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Labor Stats: compare key data on Malaysia & Singapore

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Definitions

  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age: years
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • One-person and family businesses > Women: Percentage of employed women who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of employed men older than 14 years who are self-employed without employees.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men: Percentage of employed men who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
STAT Malaysia Singapore HISTORY
Employment rate > Adults 60.5
Ranked 66th.
61.6
Ranked 56th. 2% more than Malaysia

Expense > Current LCU 203.77 billion
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Singapore
44.88 billion
Ranked 74th.

GNI > Current US$ $293.36 billion
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Singapore
$271.59 billion
Ranked 33th.

GNI > Current US$ per capita $10,032.80
Ranked 56th.
$51,122.93
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Hours worked > Standard workweek 48 hours
Ranked 42nd. 9% more than Singapore
44 hours
Ranked 67th.
Labor force 11.62 million
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Singapore
3.08 million
Ranked 81st.

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 14.5%, industry 36%, services 49.5% manufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 13%
Ranked 24th. 130 times more than Singapore
0.1%
Ranked 21st.
Labor force > By occupation > Industry 36%
Ranked 4th. 19% more than Singapore
30.2%
Ranked 4th.
Labor force > By occupation > Services 51%
Ranked 33th.
69.7%
Ranked 6th. 37% more than Malaysia
Labor force per 1000 410.95
Ranked 80th.
605.71
Ranked 8th. 47% more than Malaysia

Labor force, total 12.72 million
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Singapore
3.02 million
Ranked 103th.

Labor force, total per 1000 434.95
Ranked 113th.
568.8
Ranked 14th. 31% more than Malaysia

Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage RM 900 per month on the peninsula, and RM 800 per month for the states of Sabah, Sarawak, and Labuan. None
Unemployment rate 3.5%
Ranked 83th. 67% more than Singapore
2.1%
Ranked 86th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 60.6%
Ranked 24th.
63.5%
Ranked 14th. 5% more than Malaysia

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 88 weeks of wages
Ranked 30th. 22 times more than Singapore
4 weeks of wages
Ranked 159th.

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 24,679.32
Ranked 64th.
56,849.3
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Expense > Current LCU per capita 6,968.79
Ranked 8th.
8,657.72
Ranked 70th. 24% more than Malaysia

Employment rate > Women 43.2
Ranked 101st.
50.9
Ranked 60th. 18% more than Malaysia

Labor force > Total 11.73 million
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Singapore
2.61 million
Ranked 101st.

Industrial workers > Male 33%
Ranked 35th. The same as Singapore
33%
Ranked 33th.
Employment rate > Men 77.4
Ranked 42nd. 7% more than Singapore
72.4
Ranked 68th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 76.1%
Ranked 10th. 4% more than Singapore
72.9%
Ranked 11th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 76.1%
Ranked 10th. 4% more than Singapore
72.9%
Ranked 11th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 23511000000 8706000000
Force > Total > Per capita 0.435 per capita
Ranked 104th.
0.51 per capita
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Malaysia

Force > Total 11.02 million
Ranked 41st. 5 times more than Singapore
2.21 million
Ranked 110th.

Female decision makers 20%
Ranked 55th.
23%
Ranked 50th. 15% more than Malaysia
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 77.5%
Ranked 44th.
91.9%
Ranked 14th. 19% more than Malaysia

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 34.9%
Ranked 25th.
36%
Ranked 19th. 3% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 11.3%
Ranked 63th. 69% more than Singapore
6.7%
Ranked 68th.

GNI > Current LCU 905.21 billion
Ranked 88th. 3 times more than Singapore
341.64 billion
Ranked 102nd.

Female economic activity 48.4%
Ranked 94th.
50.1%
Ranked 84th. 4% more than Malaysia
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women 19.9%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Singapore
7.1%
Ranked 34th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 44.5%
Ranked 51st.
54.5%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 44.5%
Ranked 51st.
54.5%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than Malaysia

Labor force > Per capita 421.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.
605.71 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 44% more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 76.9%
Ranked 122nd.
84.69%
Ranked 78th. 10% more than Malaysia
Industrial workers > Female 29%
Ranked 4th. 26% more than Singapore
23%
Ranked 12th.
Employment rate > Young adults 44.5
Ranked 66th. 18% more than Singapore
37.6
Ranked 98th.

Female professionals 45%
Ranked 52nd. 7% more than Singapore
42%
Ranked 54th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-11,674,530,021.63
Ranked 143th. 4 times more than Singapore
$-3,115,863,110.62
Ranked 127th.

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 10
Ranked 145th.
0.0
Ranked 165th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 75.5%
Ranked 38th.
81.2%
Ranked 28th. 8% more than Malaysia

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 16.1%
Ranked 41st.
0.0
Ranked 71st.

Service workers > Male 46%
Ranked 56th.
67%
Ranked 3rd. 46% more than Malaysia
Female economic activity growth 8%
Ranked 50th.
-1%
Ranked 117th.
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men 22.7%
Ranked 27th. 97% more than Singapore
11.5%
Ranked 31st.

Employment rate > Young women 37.4
Ranked 67th. 2% more than Singapore
36.7
Ranked 69th.

Employment rate > Young men 51.3
Ranked 70th. 34% more than Singapore
38.4
Ranked 119th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 26.58%
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Singapore
9.72%
Ranked 126th.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $25,590.00
Ranked 46th.
$45,786.00
Ranked 17th. 79% more than Malaysia

GNI > Constant LCU 721.62 billion
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than Singapore
302.01 billion
Ranked 68th.

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 24,679.32
Ranked 64th.
56,849.3
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Malaysia

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $6,516.64
Ranked 41st.
$33,632.67
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Service workers > Female 58%
Ranked 66th.
77%
Ranked 39th. 33% more than Malaysia
Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 11%
Ranked 31st.
0.0
Ranked 71st.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 1.2%
Ranked 61st.
2.2%
Ranked 35th. 83% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 78.4%
Ranked 44th. 8% more than Singapore
72.7%
Ranked 83th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 37.5%
Ranked 78th.
42.1%
Ranked 51st. 12% more than Malaysia

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 45.2%
Ranked 105th.
48%
Ranked 86th. 6% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 10.3%
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Singapore
2.8%
Ranked 46th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 75.04%
Ranked 110th. 3% more than Singapore
72.61%
Ranked 120th.
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 49%
Ranked 55th.
62.9%
Ranked 15th. 28% more than Malaysia

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 4.6%
Ranked 50th.
7%
Ranked 24th. 52% more than Malaysia

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 26.9%
Ranked 7th. 31% more than Singapore
20.5%
Ranked 15th.

Technicians in RandD > Per million people 57.53 per million people
Ranked 35th.
380.97 per million people
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 83.57%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than Singapore
81.88%
Ranked 105th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 33.39%
Ranked 103th. 56% more than Singapore
21.43%
Ranked 145th.
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 57.08%
Ranked 108th.
61.62%
Ranked 98th. 8% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 36.67%
Ranked 104th. 72% more than Singapore
21.33%
Ranked 153th.
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 98.2%
Ranked 32nd. About the same as Singapore
98.07%
Ranked 39th.
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 15
Ranked 83th. The same as Singapore
15
Ranked 38th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 76.89%
Ranked 121st.
81.34%
Ranked 100th. 6% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 28.22%
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Singapore
10.69%
Ranked 145th.
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 8.3%
Ranked 59th. 60% more than Singapore
5.2%
Ranked 56th.

Force > Female > % of total labor force 35.81%
Ranked 144th.
39.91%
Ranked 116th. 11% more than Malaysia

Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 22.8%
Ranked 9th. 30% more than Singapore
17.6%
Ranked 21st.

Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 12.6%
Ranked 33th.
33.3%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 42.79%
Ranked 95th. 58% more than Singapore
27.15%
Ranked 137th.
Employment in industry > % of total employment 28.5%
Ranked 20th. 26% more than Singapore
22.6%
Ranked 39th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -1,232,014,019.734
Ranked 93th. 67% more than Singapore
-737,820,947.218
Ranked 80th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 3.2%
Ranked 78th. The same as Singapore
3.2%
Ranked 62nd.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 35.17%
Ranked 146th.
41.66%
Ranked 110th. 18% more than Malaysia

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 39%
Ranked 66th.
45.2%
Ranked 46th. 16% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 6.9 ratio
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Singapore
1.3 ratio
Ranked 66th.

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 5.5
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Singapore
1.1
Ranked 67th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 62.1%
Ranked 68th.
79.1%
Ranked 37th. 27% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 11.8%
Ranked 60th. 4 times more than Singapore
2.9%
Ranked 46th.
GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 96.65%
Ranked 109th.
98.87%
Ranked 67th. 2% more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 97.85%
Ranked 28th. About the same as Singapore
97.7%
Ranked 35th.
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 97.49%
Ranked 28th. 2% more than Singapore
95.51%
Ranked 98th.
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 92.78%
Ranked 87th. 5% more than Singapore
88.72%
Ranked 133th.
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 8.2%
Ranked 23th. 14 times more than Singapore
0.6%
Ranked 77th.

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 53.39%
Ranked 105th. 8% more than Singapore
49.23%
Ranked 118th.
Force with tertiary education > % of total 7.9%
Ranked 7th.
37.9%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Employers, female > % of employment 1.5%
Ranked 46th.
3.7%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Employers, total > % of employment 3.8%
Ranked 35th.
6%
Ranked 7th. 58% more than Malaysia

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 23%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Singapore
10.8%
Ranked 42nd.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 26.3%
Ranked 26th. 39% more than Singapore
18.9%
Ranked 42nd.

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 25.1%
Ranked 27th. 64% more than Singapore
15.3%
Ranked 46th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 73.1%
Ranked 69th.
75.5%
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Malaysia

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 21.4%
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Singapore
9.3%
Ranked 47th.

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 83.74%
Ranked 71st. 1% more than Singapore
82.78%
Ranked 85th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 74.9%
Ranked 41st.
84.7%
Ranked 20th. 13% more than Malaysia

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 9.8%
Ranked 61st. 4 times more than Singapore
2.8%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 10.3%
Ranked 63th. 54% more than Singapore
6.7%
Ranked 74th.

Force with primary education > % of total 58.8%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Singapore
19.8%
Ranked 24th.

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 59.1%
Ranked 14th. 28% more than Singapore
46.2%
Ranked 25th.

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 17.2%
Ranked 36th.
24.1%
Ranked 26th. 40% more than Malaysia

Labor force with primary education > % of total 19.3%
Ranked 35th.
27.7%
Ranked 24th. 44% more than Malaysia

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 56.3%
Ranked 15th. 16% more than Singapore
48.6%
Ranked 23th.

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 20.5%
Ranked 34th.
30.4%
Ranked 22nd. 48% more than Malaysia

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 51.5%
Ranked 17th.
51.9%
Ranked 16th. 1% more than Malaysia

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 20.3%
Ranked 36th.
23.7%
Ranked 30th. 17% more than Malaysia

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date June 5, 1961 October 25, 1965
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 51.1%
Ranked 80th. 27% more than Singapore
40.3%
Ranked 126th.

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 3.2%
Ranked 77th. 3% more than Singapore
3.1%
Ranked 78th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 38.62%
Ranked 74th. 2 times more than Singapore
16.26%
Ranked 119th.
Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8.3%
Ranked 56th. 2 times more than Singapore
4.1%
Ranked 56th.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 71.5%
Ranked 45th.
82.8%
Ranked 34th. 16% more than Malaysia

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 51.9%
Ranked 37th.
72.8%
Ranked 6th. 40% more than Malaysia

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 2.9%
Ranked 78th. 7% more than Singapore
2.7%
Ranked 80th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 3%
Ranked 80th. 7% more than Singapore
2.8%
Ranked 82nd.

Force > Total per 1000 426.39
Ranked 109th.
519.2
Ranked 26th. 22% more than Malaysia

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 67.2%
Ranked 54th.
81.9%
Ranked 32nd. 22% more than Malaysia

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 17.5%
Ranked 20th. 11 times more than Singapore
1.6%
Ranked 70th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 10%
Ranked 19th. 20 times more than Singapore
0.5%
Ranked 65th.

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 3.5%
Ranked 71st.
5.4%
Ranked 70th. 54% more than Malaysia

Employment in services > % of total employment 56.7%
Ranked 54th.
76.2%
Ranked 7th. 34% more than Malaysia

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 62%
Ranked 110th.
65.1%
Ranked 83th. 5% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 25.1%
Ranked 19th.
43.2%
Ranked 4th. 72% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 14.6%
Ranked 64th.
36%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 54%
Ranked 17th. Twice as much as Singapore
27.04%
Ranked 58th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 11.2%
Ranked 58th.
25.4%
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 34.8%
Ranked 15th.
47.9%
Ranked 5th. 38% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 11.5%
Ranked 44th. 4% more than Singapore
11.1%
Ranked 46th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 10.9%
Ranked 48th. 22% more than Singapore
8.9%
Ranked 58th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 10.5%
Ranked 52nd. 52% more than Singapore
6.9%
Ranked 65th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -3.846%
Ranked 105th. 3 times more than Singapore
-1.134%
Ranked 63th.

GNI growth > Annual % 4.11%
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Singapore
1.01%
Ranked 78th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 30,958.11
Ranked 110th.
64,310.09
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 11%
Ranked 61st. 4 times more than Singapore
2.9%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 3.6%
Ranked 81st.
5.5%
Ranked 68th. 53% more than Malaysia

Force with secondary education > % of total 20.5%
Ranked 5th.
28%
Ranked 33th. 37% more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 95.57%
Ranked 75th. The same as Singapore
95.57%
Ranked 73th.
Compensation of employees > % of expense 29.62%
Ranked 39th.
31.11%
Ranked 33th. 5% more than Malaysia

Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 21%
Ranked 25th.
45.1%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 19%
Ranked 25th.
39.5%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 15.6%
Ranked 36th.
38.8%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 74.82%
Ranked 68th.
81.02%
Ranked 28th. 8% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 77.86%
Ranked 108th.
88.19%
Ranked 41st. 13% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 65.61%
Ranked 79th.
80.1%
Ranked 17th. 22% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 16.96%
Ranked 62nd. 4 times more than Singapore
4.32%
Ranked 123th.
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 55.8%
Ranked 121st.
72.25%
Ranked 77th. 29% more than Malaysia
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-399,266,729.42
Ranked 132nd.
$-586,526,449.56
Ranked 145th. 47% more than Malaysia

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -36,024,000,000
Ranked 112th. 9 times more than Singapore
-3,919,600,000
Ranked 80th.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 14.8%
Ranked 17th. 13 times more than Singapore
1.1%
Ranked 70th.

Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 3.6%
Ranked 82nd.
5.3%
Ranked 66th. 47% more than Malaysia

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 54%
Ranked 23th. 96% more than Singapore
27.5%
Ranked 50th.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 48.1%
Ranked 142nd.
56.73%
Ranked 95th. 18% more than Malaysia

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 8.3%
Ranked 56th. 32% more than Singapore
6.3%
Ranked 55th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 76.82%
Ranked 114th.
79.76%
Ranked 102nd. 4% more than Malaysia
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 45.54%
Ranked 110th. 17% more than Singapore
38.86%
Ranked 122nd.
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 34.42%
Ranked 96th. 72% more than Singapore
20.03%
Ranked 148th.
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 45.8%
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Singapore
22.7%
Ranked 47th.

Employers, male > % of employment 5%
Ranked 37th.
7.9%
Ranked 6th. 58% more than Malaysia

One-person and family businesses > Women 19.9%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Singapore
7.1%
Ranked 34th.

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 97.24%
Ranked 84th.
97.5%
Ranked 61st. About the same as Malaysia
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 29.92%
Ranked 84th. 39% more than Singapore
21.54%
Ranked 128th.
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Date September 9, 1997 November 7, 2005
One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14 17.7%
Ranked 42nd. 54% more than Singapore
11.5%
Ranked 46th.

One-person and family businesses > Men 22.7%
Ranked 27th. 97% more than Singapore
11.5%
Ranked 31st.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 30,958.11
Ranked 110th.
64,310.09
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Expense > % of GDP 21.65%
Ranked 7th. 61% more than Singapore
13.43%
Ranked 97th.

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 44.55%
Ranked 3rd. 191 times more than Singapore
0.234%
Ranked 104th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 69.26%
Ranked 109th. 8% more than Singapore
64.04%
Ranked 125th.
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 68.23%
Ranked 151st. 4% more than Singapore
65.32%
Ranked 153th.
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 57.81%
Ranked 113th. 31% more than Singapore
44.03%
Ranked 130th.
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 59.49%
Ranked 108th.
80.52%
Ranked 44th. 35% more than Malaysia
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 42.9%
Ranked 97th. 21% more than Singapore
35.5%
Ranked 123th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 42.9%
Ranked 118th.
57.2%
Ranked 49th. 33% more than Malaysia

One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage 22.7%
Ranked 27th. 97% more than Singapore
11.5%
Ranked 31st.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 51.4%
Ranked 134th. 20% more than Singapore
42.78%
Ranked 154th.
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 66.2%
Ranked 119th.
69.88%
Ranked 91st. 6% more than Malaysia

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 15.1%
Ranked 23th. 10 times more than Singapore
1.5%
Ranked 85th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 35.7%
Ranked 96th. 4% more than Singapore
34.2%
Ranked 101st.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 57.5%
Ranked 98th.
66.1%
Ranked 43th. 15% more than Malaysia

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 21.4%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Singapore
7%
Ranked 45th.

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 21.3%
Ranked 24th. 92% more than Singapore
11.1%
Ranked 45th.

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 77%
Ranked 42nd.
89.2%
Ranked 23th. 16% more than Malaysia

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 73.7%
Ranked 40th.
81.1%
Ranked 23th. 10% more than Malaysia

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 8.5%
Ranked 13th. 9 times more than Singapore
1%
Ranked 38th.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 2.6%
Ranked 20th. 6 times more than Singapore
0.4%
Ranked 43th.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 4.7%
Ranked 21st. 8 times more than Singapore
0.6%
Ranked 44th.

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 20.3%
Ranked 8th. 22% more than Singapore
16.6%
Ranked 19th.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 33.1%
Ranked 24th. 29% more than Singapore
25.7%
Ranked 58th.

SOURCES: International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a773#MDG, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a116, Percent own-account workers; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a772, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Statistics Division

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