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Ethiopia

Ethiopia Transport Stats

Definitions

  • Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Airports > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces)
  • Airports per million: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Highways > Paved: total length of the paved parts of the highway system
  • Highways > Paved > Per capita: total length of the paved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Total: total length of the highway system
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Total per 1000: total length of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Merchant marine > Ships by type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all non-military ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.; or a grouping of merchant ships by nationality o
  • Merchant marine > Total: 1000 GRT or over
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Ports and harbors: The major ports and harbors selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. This is determined by evaluating a number of factors (e.g., dollar value of goods handled, gross tonnage, facilities, and military significance).
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Total: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available.
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Total network > Km: Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Roadways > Paved: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Roadways > Paved per thousand people: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Roadways > Total: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Vehicle abundance: Vehicles per populated land area
    Units: Vehicles/Populated Land Area (in km2)
    Units: Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then utilized this land area as the denominator for the vehicles data.

  • Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km 227.76 2008 37th out of 101
Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km 132.6 million tons/km 2005 55th out of 137
Air transport > Passengers carried 2.72 million 2008 47th out of 101
Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita 32.89 per 1,000 people 2008 86th out of 100
Airports 57 2013 84th out of 235
Airports > Per $ GDP 6.31 per $1 billion of GDP 2006 57th out of 169
Airports > Per capita 0.768 per 1 million people 2010 127th out of 133
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m 3 2013 74th out of 158
Airports > With paved runways > Total 17 2013 89th out of 233
Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m 20 2013 48th out of 162
Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 40 2013 70th out of 195
Airports per million 0.7 2010 188th out of 197
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 1.65 billion 2012 100th out of 204
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita 17.95 2012 196th out of 201
Highways > Paved 3,789 km 2000 48th out of 65
Highways > Paved > Per capita 0.059 km per 1,000 people 2000 57th out of 57
Highways > Total 31,571 km 2000 40th out of 69
Highways > Total > Per capita 0.491 km per 1,000 people 2000 60th out of 60
Highways > Total per 1000 0.478 km 2000 61st out of 61
Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high 2.16 2012 139th out of 154
Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0235 2012 145th out of 154
Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0244 2012 145th out of 154
Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried 4.94 million 2012 53th out of 151
Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $17.00 million 1997 33th out of 48
Merchant marine > Ships by type cargo 5, container 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 2 2002
Merchant marine > Total 8 2013 117th out of 145
Merchant marine > Total > Dwt 152,418 Dwt 2007 93th out of 155
Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 3 2007 136th out of 141
Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 0.9 2007 133th out of 134
Ports and harbors none; Ethiopia is landlocked and was by agreement with Eritrea using the ports of Assab and Massawa; since the border dispute with Eritrea flared, Ethiopia has used the port of Djibouti for nearly all of its imports 2005
Ports and terminals Ethiopia is landlocked and uses ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia 2013
Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 3.5 2012 112th out of 144
Rail > Railway length 699 km 2014 104th out of 147
Rail lines > Total route-km 781 1991 67th out of 76
Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km 157 1991 68th out of 74
Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km 781 1991 71st out of 81
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 157 1991 73th out of 80
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million 3.16 1991 79th out of 80
Railways > Total 681 km 2013 102nd out of 134
Railways > Total > Per capita 0.008 km per 1,000 people 2008 102nd out of 104
Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 3 2014 190th out of 191
Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 3 2004 75th out of 77
Road network length > Km 2014 95th out of 219
Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 143 2007 114th out of 127
Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita 0.037 per 1,000 people 2001 37th out of 41
Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 3 2007 144th out of 149
Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 1 2007 142nd out of 144
Roads > Roads, total network > Km 44,359 2007 46th out of 86
Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000 0.551 2007 84th out of 86
Roads > Total network > Km 42,429 2007 30th out of 48
Roadways > Paved 6,064 km 2013 80th out of 159
Roadways > Paved per thousand people 0.0646 km 2013 153th out of 157
Roadways > Total 44,359 km 2013 76th out of 195
Roadways > Unpaved 38,295 km 2007 4th out of 15
Vehicle abundance 0.09 per square km 2001 137th out of 141
Vehicles > Per km of road 4 2003 58th out of 61

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organisation, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data files.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report.; Wikipedia: List of countries by rail transport network size (Long List); World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by vehicles per capita; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001

Citation

"Ethiopia Transport Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Ethiopia/Transport/All-stats

Ethiopia Transport Profiles (Subcategories)

Airports 59 Railways 15
Air transport 6 Roads 15
Highways 9 Road sector energy 3
Maritime 136 Roadways 6
Merchant marine 14 Transport services 3