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People Stats: compare key data on Ecuador & United States

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese: Number of residents who are Lebanese-born or of Lebanese descent.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males: People - Women - Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2002
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin: This entry includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different, operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
  • Population ages 0-14 > % of total: Population ages 0 to 14 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 14.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Total population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration."
  • Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Female population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net migration per million: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • GDP per capita growth > Annual %: GDP per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
STAT Ecuador United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 47.97 years
Ranked 54th. 8% more than United States
44.38 years
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.58%
Ranked 149th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 15% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 3.56 million
Ranked 75th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 22 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.23%
Ranked 148th.
11.22%
Ranked 80th. 10% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 2.5 million
Ranked 75th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 21 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 80.66%
Ranked 69th. 5% more than United States
76.73%
Ranked 93th.

Birth rate 19.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 92nd. 41% more than United States
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th.

Death rate 5.03 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 183th.
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th. 67% more than Ecuador

Ethnic groups mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 12.24 million
Ranked 72nd.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than Ecuador

Mother's mean age at first birth 21.8
Ranked 3rd.
25
Ranked 5th. 15% more than Ecuador
Population 15.44 million
Ranked 67th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 21 times more than Ecuador

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.168
Ranked 120th.
0.122
Ranked 53th.

Population growth -0.168%
Ranked 120th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th.

Population growth rate 1.4%
Ranked 86th. 56% more than United States
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.99%
Ranked 56th. 12% more than United States
32.24%
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 13.51 million
Ranked 74th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 1.16 million
Ranked 75th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 22 times more than Ecuador

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 21.4%
Ranked 85th.
33%
Ranked 16th. 54% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.44%
Ranked 132nd.
51.06%
Ranked 99th. 3% more than Ecuador

Population in 2015 15,144 thousand
Ranked 67th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Ecuador
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 6.43 million
Ranked 17th.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 13 times more than Ecuador

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 4.94
Ranked 173th.
8.07
Ranked 88th. 63% more than Ecuador

Total fertility rate 2.33 children born/woman
Ranked 94th. 13% more than United States
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 30.07%
Ranked 61st. 13% more than United States
26.71%
Ranked 104th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.62
Ranked 76th. 27% more than United States
0.49
Ranked 133th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 29%
Ranked 86th. 45% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.

Gender > Male population 12.17 million
Ranked 70th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 8.78 million
Ranked 65th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 17 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 55.35%
Ranked 128th.
56.58%
Ranked 104th. 2% more than Ecuador

Age structure > 65 years and over 6.7%
Ranked 112th.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Ecuador

Nationality > Noun Ecuadorian(s) American(s)
Divorce rate 0.42 per 1,000 people
Ranked 24th.
4.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than Ecuador
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.33%
Ranked 64th. 15% more than United States
47.21%
Ranked 101st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.76%
Ranked 148th.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 16% more than Ecuador

Physicians density 1.69 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 23th.
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 43% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 7.34 million
Ranked 62nd.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 17 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 12.07 million
Ranked 74th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 20 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 3.17 million
Ranked 48th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Ecuador

Cities > Urban population 75,061
Ranked 93th.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 13% more than Ecuador

Nationality > Adjective Ecuadorian American
Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 107th. 2% more than United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 9.81%
Ranked 148th.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 14% more than Ecuador

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 134th. The same as United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 12.98%
Ranked 68th. 16% more than United States
11.18%
Ranked 93th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 117th. The same as United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 2.4 million
Ranked 75th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 22 times more than Ecuador

Migration > Net migration rate -7.98 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 166th.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 21.8
Ranked 3rd.
25
Ranked 5th. 15% more than Ecuador
Future population change -41,192.6
Ranked 154th.
563,170
Ranked 12th.

Urban population 8.31 million
Ranked 55th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Ecuador

Urbanization in 2015 69.4%
Ranked 68th.
81%
Ranked 37th. 17% more than Ecuador
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -30,237.927 per 1 million people
Ranked 159th.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th.

Median age > Total 26.3 years
Ranked 138th.
37.2 years
Ranked 61st. 41% more than Ecuador

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 76.15 years
Ranked 82nd.
78.62 years
Ranked 50th. 3% more than Ecuador

Urban and rural > Urban population 9.41 million
Ranked 31st.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 26 times more than Ecuador

Projected population growth 92.04%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than United States
45.31%
Ranked 78th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 21.8
Ranked 30th.
26.9
Ranked 5th. 23% more than Ecuador
Age structure > 15-64 years 63.9%
Ranked 146th.
66.5%
Ranked 101st. 4% more than Ecuador

Literacy > Total population 91.6%
Ranked 129th.
99%
Ranked 35th. 8% more than Ecuador

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 47.2%
Ranked 78th. 61% more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 138th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 25
Ranked 32nd.
28.8
Ranked 6th. 15% more than Ecuador
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 26.33%
Ranked 153th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 12% more than Ecuador

Gender > Women aged 15-49 4.51 million
Ranked 74th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 20 times more than Ecuador

Housing > Average people per household 4.2
Ranked 2nd. 62% more than United States
2.6
Ranked 1st.
Percentage living in urban areas 62%
Ranked 86th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 29% more than Ecuador
Migration > Net migration -400,000
Ranked 165th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women <18 13
Population > CIA Factbook 13.93 million
Ranked 65th.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 22 times more than Ecuador

Teenage pregancy rate 82.6
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than United States
34.96
Ranked 99th.

Gender empowerment 0.484
Ranked 46th.
0.757
Ranked 11th. 56% more than Ecuador
Population density 48.7
Ranked 127th. 47% more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 135th. The same as United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Percentage living in rural areas. 38%
Ranked 116th. 90% more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 18.48 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 98th. 3 times more than United States
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 38.7%
Ranked 136th.
40.2%
Ranked 117th. 4% more than Ecuador
Urban and rural > Rural population 4.79 million
Ranked 36th.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 12 times more than Ecuador

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 25th.
0.739
Ranked 23th. The same as Ecuador

Age structure > 15-24 years 18.7%
Ranked 93th. 36% more than United States
13.7%
Ranked 169th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.442
Ranked 65th. 73% more than United States
0.256
Ranked 103th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 627.32
Ranked 41st.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 28% more than Ecuador

Rural population 4.92 million
Ranked 73th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 12 times more than Ecuador

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 1,027
Ranked 85th.
2,368
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 81.28 million
Ranked 85th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 594 times more than Ecuador

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 2.62
Ranked 80th. 38% more than United States
1.89
Ranked 134th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 6.9%
Ranked 127th.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 78% more than Ecuador
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 95th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men <18 14
Gender > Female population per thousand people 499.68
Ranked 118th.
513.11
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Ecuador

Future population > Males 8.3 million
Ranked 71st.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Ecuador

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 74th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Ecuador

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 21.46
Ranked 83th. 69% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.97
Ranked 168th.
1
Ranked 105th. 3% more than Ecuador

Cities > Cities larger than the capital Guayaquil New York City , Los Angeles , Chicago , Houston , Philadelphia , Phoenix , San Antonio , San Diego , Dallas , San Jose , Austin , Jacksonville , Indianapolis , San Francisco , Columbus , Fort Worth , Charlotte , Detroit , El Paso , Memphis , Boston , Seattle , Denver ( Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks 4th)
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.61
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 57.4%
Ranked 79th. 14% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 119th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 61.39 sq. km
Ranked 131st. 80% more than United States
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 628.79
Ranked 120th.
677.3
Ranked 56th. 8% more than Ecuador

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 94% of population
Ranked 61st.
99% of population
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Ecuador
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 186.43
Ranked 95th. 31% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 21.9%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 14th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 79.25 years
Ranked 82nd.
81.17 years
Ranked 53th. 2% more than Ecuador

Hospital bed density 1.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 55th.
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th. 88% more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 72.7%
Ranked 8th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Ecuador

Contraceptive prevalence rate 72.7%
Ranked 1st.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 5% more than Ecuador
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 9.8
Ranked 113th. 2 times more than United States
4.8
Ranked 158th.
Births > Teen motherhood rate 16%
Ranked 3rd. Twice as much as United States
8%
Ranked 4th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 319.61
Ranked 51st. 66% more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 3rd. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
Urbanization 63
Ranked 84th.
77
Ranked 44th. 22% more than Ecuador
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 10.3%
Ranked 84th.
21%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Ecuador
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.92 male(s)/female
Ranked 37th. 19% more than United States
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 19.8
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 87.54
Ranked 89th.
186.84
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 116,557
Ranked 22nd.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 7.4%
Ranked 12th.
8%
Ranked 16th. 8% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 309.53
Ranked 76th. 55% more than United States
200.26
Ranked 139th.

Population in largest city 2.39 million
Ranked 54th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Ecuador

Population, total 15.49 million
Ranked 66th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 20 times more than Ecuador

Gender ratio > Whole population 99.4%
Ranked 138th.
103.3%
Ranked 65th. 4% more than Ecuador

Literacy > Female 90.2%
Ranked 52nd.
99%
Ranked 15th. 10% more than Ecuador
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 138,374
Ranked 21st. 34% more than United States
103,121
Ranked 24th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 7.28 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th. 8 times more than United States
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 73.2 years
Ranked 84th.
76.19 years
Ranked 48th. 4% more than Ecuador

Net migration -30,000
Ranked 123th.
5 million
Ranked 1st.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 6.9%
Ranked 2nd. 64% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 5th.

Maternal mortality rate 110 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 66th. 5 times more than United States
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 27 August 2006 30 December 1999
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 132,501
Ranked 21st. 43% more than United States
92,855
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 2.35 million
Ranked 32nd.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Ecuador

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.96
Ranked 148th.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 4% more than Ecuador

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 16% of population
Ranked 106th. 16 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 153th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.48
Ranked 39th. 77% more than United States
0.271
Ranked 78th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 78.33
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than United States
32.73
Ranked 105th.

Languages Spanish (official), indigenous (Quechua, Shuar) English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 602.93
Ranked 104th.
622.34
Ranked 81st. 3% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 106.11
Ranked 78th. 61% more than United States
66.08
Ranked 135th.

Rural population per 1000 357.18
Ranked 117th. 85% more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women <18 13
Future population > Females 8.38 million
Ranked 72nd.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Ecuador

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 320
Ranked 69th.
880
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Ecuador

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 74th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Ecuador
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 14.1%
Ranked 85th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 23% more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 13.23
Ranked 80th.
36.67
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 21.9
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United States
2.8
Ranked 13th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 18.1%
Ranked 34th. 15% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 43th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 500.32
Ranked 72nd. 1% more than United States
496.34
Ranked 103th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 8%
Ranked 12th.
18%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Ecuador

Children under the age of 5 years underweight 6.2%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 21.5 years
Ranked 12th.
26.3 years
Ranked 8th. 22% more than Ecuador
Education expenditures 4.9% of GDP
Ranked 23th.
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 10% more than Ecuador

Number of infant deaths 6,000
Ranked 73th.
25,000
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Ecuador

Number of under-five deaths 8,000
Ranked 73th.
29,000
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Ecuador

GDP per capita > Current US$ $5,424.63
Ranked 90th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 10 times more than Ecuador

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4.43e-06
Ranked 142nd. 17 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 9.03 million
Ranked 52nd.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 28 times more than Ecuador

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 61.68
Ranked 89th.
131.88
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Ecuador

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 114
Ranked 135th.
1,200
Ranked 79th. 11 times more than Ecuador
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 15.07 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 101st. 3 times more than United States
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Jan 1990 16 Feb 1995
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 62.7%
Ranked 135th.
67.1%
Ranked 75th. 7% more than Ecuador

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 2
Ranked 44th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 21 times more than Ecuador
Gender ratio > Babies 95.9%
Ranked 82nd. 1% more than United States
95.2%
Ranked 116th.

Urban population per 1000 602.99
Ranked 82nd.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 34% more than Ecuador

Urban and rural > Female urban population 4.74 million
Ranked 29th.
127.55 million
Ranked 1st. 27 times more than Ecuador

Urban and rural > Male urban population 4.67 million
Ranked 29th.
121.7 million
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than Ecuador

Urban and rural > Male rural population 2.44 million
Ranked 31st.
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Ecuador

Median age > Both sexes 25.3
Ranked 130th.
36.9
Ranked 3rd. 46% more than Ecuador
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 340,861
Ranked 71st.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 48 times more than Ecuador

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.27 million
Ranked 68th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 14 times more than Ecuador

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population Guayaquil 2.634 million; QUITO (capital) 1.622 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 71st.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than Ecuador

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.18 per capita
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 21.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 96th. 3 times more than United States
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Literacy > Male 93.1%
Ranked 122nd.
99%
Ranked 44th. 6% more than Ecuador

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 65th.
21
Ranked 2nd. 21 times more than Ecuador
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 92% of population
Ranked 51st.
100% of population
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than Ecuador

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 4% of population
Ranked 79th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.7%
Ranked 93th.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 60% more than Ecuador

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.387
Ranked 78th. 5 times more than United States
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Total Population per capita 0.983
Ranked 137th.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 3% more than Ecuador
Gender ratio > Urban population 101.8%
Ranked 41st.
105.2%
Ranked 27th. 3% more than Ecuador

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.2%
Ranked 121st.
12.7%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 156.76
Ranked 85th. 53% more than United States
102.79
Ranked 142nd.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 305,632
Ranked 8th.
429,882
Ranked 3rd. 41% more than Ecuador
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 7%
Ranked 128th.
42%
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Ecuador
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 3rd. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.2%
Ranked 81st.
4%
Ranked 6th. 20 times more than Ecuador
Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 128.2
Ranked 161st.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 46% more than Ecuador

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 111.4
Ranked 150th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 17% more than Ecuador

Religions Roman Catholic 95%, other 5% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 11% of population
Ranked 96th. 83% more than United States
6% of population
Ranked 116th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.628 per capita
Ranked 77th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 29% more than Ecuador

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 171.22
Ranked 103th. 27% more than United States
134.94
Ranked 138th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.655
Ranked 43th. 33% more than United States
0.491
Ranked 78th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 4.9%
Ranked 2nd.
13.6%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ecuador
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.73
Ranked 112th. 43% more than United States
0.51
Ranked 124th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 3.9 million
Ranked 44th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Ecuador

Gender development 0.718
Ranked 77th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 31% more than Ecuador
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 4.3%
Ranked 14th.
11.8%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 72.7%
Ranked 8th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Ecuador

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 13 years
Ranked 88th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 23% more than Ecuador
Median age > Male 25.7 years
Ranked 142nd.
35.9 years
Ranked 61st. 40% more than Ecuador

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 54th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 29% more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 6.6
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
1.5
Ranked 3rd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 14 years
Ranked 1st.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 29% more than Ecuador
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 4.6 million
Ranked 70th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 12 times more than Ecuador

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 95.3
Ranked 39th.
99
Ranked 37th. 4% more than Ecuador

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 101.8
Ranked 41st.
105.2
Ranked 27th. 3% more than Ecuador

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 32.1%
Ranked 85th. 60% more than United States
20.1%
Ranked 157th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 385,316
Ranked 77th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 58 times more than Ecuador

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 301.89
Ranked 132nd.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 11% more than Ecuador

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 26.55
Ranked 115th.
73.75
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Ecuador

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 14%
Ranked 103th.
57%
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Ecuador
Female population > Age 15-19 679,256
Ranked 67th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Ecuador
Median age > Female 26.9 years
Ranked 132nd.
38.5 years
Ranked 58th. 43% more than Ecuador

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 28,334.41
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than United States
9,044
Ranked 51st.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 2.1%
Ranked 93th. 62% more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 137th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 96% of population
Ranked 80th.
100% of population
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Ecuador

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 76.54 per 1 million people
Ranked 105th. 11 times more than United States
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 261.79
Ranked 67th. 8% more than United States
241.41
Ranked 133th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 26.1
Ranked 81st. 3 times more than United States
7.8
Ranked 149th.

Future population > Males per thousand people 459.85
Ranked 169th.
501
Ranked 73th. 9% more than Ecuador
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa Waiver Program
International migrant stock, total 393,641
Ranked 76th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 109 times more than Ecuador

International migrant stock, total per 1000 26.24
Ranked 124th.
138.41
Ranked 46th. 5 times more than Ecuador

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 130
Ranked 79th. 8 times more than United States
17
Ranked 135th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 1,000
Ranked 64th.
8.3 million
Ranked 1st. 8300 times more than Ecuador
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 350
Ranked 108th.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 7 times more than Ecuador

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 408
Ranked 99th.
8,424
Ranked 25th. 21 times more than Ecuador
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0493
Ranked 64th. 29 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 52
Ranked 99th. The same as United States
52
Ranked 83th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.4%
Ranked 10th. The same as United States
0.4%
Ranked 13th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 2.19 million
Ranked 68th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 14 times more than Ecuador

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 23.49
Ranked 106th.
53.48
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 13,480
Ranked 73th.
250,535
Ranked 7th. 19 times more than Ecuador
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 30%
Ranked 125th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Ecuador
Total Population > Female 6.77 million
Ranked 64th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Ecuador
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 123,627
Ranked 112th.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 318 times more than Ecuador

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 24.6 years
Ranked 12th.
28.6 years
Ranked 8th. 16% more than Ecuador
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 160
Ranked 58th. 20 times more than United States
8
Ranked 132nd.
Future population > Females per thousand people 458.43
Ranked 172nd.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 13% more than Ecuador
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 114.2
Ranked 155th.
138
Ranked 60th. 21% more than Ecuador

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 128.2
Ranked 161st.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 46% more than Ecuador

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 111.4%
Ranked 150th.
129.9%
Ranked 64th. 17% more than Ecuador

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese 100,000
Ranked 11th.
3.3 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Ecuador
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 14 September 1889 24 September 1880
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 51.11
Ranked 97th. 37% more than United States
37.27
Ranked 155th.
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 52.14
Ranked 83th. 54% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 150th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 37.56
Ranked 76th. 15% more than United States
32.69
Ranked 139th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 100.42
Ranked 94th. 38% more than United States
72.63
Ranked 156th.
Male population > Age 25-29 590,208
Ranked 61st.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 18 times more than Ecuador
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 106.38
Ranked 83th. 53% more than United States
69.51
Ranked 151st.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 49.3
Ranked 95th. 39% more than United States
35.37
Ranked 156th.
Female population > Age 25-29 586,920
Ranked 61st.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 17 times more than Ecuador
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 11.31
Ranked 101st.
21.8
Ranked 36th. 93% more than Ecuador
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 107
Ranked 86th.
108
Ranked 60th. 1% more than Ecuador
Urbanization in 1975 42.4%
Ranked 83th.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 74% more than Ecuador
Female population > Age 40-44 390,097
Ranked 65th.
11.24 million
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Ecuador
Male population > Age 15-19 704,182
Ranked 65th.
11.01 million
Ranked 4th. 16 times more than Ecuador
HIV/AIDS > Deaths 2200 17000
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.13
Ranked 85th.
0.234
Ranked 29th. 80% more than Ecuador
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 300.15
Ranked 144th.
334.85
Ranked 68th. 12% more than Ecuador

Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 47.05
Ranked 89th. 29% more than United States
36.39
Ranked 154th.
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 0.336%
Ranked 79th. 57% more than United States
0.214%
Ranked 87th.
Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 315.89
Ranked 37th.
412.36
Ranked 12th. 31% more than Ecuador

Population growth > Annual % 1.43%
Ranked 91st. 49% more than United States
0.96%
Ranked 122nd.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 4% of population
Ranked 126th.
0.0
Ranked 152nd.

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 82.6%
Ranked 30th. 19% more than United States
69.3%
Ranked 131st.

Total population > Age 10-14 1.47 million
Ranked 66th.
20.54 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Ecuador
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 123,436
Ranked 26th.
264,763
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Ecuador

Rural population growth > Annual % 0.1%
Ranked 117th.
-0.82%
Ranked 160th.

Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 10.21
Ranked 96th. 42% more than United States
7.19
Ranked 176th.
Total population 13.55 million
Ranked 64th.
298.44 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Ecuador
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 4.36 million
Ranked 64th.
101.83 million
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than Ecuador

Population in the largest city > % of urban population 28.73%
Ranked 59th. 4 times more than United States
7.82%
Ranked 112th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 4.38 million
Ranked 64th.
102.16 million
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than Ecuador

Migration > Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees > Country of origin 11,526 (Colombia); note - UNHCR estimates as many as 250,000 Columbians are seeking asylum in Ecuador, many of whom do not register as refugees for fear of deportation the US admitted 62,643 refugees during FY04/05 including; 10,586 (Somalia); 8,549 (Laos); 6,666 (Russia); 6,479 (Cuba); 3,100 (Haiti); 2,136 (Iran)
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 32.39%
Ranked 79th. 56% more than United States
20.77%
Ranked 136th.

Urban population growth > Annual % 2.23%
Ranked 87th. 64% more than United States
1.36%
Ranked 119th.

Female population > Age 50-54 268,826
Ranked 68th.
10.47 million
Ranked 3rd. 39 times more than Ecuador
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.98
Ranked 127th.
3.51
Ranked 31st. 77% more than Ecuador
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.15
Ranked 117th.
2.16
Ranked 45th. 88% more than Ecuador
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 8.69
Ranked 40th. 27% more than United States
6.82
Ranked 187th.
Dynamics > Death rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 5.16
Ranked 157th.
8.09
Ranked 88th. 57% more than Ecuador

Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.01
Ranked 96th. 43% more than United States
3.5
Ranked 178th.
Male population > Age 30-34 501,629
Ranked 62nd.
9.83 million
Ranked 4th. 20 times more than Ecuador
Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 83.95%
Ranked 47th.
97.54%
Ranked 37th. 16% more than Ecuador

Male population > Age 30-34 per 1000 36.41
Ranked 94th. 9% more than United States
33.27
Ranked 146th.
Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 42.6
Ranked 60th. 26% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 155th.
Net migration per million -1,936.45
Ranked 103th.
15,927.93
Ranked 30th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 54th.
17 years
Ranked 11th. 21% more than Ecuador
Drinking water source > Improved > Rural 89% of population
Ranked 102nd.
94% of population
Ranked 79th. 6% more than Ecuador
GDP per capita growth > Annual % 3.46%
Ranked 55th. 71% more than United States
2.02%
Ranked 80th.

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 37,000
Ranked 63th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 32 times more than Ecuador

Health expenditures 7.3% of GDP
Ranked 70th.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Ecuador

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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