×

Military Stats: compare key data on China & India

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

China is presently embroiled in territorial disputes with its neighbors including Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, and India. The steady upward trend of its industrial might has allowed China to build-up its already powerful armed forces, and challenge the regional status quo. China handed India a devastating defeat during a territorial confrontation in Arunachal Pradesh during the early 1960s. This bitter defeat has led India to enhance its military might in order to counter the military prowess of China.

In terms of sheer number of personnel and materiel, China is ahead of India in almost every aspect. Of course, sheer numbers do not win 21st century wars; countries which possess the more advanced weapons have clear edge over those countries with numerical superiority. India is keen to take advantage of this. As a matter of fact, the Indian government is the world’s biggest arms customer. It purchases the most advanced and most tested weapons from the US, UK, Russia, Israel, and France. For instance, it has entered into a very huge deal with France for the purchase of 4th Generation Rafale jets, and it has partnered with Russia for the local production of T-90s, one of the world’s most advanced tanks.

On the other hand, China has taken strides to develop and market their own weapons. These weapon systems have demonstrated a capability which is close to that of top weapons producers. China, too, is endeavoring to even challenge the superiority of the US, and China does not attempt to veil its efforts. This is highlighted with the deployment of anti-carrier ballistic missiles which is purported to hit highly advanced and highly protected US Supercarriers.

Should an unlikely war break out between these two countries, China will statistically win, but it would be very costly indeed.

Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • WMD > Missile: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of missile weapons of mass destruction
  • WMD > Nuclear: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of nuclear weapons
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Navy > Destroyers: Number of destroyers.
  • Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads: Total nuclear warheads.
  • Navy > Cruisers: Number of cruisers.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Air force > Bombers: Number of bomber combat aircrafts.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Navy > Amphibious warfare ships: Number of amphibious warfare ships.
  • Nuclear weapons > Total yield of all tests: Total yield, kt.
  • Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical weapons possession:

    Status of possession of chemical weapons of countries that either declared chemical weapon stockpiles, are suspected of secretly stockpiling them, or are running chemical weapons research programs.

  • Air force > Fighters: Number of fighter combat aircrafts.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Nuclear weapons > Nuclear tests: Tests.
  • Highest military decorations > Name: Name of each country’s highest military decoration.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total: Total amount of aircraft carriers possessed by each country. 
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies
  • Nuclear weapons > Atmospheric tests: Atmospheric tests.
  • Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests: By test count.
  • Nuclear weapons > Peaceful use tests: Peaceful tests.
  • Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests by yield: By yield.
  • Nuclear weapons > Test detonations: Detonations.
  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section
  • Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical Weapons Convention ratification: Date of ratification of the Chemical Weapon Convention (CWC) of countries who either declared chemical weapon stockpiles, are suspected of secretly stockpiling them, or are running chemical weapons research programs.
  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Defence spending > Percent of GDP: Defense expenditure as percentage of GDP. Figures are for the year 2010.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > In reserve: Total amount of reserve aircraft carriers in each country.
  • WMD > Biological: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of biological weapons of mass destruction
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product
  • WMD > Chemical: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of chemical weapons of mass destruction
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military spending > 2009 > USD billions: Defense expenditure of some countries in the year 2010.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 100,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
STAT China India HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 1,500
Ranked 1st. 39% more than India
1,080
Ranked 2nd.
Army > Main battle tanks 9,000
Ranked 1st. 51% more than India
5,978
Ranked 2nd.
Battle-related deaths > Number of people 1
Ranked 26th.
427
Ranked 11th. 427 times more than China

Budget 166 US$ BN
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than India
42.84 US$ BN
Ranked 4th.
Global Peace Index 2.14
Ranked 62nd.
2.57
Ranked 22nd. 20% more than China

Military service age and obligation 18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles; the first class of women warship commanders was in 2011 16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only
Navy > Corvette warships 15
Ranked 2nd.
36
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than China
Navy > Nuclear submarines 3
Ranked 1st. 50% more than India
2
Ranked 3rd.
Navy > Submarines 40
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
18
Ranked 2nd.
Paramilitary personnel 3.97 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
1.3 million
Ranked 2nd.
Personnel > Per capita 2.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th. 3% more than India
2.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th.

Service age and obligation 18-22 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with 24-month service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs 16 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; women officers allowed in noncombat roles only
WMD > Missile China has produced and deployed a wide range of ballistic missiles, ranging from short-range missiles to intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). China's missiles are operated by the Second Artillery Corps, and include about 650 DF-11 (M-11) and DF-15 (M-9) missiles opposite Taiwan; several dozens of DF-3, DF-4, and DF-21 medium-range missiles that can reach Japan, India, and Russia; and 18-24 DF-5 ICBMs that can reach the United States and Europe. A transition is currently underway from relatively inaccurate, liquid-fueled, silo/cave-based missiles (DF-3, DF-4, DF-5) to more accurate, solid-fueled, mobile missiles (DF-11, DF-15, and DF-21, and a new ICBM [the DF-31] and SLBM [the JL-2], which are currently under development). China is replacing its older DF-5 missiles with new DF-5A variants, which may eventually be equipped with multiple warheads. A key question is how US deployment of ballistic missile defense (former known as theater and national missile defense) will affect the pace and scope of Chinese strategic modernization. Chinese missile exports have been a problem for more than a decade. China transferred 36 DF-3 medium-range missiles to Saudi Arabia in 1988, and supplied Pakistan with 34 M-11 short-range missiles in 1992. China has provided technology and expertise to the missile programs of several countries, including Pakistan, Iran, and North Korea. China has not joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), but has pledged to abide by its main parameters. In November 2000, China promised not to assist any country in the development of nuclear-capable ballistic missiles. In August 2002, China issued regulations and a control list restricting the export of missiles and missile technology. Since 2004, China has been engaged in consultation with the MTCR; however, its application for membership was not successful in the regime's latest plenary meeting in Seoul, South Korea, in October 2004. Concerns about Chinese missile technology transfers continue. For almost two decades, India has sought to develop and deploy ballistic and other missiles. User trials of the Prithvi-1 (150 km-range) and Prithvi-2 (250 km-range) ballistic missiles have been completed; both variants have been "inducted" into the Indian Army and Air Force respectively. India's Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) announced in September 2002 that the naval variant of the Prithvi (Dhanush) has completed sea trials and is ready for "induction." Five tests of different versions of the intermediate-range Agni ballistic missile were conducted between May 1989 and January 2001. Limited series production of the Agni-TD-I (1,500 km-range) and Agni-II (2,000-2,500 km-range) has commenced, and the Indian Army is raising a missile group to take possession of the missiles. In January 2003, DRDO conducted a second test of the single-stage, solid-fuel, 700-800 km-range version of the Agni. This new missile has been dubbed the Agni-1; it will be the likely successor to the Prithvi-series, which will henceforth be used in a battlefield support role. India reportedly will test a 3,500-4,000 km-range variant of the Agni (Agni-III) by the end of 2003. 'Development flight-trials' of the supersonic cruise missile BrahMos/PJ-10, which India is co-developing with Russian assistance, are likely to continue through 2003, with serial production expected to begin in 2004. However, India's sea-launched ballistic missile, Sagarika, is not expected to become operational before 2010. India is not a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR); in November 2002, it rejected a draft of the International Code of Conduct (ICOC) on ballistic missile proliferation on grounds that it is discriminatory and interferes with the peaceful uses of space technology.
WMD > Nuclear China's nuclear weapons program began in 1955 and culminated in a successful nuclear test in 1964. Since then, China has conducted 45 nuclear tests, including tests of thermonuclear weapons and a neutron bomb. The series of nuclear tests in 1995-96 prior to China's signature of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) may have resulted in a smaller and lighter warhead design for the new generation of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) now under development. China is estimated to have about 400 strategic and tactical nuclear weapons, and stocks of fissile material sufficient to produce a much larger arsenal. China joined the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1984 and acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1992 as a nuclear weapon state. China provided nuclear reactors and technology to several countries in the 1980s and early 1990s, including design information and fissile material that reportedly helped Pakistan develop nuclear weapons. Since the early 1990s, China has improved its export controls, including the promulgation of regulations on nuclear and nuclear dual-use exports and has pledged to halt exports of nuclear technology to un-safeguarded facilities. In 2002 China ratified the IAEA Additional Protocol, the first and only nuclear weapons state to do so. India embarked on a nuclear power program in 1958 and a nuclear explosives program in 1968. Following a test of a nuclear device in May 1974, and five additional nuclear weapon-related tests in May 1998, India formally declared itself a nuclear weapon state. New Delhi's stock of weapons-grade plutonium is estimated to be between 240-395kg, which depending on the sophistication of the warhead design, could be used to manufacture 40-90 simple fission weapons. According to Indian government sources, India is capable of building a range of nuclear weapon systems ranging from "…low yields to 200 kilotons, involving fission, boosted-fission, and two-stage thermonuclear designs." India is not a member of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
War deaths 0.0
Ranked 78th.
1,962
Ranked 5th.

Navy > Aircraft carriers 1
Ranked 2nd.
2
Ranked 2nd. Twice as much as China
Armed forces personnel 2.81 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
1.3 million
Ranked 4th.
Military expenditures 2.6% of GDP
Ranked 19th. 44% more than India
1.8% of GDP
Ranked 28th.
Military branches People's Liberation Army (PLA): Ground Forces, Navy (PLAN; includes marines and naval aviation), Air Force (Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Kongjun, PLAAF; includes Airborne Forces), and Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force); People's Armed Police (Renmin Wuzhuang Jingcha Budui, PAP); PLA Reserve Force Army, Navy (includes naval air arm), Air Force, Coast Guard
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 4.3%
Ranked 14th. 72% more than India
2.5%
Ranked 40th.

Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 2.88 million
Ranked 1st. 12% more than India
2.58 million
Ranked 2nd.

Personnel 3.75 million
Ranked 1st. 23% more than India
3.05 million
Ranked 2nd.

Navy > Frigates 48
Ranked 1st. 71% more than India
28
Ranked 2nd.
Navy > Destroyers 27
Ranked 1st. 80% more than India
15
Ranked 2nd.
Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads 250
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than India
110
Ranked 8th.
Navy > Cruisers 0.0
Ranked 28th.
0.0
Ranked 2nd.
Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita $52.07
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than India
$12.82
Ranked 66th.
Branches People's Liberation Army (PLA): Ground Forces, Navy (includes marines and naval aviation), Air Force (includes airborne forces), and Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force); People's Armed Police (PAP); PLA Reserve Force Army, Navy (includes naval air arm), Air Force (Bharatiya Vayu Sena), Coast Guard
Air force > Bombers 118
Ranked 3rd. 30% more than India
91
Ranked 4th.
Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million 0.000751
Ranked 26th.
0.35
Ranked 30th. 465 times more than China

Navy > Amphibious warfare ships 27
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than India
6
Ranked 4th.
Nuclear weapons > Total yield of all tests 24,409 Kt
Ranked 2nd. 359 times more than India
68 Kt
Ranked 4th.
Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical weapons possession Probable Known
Air force > Fighters 1,130
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than India
901
Ranked 4th.
Military expenditure > Current LCU 686 billion
Ranked 12th.
1.85 trillion
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than China

Nuclear weapons > Nuclear tests 47
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than India
3
Ranked 2nd.
Highest military decorations > Name The Hero's Medal Param Vir Chakra
Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total 1
Ranked 13th.
5
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than China
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 10.41 million
Ranked 2nd.
12.15 million
Ranked 1st. 17% more than China

Expenditures > Dollar figure $67.49 billion
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than India
$14.02 billion
Ranked 9th.
Nuclear weapons > Atmospheric tests 23
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 4th.
Weapon holdings 34.28 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than India
10.54 million
Ranked 7th.
Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests 2.22%
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than India
0.141%
Ranked 4th.
Nuclear weapons > Peaceful use tests 0.0
Ranked 4th.
1
Ranked 3rd.
Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests by yield 4.51%
Ranked 2nd. 358 times more than India
0.0126%
Ranked 4th.
Nuclear weapons > Test detonations 47
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than India
6
Ranked 4th.
Armed forces personnel per 1000 2.23
Ranked 108th. 78% more than India
1.25
Ranked 126th.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 10.76 million
Ranked 2nd.
11.59 million
Ranked 1st. 8% more than China

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Expenditure > Current LCU 363000000000 1024844000000
Personnel per 1000 2.88
Ranked 107th. 7% more than India
2.7
Ranked 110th.

Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries 559
Ranked 10th.
3,337
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than China

Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical Weapons Convention ratification April 4, 1997 September 3, 1996
Conscription Selective <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (FWCC). No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (<a href=/encyclopedia/artificial-intelligence>AI</a>).
Armed forces growth -28%
Ranked 98th.
3%
Ranked 65th.
Imports > USD 1.24 billion
Ranked 4th.
1.85 billion
Ranked 2nd. 49% more than China

Defence spending > Percent of GDP 2%
Ranked 7th.
2.6%
Ranked 5th. 30% more than China
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 2.7 billion constant 1990 US$
Ranked 1st. 83% more than India
1.47 billion constant 1990 US$
Ranked 3rd.

Air force > Aircraft carriers > In reserve 0.0
Ranked 4th.
0.0
Ranked 2nd.
WMD > Biological China ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in December 1996, declaring two former chemical weapons (CW) production facilities that may have produced mustard gas and Lewisite. Since 1997, China has hosted 14 on-site inspections by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Although China claims that it no longer possesses any CW stockpiles, the U.S. government believes that China has not revealed the full scope of its program. China has signed a bilateral agreement with Japan to destroy CW that Japan abandoned in Chinese territory during World War II. Although some intelligence estimates suggest that India possesses biological weapons, there is very limited open-source information available about a possible Indian biological weapon program. India has defensive biological weapon capabilities and has conducted research on countering various diseases, including plague, brucellosis, and smallpox. India also has an extensive and advanced pharmaceutical industry and is therefore technically capable of developing biological weapons. India ratified the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1974.
Expenditures 4.3% of GDP
Ranked 14th. 72% more than India
2.5% of GDP
Ranked 36th.
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 4.3% of GDP
Ranked 12th. 72% more than India
2.5% of GDP
Ranked 27th.
Conventional arms > Exports $125.00 million
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than India
$22.00 million
Ranked 25th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP $34.94 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 13th. 50% more than India
$23.29 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 35th.
WMD > Chemical China ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in December 1996, declaring two former chemical weapons (CW) production facilities that may have produced mustard gas and Lewisite. Since 1997, China has hosted 14 on-site inspections by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Although China claims that it no longer possesses any CW stockpiles, the U.S. government believes that China has not revealed the full scope of its program. China has signed a bilateral agreement with Japan to destroy CW that Japan abandoned in Chinese territory during World War II. After many years of denying the existence of a chemical weapon program, India disclosed in June 1997 that it possessed chemical weapons. Few details are publicly available concerning Indian chemical weapon stockpiles, although Chinese researchers suggest that India possesses 1,000 tons of chemical weapon agents, mostly mustard agent, located at five chemical weapon production and storage facilities. Under the terms of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which India signed in 1993 and ratified in September 1996, India must destroy 45 percent of its stockpile by 2004 and the remaining stockpile by 2007.
Weapon holdings per 1000 26.95
Ranked 88th. 3 times more than India
9.95
Ranked 116th.
Military spending > 2009 > USD billions 100 36.3
Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people 0.418
Ranked 15th.
2.77
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than China

Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 None 240039958
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 129 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than India
22 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 27th.

Employment in arms > Production 2.5 million
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than India
180,000
Ranked 6th.
Exports > USD 428 million
Ranked 9th. 20 times more than India
21 million
Ranked 24th.

Conventional arms > Exports per capita $0.11
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than India
$0.03
Ranked 38th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 7.7
Ranked 144th.
9.83
Ranked 86th. 28% more than China

Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita $52.07 per capita
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than India
$13.17 per capita
Ranked 67th.
Conventional arms imports $2.24 billion
Ranked 2nd.
$2.38 billion
Ranked 1st. 6% more than China
Manpower > Availability > Males 375.01 million
Ranked 1st. 25% more than India
301.09 million
Ranked 2nd.

Manpower > Military age 18 years of age 17 years of age
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.017 per $1,000
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than India
0.007 per $1,000
Ranked 36th.
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 13.19 million
Ranked 1st. 15% more than India
11.45 million
Ranked 2nd.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 10.41 million
Ranked 2nd.
12.15 million
Ranked 1st. 17% more than China
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 363789674 296071637
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 98.89 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than India
20.38 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 41st.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 2.07 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 47th. 59% more than India
1.31 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 57th.

Military expenditures > Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Figures > Date of information 2005 est. 2005
Employment in arms > Production per 1000 1.97
Ranked 14th. 12 times more than India
0.17
Ranked 48th.
Manpower > Availability > Females 354.31 million
Ranked 1st. 25% more than India
283.05 million
Ranked 2nd.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 313.32 million
Ranked 1st. 36% more than India
231.16 million
Ranked 2nd.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 375.52 million
Ranked 1st. 30% more than India
288.25 million
Ranked 2nd.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 2.07 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 47th. 54% more than India
1.34 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 56th.

Conventional arms imports per capita $1.97
Ranked 52nd.
$2.73
Ranked 49th. 39% more than China
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 6.83
Ranked 156th.
8.91
Ranked 117th. 31% more than China
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 9.13 million
Ranked 2nd.
10.75 million
Ranked 1st. 18% more than China
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 295.95 million
Ranked 1st. 25% more than India
236.63 million
Ranked 2nd.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 206 million
Ranked 1st. 22% more than India
169 million
Ranked 2nd.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 288.04
Ranked 19th. 13% more than India
255.74
Ranked 66th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid $25.00 million
Ranked 17th.
$35.50 million
Ranked 14th. 42% more than China
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 10.01
Ranked 57th. 1% more than India
9.88
Ranked 59th.
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.308 per $1,000
Ranked 49th.
0.716 per $1,000
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than China
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.37%
Ranked 124th.
0.57%
Ranked 103th. 54% more than China

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 9.71 million
Ranked 2nd.
10.64 million
Ranked 1st. 10% more than China

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 9.13 million
Ranked 2nd.
10.75 million
Ranked 1st. 18% more than China
Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP 3.49%
Ranked 12th. 54% more than India
2.27%
Ranked 32nd.
Personnel > % of total labor force 0.48%
Ranked 120th.
0.7%
Ranked 103th. 46% more than China

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000 158.01
Ranked 95th. 5% more than India
149.94
Ranked 104th.

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.035%
Ranked 20th. 5 times more than India
0.00674%
Ranked 32nd.
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 0.0989 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than India
0.0198 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 41st.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 8.12
Ranked 136th.
9.87
Ranked 99th. 21% more than China

Expenditure > % of GDP 1.98%
Ranked 39th.
2.87%
Ranked 20th. 45% more than China

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 9131990 10745891
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 10406544 12151065
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP 0.000716%
Ranked 35th.
0.00287%
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than China
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita $0.02
Ranked 36th.
$0.03
Ranked 35th. 61% more than China
Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 18.22%
Ranked 10th.
18.62%
Ranked 9th. 2% more than China

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 6.83
Ranked 155th.
8.91
Ranked 116th. 31% more than China
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP $1.52 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 33th.
$5.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than China
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.627%
Ranked 20th.
0.727%
Ranked 16th. 16% more than China
Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.01%
Ranked 43th.
2.97%
Ranked 27th. 48% more than China

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 7.33
Ranked 142nd.
9.06
Ranked 107th. 24% more than China

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 223.42
Ranked 29th. 11% more than India
201.45
Ranked 68th.

Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 267.48
Ranked 34th. 11% more than India
240.96
Ranked 81st.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 7.71
Ranked 143th.
9.95
Ranked 81st. 29% more than China
Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 283.1
Ranked 25th. 10% more than India
256.32
Ranked 74th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.161 per capita
Ranked 102nd. 1% more than India
0.159 per capita
Ranked 104th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 236.53
Ranked 20th. 20% more than India
196.79
Ranked 80th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 7.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 160th.
9.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th. 27% more than China

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.293 per capita
Ranked 20th. 8% more than India
0.272 per capita
Ranked 56th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 8.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 152nd.
10.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 104th. 25% more than China

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/.; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; The Nuclear Threat Initiative; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html, April 2014; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (Combat aircraft by country); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country); Wikipedia: Chemical warfare (Efforts to eradicate chemical weapons); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Including salvo tests counted as a single test.); Wikipedia: List of highest military decorations; Wikipedia: List of aircraft carriers by country (Number of aircraft carriers by operating nation); Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Defined as these classes of tests: atmospheric, surface, barge, cratering, space, and underwater tests.); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (As declared so by the nation testing; some may have been dual use.); Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Detonations include zero-yield detonations in safety tests and failed full yield tests, but not those in the accident category listed above.); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012; Wikipedia: Chemical weapon proliferation; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database; Wikipedia: List of aircraft carriers in service (List of countries by aircraft carriers); SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007; Wikipedia: List of countries by military expenditures; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Citation

4

China is presently embroiled in territorial disputes with its neighbors including Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, and India. The steady upward trend of its industrial might has allowed China to build-up its already powerful armed forces, and challenge the regional status quo. China handed India a devastating defeat during a territorial confrontation in Arunachal Pradesh during the early 1960s. This bitter defeat has led India to enhance its military might in order to counter the military prowess of China.

In terms of sheer number of personnel and materiel, China is ahead of India in almost every aspect. Of course, sheer numbers do not win 21st century wars; countries which possess the more advanced weapons have clear edge over those countries with numerical superiority. India is keen to take advantage of this. As a matter of fact, the Indian government is the world’s biggest arms customer. It purchases the most advanced and most tested weapons from the US, UK, Russia, Israel, and France. For instance, it has entered into a very huge deal with France for the purchase of 4th Generation Rafale jets, and it has partnered with Russia for the local production of T-90s, one of the world’s most advanced tanks.

On the other hand, China has taken strides to develop and market their own weapons. These weapon systems have demonstrated a capability which is close to that of top weapons producers. China, too, is endeavoring to even challenge the superiority of the US, and China does not attempt to veil its efforts. This is highlighted with the deployment of anti-carrier ballistic missiles which is purported to hit highly advanced and highly protected US Supercarriers.

Should an unlikely war break out between these two countries, China will statistically win, but it would be very costly indeed.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

247 Stat enthusiast

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add www.nationmaster.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.

×