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South Africa

South Africa Transport Stats

Definitions

  • Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Airports > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces)
  • Airports per million: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Commute > Time spent > Cycling: Bike. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Bike".
  • Commute > Time spent > Driving: Driving Car. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Driving Car".
  • Commute > Time spent > On the train: Train Ride. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Train Ride".
  • Commute > Time spent > Total: Overall. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Overall".
  • Commute > Time spent > Waiting: Waiting. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Waiting".
  • Commute > Time spent > Walking: Walking. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Walking".
  • Container port traffic: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Container port traffic per 1000: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Heliports: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services).
  • Highways > Paved: total length of the paved parts of the highway system
  • Highways > Paved > Per capita: total length of the paved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Total: total length of the highway system
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Total per 1000: total length of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inefficiency index: Each country's inefficiency rating in regards to traffic. Long commute times, poor traffic laws and other factors are taken into consideration.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Ships by type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all non-military ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.; or a grouping of merchant ships by nationality o
  • Merchant marine > Total: 1000 GRT or over
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship
  • Motor vehicle > Production: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches.
  • Motor vehicle > Production per 1000: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Pipelines: The lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products
  • Ports and harbors: The major ports and harbors selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. This is determined by evaluating a number of factors (e.g., dollar value of goods handled, gross tonnage, facilities, and military significance).
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Rail > Electrified railway length: Electrified length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Rail > Passenger-km of rail transport per year: Billion passenger-km.
  • Rail > Passengers: Million passengers.
  • Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Total: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Road > Expressway length: Expressway length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road > Length of motorways per capita: Kilometers of motorways per million residents.
  • Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available.
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Time index: Time Index is an average one way time needed to transport, in minutes.
  • Roads > Total network > Km: Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Roads > Traffic index: Traffic Index is a composite index of time consumed in traffic due to job commute, estimation of time consumption dissatisfaction, CO2 consumption estimation in traffic and overall inefficiencies in the traffic system.
  • Roadways > Paved: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Roadways > Paved per thousand people: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Roadways > Total: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Vehicle abundance: Vehicles per populated land area
    Units: Vehicles/Populated Land Area (in km2)
    Units: Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then utilized this land area as the denominator for the vehicles data.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km 760.89 2008 25th out of 101
Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km 923.38 million tons/km 2005 26th out of 137
Air transport > Passengers carried 13.14 million 2008 23th out of 101
Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita 269.26 per 1,000 people 2008 45th out of 100
Airbus A400M > Orders > EIS 2010 2010
Airports 566 2013 11th out of 235
Airports > Per $ GDP 2.87 per $1 billion of GDP 2006 85th out of 169
Airports > Per capita 11.56 per 1 million people 2010 53th out of 133
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m 11 2013 21st out of 158
Airports > With paved runways > Total 144 2013 15th out of 233
Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m 258 2013 7th out of 162
Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 422 2013 12th out of 195
Airports per million 11.56 2010 75th out of 197
Commute > Distance 1 km 2014 37th out of 38
Commute > Time spent > Cycling 0.5 min 2014 9th out of 11
Commute > Time spent > Driving 0.5 min 2014 21st out of 22
Commute > Time spent > On the train 0.5 min 2014 16th out of 19
Commute > Time spent > Total 13 min 2014 34th out of 38
Commute > Time spent > Waiting 0.5 min 2014 22nd out of 28
Commute > Time spent > Walking 8 min 2014 30th out of 35
Container port traffic 2.87 million TEU 2005 25th out of 58
Container port traffic per 1000 60.76 TEU 2005 37th out of 58
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 31.39 billion 2012 26th out of 204
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita 613.16 2012 94th out of 201
Heliports 1 2013 81st out of 108
Highways > Paved 73,506 km 2000 14th out of 65
Highways > Paved > Per capita 1.67 km per 1,000 people 2000 39th out of 57
Highways > Total 362,099 km 2000 7th out of 69
Highways > Total > Per capita 8.23 km per 1,000 people 2000 23th out of 60
Highways > Total per 1000 8.23 km 2000 24th out of 61
Inefficiency index 199.84 2014 9th out of 38
Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high 3.56 2012 23th out of 154
Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0695 2012 123th out of 154
Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0717 2012 123th out of 154
Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried 17.08 million 2012 31st out of 151
Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $145.00 million 2012 18th out of 38
Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 0.72 2012 115th out of 155
Merchant marine > Ships by type container 1, petroleum tanker 2 2003
Merchant marine > Total 3 2013 129th out of 145
Merchant marine > Total > Dwt 32,226 Dwt 2007 118th out of 155
Motor vehicle > Production 380,000 2009 25th out of 50
Motor vehicle > Production per 1000 7.7 2009 29th out of 49
Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 158.89 2007 62nd out of 141
Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 107.85 2007 60th out of 134
Pipelines condensate 11 km; gas 908 km; oil 980 km; refined products 1,379 km 2009
Ports and harbors Cape Town, Durban, East London, Mossel Bay, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha 2005
Ports and terminals Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay 2013
Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 4.7 2012 51st out of 144
Rail > Electrified railway length 24,800 km 2014 2nd out of 43
Rail > Passenger-km of rail transport per year 13.9 billion km 2007 1st out of 1
Rail > Passengers 530 million 2007 1st out of 1
Rail > Railway length 20,247 km 2014 15th out of 147
Rail lines > Total route-km 24,487 2008 11th out of 94
Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km 13,865 2008 17th out of 86
Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km 22,051 2011 13th out of 85
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 18,865 2010 14th out of 77
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million 377.37 2010 31st out of 77
Railways > Total 20,192 km 2013 14th out of 134
Railways > Total > Per capita 0.428 km per 1,000 people 2008 29th out of 104
Road > Expressway length 239 km 2014 52nd out of 59
Road > Length of motorways per capita 1.58 mm 2014 63th out of 93
Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 165 2014 83th out of 191
Road > Motorway density 47.82 m of motorway per square km 2014 62nd out of 93
Road > Motorway length 1,927 km 2014 25th out of 93
Road network length > Km 2014 19th out of 219
Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 8,214 2007 17th out of 127
Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita 0.01 per 1,000 people 2001 38th out of 41
Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 165.14 2010 58th out of 87
Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 111.95 2010 62nd out of 93
Roads > Roads, total network > Km 362,099 2000 10th out of 137
Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000 8.23 2000 37th out of 137
Roads > Time index 41 2014 8th out of 38
Roads > Total network > Km 362,099 2000 13th out of 142
Roads > Traffic index 195.02 2014 5th out of 38
Roadways > Paved 62,995 km 2013 32nd out of 159
Roadways > Paved per thousand people 1.3 km 2013 90th out of 157
Roadways > Total 364,131 km 2013 19th out of 195
Roadways > Unpaved 301,136 km 2002 1st out of 19
Vehicle abundance 9.14 per square km 2001 55th out of 141

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organisation, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Airbus A400M; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; traffic; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Numbeo traffic inefficiency index; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data files.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report.; Wikipedia: List of countries by rail transport network size (Long List); Wikipedia: Rail usage statistics by country (Passenger-km of rail transport per year) (UIC Synopsis 2011 UIC database); Wikipedia: Rail usage statistics by country (Passengers carried in rail transport per year); World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by road network size; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2085.html, Roadways.; Wikipedia: List of countries by vehicles per capita; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001

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