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Health Stats: compare key data on Ethiopia & United States

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Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average BMI (combining male and female population), according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate: Percentage of females aged 15-19 who give birth, out of all females the same age in the country.
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Births and maternity > Crude birth rate: Country's crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is the number of live births for every 1,000 people.
  • Births and maternity > Maternal death rate: Number of mothers who died giving birth, out of 100,000 births.
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Births and maternity > Number of births: Total number of live births. A live birth refers to a birth after which the baby shows signs of life, however, if the baby dies after showing signs of life, it is still considered a live birth.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children underweight: Percentage of all children under 5 that are moderately or severely underweight.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only."
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
  • Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5: Stunted children under the age of 5 years as a percentage of all children under the age of 5. Stunted children are too small for their age (by two standard deviations or more from the median height of the reference population at their age). Stunting is frequently associated with malnutrition.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes: People living with HIV, 15-49 years old, percentage.
  • Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles: Percentage of children under 1 year old immunized against measles.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy > 95 percent range: 95% range.
  • Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cardiovascular diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cardiovascular disease rate, but rather how fatal cardiovascular diseases are in each country.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate: Percentage of females older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average female BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population): The number of people that die from injuries out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's injury rate, but rather how fatal injuries are in each country.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • Infant mortality > Female babies: Infant mortality rate for females under 1 year.
  • Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate: The number of people that die from noncommunicable diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's noncommunicable disease rate, but rather how fatal noncommunicable diseases are in each country.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Diseases > Cholera cases: Total number of cholera cases reported in the country.
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average male BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people: Total number of live births. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men): Percentage of males aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people): Dentistry personnel density (per 10 000 population).
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases.
  • Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel: Births attended by skilled health personnel, percentage.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children severely underweight: Percentage of all children under 5 that are severely underweight.
  • Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate: Percentage of live births that are delivered through a cesarean section, more commonly referred to as a c-section.
  • Contraception: % contraceptive prevalence 1995 - 2000. Data refer to married women aged 15-49, but the actual age range covered may vary across countries.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight boys under 5: Prevalence of underweight children.
  • Tobacco > Male smoking rate: Male [%].
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Diseases > Measles cases: Number of reported measles cases.
  • Tobacco > Female smoking rate: Female [%].
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women): Percentage of females aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49: People living with HIV/AIDS, women (age 15-49)
  • Children living with AIDS per 1000: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Future births per million people: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Spending > Public: World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC.
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Infant mortality > Male babies: Infant mortality rate for males under 1 year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Children living with AIDS: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14)
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Caesarian birth rate: Percent of births delivered by caesarean section.
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases: Number of all reported tetanus cases.
  • Diseases > Cholera cases per million people: Total number of cholera cases reported in the country. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: wasting moderate & severe
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Nutrition > Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Male > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure."
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Total
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Expenditure > Total > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (height for age) is the percentage of children under five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. For children up to two years of age, height is measured by recumbent length. For older children, height is measured by stature while standing. The reference population adopted by the WHO in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI: Compares the ratio of male to female BMI by countries, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Diseases > Measles cases per million people: Number of reported measles cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Pregnant women receiving prenatal care: Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy.
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people: Number of all reported tetanus cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total: Health - % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 2002 - Total
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Urban
  • Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe: Health - Nutrition - % of under-fives (1995-2002) suffering from: stunting moderate & severe
  • Diseases > Rubella cases: Number of reported rubella cases. Rubella is commonly called the German Measles.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight girls under 5: Prevalence of underweight children.
  • Diseases > Rubella cases per million people: Number of reported rubella cases. Rubella is commonly called the German Measles. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Percent of births registered: Civil registration coverage of births (%).
  • Life expectancy > 95% range: 95% range.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population with HIV.
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Youth rates are as a percentage of the relevant age group.
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Drinking water availability %: Coverage estimates shown are derived from information collected from two main sources: assessment questionnaires and household surveys. Assessment questionnaires were sent to all WHO country representatives, to be completed in liaison with local UNICEF st
STAT Ethiopia United States HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 39.12 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than United States
14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st.

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 29.8
Ranked 25th. 6% more than United States
28
Ranked 18th.

Births and maternity > Future births 2,660.75
Ranked 11th.
5,124.49
Ranked 4th. 93% more than Ethiopia

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.83%
Ranked 157th.
1.99%
Ranked 33th. 9% more than Ethiopia

Deaths > Percent deaths registered <25 90-100
Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 142
Ranked 63th. 7% more than United States
133
Ranked 86th.
Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.24 per 1,000 people
Ranked 148th.
3.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th. 14 times more than Ethiopia

Infant mortality rate > Total 77.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 16th. 13 times more than United States
6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st.

Life expectancy > Men 58 years
Ranked 57th.
76 years
Ranked 30th. 31% more than Ethiopia
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 56.19 years
Ranked 190th.
78.37 years
Ranked 47th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 63.79
Ranked 156th.
81.1
Ranked 43th. 27% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 60.79
Ranked 153th.
76.3
Ranked 42nd. 26% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 62.25
Ranked 155th.
78.64
Ranked 40th. 26% more than Ethiopia

Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.03 per 1,000 people
Ranked 52nd.
2.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 31st. 77 times more than Ethiopia

Probability of reaching 65 > Male 31.4%
Ranked 147th.
77.4%
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 5.32 births per woman
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than United States
2.05 births per woman
Ranked 117th.

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 21.86 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than United States
3.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.

Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 46.5
Ranked 40th. 8 times more than United States
6
Ranked 151st.

Life expectancy > Women 62 years
Ranked 54th.
81 years
Ranked 33th. 31% more than Ethiopia
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 4.4%
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than United States
0.6%
Ranked 62nd.

Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.2
Ranked 31st.
3.1
Ranked 37th. 16 times more than Ethiopia

Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 20.46
Ranked 169th.
27.82
Ranked 5th. 36% more than Ethiopia
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 1.5 million
Ranked 4th. 25% more than United States
1.2 million
Ranked 8th.

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 87.3 births
Ranked 43th. 75% more than United States
49.83 births
Ranked 83th.

Probability of reaching 65 > Female 35.6%
Ranked 147th.
85.7%
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Deaths > Deaths of infants 160,733
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United States
24,548
Ranked 3rd.

Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 5.6$
Ranked 181st.
6,096.2$
Ranked 1st. 1089 times more than Ethiopia

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $16.61
Ranked 186th.
$8,607.88
Ranked 4th. 518 times more than Ethiopia

Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 79
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than United States
34.2
Ranked 18th.

Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 247
Ranked 29th. 69 times more than United States
3.6
Ranked 196th.

Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 34.5
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than United States
13.5
Ranked 24th.

Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 350 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 31st. 17 times more than United States
21 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 131st.

Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.02
Ranked 44th.
2.67
Ranked 13th. 134 times more than Ethiopia

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 3,049.12
Ranked 96th.
36,945.6
Ranked 65th. 12 times more than Ethiopia

Death rates > Children under 5 104.4
Ranked 28th. 13 times more than United States
7.8
Ranked 139th.

Death rates > Women 297.19
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than United States
81.46
Ranked 121st.

Death rates > Men 338.97
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than United States
141.23
Ranked 129th.

HIV AIDS > Deaths 120,000
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than United States
17,000
Ranked 18th.

Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 310
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than United States
100
Ranked 147th.

Births and maternity > Number of births 2.8 million
Ranked 2nd.
4.13 million
Ranked 1st. 47% more than Ethiopia

Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children underweight 28.7%
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than United States
5.4%
Ranked 12th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 42.65 years
Ranked 170th.
77.71 years
Ranked 34th. 82% more than Ethiopia

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 1.75 per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th. 36 times more than United States
0.048 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15 14.7
Ranked 20th.
72.9
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy > Male 53.8
Ranked 158th.
76
Ranked 34th. 41% more than Ethiopia

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.236
Ranked 134th.
9.81
Ranked 14th. 42 times more than Ethiopia

Access to sanitation 88%
Ranked 56th.
100%
Ranked 6th. 14% more than Ethiopia
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 279.69 billion
Ranked 56th.
11.51 trillion
Ranked 21st. 41 times more than Ethiopia

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 20.84
Ranked 24th. 5 times more than United States
3.91
Ranked 61st.

Death rates > Infants 67.1
Ranked 33th. 10 times more than United States
6.8
Ranked 139th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 58.81 years
Ranked 187th.
80.93 years
Ranked 52nd. 38% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy > Female 56.66
Ranked 155th.
81
Ranked 34th. 43% more than Ethiopia

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 148th.
52
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Spending > Per person 4
Ranked 133th.
4,271
Ranked 1st. 1068 times more than Ethiopia
Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5 50.7%
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than United States
3.9%
Ranked 16th.

Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes 1.4%
Ranked 36th. Twice as much as United States
0.7%
Ranked 56th.

Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 57%
Ranked 185th.
90%
Ranked 119th. 58% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth > Male 53.64 years
Ranked 193th.
75.92 years
Ranked 44th. 42% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 43.43 years
Ranked 170th.
80.67 years
Ranked 35th. 86% more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy > 95 percent range (60.50-64.10) (80.50-80.60)
Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 384
Ranked 80th. 2 times more than United States
179
Ranked 162nd.
Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate 0.0
Ranked 17th.
33%
Ranked 3rd.
Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.24
Ranked 36th.
9.81
Ranked 3rd. 41 times more than Ethiopia

Health spending per capita 9.18
Ranked 178th.
7,284.7
Ranked 4th. 794 times more than Ethiopia

Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 27.6%
Ranked 35th.
99%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 19.94
Ranked 167th.
27
Ranked 10th. 35% more than Ethiopia
Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 41.91 years
Ranked 172nd.
74.89 years
Ranked 36th. 79% more than Ethiopia

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 179
Ranked 31st. 90 times more than United States
2
Ranked 165th.
Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 105
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than United States
50
Ranked 122nd.
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 1.67
Ranked 26th. 30 times more than United States
0.0554
Ranked 59th.

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 48.32
Ranked 146th.
83.35
Ranked 27th. 72% more than Ethiopia

Drug access 50%
Ranked 136th.
95%
Ranked 15th. 90% more than Ethiopia
Infant mortality > Female babies 88.3 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 22nd. 13 times more than United States
6.8 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 155th.

Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 817
Ranked 50th. 82% more than United States
450
Ranked 156th.
Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people 1,998.15
Ranked 2nd. 25 times more than United States
79.36
Ranked 33th.

Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 53.72
Ranked 151st.
88.79
Ranked 42nd. 65% more than Ethiopia

Diseases > Cholera cases 24,121
Ranked 2nd. 3446 times more than United States
7
Ranked 41st.
Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $29.69
Ranked 171st.
$7,289.82
Ranked 1st. 246 times more than Ethiopia

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 20.97
Ranked 170th.
28.64
Ranked 6th. 37% more than Ethiopia
Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 33.02
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than United States
13.46
Ranked 23th.

Intestinal diseases death rate 35.86%
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than United States
7.35%
Ranked 84th.
Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 343.9 per 100,000 people
Ranked 22nd. 76 times more than United States
4.53 per 100,000 people
Ranked 193th.

Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men) 0.7%
Ranked 20th.
33.2%
Ranked 4th. 47 times more than Ethiopia
Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.404
Ranked 145th.
0.863
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Deaths > Deaths of infant boys 88,362
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than United States
13,698
Ranked 2nd.

Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people 1,098.47
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than United States
44.28
Ranked 24th.

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 284
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than United States
80
Ranked 145th.

Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) <1 16
Smoking rate > Women 0.5
Ranked 130th.
19
Ranked 47th. 38 times more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 38,040
Ranked 14th. 8 times more than United States
4,864
Ranked 54th.
Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 10%
Ranked 18th.
99%
Ranked 16th. 10 times more than Ethiopia

Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children severely underweight 8.8%
Ranked 4th. 44 times more than United States
0.2%
Ranked 5th.
Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate 2%
Ranked 126th.
31%
Ranked 13th. 16 times more than Ethiopia

Contraception 8%
Ranked 84th.
76%
Ranked 8th. 10 times more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases 62
Ranked 14th.
0.0
Ranked 99th.
Infant mortality rate > Female 65.88 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 19th. 12 times more than United States
5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st.

Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight boys under 5 48%
Ranked 1st. 24 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 14th.

Tobacco > Male smoking rate 7.6
Ranked 128th.
26.3
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Legal
Deaths > Deaths of infant girls 72,371
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United States
10,850
Ranked 2nd.

Diseases > Measles cases 1,446
Ranked 17th. 48 times more than United States
30
Ranked 69th.
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Tobacco > Female smoking rate 0.9
Ranked 125th.
21.5
Ranked 43th. 24 times more than Ethiopia
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 470
Ranked 29th. 20 times more than United States
24
Ranked 116th.

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 284
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than United States
80
Ranked 145th.

Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 472.89
Ranked 42nd. 29 times more than United States
16.15
Ranked 162nd.
Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women) 0.7%
Ranked 20th.
33.2%
Ranked 4th. 47 times more than Ethiopia
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 40
Ranked 140th.
2,100
Ranked 47th. 53 times more than Ethiopia
HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 6.41
Ranked 19th. 11 times more than United States
0.61
Ranked 54th.
Children living with AIDS per 1000 3.19
Ranked 19th. 93 times more than United States
0.0345
Ranked 61st.
Births and maternity > Future births per million people 34.1
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than United States
13.79
Ranked 135th.

Spending > Public 1.2% (1999) 5.7% (1999)
Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 47.47%
Ranked 148th.
86.96%
Ranked 50th. 83% more than Ethiopia

Infant mortality > Male babies 102.3 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 23th. 15 times more than United States
6.8 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 163th.

Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Legal Legal
Children living with AIDS 230,000
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than United States
10,000
Ranked 34th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 284
Ranked 40th. 4 times more than United States
80
Ranked 145th.

Caesarian birth rate 1%
Ranked 18th.
23%
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than Ethiopia
Respiratory disease child death rate 221.53 (est) 40.43 (est)
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Illegal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Illegal Legal
Diseases > Total tetanus cases 62
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than United States
20
Ranked 42nd.
Diseases > Cholera cases per million people 299.86
Ranked 12th. 12904 times more than United States
0.0232
Ranked 48th.
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people 0.771
Ranked 38th.
0.0
Ranked 98th.
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 171 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 21 times more than United States
8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 152nd.
Spending > Private 2.4%
Ranked 61st.
7.1%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Private health spending > % of GDP 1.59%
Ranked 128th.
8.54%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Public health spending > % of government spending 10.23%
Ranked 105th.
19.45%
Ranked 6th. 90% more than Ethiopia

Infant mortality rate > Male 88.03 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 11th. 13 times more than United States
6.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 20.3%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
7.8%
Ranked 12th.

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe 11
Ranked 30th. 11 times more than United States
1
Ranked 122nd.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Legal Legal
Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 3.32%
Ranked 175th.
9.35%
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 41%
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than United States
5%
Ranked 116th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 29%
Ranked 164th.
100%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 38%
Ranked 166th.
99%
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 98%
Ranked 96th.
100%
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 53.5%
Ranked 26th. 41 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 10th.
Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 33.94%
Ranked 156th.
86.57%
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 63.9%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than United States
19.8%
Ranked 137th.

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 2.57%
Ranked 78th.
8.52%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Ethiopia

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 6.4
Ranked 18th. 11 times more than United States
0.6
Ranked 55th.
Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 33.76%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than United States
11.29%
Ranked 169th.

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 1.97%
Ranked 120th.
9.65%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Nutrition > Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 50.7%
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than United States
3.9%
Ranked 16th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Male > % ages 15-24 0.5%
Ranked 57th.
0.7%
Ranked 39th. 40% more than Ethiopia
Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 80.61%
Ranked 102nd. 4 times more than United States
22.59%
Ranked 179th.

Health spending > % of GDP 3.79%
Ranked 154th.
15.68%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Ethiopia

% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 12
Ranked 143th.
100
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than Ethiopia
Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people 899.68
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than United States
35.08
Ranked 24th.

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 0.3%
Ranked 42nd.
19.2%
Ranked 13th. 64 times more than Ethiopia

Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 5.3%
Ranked 116th.
15.4%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 46.5%
Ranked 1st. 42 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 17th.

Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 7%
Ranked 163th.
100%
Ranked 10th. 14 times more than Ethiopia

Reproductive health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 5.7%
Ranked 57th.
99.3%
Ranked 17th. 17 times more than Ethiopia

Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 44%
Ranked 162nd.
100%
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI 1.05
Ranked 82nd.
1.06
Ranked 76th. 1% more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Measles cases per million people 17.98
Ranked 36th. 180 times more than United States
0.0996
Ranked 112th.
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 8.66%
Ranked 66th. 17% more than United States
7.38%
Ranked 93th.
Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 2.73%
Ranked 115th.
6.88%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 5.7%
Ranked 16th.
99%
Ranked 8th. 17 times more than Ethiopia

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 13%
Ranked 165th.
100%
Ranked 11th. 8 times more than Ethiopia

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 79.34%
Ranked 95th. 31% more than United States
60.73%
Ranked 153th.

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 27.6%
Ranked 12th.
99%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 84.02%
Ranked 58th.
85.5%
Ranked 43th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 12%
Ranked 161st.
100%
Ranked 13th. 8 times more than Ethiopia

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 43.87%
Ranked 10th.
0.0
Ranked 147th.

Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 57.41%
Ranked 38th. 9 times more than United States
6.05%
Ranked 149th.
Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 30.6%
Ranked 67th. 5 times more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 131st.

Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 5.1%
Ranked 15th.
8%
Ranked 9th. 57% more than Ethiopia

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 56
Ranked 165th.
94
Ranked 75th. 68% more than Ethiopia
Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people 0.771
Ranked 67th. 12 times more than United States
0.0664
Ranked 116th.
Public health spending > % of total health spending 58.09%
Ranked 99th. 28% more than United States
45.54%
Ranked 139th.

% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 18
Ranked 117th.
56
Ranked 101st. 3 times more than Ethiopia
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 33
Ranked 139th.
100
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 52
Ranked 4th. 26 times more than United States
2
Ranked 130th.
Diseases > Rubella cases 187
Ranked 26th. 17 times more than United States
11
Ranked 70th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight girls under 5 46%
Ranked 3rd. 46 times more than United States
1%
Ranked 14th.

Diseases > Rubella cases per million people 2.32
Ranked 63th. 64 times more than United States
0.0365
Ranked 103th.
Births and maternity > Percent of births registered 7 >90
Life expectancy > 95% range (60.50-64.10) (80.50-80.60)
Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 61%
Ranked 183th.
95%
Ranked 85th. 56% more than Ethiopia

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 66%
Ranked 180th.
92%
Ranked 107th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 1.4%
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than United States
0.6%
Ranked 69th.

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 14.7%
Ranked 9th.
64.2%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 59%
Ranked 173th.
93%
Ranked 83th. 58% more than Ethiopia

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 64%
Ranked 150th.
87%
Ranked 42nd. 36% more than Ethiopia

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 14.64%
Ranked 53th.
19.8%
Ranked 12th. 35% more than Ethiopia

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 2.69%
Ranked 130th.
8.2%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 81%
Ranked 152nd.
100%
Ranked 21st. 23% more than Ethiopia

Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 11%
Ranked 174th.
100%
Ranked 14th. 9 times more than Ethiopia

Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 69%
Ranked 168th.
96%
Ranked 58th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 79%
Ranked 148th.
95%
Ranked 76th. 20% more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 75%
Ranked 150th.
92%
Ranked 92nd. 23% more than Ethiopia

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 8%
Ranked 153th.
99%
Ranked 32nd. 12 times more than Ethiopia

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 59.55%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than United States
20.91%
Ranked 125th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24 1.5%
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than United States
0.3%
Ranked 65th.
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 370
Ranked 21st. 78 times more than United States
4.76
Ranked 179th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 2.1%
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than United States
0.6%
Ranked 65th.

Public health spending > % of GDP 2.2%
Ranked 133th.
7.14%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Drinking water availability % 24%
Ranked 146th.
100%
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

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