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Crime Stats: compare key data on Finland & Japan

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Definitions

  • Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Assault rate: Number of assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Rapes: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year.
  • Violent crime > Rapes per million people: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Total crimes per 1000: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Rapes > Per capita: Number of sexual assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Rape victims: People victimized by sexual assault (as a % of the total population). Data refer to female population only. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Serious assault rate: Number of major assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Assault victims: People victimized by assault (as a % of the total population). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevelence.
  • Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use: Adult lifetime cannabis use.
  • Total crime victims: People victimized by crime (as a % of the total population). Data refer to people victimized by one or more of 11 crimes recorded in the survey: robbery, burglary, attempted burglary, car theft, car vandalism, bicycle theft, sexual assault, theft from car, theft of personal property, assault and threats. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole: Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted: Worries being insulted. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being insulted or pestered by anybody, while in the street or any other public place?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Serious assaults: Number of major assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Murders committed by youths: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999).
  • Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence: Mandatory sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drug related crime: Number of drug related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Judges: Number of professional judges per 100,000 population.
  • Property crime victims: People victimized by property crime (as a % of the total population). Includes car theft, theft from car, burglary with entry and attempted burglary. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drug trafficking: Number of drug trafficking related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Robbery victims: People victimized by robbery (as a % of the total population). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 15-24: Suicide rates per 100,000 people by given age group, late 1990s.
  • Judges and Magistrates: Number of Judges and Magistrates
  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country.
  • Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21: Under age of 18 (or 21).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Acquitted: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Drugs > HIV infections amongst drug users: Percentage of injecting drug users who are HIV positive.
  • Punishment > Has life imprisonment: Life imprisonment.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Car thefts per 1000: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Perception of safety > Walking in dark: Proportions in International Crime Victims Survey 2000 reporting that they feel safe walking in the dark.
  • Murders committed by youths per million: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen: Worries things from car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having things stolen from your car?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Corruption > Police recorded offences: Number of corruption-related offences as recorded by police in that country.
  • Punishment > Has indefinite sentence: Indefinite sentence (excl. preventive or psychiatric detainment).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Adults prosecuted: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Judges and Magistrates per million: Number of Judges and Magistrates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen: Worries car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having your car stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Acquitted per 1000: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Believe in police efficiency: Proportion of people in international Crime Victims Survey 2000 who say police do a good job in controlling crime in their area.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Jails: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Bribery > Passive bribery: Number of passive bribery related offences as recorded by police in that country. Passive bribery is the offence commited by the person who pays or promises to pay the bribe.
  • Manslaughters: Total recorded non-intentional homicides. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Adults prosecuted per 1000: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Perception of safety > Burglary: Proportions in International Crime Victims Survey 2000 reporting that they feel only a small risk of burglary.
  • Prisoners > Foreign prisoners: Prisoners who are foreign nationals, expressed as a percentage share of total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 25-34: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country.
  • Frauds per 1000: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Corruption > Police recorded offences per million: Number of corruption-related offences as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Counterfeiting: Number of conterfeiting offences as recorded by police in that country.
  • Bribery > Passive bribery per million: Number of passive bribery related offences as recorded by police in that country. Passive bribery is the offence commited by the person who pays or promises to pay the bribe. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Embezzlements: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Jails per million: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Embezzlements per million: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Suicide rates > Ages above 75: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 35-44: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Reporting to police: Proportions in International Crime Victims Survey 2000 who feel they can report crimes to police - perception.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 45-54: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 65-74: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002.
  • Suicide rates > Ages 55-64: Suicide rates per 100,000 people in the given age group, late 1990s.
  • Manslaughters per million: Total recorded non-intentional homicides. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Murders: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Adults: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Adults per 1000: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Females prosecuted: Total number of female prisoners. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prosecutions > Murders per million: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Females prosecuted per 1000: Total number of female prisoners. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Convictions: Number of people convicted for smuggling migrants by country.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Counterfeiting per million: Number of conterfeiting offences as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles per million: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Convictions per million: Number of people convicted for smuggling migrants by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Finland Japan HISTORY
Age of criminal responsibility 15
Ranked 11th. 25% more than Japan
12
Ranked 37th.
Assault rate 586.9
Ranked 14th. 12 times more than Japan
51
Ranked 56th.
Crime levels 22.92
Ranked 81st. 79% more than Japan
12.8
Ranked 18th.
Drugs > Annual cannabis use 3.1%
Ranked 16th. 31 times more than Japan
0.1%
Ranked 7th.
Drugs > Opiates use 0.1%
Ranked 10th. The same as Japan
0.1%
Ranked 8th.
Murder rate 2.5 1.02
Police officers 157.9
Ranked 26th.
199.8
Ranked 23th. 27% more than Finland

Rape rate 15.2
Ranked 17th. 15 times more than Japan
1
Ranked 52nd.

Total crimes 520,194
Ranked 23th.
2.85 million
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Finland
Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 32
Ranked 8th. 53 times more than Japan
0.6
Ranked 158th.
Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 1.64
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Japan
0.35
Ranked 44th.

Violent crime > Murder rate 118
Ranked 58th.
506
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Finland

Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 22
Ranked 53th. 6 times more than Japan
3.97
Ranked 111th.

Violent crime > Rapes 818
Ranked 22nd.
1,289
Ranked 18th. 58% more than Finland

Violent crime > Rapes per million people 152.52
Ranked 16th. 15 times more than Japan
10.11
Ranked 52nd.

Total crimes per 1000 100.03
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Japan
22.39
Ranked 36th.
Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 1,944
Ranked 28th.
2,013
Ranked 13th. 4% more than Finland
Violent crime > Murders per million people 22
Ranked 53th. 6 times more than Japan
3.97
Ranked 111th.

Violent crime > Murders 118
Ranked 58th.
506
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Finland

Burglaries 467.2
Ranked 17th. Twice as much as Japan
234
Ranked 2nd.
Rapes > Per capita 0.141 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 10 times more than Japan
0.014 per 1,000 people
Ranked 45th.
Robberies 32.3
Ranked 44th. 8 times more than Japan
4
Ranked 63th.

Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 64
Ranked 48th. 35% more than Japan
47.56
Ranked 16th.
Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 28.5
Ranked 46th. 20% more than Japan
23.72
Ranked 13th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 73.5
Ranked 12th.
87.8
Ranked 1st. 19% more than Finland
Kidnappings 0.02
Ranked 12th.
0.15
Ranked 46th. 8 times more than Finland
Rape victims 1.1%
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Japan
0.1%
Ranked 20th.
Prisoners 3,433 prisoners
Ranked 108th.
69,502 prisoners
Ranked 19th. 20 times more than Finland
Assaults 586.9
Ranked 8th. 12 times more than Japan
51
Ranked 41st.
Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Auto theft 290.3
Ranked 10th. 10 times more than Japan
28.3
Ranked 46th.

Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 23.5
Ranked 73th. 71% more than Japan
13.75
Ranked 18th.
Murders > WHO 2.6
Ranked 115th. 5 times more than Japan
0.5
Ranked 180th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 87.76
Ranked 23th.
90.24
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Finland

Serious assault rate 39.1
Ranked 26th. 46% more than Japan
26.7
Ranked 32nd.
United States extradition treaties > Entered into force May 11, 1980 March 26, 1980
Assault victims 2.1%
Ranked 6th. 21 times more than Japan
0.1%
Ranked 20th.
Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use 12.9%
Ranked 8th. 9 times more than Japan
1.5%
Ranked 7th.
Total crime victims 19.1%
Ranked 16th. 26% more than Japan
15.2%
Ranked 20th.
Prisoners > Per capita 71 per 100,000 people
Ranked 114th. 31% more than Japan
54 per 100,000 people
Ranked 126th.
Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence Genocide, high treason, espionage, war crimes, homicidal terrorist act Death sentence due to foreign aggression
Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 31
Ranked 69th. 96% more than Japan
15.79
Ranked 17th.
Software piracy rate 25%
Ranked 102nd. 9% more than Japan
23%
Ranked 103th.
Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 43
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Japan
18.13
Ranked 18th.
Drug offences 13,857 per 100,000 people
Ranked 16th.
26,477 per 100,000 people
Ranked 10th. 91% more than Finland
Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 33
Ranked 71st. 2 times more than Japan
14.37
Ranked 18th.
Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery 25
Ranked 85th.
27.14
Ranked 16th. 9% more than Finland
Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole 12 years for court release, any time for presidential pardon 10 years or never
Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted 32
Ranked 66th. 31% more than Japan
24.38
Ranked 14th.
Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 21.94
Ranked 81st. 85% more than Japan
11.88
Ranked 18th.
Frauds 15,605
Ranked 20th.
49,482
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Finland
Serious assaults 39.1
Ranked 14th. 46% more than Japan
26.7
Ranked 20th.
Prisoners per 1000 0.66 prisoners
Ranked 117th. 21% more than Japan
0.545 prisoners
Ranked 129th.
Murders committed by youths 19
Ranked 58th.
127
Ranked 32nd. 7 times more than Finland
Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence Murder Varies by prefecture (Murder)
Drug related crime 253
Ranked 10th. 15 times more than Japan
17
Ranked 51st.
Judges 13.1%
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Japan
2.6%
Ranked 40th.

Property crime victims 4.4%
Ranked 18th. 29% more than Japan
3.4%
Ranked 19th.
Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 25
Ranked 85th. 54% more than Japan
16.25
Ranked 18th.
Drug trafficking 92
Ranked 2nd.
0.0
Ranked 44th.
Robbery victims 0.6%
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than Japan
0.1%
Ranked 20th.
Prisoners > Female 5.6%
Ranked 36th.
5.7%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Finland
Suicide rates > Ages 15-24 22.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Japan
8.6 per 100,000 people
Ranked 13th.
Judges and Magistrates 682
Ranked 32nd.
3,094
Ranked 13th. 5 times more than Finland
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted 7
Ranked 26th.
17
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Finland

Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21 under 18 : max. 15 years' imprisonment under 21 : minimum 10 years for parole request Yes
Acquitted 2,925
Ranked 28th. 40 times more than Japan
73
Ranked 55th.
Drugs > HIV infections amongst drug users 0.73%
Ranked 53th. 24 times more than Japan
0.03%
Ranked 60th.
Punishment > Has life imprisonment Yes Yes
Car thefts 23,115
Ranked 25th.
62,673
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Finland
Car thefts per 1000 4.44
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than Japan
0.492
Ranked 43th.
Perception of safety > Walking in dark 81%
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Japan
78%
Ranked 7th.
Murders committed by youths per million 3.68
Ranked 50th. 4 times more than Japan
1
Ranked 66th.
Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen 28.57
Ranked 81st. 94% more than Japan
14.74
Ranked 18th.
Corruption > Police recorded offences 71
Ranked 26th.
158
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Finland

Punishment > Has indefinite sentence Yes Yes
Adults prosecuted 173,332
Ranked 12th. 6% more than Japan
162,882
Ranked 13th.
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million 1.33
Ranked 25th. 10 times more than Japan
0.133
Ranked 31st.

Prosecutors 6.9%
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Japan
2%
Ranked 42nd.

Judges and Magistrates per million 131.14
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Japan
24.28
Ranked 54th.
Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen 21
Ranked 81st. 87% more than Japan
11.25
Ranked 18th.
Acquitted per 1000 0.562
Ranked 17th. 982 times more than Japan
0.000573
Ranked 59th.
Believe in police efficiency 70%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Japan
69%
Ranked 10th.
Prison staff 52.5%
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than Japan
12.8%
Ranked 48th.

Jails 37
Ranked 43th.
181
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Finland
Bribery > Passive bribery 7
Ranked 20th.
110
Ranked 5th. 16 times more than Finland

Manslaughters 27
Ranked 44th.
193
Ranked 22nd. 7 times more than Finland
Adults prosecuted per 1000 33.33
Ranked 3rd. 26 times more than Japan
1.28
Ranked 39th.
Perception of safety > Burglary 84%
Ranked 1st. 95% more than Japan
43%
Ranked 15th.
Prisoners > Foreign prisoners 7.9%
Ranked 39th. 22% more than Japan
6.5%
Ranked 42nd.
Suicide rates > Ages 25-34 33 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan
14.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 11th.
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 107.1%
Ranked 82nd. 1% more than Japan
106.5%
Ranked 84th.
Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted 9
Ranked 3rd. The same as Japan
9
Ranked 2nd.
Frauds per 1000 3
Ranked 6th. 8 times more than Japan
0.388
Ranked 43th.
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses 3
Ranked 45th.
72
Ranked 14th. 24 times more than Finland

Corruption > Police recorded offences per million 13.48
Ranked 21st. 11 times more than Japan
1.24
Ranked 40th.

Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million 0.57
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Japan
0.564
Ranked 42nd.

Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million 1.71
Ranked 2nd. 24 times more than Japan
0.0704
Ranked 14th.
Counterfeiting 2,344
Ranked 12th.
3,765
Ranked 8th. 61% more than Finland
Bribery > Passive bribery per million 1.33
Ranked 17th. 54% more than Japan
0.861
Ranked 20th.

Embezzlements 3,243
Ranked 19th. 51% more than Japan
2,151
Ranked 25th.
Jails per million 7.11
Ranked 18th. 5 times more than Japan
1.42
Ranked 73th.
Embezzlements per million 623.58
Ranked 4th. 37 times more than Japan
16.88
Ranked 49th.
Suicide rates > Ages above 75 23.3 per 100,000 people
Ranked 9th.
42.3 per 100,000 people
Ranked 6th. 82% more than Finland
Suicide rates > Ages 35-44 44 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
16.2 per 100,000 people
Ranked 9th.
Reporting to police 41%
Ranked 15th. 5% more than Japan
39%
Ranked 17th.
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 12.7%
Ranked 125th.
17.3%
Ranked 115th. 36% more than Finland
Suicide rates > Ages 45-54 43.4 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 83% more than Japan
23.7 per 100,000 people
Ranked 8th.
Suicide rates > Ages 65-74 28.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 7th. 19% more than Japan
23.7 per 100,000 people
Ranked 8th.
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines 0.1
Ranked 121st.
0.0
Ranked 123th.
Suicide rates > Ages 55-64 43.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 64% more than Japan
26.7 per 100,000 people
Ranked 7th.
Manslaughters per million 5.19
Ranked 38th. 3 times more than Japan
1.51
Ranked 61st.
Prosecutions > Murders 185%
Ranked 35th.
696%
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Finland
Prosecutions > Adults 12,419
Ranked 32nd.
178,689
Ranked 6th. 14 times more than Finland
Prosecutions > Adults per 1000 2.36
Ranked 26th. 69% more than Japan
1.4
Ranked 33th.
Females prosecuted 27,784
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Japan
13,491
Ranked 12th.
Prosecutions > Murders per million 35.13%
Ranked 26th. 6 times more than Japan
5.45%
Ranked 51st.
United States extradition treaties > Date signed June 11, 1976 March 3, 1978<br>August 5, 2003
Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million 2.85
Ranked 37th. 13 times more than Japan
0.227
Ranked 46th.

Females prosecuted per 1000 5.34
Ranked 3rd. 50 times more than Japan
0.106
Ranked 22nd.
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million 0.0192
Ranked 113th.
0.0
Ranked 121st.
Smuggling of migrants > Convictions 7
Ranked 23th.
12
Ranked 19th. 71% more than Finland

Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences 15
Ranked 38th.
29
Ranked 32nd. 93% more than Finland

Prosecutions > Juveniles 11,138
Ranked 11th. 8 times more than Japan
1,351
Ranked 24th.
Counterfeiting per million 446.81
Ranked 6th. 15 times more than Japan
29.47
Ranked 33th.
Prosecutions > Juveniles per million 2,114.97
Ranked 3rd. 200 times more than Japan
10.57
Ranked 40th.
Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted 3
Ranked 36th.
72
Ranked 9th. 24 times more than Finland

Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million 0.57
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Japan
0.564
Ranked 35th.

Smuggling of migrants > Convictions per million 1.33
Ranked 20th. 14 times more than Japan
0.0939
Ranked 33th.

Prosecutions > Adults > Females 18%
Ranked 6th. Twice as much as Japan
9%
Ranked 23th.
Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million 3.42%
Ranked 11th. 49 times more than Japan
0.0704%
Ranked 36th.

SOURCES: Wikipedia: Defense of infancy (Ages of criminal responsibility by country); European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; crime; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. "World Drug Report 2006" . 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; Statistics : Crime : Sexual Violence (UNODC) and Crime Statistics : Sexual Violence Against Children and Rape, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Capital punishment in Europe (Abolition); European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; UNICRI (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute). 2002. Correspondence on data on crime victims. March. Turin; Wikipedia: Life imprisonment (Summary by country); World Health Organisation.; Wikipedia: List of United States extradition treaties; Mostly Table GPS-8 Part (i) ''Lifetime prevalence of drug use among all adults (aged 15 to 64 years old) in nationwide surveys among the general population'' EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction) unless otherwise referred on Wikipedia: Adult lifetime cannabis use by country; International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002; GECD Society at a Glance 2001, Statistical Annex Table D3; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Source tables; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); UN International Crime Victims' Survey; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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