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People Stats: compare key data on Peru & United States

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Dynamics > Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin."
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 (% of official school-age population). Net intake rate. Primary. Total is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of the official primary school-entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the same age.
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1, female (% of official school-age population). Net intake rate. Primary. Female is the number of new female entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of the official primary school-entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of the same age.
  • Total Population > Male: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Argentina: Country of origin of Argentina’s foreign born population (number of residents by country of birth).
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population: Country of birth of Canadian residents (in percent).
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Total population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Female population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Total population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Structure > Population > Total: Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates."
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
  • Prevalence of overweight, female > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight, female (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of overweight, male > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5: Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male (% of children under 5). Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Prevalence of wasting, female > % of children under 5: Prevalence of wasting, female (% of children under 5). Wasting prevalence is the proportion of children under five whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59.
  • Prevalence of wasting, male > % of children under 5: Prevalence of wasting, male (% of children under 5). Wasting prevalence is the proportion of children under five whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Population, total per 1000: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • International migrant stock > % of population: International migrant stock (% of population). International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population). Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting (% of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths). Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
STAT Peru United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 49.27 years
Ranked 34th. 11% more than United States
44.38 years
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.09%
Ranked 170th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 19% more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 5.6 million
Ranked 62nd.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 9.91%
Ranked 167th.
11.22%
Ranked 80th. 13% more than Peru

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 84.24%
Ranked 41st. 10% more than United States
76.73%
Ranked 93th.

Birth rate 18.85 births/1,000 population
Ranked 98th. 38% more than United States
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th.

Death rate 5.97 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 163th.
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th. 41% more than Peru

Ethnic groups Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 19.82 million
Ranked 59th.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 0.19
Ranked 69th.
2.81
Ranked 8th. 15 times more than Peru

Mother's mean age at first birth 22.3
Ranked 14th.
25
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Peru
Population 29.85 million
Ranked 42nd.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Peru

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.289
Ranked 155th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.289%
Ranked 155th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate 1%
Ranked 115th. 11% more than United States
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 3.94 million
Ranked 62nd.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 37.57%
Ranked 35th. 17% more than United States
32.24%
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 21.59 million
Ranked 61st.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 1.83 million
Ranked 61st.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Peru

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 15.7%
Ranked 115th.
33%
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.34%
Ranked 159th.
51.06%
Ranked 99th. 6% more than Peru

Population in 2015 32,172 thousand
Ranked 42nd.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 15.22 million
Ranked 7th.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Peru

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 5.32
Ranked 166th.
8.07
Ranked 88th. 52% more than Peru

Total fertility rate 2.25 children born/woman
Ranked 98th. 9% more than United States
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 31.64%
Ranked 39th. 18% more than United States
26.71%
Ranked 104th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.6
Ranked 81st. 22% more than United States
0.49
Ranked 133th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 27.6%
Ranked 97th. 38% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.

Gender > Male population 19.96 million
Ranked 59th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.94 million
Ranked 43th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.28%
Ranked 156th.
56.58%
Ranked 104th. 4% more than Peru

Age structure > 65 years and over 6.7%
Ranked 109th.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Peru

Nationality > Noun Peruvian(s) American(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 58.29%
Ranked 39th. 23% more than United States
47.21%
Ranked 101st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.6%
Ranked 171st.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 20% more than Peru

Physicians density 0.92 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 29th.
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 5,625
Ranked 51st.
877,000
Ranked 2nd. 156 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.58 million
Ranked 39th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 19.23 million
Ranked 61st.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 5.57 million
Ranked 33th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Peru

Cities > Urban population 81,945
Ranked 64th.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 3% more than Peru

Nationality > Adjective Peruvian American
Sex ratio > Total population 0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 144th. The same as United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 9.48%
Ranked 168th.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 18% more than Peru

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 98th. The same as United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 97,693
Ranked 22nd.
2.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14%
Ranked 47th. 25% more than United States
11.18%
Ranked 93th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 3.3
Ranked 77th.
6.8
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Peru

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 95th. The same as United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 3.77 million
Ranked 62nd.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Peru

Migration > Net migration rate -0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 115th.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 22.3
Ranked 17th.
25
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Peru
Future population change -115,763.6
Ranked 174th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Urban population 20.3 million
Ranked 32nd.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Peru

Urbanization in 2015 77.9%
Ranked 42nd.
81%
Ranked 37th. 4% more than Peru
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -18,771.292 per 1 million people
Ranked 147th.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th.

Median age > Total 26.7 years
Ranked 132nd.
37.2 years
Ranked 61st. 39% more than Peru

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 72.98 years
Ranked 126th.
78.62 years
Ranked 50th. 8% more than Peru

Urban and rural > Urban population 23.05 million
Ranked 3rd.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Peru

Projected population growth 62.05%
Ranked 58th. 37% more than United States
45.31%
Ranked 78th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 23.5
Ranked 9th.
26.9
Ranked 5th. 14% more than Peru
Age structure > 15-64 years 65.4%
Ranked 127th.
66.5%
Ranked 101st. 2% more than Peru

Literacy > Total population 89.6%
Ranked 138th.
99%
Ranked 35th. 10% more than Peru

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 44.4%
Ranked 85th. 51% more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 138th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 26.6
Ranked 8th.
28.8
Ranked 6th. 8% more than Peru
Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.13 million
Ranked 61st.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 25.95%
Ranked 179th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Peru

Housing > Average people per household 4
Ranked 3rd. 54% more than United States
2.6
Ranked 1st.
Percentage living in urban areas 74%
Ranked 56th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 8% more than Peru
Migration > Net migration -525,000
Ranked 168th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Population > CIA Factbook 29.18 million
Ranked 41st.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Peru

Teenage pregancy rate 53.97
Ranked 69th. 54% more than United States
34.96
Ranked 99th.

Gender empowerment 0.516
Ranked 39th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 47% more than Peru
Population density 22.53
Ranked 157th.
33.22
Ranked 145th. 47% more than Peru

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 157th.
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th. 1% more than Peru

Percentage living in rural areas. 26%
Ranked 143th. 30% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 20.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 89th. 4 times more than United States
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 39.2%
Ranked 129th.
40.2%
Ranked 117th. 3% more than Peru
Urban and rural > Rural population 7.42 million
Ranked 5th.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Peru

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.679
Ranked 80th.
0.739
Ranked 23th. 9% more than Peru

Age structure > 15-24 years 19.4%
Ranked 76th. 42% more than United States
13.7%
Ranked 169th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.387
Ranked 75th. 51% more than United States
0.256
Ranked 103th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 772.36
Ranked 4th.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 4% more than Peru

Rural population 7.66 million
Ranked 56th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 7 times more than Peru

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 6,271
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than United States
2,368
Ranked 68th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 85.42 million
Ranked 83th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 566 times more than Peru

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.48
Ranked 88th. 31% more than United States
1.89
Ranked 134th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 7.1%
Ranked 118th.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 73% more than Peru
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 3rd. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 14
Gender > Female population per thousand people 498.83
Ranked 124th.
513.11
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Peru

Future population > Males 17.75 million
Ranked 44th.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 85th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 31% more than Peru

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 20.26
Ranked 96th. 60% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.96
Ranked 175th.
1
Ranked 105th. 4% more than Peru

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.747
Ranked 34th. 9 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 54.2%
Ranked 90th. 8% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 119th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 23.14 sq. km
Ranked 171st.
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th. 47% more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 640.12
Ranked 108th.
677.3
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Peru

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 85% of population
Ranked 97th.
99% of population
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Peru
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 191.2
Ranked 84th. 35% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 75.05 years
Ranked 131st.
81.17 years
Ranked 53th. 8% more than Peru

Hospital bed density 1.5 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 41st.
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. Twice as much as Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 68.9%
Ranked 3rd.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Peru

Contraceptive prevalence rate 68.9%
Ranked 2nd.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 11% more than Peru
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 10.1
Ranked 107th. 2 times more than United States
4.8
Ranked 158th.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 248.61
Ranked 8th. 29% more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 1.3 million
Ranked 7th.
3.38 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Peru
Urbanization 73
Ranked 57th.
77
Ranked 44th. 5% more than Peru
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 9.9%
Ranked 90th.
21%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Peru
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.9 male(s)/female
Ranked 42nd. 17% more than United States
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 14.1
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 87.27
Ranked 90th.
186.84
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Peru

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 1,108
Ranked 99th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 249 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 6.1%
Ranked 18th.
8%
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 299.94
Ranked 81st. 50% more than United States
200.26
Ranked 139th.

Population in largest city 7.19 million
Ranked 21st.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Peru

Population, total 29.99 million
Ranked 41st.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Peru

Gender ratio > Whole population 99.6%
Ranked 137th.
103.3%
Ranked 65th. 4% more than Peru

Literacy > Female 84.6%
Ranked 5th.
99%
Ranked 15th. 17% more than Peru
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 355,105
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than United States
103,121
Ranked 24th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.037 per 1,000 people
Ranked 112th.
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th. 25 times more than Peru

Life expectancy at birth > Male 71.01 years
Ranked 114th.
76.19 years
Ranked 48th. 7% more than Peru

Net migration -300,001
Ranked 179th.
5 million
Ranked 1st.

Persons per room 2
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than United States
0.5
Ranked 60th.
Maternal mortality rate 67 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 88th. 3 times more than United States
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 327,729
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than United States
92,855
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 3.55 million
Ranked 5th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Peru

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 1.02
Ranked 69th. 2% more than United States
0.999
Ranked 94th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 63% of population
Ranked 51st. 63 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 153th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.506
Ranked 33th. 87% more than United States
0.271
Ranked 78th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 51.54
Ranked 75th. 57% more than United States
32.73
Ranked 105th.

Languages Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other 0.2% English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 100.21
Ranked 91st. 52% more than United States
66.08
Ranked 135th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 612.79
Ranked 95th.
622.34
Ranked 81st. 2% more than Peru

Rural population per 1000 276.42
Ranked 140th. 44% more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Future population > Females 17.82 million
Ranked 44th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 400
Ranked 65th.
880
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Peru

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 13 years
Ranked 85th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 31% more than Peru
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 14%
Ranked 78th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 24% more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 10.94
Ranked 92nd.
36.67
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 15.7
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than United States
2.8
Ranked 13th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 15.6%
Ranked 16th.
15.7%
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Peru

Gender > Male population per thousand people 501.17
Ranked 65th. 1% more than United States
496.34
Ranked 103th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.5%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 23.1 years
Ranked 11th.
26.3 years
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Peru
Education expenditures 2.6% of GDP
Ranked 32nd.
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Peru

Number of infant deaths 8,000
Ranked 65th.
25,000
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Peru

Number of under-five deaths 11,000
Ranked 62nd.
29,000
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Peru

GDP per capita > Current US$ $6,795.77
Ranked 78th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Peru

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 2.61e-06
Ranked 158th. 10 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 20.85 million
Ranked 32nd.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Peru

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 59.94
Ranked 91st.
131.88
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Peru

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 25,465
Ranked 37th. 21 times more than United States
1,200
Ranked 79th.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 18.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 86th. 4 times more than United States
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Jan 1990 16 Feb 1995
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 64.7%
Ranked 119th.
67.1%
Ranked 75th. 4% more than Peru

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 1
Ranked 75th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 41 times more than Peru
Gender ratio > Babies 97.1%
Ranked 44th. 2% more than United States
95.2%
Ranked 116th.

Urban population per 1000 732.42
Ranked 49th.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Peru

Urban and rural > Male rural population 3.87 million
Ranked 5th.
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Peru

Urban and rural > Male urban population 11.4 million
Ranked 2nd.
121.7 million
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Peru

Urban and rural > Female urban population 11.66 million
Ranked 2nd.
127.55 million
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Peru

Median age > Both sexes 26.4
Ranked 123th.
36.9
Ranked 3rd. 40% more than Peru
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 4.41 million
Ranked 42nd.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Peru

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 770,389
Ranked 40th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 21 times more than Peru

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population LIMA (capital) 8.769 million; Arequipa 778,000 New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 58th.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than Peru

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.257 per capita
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Literacy > Male 94.9%
Ranked 112th.
99%
Ranked 44th. 4% more than Peru

Infant mortality rate > Male 23.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than United States
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 50th.
21
Ranked 2nd. 21 times more than Peru
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 9% of population
Ranked 44th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 12.5%
Ranked 81st.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 50% more than Peru

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 71% of population
Ranked 88th.
100% of population
Ranked 3rd. 41% more than Peru

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.267
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than United States
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Total Population per capita 1.02
Ranked 76th. 1% more than United States
1.01
Ranked 94th.
Gender ratio > Urban population 99.7%
Ranked 45th.
105.2%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than Peru

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 154.03
Ranked 87th. 50% more than United States
102.79
Ranked 142nd.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.6%
Ranked 109th.
12.7%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 15%
Ranked 76th.
42%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Peru
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.4%
Ranked 43th.
4%
Ranked 6th. 10 times more than Peru
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 114.4
Ranked 141st.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 14% more than Peru

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 135.7
Ranked 146th.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 38% more than Peru

Religions Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 35% of population
Ranked 42nd. 6 times more than United States
6% of population
Ranked 116th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.726 per capita
Ranked 53th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 11% more than Peru

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 159.84
Ranked 112th. 18% more than United States
134.94
Ranked 138th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.638
Ranked 46th. 30% more than United States
0.491
Ranked 78th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 2%
Ranked 25th.
13.6%
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Peru
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 1.15
Ranked 87th. 2 times more than United States
0.51
Ranked 124th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 7.19 million
Ranked 30th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Peru

Gender development 0.729
Ranked 71st.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 29% more than Peru
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 68.9%
Ranked 3rd.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 5.6%
Ranked 5th.
11.8%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Peru

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 13 years
Ranked 77th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 23% more than Peru
Median age > Male 26 years
Ranked 138th.
35.9 years
Ranked 61st. 38% more than Peru

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 32nd.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 38% more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 5.5
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States
1.5
Ranked 3rd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 years
Ranked 29th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 38% more than Peru
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 8.31 million
Ranked 51st.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Peru

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 96.8
Ranked 35th.
99
Ranked 37th. 2% more than Peru

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 99.7
Ranked 45th.
105.2
Ranked 27th. 6% more than Peru

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 327.72
Ranked 84th.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 3% more than Peru

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 864,711
Ranked 49th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 26 times more than Peru

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 30.21
Ranked 104th.
73.75
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Peru

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 29.7%
Ranked 98th. 48% more than United States
20.1%
Ranked 157th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 17%
Ranked 92nd.
57%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Peru
Female population > Age 15-19 1.39 million
Ranked 39th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than Peru
Median age > Female 27.4 years
Ranked 125th.
38.5 years
Ranked 58th. 41% more than Peru

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 54,567.15
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than United States
9,044
Ranked 51st.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.6%
Ranked 118th. 23% more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 137th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 81% of population
Ranked 125th.
100% of population
Ranked 15th. 23% more than Peru

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 251.5 per 1 million people
Ranked 75th. 36 times more than United States
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 265.7
Ranked 57th. 10% more than United States
241.41
Ranked 133th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 19.9
Ranked 98th. 3 times more than United States
7.8
Ranked 149th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa Waiver Program
Future population > Males per thousand people 494.28
Ranked 94th.
501
Ranked 73th. 1% more than Peru
International migrant stock, total per 1000 1.29
Ranked 205th.
138.41
Ranked 46th. 108 times more than Peru

International migrant stock, total 37,625
Ranked 154th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 1138 times more than Peru

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 410
Ranked 49th. 24 times more than United States
17
Ranked 135th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 3,000
Ranked 49th.
8.3 million
Ranked 1st. 2767 times more than Peru
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 570
Ranked 92nd.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Peru

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,211
Ranked 63th.
8,424
Ranked 25th. 7 times more than Peru
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 138th.
52
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Peru
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0236
Ranked 94th. 14 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 26.91
Ranked 87th.
53.48
Ranked 43th. 99% more than Peru

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 4.25 million
Ranked 42nd.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Peru

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 22,080
Ranked 47th.
250,535
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Peru
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 40%
Ranked 91st.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 78% more than Peru
Total Population > Female 14.06 million
Ranked 40th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Peru
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 41,557
Ranked 138th.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 945 times more than Peru

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 26.5 years
Ranked 10th.
28.6 years
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Peru
Future population > Females per thousand people 493.12
Ranked 128th.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 5% more than Peru
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 190
Ranked 52nd. 24 times more than United States
8
Ranked 132nd.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 119.5
Ranked 137th.
138
Ranked 60th. 15% more than Peru

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 114.4%
Ranked 141st.
129.9%
Ranked 64th. 14% more than Peru

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 135.7
Ranked 146th.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 38% more than Peru

Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 101.86
Ranked 92nd. 40% more than United States
72.63
Ranked 156th.
Female population > Age 25-29 1.19 million
Ranked 37th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than Peru
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 54.25
Ranked 78th. 60% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 150th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 40.31
Ranked 44th. 23% more than United States
32.69
Ranked 139th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 51.64
Ranked 92nd. 39% more than United States
37.27
Ranked 155th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 110.32
Ranked 79th. 59% more than United States
69.51
Ranked 151st.
Male population > Age 25-29 1.21 million
Ranked 39th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Peru
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 50.21
Ranked 91st. 42% more than United States
35.37
Ranked 156th.
Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > National estimate, per 100,000 live births 93
Ranked 12th. 7 times more than United States
12.7
Ranked 41st.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 51.3%
Ranked 29th. 23% more than United States
41.7%
Ranked 53th.

Dynamics > Population growth > Annual % 1.13%
Ranked 111th. 31% more than United States
0.86%
Ranked 131st.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 85.68%
Ranked 17th. 13% more than United States
76.07%
Ranked 24th.

Total population > Age 40-44 1.76 million
Ranked 38th.
22.35 million
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Peru
Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population 85.73%
Ranked 17th. 13% more than United States
76.02%
Ranked 24th.

Total Population > Male 14.24 million
Ranked 41st.
146.66 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Peru
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Argentina 157,514
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than United States
19,147
Ranked 10th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada, share of Canadian population 0.1%
Ranked 41st.
0.8%
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Peru
Total population > Age 20-24 2.45 million
Ranked 43th.
20.95 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Peru
Total population > Age 25-29 per 1000 86.6
Ranked 56th. 26% more than United States
68.9
Ranked 156th.
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.33
Ranked 107th.
2.37
Ranked 45th. 78% more than Peru
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 4.22
Ranked 118th.
6.87
Ranked 34th. 63% more than Peru
Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 75.4%
Ranked 2nd.
78.6%
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Peru

Note Peru is made up of indigenous people and descendants of Spanish settlers A worker scans a gigantic digital billboard in New York, a city which embodies the idea that Americans do things on a grand scale
Structure > Population > Total 29.16 million
Ranked 40th.
307.01 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Peru

Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 9.3
Ranked 104th. 2 times more than United States
4.1
Ranked 147th.

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 66.1%
Ranked 147th.
94%
Ranked 79th. 42% more than Peru

Drinking water source > Improved > Urban 91% of population
Ranked 155th.
100% of population
Ranked 22nd. 10% more than Peru
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.177%
Ranked 90th. 4 times more than United States
0.0413%
Ranked 134th.

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age, male > % of children under 5 4.5%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United States
1.6%
Ranked 20th.

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 67
Ranked 88th. 3 times more than United States
21
Ranked 133th.

Prevalence of overweight, female > % of children under 5 9.8%
Ranked 5th. 21% more than United States
8.1%
Ranked 7th.

Prevalence of overweight, male > % of children under 5 9.8%
Ranked 6th. 24% more than United States
7.9%
Ranked 8th.

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age, male > % of children under 5 30.5%
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than United States
4.5%
Ranked 17th.

Prevalence of wasting, female > % of children under 5 0.8%
Ranked 20th. Twice as much as United States
0.4%
Ranked 18th.

Prevalence of wasting, male > % of children under 5 0.9%
Ranked 20th. 13% more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 18th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway per million people 40.57
Ranked 86th. 53% more than United States
26.6
Ranked 96th.
Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 61.4%
Ranked 28th. 22% more than United States
50.5%
Ranked 67th.

Population, total per 1000 1,000
Ranked 79th. The same as United States
1,000
Ranked 66th.

International migrant stock > % of population 0.129%
Ranked 205th.
13.84%
Ranked 46th. 108 times more than Peru

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 11.2%
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than United States
5%
Ranked 120th.

Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 44.51%
Ranked 72nd.
97.58%
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Peru

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 98.28
Ranked 101st. 24% more than United States
79.04
Ranked 130th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Total 32% of population
Ranked 69th.
0.0
Ranked 154th.

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 83.51%
Ranked 90th.
88%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Peru

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 74.74%
Ranked 73th.
80.8%
Ranked 47th. 8% more than Peru

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. 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