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People Stats: compare key data on China & India

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews: Total Jew population by country.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Cities > Slum population: Slum population in urban areas.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups: Foreign residents in Sydney by country of origin in 2006.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Migration > To the USA > Number of immigrants: Immigrant residents in the US by country of origin. Blank entries mean that the country did not make it into the top ten for
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Migration > Immigration to the United States > Origin: Immigrant residents in the US by country of origin in 2000.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > US illegal immigrants (percent change): Changes from 2000 to 2009 in country of origin of illegal immigrants living in the USA. Estimates by the Office of Homeland Security.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000: Total Jew population by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups per 1000: Foreign residents in Sydney by country of origin in 2006. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Cities > Slum population per thousand people: Slum population in urban areas. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Cities > Slum population proportion: Slum population as percentage of urban, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks: Members of the Greek diaspora by country of residence. Whether a member of the diaspora is defined as a Greek citizen, by ancestry or by self-identification varies by country.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Brisbane > Demographics: Foreign residents in Brisbane by country of origin in 2006.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population: Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line (% of urban population). Urban poverty rate is the percentage of the urban population living below the national urban poverty line.
  • Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > %: Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total (%). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. The participation rates are harmonized to account for differences in national data collection and tabulation methodologies as well as for other country-specific factors such as military service requirements. The series includes both nationally reported and imputed data and only estimates that are national, meaning there are no geographic limitations in coverage.
  • Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population: Emigration rate of tertiary educated (% of total tertiary educated population). Emigration rate of tertiary educated shows the stock of emigrants ages 25 and older, residing in an OECD country other than that in which they were born, with at least one year of tertiary education as a percentage of the population age 25 and older with tertiary education.
  • Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults: Mortality rate, adult, female (per 1,000 female adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, female (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort: Survival to age 65, male (% of cohort). Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population ages 15-64 > % of total: Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total: Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Structure > Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Access to electricity > % of population: Access to electricity (% of population). Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.
  • Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males: People - Women - Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2002
  • Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Male population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Total population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total: Total population - Age 75-79 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Antenatal care coverage %: People - Women - Antenatal care coverage (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 40-44: Male population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total: Total population - Age 70-74 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total: Total population - Age 65-69 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Total population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people: Total number of males living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Russia per thousand people: . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population). Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Total population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males: People - Women - Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2000
  • Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin: This entry includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different, operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
  • Population ages 0-14 > % of total: Population ages 0 to 14 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 14.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
STAT China India HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 46.9 years
Ranked 80th. 6% more than India
44.27 years
Ranked 118th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.19%
Ranked 119th.
15.9%
Ranked 85th. 5% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 164.91 million
Ranked 3rd.
245.95 million
Ranked 1st. 49% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.59%
Ranked 118th.
11.18%
Ranked 83th. 6% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 114.99 million
Ranked 3rd.
172.86 million
Ranked 1st. 50% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 34.3%
Ranked 87th. 14% more than India
30.21%
Ranked 120th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 76.63%
Ranked 94th. 16% more than India
66.19%
Ranked 125th.

Birth rate 12.25 births/1,000 population
Ranked 161st.
20.24 births/1,000 population
Ranked 87th. 65% more than China

Death rate 7.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 120th.
7.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 116th. 1% more than China

Ethnic groups Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%
Gender > Female population 528.02 million
Ranked 2nd.
760.43 million
Ranked 1st. 44% more than China

Population 1.35 billion
Ranked 1st. 11% more than India
1.22 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.344
Ranked 172nd. 41% more than India
-0.244
Ranked 141st.

Population growth -0.344%
Ranked 172nd. 41% more than India
-0.244%
Ranked 141st.

Population growth rate 0.46%
Ranked 154th.
1.28%
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 614.64 million
Ranked 2nd.
930.78 million
Ranked 1st. 51% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 54.14 million
Ranked 3rd.
80.33 million
Ranked 1st. 48% more than China

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 5.7%
Ranked 150th. 3 times more than India
1.9%
Ranked 182nd.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 50.51%
Ranked 107th.
53.89%
Ranked 75th. 7% more than China

Population in 2015 1.39 million thousand
Ranked 1st. 11% more than India
1.26 million thousand
Ranked 2nd.
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 588.45 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than India
172.41 million
Ranked 1st.
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 7.14
Ranked 114th.
7.95
Ranked 91st. 11% more than China

Total fertility rate 1.55 children born/woman
Ranked 179th.
2.55 children born/woman
Ranked 80th. 65% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 28.19%
Ranked 90th. 18% more than India
23.93%
Ranked 119th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.41
Ranked 170th.
0.6
Ranked 82nd. 46% more than China

Age structure > 0-14 years 17.2%
Ranked 178th.
28.9%
Ranked 87th. 68% more than China

Gender > Male population 557.61 million
Ranked 2nd.
786.41 million
Ranked 1st. 41% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 372.34 million
Ranked 2nd.
467.24 million
Ranked 1st. 25% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 56.62%
Ranked 103th.
60.17%
Ranked 72nd. 6% more than China

Age structure > 65 years and over 9.4%
Ranked 80th. 65% more than India
5.7%
Ranked 125th.

Nationality > Noun Chinese (singular and plural) Indian(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 49.8%
Ranked 91st. 25% more than India
39.76%
Ranked 120th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.99%
Ranked 118th.
5.19%
Ranked 95th. 4% more than China

Physicians density 1.46 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than India
0.65 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 33th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 306.08 million
Ranked 2nd.
370.1 million
Ranked 1st. 21% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 548.39 million
Ranked 3rd.
833.64 million
Ranked 1st. 52% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 119.51 million
Ranked 1st. 3% more than India
115.83 million
Ranked 2nd.

Cities > Urban population 59,505
Ranked 150th. 46% more than India
40,860
Ranked 196th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 24.2 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than India
3.1 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 2nd.
Nationality > Adjective Chinese Indian
Sex ratio > Total population 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 17th.
1.08 male(s)/female
Ranked 13th. 2% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.2%
Ranked 119th.
10.71%
Ranked 83th. 5% more than China

Sex ratio > At birth 1.12 male(s)/female
Ranked 4th. The same as India
1.12 male(s)/female
Ranked 5th.

Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk intermediate very high
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 11.01%
Ranked 95th. 47% more than India
7.49%
Ranked 129th.

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.07
Ranked 6th.
1.08
Ranked 1st. 1% more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 110.77 million
Ranked 3rd.
165.63 million
Ranked 1st. 50% more than China

Migration > Net migration rate -0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 99th. 8 times more than India
-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 86th.

Future population change -3,770,210.6
Ranked 195th.
-3,795,319.6
Ranked 196th. 1% more than China

Urban population 527.02 million
Ranked 1st. 68% more than India
314.15 million
Ranked 2nd.

Urbanization in 2015 19.4%
Ranked 160th.
33.5%
Ranked 141st. 73% more than China
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -1,577.828 per 1 million people
Ranked 99th. 12% more than India
-1,406.928 per 1 million people
Ranked 98th.

Median age > Total 36.3 years
Ranked 64th. 36% more than India
26.7 years
Ranked 133th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.99 years
Ranked 98th. 11% more than India
67.48 years
Ranked 161st.

Urban and rural > Urban population 701.3 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
338.36 million
Ranked 2nd.

Projected population growth 7.52%
Ranked 104th.
57.6%
Ranked 62nd. 8 times more than China
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 24.7
Ranked 18th. 22% more than India
20.2
Ranked 14th.
Age structure > 15-64 years 73.5%
Ranked 10th. 13% more than India
65.2%
Ranked 131st.

Literacy > Total population 95.1%
Ranked 101st. 51% more than India
62.8%
Ranked 187th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 24.7%
Ranked 158th.
44.3%
Ranked 86th. 79% more than China
Gender > Women aged 15-49 201.4 million
Ranked 3rd.
306.98 million
Ranked 1st. 52% more than China

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.83%
Ranked 121st. 2% more than India
26.42%
Ranked 149th.

Migration > Net migration -2,058,276
Ranked 178th. 34% more than India
-1,540,000
Ranked 177th.

Population > CIA Factbook 1.33 billion
Ranked 1st. 16% more than India
1.15 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Teenage pregancy rate 9.74
Ranked 162nd.
67.12
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than China

Population density 142.02
Ranked 60th.
383.41
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than China

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.17 male(s)/female
Ranked 1st. 4% more than India
1.13 male(s)/female
Ranked 7th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 110th.
44.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than China

Age structure > 25-54 years 46.7%
Ranked 23th. 16% more than India
40.4%
Ranked 114th.
Urban and rural > Rural population 649.39 million
Ranked 1st.
811.84 million
Ranked 1st. 25% more than China

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.691
Ranked 70th. 5% more than India
0.655
Ranked 101st.

Age structure > 15-24 years 15.4%
Ranked 149th.
18.2%
Ranked 102nd. 18% more than China
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.213
Ranked 112th.
0.61
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than China
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 519.22
Ranked 16th. 80% more than India
288.05
Ranked 69th.

Rural population 777.48 million
Ranked 2nd.
780.44 million
Ranked 1st. About the same as China

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 200,638
Ranked 9th. 10 times more than India
19,514
Ranked 31st.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 4.44 billion
Ranked 16th. 54% more than India
2.89 billion
Ranked 26th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.66
Ranked 157th.
2.53
Ranked 84th. 53% more than China

Age structure > 55-64 years 11.3%
Ranked 62nd. 64% more than India
6.9%
Ranked 123th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 20
Ranked 21st. 11% more than India
18
Ranked 63th.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 490.12
Ranked 169th. 2% more than India
482.64
Ranked 182nd.

Future population > Males 749.87 million
Ranked 2nd.
771.03 million
Ranked 1st. 3% more than China

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 12 years
Ranked 110th. 9% more than India
11 years
Ranked 136th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 11.93
Ranked 150th.
21
Ranked 90th. 76% more than China

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.06
Ranked 23th.
1.07
Ranked 19th. 1% more than China

Cities > Cities larger than the capital Shanghai Proper city of New Delhi is smaller than 179 cities located within the boundaries of India, including in order of largest populations: Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi , Bangalore (Bengaluru), Hyderabad , Ahmedabad , Chennai and Kolkata (Calcutta). The urban agglomeration of Delhi-New Delhi has 16,314,838 (11,000,000 only in Delhi) and is smaller only than the urban agglomeration of Mumbai (18,414,288).
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 36.8%
Ranked 189th.
52.4%
Ranked 101st. 42% more than China
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 144.1 sq. km
Ranked 68th.
410.72 sq. km
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 747.23
Ranked 8th. 15% more than India
647.6
Ranked 103th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 91% of population
Ranked 77th.
92% of population
Ranked 66th. 1% more than China
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 181.09
Ranked 107th.
189.97
Ranked 88th. 5% more than China

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1.2%
Ranked 24th.
35.7%
Ranked 5th. 30 times more than China
Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.27 years
Ranked 110th. 12% more than India
68.7 years
Ranked 164th.

Hospital bed density 3.8 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than India
0.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 9th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 84.6%
Ranked 2nd. 54% more than India
54.8%
Ranked 14th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 84.6%
Ranked 1st. 54% more than India
54.8%
Ranked 1st.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 8.2
Ranked 125th.
12.4
Ranked 90th. 51% more than China
Births > Teen motherhood rate 2%
Ranked 12th.
29%
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than China
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 480.78
Ranked 15th.
691.13
Ranked 17th. 44% more than China

Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 1,500
Ranked 30th.
15,401
Ranked 15th. 10 times more than China
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 20
Ranked 5th. 11% more than India
18
Ranked 6th.
Urbanization 37
Ranked 150th. 32% more than India
28
Ranked 176th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 12.1%
Ranked 72nd. 51% more than India
8%
Ranked 107th.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.92 male(s)/female
Ranked 36th. 1% more than India
0.91 male(s)/female
Ranked 39th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 12.1
Ranked 120th.
43.8
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 126.29
Ranked 65th. 63% more than India
77.42
Ranked 101st.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 300,989
Ranked 9th. 62% more than India
185,323
Ranked 17th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 2.3%
Ranked 12th.
20.5%
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than China

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 184.43
Ranked 146th.
301.72
Ranked 79th. 64% more than China

Population in largest city 14.5 million
Ranked 6th.
18.2 million
Ranked 5th. 25% more than China

Population, total 1.35 billion
Ranked 1st. 9% more than India
1.24 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Gender ratio > Whole population 93.6%
Ranked 179th. 1% more than India
93.1%
Ranked 181st.

Literacy > Female 92.7%
Ranked 37th. 82% more than India
50.8%
Ranked 5th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 332,855
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than India
58,896
Ranked 23th.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.226 per 1,000 people
Ranked 85th. 40% more than India
0.161 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 72.96 years
Ranked 89th. 10% more than India
66.38 years
Ranked 151st.

Net migration -1,500,000
Ranked 189th.
-2,294,049
Ranked 193th. 53% more than China

Migration > Refugees 292,300
Ranked 14th. 58% more than India
185,510
Ranked 21st.
Cities > Slum population 180.56 million
Ranked 1st. 72% more than India
104.68 million
Ranked 2nd.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.3%
Ranked 25th.
9.5%
Ranked 2nd. 32 times more than China
Maternal mortality rate 37 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 115th.
200 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than China

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 358,839
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than India
61,780
Ranked 24th.
Urban and rural > Female rural population 378.83 million
Ranked 1st.
394.59 million
Ranked 1st. 4% more than China

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 1
Ranked 88th. 3% more than India
0.977
Ranked 135th.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 44% of population
Ranked 72nd.
77% of population
Ranked 33th. 75% more than China

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.154
Ranked 107th.
0.667
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than China
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 8.52
Ranked 169th.
36.35
Ranked 100th. 4 times more than China

Languages Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry) Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 705.82
Ranked 9th. 14% more than India
620.86
Ranked 85th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 63.97
Ranked 140th.
100.6
Ranked 89th. 57% more than China

Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups 109,142
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
52,975
Ranked 5th.
Rural population per 1000 596.36
Ranked 62nd.
692.4
Ranked 41st. 16% more than China

Future population > Females 708.55 million
Ranked 2nd.
734.72 million
Ranked 1st. 4% more than China

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 6,000
Ranked 11th.
56,000
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than China

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 12 years
Ranked 110th. 9% more than India
11 years
Ranked 136th.
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 14.94
Ranked 74th. 2 times more than India
7.04
Ranked 118th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 2.1
Ranked 23th.
27.6
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than China
Gender > Male population per thousand people 526.41
Ranked 12th. 2% more than India
517.36
Ranked 14th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 15,600
Ranked 32nd. 111 times more than India
140
Ranked 58th.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 1%
Ranked 21st.
8%
Ranked 14th. 8 times more than China
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.4%
Ranked 8th.
43.5%
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than China
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 23.1 years
Ranked 9th. 16% more than India
19.9 years
Ranked 17th.
Education expenditures 1.9% of GDP
Ranked 10th.
3.3% of GDP
Ranked 38th. 74% more than China

Number of under-five deaths 258,000
Ranked 5th.
1.41 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than China

Number of infant deaths 224,000
Ranked 5th.
1.1 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than China

GDP per capita > Current US$ $6,091.01
Ranked 84th. 4 times more than India
$1,489.23
Ranked 137th.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 3.76e-08
Ranked 219th. 47% more than India
2.56e-08
Ranked 220th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 585.84 million
Ranked 1st. 70% more than India
344.52 million
Ranked 3rd.

Migration > To the USA > Number of immigrants 1,391 2,000
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 84.88
Ranked 65th. 67% more than India
50.68
Ranked 104th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 4,531
Ranked 61st.
6,692
Ranked 57th. 48% more than China
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 15.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 100th.
46.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than China

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 0.5%
Ranked 18th.
21.6%
Ranked 5th. 43 times more than China
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 71.9%
Ranked 14th. 14% more than India
63.3%
Ranked 131st.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 84
Ranked 1st. 53% more than India
55
Ranked 2nd.
Gender ratio > Babies 85.5%
Ranked 192nd.
92.2%
Ranked 186th. 8% more than China

Urban population per 1000 404.24
Ranked 131st. 45% more than India
278.71
Ranked 156th.

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 1.8%
Ranked 14th.
41.2%
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than China
Urban and rural > Male rural population 405.01 million
Ranked 1st.
417.25 million
Ranked 1st. 3% more than China

Urban and rural > Male urban population 235.26 million
Ranked 1st. 32% more than India
178.04 million
Ranked 1st.

Urban and rural > Female urban population 223.51 million
Ranked 1st. 39% more than India
160.31 million
Ranked 1st.

Migration > Immigration to the United States > Origin 1900000 1610000
Median age > Both sexes 35.2
Ranked 63th. 36% more than India
25.9
Ranked 125th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 50.65 million
Ranked 1st. 79% more than India
28.29 million
Ranked 3rd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 142.09 million
Ranked 2nd.
189.24 million
Ranked 1st. 33% more than China

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > US illegal immigrants (percent change) -37 64%
Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population Shanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 12 years
Ranked 106th. 20% more than India
10 years
Ranked 155th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.011 per capita
Ranked 118th.
0.017 per capita
Ranked 117th. 55% more than China

Infant mortality rate > Male 15.16 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 121st.
43.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than China

Literacy > Male 97.5%
Ranked 82nd. 30% more than India
75.2%
Ranked 175th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 46
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
19
Ranked 3rd.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 64% of population
Ranked 96th. 88% more than India
34% of population
Ranked 123th.

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 2% of population
Ranked 96th.
3% of population
Ranked 84th. 50% more than China
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.166
Ranked 103th.
0.887
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than China

Total Population per capita 1.01
Ranked 102nd. 4% more than India
0.972
Ranked 150th.
Gender ratio > Urban population 95%
Ranked 56th. 5% more than India
90.4%
Ranked 50th.

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 0.1%
Ranked 17th.
4.3%
Ranked 5th. 43 times more than China
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 8%
Ranked 79th. 54% more than India
5.2%
Ranked 117th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 107.26
Ranked 138th.
161.1
Ranked 81st. 50% more than China

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 22
Ranked 1st. 5% more than India
21
Ranked 2nd.
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews per 1000 0.00116
Ranked 49th.
0.0139
Ranked 41st. 12 times more than China
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 4%
Ranked 139th.
10%
Ranked 104th. 3 times more than China
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 7.5%
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than India
7.2%
Ranked 3rd.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 104.1
Ranked 169th.
106.9
Ranked 164th. 3% more than China

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 150
Ranked 112th. 35% more than India
110.9
Ranked 181st.

Religions Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2% Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 15% of population
Ranked 81st. 50% more than India
10% of population
Ranked 100th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.404 per capita
Ranked 133th. 41% more than India
0.287 per capita
Ranked 159th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 106.34
Ranked 136th.
241.9
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than China

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.154
Ranked 130th.
0.811
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than China
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 0.038%
Ranked 1st.
0.0
Ranked 6th.
Major infectious diseases > Animal contact disease rabies rabies
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 230.31 million
Ranked 1st. 81% more than India
127.14 million
Ranked 3rd.

Gender development 0.724
Ranked 75th. 29% more than India
0.56
Ranked 102nd.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 84.6%
Ranked 2nd. 54% more than India
54.8%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 8.5%
Ranked 10th. 55% more than India
5.5%
Ranked 12th.

Demographics of Sydney > Ethnic groups per 1000 0.0832
Ranked 18th. 80% more than India
0.0463
Ranked 20th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 12 years
Ranked 103th. 9% more than India
11 years
Ranked 143th.
Median age > Male 35.5 years
Ranked 64th. 36% more than India
26.1 years
Ranked 135th.

Cities > Slum population per thousand people 135.63
Ranked 31st. 54% more than India
87.96
Ranked 45th.

Cities > Slum population proportion 29.1%
Ranked 37th.
29.4%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than China

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 12 years
Ranked 49th. 20% more than India
10 years
Ranked 39th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 12 years
Ranked 49th. 20% more than India
10 years
Ranked 36th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 745.62 million
Ranked 2nd.
810.82 million
Ranked 1st. 9% more than China

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 93.5
Ranked 52nd.
94.8
Ranked 41st. 1% more than China

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 95
Ranked 56th. 5% more than India
90.4
Ranked 50th.

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 12th.
11.5%
Ranked 2nd. 29 times more than China
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 55.47 million
Ranked 1st. 77% more than India
31.28 million
Ranked 3rd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 351.05
Ranked 36th. 17% more than India
300.4
Ranked 135th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 41.88
Ranked 71st. 57% more than India
26.63
Ranked 114th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 20.1%
Ranked 158th.
31.5%
Ranked 90th. 57% more than China

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 10%
Ranked 117th.
19%
Ranked 86th. 90% more than China
Female population > Age 15-19 59.53 million
Ranked 1st. 13% more than India
52.91 million
Ranked 2nd.
Median age > Female 37.2 years
Ranked 64th. 36% more than India
27.4 years
Ranked 126th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 2,092.8
Ranked 101st. 77% more than India
1,184.12
Ranked 123th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 2.7%
Ranked 66th. 13% more than India
2.4%
Ranked 76th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 74% of population
Ranked 133th. 28% more than India
58% of population
Ranked 152nd.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 146.81 per 1 million people
Ranked 87th. 9 times more than India
17.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 140th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 282.71
Ranked 21st. 10% more than India
257.57
Ranked 79th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 15
Ranked 120th.
54.1
Ranked 56th. 4 times more than China

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page ). url= http://india.gov.in/howdo/howdoi.php?service=3 |title=Obtain Marriage Certificate - How do I: National Portal of India |publisher=India.gov.in |date= |accessdate=2013-01-14}}</ref> If any partner(s) engages in marriage at a younger age, (s)he can ask for the marriage to be declared void. A recent recommendation by the Law Commission aims to equalize the marriage age for males and females to 18. Official policy automatically declares marriages under 16 as "null and void", while marriages at the age of 16 or 17 are "voidable". In 2012, high court has declared that Muslim women can marry at 15. Additionally, the report declares that "In spite of these legal provisions, child marriage is still widely practiced and a marriage solemnized in contravention of these provisions is not void even under the new PCMA, 1929, the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and also under the Muslim Law."
Future population > Males per thousand people 521.58
Ranked 36th.
523.04
Ranked 32nd. About the same as China
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa required Visa required
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Greeks 100
Ranked 50th.
1,900
Ranked 16th. 19 times more than China
International migrant stock, total 685,775
Ranked 57th.
5.44 million
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than China

International migrant stock, total per 1000 0.513
Ranked 207th.
4.51
Ranked 182nd. 9 times more than China

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 56
Ranked 106th.
540
Ranked 40th. 10 times more than China
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 3,000
Ranked 48th.
7,000
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than China
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 1,700
Ranked 61st. 10 times more than India
170
Ranked 127th.

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 136th.
52
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than China
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.00012
Ranked 146th.
0.000741
Ranked 144th. 6 times more than China
Migration > Immigration to the United States > Immigration summary 1830 to 2000 1,391
Ranked 2nd. 38% more than India
1,007
Ranked 4th.
Migration > Refugees per 1000 0.257
Ranked 82nd. 21% more than India
0.214
Ranked 85th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.5%
Ranked 8th.
1.2%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than China
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 125.3 million
Ranked 2nd.
172.17 million
Ranked 1st. 37% more than China

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 38.24
Ranked 61st. 59% more than India
24.08
Ranked 99th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 26%
Ranked 134th. 37% more than India
19%
Ranked 144th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 466,940
Ranked 3rd. 5% more than India
443,690
Ranked 4th.
Total Population > Female 637.51 million
Ranked 1st. 20% more than India
530.74 million
Ranked 2nd.
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 590,252
Ranked 59th.
5.89 million
Ranked 8th. 10 times more than China

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 24.8 years
Ranked 16th.
24.9 years
Ranked 15th. About the same as China
Future population > Females per thousand people 488.74
Ranked 142nd.
489.04
Ranked 140th. The same as China
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 53
Ranked 90th.
540
Ranked 22nd. 10 times more than China
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 104.1%
Ranked 169th.
106.9%
Ranked 164th. 3% more than China

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 108.9
Ranked 167th.
109.9
Ranked 164th. 1% more than China

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 150
Ranked 112th. 35% more than India
110.9
Ranked 181st.

Brisbane > Demographics 11,418
Ranked 4th. 51% more than India
7,549
Ranked 7th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 49.72
Ranked 102nd.
50.18
Ranked 99th. 1% more than China
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 36.51
Ranked 145th.
47.78
Ranked 105th. 31% more than China
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 41.77
Ranked 32nd. 18% more than India
35.26
Ranked 100th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 95.38
Ranked 107th.
97.12
Ranked 104th. 2% more than China
Male population > Age 25-29 47.48 million
Ranked 2nd.
49.68 million
Ranked 1st. 5% more than China
Female population > Age 25-29 45 million
Ranked 1st. 3% more than India
43.6 million
Ranked 2nd.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 45.66
Ranked 112th.
46.94
Ranked 107th. 3% more than China
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 77.33
Ranked 141st.
98.58
Ranked 103th. 27% more than China
Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population 2%
Ranked 10th.
13.7%
Ranked 12th. 7 times more than China

Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24, total > % 56.2%
Ranked 49th. 49% more than India
37.7%
Ranked 129th.

Emigration rate of tertiary educated > % of total tertiary educated population 3.79%
Ranked 162nd.
4.34%
Ranked 155th. 14% more than China

Mortality rate, adult, female > Per 1,000 female adults 78.87
Ranked 117th.
160.66
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than China

Survival to age 65, female > % of cohort 85.51%
Ranked 76th. 20% more than India
70.99%
Ranked 141st.

Survival to age 65, male > % of cohort 81.2%
Ranked 45th. 31% more than India
61.77%
Ranked 131st.

Rural population > % of total population 48.22%
Ranked 86th.
68.34%
Ranked 36th. 42% more than China

Total population > Age 65-69 37.02 million
Ranked 1st. 74% more than India
21.23 million
Ranked 2nd.
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 70.99%
Ranked 13th. 13% more than India
62.67%
Ranked 101st.

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 104.1
Ranked 169th.
106.9
Ranked 164th. 3% more than China

Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total 40.4%
Ranked 136th. 41% more than India
28.7%
Ranked 164th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual % 2.58%
Ranked 67th. 13% more than India
2.28%
Ranked 80th.

Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total 8.07%
Ranked 58th. 66% more than India
4.85%
Ranked 95th.

Structure > Population > Female > % of total 48.1%
Ranked 171st.
48.34%
Ranked 168th. About the same as China

Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Women > Aged 40 to 59 4.3%
Ranked 16th.
15.2%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than China
Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population 17.49%
Ranked 57th. 38% more than India
12.68%
Ranked 76th.

Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 3.37
Ranked 77th. 25% more than India
2.7
Ranked 97th.
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 17.39
Ranked 58th. 29% more than India
13.51
Ranked 80th.
Access to electricity > % of population 99.7%
Ranked 7th. 33% more than India
75%
Ranked 49th.

Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 106
Ranked 97th. 4% more than India
102
Ranked 157th.
Urbanization in 1975 49.5%
Ranked 62nd. 79% more than India
27.7%
Ranked 113th.
Total population > Age 20-24 per 1000 81.03
Ranked 132nd.
90.86
Ranked 93th. 12% more than China
Total population > Age 35-39 124.48 million
Ranked 1st. 65% more than India
75.44 million
Ranked 2nd.
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.61
Ranked 167th.
4.54
Ranked 29th. 26% more than China
Amateur radio operator > Demographics of amateur radio operators > Year of > Report 2000 2000
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 9.47
Ranked 11th. 37% more than India
6.89
Ranked 101st.
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 1.46
Ranked 85th. 59% more than India
0.92
Ranked 129th.
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 90
Ranked 60th. 50% more than India
60
Ranked 116th.
Male population > Age 40-44 58.57 million
Ranked 1st. 76% more than India
33.25 million
Ranked 2nd.
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 2.28
Ranked 72nd. 68% more than India
1.36
Ranked 122nd.
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 2.82
Ranked 77th. 45% more than India
1.94
Ranked 119th.
Total population > Age 75-79 per 1000 14.76
Ranked 69th. 65% more than India
8.94
Ranked 111th.
Urban and rural > Male rural population per thousand people 320.76
Ranked 16th.
355.21
Ranked 11th. 11% more than China

Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 177.01
Ranked 64th. 30% more than India
136.48
Ranked 63th.

Population growth > Annual % 0.64%
Ranked 142nd.
1.37%
Ranked 94th. 2 times more than China

Male population > Age 35-39 63.98 million
Ranked 1st. 69% more than India
37.93 million
Ranked 2nd.
Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 26% of population
Ranked 64th.
42% of population
Ranked 43th. 62% more than China

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Russia per thousand people 0.0239
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than India
0.00497
Ranked 25th.
Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $27.21%
Ranked 12th.
$68.76%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than China

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 78.1%
Ranked 69th.
80.9%
Ranked 44th. 4% more than China

Total population > Age 10-14 100.81 million
Ranked 2nd.
111.11 million
Ranked 1st. 10% more than China
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 8.04
Ranked 148th.
9.35
Ranked 80th. 16% more than China
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 491.51 million
Ranked 1st. 31% more than India
374.16 million
Ranked 2nd.

Population in the largest city > % of urban population 2.75%
Ranked 116th.
5.79%
Ranked 114th. 2 times more than China

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 465.02 million
Ranked 1st. 32% more than India
352.87 million
Ranked 2nd.

Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 85
Ranked 87th. 29% more than India
66
Ranked 120th.
Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin 300,897 (Vietnam); estimated 30,000-50,000 (North Korea) 77,200 (Tibet/China); 69,609 (Sri Lanka); 9,472 (Afghanistan)
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 21.41%
Ranked 133th.
32.06%
Ranked 82nd. 50% more than China

Urban population growth > Annual % 2.95%
Ranked 58th. 43% more than India
2.07%
Ranked 92nd.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; United Nations Statistics Division Source tables; United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and Macro International.; United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; International Energy Agency; Wikipedia: Amateur radio operator; Wikipedia: Russian Census (2002) (Citizenship). 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