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Labor Stats: compare key data on China & India

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Definitions

  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Foreign labor > Share of foreign doctors in the US: Percentage of medical graduates from each country living in the United States out of total foreign doctors. For instance, 19.9% of all foreign doctors in America received their degrees from India.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Foreign labor > Share of foreign dentists in the US: Percentage of dental school graduates from each country living in the United States out of total foreign dentists. For instance, 25.8% of foreign dentists in America received their degrees from India.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Skills are the share of senior managers who ranked skills of available workers as a major or severe constraint.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Money transfers home > Remittance recipients: Sum total remittance received by countries.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 10-14: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Labor regulations are the share of senior managers who ranked labor regulations as a major or severe constraint.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT China India HISTORY
Employment rate > Adults 71
Ranked 23th. 28% more than India
55.6
Ranked 99th.

Expense > Current LCU 1.78 trillion
Ranked 15th.
13.77 trillion
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than China

GNI > Current US$ $8.18 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than India
$1.89 trillion
Ranked 11th.

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 112th.
48 hours
Ranked 19th. 20% more than China
Labor force 819.5 million
Ranked 1st. 71% more than India
478.3 million
Ranked 2nd.

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 49%, industry 22%, services 29% agriculture 60%, industry 17%, services 23%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 39.5%
Ranked 5th.
52%
Ranked 4th. 32% more than China

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 27.2%
Ranked 7th. 94% more than India
14%
Ranked 16th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 33.2%
Ranked 19th.
34%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than China

Labor force per 1000 612.62
Ranked 5th. 54% more than India
396.72
Ranked 89th.

Labor force, total 787.63 million
Ranked 1st. 63% more than India
484.34 million
Ranked 2nd.

Rigidity of employment index 24
Ranked 123th.
41
Ranked 72nd. 71% more than China

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $1.73
Ranked 74th. 3 times more than India
$0.61
Ranked 120th.
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage The minimum wage in China is set locally, ranges from 830 RMB per month, 7.50 RMB per hour in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to 1,400 RMB per month, 15.2 RMB per hour in Beijing . last=Wage Indicator Foundation|title=Minimum Wages India 2012 \u2013 Current Minimum Wage Rate India|url= http://www.paycheck.in/main/salary/minimumwages|accessdate=10 December 2012}}</ref>
Unemployment rate 4%
Ranked 74th.
10.8%
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than China

GNI > Current US$ per capita $6,059.82
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than India
$1,525.97
Ranked 129th.

Male retirement age 60
Ranked 31st. The same as India
60
Ranked 6th.
Female retirement age 52.5
Ranked 31st.
60
Ranked 4th. 14% more than China
Labor force, total per 1000 583.13
Ranked 10th. 49% more than India
391.65
Ranked 142nd.

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 91 weeks of wages
Ranked 20th. 63% more than India
55.9 weeks of wages
Ranked 58th.

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 23,327.51
Ranked 67th.
46,531.17
Ranked 46th. Twice as much as China

Expense > Current LCU per capita 1,372.17
Ranked 105th.
11,277.26
Ranked 59th. 8 times more than China

Employment rate > Women 67.2
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than India
32.4
Ranked 146th.

Labor force > Total 776.88 million
Ranked 1st. 73% more than India
449.89 million
Ranked 2nd.

Employment rate > Men 74.6
Ranked 59th.
77.4
Ranked 41st. 4% more than China

Force > Total > Per capita 0.595 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 50% more than India
0.397 per capita
Ranked 142nd.

Force > Total 776.05 million
Ranked 1st. 78% more than India
435.04 million
Ranked 2nd.

GNI > Current LCU 51.67 trillion
Ranked 17th.
102.68 trillion
Ranked 10th. 99% more than China

Female economic activity 72.7%
Ranked 19th. 73% more than India
42.1%
Ranked 115th.
Labor force > Per capita 611.69 per 1,000 people
Ranked 5th. 34% more than India
457.05 per 1,000 people
Ranked 77th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 95.68%
Ranked 6th. 25% more than India
76.85%
Ranked 123th.
Employment rate > Young adults 54.5
Ranked 32nd. 38% more than India
39.6
Ranked 88th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-42,139,426,000.00
Ranked 161st. 2 times more than India
$-18,360,820,447.47
Ranked 152nd.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 2$
Ranked 114th. 2 times more than India
0.894$
Ranked 125th.

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 31
Ranked 72nd. 3% more than India
30
Ranked 73th.

Female economic activity growth -1%
Ranked 122nd.
4%
Ranked 71st.
Employment rate > Young men 49.9
Ranked 73th.
56.4
Ranked 47th. 13% more than China

Employment rate > Young women 59.7
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than India
21.4
Ranked 133th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 1,994.63$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 116th. 2 times more than India
920.9$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 127th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 16.85%
Ranked 96th.
32.11%
Ranked 65th. 91% more than China
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $10,378.00
Ranked 80th. 39% more than India
$7,445.00
Ranked 88th.

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 23,327.51
Ranked 67th.
46,531.17
Ranked 46th. Twice as much as China

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $3,331.08
Ranked 61st. 3 times more than India
$1,095.55
Ranked 81st.

GNI > Constant LCU 31.51 trillion
Ranked 10th.
57.54 trillion
Ranked 7th. 83% more than China

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 66.8%
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than India
32.2%
Ranked 149th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 66.3%
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than India
23.7%
Ranked 131st.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 78.9%
Ranked 39th. 2% more than India
77.7%
Ranked 48th.

Foreign labor > Share of foreign doctors in the US 2.0 19.9
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14 7.86%
Ranked 63th.
12.07%
Ranked 60th. 54% more than China
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 1.17$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 115th.
1.25$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 112th. 7% more than China

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 2.6 billion$
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than India
1.01 billion$
Ranked 31st.

Technicians in RandD > Per million people 201.6 per million people
Ranked 6th. 98% more than India
101.96 per million people
Ranked 31st.

Foreign labor > Share of foreign dentists in the US 3.2%
Ranked 3rd.
25.8%
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than China
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 98.8%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than India
98.07%
Ranked 40th.
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 89.72%
Ranked 26th. 77% more than India
50.69%
Ranked 126th.
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 55.79%
Ranked 50th. 6% more than India
52.65%
Ranked 62nd.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 58.63%
Ranked 24th. 32% more than India
44.39%
Ranked 59th.
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 92.41%
Ranked 7th. 7% more than India
86.24%
Ranked 57th.
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 2.46 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 65th.
35,883.93 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 35th. 14593 times more than China

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 51.9%
Ranked 54th. 5% more than India
49.2%
Ranked 68th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 61.5%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than India
27.6%
Ranked 154th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 64.21%
Ranked 77th.
64.57%
Ranked 76th. 1% more than China
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 82.99%
Ranked 38th. 51% more than India
54.8%
Ranked 103th.
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 81.97%
Ranked 15th. 35% more than India
60.93%
Ranked 152nd.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 50.8%
Ranked 44th. 49% more than India
34%
Ranked 104th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 68%
Ranked 36th. 27% more than India
53.7%
Ranked 117th.

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 87.79%
Ranked 28th. 4% more than India
84.3%
Ranked 61st.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 4%
Ranked 92nd. 11% more than India
3.6%
Ranked 76th.

Force > Total per 1000 595.26
Ranked 5th. 54% more than India
385.96
Ranked 144th.

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 73.8%
Ranked 27th. 28% more than India
57.8%
Ranked 138th.

Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 45.43%
Ranked 74th. 17% more than India
38.88%
Ranked 87th.
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 64.02%
Ranked 73th. 55% more than India
41.42%
Ranked 117th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 94.18%
Ranked 19th. 25% more than India
75.48%
Ranked 125th.
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita 4.21 BoP $
Ranked 78th.
19.74 BoP $
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than China

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 1.1%
Ranked 67th.
10.8%
Ranked 49th. 10 times more than China

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 75.79%
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than India
36.04%
Ranked 165th.

Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 30.73%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than India
7.88%
Ranked 5th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -0.504%
Ranked 47th.
-0.997%
Ranked 60th. 98% more than China

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU 300.97 billion
Ranked 5th.
-563,070,533,300
Ranked 85th.

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 0.8%
Ranked 66th.
10.4%
Ranked 55th. 13 times more than China

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 97.98%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than India
96.11%
Ranked 51st.
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 90.81%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
43.96%
Ranked 148th.
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 7.6%
Ranked 94th.
13.52%
Ranked 72nd. 78% more than China
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 92.57%
Ranked 11th. 71% more than India
54.08%
Ranked 126th.
Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 98.6%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than India
97.5%
Ranked 62nd.
Money transfers home > Remittance recipients 40.5 billion 55.06 billion
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 22.49 billion$
Ranked 2nd.
23.73 billion$
Ranked 1st. 5% more than China

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.2%
Ranked 7th.
5%
Ranked 58th. 19% more than China

GNI > Current LCU per capita 38,251.58
Ranked 98th.
83,026.85
Ranked 77th. 2 times more than China

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 63.84%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than India
21.73%
Ranked 89th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 78.81%
Ranked 68th. 15% more than India
68.72%
Ranked 110th.
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 92.56%
Ranked 90th.
95.02%
Ranked 45th. 3% more than China
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 17.24$ per capita
Ranked 110th.
21.68$ per capita
Ranked 105th. 26% more than China

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 74.1%
Ranked 57th.
78.3%
Ranked 32nd. 6% more than China

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 17.25$
Ranked 108th.
21.05$
Ranked 103th. 22% more than China

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 4,212.1 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 79th.
20,288.54 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 5 times more than China

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million 223.91 million
Ranked 19th.
-455,305,712.215
Ranked 48th.

Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 92.47%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than India
45.13%
Ranked 146th.
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 59.64%
Ranked 109th.
70.31%
Ranked 80th. 18% more than China
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 62.9%
Ranked 31st. 14% more than India
55.3%
Ranked 65th.

GNI growth > Annual % 8.25%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than India
3.09%
Ranked 59th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 38,251.58
Ranked 98th.
83,026.85
Ranked 77th. 2 times more than China

Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 81.61%
Ranked 112th.
90.53%
Ranked 59th. 11% more than China
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 97.3%
Ranked 35th.
97.38%
Ranked 32nd. The same as China
Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 27.52%
Ranked 98th.
52.67%
Ranked 54th. 91% more than China
Economic activity > Men aged 10-14 7.74%
Ranked 68th.
12.68%
Ranked 59th. 64% more than China
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 10.07$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 84th.
29.45$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 59th. 3 times more than China

Expense > % of GDP 11.12%
Ranked 113th.
15.34%
Ranked 91st. 38% more than China

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 97.93%
Ranked 82nd.
102.47%
Ranked 25th. 5% more than China

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 95.79%
Ranked 9th. 30% more than India
73.96%
Ranked 137th.
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 27.17%
Ranked 80th.
27.96%
Ranked 79th. 3% more than China
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 92.59%
Ranked 13th. 95% more than India
47.41%
Ranked 142nd.
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 1%
Ranked 67th.
10.5%
Ranked 54th. 11 times more than China

Force > Female > % of total labor force 44.54%
Ranked 66th. 57% more than India
28.35%
Ranked 166th.

Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 61.7%
Ranked 15th. 74% more than India
35.44%
Ranked 67th.
Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 20.73%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than India
8.59%
Ranked 3rd.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 91.64%
Ranked 1st. 39% more than India
65.99%
Ranked 136th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 95.31%
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than India
71.88%
Ranked 142nd.
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 39.1%
Ranked 74th. 2 times more than India
18.1%
Ranked 98th.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 44.65%
Ranked 77th. 61% more than India
27.79%
Ranked 159th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.2%
Ranked 53th.
5%
Ranked 83th. 19% more than China

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 43.84%
Ranked 94th.
48.64%
Ranked 83th. 11% more than China
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ 5.49 billion BoP $
Ranked 3rd.
21.6 billion BoP $
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than China

Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-31,198,328.27
Ranked 65th. 2 times more than India
$-14,846,783.73
Ranked 56th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.477%
Ranked 100th.
3.74%
Ranked 45th. 8 times more than China

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -265,998,082,043.652
Ranked 137th.
-999,000,000,000
Ranked 147th. 4 times more than China

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -196,934,231.669
Ranked 55th.
-807,803,604.705
Ranked 83th. 4 times more than China

SOURCES: International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Medical Graduates by Country, American Medical Association.; Sweis, L, and Guay, A. (2007) Foreign-trained dentists licensed in the United States: Exploring their origins. J Am Dent Assoc 2007;138;219–224.
; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank: Outlook for remittance flows to developing countries, 2009-10; Central Bank data for: Bangladesh, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank staff estimates

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