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People Stats: compare key data on Malaysia & Singapore

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 75-79: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Female population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 45-49: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Female population > Age 10-14: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Total population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: This entry gives an estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
    Additional details:
    • Azerbaijan: less than 0.2% (2007)
    • Bangladesh: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Bhutan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Brunei: less than 0.1% (2003)
    • Bulgaria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Comoros: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Croatia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Cuba: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Czech Republic: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Egypt: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Finland: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Georgia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Hungary: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Iraq: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Japan: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Jordan: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Korea, South: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Kyrgyzstan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Macedonia: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Maldives: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Mongolia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Philippines: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Qatar: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Romania: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Slovakia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Slovenia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Sri Lanka: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Syria: less than 0.1% (2001)
    • Tajikistan: less than 0.3% (2007)
    • Tunisia: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkey: less than 0.1% (2009)
    • Turkmenistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
    • Uzbekistan: less than 0.1% (2007)
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Female population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Female population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Female population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Female population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Malaysia Singapore HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 47.13 years
Ranked 74th.
56.43 years
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15%
Ranked 126th. 41% more than Singapore
10.65%
Ranked 196th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.36 million
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
643,369
Ranked 127th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.41%
Ranked 134th. 32% more than Singapore
7.87%
Ranked 196th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.41 million
Ranked 56th. 9 times more than Singapore
475,119
Ranked 126th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 34.81%
Ranked 76th.
45.96%
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 78.2%
Ranked 85th.
102.9%
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Malaysia

Birth rate 20.41 births/1,000 population
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Singapore
7.91 births/1,000 population
Ranked 220th.

Death rate 4.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 184th. 46% more than Singapore
3.41 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 214th.

Ethnic groups Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
Gender > Female population 21.07 million
Ranked 53th. 7 times more than Singapore
3.05 million
Ranked 117th.

Population 29.63 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Singapore
5.46 million
Ranked 115th.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.209
Ranked 130th.
-0.666
Ranked 223th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Population growth -0.209%
Ranked 130th.
-0.666%
Ranked 223th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Population growth rate 1.51%
Ranked 80th.
1.96%
Ranked 55th. 30% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 23.79 million
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Singapore
2.98 million
Ranked 123th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.07 million
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
201,743
Ranked 127th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 14%
Ranked 121st. 97% more than Singapore
7.1%
Ranked 140th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 50.19%
Ranked 115th. 16% more than Singapore
43.39%
Ranked 196th.

Population in 2015 29,558 thousand
Ranked 46th. 6 times more than Singapore
4,815 thousand
Ranked 117th.
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 7.33 million
Ranked 14th. 38% more than Singapore
5.31 million
Ranked 5th.

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.64
Ranked 181st. 3% more than Singapore
4.5
Ranked 184th.

Total fertility rate 2.61 children born/woman
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Singapore
0.79 children born/woman
Ranked 221st.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 28.88%
Ranked 78th.
40.06%
Ranked 1st. 39% more than Malaysia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.59
Ranked 84th. 51% more than Singapore
0.39
Ranked 176th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 29.1%
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than Singapore
13.6%
Ranked 220th.

Gender > Male population 21.33 million
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than Singapore
2.99 million
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.76 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.78 million
Ranked 105th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 56.12%
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Singapore
49.29%
Ranked 196th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.3%
Ranked 132nd.
8.1%
Ranked 90th. 53% more than Malaysia

Nationality > Noun Malaysian(s) Singaporean(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 51.46%
Ranked 81st.
81.29%
Ranked 1st. 58% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.89%
Ranked 132nd. 46% more than Singapore
3.34%
Ranked 196th.

Physicians density 1.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th.
1.92 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 25th. 60% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.25 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.42 million
Ranked 102nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 21.28 million
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Singapore
2.62 million
Ranked 123th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 4.65 million
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Singapore
1.25 million
Ranked 87th.

Cities > Urban population 72,679
Ranked 103th.
100,000
Ranked 1st. 38% more than Malaysia

Nationality > Adjective Malaysian Singapore
Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 7% more than Singapore
0.96 male(s)/female
Ranked 156th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.12%
Ranked 126th. 38% more than Singapore
7.31%
Ranked 196th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 27th. The same as Singapore
1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 14th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 10.97%
Ranked 96th.
20.65%
Ranked 1st. 88% more than Malaysia

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 33th.
1.07
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 4.29 million
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
441,626
Ranked 127th.

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 119th.
6.88 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 16th.

Future population change -88,887.2
Ranked 166th. 2 times more than Singapore
-40,905
Ranked 153th.

Urban population 17.06 million
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Singapore
4.34 million
Ranked 82nd.

Urbanization in 2015 66.4%
Ranked 74th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 51% more than Malaysia
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 5,917.77 per 1 million people
Ranked 66th.
32,014.37 per 1 million people
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Median age > Total 27.4 years
Ranked 127th.
33.6 years
Ranked 76th. 23% more than Malaysia

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.28 years
Ranked 110th.
84.07 years
Ranked 4th. 13% more than Malaysia

Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 25.7
Ranked 16th.
27.9
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 15-64 years 65.5%
Ranked 125th.
78.3%
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than Malaysia

Literacy > Total population 93.1%
Ranked 120th.
95.9%
Ranked 91st. 3% more than Malaysia

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 38.1%
Ranked 107th. 75% more than Singapore
21.8%
Ranked 175th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 28
Ranked 17th.
30.4
Ranked 13th. 9% more than Malaysia
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.73%
Ranked 130th. 24% more than Singapore
21.61%
Ranked 196th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.92 million
Ranked 56th. 8 times more than Singapore
941,156
Ranked 123th.

Housing > Average people per household 4.6
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Singapore
3.6
Ranked 3rd.
Percentage living in urban areas 64%
Ranked 82nd.
100%
Ranked 1st. 56% more than Malaysia
Migration > Net migration 150,000
Ranked 30th. 8% more than Singapore
139,000
Ranked 31st.

Population > CIA Factbook 25.27 million
Ranked 46th. 5 times more than Singapore
4.61 million
Ranked 118th.

Teenage pregancy rate 12.66
Ranked 153th. 3 times more than Singapore
4.47
Ranked 177th.

Gender empowerment 0.505
Ranked 43th.
0.592
Ranked 23th. 17% more than Malaysia
Population density 82.22
Ranked 95th.
6,943.19
Ranked 2nd. 84 times more than Malaysia

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Singapore
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 14.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 118th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 219th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 41.3%
Ranked 103th.
50.1%
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Malaysia
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.652
Ranked 102nd.
0.7
Ranked 58th. 7% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 15-24 years 17%
Ranked 128th.
18.2%
Ranked 100th. 7% more than Malaysia
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.256
Ranked 105th. 3 times more than Singapore
0.101
Ranked 133th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 532
Ranked 101st. 7 times more than Singapore
80
Ranked 128th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.99
Ranked 126th. 66% more than Singapore
1.2
Ranked 196th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 7.4%
Ranked 113th.
9.9%
Ranked 76th. 34% more than Malaysia
Gender > Female population per thousand people 514.18
Ranked 29th. 1% more than Singapore
506.78
Ranked 68th.

Future population > Males 17.78 million
Ranked 43th. 7 times more than Singapore
2.59 million
Ranked 119th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 17.62
Ranked 111th. 85% more than Singapore
9.5
Ranked 186th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 54th. 7% more than Singapore
0.96
Ranked 172nd.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 45.9%
Ranked 150th. 29% more than Singapore
35.6%
Ranked 191st.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 87.53 sq. km
Ranked 102nd.
7,405.29 sq. km
Ranked 3rd. 85 times more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 674.77
Ranked 61st.
736.79
Ranked 9th. 9% more than Malaysia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 5th. The same as Singapore
100% of population
Ranked 4th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 201.23
Ranked 53th. 49% more than Singapore
135.47
Ranked 160th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 4.9%
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Singapore
1%
Ranked 26th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.24 years
Ranked 111th.
86.64 years
Ranked 4th. 12% more than Malaysia

Hospital bed density 1.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.
2.7 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 28th. 50% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 49%
Ranked 19th.
62%
Ranked 14th. 27% more than Malaysia

Contraceptive prevalence rate 49%
Ranked 3rd.
62%
Ranked 37th. 27% more than Malaysia
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 12.8
Ranked 88th. 78% more than Singapore
7.2
Ranked 135th.
Nobel prize laureates 0.0
Ranked 44th.
0.0
Ranked 33th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 21
Ranked 3rd. The same as Singapore
21
Ranked 1st.
Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 6.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Singapore
2.68 million
Ranked 5th.
Urbanization 58
Ranked 99th.
100
Ranked 1st. 72% more than Malaysia
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.8%
Ranked 110th.
13.8%
Ranked 62nd. 77% more than Malaysia
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 50th. 9% more than Singapore
0.82 male(s)/female
Ranked 89th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 7.3
Ranked 141st. 3 times more than Singapore
2.3
Ranked 187th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 77.54
Ranked 100th.
141.06
Ranked 59th. 82% more than Malaysia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 66,137
Ranked 31st. 9448 times more than Singapore
7
Ranked 146th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 276.83
Ranked 97th. 60% more than Singapore
173.5
Ranked 155th.

Population in largest city 1.41 million
Ranked 79th.
4.33 million
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Population, total 29.24 million
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Singapore
5.31 million
Ranked 116th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 96.8%
Ranked 167th.
98.7%
Ranked 143th. 2% more than Malaysia

Literacy > Female 90.7%
Ranked 40th.
93.8%
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Malaysia

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 56,853
Ranked 40th.
1.91 million
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than Malaysia
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 1.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. 726 times more than Singapore
0.002 per 1,000 people
Ranked 140th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 71.51 years
Ranked 109th.
81.67 years
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Malaysia

Net migration 450,000
Ranked 16th. 13% more than Singapore
400,000
Ranked 19th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 1.1%
Ranked 13th. 11 times more than Singapore
0.1%
Ranked 30th.

Maternal mortality rate 29 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 124th. 10 times more than Singapore
3 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 179th.

Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 56,956
Ranked 37th.
1.86 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Malaysia
Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.926
Ranked 176th.
0.952
Ranked 157th. 3% more than Malaysia

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.564
Ranked 19th. 45% more than Singapore
0.388
Ranked 59th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 7.11
Ranked 173th. 18% more than Singapore
6.03
Ranked 177th.

Languages Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 85.83
Ranked 109th. 67% more than Singapore
51.55
Ranked 169th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 645.62
Ranked 44th.
685.89
Ranked 15th. 6% more than Malaysia

Future population > Females 17.49 million
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than Singapore
2.61 million
Ranked 119th.

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 170
Ranked 77th. 85 times more than Singapore
2
Ranked 165th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 10.9%
Ranked 95th.
12.9%
Ranked 83th. 18% more than Malaysia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 6.42
Ranked 123th.
18.76
Ranked 62nd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 6.1
Ranked 19th. 15 times more than Singapore
0.4
Ranked 33th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 11.8%
Ranked 20th.
16.6%
Ranked 39th. 41% more than Malaysia
Gender > Male population per thousand people 485.82
Ranked 157th.
493.67
Ranked 122nd. 2% more than Malaysia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 12.9%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Singapore
3.3%
Ranked 9th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 25.1 years
Ranked 10th.
26.5 years
Ranked 6th. 6% more than Malaysia
Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 20th. 55% more than Singapore
3.3% of GDP
Ranked 2nd.

Number of infant deaths 4,000
Ranked 84th.
0.0
Ranked 129th.

Number of under-five deaths 4,000
Ranked 87th.
0.0
Ranked 136th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $10,432.06
Ranked 61st.
$51,709.45
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.53e-06
Ranked 160th.
1.93e-05
Ranked 87th. 8 times more than Malaysia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.58 million
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than Singapore
4.99 million
Ranked 75th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 48.4
Ranked 111th.
90.15
Ranked 62nd. 86% more than Malaysia

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population 103,947
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Singapore
49,819
Ranked 21st.
Infant mortality rate > Female 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 125th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.44 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 218th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 63.3%
Ranked 132nd.
76.5%
Ranked 4th. 21% more than Malaysia

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 3
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Singapore
1
Ranked 49th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 139th. 1% more than Singapore
93.4%
Ranked 180th.

Urban population per 1000 660.08
Ranked 67th.
1,017.82
Ranked 3rd. 54% more than Malaysia

Median age > Both sexes 25.1
Ranked 133th.
39.6
Ranked 39th. 58% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 548,970
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Singapore
177,378
Ranked 97th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 4.14 million
Ranked 46th. 12 times more than Singapore
353,333
Ranked 139th.

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Population in largest city > Per capita 0.055 per capita
Ranked 111th.
0.996 per capita
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Malaysia

Literacy > Male 95.4%
Ranked 107th.
98%
Ranked 70th. 3% more than Malaysia

Infant mortality rate > Male 16.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 111th. 6 times more than Singapore
2.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 218th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 66th. The same as Singapore
1
Ranked 33th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 10.3%
Ranked 94th. 4% more than Singapore
9.9%
Ranked 97th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 96% of population
Ranked 30th.
100% of population
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Malaysia

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 108th.
0.0
Ranked 129th.

Total Population per capita 0.944
Ranked 173th.
1.05
Ranked 47th. 12% more than Malaysia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 151.45
Ranked 90th. 2 times more than Singapore
73.01
Ranked 187th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 4.9%
Ranked 127th.
8.7%
Ranked 75th. 78% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 21
Ranked 6th. The same as Singapore
21
Ranked 3rd.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 26%
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Singapore
8%
Ranked 112th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.4%
Ranked 48th. Twice as much as Singapore
0.2%
Ranked 66th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 107.9
Ranked 163th.
113.1
Ranked 143th. 5% more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 135.1
Ranked 148th.
149.6
Ranked 113th. 11% more than Malaysia

Religions Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%
Urban population > Per capita 0.673 per capita
Ranked 64th.
1 per capita
Ranked 1st. 49% more than Malaysia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 154.06
Ranked 117th. 2 times more than Singapore
75.39
Ranked 149th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.596
Ranked 54th. 54% more than Singapore
0.388
Ranked 90th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 1.01
Ranked 94th. 4 times more than Singapore
0.26
Ranked 144th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 1.41 million
Ranked 80th.
4.33 million
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Malaysia

Gender development 0.776
Ranked 52nd.
0.88
Ranked 23th. 13% more than Malaysia
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 49%
Ranked 19th.
62%
Ranked 14th. 27% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 7.1%
Ranked 9th.
22%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Median age > Male 27.2 years
Ranked 123th.
33.5 years
Ranked 71st. 23% more than Malaysia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 5.1
Ranked 7th. 51 times more than Singapore
0.1
Ranked 27th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 7.89 million
Ranked 55th.
0.0
Ranked 192nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 31.8%
Ranked 88th. 2 times more than Singapore
14.8%
Ranked 201st.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 291.75
Ranked 148th.
373.9
Ranked 10th. 28% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 25.61
Ranked 118th.
45.8
Ranked 64th. 79% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 699,302
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Singapore
221,632
Ranked 100th.

Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 3.95
Ranked 17th.
11.32
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 32%
Ranked 47th. 10% more than Singapore
29%
Ranked 52nd.
Female population > Age 15-19 1.16 million
Ranked 46th. 9 times more than Singapore
133,357
Ranked 137th.
Median age > Female 27.6 years
Ranked 124th.
33.7 years
Ranked 82nd. 22% more than Malaysia

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 20,167.62
Ranked 33th. 174 times more than Singapore
115.75
Ranked 163th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 3%
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Singapore
1.2%
Ranked 142nd.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 96% of population
Ranked 81st.
100% of population
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Malaysia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 24.06 per 1 million people
Ranked 134th. 2% more than Singapore
23.65 per 1 million people
Ranked 135th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 289.65
Ranked 12th. 6% more than Singapore
273.18
Ranked 37th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 9.3
Ranked 143th. 3 times more than Singapore
3.1
Ranked 189th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa not required
Future population > Males per thousand people 501.17
Ranked 71st. 10% more than Singapore
454.77
Ranked 175th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes 18 with parental consent. Muslim girls under 16 can marry with the permission of sharia authorities. 18 with parental consent; below 18 with special marriage license.
International migrant stock, total 2.36 million
Ranked 21st. 20% more than Singapore
1.97 million
Ranked 26th.

International migrant stock, total per 1000 83.38
Ranked 77th.
387.43
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 41
Ranked 116th. 37% more than Singapore
30
Ranked 126th.
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 1,300
Ranked 72nd.
25,300
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Malaysia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 573
Ranked 89th. 47% more than Singapore
391
Ranked 102nd.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 12
Ranked 163th.
69
Ranked 22nd. 6 times more than Malaysia
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0239
Ranked 92nd.
0.0943
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Malaysia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.5%
Ranked 9th. 25% more than Singapore
0.4%
Ranked 10th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 20.11
Ranked 124th.
36.65
Ranked 66th. 82% more than Malaysia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 3.9 million
Ranked 46th. 12 times more than Singapore
329,005
Ranked 140th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 26%
Ranked 135th. 8% more than Singapore
24%
Ranked 138th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 21,885
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Singapore
9,880
Ranked 83th.
Total Population > Female 12.12 million
Ranked 46th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.3 million
Ranked 119th.
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 2.03 million
Ranked 20th. 36% more than Singapore
1.49 million
Ranked 27th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 28.6 years
Ranked 9th.
30 years
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Malaysia
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.24
Ranked 147th. 8% more than Singapore
449.78
Ranked 175th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 30
Ranked 107th. 5 times more than Singapore
6
Ranked 138th.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 115.1
Ranked 148th.
118.6
Ranked 141st. 3% more than Malaysia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 135.1
Ranked 148th.
149.6
Ranked 113th. 11% more than Malaysia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 107.9%
Ranked 163th.
113.1%
Ranked 143th. 5% more than Malaysia

Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 48.7
Ranked 99th. 65% more than Singapore
29.57
Ranked 174th.
Female population > Age 25-29 897,828
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Singapore
177,208
Ranked 115th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 47.37
Ranked 111th. 44% more than Singapore
32.79
Ranked 169th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 33.85
Ranked 127th.
52.79
Ranked 3rd. 56% more than Malaysia
Male population > Age 25-29 934,918
Ranked 48th. 6 times more than Singapore
165,937
Ranked 120th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 44.9
Ranked 118th. 44% more than Singapore
31.26
Ranked 172nd.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 92.27
Ranked 113th. 44% more than Singapore
64.05
Ranked 171st.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 100.14
Ranked 98th. 64% more than Singapore
61.04
Ranked 172nd.
Total population > Age 75-79 203,103
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than Singapore
69,269
Ranked 101st.
Female population > Age 55-59 per 1000 16.93
Ranked 90th.
29.03
Ranked 45th. 71% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.05
Ranked 116th.
1.43
Ranked 77th. 36% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 45-49 1.32 million
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Singapore
427,371
Ranked 83th.
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 5.91
Ranked 121st.
10.35
Ranked 81st. 75% more than Malaysia
Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 78.8%
Ranked 105th.
82.4%
Ranked 58th. 5% more than Malaysia

Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 18.82
Ranked 106th.
28.93
Ranked 62nd. 54% more than Malaysia
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 28.8%
Ranked 97th.
32.9%
Ranked 79th. 14% more than Malaysia

Total population > Age 40-44 1.55 million
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Singapore
472,918
Ranked 85th.
Total Population > Male 12.26 million
Ranked 46th. 6 times more than Singapore
2.19 million
Ranked 118th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 59th.
0.0
Ranked 69th.
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 54.5%
Ranked 12th.
62%
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Malaysia

Female population > Age 10-14 1.26 million
Ranked 46th. 10 times more than Singapore
126,141
Ranked 140th.
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 6.35
Ranked 115th.
10.53
Ranked 1st. 66% more than Malaysia
Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 70.92
Ranked 152nd.
80.44
Ranked 103th. 13% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.26
Ranked 112th.
1.47
Ranked 86th. 17% more than Malaysia
HIV/AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.5%
Ranked 69th. 5 times more than Singapore
0.1%
Ranked 105th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 53th. The same as Singapore
100% of population
Ranked 1st.
Female population > Age 80-84 per 1000 3.7
Ranked 118th.
6.05
Ranked 84th. 63% more than Malaysia
Female population > Age 45-49 per 1000 26.63
Ranked 104th.
50.9
Ranked 3rd. 91% more than Malaysia
Migration > International migrant stock > % of population 7.92%
Ranked 74th.
35.02%
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Malaysia

Female population > Age 35-39 per 1000 31.72
Ranked 123th.
58.27
Ranked 3rd. 84% more than Malaysia

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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