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People Stats: compare key data on South Africa & United States

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups: Foreign residents in Sydney by country of origin in 2006.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups per 1000: Foreign residents in Sydney by country of origin in 2006. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese: Number of residents who are Lebanese-born or of Lebanese descent.
  • Brisbane > Demographics: Foreign residents in Brisbane by country of origin in 2006.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males: People - Women - Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2002
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Skilled attendant at delivery %: People - Women - Skilled attendant at delivery (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1, male (% of official school-age population). Net intake rate. Primary. Male is the number of new male entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of the official primary school-entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of the same age.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Labor force, female > % of total labor force: Labor force, female (% of total labor force). Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
STAT South Africa United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 42.4 years
Ranked 141st.
44.38 years
Ranked 117th. 5% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.73%
Ranked 60th. About the same as United States
16.71%
Ranked 62nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 10.73 million
Ranked 40th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.71%
Ranked 62nd. 4% more than United States
11.22%
Ranked 80th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 7.51 million
Ranked 40th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 62.17%
Ranked 140th.
76.73%
Ranked 93th. 23% more than South Africa

Birth rate 19.14 births/1,000 population
Ranked 94th. 40% more than United States
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th.

Death rate 17.36 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Ethnic groups black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 32.74 million
Ranked 35th.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Mother's mean age at first birth 22.5
Ranked 2nd.
25
Ranked 5th. 11% more than South Africa
Population 48.6 million
Ranked 26th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.2
Ranked 128th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.2%
Ranked 128th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate -0.45%
Ranked 220th.
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 27.74%
Ranked 139th.
32.24%
Ranked 107th. 16% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 39.55 million
Ranked 36th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 3.51 million
Ranked 40th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 31.3%
Ranked 22nd.
33%
Ranked 16th. 5% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 55.53%
Ranked 57th. 9% more than United States
51.06%
Ranked 99th.

Population in 2015 47,902 thousand
Ranked 27th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 9.47 million
Ranked 2nd.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than South Africa

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.55
Ranked 20th. 68% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Total fertility rate 2.25 children born/woman
Ranked 97th. 9% more than United States
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 21.61%
Ranked 139th.
26.71%
Ranked 104th. 24% more than South Africa

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.58
Ranked 85th. 18% more than United States
0.49
Ranked 133th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 28.3%
Ranked 92nd. 42% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.

Gender > Male population 31.4 million
Ranked 35th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 17.79 million
Ranked 34th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 61.66%
Ranked 57th. 9% more than United States
56.58%
Ranked 104th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 6.1%
Ranked 122nd.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than South Africa

Nationality > Noun South African(s) American(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 35.05%
Ranked 139th.
47.21%
Ranked 101st. 35% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.47%
Ranked 64th.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 1% more than South Africa

Physicians density 0.76 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 21st.
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 13.86 million
Ranked 35th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 35.61 million
Ranked 36th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 4.32 million
Ranked 39th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than South Africa

Cities > Urban population 73,542
Ranked 101st.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 15% more than South Africa

Abortion > Abortion rate 4.5 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 2nd.
20.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than South Africa
Nationality > Adjective South African American
Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 96th. 2% more than United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.26%
Ranked 60th. 1% more than United States
11.17%
Ranked 64th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.02 male(s)/female
Ranked 214th.
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th. 3% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 6.73%
Ranked 139th.
11.18%
Ranked 93th. 66% more than South Africa

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.03
Ranked 168th.
1.05
Ranked 132nd. 2% more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 7.22 million
Ranked 40th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Migration > Net migration rate 4.98 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 23th. 71% more than United States
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 22.5
Ranked 2nd.
25
Ranked 5th. 11% more than South Africa
Future population change -129,024.8
Ranked 176th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Urban population 27.8 million
Ranked 25th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than South Africa

Urbanization in 2015 67.2%
Ranked 71st.
81%
Ranked 37th. 21% more than South Africa
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 14,929.15 per 1 million people
Ranked 43th.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th. 28% more than South Africa

Median age > Total 25.5 years
Ranked 142nd.
37.2 years
Ranked 61st. 46% more than South Africa

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 49.48 years
Ranked 220th.
78.62 years
Ranked 50th. 59% more than South Africa

Urban and rural > Urban population 32.56 million
Ranked 10th.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than South Africa

Projected population growth -25.35%
Ranked 138th.
45.31%
Ranked 78th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 30.6
Ranked 8th. 14% more than United States
26.9
Ranked 5th.
Age structure > 15-64 years 65.7%
Ranked 116th.
66.5%
Ranked 101st. 1% more than South Africa

Literacy > Total population 93%
Ranked 121st.
99%
Ranked 35th. 6% more than South Africa

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 45.4%
Ranked 81st. 54% more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 138th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 33
Ranked 6th. 15% more than United States
28.8
Ranked 6th.
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.12%
Ranked 104th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 9% more than South Africa

Gender > Women aged 15-49 13.52 million
Ranked 39th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa

Percentage living in urban areas 57%
Ranked 100th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 40% more than South Africa
Migration > Net migration 700,001
Ranked 11th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than South Africa

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 15 13
Population > CIA Factbook 48.78 million
Ranked 24th.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than South Africa

Teenage pregancy rate 58.36
Ranked 66th. 67% more than United States
34.96
Ranked 99th.

Population density 40.18
Ranked 137th. 21% more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 191st.
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th. 3% more than South Africa

Percentage living in rural areas. 43%
Ranked 96th. 2 times more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 42.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than United States
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 38.1%
Ranked 143th.
40.2%
Ranked 117th. 6% more than South Africa
Urban and rural > Rural population 19.21 million
Ranked 12th.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than South Africa

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.751
Ranked 17th. 2% more than United States
0.739
Ranked 23th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 20.6%
Ranked 37th. 50% more than United States
13.7%
Ranked 169th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.462
Ranked 57th. 80% more than United States
0.256
Ranked 103th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 643.63
Ranked 35th.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 25% more than South Africa

Rural population 19.08 million
Ranked 28th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than South Africa

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 384
Ranked 106th.
2,368
Ranked 68th. 6 times more than South Africa

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 1.16 billion
Ranked 36th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 42 times more than South Africa

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.44
Ranked 93th. 29% more than United States
1.89
Ranked 134th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 6.9%
Ranked 122nd.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 78% more than South Africa
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 21
Ranked 8th. 17% more than United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 18 14
Gender > Female population per thousand people 530.08
Ranked 7th. 3% more than United States
513.11
Ranked 32nd.

Future population > Males 26.71 million
Ranked 31st.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 83th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 31% more than South Africa

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 21.32
Ranked 86th. 68% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02
Ranked 64th. 2% more than United States
1
Ranked 105th.

Cities > Cities larger than the capital Johannesburg is the largest city, Durban is slightly smaller than Cape Town but larger than Pretoria and Bloemfontein combined New York City , Los Angeles , Chicago , Houston , Philadelphia , Phoenix , San Antonio , San Diego , Dallas , San Jose , Austin , Jacksonville , Indianapolis , San Francisco , Columbus , Fort Worth , Charlotte , Detroit , El Paso , Memphis , Boston , Seattle , Denver ( Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks 4th)
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.488
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 53.9%
Ranked 93th. 7% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 119th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 41.7 sq. km
Ranked 152nd. 22% more than United States
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 669.65
Ranked 67th.
677.3
Ranked 56th. 1% more than South Africa

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 91% of population
Ranked 76th.
99% of population
Ranked 12th. 9% more than South Africa
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 205.03
Ranked 41st. 44% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 4.5%
Ranked 32nd.
5.9%
Ranked 14th. 31% more than South Africa

Life expectancy at birth > Female 48.51 years
Ranked 221st.
81.17 years
Ranked 53th. 67% more than South Africa

Hospital bed density 2.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 3rd.
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. 7% more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 59.9%
Ranked 11th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 28% more than South Africa

Contraceptive prevalence rate 59.9%
Ranked 1st.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 28% more than South Africa
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 11.7
Ranked 96th. 2 times more than United States
4.8
Ranked 158th.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 379.77
Ranked 34th. 97% more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 15
Ranked 16th.
18
Ranked 36th. 20% more than South Africa
Urbanization 58
Ranked 98th.
77
Ranked 44th. 33% more than South Africa
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 8.5%
Ranked 100th.
21%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than South Africa
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.67 male(s)/female
Ranked 186th.
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd. 15% more than South Africa

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 33.3
Ranked 61st. 6 times more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 83.68
Ranked 96th.
186.84
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than South Africa

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 47,974
Ranked 35th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 13.8%
Ranked 9th. 73% more than United States
8%
Ranked 16th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 305.8
Ranked 78th. 53% more than United States
200.26
Ranked 139th.

Population in largest city 3.25 million
Ranked 39th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Africa

Population, total 51.19 million
Ranked 26th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than South Africa

Gender ratio > Whole population 103.6%
Ranked 63th. About the same as United States
103.3%
Ranked 65th.

Literacy > Female 92.2%
Ranked 44th.
99%
Ranked 15th. 7% more than South Africa
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 351,985
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
103,121
Ranked 24th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.893 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th. 3% more than South Africa

Life expectancy at birth > Male 50.43 years
Ranked 214th.
76.19 years
Ranked 48th. 51% more than South Africa

Net migration -100,000
Ranked 152nd.
5 million
Ranked 1st.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 27th.
4.2%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than South Africa

Maternal mortality rate 300 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 37th. 14 times more than United States
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 16 June 1968 30 December 1999
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 340,363
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
92,855
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 11.31 million
Ranked 8th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 1
Ranked 93th. The same as United States
0.999
Ranked 94th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 33% of population
Ranked 81st. 33 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 153th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.53
Ranked 29th. 96% more than United States
0.271
Ranked 78th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 52.52
Ranked 73th. 60% more than United States
32.73
Ranked 105th.

Languages IsiZulu (official) 23.82%, IsiXhosa (official) 17.64%, Afrikaans (official) 13.35%, Sepedi (offcial) 9.39%, English (official) 8.2%, Setswana (official) 8.2%, Sesotho (official) 7.93%, Xitsonga (official) 4.44%, siSwati (official) 2.66%, Tshivenda (official) 2.28%, isiNdebele (official) 1.59%, other 0.5% English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 639.75
Ranked 52nd. 3% more than United States
622.34
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 110.63
Ranked 72nd. 67% more than United States
66.08
Ranked 135th.

Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups 28,427
Ranked 11th. 68% more than United States
16,900
Ranked 18th.
Rural population per 1000 404.32
Ranked 106th. 2 times more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 15 13
Future population > Females 26.53 million
Ranked 30th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 3,200
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than United States
880
Ranked 45th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 49.8%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 71st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 13 years
Ranked 83th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 31% more than South Africa
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 9.31
Ranked 102nd.
36.67
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 3.4
Ranked 13th. 21% more than United States
2.8
Ranked 13th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 55%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 43th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 499.14
Ranked 84th. 1% more than United States
496.34
Ranked 103th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 1,300
Ranked 49th.
3.16 million
Ranked 3rd. 2433 times more than South Africa
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.6%
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 27.9 years
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
26.3 years
Ranked 8th.
Education expenditures 6% of GDP
Ranked 14th. 11% more than United States
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th.

Number of infant deaths 37,000
Ranked 27th. 48% more than United States
25,000
Ranked 39th.

Number of under-five deaths 50,000
Ranked 26th. 72% more than United States
29,000
Ranked 43th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $7,507.67
Ranked 70th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than South Africa

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 1.23e-06
Ranked 188th. 5 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 30.19 million
Ranked 23th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than South Africa

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 53.78
Ranked 99th.
131.88
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than South Africa

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 852
Ranked 87th.
1,200
Ranked 79th. 41% more than South Africa
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population 118,816
Ranked 8th. 83% more than United States
64,832
Ranked 16th.
Infant mortality rate > Female 38.33 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 53th. 7 times more than United States
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 29 Jan 1993 16 Feb 1995
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 65.5%
Ranked 106th.
67.1%
Ranked 75th. 2% more than South Africa

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 5
Ranked 16th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than South Africa
Gender ratio > Babies 98%
Ranked 30th. 3% more than United States
95.2%
Ranked 116th.

Urban population per 1000 589.1
Ranked 84th.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 38% more than South Africa

Urban and rural > Male urban population 11.61 million
Ranked 8th.
121.7 million
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than South Africa

Urban and rural > Female urban population 12.28 million
Ranked 9th.
127.55 million
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than South Africa

Urban and rural > Male rural population 10.26 million
Ranked 10th.
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Median age > Both sexes 24.7
Ranked 137th.
36.9
Ranked 3rd. 49% more than South Africa
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.05 million
Ranked 34th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than South Africa

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 7.15 million
Ranked 25th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than South Africa

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population Johannesburg 3.607 million; Cape Town 3.353 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.144 million; Durban 2.837 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.404 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 79th.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 23% more than South Africa

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.069 per capita
Ranked 103th. 10% more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 51st. 7 times more than United States
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Literacy > Male 93.9%
Ranked 118th.
99%
Ranked 44th. 5% more than South Africa

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 4
Ranked 9th.
21
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than South Africa
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 45.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
18.7%
Ranked 52nd.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 1% of population
Ranked 119th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 79% of population
Ranked 78th.
100% of population
Ranked 3rd. 27% more than South Africa

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.723
Ranked 61st. 9 times more than United States
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Total Population per capita 0.936
Ranked 176th.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 8% more than South Africa
Gender ratio > Urban population 105.7%
Ranked 35th. About the same as United States
105.2%
Ranked 27th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 146.48
Ranked 97th. 43% more than United States
102.79
Ranked 142nd.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.3%
Ranked 116th.
12.7%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 19%
Ranked 62nd.
42%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than South Africa
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.6%
Ranked 33th.
4%
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than South Africa
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 145.1
Ranked 25th. 12% more than United States
129.9
Ranked 64th.

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 252.7
Ranked 16th. 35% more than United States
186.6
Ranked 57th.

Religions Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 21% of population
Ranked 68th. 4 times more than United States
6% of population
Ranked 116th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.593 per capita
Ranked 87th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 36% more than South Africa

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 478.96
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States
134.94
Ranked 138th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.88
Ranked 8th. 79% more than United States
0.491
Ranked 78th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.65
Ranked 116th. 27% more than United States
0.51
Ranked 124th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 14.08 million
Ranked 20th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than South Africa

Gender development 0.689
Ranked 85th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 36% more than South Africa
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 59.9%
Ranked 11th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 28% more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 4.6%
Ranked 13th.
11.8%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than South Africa

Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups per 1000 0.596
Ranked 14th. 11 times more than United States
0.0566
Ranked 19th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 13 years
Ranked 76th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 23% more than South Africa
Median age > Male 25.2 years
Ranked 143th.
35.9 years
Ranked 61st. 42% more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 6th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 38% more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.7
Ranked 13th.
1.5
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than South Africa
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 13 years
Ranked 4th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 38% more than South Africa
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 19.13 million
Ranked 28th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than South Africa

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 105.7
Ranked 35th. About the same as United States
105.2
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 110.2
Ranked 5th. 11% more than United States
99
Ranked 37th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 29.2%
Ranked 103th. 45% more than United States
20.1%
Ranked 157th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 325.66
Ranked 90th.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 3% more than South Africa

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.52 million
Ranked 31st.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than South Africa

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 31.11
Ranked 102nd.
73.75
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than South Africa

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 15%
Ranked 97th.
57%
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than South Africa
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 2.49
Ranked 20th. 11 times more than United States
0.217
Ranked 43th.
Female population > Age 15-19 2.53 million
Ranked 19th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than South Africa
Median age > Female 25.8 years
Ranked 142nd.
38.5 years
Ranked 58th. 49% more than South Africa

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 885.61
Ranked 136th.
9,044
Ranked 51st. 10 times more than South Africa

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.4%
Ranked 128th. 8% more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 137th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 86% of population
Ranked 115th.
100% of population
Ranked 15th. 16% more than South Africa

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 9.29 per 1 million people
Ranked 149th. 32% more than United States
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 279.24
Ranked 23th. 16% more than United States
241.41
Ranked 133th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 49.1
Ranked 57th. 6 times more than United States
7.8
Ranked 149th.

Future population > Males per thousand people 485.85
Ranked 118th.
501
Ranked 73th. 3% more than South Africa
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa Waiver Program
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes For a marriage under the Marriage Act, 1961 , parental consent is required for the marriage of a party under the age of majority , which was formerly 21 but is now 18. The special consent of the Minister of Home Affairs is also required for the marriage of a girl under the age of 15 or a boy under the age of 18. Generally 18, but varies by state. Most states allow minors to marry with judicial and/or parental consent. Main article: Age of marriage in United States of America
International migrant stock, total 1.86 million
Ranked 27th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than South Africa

International migrant stock, total per 1000 37.26
Ranked 104th.
138.41
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than South Africa

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 230
Ranked 59th. 14 times more than United States
17
Ranked 135th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 80,000
Ranked 14th.
8.3 million
Ranked 1st. 104 times more than South Africa
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 140
Ranked 133th.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 17 times more than South Africa

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 4
Ranked 173th.
52
Ranked 83th. 13 times more than South Africa
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 914
Ranked 74th.
8,424
Ranked 25th. 9 times more than South Africa
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0191
Ranked 102nd. 11 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.4%
Ranked 8th. The same as United States
0.4%
Ranked 13th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 21.53
Ranked 114th.
53.48
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than South Africa

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 7.12 million
Ranked 25th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than South Africa

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 38,305
Ranked 36th.
250,535
Ranked 7th. 7 times more than South Africa
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 55%
Ranked 38th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 29% more than South Africa
Total Population > Female 22.72 million
Ranked 27th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 1.25 million
Ranked 31st.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than South Africa

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 30.3 years
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
28.6 years
Ranked 8th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 150
Ranked 60th. 19 times more than United States
8
Ranked 132nd.
Future population > Females per thousand people 499.88
Ranked 99th.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 3% more than South Africa
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 145.1%
Ranked 25th. 12% more than United States
129.9%
Ranked 64th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 252.7
Ranked 16th. 35% more than United States
186.6
Ranked 57th.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 159.1
Ranked 20th. 15% more than United States
138
Ranked 60th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese 20,000
Ranked 25th.
3.3 million
Ranked 2nd. 165 times more than South Africa
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 17 January 1857 24 September 1880
Brisbane > Demographics 12,824
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
6,057
Ranked 13th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 31.54
Ranked 151st.
32.69
Ranked 139th. 4% more than South Africa
Male population > Age 25-29 1.96 million
Ranked 25th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than South Africa
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 54.18
Ranked 79th. 45% more than United States
37.27
Ranked 155th.
Female population > Age 25-29 1.85 million
Ranked 25th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than South Africa
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 50.55
Ranked 91st. 49% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 150th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 107.71
Ranked 79th. 48% more than United States
72.63
Ranked 156th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 101.6
Ranked 94th. 46% more than United States
69.51
Ranked 151st.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 53.53
Ranked 71st. 51% more than United States
35.37
Ranked 156th.
Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population 33.5%
Ranked 21st.
44.64%
Ranked 9th. 33% more than South Africa

Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.66
Ranked 99th.
4.52
Ranked 44th. 70% more than South Africa
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 10.47
Ranked 118th.
21.8
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than South Africa
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 113
Ranked 10th. 5% more than United States
108
Ranked 60th.
Urbanization in 1975 48%
Ranked 68th.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 54% more than South Africa
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 99.48
Ranked 67th. 40% more than United States
70.89
Ranked 156th.
Total population > Age 35-39 2.68 million
Ranked 29th.
21.03 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than South Africa
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 4.43
Ranked 43th. 28% more than United States
3.46
Ranked 185th.
Amateur radio operator > Demographics of amateur radio operators > Year of > Report 1994 2000
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 6.06
Ranked 149th.
7.05
Ranked 97th. 16% more than South Africa
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.93
Ranked 126th.
2.46
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than South Africa
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 94
Ranked 40th.
99
Ranked 12th. 5% more than South Africa
Male population > Age 40-44 1.16 million
Ranked 31st.
11.11 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than South Africa
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.45
Ranked 116th.
2.85
Ranked 57th. 97% more than South Africa
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 2.07
Ranked 106th.
3.48
Ranked 62nd. 68% more than South Africa
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 8.75
Ranked 117th.
24.87
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than South Africa
Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 225.28
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than United States
97.25
Ranked 61st.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 14% of population
Ranked 81st.
0.0
Ranked 152nd.

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 60%
Ranked 171st.
69.3%
Ranked 131st. 16% more than South Africa

Total population > Age 10-14 4.8 million
Ranked 22nd.
20.54 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than South Africa
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 57,899
Ranked 38th.
264,763
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than South Africa

Rural population growth > Annual % -0.04%
Ranked 123th.
-0.82%
Ranked 160th. 21 times more than South Africa

Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 11.51
Ranked 27th. 60% more than United States
7.19
Ranked 176th.
Total population 44.19 million
Ranked 27th.
298.44 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than South Africa
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.99
Ranked 88th.
3.12
Ranked 34th. 57% more than South Africa
Female population > Age 50-54 1.09 million
Ranked 28th.
10.47 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than South Africa
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.46
Ranked 98th.
3.51
Ranked 31st. 43% more than South Africa
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.12
Ranked 121st.
2.16
Ranked 45th. 93% more than South Africa
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 84
Ranked 102nd.
99
Ranked 40th. 18% more than South Africa
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 2.62
Ranked 114th.
7.24
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than South Africa
Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 11.95%
Ranked 101st. 56% more than United States
7.67%
Ranked 109th.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $6,003.46
Ranked 70th.
$45,335.90
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than South Africa

Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population 57.35%
Ranked 40th.
76.13%
Ranked 24th. 33% more than South Africa

Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 97.75%
Ranked 50th.
98.1%
Ranked 49th. About the same as South Africa

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 99.27%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than United States
97.56%
Ranked 49th.

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 44.2%
Ranked 139th.
56.8%
Ranked 66th. 29% more than South Africa

Labor force, female > % of total labor force 44.57%
Ranked 87th.
46.3%
Ranked 60th. 4% more than South Africa

Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 33.9
Ranked 138th. 2% more than United States
33.27
Ranked 146th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.00848
Ranked 162nd.
0.0121
Ranked 157th. 43% more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 13 years
Ranked 64th.
15 years
Ranked 32nd. 15% more than South Africa

Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population 38.78%
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than United States
18%
Ranked 160th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 79% of population
Ranked 129th.
94% of population
Ranked 79th. 19% more than South Africa

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