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Education Stats: compare key data on Poland & United Kingdom

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • International Baccalaureate schools: Number of schools of any level teaching the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO).
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Homeschooling prevalance: Prevalence of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Library members per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library employees per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Progression to secondary level: Progression to secondary level is the number of new entrants to the first grade of general secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Second degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as second degree awarded to females. Tertiary level A includes university and advanced research level degrees. Data for 2000.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Total enrollment, primary, male > % net: Total enrollment, primary, male (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education (% of total). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
STAT Poland United Kingdom HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 9.8
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United Kingdom
9.4
Ranked 14th.
Children out of school, primary 79,083
Ranked 38th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
13,333
Ranked 69th.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 2.05
Ranked 76th. 10 times more than United Kingdom
0.212
Ranked 110th.

Children out of school, primary, female 37,864
Ranked 35th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
7,256
Ranked 64th.

College and university > Gender parity index 1.5
Ranked 22nd. 9% more than United Kingdom
1.38
Ranked 37th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 22.77%
Ranked 37th. 39% more than United Kingdom
16.39%
Ranked 76th.

Compulsary education duration 9
Ranked 87th.
12
Ranked 22nd. 33% more than Poland

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.17%
Ranked 51st.
6.3%
Ranked 25th. 22% more than Poland

Homeschooling legal status Legal under restrictive conditions. Every homeschooled child must be supervised by an authorized school (can be a private school) and pass annual exams. Homeschooled children received diplomas from supervising school. Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
Literacy > Total population 99.8%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 23th.

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 30th. The same as United Kingdom
6
Ranked 90th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.6
Ranked 46th. 37% more than United Kingdom
4.08
Ranked 80th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 10.16
Ranked 122nd.
17.27
Ranked 78th. 70% more than Poland

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 8.91
Ranked 92nd.
14.27
Ranked 55th. 60% more than Poland

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 87th.
7
Ranked 59th. 17% more than Poland

Literacy > Female 99.7%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 21st.
Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.983
Ranked 74th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
0.116
Ranked 101st.

College and university > Gender ratio 139.6
Ranked 32nd.
140.15
Ranked 28th. About the same as Poland

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 2nd. Twice as much as United Kingdom
2
Ranked 164th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.34 per 1,000 people
Ranked 53th. 2% more than United Kingdom
6.23 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.

Duration of compulsory education 9 years
Ranked 65th.
12 years
Ranked 14th. 33% more than Poland
Secondary education, pupils 2.73 million
Ranked 28th.
5 million
Ranked 15th. 83% more than Poland

College and university > Private school share 31.37%
Ranked 42nd.
100%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Poland

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 45th.
1
Ranked 42nd. 1% more than Poland

School life expectancy > Total 14.4 years
Ranked 23th.
16.4 years
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Poland
Primary education, pupils 2.19 million
Ranked 45th.
4.42 million
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Poland

Primary education, teachers 215,813
Ranked 18th.
255,994
Ranked 14th. 19% more than Poland

Tertiary enrollment 55.5%
Ranked 15th.
59.5%
Ranked 9th. 7% more than Poland
Spending per student > College and university 16.6
Ranked 47th.
24.79
Ranked 32nd. 49% more than Poland

High school > Gender ratio 98.96
Ranked 82nd.
102.39
Ranked 44th. 3% more than Poland

Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 3rd. 40% more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 166th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.231
Ranked 89th.
0.232
Ranked 94th. 1% more than Poland

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 52nd.
4
Ranked 32nd. 33% more than Poland

Literacy > Male 99.8%
Ranked 1st. 1% more than United Kingdom
99%
Ranked 31st.
Spending > USD 27.69 billion
Ranked 19th.
136.4 billion
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Poland

High school > Private school share 4.34%
Ranked 98th.
29.43%
Ranked 24th. 7 times more than Poland

Spending > Proportion 5.42
Ranked 36th. 7% more than United Kingdom
5.06
Ranked 48th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 12.63
Ranked 131st.
18.09
Ranked 98th. 43% more than Poland

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 71st. The same as United Kingdom
3
Ranked 145th.

High school repeaters > Male 4.2
Ranked 51st.
0.0
Ranked 43th.
Preschool enrollment rate 97.07
Ranked 122nd.
106.43
Ranked 57th. 10% more than Poland

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 28,895.76
Ranked 27th. 7% more than United Kingdom
26,949.64
Ranked 31st.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.98 million
Ranked 18th.
2.29 million
Ranked 12th. 15% more than Poland

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 500
Ranked 13th. 1% more than United Kingdom
494
Ranked 23th.
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 34th. The same as United Kingdom
6
Ranked 95th.

Children out of school > Primary 73,163
Ranked 38th. 68 times more than United Kingdom
1,069
Ranked 104th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 7.94
Ranked 25th. 30% more than United Kingdom
6.11
Ranked 59th.

Secondary education, teachers 305,993
Ranked 12th.
375,385
Ranked 10th. 23% more than Poland

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 14.69
Ranked 65th.
18.19
Ranked 45th. 24% more than Poland

Mathematical literacy 470
Ranked 22nd.
529
Ranked 7th. 13% more than Poland
High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 83th. The same as United Kingdom
3
Ranked 138th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 1.07
Ranked 74th. 11 times more than United Kingdom
0.0968
Ranked 100th.

Scientific literacy 483
Ranked 21st.
532
Ranked 4th. 10% more than Poland
Spending per student > High school 22.01
Ranked 27th.
28.64
Ranked 12th. 30% more than Poland

Secondary education, general pupils 1.93 million
Ranked 32nd.
4.55 million
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Poland

Reading literacy 479
Ranked 23th.
523
Ranked 7th. 9% more than Poland
High school > Gender parity index 0.988
Ranked 87th.
1.01
Ranked 63th. 3% more than Poland

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 500
Ranked 13th. 1% more than United Kingdom
494
Ranked 23th.
Scientific and technical journal articles 6,770
Ranked 19th.
48,288
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Poland

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 500
Ranked 19th. 2% more than United Kingdom
491
Ranked 27th.
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 43%
Ranked 13th. The same as United Kingdom
43%
Ranked 14th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 1.39%
Ranked 103th. 28% more than United Kingdom
1.08%
Ranked 110th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 51.88
Ranked 8th. 35% more than United Kingdom
38.56
Ranked 30th.

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 4th. 40% more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 199th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.7%
Ranked 53th. 5% more than United Kingdom
12.1%
Ranked 56th.

International Baccalaureate schools 41
Ranked 16th.
156
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Poland
Children out of school, primary, male 41,219
Ranked 36th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
6,077
Ranked 64th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 5.7%
Ranked 29th. 8% more than United Kingdom
5.3%
Ranked 46th.

High school > Students per teacher 8.91
Ranked 93th.
14.27
Ranked 56th. 60% more than Poland

Secondary education > General pupils 2.6 million
Ranked 28th.
4.4 million
Ranked 15th. 69% more than Poland

Spending per student > Elementary school 24.37
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United Kingdom
23.42
Ranked 13th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 5th. 18% more than United Kingdom
11
Ranked 164th.

High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 6th. 18% more than United Kingdom
11
Ranked 145th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 37% more than United Kingdom
4.33 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 2.98 million
Ranked 40th.
4.49 million
Ranked 27th. 50% more than Poland

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 76.9%
Ranked 41st.
99.6%
Ranked 5th. 30% more than Poland

Schools connected to the Internet 90%
Ranked 13th.
99%
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Poland

Public spending per student > Primary level 26.5
Ranked 5th. 89% more than United Kingdom
14
Ranked 34th.
Secondary education, pupils per 1000 70.75
Ranked 103th.
79.68
Ranked 73th. 13% more than Poland

Primary education, pupils per 1000 56.88
Ranked 124th.
70.43
Ranked 107th. 24% more than Poland

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.41
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United Kingdom
1.37
Ranked 36th.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 73th.
1.03
Ranked 58th. 4% more than Poland

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 51.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 8th. 34% more than United Kingdom
38.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.75
Ranked 129th. 75% more than United Kingdom
0.429
Ranked 147th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 19th. The same as United Kingdom
7
Ranked 52nd.

Teacher student ratio > High school 12.71
Ranked 70th.
14.01
Ranked 66th. 10% more than Poland

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 1.92
Ranked 84th. 107 times more than United Kingdom
0.0179
Ranked 120th.

Inequality adjusted index 0.767
Ranked 33th.
0.806
Ranked 28th. 5% more than Poland
High school repeaters > Female 0.76
Ranked 79th.
0.0
Ranked 43th.
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 10.64
Ranked 131st.
18.27
Ranked 70th. 72% more than Poland

Elementary school > Enrolled students 2.48 million
Ranked 45th.
4.47 million
Ranked 23th. 80% more than Poland

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 30th. The same as United Kingdom
6 years
Ranked 88th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $5,435.43
Ranked 36th.
$26,253.64
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Poland
Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 50.09
Ranked 121st.
72.5
Ranked 62nd. 45% more than Poland

Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 503
Ranked 10th. 2% more than United Kingdom
491
Ranked 24th.
High school > Lower secondary starting age 13
Ranked 5th. 18% more than United Kingdom
11
Ranked 170th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 3.03%
Ranked 104th.
5.07%
Ranked 93th. 68% more than Poland

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.63
Ranked 46th.
99.95
Ranked 30th. About the same as Poland

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 97%
Ranked 40th.
100%
Ranked 6th. 3% more than Poland

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 70th.
7
Ranked 51st. 17% more than Poland
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 20.2
Ranked 61st.
26.3
Ranked 55th. 30% more than Poland
Primary education > Pupils 2.86 million
Ranked 41st.
4.69 million
Ranked 24th. 64% more than Poland

Secondary education > Pupils 3.48 million
Ranked 25th.
5.7 million
Ranked 14th. 64% more than Poland

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 83.5%
Ranked 38th.
99.8%
Ranked 5th. 20% more than Poland

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 101.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.
163.68 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 61% more than Poland

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 57.81%
Ranked 28th. 3% more than United Kingdom
55.9%
Ranked 41st.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 796,143
Ranked 12th. 77% more than United Kingdom
451,007
Ranked 18th.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 67.65%
Ranked 59th. 2% more than United Kingdom
66.37%
Ranked 63th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 10.16
Ranked 124th.
17.27
Ranked 78th. 70% more than Poland

Secondary education > Teachers 242,078
Ranked 18th.
372,887
Ranked 15th. 54% more than Poland

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 15 years
Ranked 24th.
16 years
Ranked 19th. 7% more than Poland
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 3.9 million
Ranked 26th.
9.71 million
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Poland

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 177.2
Ranked 31st.
810.66
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Poland

Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 496
Ranked 21st.
506
Ranked 11th. 2% more than Poland
Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 502
Ranked 11th. 2% more than United Kingdom
492
Ranked 24th.
Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 29th. The same as United Kingdom
6
Ranked 84th.
Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 76.1%
Ranked 2nd. 51% more than United Kingdom
50.4%
Ranked 6th.
Expected duration of education for all students 16.3 years
Ranked 19th.
18.9 years
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than Poland
Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.26%
Ranked 78th.
101.28%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than Poland

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 109,138
Ranked 36th. 16 times more than United Kingdom
6,643
Ranked 77th.

Public spending per student > Secondary level 12
Ranked 57th.
14.9
Ranked 48th. 24% more than Poland
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.59%
Ranked 71st.
48.79%
Ranked 50th. About the same as Poland

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 1.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 86th. 106 times more than United Kingdom
0.018 per 1,000 people
Ranked 121st.

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 498
Ranked 16th.
503
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Poland
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 97%
Ranked 37th.
100%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than Poland

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 15th. 14% more than United Kingdom
14
Ranked 190th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 5th. 40% more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 170th.

Library books 2.73 million
Ranked 19th.
27.9 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Poland
Elementary school repeaters > All 0.71
Ranked 105th.
0.0
Ranked 121st.

School life expectancy > Male 14 years
Ranked 26th.
16 years
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Poland
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 5.8%
Ranked 16th.
19.1%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Poland
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 68.18 per 1,000 people
Ranked 85th.
73.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th. 8% more than Poland

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 78.03
Ranked 127th. 3% more than United Kingdom
75.65
Ranked 132nd.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.078 per capita
Ranked 126th. 3% more than United Kingdom
0.076 per capita
Ranked 130th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 96%
Ranked 43th.
100%
Ranked 11th. 4% more than Poland

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 0.57%
Ranked 27th.
1.76%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Poland
Library books per 1000 70.63
Ranked 35th.
475.44
Ranked 20th. 7 times more than Poland
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 11.1
Ranked 130th.
18.2
Ranked 98th. 64% more than Poland
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 84%
Ranked 16th.
87%
Ranked 7th. 4% more than Poland
Primary education > Teachers 226,099
Ranked 18th.
258,966
Ranked 16th. 15% more than Poland

Secondary education > Vocational pupils 876,864
Ranked 13th.
1.3 million
Ranked 10th. 48% more than Poland

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 47.83%
Ranked 113th.
54.2%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Poland

Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 173.99 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than United Kingdom
149.45 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 5th.
Private school enrolment > Primary level 0.9
Ranked 81st.
4.8
Ranked 52nd. 5 times more than Poland
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 28th. The same as United Kingdom
6
Ranked 82nd.

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 23.9%
Ranked 16th.
49.6%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Poland
Library employees 590
Ranked 6th.
2,868
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Poland
Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.92
Ranked 44th. 37% more than United Kingdom
4.33
Ranked 82nd.

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 91.14
Ranked 59th.
95.2
Ranked 47th. 4% more than Poland

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.854 per 1,000 people
Ranked 86th. 214 times more than United Kingdom
0.004 per 1,000 people
Ranked 114th.

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.5%
Ranked 65th.
48.8%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Poland
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $207.54 billion
Ranked 17th.
$1.58 trillion
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Poland
Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 4th. 40% more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 191st.

Scouting > Members 33,506
Ranked 41st.
528,263
Ranked 9th. 16 times more than Poland
Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 69.62%
Ranked 70th.
70.93%
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Poland

High school > Share of total education spending 35.5%
Ranked 50th.
48.32%
Ranked 7th. 36% more than Poland

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 90.9%
Ranked 9th.
93.7%
Ranked 5th. 3% more than Poland
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 2.42 million
Ranked 32nd.
4.64 million
Ranked 14th. 92% more than Poland

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 6.34
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than United Kingdom
6.23
Ranked 54th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 68.18
Ranked 84th.
73.53
Ranked 69th. 8% more than Poland

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.47
Ranked 48th.
99.93
Ranked 27th. About the same as Poland

Children out of school > Primary > Male 40,553
Ranked 37th. 48 times more than United Kingdom
853
Ranked 95th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.99
Ranked 72nd.
0.994
Ranked 63th. About the same as Poland

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 48.3%
Ranked 84th.
52.7%
Ranked 12th. 9% more than Poland
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 9.3
Ranked 52nd.
102.9
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Poland
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 101.89
Ranked 45th.
163.61
Ranked 2nd. 61% more than Poland

Scouting > Members per thousand people 0.869
Ranked 95th.
8.35
Ranked 17th. 10 times more than Poland
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 12.52%
Ranked 23th.
24.12%
Ranked 10th. 93% more than Poland
School life expectancy > Female 14.7 years
Ranked 21st.
16.8 years
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Poland
Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.32
Ranked 111th.
0.0
Ranked 117th.

Elementary school repeaters > Male 1.07
Ranked 99th.
0.0
Ranked 118th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 1.06 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd. 76 times more than United Kingdom
0.014 per 1,000 people
Ranked 114th.

High school teachers 261,050
Ranked 17th.
378,882
Ranked 13th. 45% more than Poland

Elementary school teachers 233,612
Ranked 20th.
244,391
Ranked 14th. 5% more than Poland

Homeschooling prevalance Unknown 60000
Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 18%
Ranked 16th.
30.5%
Ranked 14th. 69% more than Poland
Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 90%
Ranked 25th.
103%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Poland
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 33%
Ranked 9th. The same as United Kingdom
33%
Ranked 10th.
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 3.44 million
Ranked 22nd.
5.75 million
Ranked 14th. 67% more than Poland

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 74.79
Ranked 129th.
78.27
Ranked 121st. 5% more than Poland

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 91.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th.
95.25 per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Poland

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 101.12
Ranked 67th.
102.94
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Poland

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.0149%
Ranked 27th.
0.0285%
Ranked 23th. 91% more than Poland
Young longtext readers 23.9%
Ranked 11th.
35%
Ranked 3rd. 46% more than Poland
Young shorttext readers 11.4%
Ranked 23th. 34% more than United Kingdom
8.5%
Ranked 27th.
Library members 40,282
Ranked 16th.
66,000
Ranked 10th. 64% more than Poland
Library members per 1000 1.04
Ranked 34th.
1.12
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Poland
Library employees per million 15.26
Ranked 36th.
48.87
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Poland
Progression to secondary level 26
Ranked 35th.
96
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Poland
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 92%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than United Kingdom
84%
Ranked 25th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 0.0
Ranked 31st.
54%
Ranked 17th.
Expected duration of education for males 15.9 years
Ranked 19th.
17.9 years
Ranked 5th. 13% more than Poland
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 27%
Ranked 11th.
33%
Ranked 9th. 22% more than Poland
Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 56.02%
Ranked 18th. 17% more than United Kingdom
48%
Ranked 28th.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 97.51% net
Ranked 25th.
98.7% net
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Poland

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 97.16% net
Ranked 30th.
98.69% net
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Poland

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 64.83%
Ranked 61st.
77.97%
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Poland

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 71.8%
Ranked 3rd. 57% more than United Kingdom
45.6%
Ranked 44th.

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5.17%
Ranked 53th.
6.3%
Ranked 25th. 22% more than Poland

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 58.1%
Ranked 7th. 40% more than United Kingdom
41.5%
Ranked 30th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 72.1%
Ranked 4th. 51% more than United Kingdom
47.8%
Ranked 37th.

Education spending > % of GDP 5.6%
Ranked 40th. 6% more than United Kingdom
5.3%
Ranked 47th.
School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 98.61% gross
Ranked 108th.
106.5% gross
Ranked 52nd. 8% more than Poland

Primary education > Teachers > % female 84.75% female
Ranked 33th. 4% more than United Kingdom
81.46% female
Ranked 44th.

Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 21.71%
Ranked 42nd.
28.36%
Ranked 16th. 31% more than Poland

Share of university qualifications awarded to females > Second degree 68%
Ranked 2nd. 26% more than United Kingdom
54%
Ranked 11th.
Secondary education > Pupils > % female 49.12% female
Ranked 60th.
49.37% female
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 95.83%
Ranked 37th.
99.69%
Ranked 4th. 4% more than Poland

Government spending on education > % of government spending 11.72%
Ranked 55th. 1% more than United Kingdom
11.66%
Ranked 56th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 96.89%
Ranked 118th.
106.4%
Ranked 47th. 10% more than Poland

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 3.03%
Ranked 102nd.
5.07%
Ranked 91st. 68% more than Poland

Primary education, pupils > % female 48.59%
Ranked 69th.
48.77%
Ranked 49th. About the same as Poland

School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 98.98%
Ranked 96th.
106.72%
Ranked 48th. 8% more than Poland

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 52.99%
Ranked 9th. 8% more than United Kingdom
49.15%
Ranked 91st.

Total enrollment, primary, male > % net 96.37%
Ranked 42nd.
99.71%
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Poland

Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force 6.2%
Ranked 44th.
17.1%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Poland

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 28.2%
Ranked 23th.
38.1%
Ranked 6th. 35% more than Poland

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > % 98.65%
Ranked 74th.
101.1%
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Poland

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > % 99.65%
Ranked 42nd.
99.71%
Ranked 40th. The same as Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 60.25%
Ranked 69th.
80.53%
Ranked 44th. 34% more than Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net 95.57%
Ranked 38th.
99.59%
Ranked 3rd. 4% more than Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 97.25%
Ranked 123th.
106.46%
Ranked 59th. 9% more than Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 95.33%
Ranked 42nd.
99.5%
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Poland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 2.05%
Ranked 108th.
4.98%
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than Poland

Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI 5.62% of GNI
Ranked 32nd. 5% more than United Kingdom
5.33% of GNI
Ranked 42nd.

Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP 5.62%
Ranked 39th. 3% more than United Kingdom
5.48%
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment 18%
Ranked 26th.
30.3%
Ranked 31st. 68% more than Poland

Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment 75.4%
Ranked 2nd. 70% more than United Kingdom
44.4%
Ranked 33th.

Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita 22.89%
Ranked 15th. 24% more than United Kingdom
18.44%
Ranked 36th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 96.17% gross
Ranked 35th.
103.05% gross
Ranked 19th. 7% more than Poland

Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita 19.75%
Ranked 55th.
28.06%
Ranked 44th. 42% more than Poland

School enrollment > Primary > % net 97.33% net
Ranked 26th.
98.69% net
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Poland

Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 18th.
2%
Ranked 10th.
School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 96.7% gross
Ranked 36th.
104.53% gross
Ranked 16th. 8% more than Poland

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 44.18%
Ranked 57th.
68.87%
Ranked 17th. 56% more than Poland
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 15 years
Ranked 19th.
16 years
Ranked 14th. 7% more than Poland
School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 97.25% gross
Ranked 38th.
106.08% gross
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Poland

School enrollment, primary, female > % net 96.32%
Ranked 30th.
99.62%
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Poland

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://www.ibo.org/facts/schoolstats/progsbycountry.cfm; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; OECD; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; World Bank national accounts data; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Human Development Programme; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

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