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Health Stats: compare key data on China & India

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Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average BMI (combining male and female population), according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Modern equipment: Equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Does hospitals have equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population: Number of people in the country who subsist on less than the required nutritional amounts per day.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population > Percentage: Percentage of population that subsists on less than the required nutritional amounts per day.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate: Percentage of females aged 15-19 who give birth, out of all females the same age in the country.
  • Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports: Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied you with the accuracy and completeness in filling out reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population per million people: Number of people in the country who subsist on less than the required nutritional amounts per day. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Crude birth rate: Country's crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is the number of live births for every 1,000 people.
  • Births and maternity > Maternal death rate: Number of mothers who died giving birth, out of 100,000 births.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports: Speed in completing examination and reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Speed in completing examination and reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff: Friendliness and courtesy of the staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Friendliness and courtesy of the staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
  • Births and maternity > Number of births: Total number of live births. A live birth refers to a birth after which the baby shows signs of life, however, if the baby dies after showing signs of life, it is still considered a live birth.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children underweight: Percentage of all children under 5 that are moderately or severely underweight.
  • Probability of not reaching 40: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Quality of health care system > Convenient location: Convenience of location for you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Convenience of location for you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Births and maternity > Antenatal care > Mothers getting 1+ visit during pregnancy: Percentage of pregnant women who received at least one visit by a doctor or other highly specialized care provider.
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5: Stunted children under the age of 5 years as a percentage of all children under the age of 5. Stunted children are too small for their age (by two standard deviations or more from the median height of the reference population at their age). Stunting is frequently associated with malnutrition.
  • Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles: Percentage of children under 1 year old immunized against measles.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Malaria cases > Per 100,000: Malaria cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$: Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$). Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Life expectancy > 95 percent range: 95% range.
  • Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cardiovascular diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cardiovascular disease rate, but rather how fatal cardiovascular diseases are in each country.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate: Percentage of females older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average female BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population): The number of people that die from injuries out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's injury rate, but rather how fatal injuries are in each country.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • Infant mortality > Female babies: Infant mortality rate for females under 1 year.
  • Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate: The number of people that die from noncommunicable diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's noncommunicable disease rate, but rather how fatal noncommunicable diseases are in each country.
  • Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million: Number of undernourished people in 2001-2003. Figures are in millions.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Diseases > Cholera cases: Total number of cholera cases reported in the country.
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average male BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million: Total adults smoking. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people: Total number of live births. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita: Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$). Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men): Percentage of males aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Health services > Community health workers > Per 1,000 people: Community health workers include various types of community health aides, many with country-specific occupational titles such as community health officers, community health-education workers, family health workers, lady health visitors and health extension package workers."
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
  • Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people): Dentistry personnel density (per 10 000 population).
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases.
  • Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel: Births attended by skilled health personnel, percentage.
  • Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate: Percentage of live births that are delivered through a cesarean section, more commonly referred to as a c-section.
  • Contraception: % contraceptive prevalence 1995 - 2000. Data refer to married women aged 15-49, but the actual age range covered may vary across countries.
  • Diseases > Leprosy cases: Number of reported Leprosy cases.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight boys under 5: Prevalence of underweight children.
  • Tobacco > Male smoking rate: Male [%].
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid: Percentage of usual wages the country mandates employers to pay women on maternity leave. For instance, Italy requires employers to pay a woman 80% of her normal wages while off work after giving birth.
  • Diseases > Measles cases: Number of reported measles cases.
  • Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million per million: Number of undernourished people in 2001-2003. Figures are in millions. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Tobacco > Female smoking rate: Female [%].
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women): Percentage of females aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate: Percentage of males older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Community health workers > Per 1,000 people: Community health workers (per 1,000 people). Community health workers include various types of community health aides, many with country-specific occupational titles such as community health officers, community health-education workers, family health workers, lady health visitors and health extension package workers.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49: People living with HIV/AIDS, women (age 15-49)
  • SARS total cases: Total cases of SARS in given countries
  • Children living with AIDS per 1000: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Future births per million people: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate, 2003
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider: The method/s in which women receive an income during their maternity leave. Some countries put the responsibility solely on the employer, while others either include maternity leaves into their social welfare programs or use a combination of the two. Some countries do not have laws regarding maternity leave such as the United States and Papua New Guinea.
  • Infant mortality > Male babies: Infant mortality rate for males under 1 year.
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Medicine availability: A list of essential generic medicines has been drawn up by the WHO. Public Medicine dispensing points are then visited and the availability of these medicines checked. The stat indicates the median percentage of medicines from the list that were available in each dispensary on the day of the survey.
  • SARS fatalities: Number of deaths
  • Children living with AIDS: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14)
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases: Number of all reported tetanus cases.
  • Diseases > Leprosy cases per million people: Number of reported Leprosy cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Cholera cases per million people: Total number of cholera cases reported in the country. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organizations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organizations. These resources are part of total health expenditure.
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people: Number of all reported tetanus cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health: Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > TB: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - TB
  • % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total: Health - % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 2002 - Total
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Urban
  • Nutrition > % of households consuming iodized salt: Health - Nutrition - % of households consuming iodized salt (1997-2002)
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: stunting moderate & severe
  • SARS fatality ratio %: Case fatality ratio (%)
  • SARS female cases %: Percentage of the female population relative to the total infected population
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight girls under 5: Prevalence of underweight children.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Life expectancy > 95% range: 95% range.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Nutrition > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months: Exclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fed breast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population with HIV.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure: Out-of-pocket expenditure on health as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (weight for age) is the percentage of children under five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median reference standard for their age as established by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Figures are based on children under age three, four, and five years of age, depending on the country.
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Rural.
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Rural
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Urban
  • Births with health staff: Births attended by skilled health staff. Definitions of skilled health staff may vary across countries. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified or to a running average for a series of years surrounding the period 1995 to 2000.
  • Health expenditure, total > % of GDP: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: underweight moderate & severe
  • % of population using improved drinking water sources > Total: Health - % of population using improved drinking water sources 2000 - Total
  • Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 2002
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Measles: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Measles
  • Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS: DOTS detection rate is the percentage of estimated new infectious tuberculosis cases detected under the directly observed treatment, short course case detection and treatment strategy.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - Polio3
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (height for age) is the percentage of children under five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. For children up to two years of age, height is measured by recumbent length. For older children, height is measured by stature while standing. The reference population adopted by the WHO in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of total health expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI: Compares the ratio of male to female BMI by countries, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Nutrition > Consumption of iodized salt > % of households: Consumption of iodized salt refers to the percentage of households that use edible salt fortified with iodine.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • SARS median age range: Median age range for SARS infected persons
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Nutrition > % of children who are   exclusively breastfed 6 months: Health - Nutrition - % of children (1995-2002) who are:   exclusively breastfed (<6 months)
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Pregnant women receiving prenatal care > %: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%). Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Maternity > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months: Exclusive breastfeeding (% of children under 6 months). Exclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fed breast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours.
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV refers to the percentage of women of those ages 15-49 infected with HIV.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
STAT China India HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 12.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 139th.
23.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 73th. 95% more than China

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 28.4
Ranked 15th. 7% more than India
26.5
Ranked 58th.

Births and maternity > Future births 10,854.24
Ranked 3rd.
16,181.96
Ranked 1st. 49% more than China

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.88%
Ranked 78th. 3% more than India
1.84%
Ranked 135th.

Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 143
Ranked 59th. 43% more than India
100
Ranked 157th.
Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 2.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than India
0.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th.

Life expectancy > Men 72 years
Ranked 19th. 13% more than India
64 years
Ranked 91st.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.68 years
Ranked 92nd. 12% more than India
66.8 years
Ranked 156th.

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 76.36
Ranked 98th. 13% more than India
67.74
Ranked 145th.

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 73.78
Ranked 54th. 15% more than India
64.26
Ranked 139th.

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 75.04
Ranked 67th. 14% more than India
65.96
Ranked 144th.

Physicians > Per 1,000 people 1.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
0.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.

Probability of reaching 65 > Male 70.9%
Ranked 51st. 18% more than India
59.9%
Ranked 92nd.
Quality of health care system > Cost 57.14
Ranked 33th. 2% more than India
55.92
Ranked 35th.
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 62.33
Ranked 29th.
64.36
Ranked 28th. 3% more than China
Infant mortality rate > Total 16.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 109th.
47.57 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than China

Deaths > Percent deaths registered <25 <25
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.81 births per woman
Ranked 130th.
2.84 births per woman
Ranked 74th. 57% more than China

Infant mortality rate 25.28
Ranked 81st.
57.92
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than China
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.652 per 1,000 people
Ranked 76th.
4.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than China
Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 12.1
Ranked 121st.
43.8
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than China

Life expectancy > Women 76 years
Ranked 30th. 12% more than India
68 years
Ranked 92nd.
Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 59.52
Ranked 34th.
68.95
Ranked 26th. 16% more than China
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.1%
Ranked 114th.
0.3%
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than China

Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 54.76
Ranked 23th.
56.38
Ranked 17th. 3% more than China
Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 2.23
Ranked 70th. 2 times more than India
0.9
Ranked 73th.

Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 22.86
Ranked 123th. 9% more than India
21.05
Ranked 158th.
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 740,000
Ranked 13th.
2.4 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than China

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 4.83 births
Ranked 175th.
69.68 births
Ranked 54th. 14 times more than China

Probability of reaching 65 > Female 79.4%
Ranked 65th. 23% more than India
64.7%
Ranked 107th.
Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 89.47
Ranked 23th. 21% more than India
74.1
Ranked 36th.
Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 70.51$
Ranked 113th. 2 times more than India
31.4$
Ranked 139th.

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population 158 million
Ranked 2nd.
213.8 million
Ranked 1st. 35% more than China

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population > Percentage 11.4%
Ranked 60th.
17%
Ranked 42nd. 49% more than China

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $278.02
Ranked 101st. 5 times more than India
$59.10
Ranked 153th.

Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 6.2
Ranked 75th.
38.5
Ranked 28th. 6 times more than China

Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 61.25
Ranked 31st.
68.46
Ranked 20th. 12% more than China
Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 73
Ranked 85th.
176
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than China

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population per million people 0.117 million
Ranked 54th.
0.173 million
Ranked 42nd. 48% more than China

Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 11.9
Ranked 13th.
22.1
Ranked 13th. 86% more than China

Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 37 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 111th.
200 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 53th. 5 times more than China

Maternal mortality 55 per 100,000
Ranked 79th.
540 per 100,000
Ranked 18th. 10 times more than China
Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 1.51
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than India
0.58
Ranked 25th.

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 17,148.69
Ranked 65th.
43,500.73
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than China

Death rates > Children under 5 19.1
Ranked 98th.
65.6
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than China

Death rates > Women 89.49
Ranked 104th.
174.29
Ranked 54th. 95% more than China

Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 66.25
Ranked 18th. 2% more than India
65.03
Ranked 20th.
Death rates > Men 149.18
Ranked 107th.
260.55
Ranked 52nd. 75% more than China

HIV AIDS > Deaths 26,000
Ranked 14th.
170,000
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than China

Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 48.75
Ranked 41st.
63.17
Ranked 24th. 30% more than China
Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 250
Ranked 39th.
260
Ranked 31st. 4% more than China

Tobacco > Total adult smokers 35.6%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than India
16%
Ranked 98th.
Births and maternity > Number of births 16.04 million
Ranked 1st.
27.06 million
Ranked 1st. 69% more than China

Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children underweight 3.6%
Ranked 26th.
43.5%
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than China

Probability of not reaching 40 7.9%
Ranked 80th.
16.7%
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than China
Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 71.83 years
Ranked 79th. 13% more than India
63.5 years
Ranked 127th.

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.034 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
0.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 9 times more than China
Life expectancy > Male 71.45
Ranked 66th. 15% more than India
62.26
Ranked 131st.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 1.66
Ranked 16th. 67% more than India
0.996
Ranked 96th.

Quality of health care system > Convenient location 66.67
Ranked 40th.
71.31
Ranked 31st. 7% more than China
Access to sanitation 83%
Ranked 64th. 15% more than India
72%
Ranked 77th.
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 23.16 trillion
Ranked 13th.
53.8 trillion
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than China

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 0.556
Ranked 116th.
2.02
Ranked 80th. 4 times more than China

Death rates > Infants 16.6
Ranked 98th.
50.3
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than China

Life expectancy at birth > Female 76.94 years
Ranked 104th. 13% more than India
67.95 years
Ranked 160th.

Life expectancy > Female 74.89
Ranked 92nd. 15% more than India
65.24
Ranked 134th.

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 136th.
52
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than China
Births and maternity > Antenatal care > Mothers getting 1+ visit during pregnancy 94.1%
Ranked 16th. 27% more than India
74.2%
Ranked 45th.

Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 261
Ranked 98th. 3 times more than India
96
Ranked 141st.
Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5 21.8%
Ranked 8th.
47.9%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than China

Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 99%
Ranked 14th. 34% more than India
74%
Ranked 162nd.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 72.68 years
Ranked 84th. 11% more than India
65.77 years
Ranked 147th.

Malaria cases > Per 100,000 1
Ranked 88th.
7
Ranked 80th. 7 times more than China
Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ $162.18 million
Ranked 4th. 40% more than India
$115.60 million
Ranked 6th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 73.69 years
Ranked 93th. 15% more than India
64.32 years
Ranked 129th.

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 64.1
Ranked 53th. 20% more than India
53.5
Ranked 133th.
Life expectancy > 95 percent range (78.00-80.00) (65.50-69.90)
Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 279
Ranked 126th.
382
Ranked 82nd. 37% more than China
Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate 3%
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than India
1%
Ranked 11th.
Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.96
Ranked 11th.
1.27
Ranked 28th. 32% more than China
Health spending per capita 108.46
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than India
40.29
Ranked 147th.

Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 91%
Ranked 8th. 21% more than India
75.2%
Ranked 17th.

Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 21.93
Ranked 119th. 12% more than India
19.6
Ranked 171st.
Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 70.07 years
Ranked 73th. 12% more than India
62.72 years
Ranked 121st.

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 107
Ranked 51st.
199
Ranked 23th. 86% more than China
Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 73
Ranked 86th.
116
Ranked 35th. 59% more than China
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.0195
Ranked 65th.
0.143
Ranked 55th. 7 times more than China

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 75.58
Ranked 63th. 29% more than India
58.49
Ranked 127th.

Drug access 80%
Ranked 68th.
0.0
Ranked 149th.
Infant mortality > Female babies 31.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 78th.
64.2 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than China

Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 627
Ranked 115th.
713
Ranked 82nd. 14% more than China
Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million 154 million
Ranked 2nd.
217.05 million
Ranked 1st. 41% more than China
Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 82.67
Ranked 80th. 22% more than India
67.51
Ranked 132nd.

Diseases > Cholera cases 168
Ranked 29th.
2,635
Ranked 10th. 16 times more than China
Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $233.29
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than India
$109.23
Ranked 132nd.

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 23.78
Ranked 116th. 6% more than India
22.5
Ranked 137th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 71
Ranked 75th. 15% more than India
62
Ranked 129th.
Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million 0.0273%
Ranked 113th. 92% more than India
0.0142%
Ranked 114th.
Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 11.93
Ranked 12th.
22.45
Ranked 11th. 88% more than China

Intestinal diseases death rate 5.08%
Ranked 90th.
24.25%
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than China
Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita $0.12
Ranked 8th. 28% more than India
$0.09
Ranked 9th.

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 100.26 per 100,000 people
Ranked 79th.
167.82 per 100,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 67% more than China

Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men) 3.4%
Ranked 14th. 21% more than India
2.8%
Ranked 15th.
Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.731
Ranked 82nd. 39% more than India
0.525
Ranked 129th.
Health services > Community health workers > Per 1,000 people 0.08
Ranked 4th. 60% more than India
0.05
Ranked 22nd.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 85
Ranked 139th.
177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than China

Dependency ratio per 100 43
Ranked 155th.
61
Ranked 83th. 42% more than China
Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) 1 1
Smoking rate > Women 4
Ranked 85th. 4 times more than India
1
Ranked 120th.
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ 839.1 million$
Ranked 1st. 400 times more than India
2.1 million$
Ranked 18th.
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 465,877
Ranked 2nd.
592,587
Ranked 1st. 27% more than China
Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 99.6%
Ranked 12th. 90% more than India
52.3%
Ranked 46th.

Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate 27%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than India
9%
Ranked 83th.

Contraception 84%
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than India
48%
Ranked 49th.
Diseases > Leprosy cases 1,528
Ranked 11th.
137,685
Ranked 1st. 90 times more than China
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases 2,112
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
937
Ranked 2nd.
Infant mortality rate > Female 16.57 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 99th.
49.14 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than China

Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight boys under 5 10%
Ranked 31st.
45%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than China

Tobacco > Male smoking rate 59.5
Ranked 9th. 80% more than India
33.1
Ranked 71st.
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15 650000 5600000
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid 100%
Ranked 41st. The same as India
100%
Ranked 52nd.
Diseases > Measles cases 109,023
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
36,900
Ranked 3rd.
Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million per million 0.12 million
Ranked 20th.
0.198 million
Ranked 16th. 66% more than China
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Tobacco > Female smoking rate 3.7
Ranked 94th.
3.8
Ranked 91st. 3% more than China
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 38
Ranked 101st.
230
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than China

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 65.2
Ranked 59th. 22% more than India
53.6
Ranked 133th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 85
Ranked 139th.
177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than China

Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 353.5
Ranked 58th.
511.25
Ranked 40th. 45% more than China
Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women) 3.4%
Ranked 14th. 21% more than India
2.8%
Ranked 15th.
Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate 2%
Ranked 10th.
0.0
Ranked 10th.
Community health workers > Per 1,000 people 0.806
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than India
0.046
Ranked 2nd.

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 63.1
Ranked 46th. 18% more than India
53.3
Ranked 127th.
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 1,500
Ranked 59th. 11 times more than India
140
Ranked 114th.
HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 0.11
Ranked 92nd.
0.79
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than China
SARS total cases 5,327
Ranked 1st. 1776 times more than India
3
Ranked 18th.
Children living with AIDS per 1000 0.00155
Ranked 79th.
0.155
Ranked 47th. 100 times more than China
Births and maternity > Future births per million people 13.06
Ranked 137th.
21.32
Ranked 84th. 63% more than China

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 74.99%
Ranked 102nd. 12% more than India
67.2%
Ranked 118th.

Total fertility rate 1.8
Ranked 133th.
3
Ranked 76th. 67% more than China
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider Social insurance  Employer
Infant mortality > Male babies 20.4 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 113th.
60.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 59th. 3 times more than China

Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita 643.24$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 316 times more than India
2.03$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.376$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 5th.
4.39$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 26th. 12 times more than China

Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Legal Legal
Medicine availability 19.2%
Ranked 5th.
20.5%
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than China
SARS fatalities 349
Ranked 1st.
0.0
Ranked 13th.
Children living with AIDS 2,000
Ranked 46th.
170,000
Ranked 6th. 85 times more than China
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 73
Ranked 84th. 16% more than India
63
Ranked 133th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 85
Ranked 139th.
177
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than China

Respiratory disease child death rate 62.56 (est) 83.54 (est)
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14 180000 1600000
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Legal Illegal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Legal Legal
Diseases > Total tetanus cases 2,112
Ranked 2nd.
7,005
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than China
Diseases > Leprosy cases per million people 1.16
Ranked 76th.
118.79
Ranked 7th. 102 times more than China
Diseases > Cholera cases per million people 0.127
Ranked 43th.
2.27
Ranked 34th. 18 times more than China
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people 1.6
Ranked 23th. 98% more than India
0.808
Ranked 37th.
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 44 per 1,000 people
Ranked 81st.
99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than China
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 88
Ranked 121st. 4 times more than India
20
Ranked 160th.
Spending > Private 3%
Ranked 37th.
4.2%
Ranked 11th. 40% more than China
Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 1.79%
Ranked 148th. 2 times more than India
0.87%
Ranked 178th.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 97.3%
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than India
42.5%
Ranked 62nd.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 44%
Ranked 120th. 33% more than India
33%
Ranked 145th.

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 93.78%
Ranked 12th. 9% more than India
86.14%
Ranked 47th.

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 89.7%
Ranked 11th. 51% more than India
59.5%
Ranked 15th.

External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.1%
Ranked 135th.
0.5%
Ranked 115th. 5 times more than China

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 94.32%
Ranked 2nd. 9% more than India
86.51%
Ranked 34th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 55%
Ranked 111th. 77% more than India
31%
Ranked 139th.

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.15%
Ranked 114th.
1.37%
Ranked 91st. 9 times more than China

Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 7.07%
Ranked 139th.
37.12%
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than China
Private health spending > % of GDP 2.36%
Ranked 84th.
3.03%
Ranked 53th. 28% more than China

Public health spending > % of government spending 9.86%
Ranked 111th. 3 times more than India
3.75%
Ranked 176th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 15.61 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 119th.
46.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than China

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 79
Ranked 132nd. 13% more than India
70
Ranked 151st.
Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people 1.6
Ranked 42nd.
6.04
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than China
Public health spending > % of total health spending 44.74%
Ranked 142nd. 71% more than India
26.18%
Ranked 169th.

Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 0.4%
Ranked 93th.
0.7%
Ranked 88th. 75% more than China
% immunized 1-year-old children > TB 77
Ranked 120th.
81
Ranked 115th. 5% more than China
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 100
Ranked 29th. 2% more than India
98
Ranked 84th.
Population suffering from undernourishment in 1990-1992 16%
Ranked 64th.
25%
Ranked 43th. 56% more than China
Population suffering from undernourishment in 2001-2003 12%
Ranked 60th.
20%
Ranked 47th. 67% more than China
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 69
Ranked 117th. 13% more than India
61
Ranked 126th.
Nutrition > % of households consuming iodized salt 93
Ranked 16th. 86% more than India
50
Ranked 67th.
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 16
Ranked 83th.
46
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than China
SARS fatality ratio % 7%
Ranked 11th.
0.0
Ranked 13th.
SARS female cases % 50%
Ranked 14th.
0.0
Ranked 21st.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight girls under 5 11%
Ranked 30th.
49%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than China

Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 8.82%
Ranked 71st.
9.01%
Ranked 69th. 2% more than China
Life expectancy > 95% range (78.00-80.00) (65.50-69.90)
Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 7th. 38% more than India
72%
Ranked 175th.

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 8th. 34% more than India
74%
Ranked 165th.

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 2.91%
Ranked 58th.
4.14%
Ranked 19th. 42% more than China

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.1
Ranked 109th.
0.8
Ranked 51st. 8 times more than China
Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 86%
Ranked 115th. 48% more than India
58%
Ranked 174th.

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 89%
Ranked 19th. 51% more than India
59%
Ranked 161st.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 12.49%
Ranked 81st. 55% more than India
8.05%
Ranked 139th.

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 97%
Ranked 53th. 47% more than India
66%
Ranked 167th.

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 94%
Ranked 80th. 32% more than India
71%
Ranked 157th.

Nutrition > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months 27.6%
Ranked 11th.
46.4%
Ranked 10th. 68% more than China

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 52%
Ranked 104th. 2 times more than India
21%
Ranked 138th.

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 28.99%
Ranked 78th.
38.26%
Ranked 57th. 32% more than China

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24 0.1%
Ranked 103th.
0.3%
Ranked 68th. 3 times more than China
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 97.3
Ranked 80th.
170
Ranked 55th. 75% more than China

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.1%
Ranked 118th.
0.3%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than China

Public health spending > % of GDP 1.91%
Ranked 145th. 77% more than India
1.08%
Ranked 174th.

Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 96.3%
Ranked 73th.
98.5%
Ranked 61st. 2% more than China
Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 7.8%
Ranked 15th.
46.7%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than China

% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural 66
Ranked 88th.
79
Ranked 64th. 20% more than China
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural 27
Ranked 114th. 80% more than India
15
Ranked 127th.
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban 94
Ranked 82nd.
95
Ranked 73th. 1% more than China
Births with health staff 89%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than India
42%
Ranked 93th.
Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 5.16%
Ranked 136th. 34% more than India
3.87%
Ranked 165th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 12%
Ranked 65th.
20%
Ranked 51st. 67% more than China

Improved water source > % of population with access 77%
Ranked 123th.
86%
Ranked 96th. 12% more than China

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe 11
Ranked 87th.
47
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than China
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Total 75
Ranked 105th.
84
Ranked 79th. 12% more than China
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 5.8%
Ranked 102nd.
6.1%
Ranked 86th. 5% more than China
% immunized 1-year-old children > Measles 79
Ranked 122nd. 18% more than India
67
Ranked 153th.
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS 79.67%
Ranked 46th. 30% more than India
61.31%
Ranked 91st.

% immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3 79
Ranked 133th. 13% more than India
70
Ranked 151st.
Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 14.2%
Ranked 39th.
44.9%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than China

Health expenditure, public > % of total health expenditure 55.89%
Ranked 110th. 80% more than India
31%
Ranked 173th.

Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI 1.08
Ranked 63th.
1.15
Ranked 25th. 6% more than China
Smoking prevalence > Males > % of adults 67%
Ranked 1st. 44% more than India
46.6%
Ranked 9th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 28.9%
Ranked 2nd.
49.7%
Ranked 23th. 72% more than China

Nutrition > Consumption of iodized salt > % of households 96.4%
Ranked 3rd. 89% more than India
51.1%
Ranked 19th.

Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 9.2%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than India
1.9%
Ranked 30th.

SARS median age range 0.0
Ranked 29th.
25
Ranked 26th.
Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 2.2%
Ranked 38th.
27.6%
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than China

Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 70
Ranked 55th. 17% more than India
60
Ranked 130th.
Nutrition > % of children who are   exclusively breastfed 6 months 67
Ranked 8th. 81% more than India
37
Ranked 44th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 10%
Ranked 72nd.
21%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than China

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 58%
Ranked 133th. 7% more than India
54%
Ranked 138th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 89%
Ranked 100th. 1% more than India
88%
Ranked 103th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 98%
Ranked 85th. 2% more than India
96%
Ranked 107th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 20%
Ranked 9th.
74.3%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than China
Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 83.1%
Ranked 58th. 57% more than India
52.97%
Ranked 132nd.
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 28.6%
Ranked 114th.
38.6%
Ranked 67th. 35% more than China

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care > % 93.7%
Ranked 4th. 25% more than India
75.2%
Ranked 29th.

Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.08%
Ranked 145th.
0.92%
Ranked 57th. 12 times more than China

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 87%
Ranked 1st. 85% more than India
47%
Ranked 19th.

Maternity > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months 27.6%
Ranked 15th.
46.4%
Ranked 10th. 68% more than China

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 34.77%
Ranked 80th.
59.36%
Ranked 17th. 71% more than China

Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 27.69%
Ranked 77th.
28.57%
Ranked 70th. 3% more than China

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 2.28%
Ranked 106th.
2.67%
Ranked 84th. 17% more than China

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 2.89%
Ranked 119th. 2 times more than India
1.2%
Ranked 182nd.

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; health care; World Health Organization. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organisation, OECD, supplemented by country data.; "Where are you on the global fat scale?". BBC. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-16. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-12-439.pdf. Walpole et al., BMC Public Health 2012, 12:4; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. 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