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People Stats: compare key data on Bangladesh & Pakistan

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Cities > Slum population: Slum population in urban areas.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Slum population per thousand people: Slum population in urban areas. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Slum population proportion: Slum population as percentage of urban, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Migration > Internally displaced persons > Number, high estimate: Internally displaced persons (number, high estimate). Internally displaced persons are people or groups of people who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of armed conflict, or to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights, or natural or human-made disasters and who have not crossed an international border.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Fertility > Completeness of birth registration, urban > %: Completeness of birth registration, urban (%). Completeness of birth registration is the percentage of children under age 5 whose births were registered at the time of the survey. The numerator of completeness of birth registration includes children whose birth certificate was seen by the interviewer or whose mother or caretaker says the birth has been registered.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population ages 15-64 > % of total: Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Total population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total: Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Structure > Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Female population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Contraceptive prevalence %: People - Women - Contraceptive prevalence (%) 1995-2002
  • Total population > Age 55-59: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • CPIA social protection rating: Social protection and labor assess government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population). Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males: People - Women - Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2000
  • Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin: This entry includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different, operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
  • Population ages 0-14 > % of total: Population ages 0 to 14 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 14.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
STAT Bangladesh Pakistan HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 48.87 years
Ranked 41st. 14% more than Pakistan
42.97 years
Ranked 132nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.32%
Ranked 160th.
16.34%
Ranked 74th. 14% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 26.09 million
Ranked 16th.
43.04 million
Ranked 10th. 65% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.04%
Ranked 158th.
11.54%
Ranked 69th. 15% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 18.3 million
Ranked 16th.
30.38 million
Ranked 9th. 66% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 84.23%
Ranked 42nd. 39% more than Pakistan
60.42%
Ranked 150th.

Birth rate 22.07 births/1,000 population
Ranked 76th.
23.76 births/1,000 population
Ranked 69th. 8% more than Bangladesh

Death rate 5.67 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 172nd.
6.69 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 141st. 18% more than Bangladesh

Ethnic groups Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
Gender > Female population 91.23 million
Ranked 14th.
130.14 million
Ranked 8th. 43% more than Bangladesh

Mother's mean age at first birth 18.1
Ranked 12th.
22.7
Ranked 4th. 25% more than Bangladesh
Population 163.65 million
Ranked 8th.
193.24 million
Ranked 6th. 18% more than Bangladesh

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.381
Ranked 185th. 20% more than Pakistan
-0.317
Ranked 161st.

Population growth -0.381%
Ranked 185th. 20% more than Pakistan
-0.317%
Ranked 161st.

Population growth rate 1.59%
Ranked 76th. 5% more than Pakistan
1.52%
Ranked 78th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 37.25%
Ranked 42nd. 34% more than Pakistan
27.72%
Ranked 140th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 98.92 million
Ranked 15th.
164.15 million
Ranked 8th. 66% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 8.53 million
Ranked 16th.
14.03 million
Ranked 10th. 64% more than Bangladesh

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 1.1%
Ranked 188th.
5.5%
Ranked 151st. 5 times more than Bangladesh
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.43%
Ranked 155th.
55.93%
Ranked 52nd. 15% more than Bangladesh

Population in 2015 168,158 thousand
Ranked 7th.
193,419 thousand
Ranked 6th. 15% more than Bangladesh
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 5.82
Ranked 156th.
7.03
Ranked 115th. 21% more than Bangladesh

Total fertility rate 2.5 children born/woman
Ranked 82nd.
2.96 children born/woman
Ranked 61st. 18% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 31.4%
Ranked 41st. 47% more than Pakistan
21.32%
Ranked 141st.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.64
Ranked 73th.
0.73
Ranked 61st. 14% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 0-14 years 33%
Ranked 70th.
34%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Bangladesh

Gender > Male population 91.01 million
Ranked 14th.
133.18 million
Ranked 7th. 46% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 67.89 million
Ranked 9th.
73 million
Ranked 7th. 8% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.28%
Ranked 155th.
62.34%
Ranked 47th. 15% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 65 years and over 4.9%
Ranked 141st. 14% more than Pakistan
4.3%
Ranked 151st.

Nationality > Noun Bangladeshi(s) Pakistani(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 57.85%
Ranked 40th. 69% more than Pakistan
34.2%
Ranked 142nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.68%
Ranked 160th.
5.33%
Ranked 78th. 14% more than Bangladesh

Physicians density 0.36 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 22nd.
0.81 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 57.23 million
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Pakistan
56.13 million
Ranked 8th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 88.26 million
Ranked 15th.
147.28 million
Ranked 8th. 67% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 25.46 million
Ranked 6th. 81% more than Pakistan
14.09 million
Ranked 11th.

Cities > Urban population 44,271
Ranked 192nd.
48,861
Ranked 182nd. 10% more than Bangladesh

Nationality > Adjective Bangladeshi Pakistani
Sex ratio > Total population 0.95 male(s)/female
Ranked 182nd.
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 18th. 12% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 9.63%
Ranked 160th.
11.02%
Ranked 72nd. 14% more than Bangladesh

Sex ratio > At birth 1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 164th.
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 110th. 1% more than Bangladesh

Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk high high
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 13.97%
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Pakistan
5.35%
Ranked 153th.

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 134th.
1.08
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 17.56 million
Ranked 16th.
29.01 million
Ranked 10th. 65% more than Bangladesh

Migration > Net migration rate -0.65 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 109th. 27% more than Pakistan
-0.51 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 103th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 18.1
Ranked 47th.
22.7
Ranked 4th. 25% more than Bangladesh
Future population change -701,400
Ranked 192nd.
-841,200.6
Ranked 193th. 20% more than Bangladesh

Urban population 35.6 million
Ranked 19th.
54.36 million
Ranked 11th. 53% more than Bangladesh

Urbanization in 2015 34.4%
Ranked 140th.
39.5%
Ranked 130th. 15% more than Bangladesh
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -4,935.754 per 1 million people
Ranked 114th.
-7,956.642 per 1 million people
Ranked 122nd. 61% more than Bangladesh

Median age > Total 23.9 years
Ranked 151st. 8% more than Pakistan
22.2 years
Ranked 169th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 70.36 years
Ranked 148th. 5% more than Pakistan
66.71 years
Ranked 165th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 39 million
Ranked 6th.
52.81 million
Ranked 5th. 35% more than Bangladesh

Projected population growth 56.24%
Ranked 63th.
138.11%
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 18.6
Ranked 25th.
22.7
Ranked 13th. 22% more than Bangladesh
Age structure > 15-64 years 61.6%
Ranked 162nd. 1% more than Pakistan
61%
Ranked 166th.

Literacy > Total population 57.7%
Ranked 195th. 5% more than Pakistan
54.9%
Ranked 201st.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 46%
Ranked 80th.
54.7%
Ranked 66th. 19% more than Bangladesh
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 25.4
Ranked 23th.
26.4
Ranked 9th. 4% more than Bangladesh
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.38%
Ranked 152nd. 1% more than Pakistan
26.22%
Ranked 163th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 33.09 million
Ranked 15th.
54.45 million
Ranked 8th. 65% more than Bangladesh

Percentage living in urban areas 24%
Ranked 179th.
34%
Ranked 162nd. 42% more than Bangladesh
Migration > Net migration -700,000
Ranked 172nd.
-1,239,422
Ranked 176th. 77% more than Bangladesh

Population > CIA Factbook 153.55 million
Ranked 8th.
172.8 million
Ranked 7th. 13% more than Bangladesh

Teenage pregancy rate 70.47
Ranked 50th. 58% more than Pakistan
44.67
Ranked 81st.

Population density 1,229.16
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than Pakistan
215.48
Ranked 42nd.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 167th.
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Bangladesh

Percentage living in rural areas. 76%
Ranked 20th. 15% more than Pakistan
66%
Ranked 40th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 47.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 45th.
59.35 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 25th. 25% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 25-54 years 37.6%
Ranked 148th. 7% more than Pakistan
35.1%
Ranked 170th.
Urban and rural > Rural population 111.61 million
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than Pakistan
97.05 million
Ranked 4th.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.685
Ranked 75th. 25% more than Pakistan
0.546
Ranked 134th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 18.8%
Ranked 91st.
21.6%
Ranked 14th. 15% more than Bangladesh
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.518
Ranked 37th.
0.567
Ranked 25th. 9% more than Bangladesh
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 255.13
Ranked 65th.
322.14
Ranked 71st. 26% more than Bangladesh

Rural population 106.22 million
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Pakistan
101.41 million
Ranked 5th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 10,432
Ranked 48th.
35,132
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 7.59 million
Ranked 134th.
8 million
Ranked 133th. 5% more than Bangladesh

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.24
Ranked 104th.
3.35
Ranked 56th. 49% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 55-64 years 5.7%
Ranked 143th. 14% more than Pakistan
5%
Ranked 156th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Pakistan
16
Ranked 2nd.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 492.24
Ranked 163th. 1% more than Pakistan
486.42
Ranked 177th.

Future population > Males 110.36 million
Ranked 8th.
123.32 million
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Bangladesh

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 8 years
Ranked 177th. The same as Pakistan
8 years
Ranked 174th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 20.61
Ranked 92nd.
26.18
Ranked 62nd. 27% more than Bangladesh

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.9
Ranked 214th.
1.07
Ranked 21st. 19% more than Bangladesh

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.111
Ranked 46th.
0.138
Ranked 10th. 25% more than Bangladesh
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 53.3%
Ranked 97th.
61.8%
Ranked 66th. 16% more than Bangladesh
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 1,174.33 sq. km
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Pakistan
228.53 sq. km
Ranked 46th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 637.27
Ranked 112th. 6% more than Pakistan
602.39
Ranked 134th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 81% of population
Ranked 107th.
92% of population
Ranked 67th. 14% more than Bangladesh
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 203.16
Ranked 44th.
215.25
Ranked 24th. 6% more than Bangladesh

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 51.3%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Pakistan
13.4%
Ranked 3rd.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 72.31 years
Ranked 152nd. 5% more than Pakistan
68.66 years
Ranked 165th.

Hospital bed density 0.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 62nd. The same as Pakistan
0.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 66th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 61.2%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Pakistan
27%
Ranked 18th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 61.2%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Pakistan
27%
Ranked 2nd.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 13.6
Ranked 80th.
14.1
Ranked 76th. 4% more than Bangladesh
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 730.14
Ranked 6th. 23% more than Pakistan
592.04
Ranked 25th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 20th. 13% more than Pakistan
16
Ranked 28th.
Urbanization 26
Ranked 181st.
33
Ranked 165th. 27% more than Bangladesh
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.3%
Ranked 118th. 3% more than Pakistan
7.1%
Ranked 122nd.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.96 male(s)/female
Ranked 24th. 8% more than Pakistan
0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 48th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 33.1
Ranked 62nd.
69.3
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 67.86
Ranked 114th. 6% more than Pakistan
63.83
Ranked 120th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 228,586
Ranked 12th.
1.74 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Bangladesh

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 13.5%
Ranked 13th.
25.2%
Ranked 5th. 87% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 316.64
Ranked 73th.
354.38
Ranked 63th. 12% more than Bangladesh

Population in largest city 12.43 million
Ranked 9th. 7% more than Pakistan
11.61 million
Ranked 10th.

Population, total 154.7 million
Ranked 9th.
179.16 million
Ranked 7th. 16% more than Bangladesh

Gender ratio > Whole population 95.3%
Ranked 174th. 1% more than Pakistan
94.4%
Ranked 177th.

Literacy > Female 53.4%
Ranked 71st. 33% more than Pakistan
40.3%
Ranked 11th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.185 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st.
10.31 per 1,000 people
Ranked 8th. 56 times more than Bangladesh

Life expectancy at birth > Male 68.48 years
Ranked 146th. 6% more than Pakistan
64.84 years
Ranked 160th.

Net migration -2,040,559
Ranked 192nd. 25% more than Pakistan
-1,634,420
Ranked 191st.

Migration > Refugees 52,220
Ranked 39th.
1.2 million
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than Bangladesh
Cities > Slum population 27.54 million
Ranked 6th.
29.96 million
Ranked 5th. 9% more than Bangladesh

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 5%
Ranked 6th. 92% more than Pakistan
2.6%
Ranked 4th.

Maternal mortality rate 240 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 47th.
260 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 43th. 8% more than Bangladesh

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Female rural population 55.07 million
Ranked 1st. 16% more than Pakistan
47.37 million
Ranked 2nd.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 1.04
Ranked 54th. About the same as Pakistan
1.03
Ranked 55th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 45% of population
Ranked 70th.
66% of population
Ranked 48th. 47% more than Bangladesh

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.141
Ranked 112th.
0.289
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 82.21
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Pakistan
27.99
Ranked 119th.

Languages Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 101.3
Ranked 86th.
123.09
Ranked 61st. 22% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 615.5
Ranked 89th. 6% more than Pakistan
581.78
Ranked 129th.

Rural population per 1000 742.13
Ranked 31st. 16% more than Pakistan
641.94
Ranked 50th.

Future population > Females 107.57 million
Ranked 8th.
116.96 million
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Bangladesh

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 7,200
Ranked 9th.
12,000
Ranked 4th. 67% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 9.3%
Ranked 105th. 21% more than Pakistan
7.7%
Ranked 114th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 8 years
Ranked 177th. The same as Pakistan
8 years
Ranked 174th.
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 7.54
Ranked 115th. 26% more than Pakistan
5.98
Ranked 127th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 45.7
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Pakistan
10.8
Ranked 15th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 13.6%
Ranked 6th. 30% more than Pakistan
10.5%
Ranked 21st.
Gender > Male population per thousand people 507.76
Ranked 30th.
513.58
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Bangladesh

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 350
Ranked 54th.
680
Ranked 53th. 94% more than Bangladesh
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 41.3%
Ranked 1st. 34% more than Pakistan
30.9%
Ranked 1st.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 18.7 years
Ranked 26th.
21.3 years
Ranked 7th. 14% more than Bangladesh
Education expenditures 2.2% of GDP
Ranked 80th.
2.4% of GDP
Ranked 49th. 9% more than Bangladesh

Number of under-five deaths 127,000
Ranked 9th.
409,000
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Number of infant deaths 102,000
Ranked 8th.
330,000
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Bangladesh

GDP per capita > Current US$ $752.16
Ranked 156th.
$1,256.66
Ranked 141st. 67% more than Bangladesh

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 1.86e-07
Ranked 218th.
2.05e-07
Ranked 216th. 11% more than Bangladesh

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 44.81 million
Ranked 17th.
62.08 million
Ranked 11th. 39% more than Bangladesh

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 46.1
Ranked 115th. 7% more than Pakistan
43.22
Ranked 122nd.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 706
Ranked 93th. 10 times more than Pakistan
70
Ranked 141st.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 44.71 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 42nd.
55.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 21st. 25% more than Bangladesh

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Jan 1990 20 Sep 1990
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.1%
Ranked 134th. 9% more than Pakistan
58%
Ranked 164th.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 3
Ranked 33th.
8
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Bangladesh
Gender ratio > Babies 96.1%
Ranked 71st. 1% more than Pakistan
94.9%
Ranked 128th.

Urban population per 1000 248.7
Ranked 163th.
344.14
Ranked 143th. 38% more than Bangladesh

Urban and rural > Male urban population 20.56 million
Ranked 4th.
27.18 million
Ranked 3rd. 32% more than Bangladesh

Urban and rural > Female urban population 18.44 million
Ranked 5th.
25.63 million
Ranked 3rd. 39% more than Bangladesh

Urban and rural > Male rural population 56.54 million
Ranked 1st. 14% more than Pakistan
49.68 million
Ranked 2nd.

Median age > Both sexes 23.5
Ranked 147th. 11% more than Pakistan
21.2
Ranked 170th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 26.36 million
Ranked 9th.
33.62 million
Ranked 5th. 28% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 2.91 million
Ranked 16th.
3.41 million
Ranked 13th. 17% more than Bangladesh

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population DHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 4.816 million; Khulna 1.636 million; Rajshahi 853,000 Karachi 13.125 million; Lahore 7.132 million; Faisalabad 2.849 million; Rawalpindi 2.026 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 832,000
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 8 years
Ranked 181st. 14% more than Pakistan
7 years
Ranked 185th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.088 per capita
Ranked 88th. 17% more than Pakistan
0.075 per capita
Ranked 98th.

Literacy > Male 62%
Ranked 193th.
68.6%
Ranked 185th. 11% more than Bangladesh

Infant mortality rate > Male 49.79 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 46th.
62.56 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 27th. 26% more than Bangladesh

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 2
Ranked 30th.
5
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Bangladesh
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 15% of population
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than Pakistan
4% of population
Ranked 77th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 8%
Ranked 108th. 14% more than Pakistan
7%
Ranked 117th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 56% of population
Ranked 103th. 17% more than Pakistan
48% of population
Ranked 114th.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.659
Ranked 66th.
1.84
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Total Population per capita 1.03
Ranked 67th.
1.05
Ranked 50th. 2% more than Bangladesh
Gender ratio > Urban population 84.5%
Ranked 65th.
94.2%
Ranked 39th. 11% more than Bangladesh
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 3.5%
Ranked 164th.
4.2%
Ranked 135th. 20% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 178.17
Ranked 68th.
201.3
Ranked 46th. 13% more than Bangladesh

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.5%
Ranked 39th.
2.2%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Bangladesh
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 10%
Ranked 108th.
12%
Ranked 95th. 20% more than Bangladesh
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 21
Ranked 7th. 17% more than Pakistan
18
Ranked 16th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 106.4
Ranked 166th. 2% more than Pakistan
103.9
Ranked 170th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 124.2
Ranked 168th. 27% more than Pakistan
97.7
Ranked 189th.

Religions Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 20% of population
Ranked 71st. 82% more than Pakistan
11% of population
Ranked 95th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.251 per capita
Ranked 167th.
0.349 per capita
Ranked 148th. 39% more than Bangladesh

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 158.81
Ranked 113th.
190.08
Ranked 91st. 20% more than Bangladesh

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.223
Ranked 116th.
0.532
Ranked 67th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Major infectious diseases > Animal contact disease rabies rabies
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 2.09
Ranked 56th.
4.39
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 18.04 million
Ranked 13th.
27.68 million
Ranked 7th. 53% more than Bangladesh

Gender development 0.468
Ranked 118th. The same as Pakistan
0.468
Ranked 117th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 5.5%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than Pakistan
5.4%
Ranked 13th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 61.2%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Pakistan
27%
Ranked 18th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 8 years
Ranked 180th. The same as Pakistan
8 years
Ranked 177th.
Median age > Male 23.4 years
Ranked 151st. 5% more than Pakistan
22.2 years
Ranked 167th.

Cities > Slum population per thousand people 184.22
Ranked 22nd. 5% more than Pakistan
176.17
Ranked 23th.

Cities > Slum population proportion 61.6%
Ranked 17th. 32% more than Pakistan
46.6%
Ranked 27th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 8 years
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Pakistan
7 years
Ranked 62nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 2.1
Ranked 10th.
2.3
Ranked 11th. 10% more than Bangladesh
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 8 years
Ranked 9th. 14% more than Pakistan
7 years
Ranked 62nd.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 117.42 million
Ranked 4th. 9% more than Pakistan
107.63 million
Ranked 6th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 95.4
Ranked 50th. 4% more than Pakistan
91.8
Ranked 36th.
Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 84.5
Ranked 65th.
94.2
Ranked 39th. 11% more than Bangladesh
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 17.09
Ranked 160th.
22.86
Ranked 131st. 34% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 33.4%
Ranked 80th.
37.8%
Ranked 60th. 13% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 320.79
Ranked 100th. 10% more than Pakistan
292.93
Ranked 146th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 2.53 million
Ranked 24th.
3.82 million
Ranked 15th. 51% more than Bangladesh

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 13%
Ranked 106th.
25%
Ranked 65th. 92% more than Bangladesh
Female population > Age 15-19 8.63 million
Ranked 6th.
9.11 million
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Bangladesh
Median age > Female 24.4 years
Ranked 153th. 9% more than Pakistan
22.3 years
Ranked 169th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 686.89
Ranked 141st. 2 times more than Pakistan
312.2
Ranked 156th.

Migration > Internally displaced persons > Number, high estimate 500,000
Ranked 11th.
900,000
Ranked 6th. 80% more than Bangladesh

Cities > Rate of urbanization 3.5%
Ranked 40th. 17% more than Pakistan
3%
Ranked 51st.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 57% of population
Ranked 156th.
72% of population
Ranked 139th. 26% more than Bangladesh

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 65.77 per 1 million people
Ranked 110th.
187.52 per 1 million people
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 275.49
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Pakistan
255.04
Ranked 92nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 43.7
Ranked 63th.
89.5
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes Bangladeshi law provides for penal sanctions for the contraction of under-age marriages, though such unions are not considered invalid. Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page ).
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa on arrival Visa required
Future population > Males per thousand people 563.41
Ranked 9th. 9% more than Pakistan
514.99
Ranked 42nd.
International migrant stock, total 1.09 million
Ranked 41st.
4.23 million
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Bangladesh

International migrant stock, total per 1000 7.18
Ranked 171st.
24.45
Ranked 129th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 380
Ranked 50th.
500
Ranked 43th. 32% more than Bangladesh
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 170
Ranked 128th. 55% more than Pakistan
110
Ranked 136th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0016
Ranked 141st.
0.00349
Ranked 134th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 69
Ranked 28th. 33% more than Pakistan
52
Ranked 90th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,026
Ranked 69th.
33,634
Ranked 3rd. 33 times more than Bangladesh
Migration > Refugees per 1000 0.486
Ranked 74th.
10.83
Ranked 25th. 22 times more than Bangladesh
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.3%
Ranked 27th.
0.9%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 19.68
Ranked 128th.
20.41
Ranked 122nd. 4% more than Bangladesh

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 24.86 million
Ranked 9th.
31.74 million
Ranked 5th. 28% more than Bangladesh

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 42%
Ranked 85th. The same as Pakistan
42%
Ranked 82nd.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 33,230
Ranked 39th.
133,280
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Bangladesh
Total Population > Female 71.81 million
Ranked 8th.
81.04 million
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Bangladesh
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 1.03 million
Ranked 35th.
3.55 million
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Future population > Females per thousand people 539.24
Ranked 25th. 11% more than Pakistan
486.18
Ranked 149th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 380
Ranked 37th.
530
Ranked 25th. 39% more than Bangladesh
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 106.4%
Ranked 166th. 2% more than Pakistan
103.9%
Ranked 170th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 124.2
Ranked 168th. 27% more than Pakistan
97.7
Ranked 189th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 109.4
Ranked 165th. 4% more than Pakistan
104.9
Ranked 174th.

Female population > Age 25-29 6.25 million
Ranked 7th.
6.26 million
Ranked 6th. About the same as Bangladesh
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 61.72
Ranked 23th. About the same as Pakistan
61.43
Ranked 26th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 38.12
Ranked 65th. 16% more than Pakistan
32.8
Ranked 138th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 92.51
Ranked 109th.
129.77
Ranked 30th. 40% more than Bangladesh
Male population > Age 25-29 6.44 million
Ranked 7th.
6.69 million
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Bangladesh
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 60.32
Ranked 22nd. 5% more than Pakistan
57.68
Ranked 42nd.
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 44.94
Ranked 111th.
62.92
Ranked 38th. 40% more than Bangladesh
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 122.05
Ranked 22nd. 2% more than Pakistan
119.11
Ranked 36th.
Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 129.15
Ranked 76th.
156.95
Ranked 61st. 22% more than Bangladesh

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 75.51%
Ranked 129th. 7% more than Pakistan
70.81%
Ranked 142nd.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 71.33%
Ranked 95th. 7% more than Pakistan
66.81%
Ranked 113th.

Fertility > Completeness of birth registration, urban > % 12.8%
Ranked 42nd.
32%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bangladesh
Rural population > % of total population 71.11%
Ranked 32nd. 12% more than Pakistan
63.45%
Ranked 51st.

Total population > Age 65-69 2.16 million
Ranked 15th.
2.7 million
Ranked 11th. 25% more than Bangladesh
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 60.91%
Ranked 111th. 5% more than Pakistan
57.87%
Ranked 122nd.

Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 8.99
Ranked 129th.
12.36
Ranked 48th. 37% more than Bangladesh
Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total 25.7%
Ranked 173th.
34.9%
Ranked 151st. 36% more than Bangladesh

Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual % 3.13%
Ranked 48th.
3.3%
Ranked 43th. 5% more than Bangladesh

Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total 3.89%
Ranked 121st.
4.03%
Ranked 118th. 4% more than Bangladesh

Structure > Population > Female > % of total 49.43%
Ranked 150th. 2% more than Pakistan
48.51%
Ranked 166th.

Female population > Age 75-79 per 1000 2.75
Ranked 169th.
4.04
Ranked 131st. 47% more than Bangladesh
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access landing permit issued on arrival Visa required
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 168.01
Ranked 72nd.
190.06
Ranked 55th. 13% more than Bangladesh

Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 54
Ranked 80th. 93% more than Pakistan
28
Ranked 131st.
Total population > Age 55-59 3.98 million
Ranked 10th. 4% more than Pakistan
3.83 million
Ranked 12th.
Total population > Age 35-39 8.88 million
Ranked 9th.
9.48 million
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Bangladesh
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 4.37
Ranked 49th. 8% more than Pakistan
4.03
Ranked 98th.
CPIA social protection rating 3.5
Ranked 36th. 17% more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 40th.
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 6.03
Ranked 152nd. 5% more than Pakistan
5.72
Ranked 163th.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.58
Ranked 168th.
0.73
Ranked 142nd. 26% more than Bangladesh
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 40
Ranked 126th.
43
Ranked 122nd. 8% more than Bangladesh
Male population > Age 40-44 3.76 million
Ranked 10th.
3.98 million
Ranked 8th. 6% more than Bangladesh
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.95
Ranked 169th.
1.18
Ranked 137th. 24% more than Bangladesh
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.47
Ranked 153th.
1.63
Ranked 136th. 11% more than Bangladesh
HIV/AIDS > Deaths fewer than 200 5800
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.0244
Ranked 135th.
0.0569
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 333.94
Ranked 73th. 9% more than Pakistan
307.13
Ranked 129th.

Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 63.25
Ranked 7th. 22% more than Pakistan
52.04
Ranked 51st.
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 4.58%
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Pakistan
1.06%
Ranked 48th.
Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 120.63
Ranked 56th.
156.35
Ranked 66th. 30% more than Bangladesh

Population growth > Annual % 1.86%
Ranked 62nd.
2.41%
Ranked 33th. 30% more than Bangladesh

Male population > Age 35-39 4.48 million
Ranked 9th.
4.89 million
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Bangladesh
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 43% of population
Ranked 42nd. 54% more than Pakistan
28% of population
Ranked 57th.

Major infectious diseases > Vectorborne diseases dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations dengue fever and malaria
Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $76.54%
Ranked 6th. 27% more than Pakistan
$60.19%
Ranked 5th.

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 70.8%
Ranked 44th. 31% more than Pakistan
54.2%
Ranked 151st.

Total population > Age 10-14 13.24 million
Ranked 8th.
20.5 million
Ranked 5th. 55% more than Bangladesh
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 11.85
Ranked 17th. 4% more than Pakistan
11.35
Ranked 37th.
Total population 147.37 million
Ranked 7th.
165.8 million
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Bangladesh
Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 61
Ranked 124th. 24% more than Pakistan
49
Ranked 132nd.
Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin 26,268 (Burma) 1,043,984 (Afghanistan)
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 35.48%
Ranked 71st.
38.28%
Ranked 60th. 8% more than Bangladesh

Urban population growth > Annual % 3.38%
Ranked 44th.
3.45%
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Bangladesh

Female population > Age 50-54 2.51 million
Ranked 10th.
2.55 million
Ranked 9th. 2% more than Bangladesh

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.