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Education Stats: compare key data on Germany & Sweden

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • International Baccalaureate schools: Number of schools of any level teaching the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO).
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Class size > Age 13: The average number of 13-year-old students per class.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 11: Intended hours of instruction per year for 11 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 12: Intended hours of instruction per year for 12 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school enrolment rate > Female: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Spending per secondary school student: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 10: Intended hours of instruction per year for 10 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Spending per primary school student: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 9: Intended hours of instruction per year for 9 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 13: Intended hours of instruction per year for 14 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13: The average number of years of teaching experience, for teachers of students aged 13.
  • Homeschooling prevalance: Prevalence of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • High school enrolment rate > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Students from households with study desk > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one study desk.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills: Intended instruction time spent studying vocational skills, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Students from households with calculator > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households containing at least one calculator.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 30-39: Percentage of primary teachers who are aged 30-39. Data for 1999.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Library employees per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 13: The percentage of 13-year-old students who come from a household with a dictionary.
  • Students living with mother > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students whose mothers have at least secondary education.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Female teachers > Lower secondary: Percentage share of lower secondary level teachers at who are female. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Female: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Public spending on public institutions: Percentage share of total public education expenditure which is spent directly on public educational institutions. Data for 1999.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D (per million people). Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male: Percentage of adult males who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 50-59: Percentage of primary teachers aged 50-59. Data for 1999.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Primary teacher age > Proportion under 30: Percentage of primary teachers who are less than 30 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Primary teacher age > Proportion under 30 per million: Percentage of primary teachers who are less than 30 years of age. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment: Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Male is the number of male students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all male students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of male repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total male enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Expected duration of education for females: Expected years of schooling for a female 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion: Intended instruction time spent studying religion, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
STAT Germany Sweden HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 10.2
Ranked 8th.
11.4
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Germany
Children out of school, primary 7,230
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Sweden
3,027
Ranked 93th.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.0884
Ranked 114th.
0.32
Ranked 108th. 4 times more than Germany

Children out of school, primary, female 16,194
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Sweden
2,155
Ranked 76th.

College and university > Gender parity index 0.885
Ranked 47th.
1.52
Ranked 16th. 72% more than Germany

Compulsary education duration 13
Ranked 4th. 30% more than Sweden
10
Ranked 52nd.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.08%
Ranked 54th.
6.98%
Ranked 12th. 38% more than Germany

High school enrolment rate 98.86
Ranked 25th.
99.91
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Germany

Homeschooling legal status Illegal, public or approved private education is mandatory with the only exception being where continued school attendance would create undue hardship for an individual child. Illegal, as of June 2010; supposedly allowed under special circumstances such as student health reasons or family travel, but virtually never approved. Officials often ignore legally permitted appeals.
Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 15th. The same as Sweden
99%
Ranked 19th.
Primary education, duration > Years 4
Ranked 181st.
6
Ranked 52nd. 50% more than Germany

Primary education, teachers per 1000 3.09
Ranked 109th.
6.61
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Germany

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 11.82
Ranked 113th. 28% more than Sweden
9.27
Ranked 125th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 12.88
Ranked 62nd. 35% more than Sweden
9.51
Ranked 84th.

Secondary education, duration > Years 9
Ranked 1st. 50% more than Sweden
6
Ranked 101st.

College and university > Share of total education spending 27.16%
Ranked 21st.
29.02%
Ranked 14th. 7% more than Germany

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 12th. The same as Sweden
99%
Ranked 16th.
Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.196
Ranked 104th.
0.228
Ranked 93th. 16% more than Germany

College and university > Gender ratio 88.74
Ranked 44th.
159.23
Ranked 15th. 79% more than Germany

Child care (preschool) > Duration 3
Ranked 28th.
4
Ranked 12th. 33% more than Germany

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 7.24 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.
8.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th. 16% more than Germany

Duration of compulsory education 13 years
Ranked 1st. 30% more than Sweden
10 years
Ranked 41st.
Secondary education, pupils 7.53 million
Ranked 10th. 11 times more than Sweden
698,968
Ranked 62nd.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1
Ranked 20th. The same as Sweden
1
Ranked 26th.

School life expectancy > Total 15.3 years
Ranked 12th.
16 years
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Germany
Primary education, teachers 252,845
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Sweden
62,429
Ranked 42nd.

Primary education, pupils 2.99 million
Ranked 36th. 5 times more than Sweden
578,486
Ranked 77th.

Tertiary enrollment 46.3%
Ranked 4th.
70%
Ranked 2nd. 51% more than Germany
High school > Gender ratio 97.54
Ranked 74th.
99.24
Ranked 62nd. 2% more than Germany

Compulsary education starting age 6
Ranked 38th.
7
Ranked 12th. 17% more than Germany

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.157
Ranked 92nd.
1.01
Ranked 70th. 6 times more than Germany

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 53th. The same as Sweden
3
Ranked 72nd.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 23th. The same as Sweden
99%
Ranked 27th.
Spending > USD 157.95 billion
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Sweden
31.41 billion
Ranked 17th.

High school > Private school share 8.76%
Ranked 81st.
19.39%
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Germany

Spending > Proportion 4.28
Ranked 79th.
6.41
Ranked 17th. 50% more than Germany

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 14.19
Ranked 121st. 40% more than Sweden
10.11
Ranked 143th.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 73th. The same as Sweden
3
Ranked 102nd.

High school repeaters > Male 3.19
Ranked 56th.
0.0
Ranked 94th.

Preschool enrollment rate 104.77
Ranked 65th. 10% more than Sweden
94.9
Ranked 110th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 113,236.01
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Sweden
16,287.14
Ranked 50th.

Primary completion rate 94
Ranked 52nd.
96
Ranked 22nd. 2% more than Germany
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 2.33 million
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Sweden
414,657
Ranked 40th.

Teachers as percentage of labor force 3.9%
Ranked 19th.
4.2%
Ranked 16th. 8% more than Germany
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 497
Ranked 17th. The same as Sweden
497
Ranked 18th.
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 4
Ranked 191st.
6
Ranked 58th. 50% more than Germany

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 7.15
Ranked 36th.
7.78
Ranked 28th. 9% more than Germany

Secondary education, teachers 584,535
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than Sweden
73,492
Ranked 33th.

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 10.2
Ranked 99th. 3% more than Sweden
9.88
Ranked 114th.

Mathematical literacy 490
Ranked 19th.
510
Ranked 14th. 4% more than Germany
High school > Lower secondary school duration 6
Ranked 1st. Twice as much as Sweden
3
Ranked 104th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.298
Ranked 102nd. 3 times more than Sweden
0.0923
Ranked 101st.

Scientific literacy 487
Ranked 20th.
512
Ranked 10th. 5% more than Germany
Spending per student > High school 20.66
Ranked 38th.
31.19
Ranked 9th. 51% more than Germany

Secondary education, general pupils 6.07 million
Ranked 12th. 13 times more than Sweden
472,309
Ranked 70th.

Reading literacy 484
Ranked 21st.
516
Ranked 9th. 7% more than Germany
High school > Gender parity index 0.947
Ranked 110th.
0.989
Ranked 57th. 4% more than Germany

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 497
Ranked 17th. The same as Sweden
497
Ranked 18th.
Scientific and technical journal articles 44,305
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Sweden
10,237
Ranked 15th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 501
Ranked 17th.
505
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Germany
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 39%
Ranked 19th.
43%
Ranked 30th. 10% more than Germany
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 4.1%
Ranked 72nd. 17% more than Sweden
3.51%
Ranked 76th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 28.3
Ranked 55th.
46.46
Ranked 19th. 64% more than Germany

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6
Ranked 50th.
7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than Germany

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 9.8%
Ranked 68th.
12.9%
Ranked 51st. 32% more than Germany

International Baccalaureate schools 59
Ranked 10th. 44% more than Sweden
41
Ranked 15th.
Children out of school, primary, male 24,606
Ranked 48th. 28 times more than Sweden
872
Ranked 90th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 4.6%
Ranked 58th.
7.3%
Ranked 9th. 59% more than Germany

High school > Students per teacher 12.88
Ranked 64th. 35% more than Sweden
9.51
Ranked 85th.

Secondary education > General pupils 6.59 million
Ranked 12th. 13 times more than Sweden
519,183
Ranked 64th.

Spending per student > Elementary school 16.08
Ranked 40th.
25.44
Ranked 8th. 58% more than Germany

Secondary school starting age > Years 10
Ranked 186th.
13
Ranked 15th. 30% more than Germany

High school starting age > Years 10
Ranked 162nd.
13
Ranked 15th. 30% more than Germany

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 2.82 per 1,000 people
Ranked 125th.
7.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Germany

Educational attainment > Tertiary 23%
Ranked 15th.
32%
Ranked 5th. 39% more than Germany
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 3.3 million
Ranked 35th. 4 times more than Sweden
774,888
Ranked 83th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 96.2%
Ranked 11th. 14% more than Sweden
84.4%
Ranked 31st.

Elementary school graduate rate 95.63
Ranked 31st.
99.93
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Germany

Schools connected to the Internet 99%
Ranked 8th. The same as Sweden
99%
Ranked 10th.
Public spending per student > Primary level 17.8
Ranked 22nd.
23.5
Ranked 9th. 32% more than Germany
Secondary education, pupils per 1000 92.04
Ranked 43th. 24% more than Sweden
73.97
Ranked 94th.

Primary education, pupils per 1000 36.55
Ranked 152nd.
61.22
Ranked 120th. 67% more than Germany

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.03
Ranked 60th.
1.55
Ranked 13th. 50% more than Germany

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.98
Ranked 80th.
1
Ranked 64th. 2% more than Germany

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 28.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th.
46.47 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th. 64% more than Germany

Student attitude > Dislike of school 25%
Ranked 14th. 25% more than Sweden
20%
Ranked 16th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.38
Ranked 98th.
1.72
Ranked 89th. 25% more than Germany

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 9
Ranked 1st. 50% more than Sweden
6
Ranked 85th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 13.24
Ranked 55th. 37% more than Sweden
9.68
Ranked 84th.

Inequality adjusted index 0.927
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Sweden
0.878
Ranked 13th.
High school repeaters > Female 2.26
Ranked 57th.
0.0
Ranked 95th.

Class size > Age 13 15.9 students
Ranked 21st. 17% more than Sweden
13.6 students
Ranked 25th.
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 13.5
Ranked 103th. 41% more than Sweden
9.55
Ranked 124th.

Hours of instruction for pupils aged 11 862 hours
Ranked 19th. 16% more than Sweden
741 hours
Ranked 34th.
Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 99.2%
Ranked 12th.
99.8%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Germany

Elementary school > Enrolled students 3.24 million
Ranked 34th. 6 times more than Sweden
584,726
Ranked 73th.

Primary education > Duration > Years 4 years
Ranked 170th.
6 years
Ranked 53th. 50% more than Germany

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $23,804.70
Ranked 11th.
$27,094.66
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Germany

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 99.13
Ranked 79th.
103.26
Ranked 55th. 4% more than Germany

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 74.21
Ranked 58th. 48% more than Sweden
49.98
Ranked 123th.

Hours of instruction for pupils aged 12 874 hours
Ranked 26th. 18% more than Sweden
741 hours
Ranked 37th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 501
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Sweden
494
Ranked 21st.
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 4.34%
Ranked 98th.
10.15%
Ranked 70th. 2 times more than Germany

High school > Lower secondary starting age 10
Ranked 193th.
13
Ranked 16th. 30% more than Germany

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.62
Ranked 37th. About the same as Sweden
99.32
Ranked 46th.

High school enrolment rate > Female 98.61
Ranked 27th.
99.82
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Germany

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 96%
Ranked 50th. The same as Sweden
96%
Ranked 52nd.

Duration of education > Secondary level 9
Ranked 1st. 50% more than Sweden
6
Ranked 80th.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 42.5
Ranked 38th.
53.5
Ranked 28th. 26% more than Germany
Secondary education > Pupils 8.38 million
Ranked 9th. 12 times more than Sweden
711,798
Ranked 58th.

Primary education > Pupils 3.31 million
Ranked 36th. 5 times more than Sweden
690,758
Ranked 83th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 96.9%
Ranked 12th. 13% more than Sweden
85.5%
Ranked 33th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 102.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd.
102.87 per 1,000 people
Ranked 41st. About the same as Germany

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 49%
Ranked 81st.
59.59%
Ranked 21st. 22% more than Germany

Secondary education, vocational pupils 1.46 million
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Sweden
226,659
Ranked 34th.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 78.06%
Ranked 35th. 17% more than Sweden
66.89%
Ranked 60th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 11.82
Ranked 115th. 28% more than Sweden
9.27
Ranked 127th.

Secondary education > Teachers 597,681.1
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Sweden
75,243
Ranked 43th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 16 years
Ranked 11th. The same as Sweden
16 years
Ranked 14th.
Spending per secondary school student $6,209.00 per student
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Sweden
$5,648.00 per student
Ranked 11th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 8.45 million
Ranked 12th. 9 times more than Sweden
917,978
Ranked 61st.

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 536.81
Ranked 17th.
1,142.75
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Germany

Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 497
Ranked 20th.
498
Ranked 19th. About the same as Germany
Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 496
Ranked 19th.
499
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Germany
Duration of education > Primary level 4
Ranked 150th.
6
Ranked 50th. 50% more than Germany
Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 41.7%
Ranked 12th. 66% more than Sweden
25.1%
Ranked 17th.
Expected duration of education for all students 17.2 years
Ranked 11th.
20.2 years
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than Germany
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 4,196
Ranked 97th.
33,098
Ranked 52nd. 8 times more than Germany

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 98.14%
Ranked 77th.
99.28%
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Germany

Public spending per student > Secondary level 20.5
Ranked 32nd.
28.3
Ranked 16th. 38% more than Germany
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.6%
Ranked 70th.
49.36%
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Germany

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 491
Ranked 25th.
502
Ranked 14th. 2% more than Germany
Educational attainment > Senior secondary 59%
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than Sweden
49%
Ranked 7th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 96%
Ranked 47th. The same as Sweden
96%
Ranked 50th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 17th. The same as Sweden
16
Ranked 29th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 49th.
7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than Germany

Student attitude > Find school boring 49%
Ranked 12th.
58%
Ranked 6th. 18% more than Germany
Elementary school repeaters > All 1.27
Ranked 82nd.
0.0
Ranked 115th.

School life expectancy > Male 15.5 years
Ranked 9th. 3% more than Sweden
15.1 years
Ranked 14th.
Universities > Top 200 9
Ranked 7th. 80% more than Sweden
5
Ranked 11th.
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 18.9%
Ranked 10th.
35.5%
Ranked 1st. 88% more than Germany
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 79.87 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th. 38% more than Sweden
57.74 per 1,000 people
Ranked 113th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 40.05
Ranked 166th.
86.82
Ranked 117th. 2 times more than Germany

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.04 per capita
Ranked 162nd.
0.087 per capita
Ranked 117th. 2 times more than Germany

Primary teacher salary > Starting $29,697.00
Ranked 2nd. 60% more than Sweden
$18,581.00
Ranked 16th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 96%
Ranked 44th. The same as Sweden
96%
Ranked 48th.

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 2.53%
Ranked 10th.
3.63%
Ranked 1st. 43% more than Germany
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million 0.0466%
Ranked 15th.
0.745%
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Germany
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 14.8
Ranked 117th. 30% more than Sweden
11.4
Ranked 129th.
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 86%
Ranked 9th. 5% more than Sweden
82%
Ranked 37th.
Primary education > Teachers 232,936.5
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Sweden
68,325
Ranked 43th.

Secondary education > Vocational pupils 1.79 million
Ranked 5th. 9 times more than Sweden
192,615
Ranked 39th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.25%
Ranked 106th.
52.87%
Ranked 10th. 10% more than Germany

Students from households with computer > Age 13 69%
Ranked 5th. 19% more than Sweden
58%
Ranked 12th.
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 106 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 26th.
115.52 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 20th. 9% more than Germany
Private school enrolment > Primary level 2.4
Ranked 64th.
3.9
Ranked 60th. 63% more than Germany
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 4
Ranked 157th.
6
Ranked 48th. 50% more than Germany

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 58.3%
Ranked 6th.
74.9%
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Germany
Library employees 2,190
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Sweden
284
Ranked 23th.
Educational attainment > Junior secondary 17%
Ranked 15th.
19%
Ranked 12th. 12% more than Germany
Hours of instruction for pupils aged 10 774 hours
Ranked 25th. 4% more than Sweden
741 hours
Ranked 31st.
Primary education > Teachers per 1000 2.82
Ranked 126th.
7.6
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Germany

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 101.58
Ranked 33th. 28% more than Sweden
79.15
Ranked 75th.

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.5%
Ranked 66th.
49.3%
Ranked 16th. 2% more than Germany
Student attitude > Report class disorder 22%
Ranked 14th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 73% more than Germany
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge 3.82%
Ranked 9th.
6.93%
Ranked 1st. 82% more than Germany
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $1.95 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Sweden
$254.10 billion
Ranked 16th.

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.109
Ranked 19th.
0.554
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Germany
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology 4 x
Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 50th.
7
Ranked 18th. 17% more than Germany

Scouting > Members 112,503
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Sweden
43,729
Ranked 31st.
Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 82.97%
Ranked 41st. 20% more than Sweden
69.38%
Ranked 71st.

High school > Share of total education spending 45.55%
Ranked 13th. 28% more than Sweden
35.59%
Ranked 49th.

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 87.7%
Ranked 4th.
96.1%
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Germany
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 6.17 million
Ranked 11th. 12 times more than Sweden
531,393
Ranked 59th.

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.78
Ranked 32nd.
99.79
Ranked 31st. The same as Germany

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 7.24
Ranked 39th.
8.37
Ranked 26th. 16% more than Germany

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 79.87
Ranked 57th. 38% more than Sweden
57.73
Ranked 113th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.995
Ranked 57th.
0.996
Ranked 35th. The same as Germany

Spending per primary school student $3,531.00 per student
Ranked 13th.
$5,579.00 per student
Ranked 7th. 58% more than Germany
Hours of instruction for pupils aged 9 752 hours
Ranked 27th. 1% more than Sweden
741 hours
Ranked 29th.
Hours of instruction for pupils aged 13 918 hours
Ranked 23th. 24% more than Sweden
741 hours
Ranked 35th.
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 48.4%
Ranked 82nd.
54.4%
Ranked 4th. 12% more than Germany
Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 15,897
Ranked 4th. 35 times more than Sweden
457
Ranked 14th.

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 7.2
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Sweden
2.7
Ranked 75th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 102.4
Ranked 44th.
102.86
Ranked 43th. About the same as Germany

Scouting > Members per thousand people 1.37
Ranked 75th.
4.6
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Germany
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 22.66%
Ranked 13th.
25.21%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Germany
Primary completion rate > Women 94
Ranked 52nd.
96
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Germany
Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 10%
Ranked 24th.
12%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than Germany
School life expectancy > Female 15.2 years
Ranked 17th.
17 years
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Germany
Elementary school repeaters > Male 1.34
Ranked 82nd.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 1.2
Ranked 80th.
0.0
Ranked 111th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 98.7%
Ranked 14th.
99.6%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Germany

Elementary school teachers 239,761
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Sweden
61,220
Ranked 45th.

High school teachers 597,269
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than Sweden
78,978
Ranked 31st.

Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $36,046.00
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than Sweden
$24,364.00
Ranked 15th.
Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million 0.836%
Ranked 22nd.
6.5%
Ranked 11th. 8 times more than Germany
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 74%
Ranked 18th.
87%
Ranked 6th. 18% more than Germany
Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13 43.5 years experience
Ranked 3rd. 66% more than Sweden
26.2 years experience
Ranked 12th.
Homeschooling prevalance 400 200 families—half legally
Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 39.5%
Ranked 4th. About the same as Sweden
39.4%
Ranked 5th.
High school enrolment rate > Male 99.1
Ranked 23th.
100
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Germany

Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 98%
Ranked 11th. The same as Sweden
98%
Ranked 13th.
Students from households with study desk > Age 13 92%
Ranked 15th.
98%
Ranked 1st. 7% more than Germany
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 15%
Ranked 22nd.
23%
Ranked 18th. 53% more than Germany
Primary completion rate > Men 94
Ranked 46th.
96
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Germany
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 8.27 million
Ranked 8th. 11 times more than Sweden
735,494
Ranked 54th.

Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills 1 n
Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.003 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 24th.
0.014 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Germany
Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 101.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 34th. 28% more than Sweden
79.16 per 1,000 people
Ranked 76th.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 98.32
Ranked 92nd.
103.84
Ranked 45th. 6% more than Germany

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 40.06
Ranked 163th.
76.81
Ranked 126th. 92% more than Germany

Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 15.4
Ranked 75th. 1% more than Sweden
15.3
Ranked 77th.
Students from households with calculator > Age 13 98%
Ranked 2nd. The same as Sweden
98%
Ranked 6th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females 46%
Ranked 27th.
60%
Ranked 6th. 30% more than Germany
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.0309%
Ranked 22nd.
0.39%
Ranked 5th. 13 times more than Germany
Young longtext readers 26.3%
Ranked 8th. 23% more than Sweden
21.4%
Ranked 16th.
Young shorttext readers 11.7%
Ranked 22nd.
37.3%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Germany
Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 30-39 15%
Ranked 23th. The same as Sweden
15%
Ranked 24th.
Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $0.36
Ranked 17th.
$2.10
Ranked 9th. 6 times more than Germany
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 16 12
Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 18th.
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than Germany
Library employees per million 26.69
Ranked 1st.
32.06
Ranked 24th. 20% more than Germany
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million 0.897%
Ranked 25th.
9.75%
Ranked 12th. 11 times more than Germany
Students from households with dictionary > Age 13 96%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than Sweden
92%
Ranked 21st.
Students living with mother > Age 13 94%
Ranked 14th. The same as Sweden
94%
Ranked 17th.
Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13 24% 45%
Expected duration of education for males 17.3 years
Ranked 9th.
18.6 years
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than Germany
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 97%
Ranked 4th. 9% more than Sweden
89%
Ranked 21st.
Female teachers > Lower secondary 58.7%
Ranked 16th.
62.1%
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Germany
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 8%
Ranked 23th.
12%
Ranked 22nd. 50% more than Germany
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 46%
Ranked 27th.
60%
Ranked 6th. 30% more than Germany
Elementary school graduate rate > Male 95.19
Ranked 27th.
99.85
Ranked 5th. 5% more than Germany

Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.61%
Ranked 63th. The same as Sweden
48.57%
Ranked 66th.

Elementary school teachers > % female 85.2%
Ranked 34th. 5% more than Sweden
81.01%
Ranked 52nd.

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 41.85%
Ranked 56th.
44.22%
Ranked 39th. 6% more than Germany

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils 1.74 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Sweden
232,871
Ranked 28th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 98.94%
Ranked 17th. 4% more than Sweden
94.99%
Ranked 48th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Female 108.32
Ranked 7th. 7% more than Sweden
101.47
Ranked 14th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Male 109.87
Ranked 7th. 8% more than Sweden
101.58
Ranked 11th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female 98.54
Ranked 77th.
102.63
Ranked 55th. 4% more than Germany

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male 99.7
Ranked 77th.
103.85
Ranked 56th. 4% more than Germany

Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 89.01%
Ranked 5th.
99.22%
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Germany

Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 25.6%
Ranked 17th.
29.42%
Ranked 10th. 15% more than Germany
Primary education, teachers > % female 84.43%
Ranked 42nd. 3% more than Sweden
82.04%
Ranked 49th.

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 39.32%
Ranked 54th.
42.97%
Ranked 42nd. 9% more than Germany

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 10.69%
Ranked 78th.
13.37%
Ranked 55th. 25% more than Germany

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 33.6%
Ranked 45th. The same as Sweden
33.6%
Ranked 46th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 29.3%
Ranked 12th. 4% more than Sweden
28.2%
Ranked 15th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 11.2%
Ranked 69th.
17.1%
Ranked 56th. 53% more than Germany

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 10.6%
Ranked 60th.
15.8%
Ranked 42nd. 49% more than Germany

Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 19th.
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 6th. 15 times more than Germany
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 83%
Ranked 4th.
91%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Germany
Public spending on public institutions 82.1%
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Sweden
78.9%
Ranked 25th.
School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 96.77% gross
Ranked 19th. 14% more than Sweden
85.11% gross
Ranked 37th.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 100.07% gross
Ranked 97th. 1% more than Sweden
98.96% gross
Ranked 105th.

Primary education > Teachers > % female 82.92% female
Ranked 38th. 3% more than Sweden
80.78% female
Ranked 48th.

Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 22.34%
Ranked 38th.
26.75%
Ranked 21st. 20% more than Germany

Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 10 3
Secondary education > Pupils > % female 48.24% female
Ranked 84th.
49.46% female
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Germany

Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 92%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Sweden
91%
Ranked 8th.
Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group 95.81%
Ranked 60th.
103.94%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Germany

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 98.15%
Ranked 14th. 4% more than Sweden
94.25%
Ranked 42nd.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 9.73%
Ranked 77th.
12.73%
Ranked 43th. 31% more than Germany

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 104.57%
Ranked 58th. 11% more than Sweden
94.57%
Ranked 108th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 16 years
Ranked 21st.
17 years
Ranked 8th. 6% more than Germany
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 96.36%
Ranked 95th.
99.25%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Germany

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 110.82%
Ranked 7th. 17% more than Sweden
94.79%
Ranked 32nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 112.24%
Ranked 8th. 18% more than Sweden
95.21%
Ranked 29th.

Secondary education, pupils > % female 47.45%
Ranked 101st.
48.36%
Ranked 77th. 2% more than Germany

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 18.26%
Ranked 43th.
27.61%
Ranked 7th. 51% more than Germany

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $25,604.15
Ranked 16th.
$30,958.50
Ranked 8th. 21% more than Germany

Services, etc., value added > Current US$, % of GDP 63.75%
Ranked 29th. 2% more than Sweden
62.72%
Ranked 31st.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 17.82
Ranked 35th.
23.99
Ranked 21st. 35% more than Germany

Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000 4.27
Ranked 36th.
4.56
Ranked 30th. 7% more than Germany

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 3,979.22
Ranked 9th.
5,257.32
Ranked 5th. 32% more than Germany

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy > Male 52.3%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Sweden
51.9%
Ranked 12th.
School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 100.29% gross
Ranked 24th.
102.57% gross
Ranked 17th. 2% more than Germany

Primary teacher age > Proportion aged 50-59 37%
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Sweden
35%
Ranked 3rd.
Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 4.39%
Ranked 76th.
6.22%
Ranked 20th. 42% more than Germany

Primary teacher age > Proportion under 30 7%
Ranked 23th.
12%
Ranked 20th. 71% more than Germany
Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 96.62%
Ranked 31st. 1% more than Sweden
95.58%
Ranked 38th.

School enrollment, primary > % gross 100.76%
Ranked 92nd. About the same as Sweden
100.5%
Ranked 96th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 99.43% gross
Ranked 30th.
104.56% gross
Ranked 17th. 5% more than Germany

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 97.55%
Ranked 20th.
99.7%
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Germany

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 96.96%
Ranked 28th. 1% more than Sweden
95.57%
Ranked 42nd.

Primary teacher age > Proportion under 30 per million 0.0853%
Ranked 23th.
1.35%
Ranked 11th. 16 times more than Germany
Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment 0.528%
Ranked 96th.
0.0
Ranked 122nd.

Expected duration of education for females 17 years
Ranked 13th.
22 years
Ranked 1st. 29% more than Germany
Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion 5 x
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 99.13%
Ranked 38th. 3% more than Sweden
96.39%
Ranked 47th.

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://www.ibo.org/facts/schoolstats/progsbycountry.cfm; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2001); World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; The Times, 2005; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute of Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank staff estimates