.
77
Ranked 28th. 12% more than Bangladesh

Leaders > President > Summary Mr Hamid was Speaker of parliament before becoming president Mamnoon Hussain is a textile businessman
Foreign relations > Date of recognition of Israel None
None
Democracy > Democratic institutions rating 6
Ranked 73th.
-6
Ranked 117th.
Executive branch > Note the country has a caretaker government until a general election is held; Iajuddin AHMED remains as President and Minister of Defense, and all other Cabinet portfolios are held by Caretaker Advisers (CAs); the Chief CA, Fakhruddin AHMED, is roughly equivalent to a prime minister following an October 1999 military coup, General Pervez MUSHARRAF suspended Pakistan's constitution and assumed the additional title of Chief Executive; in May 2000, Pakistan's Supreme Court validated the 1999 coup and granted MUSHARRAF executive and legislative authority for three years following the coup; in June 2001, MUSHARRAF named himself president, replacing Mohammad Rafiq TARAR; an April 2002 referendum extended MUSHARRAF's presidency by five years; on 6 October 2007, MUSHARRAF was reelected President of Pakistan, although the Supreme Court was reviewing a challenge to his eligibility to serve another term; MUSHARRAF declared emergency rule from 3 November to 15 December, during which time he replaced several Supreme Court Justices; the reconstituted court upheld his presidency on 22 November 2007
Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 11
Ranked 153th. The same as Pakistan
11
Ranked 147th.

Capital city Dhaka Islamabad
Capital > Name Dhaka Islamabad
Legal origin <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a> <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a>
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita 23.44$ per capita
Ranked 134th.
55.69$ per capita
Ranked 117th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Spending > Expense > Current LCU 592.77 billion
Ranked 31st.
1.42 trillion
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days 404
Ranked 6th. 96% more than Pakistan
206
Ranked 17th.

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 75%
Ranked 56th. 79% more than Pakistan
41.8%
Ranked 144th.
Legislature (parliament) > People per member 542,545
Ranked 4th. 43% more than Pakistan
379,223
Ranked 6th.
Democracy and rights > Year women first voted at national level 1972 1947
Capital > Time difference UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days per million 2.61
Ranked 152nd. 2 times more than Pakistan
1.15
Ranked 172nd.

Legislature (parliament) > Lower house members 299
Ranked 37th.
342
Ranked 33th. 14% more than Bangladesh
Leaders > Head of state > Term limit for head of state 5
Ranked 102nd. The same as Pakistan
5
Ranked 73th.
Foreign relations > Recognition of Israel notes title=Visa information: Bangladesh|url= http://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?SpecData=1&amp;VISA=&amp;page=visa&amp;NA=IL&amp;DE=BD&amp;PASSTYPES=PASS&amp;user=DL&amp;subuser=DELTAB2C|work=Timatic Web|publisher=Air Transport Association}}&lt;/ref&gt; title=Pakistan K1 Fiancee Visa Processing Times|url= http://www.k1-fiancee-visa-law.com/k1-visa-processing-times/pakistan-k1-visa-processing-times/|accessdate=27 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;
CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 61st.
3.5
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Bangladesh

Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days 1,442
Ranked 4th. 48% more than Pakistan
976
Ranked 22nd.

Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number 8
Ranked 38th. 33% more than Pakistan
6
Ranked 82nd.

Leaders > President > Profile <p>Abdul Hamid was elected unopposed as Bangladesh&#039;s president in April 2013, following the death in March of President Zillur Rahman after a long illness. </p> <p>Mr Hamid, speaker of parliament since 2009, was serving as acting president in the largely ceremonial post when MPs chose him to succeed Mr Rahman.</p> <p>The 69-year-old is a veteran of the governing Awami League and a long-standing aide to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. </p> <p>President Hamid is said to have good ties with opposition parties, and this could prove crucial in breaking a deadlock between the main parties over the next general election due by January 2014. </p> <p>The Bangladesh Nationalist Party party has threatened to boycott the polls if they are not held under a neutral caretaker government, a demand rejected by the government of Sheikh Hasina. </p> <p>Mamnoon Hussain was elected to the largely ceremonial role of president by parliament in July 2013.</p> <p>He succeeded Asif Ali Zardari, who stepped down at the end of his five-year term as the first democratically elected president to complete a full-term in Pakistan. He took over from Pervez Musharraf, who resigned under threat of impeachment.</p> <p>Mr Hussain is a textile businessman and a close ally of the prime minister, Nawaz Sharif. He has been a long-time member of the ruling PML-N party.</p>
Role of head of state Ceremonial Ceremonial
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ per capita 23.23$
Ranked 133th.
54.91$
Ranked 115th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 8
Ranked 118th.
11
Ranked 52nd. 38% more than Bangladesh

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong 7
Ranked 59th. 17% more than Pakistan
6
Ranked 74th.

Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient per million 0.0207
Ranked 136th. About the same as Pakistan
0.0207
Ranked 137th.

Spending > Compensation of employees > Current LCU 122.16 billion
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Pakistan
60.72 billion
Ranked 41st.

Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > Current LCU 186.56 billion
Ranked 35th.
434.22 billion
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 4.73
Ranked 62nd. 9% more than Pakistan
4.33
Ranked 75th.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.055$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 139th.
0.078$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 135th. 42% more than Bangladesh

Parliament > Seats held by women per million people 0.422
Ranked 169th. 6% more than Pakistan
0.398
Ranked 172nd.

Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment April 8, 1972 March 20, 1960
Democracy > Female suffrage 1972 1947
Political pressure groups and leaders > Other environmentalists; Islamist groups; religious leaders; teachers; union leaders military (most important political force); ulema (clergy); landowners; industrialists; small merchants
Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days 201
Ranked 49th.
222
Ranked 39th. 10% more than Bangladesh

CPIA building human resources rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 26th. 33% more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 53th.

Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days per million 0.12
Ranked 175th. 2% more than Pakistan
0.117
Ranked 176th.

Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 0.265
Ranked 178th. 3% more than Pakistan
0.257
Ranked 179th.

Red tape > Time required to register property > Days per million 1.58
Ranked 127th. 6 times more than Pakistan
0.279
Ranked 166th.

Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days per million 1.3
Ranked 172nd. 5% more than Pakistan
1.24
Ranked 174th.

Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.0711
Ranked 179th. 16% more than Pakistan
0.0614
Ranked 180th.

Spending > Interest payments > Current LCU 135.77 billion
Ranked 14th.
373.64 billion
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Foreign relations > Diplomatic representation in the US > Ambassador Qader, Akramul Akramul Qader Jilani, Jalil Abbas Jalil Abbas Jilani
Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.55
Ranked 48th. 83% more than Pakistan
3.58
Ranked 94th.
Country name > Former East Bengal, East Pakistan West Pakistan
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 25.52 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 104th.
49.86 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 92nd. 95% more than Bangladesh

Time required to build a warehouse > Days 185 days
Ranked 82nd.
218 days
Ranked 58th. 18% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 66.41 million
Ranked 7th. 10% more than Pakistan
60.57 million
Ranked 10th.
CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 34th. 17% more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 39th.

CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 25th. 33% more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 52nd.

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 43th. 20% more than Pakistan
2.5
Ranked 46th.

Democracy > Female candidacy 1,972
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Pakistan
1,947
Ranked 87th.
Trademarks > Nonresidents per 1000 0.00726
Ranked 69th.
0.0287
Ranked 50th. 4 times more than Bangladesh

Trademarks > Nonresidents > Per capita 0.007 per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th.
0.029 per 1,000 people
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Bangladesh

National anthem > Name "Amar Shonar Bangla" (My Golden Bengal) "Qaumi Tarana" (National Anthem)
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Total vote 56.19 million
Ranked 6th. 88% more than Pakistan
29.83 million
Ranked 13th.
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 74.95 million
Ranked 7th. 5% more than Pakistan
71.36 million
Ranked 8th.
Time required to enforce a contract > Days 1,442 days
Ranked 3rd. 64% more than Pakistan
880 days
Ranked 20th.

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number > Per capita 0.055 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
0.069 per 1 million people
Ranked 161st. 25% more than Bangladesh

Procedures to register property > Number 8
Ranked 42nd. 33% more than Pakistan
6
Ranked 83th.

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 13
Ranked 135th. 8% more than Pakistan
12
Ranked 142nd.

CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5
Ranked 46th. The same as Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 26th.
Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 31.47%
Ranked 58th. 3% more than Pakistan
30.67%
Ranked 63th.

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.0552
Ranked 164th.
0.0684
Ranked 160th. 24% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3
Ranked 43th. The same as Pakistan
3
Ranked 32nd.
CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 54th. The same as Pakistan
3
Ranked 38th.

CPIA policies for social inclusion or equity cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.6
Ranked 29th. 24% more than Pakistan
2.9
Ranked 55th.

CPIA macroeconomic management rating 4
Ranked 38th. 33% more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 63th.

CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 29th. The same as Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 15th.

CPIA efficiency of revenue mobilisation rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 67th. The same as Pakistan
3
Ranked 55th.

IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high 3.52
Ranked 29th. 11% more than Pakistan
3.18
Ranked 53th.

Legislature (parliament) > Term of office for lower house members 5
Ranked 88th. The same as Pakistan
5
Ranked 58th.
Commonwealth of Nations > Date joined <span style="display:none">1972-04-18</span>18 April 1972 <span style="display:none">1947-08-15</span>15 August 1947
Foreign relations > Date of recognition of State of Palestine 16 November 1988 16 November 1988
CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 48th. The same as Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 28th.

Country Policy and Institutional Assessment > Business regulation effectiveness 3.5
Ranked 40th.
4
Ranked 7th. 14% more than Bangladesh

Leaders > Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed Nawaz Sharif
Trademarks > Residents 3,629
Ranked 31st.
8,319
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ 3.62 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 48th.
7.77 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number > Per capita 0.09 per 1 million people
Ranked 161st. 20% more than Pakistan
0.075 per 1 million people
Ranked 164th.

CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 53th.
3.5
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 2.9
Ranked 51st.
3.2
Ranked 35th. 10% more than Bangladesh
National anthem > Note adopted 1971; Rabindranath TAGORE, a Nobel laureate, also wrote India's national anthem adopted 1954; the anthem is also known as "Pak sarzamin shad bad" (Blessed Be the Sacred Land)
Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 41
Ranked 60th.
46
Ranked 25th. 12% more than Bangladesh

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [880] (2) 882-3744 [92] (51) 227-6427
Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.0517
Ranked 174th. 54% more than Pakistan
0.0335
Ranked 178th.

Red tape > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 3.2%
Ranked 13th. 68% more than Pakistan
1.9%
Ranked 17th.

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 244-7830/2771 [1] (202) 686-1534
Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 0.345
Ranked 154th. 1% more than Pakistan
0.342
Ranked 155th.

Capital city > Time difference 6 UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant LCU 146144000000 401864000000
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 44.29%
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Pakistan
40.1%
Ranked 3rd.
Trademarks > Residents > Per capita 0.029 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd.
0.055 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 90% more than Bangladesh

CPIA quality of public administration rating 3
Ranked 50th.
3.5
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Bangladesh
Spending > Interest payments > % of expense 22.9%
Ranked 5th.
26.39%
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Bangladesh

Time to resolve insolvency > Years 4 years
Ranked 45th. 43% more than Pakistan
2.8 years
Ranked 82nd.

Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.0552
Ranked 153th. 48% more than Pakistan
0.0373
Ranked 159th.

Ruling party Awami League Muslim League
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth 7.81%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Pakistan
2.27%
Ranked 68th.

Time required to register property > Days 425 days
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Pakistan
50 days
Ranked 81st.

Leaders > Prime Minister > Profile <p>Sheikh Hasina was sworn in for a third term as prime minister in January 2014 after a deadly general election boycotted by the opposition amid an ongoing political crisis.</p> <p>Her Awami League party won a clear majority in the poll, but many seats were not contested by the opposition who had demanded that a neutral caretaker government oversee the vote. </p> <p>The international community called for a re-run of the election amid fears of more violence.</p> <p>The opposition, led by two-times former prime minister and arch enemy Khaleda Zia, called for a blockade of roads, rail and waterways to try to topple the government. Her Bangladesh Nationalist Party dismissed the new government as a farce just like the &quot;farcical elections&quot;.</p> <p>Rivalry</span> <p>Politics in Bangladesh has long been dominated by the bitter rivalry between the two women.</p><p>Sheikh Hasina was previously prime minister from 1996 to 2001, while Khaleda Zia was in power between 1991 and 1996 and again from 2001 to October 2006, when she handed over power to a caretaker administration ahead of elections.</p> <p>The hostility between the women stems in part from differences over who played a greater role in the country&#039;s independence struggle - Hasina&#039;s father, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, or Khaleda&#039;s husband, General Ziaur Rahman.</p> <p>Khaleda and Hasina sank their differences when military ruler Hossain Mohammad Ershad was in power from 1982 to 1990, but their alliance ended with Ershad&#039;s departure and they have been uncompromising rivals ever since.</p> <p>The Muslim League conservative opposition party won parliamentary elections in May 2013, returning Nawaz Sharif to power for a third time.</p> <p>Mr Sharif, a wealthy industrialist from Punjab, first emerged in the 1980s as a protege of military ruler Zia ul-Haq, and went on to serve as elected prime minister in 1990-1993 and 1997-1999, alternating in office with the left-leaning Pakistan People&#039;s Party (PPP).</p> <p>Army chief Pervez Musharraf deposed him in a coup in 1999, and Mr Sharif spent the following eight years in Saudi exile.</p> <p>His victory in 2013 - again over the PPP - marked the first transition from one elected government to another in the country&#039;s history.</p> <p>He has set out an ambitious programme of public works, fighting corruption and ending US drone attacks on the Taliban and al-Qaeda. </p>
Trademarks > Nonresidents 926
Ranked 56th.
4,455
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Bangladesh

Date of transition to republican system of government > Republic since June 12, 1946 September 15, 1946
FAX > Consulate(s) general Los Angeles, New York Karachi
Democracy and rights > Last election December 2008 May 2013
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 46th. The same as Pakistan
3
Ranked 42nd.

Spending > Interest payments > % of revenue 21.81%
Ranked 7th.
29.17%
Ranked 4th. 34% more than Bangladesh

Parliament > Seats held by men per million people 1.72
Ranked 183th. 25% more than Pakistan
1.37
Ranked 184th.

Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general Los Angeles, New York Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, Sunnyvale (California)
Parliamentary republic adoption date 1971 1956-1958, 1973-1978, 1988-1999, 2010-present
Democracy and rights > Next election January 2014 May 2018
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 0.8%
Ranked 95th.
2.6%
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Bangladesh
Spending > Compensation of employees > % of expense 20.61%
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Pakistan
4.29%
Ranked 96th.

Informal payments to public officials > % of firms 85.07%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Pakistan
27.23%
Ranked 9th.

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 244-0183 [1] (202) 243-6500
Spending > Goods and services expense > % of expense 12.42%
Ranked 46th.
31.13%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ per capita 25.29 constant 2000 US$
Ranked 103th.
49.17 constant 2000 US$
Ranked 91st. 94% more than Bangladesh

Country Policy and Institutional Assessment debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 31st. 14% more than Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 36th.

CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 61st. The same as Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 51st.

Spending > Other expense > % of expense 12.59%
Ranked 15th. 68% more than Pakistan
7.51%
Ranked 37th.
Spending > Other expense > Current LCU 74.64 billion
Ranked 20th.
106.3 billion
Ranked 15th. 42% more than Bangladesh
CPIA structural policies cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 38th.
3.67
Ranked 24th. 5% more than Bangladesh

Trademarks > Residents per million 28.47
Ranked 62nd.
53.62
Ranked 43th. 88% more than Bangladesh

Spending > Expense > % of GDP 10.86%
Ranked 84th.
16.32%
Ranked 85th. 50% more than Bangladesh

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.0897
Ranked 160th. 20% more than Pakistan
0.0746
Ranked 163th.

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments > % 19.7%
Ranked 87th.
20.7%
Ranked 82nd. 5% more than Bangladesh

Legislature (parliament) > Total members of parliament 299
Ranked 40th.
442
Ranked 32nd. 48% more than Bangladesh
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current LCU 205303000000 512926000000
Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 50
Ranked 22nd.
55
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Bangladesh

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population per 1000 477.12
Ranked 112th. 20% more than Pakistan
397.36
Ranked 144th.
Foreign relations > Diplomatic relations with Palestine Yes Yes
Economic management rating 4
Ranked 24th. 26% more than Pakistan
3.17
Ranked 53th.

Leaders > Prime Minister > Summary Sheikh Hasina gained a third term as premier in 2014 Mr Sharif faces numerous pressing challenges
Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days per million 9.32
Ranked 164th. 71% more than Pakistan
5.45
Ranked 175th.

Time to prepare and pay taxes > Hours 400 hours
Ranked 42nd.
560 hours
Ranked 23th. 40% more than Bangladesh

Procedures to register property > Number > Per capita 0.055 per 1 million people
Ranked 154th. 45% more than Pakistan
0.038 per 1 million people
Ranked 160th.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number > Per capita 0.346 per 1 million people
Ranked 157th. The same as Pakistan
0.346 per 1 million people
Ranked 156th.

Spending > Goods and services expense > Current LCU 73.65 billion
Ranked 31st.
440.67 billion
Ranked 12th. 6 times more than Bangladesh

Democracy > CPIA transparency > Accountability > And corruption in the public sector rating 2.5
Ranked 62nd. The same as Pakistan
2.5
Ranked 46th.
Democracy > CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.6
Ranked 26th. 16% more than Pakistan
3.1
Ranked 49th.
Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 3.71%
Ranked 4th.
8.69%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Bangladesh

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; Wikipedia: List of countries by system of government (Alphabetical list of countries); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Censorship by country (Censorship by country) ("Press Freedom Index 2013" , Reporters Without Borders, 30 January 2013); United Nations Statistics Division; "2012 Freedom of the Press Data" , Freedom House, 1 May 2012; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files.; Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: International recognition of Israel (UN member states); Polity IV Project, University of Maryland, at Polity IV Project; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Wikipedia: List of legislatures by number of members; Wikipedia: Women's suffrage (Summary); Wikipedia: Term of office (Terms of office by country); World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Nepal; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; Wikipedia: List of ambassadors to the United States; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/fileadmin/pdf/BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations; Wikipedia: International recognition of the State of Palestine (Diplomatic recognition); World Bank, Enterprise Surveys; Wikipedia: List of next general elections (Africa); Wikipedia: List of countries by date of transition to republican system of government; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Parliamentary republic; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates.; Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) (www.ipu.org); Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: International recognition of the State of Palestine (Diplomatic recognition) (Either with the Palestinian National Authority, the Palestine Liberation Organization, or the State of Palestine. The institution is specified where known.)

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