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Education Stats: compare key data on Finland & South Africa

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public education funding for all levels that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school enrolment rate > Female: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Progression to secondary school: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school enrolment rate > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females: Number of female entrants in the last grade of primary education (regardless of age) expressed as a percentage of the female population at entrance age to the last grade.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Pupils reaching grade 5: Pupils reaching grade 5 is the percentage of children who start primary school and eventually reach grade 5.
  • Progression to secondary level: Progression to secondary level is the number of new entrants to the first grade of general secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • Grade 1 intake rate: Total number of new entrants in first grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population at the official primary school-entrance age
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Total is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Total enrollment, primary, male > % net: Total enrollment, primary, male (% net). Adjusted net enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group.
  • Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education (% of total). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organisation, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise."
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
STAT Finland South Africa HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 10
Ranked 9th. 64% more than South Africa
6.1
Ranked 50th.
Children out of school, primary 6,055
Ranked 80th.
656,487
Ranked 6th. 108 times more than Finland

Children out of school, primary per 1000 1.12
Ranked 86th.
12.82
Ranked 23th. 11 times more than Finland

Children out of school, primary, female 2,896
Ranked 72nd.
320,723
Ranked 9th. 111 times more than Finland

College and university > Gender parity index 1.23
Ranked 41st. 35% more than South Africa
0.913
Ranked 48th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 31.85%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than South Africa
11.88%
Ranked 91st.

Compulsary education duration 10
Ranked 75th. 11% more than South Africa
9
Ranked 56th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 6.84%
Ranked 17th. 15% more than South Africa
5.96%
Ranked 28th.

High school enrolment rate 99.99
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than South Africa
93.52
Ranked 57th.

Literacy > Total population 100%
Ranked 2nd. 16% more than South Africa
86.4%
Ranked 92nd.
Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 129th.
7
Ranked 11th. 17% more than Finland

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.69
Ranked 64th. 1% more than South Africa
4.64
Ranked 34th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 13.67
Ranked 101st.
29.5
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Finland

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 9.5
Ranked 85th.
25.05
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Finland

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 150th. 20% more than South Africa
5
Ranked 175th.

Literacy > Female 100%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than South Africa
85.7%
Ranked 82nd.
Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.537
Ranked 81st.
6.27
Ranked 22nd. 12 times more than Finland

College and university > Gender ratio 124.02
Ranked 45th. 36% more than South Africa
91.28
Ranked 50th.

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than South Africa
1
Ranked 195th.

Duration of compulsory education 10 years
Ranked 59th. 11% more than South Africa
9 years
Ranked 73th.
Secondary education, pupils 422,872
Ranked 79th.
4.84 million
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Finland

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 56th. 3% more than South Africa
0.96
Ranked 119th.

School life expectancy > Total 16.7 years
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than South Africa
14.1 years
Ranked 27th.
Primary education, pupils 345,615
Ranked 92nd.
7 million
Ranked 6th. 20 times more than Finland

Primary education, teachers 25,281
Ranked 72nd.
237,429
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than Finland

Tertiary enrollment 70.4%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than South Africa
15.2%
Ranked 60th.
High school > Gender ratio 104.88
Ranked 29th. About the same as South Africa
104.66
Ranked 34th.

Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 25th. The same as South Africa
7
Ranked 5th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 1.76
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than South Africa
0.508
Ranked 85th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 124th. The same as South Africa
3
Ranked 68th.

Literacy > Male 100%
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than South Africa
87%
Ranked 94th.
Spending > USD 15.41 billion
Ranked 25th. 12% more than South Africa
13.74 billion
Ranked 27th.

High school > Private school share 9.36%
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than South Africa
4.11%
Ranked 47th.

Spending > Proportion 5.64
Ranked 31st. 10% more than South Africa
5.14
Ranked 45th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 15.96
Ranked 112th.
35.64
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Finland

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 182nd.
6
Ranked 1st. Twice as much as Finland

High school repeaters > Male 0.41
Ranked 83th.
14.64
Ranked 17th. 36 times more than Finland

Preschool enrollment rate 97.29
Ranked 105th.
104.54
Ranked 77th. 7% more than Finland

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 7,550.79
Ranked 88th. 20% more than South Africa
6,268.93
Ranked 99th.

Primary completion rate 100
Ranked 30th. 1% more than South Africa
99
Ranked 42nd.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 291,664
Ranked 50th.
675,160
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Finland

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 136th.
7
Ranked 12th. 17% more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary 1,957
Ranked 98th.
568,936
Ranked 17th. 291 times more than Finland

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 8.26
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than South Africa
3.79
Ranked 79th.

Secondary education, teachers 44,493
Ranked 42nd.
187,162
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Finland

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 10.77
Ranked 95th.
23.51
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Finland

High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 172nd. 50% more than South Africa
2
Ranked 192nd.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.586
Ranked 82nd.
6.56
Ranked 21st. 11 times more than Finland

Spending per student > High school 30.89
Ranked 10th. 93% more than South Africa
16
Ranked 18th.

Secondary education, general pupils 288,779
Ranked 89th.
4.6 million
Ranked 4th. 16 times more than Finland

High school > Gender parity index 1.05
Ranked 28th.
1.05
Ranked 33th. About the same as Finland

Scientific and technical journal articles 5,202
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than South Africa
2,364
Ranked 34th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 56.08
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than South Africa
14.83
Ranked 83th.

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 37th. The same as South Africa
7
Ranked 14th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.8%
Ranked 52nd.
17.9%
Ranked 18th. 40% more than Finland

Children out of school, primary, male 3,159
Ranked 71st.
335,764
Ranked 5th. 106 times more than Finland

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 6.6%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than South Africa
5.5%
Ranked 17th.

High school > Students per teacher 9.5
Ranked 86th.
25.05
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Finland

Secondary education > General pupils 305,970
Ranked 94th.
4.32 million
Ranked 17th. 14 times more than Finland

Spending per student > Elementary school 17.53
Ranked 31st. 28% more than South Africa
13.69
Ranked 20th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 31st.
14
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than Finland

High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 30th.
14
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than Finland

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 74th. 3% more than South Africa
4.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 77th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 392,741
Ranked 109th.
7.47 million
Ranked 15th. 19 times more than Finland

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 100%
Ranked 2nd. 45% more than South Africa
68.9%
Ranked 57th.

Elementary school graduate rate 99.8
Ranked 3rd. 30% more than South Africa
76.98
Ranked 66th.

Schools connected to the Internet 99%
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than South Africa
26.5%
Ranked 24th.
Public spending per student > Primary level 17.3
Ranked 25th. 24% more than South Africa
14
Ranked 35th.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 64.14
Ranked 114th.
136.83
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Finland

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 78.48
Ranked 75th.
94.63
Ranked 20th. 21% more than Finland

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.21
Ranked 44th.
1.22
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Finland

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.05
Ranked 40th.
1.07
Ranked 28th. 2% more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 56.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than South Africa
14.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.4
Ranked 97th. 11 times more than South Africa
0.124
Ranked 195th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 133th. 20% more than South Africa
5
Ranked 155th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 10.03
Ranked 79th.
29.02
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 0.374
Ranked 109th.
12.19
Ranked 33th. 33 times more than Finland

Inequality adjusted index 0.859
Ranked 14th. 54% more than South Africa
0.558
Ranked 67th.
High school repeaters > Female 0.25
Ranked 86th.
13.73
Ranked 18th. 55 times more than Finland

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 14.39
Ranked 100th.
30.98
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Finland

Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 47.32%
Ranked 34th.
66.9%
Ranked 7th. 41% more than Finland

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 99.5%
Ranked 7th. 29% more than South Africa
77%
Ranked 66th.

Elementary school > Enrolled students 357,403
Ranked 89th.
7.31 million
Ranked 15th. 20 times more than Finland

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 126th.
7 years
Ranked 10th. 17% more than Finland

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $21,079.50
Ranked 15th. 6 times more than South Africa
$3,430.12
Ranked 31st.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 98.93
Ranked 82nd.
107.68
Ranked 49th. 9% more than Finland

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 53.59
Ranked 111th.
89.81
Ranked 18th. 68% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 1.6%
Ranked 118th.
3.71%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than Finland

High school > Lower secondary starting age 13
Ranked 31st.
14
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than Finland

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.09
Ranked 53th. 3% more than South Africa
96.37
Ranked 110th.

High school enrolment rate > Female 100
Ranked 6th. 6% more than South Africa
94.06
Ranked 49th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 98%
Ranked 35th. 7% more than South Africa
92%
Ranked 82nd.

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 127th. 20% more than South Africa
5
Ranked 149th.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 39.7
Ranked 41st.
61.3
Ranked 25th. 54% more than Finland
Secondary education > Pupils 425,966
Ranked 76th.
4.59 million
Ranked 17th. 11 times more than Finland

Primary education > Pupils 387,934
Ranked 103th.
7.44 million
Ranked 13th. 19 times more than Finland

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 100%
Ranked 2nd. 39% more than South Africa
72.2%
Ranked 59th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 95.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th. About the same as South Africa
95.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 53.49%
Ranked 57th.
53.68%
Ranked 56th. About the same as Finland

Secondary education, vocational pupils 134,093
Ranked 47th.
246,515
Ranked 11th. 84% more than Finland

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 64.23%
Ranked 65th.
72.38%
Ranked 39th. 13% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 13.67
Ranked 103th.
29.5
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Finland

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 17 years
Ranked 8th. 31% more than South Africa
13 years
Ranked 4th.
School enrolment rate > 5th grade 99.7
Ranked 4th. 21% more than South Africa
82.45
Ranked 46th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 496,834
Ranked 81st.
4.31 million
Ranked 23th. 9 times more than Finland

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 997.89
Ranked 4th. 19 times more than South Africa
51.26
Ranked 48th.

Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 119th.
7
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Finland
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 14,007
Ranked 65th.
503,390
Ranked 14th. 36 times more than Finland

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 102.22%
Ranked 21st. 3% more than South Africa
99.56%
Ranked 70th.

Public spending per student > Secondary level 25.5
Ranked 22nd. 42% more than South Africa
17.9
Ranked 42nd.
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.83%
Ranked 44th.
48.92%
Ranked 32nd. About the same as Finland

Progression to secondary school 99.88%
Ranked 4th. 11% more than South Africa
89.72%
Ranked 61st.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 0.374 per 1,000 people
Ranked 110th.
12.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 34th. 33 times more than Finland

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 98%
Ranked 33th. 5% more than South Africa
93%
Ranked 77th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 53th. The same as South Africa
16
Ranked 25th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 38th. The same as South Africa
7
Ranked 15th.

Elementary school repeaters > All 0.41
Ranked 99th.
7.96
Ranked 40th. 19 times more than Finland

School life expectancy > Male 16.2 years
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than South Africa
14.1 years
Ranked 25th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 58.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th.
93.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th. 59% more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.076 per capita
Ranked 131st.
0.165 per capita
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 75.52
Ranked 133th.
163.96
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Finland

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 98%
Ranked 36th. 8% more than South Africa
91%
Ranked 88th.

Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 15.5
Ranked 114th.
33.5
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Finland
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 79%
Ranked 41st. 3% more than South Africa
77%
Ranked 6th.
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 119,996
Ranked 50th.
275,589
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Finland

Primary education > Teachers 24,313
Ranked 79th.
208,877
Ranked 20th. 9 times more than Finland

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 51.43%
Ranked 27th.
51.87%
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Finland

Private school enrolment > Primary level 1.2
Ranked 80th.
1.7
Ranked 75th. 42% more than Finland
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 117th.
7
Ranked 10th. 17% more than Finland

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 4.65
Ranked 72nd. 4% more than South Africa
4.48
Ranked 77th.

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 81.48
Ranked 72nd.
98.44
Ranked 40th. 21% more than Finland

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.194 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th.
5.35 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th. 28 times more than Finland

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.8%
Ranked 41st. About the same as South Africa
48.6%
Ranked 55th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $113.06 billion
Ranked 26th.
$175.59 billion
Ranked 12th. 55% more than Finland

Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 37th. The same as South Africa
7
Ranked 13th.

Scouting > Members 43,811
Ranked 30th.
69,316
Ranked 22nd. 58% more than Finland
Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 65.06%
Ranked 74th.
82.89%
Ranked 42nd. 27% more than Finland

High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 51.89%
Ranked 41st.
94.96%
Ranked 2nd. 83% more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 55.91%
Ranked 40th.
78.64%
Ranked 21st. 41% more than Finland

High school > Share of total education spending 42.45%
Ranked 24th. 35% more than South Africa
31.45%
Ranked 63th.

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 94.6%
Ranked 3rd. 65% more than South Africa
57.2%
Ranked 61st.
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 304,729
Ranked 81st.
4.55 million
Ranked 17th. 15 times more than Finland

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 58.52
Ranked 110th.
92.53
Ranked 37th. 58% more than Finland

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.21
Ranked 56th. 3% more than South Africa
96.47
Ranked 104th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 943
Ranked 93th.
320,779
Ranked 16th. 340 times more than Finland

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.993
Ranked 44th. 4% more than South Africa
0.958
Ranked 123th.

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 51.4%
Ranked 23th.
52.4%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than Finland
Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 0.0
Ranked 60th.
3,645
Ranked 6th.

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 5.8
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than South Africa
2.4
Ranked 78th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 95.53
Ranked 56th. 1% more than South Africa
94.7
Ranked 61st.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 8.09
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than South Africa
1.35
Ranked 77th.
Primary completion rate > Women 99
Ranked 36th. The same as South Africa
99
Ranked 42nd.

School life expectancy > Female 17.2 years
Ranked 2nd. 22% more than South Africa
14.1 years
Ranked 29th.
Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.53
Ranked 96th.
8.39
Ranked 42nd. 16 times more than Finland

Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.28
Ranked 99th.
7.51
Ranked 39th. 27 times more than Finland

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 99%
Ranked 13th. 32% more than South Africa
75%
Ranked 60th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.18 per 1,000 people
Ranked 104th.
6.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 38 times more than Finland

Elementary school teachers 24,830
Ranked 73th.
236,032
Ranked 19th. 10 times more than Finland

High school teachers 42,991
Ranked 41st.
164,697
Ranked 25th. 4 times more than Finland

High school enrolment rate > Male 99.99
Ranked 12th. 8% more than South Africa
93.01
Ranked 50th.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 430,596
Ranked 72nd.
4.59 million
Ranked 18th. 11 times more than Finland

Primary completion rate > Men 100
Ranked 29th. 1% more than South Africa
99
Ranked 37th.

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 81.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th.
99.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 38th. 22% more than Finland

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 74.2
Ranked 130th.
159.52
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Finland

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 104.87
Ranked 39th.
107.48
Ranked 22nd. 2% more than Finland

Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females None
None

Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 12.2
Ranked 97th.
29.5
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Finland
Pupils reaching grade 5 100.1
Ranked 7th. 55% more than South Africa
64.5
Ranked 65th.
Progression to secondary level 100
Ranked 4th. 8% more than South Africa
92.2
Ranked 18th.
Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 96.92%
Ranked 6th. 31% more than South Africa
74.04%
Ranked 59th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 84.52%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than South Africa
15.73%
Ranked 44th.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.23% net
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than South Africa
87.2% net
Ranked 86th.

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 67.86%
Ranked 46th.
69.02%
Ranked 20th. 2% more than Finland

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 45.9%
Ranked 43th.
77%
Ranked 1st. 68% more than Finland

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 6.84%
Ranked 17th. 15% more than South Africa
5.96%
Ranked 29th.

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 43.1%
Ranked 26th.
75.8%
Ranked 2nd. 76% more than Finland

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 44.8%
Ranked 45th.
84%
Ranked 2nd. 88% more than Finland

Education spending > % of GDP 6.4%
Ranked 24th. 21% more than South Africa
5.3%
Ranked 46th.
Grade 1 intake rate 93.5
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than South Africa
37.5
Ranked 55th.
School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 58.69% gross
Ranked 66th. 57% more than South Africa
37.46% gross
Ranked 89th.

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 119.92
Ranked 54th. About the same as South Africa
119.79
Ranked 55th.

Secondary education > Pupils > % female 50.04% female
Ranked 32nd.
51.53% female
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Finland

Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group 99.57%
Ranked 40th. 1% more than South Africa
98.66%
Ranked 45th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 6.79%
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than South Africa
2.84%
Ranked 95th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 81.56% gross
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Africa
14.25% gross
Ranked 75th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 94.44%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than South Africa
15.04%
Ranked 55th.

Participation > School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 104.83%
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than South Africa
14.36%
Ranked 48th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > % net 96.19%
Ranked 46th. 4% more than South Africa
92.8%
Ranked 78th.

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % net 96%
Ranked 5th. 38% more than South Africa
69.68%
Ranked 62nd.

Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort 99.9%
Ranked 6th. 22% more than South Africa
81.58%
Ranked 42nd.

Primary education, pupils > % female 48.7%
Ranked 57th. About the same as South Africa
48.51%
Ranked 40th.

School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 99.08%
Ranked 95th. About the same as South Africa
98.85%
Ranked 53th.

Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 97.42%
Ranked 49th.
98.51%
Ranked 46th. 1% more than Finland

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group 100.98%
Ranked 70th. 6% more than South Africa
95.34%
Ranked 56th.

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 51.7%
Ranked 19th. About the same as South Africa
51.46%
Ranked 14th.

Total enrollment, primary, male > % net 98.22%
Ranked 21st. 9% more than South Africa
90.29%
Ranked 34th.

Labor force with primary education, female > % of female labor force 12.5%
Ranked 37th.
14.3%
Ranked 63th. 14% more than Finland

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 38.2%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than South Africa
16.5%
Ranked 61st.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment > % 104.5%
Ranked 28th. 1% more than South Africa
103.18%
Ranked 19th.

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment > % 99.3%
Ranked 56th. 5% more than South Africa
94.78%
Ranked 54th.

Participation > School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 65.32%
Ranked 58th. 28% more than South Africa
51.13%
Ranked 79th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > % net 96.05%
Ranked 31st. 10% more than South Africa
87.47%
Ranked 91st.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 97.72%
Ranked 107th.
106.46%
Ranked 70th. 9% more than Finland

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 96.12%
Ranked 33th. 10% more than South Africa
87.38%
Ranked 91st.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Private > % of total primary 1.38%
Ranked 106th.
2.47%
Ranked 106th. 79% more than Finland

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 1.6%
Ranked 116th.
3.71%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than Finland

Adjusted savings > Education expenditure > % of GNI 6.04% of GNI
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than South Africa
5.29% of GNI
Ranked 44th.

Public spending on education > Total > % of GDP 6.53%
Ranked 23th. 21% more than South Africa
5.39%
Ranked 16th.

Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment 35.8%
Ranked 10th.
50.2%
Ranked 10th. 40% more than Finland

Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment 46.3%
Ranked 24th. 13% more than South Africa
41%
Ranked 37th.

Expenditure per student > Primary > % of GDP per capita 18.72%
Ranked 29th. 32% more than South Africa
14.16%
Ranked 17th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Male > % gross 106.89% gross
Ranked 14th. 19% more than South Africa
90.06% gross
Ranked 59th.

Expenditure per student > Tertiary > % of GDP per capita 37.38%
Ranked 27th.
49.62%
Ranked 17th. 33% more than Finland

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Women 100%
Ranked 2nd. 26% more than South Africa
79.1%
Ranked 55th.

School enrollment > Primary > % net 99.32% net
Ranked 5th. 14% more than South Africa
87.07% net
Ranked 91st.

School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 109.43% gross
Ranked 11th. 17% more than South Africa
93.41% gross
Ranked 51st.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 48.06%
Ranked 43th. 5% more than South Africa
45.69%
Ranked 21st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 17 years
Ranked 6th. 31% more than South Africa
13 years
Ranked 4th.
School enrollment, primary > % gross 99.43%
Ranked 102nd.
101.59%
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Finland

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 112.09% gross
Ranked 8th. 16% more than South Africa
96.8% gross
Ranked 40th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 98.16%
Ranked 13th. 15% more than South Africa
85.63%
Ranked 37th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 99.37%
Ranked 5th. 26% more than South Africa
79.13%
Ranked 57th.

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 100.55% gross
Ranked 100th.
104.07% gross
Ranked 74th. 4% more than Finland

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a91, Gross intake ratio to last grade of primary; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Human Development Programme; World Bank; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

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