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Compare key data on Malaysia & Singapore

Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Military > Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Health > Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Crime > Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Crime > Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Industry > Manufacturing output: Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Energy > Commercial energy use: Commercial energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Commercial energy use refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Health > Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Military > Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Education > Adult literacy rate > Total: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Crime > Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Military > War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Education > Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Military > Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Education > High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Military > Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Lifestyle > Quality of life index: Quality of Life Index is an estimation of overall quality of life by using empirical formula (the formula is an our opinion and it's based on experiments). The actual formula might be changed. Currently, we put the highest weight to pollution - if the environment is polluted too much, the economy or safety cannot fulfill it. We put the second highest importance to safety, since it is more important to feel safe rather than wealthy, in our opinion. etc. The number 65 is added so that the numbers are in such range so it rarely goes under zero (65 is a range modifier).
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Education > College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Military > Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts: Same-sex sexual activity.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded: Temperature.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Crime > Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • Crime > Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Crime > Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality."
  • Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares: Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Gross National Income per capita: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Agriculture > Farm workers: Agricultural employment shows the number of agricultural workers in the agricultural sector.
  • Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate: Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individuals.
  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Transport > Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Economy > Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Transport > Road > Expressway length: Expressway length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transport > Motor vehicles: Motor vehicles per 1,000 people
  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users (per 100 people). Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Big Mac Index: Price of a McDonald's Big Mac in US Dollars at current exchange rates. January 12th, 2006.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Religion > Christianity > Percent Christian: Percentage of population that is Christian.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Geography > Total area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways."
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Media > Personal computers per 1000: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Industry > Manufacturing growth: Annual growth rate for manufacturing value added based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Industry > Growth: Annual growth rate for industrial value added based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Sports > Chess > GrandMasters: Number of GrandMaster chess champions, by country. A GrandMaster is the highest level of recognition in chess.
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Crime > Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations: Total Congregations.
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Media > Daily newspapers > Per 1,000 people: Daily newspapers refer to those published at least four times a week and calculated as average circulation (or copies printed) per 1,000 people."
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival."
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Government > Leaders > Prime minister: Government > Leaders > Prime minister
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$: Industry, value added (current US$). Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Economy > Inbound tourism income > Current US$: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Culture > Food and drink > Fast food > McDonalds > First outlet notes: Facts and peculiarities regarding the opening of a McDonald's in each country.
  • Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Tax > Tax rates: Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here."
  • Government > National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Labor > GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Crime > Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Military > Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Cost of living > IPad Index: Price of an Apple iPad Air 16 GB WIFI, in USD.
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > GDP per person: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year: This list compares the average annual consumption of cigarettes per adult in countries around the world. Ten european countries top the list, all located at the East of the continent, with the exception of Greece. Developed asian countries like China, South Korea and Japan also register high cigarette consumption, while Africa hosts the countries with less consumption.
  • Environment > Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000: Telephone lines. Telephone lines are fixed telephone lines that connect a subscriber's terminal equipment to the public switched telephone network and that have a port on a telephone exchange. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Economy > Exports > Main exports: Country main exports.
  • Labor > Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are expressed constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Culture > Food and drink > Fast food > McDonalds > First outlet date: The date when the first McDonald's outlet opened in each country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Televisions: The total number of televisions
  • Education > Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita: The total number of main telephone lines in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Language > Linguistic diversity index: LDI.
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Media > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Geography > Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Malaysia Singapore HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $979.60
Ranked 57th.
$2,759.38
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Crime > Crime levels 74.29
Ranked 12th. 6 times more than Singapore
12.72
Ranked 92nd.
Crime > Murder rate 2.3 0.38
Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 2.3
Ranked 67th. 5 times more than Singapore
0.51
Ranked 81st.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 604
Ranked 40th. 38 times more than Singapore
16
Ranked 11th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 22.94
Ranked 73th. 7 times more than Singapore
3.09
Ranked 11th.

Economy > GDP $303.53 billion
Ranked 33th. 10% more than Singapore
$274.70 billion
Ranked 34th.

Economy > GDP per capita $10,380.54
Ranked 59th.
$51,709.45
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Malaysia

Economy > Gross National Income $79.33 billion
Ranked 37th.
$88.81 billion
Ranked 33th. 12% more than Malaysia
Geography > Land area > Square miles 127,355 square miles
Ranked 27th. 499 times more than Singapore
255 square miles
Ranked 85th.
Government > Government type constitutional monarchy parliamentary republic
Government > Legal system mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation English common law
Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.7 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
1.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. Twice as much as Malaysia

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 44
Ranked 38th.
119
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Malaysia
People > Population 29.63 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Singapore
5.46 million
Ranked 115th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15%
Ranked 126th. 41% more than Singapore
10.65%
Ranked 196th.

Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.84%
Ranked 134th. 25% more than Singapore
1.47%
Ranked 196th.

Geography > Area > Comparative slightly larger than New Mexico slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 1.5
Ranked 128th. 3 times more than Singapore
0.5
Ranked 161st.
Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -4.5% of GDP
Ranked 136th.
2.1% of GDP
Ranked 20th.

Geography > Climate tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Geography > Area > Land 328,550 sq km
Ranked 63th. 481 times more than Singapore
682.7 sq km
Ranked 182nd.

Government > Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlimen consists of Senate or Dewan Negara unicameral Parliament (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to 9 nominated members; up to three losing opposition candidates who came closest to winning seats may be appointed as "nonconstituency" members
Geography > Geographic coordinates 2 30 N, 112 30 E 1 22 N, 103 48 E
Religion > Religions Muslim 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 67.89
Ranked 37th. 6% more than Singapore
63.77
Ranked 40th.
People > Population > Population growth, past and future -0.209
Ranked 130th.
-0.666
Ranked 223th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Military > Army > Main battle tanks 64
Ranked 45th.
100
Ranked 39th. 56% more than Malaysia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $3.20
Ranked 67th.
$9.47
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Economy > Unemployment rate 3%
Ranked 103th. 58% more than Singapore
1.9%
Ranked 109th.

Health > Human height > Average female height 1.574 m (5 ft 2 in) 1.600 m (5 ft 3 in)
People > Ethnic groups Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
Government > Suffrage 21 years of age; universal 21 years of age; universal and compulsory
Geography > Area > Total 329,847 sq km
Ranked 68th. 473 times more than Singapore
697 sq km
Ranked 192nd.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.41%
Ranked 134th. 32% more than Singapore
7.87%
Ranked 196th.

Crime > Police officers 354
Ranked 3rd. 93 times more than Singapore
3.8
Ranked 4th.

Government > Constitution 31 August 1957; amended many times several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1965; amended several times, last in 2010
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 1.8 million hectares
Ranked 87th. 3000 times more than Singapore
600 hectares
Ranked 75th.

Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use 1.6%
Ranked 9th. 400 times more than Singapore
0.004%
Ranked 12th.
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage RM 900 per month on the peninsula, and RM 800 per month for the states of Sabah, Sarawak, and Labuan. None
Government > Judicial branch civil courts include Federal Court, Court of Appeal, High Court of Malaya on peninsula Malaysia, and High Court of Sabah and Sarawak in states of Borneo (judges are appointed by the king on the advice of the prime minister); sharia courts include Sharia Appeal Court, Sharia High Court, and Sharia Subordinate Courts at state-level and deal with religious and family matters such as custody, divorce, and inheritance only for Muslims; decisions of sharia courts cannot be appealed to civil courts Supreme Court consists of High Court and Court of Appeals; Specialist Commercial Courts consist of Admiralty Court, Intellectual Property Court, and Abritation Court
Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 361
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Singapore
149
Ranked 90th.
Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $14,736.97
Ranked 57th.
$57,596.47
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Malaysia

Geography > Land area > Sq. km 328,550 sq km
Ranked 62nd. 471 times more than Singapore
697 sq km
Ranked 175th.

People > Birth rate 20.41 births/1,000 population
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Singapore
7.91 births/1,000 population
Ranked 220th.

Crime > Drugs > Opiates use 0.94%
Ranked 2nd. 235 times more than Singapore
0.004%
Ranked 30th.
People > Population growth -0.209%
Ranked 130th.
-0.666%
Ranked 223th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 12.72
Ranked 112th.
17.44
Ranked 81st. 37% more than Malaysia

Economy > Budget > Revenues $67.31 billion
Ranked 44th. 55% more than Singapore
$43.44 billion
Ranked 56th.

People > Age distribution > Median age 47.13 years
Ranked 74th.
56.43 years
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Malaysia

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $16,800.00
Ranked 58th.
$60,800.00
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Malaysia

Industry > Manufacturing output 55.75 billion
Ranked 25th. 35% more than Singapore
41.41 billion
Ranked 32nd.

Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 2,013
Ranked 14th. The same as Singapore
2,011
Ranked 20th.
Government > Political parties and leaders <strong>National Front (Barisan Nasional) or BN (ruling coalition) consists of the following parties: </strong><br />Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia Party or GERAKAN [KOH Tsu Koon]<br />Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik - Sabah) or LDP [LIEW Vui Keong]<br />Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan China Malaysia) or MCA [CHUA Soi Lek]<br />Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Malaysia) or MIC [Govindasamy PALANIVEL]<br />Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah or PBRS [Joseph KURUP]<br />Parti Bersatu Sabah or PBS [Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan]<br />Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu or PBB [Abdul TAIB Mahmud]<br />Parti Rakyat Sarawak or PRS [James MASING]<br />Sarawak United People's Party (Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sarawak) or SUPP [Peter CHIN Fah Kui]<br />United Malays National Organization or UMNO [NAJIB bin Abdul Razak]<br />United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organization (Pertubuhan Pasko Momogun Kadazan Dusun Bersatu) or UPKO [Bernard DOMPOK]<br />People's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) or PPP [M.Kayveas]<br /><br /><strong>People's Alliance (Pakatan Rakyat) or PR (opposition coalition) consists of the following parties:</strong><br />Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik) or DAP [KARPAL Singh]<br />Islamic Party of Malaysia (Parti Islam se Malaysia) or PAS [Abdul HADI Awang<br />People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) or PKR [WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail]<br />Sarawak National Party or SNAP [Edwin DUNDANG]<br /><br /><strong>notable independent parties:</strong><br />Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Sabah) or SAPP [YONG Teck Lee]<br />State Reform Pary (Parti Reformasi Negeri) or STAR [Jeffery KITINGAN] National Solidarity Party or NSP [Hazel POA]<br />People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]<br />Reform Party [Kenneth JEYARETNAM]<br />Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [Desmond LIM]<br />Singapore Democratic Party [CHEE Soon Juan]<br />Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]<br />Workers' Party or WP [LOW Thia Khiang]
Energy > Commercial energy use 2,126.01
Ranked 49th.
6,120.24
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Health > Human height > Average male height 1.702 m (5 ft 7 in) 1.706 m (5 ft 7 in)
Economy > Economy > Overview Malaysia, a middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Under current Prime Minister NAJIB, Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services. NAJIB's Economic Transformation Program (ETP) is a series of projects and policy measures intended to accelerate the country's economic growth. The government has also taken steps to liberalize some services sub-sectors. The NAJIB administration also is continuing efforts to boost domestic demand and reduce the economy''s dependence on exports. Nevertheless, exports - particularly of electronics, oil and gas, palm oil and rubber - remain a significant driver of the economy. As an oil and gas exporter, Malaysia has profited from higher world energy prices, although the rising cost of domestic gasoline and diesel fuel, combined with strained government finances, has forced Kuala Lumpur to begin to reduce government subsidies. The government is also trying to lessen its dependence on state oil producer Petronas. The oil and gas sector supplies about 35% of government revenue in 2011. Bank Negera Malaysia (central bank) maintains healthy foreign exchange reserves, and a well-developed regulatory regime has limited Malaysia''s exposure to riskier financial instruments and the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, Malaysia could be vulnerable to a fall in commodity prices or a general slowdown in global economic activity because exports are a major component of GDP. In order to attract increased investment, NAJIB has raised possible revisions to the special economic and social preferences accorded to ethnic Malays under the New Economic Policy of 1970, but he has encountered significant opposition, especially from Malay nationalists and other vested interests. Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 8.6% between 2004 and 2007. The economy contracted 0.8% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded 14.8% in 2010, on the strength of renewed exports, before slowing to 5.2% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2012, largely a result of soft demand for exports during the second European recession. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to an average of about 1.0% in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.
Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 22.94
Ranked 73th. 7 times more than Singapore
3.09
Ranked 11th.

Economy > Exports $227.70 billion
Ranked 24th.
$435.80 billion
Ranked 13th. 91% more than Malaysia

Crime > Violent crime > Murders 604
Ranked 40th. 38 times more than Singapore
16
Ranked 11th.

Government > Executive branch > Cabinet Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament with consent of the king appointed by president, responsible to parliament
Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 1.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.
2.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 53% more than Malaysia

Education > Compulsary education duration 6
Ranked 178th. The same as Singapore
6
Ranked 157th.

People > Gender > Female population 21.07 million
Ranked 53th. 7 times more than Singapore
3.05 million
Ranked 117th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.36 million
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
643,369
Ranked 127th.

Military > Budget 4.69 US$ BN
Ranked 19th.
7.87 US$ BN
Ranked 11th. 68% more than Malaysia
Economy > GDP > Per capita $15,116.55 per capita
Ranked 21st.
$57,596.47 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Malaysia

Agriculture > Rural population 27,321
Ranked 121st.
0.0
Ranked 215th.

Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 3,724.98 kWh per capita
Ranked 58th.
8,053.09 kWh per capita
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Malaysia

People > Death rate 4.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 184th. 46% more than Singapore
3.41 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 214th.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $0.67
Ranked 105th.
$1.40
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Malaysia
Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 2,875
Ranked 5th. 15% more than Singapore
2,497
Ranked 13th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $0.90
Ranked 94th.
$1.62
Ranked 49th. 80% more than Malaysia
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders Bar Council<br />BERSIH (electoral reform coalition)<br />PEMBELA (Muslim NGO coalition)<br />PERKASA (defense of Malay rights)<br /><br /><strong>other:</strong> religious groups; women's groups; youth groups none
Geography > Natural resources tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite fish, deepwater ports
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $2,528.57
Ranked 5th.
$10,054.22
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Malaysia

Crime > Burglaries 104.7
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Singapore
25.7
Ranked 44th.

Energy > Electricity > Consumption 112 billion kWh
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Singapore
40.62 billion kWh
Ranked 33th.

People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 78.2%
Ranked 85th.
102.9%
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Malaysia

Education > Adult literacy rate > Total 92.1
Ranked 49th.
94.5
Ranked 41st. 3% more than Malaysia

Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 329,740 km²
Ranked 65th. 472 times more than Singapore
699 km²
Ranked 180th.

People > Population growth rate 1.51%
Ranked 80th.
1.96%
Ranked 55th. 30% more than Malaysia

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 13 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th. 88 times more than Singapore
0.148 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 221st.

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 940.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th.
1,234.13 per 1,000 people
Ranked 13th. 31% more than Malaysia

Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 78,700 sq. km
Ranked 80th. 10781 times more than Singapore
7.3 sq. km
Ranked 206th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 74.67
Ranked 75th.
81.89
Ranked 10th. 10% more than Malaysia

Crime > Robberies 82.1
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than Singapore
21.7
Ranked 53th.

Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 648.04
Ranked 54th.
727.31
Ranked 40th. 12% more than Malaysia
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 4,246.47
Ranked 49th.
8,404.23
Ranked 16th. 98% more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $50.09
Ranked 128th.
$163.55
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 80.17
Ranked 10th. 50% more than Singapore
53.45
Ranked 74th.
Military > Personnel > Per capita 5.33 per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th.
38.46 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Malaysia

Military > War deaths 0.0
Ranked 163th.
0.0
Ranked 26th.

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.0626
Ranked 148th. 515 times more than Singapore
0.000122
Ranked 204th.

Agriculture > Agricultural growth 132
Ranked 28th.
160
Ranked 6th. 21% more than Malaysia

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 45.29
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Singapore
10.96
Ranked 90th.
Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 55.47 CIA
Ranked 51st.
111.4 CIA
Ranked 13th. Twice as much as Malaysia
Media > Internet users 15.36 million
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than Singapore
3.23 million
Ranked 64th.
Economy > Public debt 53.3% of GDP
Ranked 53th.
111.4% of GDP
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 1.7%
Ranked 172nd.
4.6%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 13.72
Ranked 52nd.
14.91
Ranked 47th. 9% more than Malaysia

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 22.04
Ranked 81st.
78.75
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Malaysia
Education > Average years of schooling of adults 6.8
Ranked 42nd.
7
Ranked 39th. 3% more than Malaysia
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $73.94 billion
Ranked 11th. 38% more than Singapore
$53.41 billion
Ranked 13th.

Language > Languages Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; <i>note:</i> in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%
Transport > Road network length > Km
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 48.3%
Ranked 138th.
73.2%
Ranked 33th. 52% more than Malaysia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.41 million
Ranked 56th. 9 times more than Singapore
475,119
Ranked 126th.

Economy > Exports per capita $7,787.30
Ranked 40th.
$82,034.49
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Malaysia

Media > Personal computers > Per capita 196.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th.
620.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Malaysia

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 2,875
Ranked 5th. 15% more than Singapore
2,497
Ranked 13th.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $1.70
Ranked 36th.
$2.25
Ranked 15th. 32% more than Malaysia
Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $3.66
Ranked 128th.
$8.68
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than Malaysia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 34.81%
Ranked 76th.
45.96%
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $84.19
Ranked 94th.
$100.29
Ranked 58th. 19% more than Malaysia
Government > Administrative divisions 13 states (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri); Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu; and 1 federal territory (Wilayah Persekutuan) with 3 components, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, and Putrajaya none
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 15.66
Ranked 93th.
97.81
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Malaysia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 23.79 million
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Singapore
2.98 million
Ranked 123th.

Education > Literacy > Total population 88.9%
Ranked 84th.
93.2%
Ranked 68th. 5% more than Malaysia

Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index 69.5
Ranked 20th. 12% more than Singapore
61.82
Ranked 1st.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.07 million
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
201,743
Ranked 127th.

Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 28.23
Ranked 40th.
471.68
Ranked 2nd. 17 times more than Malaysia

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 14%
Ranked 121st. 97% more than Singapore
7.1%
Ranked 140th.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $1.38
Ranked 136th.
$2.07
Ranked 82nd. 50% more than Malaysia
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $784.85
Ranked 95th.
$4,950.89
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Malaysia
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 46.2
Ranked 12th.
47.8
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Malaysia

Religion > Religions > All Muslim, Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu, Christian, Sikh; note - in addition, Shamanism is practiced in East Malaysia Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)
Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $45,724.74
Ranked 8th.
$110,479.80
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Malaysia
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 124th. The same as Singapore
6
Ranked 26th.

Military > Global Peace Index 1.57
Ranked 134th. 9% more than Singapore
1.44
Ranked 146th.

Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 69th. 75% more than Singapore
4
Ranked 196th.

Military > Navy > Corvette warships 4
Ranked 17th.
6
Ranked 12th. 50% more than Malaysia
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 122.12 billion
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Singapore
43.56 billion
Ranked 50th.

Media > Televisions per 1000 433.9
Ranked 34th. 34% more than Singapore
323.22
Ranked 52nd.
Health > Births and maternity > Future births 414.48
Ranked 56th. 10 times more than Singapore
40.37
Ranked 127th.

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 19.45 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 56th.
189.97 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Malaysia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 50.19%
Ranked 115th. 16% more than Singapore
43.39%
Ranked 196th.

People > Population in 2015 29,558 thousand
Ranked 46th. 6 times more than Singapore
4,815 thousand
Ranked 117th.
Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 30.4
Ranked 4th.
31
Ranked 6th. 2% more than Malaysia

Geography > Terrain coastal plains rising to hills and mountains lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
Education > High school enrolment rate 98.87
Ranked 25th. 8% more than Singapore
91.49
Ranked 59th.
Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.79 years
Ranked 108th.
82.14 years
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Malaysia

Transport > Road > Motorway length 1,821 km
Ranked 27th. 11 times more than Singapore
161 km
Ranked 74th.
Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people 8.9
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than Singapore
1.3
Ranked 112th.
Military > Paramilitary personnel 24,600
Ranked 35th.
93,800
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Malaysia
Military > Service age and obligation 18 years of age for voluntary military service 18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers)
Geography > Location Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Health > Quality of health care system > Cost 67.57
Ranked 21st. 56% more than Singapore
43.27
Ranked 5th.
People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 7.33 million
Ranked 14th. 38% more than Singapore
5.31 million
Ranked 5th.

Lifestyle > Quality of life index 85.19
Ranked 41st.
91.27
Ranked 38th. 7% more than Malaysia
Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.13%
Ranked 52nd. 59% more than Singapore
3.23%
Ranked 13th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 14.5%, industry 36%, services 49.5% manufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25%
Economy > Human Development Index 0.796
Ranked 60th.
0.907
Ranked 25th. 14% more than Malaysia
Labor > Unemployment rate 3.5%
Ranked 83th. 67% more than Singapore
2.1%
Ranked 86th.

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 8.19
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Singapore
3.39
Ranked 107th.

People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.64
Ranked 181st. 3% more than Singapore
4.5
Ranked 184th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 56.89
Ranked 33th. 45% more than Singapore
39.29
Ranked 41st.
Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita 872.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 34th.
1,687.87 per 1,000 people
Ranked 24th. 93% more than Malaysia

Media > Households with television 88.91%
Ranked 57th.
98.6%
Ranked 10th. 11% more than Malaysia

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 21.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th. 2 times more than Singapore
10 per 1,000 people
Ranked 159th.

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 0.415
Ranked 90th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.
Culture > Happy Planet Index 54
Ranked 33th. 12% more than Singapore
48.2
Ranked 49th.

Government > Executive branch > Head of government Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Najib Razak (since 3 April 2009); Deputy Prime Minister MUHYIDDIN bin Mohamed Yassin (since 9 April 2009) Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM (since 21 May 2011)
Geography > Coastline 4,675 km
Ranked 31st. 24 times more than Singapore
193 km
Ranked 141st.

Labor > Labor force 11.62 million
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Singapore
3.08 million
Ranked 81st.

Environment > Current issues air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
Energy > Oil > Consumption 536,000 bbl/day
Ranked 28th.
927,000 bbl/day
Ranked 18th. 73% more than Malaysia

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 77.07
Ranked 87th.
84.3
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Malaysia

Education > College and university > Share of total education spending 34.45%
Ranked 7th.
38.04%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Malaysia

Health > Life expectancy > Men 73 years
Ranked 48th.
79 years
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Malaysia
Military > Navy > Submarines 2
Ranked 21st.
4
Ranked 8th. Twice as much as Malaysia
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>Radio Television Malaysia (RTM) - state-run, operates TV1, TV2</p> </p>TV3 - commercial terrestrial network</p> </p>ntv7 - commercial terrestrial network</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15384221">Full Article</a> <p>MediaCorp - operates entertainment-based Channel 5 and Channel 8, Malay channel Suria, Mandarin-language Channel U</p> </p>Channel NewsAsia - news TV operated by MediaCorp</p>
Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 29.82 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Singapore
2.16 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 72nd.

People > Total fertility rate 2.61 children born/woman
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Singapore
0.79 children born/woman
Ranked 221st.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 72.38
Ranked 69th.
79.6
Ranked 9th. 10% more than Malaysia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 28.88%
Ranked 78th.
40.06%
Ranked 1st. 39% more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $1.12
Ranked 117th.
$2.58
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Malaysia
Media > Television receivers > Per capita 168.01 per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th.
350.55 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Malaysia

Government > Executive branch > Chief of state King Tuanku ABDUL HALIM Mu'adzam Shah (selected on 13 December 2011; installed on 11 April 2012); the position of the king is primarily ceremonial President Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)
Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address US Embassy Kuala Lumpur, APO AP 96535-8152 FPO AP 96507-0001
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 140.94
Ranked 33th.
153.4
Ranked 24th. 9% more than Malaysia

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $494.70 billion
Ranked 29th. 53% more than Singapore
$323.00 billion
Ranked 39th.

Government > Capital city > Name Kuala Lumpur Singapore
Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 3 10 N, 101 42 E 1 17 N, 103 51 E
Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts Male illegal (Penalty: fines, prison sentence (2-20 years), or whippings) Female legal Male illegal (Penalty: up to 2 years prison sentence; no plan to repeal 377A and not enforced since 1999) Female legal
Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 110.44
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than Singapore
29.24
Ranked 49th.

Government > International organization participation ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CICA (observer), CP, D-8, EAS, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ADB, AOSIS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FATF, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIT, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.59
Ranked 84th. 51% more than Singapore
0.39
Ranked 176th.

Crime > Prisoners 39,258 prisoners
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Singapore
16,310 prisoners
Ranked 56th.
Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded 40.1 \u00b0C (104.2 \u00b0F) 36.0 \u00b0C (96.8 \u00b0F)
Media > Internet > Users per 1000 591.78
Ranked 23th.
676.68
Ranked 14th. 14% more than Malaysia

Crime > Assaults 21.9
Ranked 54th. 50% more than Singapore
14.6
Ranked 58th.
Religion > Major religion(s) Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Christianity, Sikhism Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 70.8%
Ranked 53th.
79.6%
Ranked 24th. 12% more than Malaysia
Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $44.08
Ranked 67th. 35% more than Singapore
$32.73
Ranked 94th.
Geography > Area > Water 1,190 sq km
Ranked 107th. 119 times more than Singapore
10 sq km
Ranked 148th.

People > Age structure > 0-14 years 29.1%
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than Singapore
13.6%
Ranked 220th.

Military > Military service age and obligation 17 years 6 months of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent and proof of age); mandatory retirement age 60; women serve in the Malaysian Armed Forces; no conscription 18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 1/2 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers)
Media > Broadcast media state-owned TV broadcaster operates 2 TV networks with relays throughout the country, and the leading private commercial media group operates 4 TV stations with numerous relays throughout the country; satellite TV subscription service is available; state-owned radio broadcaster operates multiple national networks as well as regional and local stations; many private commercial radio broadcasters and some subscription satellite radio services are available; about 55 radio stations overall state controls broadcast media; 8 domestic TV stations operated by MediaCorp which is wholly owned by a state investment company; broadcasts from Malaysian and Indonesian stations available; satellite dishes banned; multi-channel cable TV service available; a total of 18 domestic radio stations broadcasting with MediaCorp operating more than a dozen and another 4 stations are closely linked to the ruling party or controlled by the Singapore Armed Forces Reservists Association; many Malaysian and Indonesian radio stations are available
Transport > Airports 114
Ranked 51st. 13 times more than Singapore
9
Ranked 157th.

Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 64th.
0.0
Ranked 7th.
Geography > Area > Comparative to US places slightly larger than New Mexico slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Language > Major language(s) Malay (official), English, Chinese dialects, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.47
Ranked 74th.
0.91
Ranked 26th. 94% more than Malaysia

People > Gender > Male population 21.33 million
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than Singapore
2.99 million
Ranked 117th.

Energy > Electricity production > KWh 130.09 billion
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Singapore
46 billion
Ranked 54th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.76 million
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.78 million
Ranked 105th.

Industry > Gross value added by construction 11.77 billion
Ranked 39th. 3% more than Singapore
11.39 billion
Ranked 41st.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $1,963.89
Ranked 72nd.
$15,735.78
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Malaysia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 56.12%
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Singapore
49.29%
Ranked 196th.

Economy > Fiscal year calendar year 1
Background > Overview <p>Malaysia boasts one of south-east Asia&#039;s most vibrant economies, the fruit of decades of industrial growth and political stability. </p> <p>Its multi-ethnic, multi-religious society encompasses a majority Muslim population in most of its states and an economically-powerful Chinese community. Consisting of two regions separated by some 640 miles of the South China Sea, Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories. </p> <p>It is one of the region&#039;s key tourist destinations, offering excellent beaches and brilliant scenery. Dense rainforests in the eastern states of Sarawak and Sabah, on the island of Borneo, are a refuge for wildlife and tribal traditions. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15356257">Full Article</a> <p>Singapore is a hi-tech, wealthy city-state in south-east Asia, also known for the conservatism of its leaders and its strict social controls.</p> <p>The country comprises the main island - linked by a causeway and a bridge to the southern tip of Malaysia - and around 50 smaller islands. </p> <p>Once a colonial outpost of Britain, Singapore has become one of the world&#039;s most prosperous places - with glittering skyscrapers and a thriving port.</p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15961759">Full Article</a>
Crime > Auto theft 315.3
Ranked 7th. 15 times more than Singapore
20.6
Ranked 50th.

Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 2,639.43
Ranked 45th.
6,452.33
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Malaysia

People > Age structure > 65 years and over 5.3%
Ranked 132nd.
8.1%
Ranked 90th. 53% more than Malaysia

Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 41.2%
Ranked 27th. 48% more than Singapore
27.8%
Ranked 94th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 71.69
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Singapore
14.83
Ranked 86th.
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 77.15 people/m²
Ranked 100th.
6,301.6 people/m²
Ranked 4th. 82 times more than Malaysia

Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek 48 hours
Ranked 42nd. 9% more than Singapore
44 hours
Ranked 67th.
Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 84.13
Ranked 80th.
258.08
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average $3.09
Ranked 120th. 2 times more than Singapore
$1.25
Ranked 144th.

Crime > Murders > WHO 2
Ranked 128th. 4 times more than Singapore
0.5
Ranked 179th.
Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 8.35 per 1 million people
Ranked 54th.
120.04 per 1 million people
Ranked 18th. 14 times more than Malaysia

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $30.67 billion
Ranked 14th. 348 times more than Singapore
$88.24 million
Ranked 99th.

People > Nationality > Noun Malaysian(s) Singaporean(s)
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 137
Ranked 75th. 21% more than Singapore
113
Ranked 132nd.
Economy > Inequality > GINI index 37.91
Ranked 14th.
42.48
Ranked 21st. 12% more than Malaysia
Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares 1.8 million
Ranked 84th. 3000 times more than Singapore
600
Ranked 194th.

Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>Radio Television Malaysia (RTM) - state-run, operates some 30 radio stations and external service Voice of Malaysia</p> </p>Era FM - private</p> </p>Hot FM - private</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15384221">Full Article</a> <p>MediaCorp - operates more than a dozen stations including English-language news and talk station 938Live, music stations and Chinese, Malay and Indian services</p> </p>SPH Unionworks - operates English-language Hot FM and Kiss 92, Mandarin station UFM</p>
Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 47.97
Ranked 82nd.
87.5
Ranked 24th. 82% more than Malaysia

Economy > Imports per capita $6,391.94
Ranked 54th.
$70,570.74
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Malaysia

Economy > Gross National Income per capita $3,315.53
Ranked 55th.
$21,462.61
Ranked 18th. 6 times more than Malaysia
Military > Armed forces personnel 96,000
Ranked 42nd. 60% more than Singapore
60,000
Ranked 57th.
Education > Literacy > Female 85.4%
Ranked 83th.
89.7%
Ranked 75th. 5% more than Malaysia

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry 36%
Ranked 4th. 19% more than Singapore
30.2%
Ranked 4th.
Labor > Labor force, total 12.72 million
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Singapore
3.02 million
Ranked 103th.

Agriculture > Farm workers 1.64 million
Ranked 56th. 819 times more than Singapore
2,000
Ranked 185th.

Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate 27%
Ranked 56th. 35% more than Singapore
20%
Ranked 63th.

Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 116th. 6 times more than Singapore
2.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 215th.

Crime > United States extradition treaties > Entered into force June 2, 1997 June 24, 1935<br>June 10, 1969
Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $70.10
Ranked 72nd.
$93.52
Ranked 36th. 33% more than Malaysia
People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 51.46%
Ranked 81st.
81.29%
Ranked 1st. 58% more than Malaysia

Transport > Commute > Distance 7 km
Ranked 12th.
24 km
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Malaysia
Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m Bukit Timah 166 m
Economy > Technology index 4.67
Ranked 26th.
5.11
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Malaysia
Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 115 Int. $
Ranked 38th.
144 Int. $
Ranked 5th. 25% more than Malaysia

Transport > Road > Expressway length 1,821 km
Ranked 20th. 11 times more than Singapore
161 km
Ranked 54th.
Transport > Motor vehicles 641 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Singapore
158 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 32nd.
Military > Military expenditures 2.03% of GDP
Ranked 12th.
3.6% of GDP
Ranked 12th. 77% more than Malaysia
Agriculture > Products Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah - subsistence crops, coconuts, rice; rubber, timber; Sarawak - rubber, timber; pepper orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish
Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 33.02
Ranked 90th.
99.01
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Malaysia
Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people 65.8
Ranked 49th.
74.18
Ranked 36th. 13% more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $3.35
Ranked 140th.
$5.52
Ranked 91st. 65% more than Malaysia
Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 54.31
Ranked 29th. 71% more than Singapore
31.73
Ranked 48th.
Economy > Development > Human Development Index 0.769
Ranked 65th.
0.895
Ranked 18th. 16% more than Malaysia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.89%
Ranked 132nd. 46% more than Singapore
3.34%
Ranked 196th.

People > Physicians density 1.2 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th.
1.92 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 25th. 60% more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $3.09
Ranked 138th.
$7.37
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Economy > Big Mac Index $1.47
Ranked 59th.
$2.20
Ranked 35th. 50% more than Malaysia
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 72.32 hectares
Ranked 144th. 514 times more than Singapore
0.141 hectares
Ranked 74th.

Military > Military branches Malaysian Armed Forces (Angkatan Tentera Malaysia, ATM): Malaysian Army (Tentera Darat Malaysia), Royal Malaysian Navy (Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia, TLDM), Royal Malaysian Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia, TUDM) Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense)
Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people $0.57
Ranked 110th.
$11.44
Ranked 35th. 20 times more than Malaysia

Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 897.94 kW
Ranked 71st.
2,019.03 kW
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Malaysia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.25 million
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Singapore
2.42 million
Ranked 102nd.

Economy > Exports > Commodities semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products
Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita 3,571.39 kWh
Ranked 15th.
7,668.31 kWh
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Malaysia

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $0.62
Ranked 150th.
$1.68
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Religion > Christianity > Percent Christian 9.2%
Ranked 17th.
18%
Ranked 10th. 96% more than Malaysia
Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index 121.1%
Ranked 27th. 21% more than Singapore
100%
Ranked 133th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 21.28 million
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Singapore
2.62 million
Ranked 123th.

Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing 73.86 billion
Ranked 22nd. 37% more than Singapore
53.77 billion
Ranked 28th.

Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 161 per 100,000 people
Ranked 53th.
388 per 100,000 people
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence ?? Drug trafficking, gun crime
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index 47.81
Ranked 97th.
88.16
Ranked 27th. 84% more than Malaysia
Geography > Total area > Sq. km 329,740
Ranked 64th. 471 times more than Singapore
700
Ranked 175th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 13%
Ranked 24th. 130 times more than Singapore
0.1%
Ranked 21st.
Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 42,919
Ranked 50th. 18 times more than Singapore
2,348
Ranked 126th.
Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio 12.4
Ranked 9th. 28% more than Singapore
9.7
Ranked 3rd.
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $464.02
Ranked 78th.
$2,662.04
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Malaysia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $2.34
Ranked 75th.
$3.03
Ranked 43th. 29% more than Malaysia
Energy > Electricity > Production 118 billion kWh
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Singapore
44.41 billion kWh
Ranked 43th.

Government > Country name > Conventional long form none Republic of Singapore
Media > Personal computers per 1000 193.18
Ranked 38th.
620.21
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita 2.93 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 4 times more than Singapore
0.776 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 106th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 4.65 million
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Singapore
1.25 million
Ranked 87th.

Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road 72
Ranked 11th.
207.02
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Malaysia

People > Cities > Urban population 72,679
Ranked 103th.
100,000
Ranked 1st. 38% more than Malaysia

Geography > Land use > Arable land 5.44%
Ranked 147th. 6 times more than Singapore
0.89%
Ranked 198th.

Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons 32.75
Ranked 35th. 21% more than Singapore
27.02
Ranked 37th.

Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant 3.5%
Ranked 121st.
29%
Ranked 51st. 8 times more than Malaysia
Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 272
Ranked 37th. 83% more than Singapore
148.75
Ranked 65th.

Industry > Manufacturing growth -9.38
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than Singapore
-4.13
Ranked 115th.

Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 66.64
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Singapore
18.75
Ranked 87th.
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services 51%
Ranked 33th.
69.7%
Ranked 6th. 37% more than Malaysia
Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 225
Ranked 41st. Twice as much as Singapore
112.68
Ranked 59th.

Economy > Imports $186.90 billion
Ranked 26th.
$374.90 billion
Ranked 13th. Twice as much as Malaysia

People > Nationality > Adjective Malaysian Singapore
Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index 120%
Ranked 17th. 71% more than Singapore
70.2%
Ranked 179th.

Media > Radio broadcast stations AM 35, FM 391, shortwave 15 AM 0, FM 17, shortwave 2
People > Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 7% more than Singapore
0.96 male(s)/female
Ranked 156th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.12%
Ranked 126th. 38% more than Singapore
7.31%
Ranked 196th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality 43.11
Ranked 27th.
60.71
Ranked 19th. 41% more than Malaysia
Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 2.74 births per woman
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than Singapore
1.24 births per woman
Ranked 171st.

Industry > Growth -6.58
Ranked 87th. 7 times more than Singapore
-1.01
Ranked 112th.

Sports > Chess > GrandMasters 0.0
Ranked 125th.
2
Ranked 53th.
Government > Executive branch > Elections kings are elected by and from the hereditary rulers of nine of the states for five-year terms; selection is based on the principle of rotation among rulers of states; elections were last held on 14 October 2011 (next to be held in 2016); prime ministers are designated from among the members of the House of Representatives; following legislative elections, the leader who commands the support of the majority of members in the House becomes prime minister (since independence this has been the leader of the UMNO party) president elected by popular vote for six-year term; election last held on 27 August 2011 (next to be held by August 2017); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president
Crime > Software piracy rate 59%
Ranked 58th. 59% more than Singapore
37%
Ranked 86th.
Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations 33
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Singapore
11
Ranked 78th.
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.03%
Ranked 70th.
4.9%
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Economy > Budget > Expenditures $80.89 billion
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Singapore
$37.83 billion
Ranked 5th.

People > Sex ratio > At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 27th. The same as Singapore
1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 14th.

Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $153.91 billion
Ranked 15th. 16% more than Singapore
$132.90 billion
Ranked 17th.

Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 2.13 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than Singapore
0.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th.

Energy > Crude oil > Production 642,700 bbl/day
Ranked 28th. 32 times more than Singapore
20,170 bbl/day
Ranked 76th.

Economy > GINI index 49.15
Ranked 2nd. 16% more than Singapore
42.48
Ranked 20th.
Media > Daily newspapers > Per 1,000 people 109.28
Ranked 33th.
360.78
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index 27.03
Ranked 130th.
61.9
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Malaysia
Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita $3,770.44
Ranked 19th.
$35,522.82
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than Malaysia

Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU 347.38 billion
Ranked 64th. 15% more than Singapore
301.11 billion
Ranked 68th.

Economy > Tourist arrivals 22.05 million
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Singapore
7.78 million
Ranked 29th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 73.71
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Singapore
23.73
Ranked 87th.
Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita $1,802.60 per capita
Ranked 31st.
$5,883.74 per capita
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Malaysia

Transport > Rail > Railway length 1,849 km
Ranked 72nd. 9 times more than Singapore
199.4 km
Ranked 128th.
Military > Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Government > Leaders > Prime minister Najib Abdul Razak Lee Hsien Loong
Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend $5.91
Ranked 121st.
$9.02
Ranked 100th. 53% more than Malaysia
Environment > Transport CO2 emission index 7,651.93
Ranked 4th. 98% more than Singapore
3,872.55
Ranked 3rd.
Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$ $124.60 billion
Ranked 14th. 81% more than Singapore
$68.96 billion