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Agriculture > Produce Stats: compare key data on China & India

Definitions

  • Agricultural crop > Production: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001."
  • Banana > Production: Metric tons of Bananas produced in 2000.
  • Banana > Production per 1000: Metric tons of Bananas produced in 2000. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
  • Cereal > Production: Average production of cereals (1999-2001). Average Production of Cereals refers to the amount of cereals produced in a given country or region each year. Data are reported in thousand metric tons. Cereals include wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats, millet, s
  • Cotton > Production: Production of cotton 2003/2004, in thousand bales.
  • Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • Food > Production: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value."
  • Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Livestock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins.
  • Meat > Production: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes
  • Soybean > Production: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Yield: Yield of Wheat, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Corn > Yield: Yield of Corn, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Meat > Production per million: Meat production in thousand metric tonnes. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Live stock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins."
  • Rice > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Soybean > Production per 1000: Total production of Soybean, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Corn > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Cotton > Imports: Imports of cotton 2003/2004
  • Peanut > Production: Total production of Peanut, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Cereal > Production growth: Average production of Cereals (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Cereal > Production per million: Average production of cereals (1999-2001). Average Production of Cereals refers to the amount of cereals produced in a given country or region each year. Data are reported in thousand metric tons. Cereals include wheat, barley, maize, rye, oats, millet, s. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Corn > Yield per million: Yield of Corn, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Rice > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Meat > Production growth: Average production of roots and tubers (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares > Per capita: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Rice > Yield per million: Yield of Rice, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Production per million: Production of cotton 2003/2004, in thousand bales. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Yield: Yield of Cotton, Kilograms per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Rice > Yield: Yield of Rice, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production: Average production of roots and tubers 1996-1998
  • Wheat > Yield per million: Yield of Wheat, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Yield Coarse Grain: Yield of Total Coarse Grain, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Wheat > Imports: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Peanut > Yield: Yield of Peanut, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Sunflowerseed > Production: Total production of Sunflowerseed, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Rice > Exports: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Total > Production Coarse Grain: Total production of Total Coarse Grain, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Sorghum > Production: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Total > Yield Coarse Grain per million: Yield of Total Coarse Grain, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Soybean > Yield: Yield of Soybean, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Corn > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production growth: Average production of roots and tubers (percentage change from 1986-88 to 1996-98)
  • Sorghum > Yield: Yield of Sorghum, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Peanut > Yield per million: Yield of Peanut, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Oilseed: Total production of Total Oilseed, metric tons, 2003/2004
  • Cotton > Imports per million: Imports of cotton 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Peanut > Production per 1000: Total production of Peanut, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Imports as % of merchandise > Imports: Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap)."
  • Land used for cereal > Production > Hectares: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares per 1000: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Sunflowerseed > Yield: Yield of Sunflowerseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Sunflowerseed > Yield per million: Yield of Sunflowerseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sorghum > Production per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Land under cereal > Production > Hectares: Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded.
  • Cotton > Stocks per million: Stocks of cotton in mid 2003 (480 lb bales). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Yield Oilseed: Yield of Total Oilseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Agricultural raw materials > Imports > % of merchandise imports: Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Cotton > Yield per million: Yield of Cotton, Kilograms per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Oilseed per 1000: Total production of Total Oilseed, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Soybean > Yield per million: Yield of Soybean, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cotton > Stocks: Stocks of cotton in mid 2003 (480 lb bales)
  • Sorghum > Yield per million: Yield of Sorghum, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Barley > Yield: Yield of Barley, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004
  • Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares: Land under cereal production (hectares). Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Sunflowerseed > Production per 1000: Total production of Sunflowerseed, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Wheat > Imports per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Production Coarse Grain per 1000: Total production of Total Coarse Grain, metric tons, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rice > Exports per million: Figures for 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Barley > Yield per million: Yield of Barley, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total > Yield Oilseed per million: Yield of Total Oilseed, Metric tons per hectare, 2003/2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Root and tuber > Production per million: Average production of roots and tubers 1996-1998. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares per 1000: Land under cereal production (hectares). Land under cereal production refers to harvested area, although some countries report only sown or cultivated area. Cereals include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT China India HISTORY
Agricultural crop > Production 123
Ranked 48th. 4% more than India
118
Ranked 62nd.

Banana > Production 4.81 million metric tonnes
Ranked 4th.
11 million metric tonnes
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than China
Banana > Production per 1000 3.81 metric tonnes
Ranked 45th.
10.55 metric tonnes
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than China
Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons 540.83 million
Ranked 1st. 89% more than India
286.5 million
Ranked 3rd.

Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 5,837.47
Ranked 21st. 98% more than India
2,953.61
Ranked 84th.

Cereal > Production 149 thousand metric tons
Ranked 9th. 23% more than India
121 thousand metric tons
Ranked 44th.
Cotton > Production 25,500
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
12,500
Ranked 3rd.
Crop > Production index 115.2%
Ranked 40th. 11% more than India
103.9%
Ranked 111th.

Food > Production 125
Ranked 44th. 5% more than India
119
Ranked 63th.

Food > Production index 117.8%
Ranked 21st. 13% more than India
104.7%
Ranked 100th.

Livestock > Production index 122.6%
Ranked 14th. 9% more than India
112.2%
Ranked 46th.

Meat > Production 53,747 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than India
4,604 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th.
Soybean > Production 15.39 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than India
6.8 million
Ranked 5th.
Wheat > Production 87,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 30% more than India
67,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd.
Wheat > Yield 3.93
Ranked 7th. 50% more than India
2.62
Ranked 10th.
Corn > Yield 4.81
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than India
1.98
Ranked 19th.
Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000 400.41
Ranked 40th. 73% more than India
231.67
Ranked 70th.

Meat > Production per million 42.26 thousand metric tons
Ranked 40th. 10 times more than India
4.35 thousand metric tons
Ranked 141st.
Live stock > Production index 122
Ranked 53th.
129
Ranked 37th. 6% more than China

Rice > Production 118,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 33% more than India
89,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd.
Soybean > Production per 1000 11.87
Ranked 9th. 94% more than India
6.12
Ranked 11th.
Corn > Production 114,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than India
13,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 6th.
Cotton > Imports 4,300 thousand bales
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
1,250 thousand bales
Ranked 8th.
Peanut > Production 13.42 million
Ranked 1st. 74% more than India
7.7 million
Ranked 2nd.
Cereal > Production growth 27%
Ranked 43th.
31%
Ranked 41st. 15% more than China
Cereal > Production per million 0.117 thousand metric tons
Ranked 145th. 3% more than India
0.114 thousand metric tons
Ranked 146th.
Corn > Yield per million 0.00371
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than India
0.00178
Ranked 20th.
Rice > Production per million 91.04 thousand metric tons
Ranked 8th. 14% more than India
80.13 thousand metric tons
Ranked 9th.
Meat > Production growth 191%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than India
57%
Ranked 48th.
Land under cereal > Production > Hectares > Per capita 63.6 hectares per 1,000 peop
Ranked 96th.
90.86 hectares per 1,000 peop
Ranked 71st. 43% more than China

Rice > Yield per million 0.00468
Ranked 21st. 66% more than India
0.00281
Ranked 22nd.
Cotton > Production per million 19.67
Ranked 19th. 75% more than India
11.25
Ranked 25th.
Cotton > Yield 950.16
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
385.95
Ranked 14th.
Rice > Yield 6.06
Ranked 8th. 94% more than India
3.12
Ranked 17th.
Wheat > Production per million 67.13 thousand metric tons
Ranked 14th. 11% more than India
60.33 thousand metric tons
Ranked 15th.
Root and tuber > Production 170,478 thousand metric tons
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than India
29,909 thousand metric tons
Ranked 4th.
Wheat > Yield per million 0.00303
Ranked 25th. 29% more than India
0.00236
Ranked 26th.
Total > Yield Coarse Grain 4.57
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than India
1.23
Ranked 22nd.
Wheat > Imports 500 thousand metric tons
Ranked 35th. 10 times more than India
50 thousand metric tons
Ranked 43th.
Peanut > Yield 2.65
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than India
0.96
Ranked 12th.
Sunflowerseed > Production 1.74 million
Ranked 4th. 2% more than India
1.7 million
Ranked 5th.
Rice > Exports 2,500 thousand metric tons
Ranked 5th.
3,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than China
Total > Production Coarse Grain 124.64 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than India
37.81 million
Ranked 4th.
International wheat > Production statistics 89
Ranked 1st. 24% more than India
71.5
Ranked 2nd.

Sorghum > Production 2,500 thousand metric tons
Ranked 7th.
8,000 thousand metric tons
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than China
Total > Yield Coarse Grain per million 0.00353
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than India
0.00111
Ranked 23th.
Soybean > Yield 1.65
Ranked 9th. 57% more than India
1.05
Ranked 20th.
Corn > Production per million 87.96 thousand metric tons
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than India
11.71 thousand metric tons
Ranked 16th.
Root and tuber > Production growth 22%
Ranked 53th.
59%
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than China
Sorghum > Yield 3.97
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than India
0.77
Ranked 17th.
Peanut > Yield per million 0.00204
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than India
0.000864
Ranked 19th.
Total > Production Oilseed 50.85 million
Ranked 3rd. 76% more than India
28.86 million
Ranked 5th.
Cotton > Imports per million 3.32 thousand bales
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than India
1.13 thousand bales
Ranked 66th.
Peanut > Production per 1000 10.35
Ranked 11th. 49% more than India
6.93
Ranked 12th.
Imports as % of merchandise > Imports 3.37%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than India
1.64%
Ranked 25th.

Land used for cereal > Production > Hectares 86.9 million
Ranked 2nd.
100.7 million
Ranked 1st. 16% more than China

Land under cereal > Production > Hectares per 1000 63.64 hectares
Ranked 93th.
88.24 hectares
Ranked 69th. 39% more than China

Sunflowerseed > Yield 1.49
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than India
0.61
Ranked 17th.
Sunflowerseed > Yield per million 0.00115
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than India
0.000549
Ranked 17th.
Sorghum > Production per million 1.93 thousand metric tons
Ranked 12th.
7.2 thousand metric tons
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than China
Land under cereal > Production > Hectares 82.96 million hectares
Ranked 2nd.
99.45 million hectares
Ranked 1st. 20% more than China

Cotton > Stocks per million 6.93 thousand bales
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than India
3.05 thousand bales
Ranked 42nd.
Total > Yield Oilseed 1.82
Ranked 12th. Twice as much as India
0.91
Ranked 25th.
Agricultural raw materials > Imports > % of merchandise imports 3.56%
Ranked 5th. 78% more than India
2%
Ranked 22nd.

Cotton > Yield per million 0.733
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than India
0.348
Ranked 15th.
Total > Production Oilseed per 1000 39.23
Ranked 14th. 51% more than India
25.99
Ranked 18th.
Soybean > Yield per million 0.00127
Ranked 19th. 35% more than India
0.000945
Ranked 20th.
Cotton > Stocks 8,934 thousand bales
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
3,338 thousand bales
Ranked 3rd.
Sorghum > Yield per million 0.00306
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than India
0.000693
Ranked 20th.
Barley > Yield 3.58
Ranked 7th. 90% more than India
1.88
Ranked 17th.
Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares 92.65 million
Ranked 2nd.
97 million
Ranked 1st. 5% more than China

Sunflowerseed > Production per 1000 1.34
Ranked 17th.
1.53
Ranked 16th. 14% more than China
Wheat > Imports per million 0.386 thousand metric tons
Ranked 41st. 9 times more than India
0.045 thousand metric tons
Ranked 42nd.
Total > Production Coarse Grain per 1000 96.17
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than India
34.04
Ranked 22nd.
Rice > Exports per million 1.93 thousand metric tons
Ranked 12th.
2.7 thousand metric tons
Ranked 11th. 40% more than China
Barley > Yield per million 0.00276
Ranked 21st. 63% more than India
0.00169
Ranked 22nd.
Total > Yield Oilseed per million 0.0014
Ranked 25th. 71% more than India
0.000819
Ranked 26th.
Root and tuber > Production per million 137.27 thousand metric tons
Ranked 41st. 5 times more than India
29.68 thousand metric tons
Ranked 108th.
Cereal > Land under cereal production > Hectares per 1000 68.59
Ranked 92nd.
78.44
Ranked 81st. 14% more than China

SOURCES: Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; Agri-Food Business Development Centre; Agri-Food Business Development Centre. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; World Resources Institute; United States Department of Agriculture; World Development Indicators database; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United States Department of Agriculture. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: International wheat production statistics; World Bank staff estimates from the Comtrade database maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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