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Crime Stats: compare key data on Estonia & Turkey

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Definitions

  • Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Assault rate: Number of assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes): Suicides per 100’000 residents per year.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Rapes: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year.
  • Violent crime > Rapes per million people: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Total crimes per 1000: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Murders > Per capita: Number of convictions for intentional homicides in the given year. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Murders: Number of convictions for intentional homicides in the given year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Sentence Length: Total average sentence length served
  • Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole: Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Convictions: Number of people convicted of a crime.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted: Worries being insulted. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being insulted or pestered by anybody, while in the street or any other public place?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Serious assaults: Number of major assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence: Mandatory sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drug related crime: Number of drug related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Judges: Number of professional judges per 100,000 population.
  • Murders per million: Number of convictions for intentional homicides in the given year. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drugs > HIV testing amongst drug users: Estimated percentage of injecting drug users who have been tested for HIV.
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Judges and Magistrates: Number of Judges and Magistrates
  • Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21: Under age of 18 (or 21).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Acquitted: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Drugs > HIV infections amongst drug users: Percentage of injecting drug users who are HIV positive.
  • Convictions per 1000: Number of people convicted of a crime. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Punishment > Has life imprisonment: Life imprisonment.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Car thefts per 1000: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen: Worries things from car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having things stolen from your car?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Has indefinite sentence: Indefinite sentence (excl. preventive or psychiatric detainment).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Adults prosecuted: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Judges and Magistrates per million: Number of Judges and Magistrates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen: Worries car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having your car stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Acquitted per 1000: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Jails: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Manslaughters: Total recorded non-intentional homicides. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Adults prosecuted per 1000: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prisoners > Foreign prisoners: Prisoners who are foreign nationals, expressed as a percentage share of total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
  • Frauds per 1000: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Jails per million: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002.
  • Convictions > Juveniles: Number of juveniles who were convicted of a crime in the given year.
  • Manslaughters per million: Total recorded non-intentional homicides. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Convictions > Female: Proportion of all adult convictions that were of women.
  • Convictions > Juveniles per million: Number of juveniles who were convicted of a crime in the given year. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Convictions > Female per million: Proportion of all adult convictions that were of women. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Courts > % of managers surveyed lacking confidence in courts to uphold property rights: Lack confidence that courts uphold property rights is the share of senior managers who do not agree with the statement: “I am confident that the judicial system will enforce my contractual and property rights in business disputes.”
  • % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Crime measures the share of senior managers who ranked crime, theft, and disorder as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales: Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson (% sales). Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson are the estimated losses from those causes that occurred on establishments' premises as a percentage of annual sales.
  • Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Corruption measures the share of senior managers who ranked corruption as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Courts measure the share of senior managers who ranked courts and dispute resolution systems as a major or very severe constraint.
STAT Estonia Turkey HISTORY
Age of criminal responsibility 14
Ranked 25th. 17% more than Turkey
12
Ranked 32nd.
Assault rate 291.5
Ranked 27th. 51% more than Turkey
192.7
Ranked 32nd.
Crime levels 23.75
Ranked 15th.
35.81
Ranked 61st. 51% more than Estonia
Drugs > Annual cannabis use 6%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Turkey
1.9%
Ranked 8th.
Drugs > Opiates use 0.81%
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Turkey
0.05%
Ranked 13th.
Murder rate 7.1 3.8
Police officers 240.8
Ranked 22nd. 33 times more than Turkey
7.4
Ranked 1st.

Rape rate 6
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Turkey
1.5
Ranked 71st.

Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes) 14.8
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey
3.62
Ranked 10th.
Total crimes 57,799
Ranked 54th.
286,482
Ranked 32nd. 5 times more than Estonia
Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 9.2
Ranked 63th.
12.5
Ranked 51st. 36% more than Estonia
Violent crime > Murder rate 70
Ranked 63th.
2,320
Ranked 38th. 33 times more than Estonia

Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 52.23
Ranked 41st. 58% more than Turkey
32.97
Ranked 107th.

Violent crime > Rapes 81
Ranked 42nd.
1,071
Ranked 30th. 13 times more than Estonia

Violent crime > Rapes per million people 60.44
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Turkey
15.22
Ranked 72nd.

Total crimes per 1000 42.54
Ranked 19th. 10 times more than Turkey
4.41
Ranked 69th.
Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 1,991
Ranked 9th. About the same as Turkey
1,984
Ranked 14th.
Violent crime > Murders per million people 52.23
Ranked 41st. 58% more than Turkey
32.97
Ranked 107th.

Violent crime > Murders 70
Ranked 63th.
2,320
Ranked 38th. 33 times more than Estonia

Burglaries 40.5
Ranked 15th.
216.9
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than Estonia
Murders > Per capita 79.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 5th.
184.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Estonia
Robberies 74.7
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Turkey
28.5
Ranked 50th.

Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 45.24
Ranked 17th.
54.13
Ranked 73th. 20% more than Estonia
Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 32.95
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Turkey
25.45
Ranked 56th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 68.18
Ranked 4th. 22% more than Turkey
55.91
Ranked 39th.
Kidnappings 0.07
Ranked 52nd.
14.84
Ranked 1st. 212 times more than Estonia
Murders > Per 100,000 people 8.9
Ranked 49th. 29% more than Turkey
6.9
Ranked 59th.
Prisoners 4,571 prisoners
Ranked 101st.
64,051 prisoners
Ranked 20th. 14 times more than Estonia
Assaults 291.5
Ranked 17th. 51% more than Turkey
192.7
Ranked 22nd.
Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Auto theft 46.5
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Turkey
45.9
Ranked 37th.

Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 15.48
Ranked 17th.
28.6
Ranked 64th. 85% more than Estonia
Murders > WHO 6.7
Ranked 82nd. 2 times more than Turkey
2.9
Ranked 113th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 96.59
Ranked 1st. 21% more than Turkey
79.91
Ranked 46th.

United States extradition treaties > Entered into force November 15, 1924<br>May 7, 1935 January 1, 1981
Prisoners > Per capita 339 per 100,000 people
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Turkey
92 per 100,000 people
Ranked 99th.
Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence Some cases of murder, some cases of handling drugs, crimes against humanity, genocide, acts of war against civilians, terrorism, violence against the independence of Estonia, causing an explosion using nuclear energy. Sexual offences, military and political crimes
Murders 106%
Ranked 22nd.
13,424%
Ranked 1st. 127 times more than Estonia
Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 29.35
Ranked 15th.
38.06
Ranked 56th. 30% more than Estonia
Software piracy rate 51%
Ranked 69th.
65%
Ranked 50th. 27% more than Estonia
Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 35.23
Ranked 15th.
38.99
Ranked 72nd. 11% more than Estonia
Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 34.09
Ranked 14th. 15% more than Turkey
29.73
Ranked 74th.
Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery 35.53
Ranked 13th.
56.58
Ranked 60th. 59% more than Estonia
Sentence Length 55
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than Turkey
9
Ranked 37th.
Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole Never Life imprisonment: 24 years (30 if organized crime), Multiple life imprisonments: 30 years (34 if organized crime), Aggravated life imprisonment: 30 years (36 if organized crime), Multiple aggravated life imprisonments: 36 years (40 if organized crime), or never (aggravated life imprisonment for terrorism)
Convictions 9,746
Ranked 29th.
918,936
Ranked 1st. 94 times more than Estonia
Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted 29.76
Ranked 12th.
41.9
Ranked 41st. 41% more than Estonia
Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 25
Ranked 16th.
38.86
Ranked 54th. 55% more than Estonia
Illicit drugs growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs since joining the European Union and the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime and drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates and ecstasy key transit route for Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, the US - via air, land, and sea routes; major Turkish and other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul; laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin exist in remote regions of Turkey and near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation and over output of poppy straw concentrate; lax enforcement of money-laundering controls
Frauds 1,802
Ranked 47th.
10,696
Ranked 26th. 6 times more than Estonia
Serious assaults 10.5
Ranked 32nd.
154.7
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Estonia
Prisoners per 1000 3.36 prisoners
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Turkey
0.985 prisoners
Ranked 91st.
Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence None Murder with special cirucumstances, treason, terrorism
Drug related crime 73
Ranked 24th. 18 times more than Turkey
4
Ranked 63th.
Judges 17.9%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Turkey
8.6%
Ranked 29th.

Murders per million 78.9%
Ranked 5th.
195.61%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Estonia
Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 26.14
Ranked 15th.
43.86
Ranked 51st. 68% more than Estonia
Drugs > HIV testing amongst drug users 39.32%
Ranked 28th. 5 times more than Turkey
8%
Ranked 36th.
Prisoners > Female 5.2%
Ranked 44th. 41% more than Turkey
3.7%
Ranked 77th.
Judges and Magistrates 228
Ranked 49th.
6,041
Ranked 8th. 26 times more than Estonia
Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21 Maximum length 10 years Maximum 24 years
Acquitted 297
Ranked 47th.
306,445
Ranked 2nd. 1032 times more than Estonia
Drugs > HIV infections amongst drug users 52.42%
Ranked 1st. 35 times more than Turkey
1.5%
Ranked 37th.
Convictions per 1000 7.25
Ranked 15th.
13.39
Ranked 3rd. 85% more than Estonia
Punishment > Has life imprisonment Yes Yes
Car thefts 2,322
Ranked 45th.
14,954
Ranked 27th. 6 times more than Estonia
Car thefts per 1000 1.71
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than Turkey
0.23
Ranked 48th.
Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen 45.45
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Turkey
44.91
Ranked 61st.
Punishment > Has indefinite sentence Yes ( de facto ) Yes
Adults prosecuted 11,377
Ranked 37th.
2.06 million
Ranked 2nd. 181 times more than Estonia
Prosecutors 14.2%
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Turkey
4.8%
Ranked 29th.

Judges and Magistrates per million 167.81
Ranked 13th. 81% more than Turkey
92.91
Ranked 33th.
Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen 26.14
Ranked 14th.
34.03
Ranked 56th. 30% more than Estonia
Acquitted per 1000 0.219
Ranked 32nd.
4.71
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Estonia
Prison staff 109.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Turkey
35.3%
Ranked 37th.

Jails 7
Ranked 69th.
504
Ranked 9th. 72 times more than Estonia
Manslaughters 27
Ranked 43th.
2,175
Ranked 7th. 81 times more than Estonia
Adults prosecuted per 1000 8.37
Ranked 20th.
31.68
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Estonia
Prisoners > Foreign prisoners 35.8%
Ranked 14th. 21 times more than Turkey
1.7%
Ranked 59th.
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 94.2%
Ranked 100th. 3% more than Turkey
91.1%
Ranked 103th.
Frauds per 1000 1.33
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than Turkey
0.164
Ranked 59th.
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses 332
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Turkey
132
Ranked 11th.

Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million 247.11
Ranked 2nd. 128 times more than Turkey
1.92
Ranked 30th.

Jails per million 5.15
Ranked 26th.
7.75
Ranked 16th. 50% more than Estonia
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 23.7%
Ranked 91st.
51%
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Estonia
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines 10.5
Ranked 57th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Convictions > Juveniles 1,181
Ranked 25th.
22,596
Ranked 5th. 19 times more than Estonia
Manslaughters per million 19.87
Ranked 13th.
33.45
Ranked 9th. 68% more than Estonia
United States extradition treaties > Date signed November 8, 1923<br>October 10, 1934 June 7, 1979
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million 7.73
Ranked 14th.
0.0
Ranked 138th.
Convictions > Female 7%
Ranked 30th. The same as Turkey
7%
Ranked 29th.
Convictions > Juveniles per million 879.02
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey
329.26
Ranked 20th.
Convictions > Female per million 5.21%
Ranked 5th. 51 times more than Turkey
0.102%
Ranked 31st.
Courts > % of managers surveyed lacking confidence in courts to uphold property rights 29.57%
Ranked 26th. 4% more than Turkey
28.47%
Ranked 30th.
% of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 1.86%
Ranked 36th.
18.17%
Ranked 8th. 10 times more than Estonia
Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales 0.9%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Turkey
0.4%
Ranked 7th.

Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 4.19%
Ranked 34th.
16.73%
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than Estonia
Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 1.86%
Ranked 36th.
25.54%
Ranked 5th. 14 times more than Estonia

SOURCES: Wikipedia: Defense of infancy (Ages of criminal responsibility by country); European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; crime; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. "World Drug Report 2006" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006. http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2009/WDR2009_eng_web.pdf); UN Crime Stats; Wikipedia: List of countries by suicide rate (Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table) ); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); Annexe I of the Small Arms Survey 2007 ; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Capital punishment in Europe (Abolition); European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Survey of Crime Trends, at http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/IHS-rates-05012009.pdf.; Wikipedia: Life imprisonment (Summary by country); World Health Organisation.; Wikipedia: List of United States extradition treaties; International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Source tables; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Source tables; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys

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