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People Stats: compare key data on Ethiopia & United States

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 60 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 60, there are 196 females who are over 60.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total: Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Structure > Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the percentage of a country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Total population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males: People - Women - Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2002
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Skilled attendant at delivery %: People - Women - Skilled attendant at delivery (%) 1995-2002
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1, male (% of official school-age population). Net intake rate. Primary. Male is the number of new male entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of the official primary school-entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of the same age.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Ethiopia United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 43.06 years
Ranked 131st.
44.38 years
Ranked 117th. 3% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 16.51%
Ranked 69th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 40.2 million
Ranked 11th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 92% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.55%
Ranked 67th. 3% more than United States
11.22%
Ranked 80th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 28.12 million
Ranked 11th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 84% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 64.54%
Ranked 133th.
76.73%
Ranked 93th. 19% more than Ethiopia

Birth rate 38.07 births/1,000 population
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than United States
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th.

Death rate 8.87 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 70th. 6% more than United States
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th.

Ethnic groups Oromo 34.5%, Amara 26.9%, Somalie 6.2%, Tigraway 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Guragie 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Affar 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 123.17 million
Ranked 9th.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 88% more than Ethiopia

Mother's mean age at first birth 19.6
Ranked 33th.
25
Ranked 5th. 28% more than Ethiopia
Population 93.88 million
Ranked 13th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.03
Ranked 70th.
0.122
Ranked 53th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Population growth 0.03%
Ranked 70th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Population growth rate 2.9%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United States
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 28.79%
Ranked 130th.
32.24%
Ranked 107th. 12% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 147.94 million
Ranked 9th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 77% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 13.15 million
Ranked 11th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 94% more than Ethiopia

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 1.1%
Ranked 189th.
33%
Ranked 16th. 30 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 54.69%
Ranked 67th. 7% more than United States
51.06%
Ranked 99th.

Population in 2015 97,155 thousand
Ranked 12th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 8.13
Ranked 86th. 1% more than United States
8.07
Ranked 88th.

Total fertility rate 5.31 children born/woman
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than United States
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 22.71%
Ranked 130th.
26.71%
Ranked 104th. 18% more than Ethiopia

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.9
Ranked 20th. 84% more than United States
0.49
Ranked 133th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 44.4%
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.

Gender > Male population 120.25 million
Ranked 9th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 92% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 70.09 million
Ranked 8th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 60.78%
Ranked 64th. 7% more than United States
56.58%
Ranked 104th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 2.8%
Ranked 208th.
13.9%
Ranked 51st. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Nationality > Noun Ethiopian(s) American(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 37.37%
Ranked 130th.
47.21%
Ranked 101st. 26% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.4%
Ranked 69th.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Physicians density 0.03 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 50th.
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th. 81 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 55.28 million
Ranked 9th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 133.13 million
Ranked 9th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 77% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 17.35 million
Ranked 8th.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban population 31,018
Ranked 212th.
84,460
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Nationality > Adjective Ethiopian American
Sex ratio > Total population 0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 116th. 2% more than United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 11.11%
Ranked 69th.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Ethiopia

Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 212th.
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 7.13%
Ranked 134th.
11.18%
Ranked 93th. 57% more than Ethiopia

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.04
Ranked 152nd.
1.05
Ranked 132nd. 1% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 27.05 million
Ranked 11th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 91% more than Ethiopia

Migration > Net migration rate 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 19.6
Ranked 39th.
25
Ranked 5th. 28% more than Ethiopia
Future population change 73,946.8
Ranked 30th.
563,170
Ranked 12th. 8 times more than Ethiopia

Urban population 11.4 million
Ranked 45th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 21 times more than Ethiopia

Urbanization in 2015 22%
Ranked 157th.
81%
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -4,777.984 per 1 million people
Ranked 112th.
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th.

Median age > Total 17.5 years
Ranked 214th.
37.2 years
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 60 years
Ranked 191st.
78.62 years
Ranked 50th. 31% more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural > Urban population 13.22 million
Ranked 21st.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Ethiopia

Projected population growth 164.22%
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than United States
45.31%
Ranked 78th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 21.2
Ranked 22nd.
26.9
Ranked 5th. 27% more than Ethiopia
Age structure > 15-64 years 52.6%
Ranked 216th.
66.5%
Ranked 101st. 26% more than Ethiopia

Literacy > Total population 39%
Ranked 210th.
99%
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 79.2%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 138th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 25.7
Ranked 22nd.
28.8
Ranked 6th. 12% more than Ethiopia
Gender > Women aged 15-49 50.65 million
Ranked 10th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 77% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.17%
Ranked 98th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 9% more than Ethiopia

Housing > Average people per household 4.7
Ranked 2nd. 81% more than United States
2.6
Ranked 1st.
Percentage living in urban areas 16%
Ranked 194th.
80%
Ranked 42nd. 5 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > Net migration -340,460
Ranked 161st.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd.

Population > CIA Factbook 82.54 million
Ranked 15th.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Teenage pregancy rate 101.62
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than United States
34.96
Ranked 99th.

Population density 80.71
Ranked 96th. 2 times more than United States
33.22
Ranked 145th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female
Ranked 219th.
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th. 4% more than Ethiopia

Percentage living in rural areas. 84%
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than United States
20%
Ranked 156th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 58.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 29th. 10 times more than United States
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 29.1%
Ranked 215th.
40.2%
Ranked 117th. 38% more than Ethiopia
Urban and rural > Rural population 66 million
Ranked 4th. 11% more than United States
59.49 million
Ranked 5th.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.62
Ranked 118th.
0.739
Ranked 23th. 19% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 15-24 years 19.9%
Ranked 63th. 45% more than United States
13.7%
Ranked 169th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 160.07
Ranked 81st.
805.79
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Rural population 59.86 million
Ranked 8th. 5% more than United States
56.91 million
Ranked 9th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 62,889
Ranked 22nd. 27 times more than United States
2,368
Ranked 68th.

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 26.55 million
Ranked 110th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 1820 times more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 4.77
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than United States
1.89
Ranked 134th.

Age structure > 55-64 years 3.9%
Ranked 200th.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 121st. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 499.79
Ranked 116th.
513.11
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Ethiopia

Future population > Males 68.35 million
Ranked 9th.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 9 years
Ranked 169th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 89% more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 34.09
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.96
Ranked 182nd.
1
Ranked 105th. 4% more than Ethiopia

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 0.209
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 85.5%
Ranked 20th. 70% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 119th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 89.39 sq. km
Ranked 100th. 3 times more than United States
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 522.66
Ranked 176th.
677.3
Ranked 56th. 30% more than Ethiopia

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 44% of population
Ranked 153th.
99% of population
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 201.73
Ranked 49th. 42% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 30.8%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 14th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 62.35 years
Ranked 189th.
81.17 years
Ranked 53th. 30% more than Ethiopia

Hospital bed density 6.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 28.6%
Ranked 15th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Contraceptive prevalence rate 28.6%
Ranked 5th.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 15.8
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than United States
4.8
Ranked 158th.
Births > Teen motherhood rate 14%
Ranked 3rd. 75% more than United States
8%
Ranked 4th.

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 798.78
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United States
192.33
Ranked 67th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 4th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
Urbanization 16
Ranked 198th.
77
Ranked 44th. 5 times more than Ethiopia
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 6.3%
Ranked 139th.
21%
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.83 male(s)/female
Ranked 88th. 8% more than United States
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 46.5
Ranked 41st. 8 times more than United States
6
Ranked 149th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 51.21
Ranked 144th.
186.84
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 121,886
Ranked 20th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 26.3%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
8%
Ranked 16th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 444.28
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than United States
200.26
Ranked 139th.

Population in largest city 2.89 million
Ranked 46th.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Ethiopia

Population, total 91.73 million
Ranked 14th.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 111th.
103.3%
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Ethiopia

Literacy > Female 28.9%
Ranked 8th.
99%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > Background War and famine in surrounding nations have ensured that Ethiopia has had to deal with a high influx of <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_ref-immigration-refugees">refugees</a>&nbsp;and immigrants. Between 1990 and 1999, the country accepted an estimated 284,930 refugees, the 15th highest number globally. Of that figure, 67,000 <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_ref_and_int_dis_per_ref_cou_of_ori-internally-displaced-persons-country-origin">refugees originated</a>&nbsp;from Sudan, 16,500 from Somalia and 13,000 from Eritrea, though a <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_net_mig_rat_a_not-immigration-net-migration-rate-note">program of repatriation</a>&nbsp;has meant many of these refugees have since returned. The good news for Ethiopians is that, with 6,353 <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_us_vis_lot_win-immigration-us-visa-lottery-winners">US Visa lottery winners</a>, Ethiopia the 3rd highest number of winners in the world. Formerly known as the New World, immigration has long been a major aspect of US life. Indeed, it has the largest <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_imm_pop_num_of_imm-immigration-immigrant-population-number-immigrants">immigrant population</a> on earth, with 38 million people arriving in the country from abroad. However, the US also has the highest <a href="http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/imm_new_cit-immigration-new-citizenships">number of new citizenships</a> in the world. In 2000, some 898,000 immigrants became US citizens - 4 times that of the 2nd-placed nation, Canada.
Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 1.01 per 1,000 people
Ranked 64th. 10% more than United States
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 57.73 years
Ranked 192nd.
76.19 years
Ranked 48th. 32% more than Ethiopia

Net migration -60,001
Ranked 140th.
5 million
Ranked 1st.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 6%
Ranked 1st. 43% more than United States
4.2%
Ranked 5th.

Maternal mortality rate 350 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 33th. 17 times more than United States
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Female rural population 32.88 million
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than United States
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.999
Ranked 95th.
0.999
Ranked 94th. The same as Ethiopia

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 81% of population
Ranked 30th. 81 times more than United States
1% of population
Ranked 153th.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.562
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United States
0.271
Ranked 78th.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 80.7
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than United States
32.73
Ranked 105th.

Languages Oromo (official regional) 33.8%, Amharic (official) 29.3%, Somali 6.2%, Tigrayan (official regional) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Guragiegna 2%, Afar 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, other 11.7%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 504.51
Ranked 176th.
622.34
Ranked 81st. 23% more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 158.9
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than United States
66.08
Ranked 135th.

Rural population per 1000 785.84
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than United States
192.58
Ranked 157th.

Future population > Females 68.7 million
Ranked 9th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 9,000
Ranked 7th. 10 times more than United States
880
Ranked 45th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 24.9%
Ranked 36th. 44% more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 71st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 9 years
Ranked 169th.
17 years
Ranked 7th. 89% more than Ethiopia
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 4.34
Ranked 148th.
36.67
Ranked 30th. 8 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 23.1
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United States
2.8
Ranked 13th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 29.4%
Ranked 3rd. 87% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 43th.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 500.21
Ranked 74th. 1% more than United States
496.34
Ranked 103th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 319
Ranked 55th.
3.16 million
Ranked 3rd. 9916 times more than Ethiopia
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 5%
Ranked 3rd.
18%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Children under the age of 5 years underweight 29.2%
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 20.5 years
Ranked 24th.
26.3 years
Ranked 8th. 28% more than Ethiopia
Education expenditures 4.7% of GDP
Ranked 24th.
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 15% more than Ethiopia

Number of infant deaths 140,000
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than United States
25,000
Ranked 39th.

Number of under-five deaths 205,000
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than United States
29,000
Ranked 43th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $453.57
Ranked 174th.
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th. 114 times more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 1.9e-07
Ranked 217th.
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th. 39% more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 14.33 million
Ranked 40th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 18 times more than Ethiopia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 33.06
Ranked 146th.
131.88
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 274
Ranked 113th.
1,200
Ranked 79th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 49.73 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 33th. 10 times more than United States
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 51.4%
Ranked 209th.
67.1%
Ranked 75th. 31% more than Ethiopia

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 1
Ranked 112th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 41 times more than Ethiopia
Gender ratio > Babies 98.3%
Ranked 23th. 3% more than United States
95.2%
Ranked 116th.

Urban population per 1000 149.68
Ranked 184th.
810.44
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural > Female urban population 6.65 million
Ranked 17th.
127.55 million
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Ethiopia

Urban and rural > Male rural population 33.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 6.58 million
Ranked 17th.
121.7 million
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Ethiopia

Median age > Both sexes 16.8
Ranked 217th.
36.9
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 18.92 million
Ranked 10th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 65% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 947,323
Ranked 36th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 17 times more than Ethiopia

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population ADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.863 million New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 8 years
Ranked 182nd.
16 years
Ranked 22nd. Twice as much as Ethiopia

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.041 per capita
Ranked 115th.
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th. 54% more than Ethiopia

Literacy > Male 49.1%
Ranked 202nd.
99%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Infant mortality rate > Male 66.58 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 23th. 10 times more than United States
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 1
Ranked 75th.
21
Ranked 2nd. 21 times more than Ethiopia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 19.5%
Ranked 48th. 4% more than United States
18.7%
Ranked 52nd.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 21% of population
Ranked 143th.
100% of population
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 3% of population
Ranked 89th.
0.0
Ranked 140th.
Number of infant deaths per 1000 1.53
Ranked 39th. 19 times more than United States
0.0796
Ranked 117th.

Total Population per capita 0.982
Ranked 141st.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 3% more than Ethiopia
Gender ratio > Urban population 101.1%
Ranked 42nd.
105.2%
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 229.03
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than United States
102.79
Ranked 142nd.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 2.7%
Ranked 198th.
12.7%
Ranked 49th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 6th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 65th.
4%
Ranked 6th. 13 times more than Ethiopia
Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 140.7
Ranked 133th.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 116.2
Ranked 130th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Ethiopia

Religions Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 66% of population
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than United States
6% of population
Ranked 116th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.16 per capita
Ranked 186th.
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 268.42
Ranked 49th. 99% more than United States
134.94
Ranked 138th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.76
Ranked 26th. 55% more than United States
0.491
Ranked 78th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 12.23
Ranked 6th. 24 times more than United States
0.51
Ranked 124th.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 2.89 million
Ranked 53th.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 44 times more than Ethiopia

Gender development 0.313
Ranked 137th.
0.937
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 28.6%
Ranked 15th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 0.2%
Ranked 20th.
11.8%
Ranked 5th. 59 times more than Ethiopia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 10 years
Ranked 170th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 60% more than Ethiopia
Median age > Male 17.3 years
Ranked 212th.
35.9 years
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than Ethiopia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 8 years
Ranked 59th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 2.5
Ranked 7th. 67% more than United States
1.5
Ranked 3rd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 8 years
Ranked 59th.
18 years
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 68.5 million
Ranked 8th. 24% more than United States
55.26 million
Ranked 10th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 99.2
Ranked 28th. About the same as United States
99
Ranked 37th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 101.1
Ranked 42nd.
105.2
Ranked 27th. 4% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.25 million
Ranked 36th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 18 times more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 46%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
20.1%
Ranked 157th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 262.12
Ranked 172nd.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 28% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 15.15
Ranked 178th.
73.75
Ranked 44th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Female population > Age 15-19 4.17 million
Ranked 13th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Median age > Female 17.6 years
Ranked 216th.
38.5 years
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than Ethiopia

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 1,364.76
Ranked 114th.
9,044
Ranked 51st. 7 times more than Ethiopia

Cities > Rate of urbanization 4.3%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 137th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 29% of population
Ranked 185th.
100% of population
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Ethiopia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 773.86 per 1 million people
Ranked 45th. 110 times more than United States
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 228.71
Ranked 164th.
241.41
Ranked 133th. 6% more than Ethiopia

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 74.2
Ranked 40th. 10 times more than United States
7.8
Ranked 149th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa on arrival Visa Waiver Program
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes Cite error: There are &lt;ref&gt; tags on this page, but the references will not show without a &#123;&#123;reflist&#125;&#125; template (see the help page ). Generally 18, but varies by state. Most states allow minors to marry with judicial and/or parental consent. Main article: Age of marriage in United States of America
Future population > Males per thousand people 511.86
Ranked 44th. 2% more than United States
501
Ranked 73th.
International migrant stock, total 547,984
Ranked 61st.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 78 times more than Ethiopia

International migrant stock, total per 1000 6.29
Ranked 178th.
138.41
Ranked 46th. 22 times more than Ethiopia

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 850
Ranked 22nd. 50 times more than United States
17
Ranked 135th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 1,000
Ranked 67th.
8.3 million
Ranked 1st. 8300 times more than Ethiopia
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 67
Ranked 148th.
2,400
Ranked 49th. 36 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0106
Ranked 116th. 6 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 7,096
Ranked 29th.
8,424
Ranked 25th. 19% more than Ethiopia
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 148th.
52
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 1.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
0.4%
Ranked 13th.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 19.02 million
Ranked 10th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 57% more than Ethiopia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 11.47
Ranked 183th.
53.48
Ranked 43th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 19,715
Ranked 58th.
250,535
Ranked 7th. 13 times more than Ethiopia
Total Population > Female 37.48 million
Ranked 16th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 554,021
Ranked 60th.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 71 times more than Ethiopia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 25.8 years
Ranked 15th.
28.6 years
Ranked 8th. 11% more than Ethiopia
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 870
Ranked 9th. 109 times more than United States
8
Ranked 132nd.
Future population > Females per thousand people 516.5
Ranked 56th. The same as United States
516.35
Ranked 57th.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 119.6
Ranked 136th.
138
Ranked 60th. 15% more than Ethiopia

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 116.2%
Ranked 130th.
129.9%
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Ethiopia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 140.7
Ranked 133th.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 54.83
Ranked 73th. 47% more than United States
37.27
Ranked 155th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 54.71
Ranked 64th. 55% more than United States
35.37
Ranked 156th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 29.9
Ranked 164th.
32.69
Ranked 139th. 9% more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 109.54
Ranked 66th. 51% more than United States
72.63
Ranked 156th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 125.44
Ranked 50th. 80% more than United States
69.51
Ranked 151st.
Female population > Age 25-29 2.85 million
Ranked 17th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 25-29 2.92 million
Ranked 17th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 62.7
Ranked 41st. 85% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 150th.
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 60 116.2
Ranked 130th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population > % of total 16.1%
Ranked 190th.
80.8%
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Urban population growth > Annual % 4.33%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than United States
1.33%
Ranked 131st.

Structure > Population ages 65 and above > % of total 3.18%
Ranked 146th.
12.78%
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Structure > Population > Female > % of total 50.25%
Ranked 105th.
50.66%
Ranked 71st. 1% more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million > % of total population 3.46%
Ranked 103th.
44.64%
Ranked 9th. 13 times more than Ethiopia

Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.68
Ranked 179th.
4.52
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 7.89
Ranked 158th.
21.8
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 102
Ranked 162nd.
108
Ranked 60th. 6% more than Ethiopia
Urbanization in 1975 9.5%
Ranked 155th.
73.7%
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 40-44 1.57 million
Ranked 27th.
11.24 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 15-19 4.18 million
Ranked 14th.
11.01 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS > Deaths 67000 17000
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.0107
Ranked 137th.
0.234
Ranked 29th. 22 times more than Ethiopia
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 251.13
Ranked 187th.
334.85
Ranked 68th. 33% more than Ethiopia

Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 45.45
Ranked 100th. 25% more than United States
36.39
Ranked 154th.
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 3.26%
Ranked 21st. 15 times more than United States
0.214%
Ranked 87th.
Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 80.49
Ranked 72nd.
412.36
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Ethiopia

Population growth > Annual % 1.83%
Ranked 64th. 91% more than United States
0.96%
Ranked 122nd.

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Urban 71% of population
Ranked 12th.
0.0
Ranked 152nd.

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 89.4%
Ranked 10th. 29% more than United States
69.3%
Ranked 131st.

Total population > Age 10-14 9.55 million
Ranked 11th.
20.54 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Ethiopia
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 288,844
Ranked 11th. 9% more than United States
264,763
Ranked 12th.

Rural population growth > Annual % 1.57%
Ranked 43th.
-0.82%
Ranked 160th.

Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 11.16
Ranked 47th. 55% more than United States
7.19
Ranked 176th.
Total population 74.78 million
Ranked 16th.
298.44 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.16
Ranked 183th.
3.12
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 65-69 476,223
Ranked 33th.
5.54 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.11
Ranked 185th.
3.29
Ranked 160th. 6% more than Ethiopia
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.041 per capita
Ranked 106th.
0.433 per capita
Ranked 12th. 11 times more than Ethiopia

Female population > Age 70-74 323,139
Ranked 34th.
4.7 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Ethiopia
Female population > Age 60-64 654,771
Ranked 30th.
7.06 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Ethiopia
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 6
Ranked 172nd.
99
Ranked 40th. 17 times more than Ethiopia
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 1.21
Ranked 180th.
7.24
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than Ethiopia
Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 19.98%
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than United States
7.67%
Ranked 109th.

GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $253.07
Ranked 177th.
$45,335.90
Ranked 10th. 179 times more than Ethiopia

Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population 98.57%
Ranked 1st. 29% more than United States
76.13%
Ranked 24th.

Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 50.9%
Ranked 66th.
98.1%
Ranked 49th. 93% more than Ethiopia

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 50.54%
Ranked 69th.
97.56%
Ranked 49th. 93% more than Ethiopia

Labor participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15+ 78.2%
Ranked 13th. 38% more than United States
56.8%
Ranked 66th.

Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 37.4
Ranked 123th. 10% more than United States
33.92
Ranked 155th.
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.79
Ranked 51st. 65 times more than United States
0.0121
Ranked 157th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 9 years
Ranked 180th.
15 years
Ranked 32nd. 67% more than Ethiopia

Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population 82.7%
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than United States
18%
Ranked 160th.

GNI per capita growth > Annual % 5.7%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than United States
1.66%
Ranked 61st.

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 980,000
Ranked 9th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 22% more than Ethiopia

Health expenditures 4.7% of GDP
Ranked 133th.
17.9% of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Ethiopia

Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 7.77
Ranked 181st.
28.83
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Ethiopia
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 49.07
Ranked 177th.
71.16
Ranked 79th. 45% more than Ethiopia

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