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People Stats: compare key data on Ethiopia & Jamaica

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Percentage: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number per thousand people: This entry is derived from People > Child labor > Children ages 5-14, which gives the percent of children aged 5-14 (or the age range specified) engaged in child labor. We define “child labor” as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses, and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often a very early age. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Cities > Slum population: Slum population in urban areas.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000: Total Jew population by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Slum population proportion: Slum population as percentage of urban, percentage.
  • Cities > Slum population per thousand people: Slum population in urban areas. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Access to electricity > % of population: Access to electricity (% of population). Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.
  • Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males: People - Women - Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2002
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population). Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees: Date of ratification of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. "a" denotes accession. "d" denotes succession.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males: People - Women - Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2000
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Skilled attendant at delivery %: People - Women - Skilled attendant at delivery (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Ethiopia Jamaica HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 43.06 years
Ranked 131st.
47.24 years
Ranked 71st. 10% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.51%
Ranked 69th. 11% more than Jamaica
14.87%
Ranked 134th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 40.2 million
Ranked 11th. 132 times more than Jamaica
305,181
Ranked 146th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.55%
Ranked 67th. 10% more than Jamaica
10.52%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 28.12 million
Ranked 11th. 130 times more than Jamaica
215,895
Ranked 145th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 64.54%
Ranked 133th.
78.65%
Ranked 80th. 22% more than Ethiopia

Birth rate 38.07 births/1,000 population
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Jamaica
18.65 births/1,000 population
Ranked 103th.

Death rate 8.87 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 70th. 34% more than Jamaica
6.63 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 146th.

Ethnic groups Oromo 34.5%, Amhara (Amara) 26.9%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrigna) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% black 91.2%, mixed 6.2%, other or unknown 2.6%
Gender > Female population 123.17 million
Ranked 9th. 120 times more than Jamaica
1.03 million
Ranked 146th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 19.6
Ranked 33th.
21.2
Ranked 22nd. 8% more than Ethiopia
Population 93.88 million
Ranked 13th. 32 times more than Jamaica
2.91 million
Ranked 139th.

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.03
Ranked 70th.
-0.48
Ranked 211th.

Population growth 0.03%
Ranked 70th.
-0.48%
Ranked 211th.

Population growth rate 2.9%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Jamaica
0.7%
Ranked 141st.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 28.79%
Ranked 130th.
35.06%
Ranked 73th. 22% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 147.94 million
Ranked 9th. 129 times more than Jamaica
1.15 million
Ranked 145th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 13.15 million
Ranked 11th. 131 times more than Jamaica
100,378
Ranked 146th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 1.1%
Ranked 189th.
24.1%
Ranked 65th. 22 times more than Ethiopia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 54.69%
Ranked 67th. 9% more than Jamaica
50.07%
Ranked 118th.

Population in 2015 97,155 thousand
Ranked 12th. 35 times more than Jamaica
2,748 thousand
Ranked 137th.
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 8.13
Ranked 86th. 23% more than Jamaica
6.61
Ranked 130th.

Total fertility rate 5.31 children born/woman
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Jamaica
2.09 children born/woman
Ranked 111th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 22.71%
Ranked 130th.
29.15%
Ranked 76th. 28% more than Ethiopia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.9
Ranked 20th. 43% more than Jamaica
0.63
Ranked 74th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 44.4%
Ranked 13th. 53% more than Jamaica
29%
Ranked 85th.

Gender > Male population 120.25 million
Ranked 9th. 117 times more than Jamaica
1.02 million
Ranked 146th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 70.09 million
Ranked 8th. 97 times more than Jamaica
719,415
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 60.78%
Ranked 64th. 9% more than Jamaica
55.98%
Ranked 117th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 2.8%
Ranked 208th.
7.7%
Ranked 96th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Nationality > Noun Ethiopian(s) Jamaican(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 37.37%
Ranked 130th.
52.08%
Ranked 76th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.4%
Ranked 69th. 10% more than Jamaica
4.89%
Ranked 130th.

Physicians density 0.03 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 50th.
0.41 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 39th. 14 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 55.28 million
Ranked 9th. 92 times more than Jamaica
598,267
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 133.13 million
Ranked 9th. 130 times more than Jamaica
1.03 million
Ranked 145th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 17.35 million
Ranked 8th. 74 times more than Jamaica
235,852
Ranked 139th.

Cities > Urban population 31,018
Ranked 212th.
70,285
Ranked 114th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Nationality > Adjective Ethiopian Jamaican
Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 116th. 1% more than Jamaica
0.98 male(s)/female
Ranked 127th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.11%
Ranked 69th. 11% more than Jamaica
9.98%
Ranked 136th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 212th.
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 104th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 7.13%
Ranked 134th.
11.49%
Ranked 87th. 61% more than Ethiopia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Percentage 53%
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than Jamaica
6%
Ranked 15th.
Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.04
Ranked 152nd.
1.05
Ranked 99th. 1% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 27.05 million
Ranked 11th. 132 times more than Jamaica
204,803
Ranked 146th.

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
-5.88 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 159th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 19.6
Ranked 39th.
21.2
Ranked 25th. 8% more than Ethiopia
Future population change 73,946.8
Ranked 30th.
-9,975.6
Ranked 124th.

Urban population 11.4 million
Ranked 45th. 8 times more than Jamaica
1.41 million
Ranked 134th.

Urbanization in 2015 22%
Ranked 157th.
63.5%
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -4,777.984 per 1 million people
Ranked 112th.
-28,659.258 per 1 million people
Ranked 158th. 6 times more than Ethiopia

Median age > Total 17.5 years
Ranked 214th.
24.6 years
Ranked 148th. 41% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 60 years
Ranked 191st.
73.44 years
Ranked 120th. 22% more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural > Urban population 13.22 million
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than Jamaica
1.45 million
Ranked 60th.

Projected population growth 164.22%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Jamaica
48.04%
Ranked 72nd.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 21.2
Ranked 22nd.
33.2
Ranked 1st. 57% more than Ethiopia
Age structure > 15-64 years 52.6%
Ranked 216th.
62.8%
Ranked 153th. 19% more than Ethiopia

Literacy > Total population 39%
Ranked 210th.
87%
Ranked 149th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 79.2%
Ranked 21st. 89% more than Jamaica
41.8%
Ranked 98th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 25.7
Ranked 22nd.
34.8
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than Ethiopia
Gender > Women aged 15-49 50.65 million
Ranked 10th. 133 times more than Jamaica
382,138
Ranked 146th.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.17%
Ranked 98th. 2% more than Jamaica
26.57%
Ranked 140th.

Percentage living in urban areas 16%
Ranked 194th.
52%
Ranked 112th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > Net migration -340,460
Ranked 161st. 4 times more than Jamaica
-76,076
Ranked 125th.

Population > CIA Factbook 82.54 million
Ranked 15th. 29 times more than Jamaica
2.8 million
Ranked 138th.

Teenage pregancy rate 101.62
Ranked 29th. 33% more than Jamaica
76.62
Ranked 44th.

Population density 80.71
Ranked 96th.
248.13
Ranked 38th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female
Ranked 219th.
1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 159th. 3% more than Ethiopia

Percentage living in rural areas. 84%
Ranked 8th. 75% more than Jamaica
48%
Ranked 84th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 58.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than Jamaica
13.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 120th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 29.1%
Ranked 215th.
36%
Ranked 162nd. 24% more than Ethiopia
Urban and rural > Rural population 66 million
Ranked 4th. 53 times more than Jamaica
1.24 million
Ranked 52nd.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.62
Ranked 118th.
0.709
Ranked 48th. 14% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 15-24 years 19.9%
Ranked 63th.
21.8%
Ranked 11th. 10% more than Ethiopia
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 160.07
Ranked 81st.
537.28
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Rural population 59.86 million
Ranked 8th. 48 times more than Jamaica
1.24 million
Ranked 121st.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 62,889
Ranked 22nd. 69 times more than Jamaica
909
Ranked 91st.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 26.55 million
Ranked 110th.
314.11 million
Ranked 51st. 12 times more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 4.77
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Jamaica
2.31
Ranked 102nd.

Age structure > 55-64 years 3.9%
Ranked 200th.
5.5%
Ranked 147th. 41% more than Ethiopia
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 121st. The same as Jamaica
18
Ranked 65th.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 499.79
Ranked 116th.
515.46
Ranked 24th. 3% more than Ethiopia

Future population > Males 68.35 million
Ranked 9th. 47 times more than Jamaica
1.44 million
Ranked 136th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 9 years
Ranked 169th.
14 years
Ranked 63th. 56% more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 34.09
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Jamaica
15.23
Ranked 129th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.96
Ranked 182nd.
0.98
Ranked 147th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.209
Ranked 44th.
7.29
Ranked 11th. 35 times more than Ethiopia
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 85.5%
Ranked 20th. 58% more than Jamaica
54%
Ranked 91st.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 89.39 sq. km
Ranked 100th.
249.91 sq. km
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 522.66
Ranked 176th.
640.58
Ranked 107th. 23% more than Ethiopia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 44% of population
Ranked 153th.
93% of population
Ranked 63th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 201.73
Ranked 49th. 10% more than Jamaica
183.24
Ranked 105th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number 10.69 million
Ranked 3rd. 278 times more than Jamaica
38,516
Ranked 82nd.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 30.8%
Ranked 1st. 44 times more than Jamaica
0.7%
Ranked 59th.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 62.35 years
Ranked 189th.
75.15 years
Ranked 129th. 21% more than Ethiopia

Hospital bed density 6.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Jamaica
1.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 50th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 28.6%
Ranked 15th.
69%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Contraceptive prevalence rate 28.6%
Ranked 5th.
69%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 15.8
Ranked 60th. 93% more than Jamaica
8.2
Ranked 126th.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 798.78
Ranked 4th. 74% more than Jamaica
459.57
Ranked 24th.

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 20,000
Ranked 14th. 67 times more than Jamaica
300
Ranked 39th.
Urbanization 16
Ranked 198th.
57
Ranked 103th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 6.3%
Ranked 139th.
12.2%
Ranked 70th. 94% more than Ethiopia
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.83 male(s)/female
Ranked 88th. 2% more than Jamaica
0.81 male(s)/female
Ranked 98th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 46.5
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Jamaica
14.4
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 51.21
Ranked 144th.
107.3
Ranked 73th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 121,886
Ranked 20th. 4688 times more than Jamaica
26
Ranked 140th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 26.3%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Jamaica
11.7%
Ranked 8th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 444.28
Ranked 17th. 51% more than Jamaica
294.73
Ranked 86th.

Population, total 91.73 million
Ranked 14th. 34 times more than Jamaica
2.71 million
Ranked 140th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 111th.
102.7%
Ranked 78th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Literacy > Female 28.9%
Ranked 8th.
91.8%
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 1.01 per 1,000 people
Ranked 64th. 68 times more than Jamaica
0.015 per 1,000 people
Ranked 127th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 57.73 years
Ranked 192nd.
71.81 years
Ranked 106th. 24% more than Ethiopia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 > Total number per thousand people 113.91
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Jamaica
13.24
Ranked 73th.
Net migration -60,001
Ranked 140th.
-80,000
Ranked 146th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugees 284,930
Ranked 15th. 5699 times more than Jamaica
50
Ranked 104th.
Cities > Slum population 10.43 million
Ranked 10th. 12 times more than Jamaica
839,692.81
Ranked 64th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 6%
Ranked 1st. 15 times more than Jamaica
0.4%
Ranked 43th.
Maternal mortality rate 350 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Jamaica
110 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 65th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None 13
Urban and rural > Female rural population 32.88 million
Ranked 2nd. 54 times more than Jamaica
610,254
Ranked 44th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.999
Ranked 95th.
1.04
Ranked 49th. 4% more than Ethiopia

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 81% of population
Ranked 30th. 5 times more than Jamaica
18% of population
Ranked 101st.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.562
Ranked 21st. 21 times more than Jamaica
0.027
Ranked 136th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 80.7
Ranked 40th. 13% more than Jamaica
71.51
Ranked 52nd.

Languages Oromo (official regional) 33.8%, Amharic (official) 29.3%, Somali 6.2%, Tigrayan (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Guragiegna 2%, Afar 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) English, English patois
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 504.51
Ranked 176th.
612.89
Ranked 94th. 21% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 158.9
Ranked 33th. 74% more than Jamaica
91.19
Ranked 102nd.

Rural population per 1000 785.84
Ranked 18th. 67% more than Jamaica
469.73
Ranked 88th.

Future population > Females 68.7 million
Ranked 9th. 46 times more than Jamaica
1.48 million
Ranked 138th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 9,000
Ranked 7th. 158 times more than Jamaica
57
Ranked 107th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 9 years
Ranked 169th.
12.9 years
Ranked 1st. 43% more than Ethiopia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 24.9%
Ranked 36th.
30.1%
Ranked 21st. 21% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 4.34
Ranked 148th.
19.83
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 23.1
Ranked 5th. 46 times more than Jamaica
0.5
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 29.4%
Ranked 3rd.
37.9%
Ranked 9th. 29% more than Ethiopia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 500.21
Ranked 74th. About the same as Jamaica
499.45
Ranked 83th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over has ever attended school
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 29.2%
Ranked 2nd. 15 times more than Jamaica
1.9%
Ranked 22nd.
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 20.5 years
Ranked 24th.
33.2 years
Ranked 2nd. 62% more than Ethiopia
Education expenditures 4.7% of GDP
Ranked 24th.
6.4% of GDP
Ranked 11th. 36% more than Ethiopia

Number of under-five deaths 205,000
Ranked 6th. 205 times more than Jamaica
1,000
Ranked 124th.

Number of infant deaths 140,000
Ranked 6th. 140 times more than Jamaica
1,000
Ranked 118th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $453.57
Ranked 174th.
$5,440.45
Ranked 89th. 12 times more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 1.9e-07
Ranked 217th.
1.92e-05
Ranked 88th. 101 times more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 14.33 million
Ranked 40th. 10 times more than Jamaica
1.45 million
Ranked 130th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 33.06
Ranked 146th.
79.61
Ranked 69th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 274
Ranked 113th.
135,950
Ranked 9th. 496 times more than Ethiopia
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 49.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Jamaica
13.38 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 109th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 51.4%
Ranked 209th.
60.6%
Ranked 150th. 18% more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 1
Ranked 112th.
0.0
Ranked 124th.
Gender ratio > Babies 98.3%
Ranked 23th. 3% more than Jamaica
95%
Ranked 123th.

Urban population per 1000 149.68
Ranked 184th.
531.82
Ranked 102nd. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural > Male urban population 6.58 million
Ranked 17th. 9 times more than Jamaica
700,957
Ranked 50th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 33.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 52 times more than Jamaica
633,576
Ranked 44th.

Urban and rural > Female urban population 6.65 million
Ranked 17th. 9 times more than Jamaica
753,196
Ranked 51st.

Median age > Both sexes 16.8
Ranked 217th.
23.9
Ranked 142nd. 42% more than Ethiopia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 947,323
Ranked 36th. 10 times more than Jamaica
93,415
Ranked 127th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 18.92 million
Ranked 10th. 42 times more than Jamaica
455,871
Ranked 123th.

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population ADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.863 million KINGSTON (capital) 580,000
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 8 years
Ranked 182nd.
14 years
Ranked 63th. 75% more than Ethiopia

Infant mortality rate > Male 66.58 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Jamaica
14.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 125th.

Literacy > Male 49.1%
Ranked 202nd.
82.1%
Ranked 157th. 67% more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 75th.
0.0
Ranked 105th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 21% of population
Ranked 143th.
80% of population
Ranked 76th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 3% of population
Ranked 89th. 50% more than Jamaica
2% of population
Ranked 98th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 19.5%
Ranked 48th.
23.9%
Ranked 33th. 23% more than Ethiopia

Number of infant deaths per 1000 1.53
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Jamaica
0.369
Ranked 79th.

Total Population per capita 0.982
Ranked 141st.
1.04
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Ethiopia
Gender ratio > Urban population 101.1%
Ranked 42nd.
109.5%
Ranked 13th. 8% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 229.03
Ranked 16th. 35% more than Jamaica
169.65
Ranked 78th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 2.7%
Ranked 198th.
7.4%
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 65th.
2%
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than Ethiopia
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000 0.27
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Jamaica
0.114
Ranked 32nd.
Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 140.7
Ranked 133th. 9% more than Jamaica
128.7
Ranked 160th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 116.2
Ranked 130th. 4% more than Jamaica
111.4
Ranked 149th.

Religions Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% Protestant 62.5% (Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Other Church of God 8.3%, Baptist 7.2%, New Testament Church of God 6.3%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.3%, Anglican 3.6%, other Christian 7.7%), Roman Catholic 2.6%, other or unspecified 14.2%, none 20.9%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 66% of population
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Jamaica
12% of population
Ranked 89th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.16 per capita
Ranked 186th.
0.531 per capita
Ranked 105th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 268.42
Ranked 49th. 39% more than Jamaica
193.75
Ranked 87th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.76
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than Jamaica
0.166
Ranked 127th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 12.23
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Jamaica
1.84
Ranked 64th.

Gender development 0.313
Ranked 137th.
0.739
Ranked 65th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 28.6%
Ranked 15th.
69%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 0.2%
Ranked 20th.
24%
Ranked 1st. 120 times more than Ethiopia

Median age > Male 17.3 years
Ranked 212th.
24.1 years
Ranked 147th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Cities > Slum population proportion 76.4%
Ranked 5th. 26% more than Jamaica
60.54%
Ranked 28th.
Cities > Slum population per thousand people 122.91
Ranked 33th.
316.82
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 8 years
Ranked 59th.
15 years
Ranked 39th. 88% more than Ethiopia
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 2.5
Ranked 7th. 13 times more than Jamaica
0.2
Ranked 16th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 68.5 million
Ranked 8th. 55 times more than Jamaica
1.26 million
Ranked 119th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 101.1
Ranked 42nd.
109.5
Ranked 13th. 8% more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 99.2
Ranked 28th. 3% more than Jamaica
96.4
Ranked 37th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 46%
Ranked 12th. 44% more than Jamaica
32%
Ranked 86th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 262.12
Ranked 172nd.
320.75
Ranked 101st. 22% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.25 million
Ranked 36th. 11 times more than Jamaica
114,971
Ranked 130th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 15.15
Ranked 178th.
42.78
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Female population > Age 15-19 4.17 million
Ranked 13th. 28 times more than Jamaica
149,224
Ranked 127th.
Median age > Female 17.6 years
Ranked 216th.
25.2 years
Ranked 145th. 43% more than Ethiopia

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 1,364.76
Ranked 114th.
3,474.6
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Cities > Rate of urbanization 4.3%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Jamaica
0.9%
Ranked 158th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 29% of population
Ranked 185th.
78% of population
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 773.86 per 1 million people
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Jamaica
294.54 per 1 million people
Ranked 71st.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 228.71
Ranked 164th.
267.17
Ranked 51st. 17% more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 74.2
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than Jamaica
18.9
Ranked 105th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa on arrival Visa not required
Future population > Males per thousand people 511.86
Ranked 44th. 2% more than Jamaica
503.22
Ranked 63th.
International migrant stock, total per 1000 6.29
Ranked 178th.
11.09
Ranked 164th. 76% more than Ethiopia

International migrant stock, total 547,984
Ranked 61st. 18 times more than Jamaica
29,962
Ranked 164th.

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 850
Ranked 22nd. 10 times more than Jamaica
87
Ranked 94th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 1,000
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than Jamaica
400
Ranked 75th.
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 67
Ranked 148th.
370
Ranked 106th. 6 times more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 148th.
35
Ranked 113th. 94% more than Ethiopia
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0106
Ranked 116th.
0.0632
Ranked 56th. 6 times more than Ethiopia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 7,096
Ranked 29th. 47 times more than Jamaica
152
Ranked 125th.
Migration > Refugees per 1000 5.93
Ranked 39th. 283 times more than Jamaica
0.0209
Ranked 100th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 1.2%
Ranked 2nd. 12 times more than Jamaica
0.1%
Ranked 28th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 19.02 million
Ranked 10th. 43 times more than Jamaica
440,928
Ranked 122nd.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 11.47
Ranked 183th.
34.76
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 19,715
Ranked 58th.
123,420
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Ethiopia
Total Population > Female 37.48 million
Ranked 16th. 27 times more than Jamaica
1.4 million
Ranked 136th.
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 554,021
Ranked 60th. 20 times more than Jamaica
27,178
Ranked 155th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 25.8 years
Ranked 15th.
34.6 years
Ranked 2nd. 34% more than Ethiopia
Future population > Females per thousand people 516.5
Ranked 56th.
516.97
Ranked 53th. The same as Ethiopia
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 870
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than Jamaica
97
Ranked 73th.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 140.7
Ranked 133th. 9% more than Jamaica
128.7
Ranked 160th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 116.2%
Ranked 130th. 4% more than Jamaica
111.4%
Ranked 149th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 119.6
Ranked 136th. 2% more than Jamaica
117.4
Ranked 145th.

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 62.7
Ranked 41st. 5% more than Jamaica
59.75
Ranked 55th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 54.83
Ranked 73th.
56.74
Ranked 56th. 3% more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 29.9
Ranked 164th.
39.59
Ranked 50th. 32% more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 25-29 2.92 million
Ranked 17th. 25 times more than Jamaica
117,414
Ranked 136th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 125.44
Ranked 50th. 4% more than Jamaica
121.01
Ranked 55th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 54.71
Ranked 64th.
56.3
Ranked 50th. 3% more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 25-29 2.85 million
Ranked 17th. 23 times more than Jamaica
123,970
Ranked 133th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 109.54
Ranked 66th.
113.05
Ranked 50th. 3% more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.68
Ranked 179th.
2.59
Ranked 104th. 54% more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 7.89
Ranked 158th.
12.96
Ranked 87th. 64% more than Ethiopia
Access to electricity > % of population 23%
Ranked 76th.
92%
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 102
Ranked 162nd.
105
Ranked 123th. 3% more than Ethiopia
Urbanization in 1975 9.5%
Ranked 155th.
44.1%
Ranked 78th. 5 times more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 35-39 3.74 million
Ranked 23th. 24 times more than Jamaica
157,757
Ranked 138th.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.9
Ranked 119th.
4.26
Ranked 62nd. 9% more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 5
Ranked 197th.
5.72
Ranked 162nd. 14% more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.46
Ranked 195th.
1.5
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 27
Ranked 133th.
99
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 40-44 1.55 million
Ranked 26th. 24 times more than Jamaica
64,150
Ranked 140th.
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.79
Ranked 196th.
1.86
Ranked 89th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.2
Ranked 191st.
2.24
Ranked 98th. 87% more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 45.45
Ranked 100th.
52.09
Ranked 49th. 15% more than Ethiopia
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 3.26%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Jamaica
1.14%
Ranked 45th.
Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 80.49
Ranked 72nd.
278.29
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Population growth > Annual % 1.83%
Ranked 64th. 4 times more than Jamaica
0.47%
Ranked 151st.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 71% of population
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Jamaica
22% of population
Ranked 68th.

Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $66.00%
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Jamaica
$5.44%
Ranked 33th.

Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 83.8%
Ranked 9th. 32% more than Jamaica
63.3%
Ranked 93th.

Total population > Age 10-14 9.55 million
Ranked 11th. 30 times more than Jamaica
320,735
Ranked 123th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 288,844
Ranked 11th. 14442 times more than Jamaica
20
Ranked 155th.

Rural population growth > Annual % 1.57%
Ranked 43th.
-0.08%
Ranked 125th.

Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 11.16
Ranked 47th. 3% more than Jamaica
10.86
Ranked 65th.
Total population 74.78 million
Ranked 16th. 27 times more than Jamaica
2.76 million
Ranked 137th.
Migration > Refugees > Convention on refugees 10 Nov 1969 a 30 Jul 1964 d
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 20.75 million
Ranked 21st. 25 times more than Jamaica
837,241
Ranked 139th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 21.66 million
Ranked 20th. 25 times more than Jamaica
861,906
Ranked 137th.

Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 66
Ranked 121st.
109
Ranked 2nd. 65% more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.16
Ranked 183th.
1.38
Ranked 139th. 19% more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 65-69 476,223
Ranked 33th. 15 times more than Jamaica
32,282
Ranked 135th.
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.11
Ranked 185th.
3.53
Ranked 118th. 14% more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 70-74 323,139
Ranked 34th. 12 times more than Jamaica
27,729
Ranked 132nd.
Female population > Age 60-64 654,771
Ranked 30th. 18 times more than Jamaica
37,099
Ranked 133th.
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 6
Ranked 172nd.
95
Ranked 76th. 16 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 1.21
Ranked 180th.
6.97
Ranked 38th. 6 times more than Ethiopia
GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $253.07
Ranked 177th.
$4,178.91
Ranked 89th. 17 times more than Ethiopia
Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 50.9%
Ranked 66th.
89.21%
Ranked 83th. 75% more than Ethiopia

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 50.54%
Ranked 69th.
86.82%
Ranked 88th. 72% more than Ethiopia

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 78.2%
Ranked 13th. 39% more than Jamaica
56.1%
Ranked 69th.

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 47.04%
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Jamaica
45.48%
Ranked 77th.

Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 30.5
Ranked 177th.
36.75
Ranked 91st. 21% more than Ethiopia
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.79
Ranked 51st. 71% more than Jamaica
0.462
Ranked 67th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 8 years
Ranked 92nd.
15 years
Ranked 39th. 88% more than Ethiopia
Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 34% of population
Ranked 189th.
88% of population
Ranked 103th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
GDP per capita growth > Annual % 5.7%
Ranked 21st.
-0.657%
Ranked 154th.

Total Population > Male per 1000 489.75
Ranked 125th.
514.31
Ranked 61st. 5% more than Ethiopia

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. 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World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; UNICEF; https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Rv2hLhme008J:www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf+world+jewish+population+2010&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShFmlEo2XYeBjYVUGgz_STm8ZXvaFqIMHdpfxUC8uWpDuLqb9l7GvJbF2piXHqxgDaGkOY3jfCA_RkpUlKLSByoSQC3cLV-5LcpxgXggqUIYwzK9hdfmwVv4Sz0BdeFMxJ_-2To&sig=AHIEtbT5tVUek4PSi_N_5f0Dwe-11sBzMg, Number 2 - 2010. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Sergio DellaPergola. p. 60.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Treaty Collection; World Bank national accounts data; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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