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Education Stats: compare key data on Canada & Italy

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Average IQ: Average IQ of different countries according to the controversial book "IQ and the Wealth of Nations".
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public education funding for all levels that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 30-39: Percentage of primary teachers who are aged 30-39. Data for 1999.
  • Library members per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library employees per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Female teachers > Lower secondary: Percentage share of lower secondary level teachers at who are female. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • School enrollment, preprimary > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Total is the total enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary > % net: School enrollment, primary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Total is the ratio of children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the total population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % gross: School enrollment, secondary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary: School enrollment, secondary, private (% of total secondary). Percentage of private enrolment. Secondary is the enrolment in private secondary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in secondary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Female is the total female enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, tertiary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Tertiary is the total public expenditure per student in tertiary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education (% of total). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education (% of total). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education (% of total unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Primary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Female: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % net: School enrollment, secondary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the ratio of children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the population of the official secondary school age.
  • Total enrollment, primary > % net: Total enrollment, primary (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Total enrollment, primary, female > % net: Total enrollment, primary, female (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment: Repeaters, primary, total (% of total enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Total is the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on education per year per country as % of GDP (Year 2000).
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
STAT Canada Italy HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 11.6
Ranked 4th. 61% more than Italy
7.2
Ranked 36th.
Children out of school, primary 1,892
Ranked 100th.
25,573
Ranked 58th. 14 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.0615
Ranked 118th.
0.421
Ranked 106th. 7 times more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, female 1,762
Ranked 86th.
17,905
Ranked 48th. 10 times more than Canada

College and university > Gender parity index 1.34
Ranked 28th.
1.39
Ranked 35th. 4% more than Canada

College and university > Share of total education spending 35.39%
Ranked 4th. 89% more than Italy
18.76%
Ranked 63th.

Compulsary education duration 11
Ranked 47th. 10% more than Italy
10
Ranked 64th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.5%
Ranked 44th. 22% more than Italy
4.5%
Ranked 64th.

Homeschooling legal status Legal under regulating conditions (Alberta – regulation, British Columbia – registration, Manitoba – permit, Newfoundland – permit, New Brunswick – permit, Northwest Territories – regulation, Nova Scotia – regulation, Ontario – regulation, Prince Edward Island – regulation, Quebec – permit, Saskatchewan – permit, Yukon – regulation) Legal, homeschooling is allowed by the constitution.
Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 30th. About the same as Italy
98.6%
Ranked 36th.

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 145th. 20% more than Italy
5
Ranked 167th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.58
Ranked 75th.
4.6
Ranked 70th. About the same as Canada

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.42
Ranked 113th. 69% more than Italy
10.33
Ranked 139th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 18.8
Ranked 21st. 86% more than Italy
10.1
Ranked 100th.

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 164th.
8
Ranked 15th. 33% more than Canada

Average IQ 97
Ranked 16th.
102
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Canada
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 29th. 1% more than Italy
98.3%
Ranked 33th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.0578
Ranked 104th.
0.295
Ranked 86th. 5 times more than Canada

College and university > Gender ratio 135.79
Ranked 36th.
140.71
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Canada

Child care (preschool) > Duration 2
Ranked 191st.
3
Ranked 89th. 50% more than Canada

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.76 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th.
7.17 per 1,000 people
Ranked 41st. 51% more than Canada

Duration of compulsory education 11 years
Ranked 32nd. 22% more than Italy
9 years
Ranked 86th.
Secondary education, pupils 2.61 million
Ranked 35th.
4.63 million
Ranked 17th. 77% more than Canada

College and university > Private school share 0.0
Ranked 64th.
9.59%
Ranked 90th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1
Ranked 45th. The same as Italy
1
Ranked 43th.

School life expectancy > Total 14.8 years
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Italy
14.7 years
Ranked 20th.
Primary education, pupils 2.17 million
Ranked 48th.
2.83 million
Ranked 37th. 30% more than Canada

Primary education, teachers 141,045
Ranked 29th.
273,113
Ranked 18th. 94% more than Canada

Tertiary enrollment 60%
Ranked 1st. 20% more than Italy
49.9%
Ranked 22nd.
Spending per student > College and university 44
Ranked 6th. 97% more than Italy
22.28
Ranked 36th.

High school > Gender ratio 97.9
Ranked 89th.
99.03
Ranked 81st. 1% more than Canada

Compulsary education starting age 6
Ranked 143th. The same as Italy
6
Ranked 103th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.634
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Italy
0.17
Ranked 107th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 4
Ranked 49th.
5
Ranked 4th. 25% more than Canada

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 39th. The same as Italy
99%
Ranked 32nd.

Spending > USD 66.53 billion
Ranked 9th.
101.89 billion
Ranked 6th. 53% more than Canada

High school > Private school share 7.2%
Ranked 90th.
8.52%
Ranked 84th. 18% more than Canada

Spending > Proportion 4.78
Ranked 57th. 6% more than Italy
4.52
Ranked 70th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.42
Ranked 123th. 64% more than Italy
10.62
Ranked 138th.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 4
Ranked 63th. 33% more than Italy
3
Ranked 158th.

Preschool enrollment rate 98.84
Ranked 107th.
103.82
Ranked 80th. 5% more than Canada

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 45,693.45
Ranked 15th.
47,272.98
Ranked 12th. 3% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.19 million
Ranked 21st.
1.91 million
Ranked 20th. 60% more than Canada

Teachers as percentage of labor force 3.5%
Ranked 27th.
4.7%
Ranked 10th. 34% more than Canada
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 524
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Italy
486
Ranked 27th.
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 154th. 20% more than Italy
5
Ranked 177th.

Children out of school > Primary 12,419
Ranked 69th. 11% more than Italy
11,194
Ranked 73th.

Secondary education, teachers 126,098
Ranked 8th.
450,757
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Canada

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 4.17
Ranked 13th.
7.59
Ranked 33th. 82% more than Canada

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 17.72
Ranked 70th. 53% more than Italy
11.62
Ranked 101st.

Mathematical literacy 533
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Italy
457
Ranked 23th.
High school > Lower secondary school duration 2
Ranked 204th.
3
Ranked 146th. 50% more than Canada

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.116
Ranked 99th.
0.126
Ranked 97th. 9% more than Canada

Scientific literacy 529
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Italy
478
Ranked 23th.
Secondary education, general pupils 2.65 million
Ranked 8th.
2.92 million
Ranked 21st. 11% more than Canada

Reading literacy 534
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Italy
487
Ranked 20th.
High school > Gender parity index 0.979
Ranked 94th.
0.986
Ranked 91st. 1% more than Canada

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 524
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Italy
486
Ranked 27th.
Scientific and technical journal articles 24,803
Ranked 7th. About the same as Italy
24,696
Ranked 8th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 517
Ranked 7th. 7% more than Italy
482
Ranked 30th.
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 41%
Ranked 1st. 14% more than Italy
36%
Ranked 21st.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 2.53%
Ranked 86th. 5% more than Italy
2.4%
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 38.37
Ranked 27th. 15% more than Italy
33.48
Ranked 40th.

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6
Ranked 179th. The same as Italy
6
Ranked 130th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.5%
Ranked 58th. 30% more than Italy
9.6%
Ranked 70th.

Children out of school, primary, male 3,523
Ranked 78th.
7,668
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than Canada

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 5.4%
Ranked 47th. 15% more than Italy
4.7%
Ranked 56th.

High school > Students per teacher 18.8
Ranked 21st. 86% more than Italy
10.1
Ranked 103th.

Secondary education > General pupils 2.61 million
Ranked 29th.
2.81 million
Ranked 26th. 8% more than Canada

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 135th. 9% more than Italy
11
Ranked 168th.

High school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 121st. 9% more than Italy
11
Ranked 147th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Italy
4.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th.

Educational attainment > Tertiary 42%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Italy
10%
Ranked 18th.
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 2.48 million
Ranked 49th.
2.78 million
Ranked 45th. 12% more than Canada

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 100%
Ranked 3rd. 47% more than Italy
68%
Ranked 60th.

Elementary school graduate rate 97.66
Ranked 7th.
99.56
Ranked 8th. 2% more than Canada

Schools connected to the Internet 97.7%
Ranked 11th. 11% more than Italy
88%
Ranked 20th.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 63.53
Ranked 124th. 36% more than Italy
46.56
Ranked 138th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 76.53
Ranked 92nd. About the same as Italy
76.25
Ranked 85th.

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.36
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Italy
1.34
Ranked 42nd.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.98
Ranked 109th.
0.99
Ranked 97th. 1% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 38.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 15% more than Italy
33.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.

Student attitude > Dislike of school 37%
Ranked 3rd.
38%
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Canada
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.33
Ranked 101st. 70% more than Italy
0.778
Ranked 126th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 145th.
8
Ranked 14th. 33% more than Canada

Teacher student ratio > High school 18.4
Ranked 47th. 82% more than Italy
10.1
Ranked 97th.

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 0.4
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than Italy
0.192
Ranked 115th.

Inequality adjusted index 0.879
Ranked 12th. 19% more than Italy
0.74
Ranked 36th.
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 17.42
Ranked 116th. 69% more than Italy
10.33
Ranked 132nd.

Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 52.96%
Ranked 27th.
57.73%
Ranked 23th. 9% more than Canada

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 96.5%
Ranked 19th.
99.8%
Ranked 4th. 3% more than Canada

Elementary school > Enrolled students 2.31 million
Ranked 46th.
2.82 million
Ranked 42nd. 22% more than Canada

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 143th. 20% more than Italy
5 years
Ranked 159th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $22,866.96
Ranked 13th. 18% more than Italy
$19,316.27
Ranked 16th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 98.03
Ranked 97th.
105.66
Ranked 56th. 8% more than Canada

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 87.49
Ranked 7th. 82% more than Italy
48.17
Ranked 127th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 522
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Italy
490
Ranked 25th.
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 6.12%
Ranked 90th.
6.93%
Ranked 87th. 13% more than Canada

High school > Lower secondary starting age 12
Ranked 138th. 9% more than Italy
11
Ranked 174th.

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.53
Ranked 43th. About the same as Italy
99.14
Ranked 61st.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 99%
Ranked 27th. The same as Italy
99%
Ranked 20th.

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 136th.
8
Ranked 15th. 33% more than Canada
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 46.1
Ranked 34th. 77% more than Italy
26
Ranked 56th.
Primary education > Pupils 2.46 million
Ranked 51st.
2.77 million
Ranked 43th. 12% more than Canada

Secondary education > Pupils 2.71 million
Ranked 27th.
4.51 million
Ranked 18th. 66% more than Canada

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 100%
Ranked 3rd. 28% more than Italy
78.1%
Ranked 49th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 84.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 79th. 6% more than Italy
79.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 95th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 56.01%
Ranked 40th.
56.25%
Ranked 38th. About the same as Canada

Secondary education, vocational pupils 0.0
Ranked 81st.
1.71 million
Ranked 6th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 17.42
Ranked 119th. 69% more than Italy
10.33
Ranked 141st.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 72.92%
Ranked 50th.
78.45%
Ranked 33th. 8% more than Canada

Secondary education > Teachers 147,890
Ranked 24th.
417,023.3
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Canada

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Italy
16 years
Ranked 20th.
School enrolment rate > 5th grade 97.82
Ranked 9th.
99.56
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2.62 million
Ranked 27th.
4.53 million
Ranked 22nd. 73% more than Canada

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 783.02
Ranked 9th. 83% more than Italy
428.72
Ranked 22nd.

Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 527
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Italy
476
Ranked 29th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 524
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Italy
489
Ranked 26th.
Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 131st. 20% more than Italy
5
Ranked 141st.
Expected duration of education for all students 16.5 years
Ranked 16th. 4% more than Italy
15.8 years
Ranked 23th.
Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 98.66%
Ranked 84th.
99.07%
Ranked 81st. About the same as Canada

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 12,763
Ranked 74th.
19,018
Ranked 68th. 49% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.87%
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Italy
48.41%
Ranked 85th.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 0.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th. 2 times more than Italy
0.192 per 1,000 people
Ranked 116th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 535
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Italy
482
Ranked 30th.
Educational attainment > Senior secondary 40%
Ranked 12th. 21% more than Italy
33%
Ranked 14th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 100%
Ranked 16th. 1% more than Italy
99%
Ranked 19th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 14
Ranked 200th. The same as Italy
14
Ranked 192nd.

Elementary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 154th. The same as Italy
6
Ranked 117th.

Library books 7.27 million
Ranked 1st.
13.19 million
Ranked 2nd. 81% more than Canada
Student attitude > Find school boring 58%
Ranked 8th. 7% more than Italy
54%
Ranked 9th.
Elementary school repeaters > All 0.0
Ranked 134th.
0.24
Ranked 123th.

School life expectancy > Male 14.4 years
Ranked 22nd.
14.5 years
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Canada
Universities > Top 200 8
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Italy
3
Ranked 18th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 83.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 53th. 72% more than Italy
48.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 127th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.08 per capita
Ranked 130th. 63% more than Italy
0.049 per capita
Ranked 151st.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 79.86
Ranked 130th. 64% more than Italy
48.62
Ranked 155th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 99%
Ranked 31st.
100%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Canada

Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million 0.146%
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Italy
0.0393%
Ranked 16th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 1.89%
Ranked 13th. 73% more than Italy
1.09%
Ranked 24th.
Library books per 1000 236.2
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Italy
231.7
Ranked 3rd.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 15
Ranked 19th. 40% more than Italy
10.7
Ranked 132nd.
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 68%
Ranked 2nd.
95%
Ranked 2nd. 40% more than Canada
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 103,143
Ranked 52nd.
1.7 million
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than Canada

Primary education > Teachers 141,045
Ranked 31st.
260,769.1
Ranked 15th. 85% more than Canada

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.54%
Ranked 96th. About the same as Italy
48.46%
Ranked 100th.

Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 116.61 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 17th. 4% more than Italy
112.26 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 22nd.
Private school enrolment > Primary level 6.5
Ranked 26th.
7
Ranked 44th. 8% more than Canada
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 132nd. 20% more than Italy
5
Ranked 148th.

Library employees 420
Ranked 1st.
595
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Canada
Educational attainment > Junior secondary 18%
Ranked 13th.
57%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Canada
Primary education > Teachers per 1000 4.54
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Italy
4.48
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 86.38
Ranked 72nd. 12% more than Italy
77.45
Ranked 78th.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.116 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th.
0.118 per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th. 2% more than Canada

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.8%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Italy
48.5%
Ranked 78th.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge 4.93%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Italy
2.37%
Ranked 16th.
Student attitude > Report class disorder 33%
Ranked 7th.
46%
Ranked 1st. 39% more than Canada
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $780.37 billion
Ranked 6th.
$1.17 trillion
Ranked 5th. 50% more than Canada

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.248
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Italy
0.0512
Ranked 22nd.
Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 176th. The same as Italy
6
Ranked 130th.

Scouting > Members 116,044
Ranked 13th. 14% more than Italy
102,066
Ranked 16th.
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 97.9%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Italy
90.5%
Ranked 10th.
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 2.63 million
Ranked 26th.
2.87 million
Ranked 25th. 9% more than Canada

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 4.76
Ranked 70th.
7.17
Ranked 40th. 51% more than Canada

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 83.09
Ranked 56th. 72% more than Italy
48.3
Ranked 126th.

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.57
Ranked 37th. The same as Italy
99.51
Ranked 46th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 8,805
Ranked 63th. 2 times more than Italy
4,320
Ranked 74th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.998
Ranked 46th. 1% more than Italy
0.986
Ranked 86th.

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 49.1%
Ranked 12th. 2% more than Italy
48.1%
Ranked 89th.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 6.7
Ranked 60th. 22% more than Italy
5.5
Ranked 18th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 84.37
Ranked 81st. 6% more than Italy
79.23
Ranked 95th.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 3.33
Ranked 42nd. 99% more than Italy
1.68
Ranked 70th.
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 37.41%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Italy
8.58%
Ranked 27th.
School life expectancy > Female 15.3 years
Ranked 16th. 3% more than Italy
14.8 years
Ranked 20th.
Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
0.3
Ranked 120th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
0.18
Ranked 121st.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 94.8%
Ranked 15th.
100%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Canada

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.283 per 1,000 people
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Italy
0.074 per 1,000 people
Ranked 111th.

Elementary school teachers 141,045
Ranked 27th.
273,113
Ranked 16th. 94% more than Canada

High school teachers 136,873
Ranked 23th.
450,757
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Canada

Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 98%
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Italy
89%
Ranked 26th.
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 37%
Ranked 6th. 42% more than Italy
26%
Ranked 17th.
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 3 million
Ranked 29th.
4.51 million
Ranked 17th. 50% more than Canada

Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.008 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Italy
0.002 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 26th.
Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 86.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st. 12% more than Italy
77.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 97.7
Ranked 101st.
98.81
Ranked 88th. 1% more than Canada

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 78.47
Ranked 134th. 65% more than Italy
47.59
Ranked 155th.

Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 18.8
Ranked 53th. 79% more than Italy
10.5
Ranked 102nd.
Young longtext readers 28.7%
Ranked 5th. 44% more than Italy
19.9%
Ranked 17th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.056%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Italy
0.0181%
Ranked 26th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females 59%
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Italy
56%
Ranked 14th.
Young shorttext readers 16.2%
Ranked 20th.
26.4%
Ranked 10th. 63% more than Canada
Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 30-39 24%
Ranked 16th.
27%
Ranked 11th. 13% more than Canada
Library members 5,495
Ranked 2nd.
591,598
Ranked 2nd. 108 times more than Canada
Library members per 1000 0.179
Ranked 2nd.
10.4
Ranked 2nd. 58 times more than Canada
Library employees per million 13.65
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Italy
10.46
Ranked 4th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 59%
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Italy
56%
Ranked 14th.
Female teachers > Lower secondary 68%
Ranked 7th.
72.8%
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Canada
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 93%
Ranked 12th. 12% more than Italy
83%
Ranked 26th.
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 36%
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than Italy
4%
Ranked 25th.
Expected duration of education for males 16.2 years
Ranked 16th. 4% more than Italy
15.6 years
Ranked 22nd.
School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.18%
Ranked 78th. 32% more than Italy
4.69%
Ranked 83th.

Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 26.2%
Ranked 30th.
44.1%
Ranked 15th. 68% more than Canada

Secondary education > Vocational pupils per 1000 3.29
Ranked 89th.
29.15
Ranked 13th. 9 times more than Canada

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $934.33 billion
Ranked 10th.
$1.33 trillion
Ranked 7th. 43% more than Canada

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 1.05 trillion
Ranked 42nd. 12% more than Italy
939.46 billion
Ranked 47th.

School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 71.28%
Ranked 70th.
98.35%
Ranked 25th. 38% more than Canada

School enrollment, primary > % net 99.92%
Ranked 4th. 3% more than Italy
97.22%
Ranked 31st.

School enrollment, secondary > % gross 102.35%
Ranked 27th. 2% more than Italy
100.66%
Ranked 31st.

School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 7.2%
Ranked 88th.
8.52%
Ranked 83th. 18% more than Canada

School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 67.7%
Ranked 8th.
75.41%
Ranked 24th. 11% more than Canada

Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita 44%
Ranked 21st. 71% more than Italy
25.79%
Ranked 53th.

School enrollment > Secondary > % net 94.11% net
Ranked 9th. 2% more than Italy
92.42% net
Ranked 13th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 30,777.65
Ranked 61st. 98% more than Italy
15,532.6
Ranked 82nd.

Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 31.1%
Ranked 30th.
55.4%
Ranked 16th. 78% more than Canada

School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross 67.67% gross
Ranked 55th.
103.44% gross
Ranked 13th. 53% more than Canada

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 94.38% net
Ranked 7th. 3% more than Italy
91.74% net
Ranked 12th.

Secondary education > Teachers > % female 68.22% female
Ranked 24th. 3% more than Italy
66.34% female
Ranked 22nd.

Labor force with tertiary education, female > % of female labor force 51.9%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Italy
22.8%
Ranked 38th.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 13.5%
Ranked 69th.
35.4%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Canada

Labor force with secondary education, male > % of male labor force 43.1%
Ranked 41st.
44.9%
Ranked 29th. 4% more than Canada

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 40%
Ranked 48th.
46.7%
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Canada

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 32.7%
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Italy
11.2%
Ranked 69th.

Primary education > Pupils > % female 48.61% female
Ranked 69th. About the same as Italy
48.45% female
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita 3.29 per 1,000 people
Ranked 90th.
29.15 per 1,000 people
Ranked 13th. 9 times more than Canada

High school teachers > % female 68.07%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than Italy
67.39%
Ranked 24th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 101.34%
Ranked 20th. 1% more than Italy
99.88%
Ranked 27th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 102.39%
Ranked 17th. 2% more than Italy
100.35%
Ranked 25th.

Labor force with primary education, male > % of male labor force 15.3%
Ranked 65th.
40.6%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

Elementary school graduate rate > Female 99.35
Ranked 5th.
100
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Canada

Inputs > Secondary education > Teachers > Female 93,168
Ranked 18th.
303,771
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Canada

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Male 8,881
Ranked 65th. 91% more than Italy
4,643
Ranked 83th.

School enrollment, secondary > % net 90.78%
Ranked 8th.
91.89%
Ranked 20th. 1% more than Canada

Total enrollment, primary > % net 99.92%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Italy
99.1%
Ranked 17th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 3,882
Ranked 72nd.
14,375
Ranked 58th. 4 times more than Canada

Total enrollment, primary, female > % net 99.85%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Italy
98.7%
Ranked 17th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > % net 94.64%
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Italy
92.42%
Ranked 10th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 100.24%
Ranked 27th. 1% more than Italy
99.37%
Ranked 26th.

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils > % female 48.17%
Ranked 101st.
53.6%
Ranked 9th. 11% more than Canada

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils > % female 48.17%
Ranked 92nd.
48.34%
Ranked 96th. About the same as Canada

Repeaters, primary, total > % of total enrollment 0.0
Ranked 143th.
0.324%
Ranked 103th.

Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 98.34%
Ranked 12th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Canada

Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 99.49%
Ranked 4th. About the same as Italy
99.01%
Ranked 11th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group 100.22%
Ranked 90th. 1% more than Italy
99.56%
Ranked 83th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 0.283
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Italy
0.0743
Ranked 110th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group 99.54%
Ranked 97th.
100.03%
Ranked 80th. About the same as Canada

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 98.42%
Ranked 125th.
100.5%
Ranked 102nd. 2% more than Canada

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 53.01%
Ranked 20th.
56%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than Canada

School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 60.21% gross
Ranked 19th.
63.09% gross
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Canada

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 96.48%
Ranked 101st.
103.4%
Ranked 54th. 7% more than Canada

Total expenditure as % of GDP 6.4% of GDP
Ranked 4th. 31% more than Italy
4.9% of GDP
Ranked 15th.
Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI 5.23% of GNI
Ranked 47th. 13% more than Italy
4.61% of GNI
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.7% net
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Italy
98.66% net
Ranked 11th.

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 99.3% net
Ranked 11th. About the same as Italy
99.01% net
Ranked 11th.

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 66.06%
Ranked 54th.
72.84%
Ranked 26th. 10% more than Canada

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 43.2%
Ranked 47th. 16% more than Italy
37.3%
Ranked 58th.

School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 50.51%
Ranked 16th.
52.84%
Ranked 31st. 5% more than Canada

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5.5%
Ranked 46th. 22% more than Italy
4.5%
Ranked 66th.

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Lynn, R. and Vanhanen, T. (2002). IQ and the Wealth of Nations. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-97510-X; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; The Times, 2005; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; World Bank national accounts data; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. 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