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Government Stats: compare key data on Ghana & Nigeria

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Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • Government corruption rating: Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests."
  • Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days: Time required to start a business (days). Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Country name > Conventional short form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Constitutional form: Constitutional form of government.
  • Transnational Issues > Disputes > International: This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another. Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. References to other situations involving borders or frontiers may also be included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist issues; however, inclusion does not necessarily constitute official acceptance or recognition by the US Government.
  • National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not.
  • Democracy > CPIA gender equality rating: Gender equality assesses the extent to which the country has installed institutions and programs to enforce laws and policies that promote equal access for men and women in education, health, the economy, and protection under law.
  • Legislative branch > Election results: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Legislative branch > Elections: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Democracy and rights > Press freedom index: Compares countries by their degree of government censorship, according to the Press freedom index. This index, created by the non-governmental organization Reporters without borders (RWS), is ellaborated using data from an extensive annual survey sent to professional reporters throughout the world. The survey contains questions about the type and ownership of media present in the country, freedom of speech, violence exerted against reporters, election campaigns, access of political parties to the media, etc.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women > Percentage: Percentage of seats held by women in country's national parliament or legislative houses.
  • Independence: For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession. Dependent areas include the notation "none" followed by the nature of their dependency status. "
  • Executive branch > Election results: Election results includes the percent of vote for each candidate in the last election (if any)
  • Judicial branch > Subordinate courts: This entry is derived from Government > Judicial branch, which includes three subfields. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing judges, and a brief description of the process. The selection process can be indicative of the independence of a country's court system from other branches of its government. Also included in this subfield are judges' tenures, which can range from a few years, to a specified retirement age, to lifelong appointments. The subordinate courts subfield lists the courts lower in the hierarchy of a country's court system. A few countries with federal-style governments, such as Brazil, Canada, and the US, in addition to their federal court, have separate state- or province-level court systems, though generally the two systems interact.
  • Basis of executive legitimacy: Basis of executive legitimacy.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transnational Issues > Illicit drugs: This entry gives information on the five categories of illicit drugs - narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, and cannabis. These categories include many drugs legally produced and prescribed by doctors as well as those illegally produced and sold outside of medical channels.
    Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) is the common hemp plant, which provides hallucinogens with some sedative properties, and includes marijuana (pot, Acapulco gold, grass, reefer), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, Marinol), hashish (hash), and hashish oil (hash oil).
    Coca (mostly Erythroxylum coca) is a bush with leaves that contain the stimulant used to make cocaine. Coca is not to be confused with cocoa, which comes from cacao seeds and is used in making chocolate, cocoa, and cocoa butter.
    Cocaine is a stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca bush.
    Depressants (sedatives) are drugs that reduce tension and anxiety and include chloral hydrate, barbiturates (Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, phenobarbital), benzodiazepines (Librium, Valium), methaqualone (Quaalude), glutethimide (Doriden), and others (Equanil, Placidyl, Valmid).
    Drugs are any chemical substances that effect a physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral change in an individual.
    Drug abuse is the use of any licit or illicit chemical substance that results in physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral impairment in an individual.
    Hallucinogens are drugs that affect sensation, thinking, self-awareness, and emotion. Hallucinogens include LSD (acid, microdot), mescaline and peyote (mexc, buttons, cactus), amphetamine variants (PMA, STP, DOB), phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust, hog), phencyclidine analogues (PCE, PCPy, TCP), and others (psilocybin, psilocyn).
    Hashish is the resinous exudate of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
    Heroin is a semisynthetic derivative of morphine.
    Mandrax is a trade name for methaqualone, a pharmaceutical depressant.
    Marijuana is the dried leaf of the cannabis or hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
    Methaqualone is a pharmaceutical depressant, referred to as mandrax in Southwest Asia and Africa.
    Narcotics are drugs that relieve pain, often induce sleep, and refer to opium, opium derivatives, and synthetic substitutes. Natural narcotics include opium (paregoric, parepectolin), morphine (MS-Contin, Roxanol), codeine (Tylenol with codeine, Empirin with codeine, Robitussin AC), and thebaine. Semisynthetic narcotics ...
    Full definition
  • Democracy and rights > Freedom of the press: Compares countries by freedom of the press. The lower the score, the more free the press of that country is. The scores are taken from the Freedom of the Press Index, elaborated by Freedom House, self-defined as "an independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom around the world". The data used in the index come from an annual survey of media independence in 197 countries and territories, assessing the degree of print, broadcast, and internet freedom in each of them.
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament: Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber occupied by women.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number: Start-up procedures to register a business (number). Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production.
  • Democracy > Civil and political liberties: Civil and political liberties
    Units: Index Ranging from 7 (High Levels of Liberties) to 1 (Low
    Units: This is the average of two indicators - civil liberties and political liberties.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • National holiday: The primary national day of celebration - often independence day.
  • Capital > Geographic coordinates: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Time required to start a business > Days: Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Leaders > President: Government > Leaders > President
  • Judicial branch > Judge selection and term of office: This entry is derived from Government > Judicial branch, which includes three subfields. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing judges, and a brief description of the process. The selection process can be indicative of the independence of a country's court system from other branches of its government. Also included in this subfield are judges' tenures, which can range from a few years, to a specified retirement age, to lifelong appointments. The subordinate courts subfield lists the courts lower in the hierarchy of a country's court system. A few countries with federal-style governments, such as Brazil, Canada, and the US, in addition to their federal court, have separate state- or province-level court systems, though generally the two systems interact.
  • Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient: Burden of customs procedure, WEF (1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient). Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient.
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006: The Status Index’s overall result represents the mean value of the scores for the dimensions “Political Transformationâ€? and “Economic Transformationâ€?. The mean value was calculated using the exact, unrounded values for both these dimensions, which, in turn, were derived from the ratings for the five political criteria (based on 18 indicators) and the seven economic criteria (based on 14 indicators). The table shows rounded scores for political and economic transformation as well as for the Status Index’s overall result. In some cases, therefore, the overall result differs slightly from the mean value.
  • Red tape > Time required to register property > Days: Time required to register property (days). Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Politics: Country politics.
  • International law organization participation: This entry includes information on a country's acceptance of jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and of the International Criminal Court (ICCt); 55 countries have accepted ICJ jurisdiction with reservations and 11 have accepted ICJ jurisdiction without reservations; 114 countries have accepted ICCt jurisdiction. Appendix B: International Organizations and Groups explains the differing mandates of the ICJ and ICCt.
  • Parliament > Seats held by men: Number of seats held by men in country's naitonal parliament or legislative houses.
  • Red tape > Time to resolve insolvency > Years: Time to resolve insolvency (years). Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from the filing for insolvency in court until the resolution of distressed assets.
  • Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million: Start-up procedures to register a business (number). Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women: Number of seats held by women in country's parliament or legislative houses.
  • Leaders > President > Summary: Government > Leaders > President > Summary
  • Democracy > Democratic institutions rating: Democratic institutions
    Units: Scale ranging from -10 (autocratic) to +10 (democratic)
  • UN membership date: Date of United Nations Membership
  • Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number: Procedures to build a warehouse (number). Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers.
  • Capital city: The location of the seat of government.
  • Capital > Name: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Legal origin: Legal origin identifies the origin of the Company Law or Commercial Code in each country
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days: Time required to get electricity (days). Time required to get electricity is the number of days to obtain a permanent electricity connection. The measure captures the median duration that the electricity utility and experts indicate is necessary in practice, rather than required by law, to complete a procedure.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout: The proportion of registered voters who actually voted.
  • Democracy and rights > Year women first voted at national level: Year women first voted at national level.
  • Capital > Time difference: This entry is derived from Government > Capital, which gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Voting age population: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age
  • Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days per million: Time required to get electricity (days). Time required to get electricity is the number of days to obtain a permanent electricity connection. The measure captures the median duration that the electricity utility and experts indicate is necessary in practice, rather than required by law, to complete a procedure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Democracy > Female ministers: Women in government at ministerial level in 2000 (as % of total). Data were provided by states based on their definition of national executive and may therefore include women serving as ministers and vice ministers and those holding other ministerial positions, including parliamentary secretaries.
  • Leaders > Head of state > Term limit for head of state: Head(s) of state.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Foreign relations > Recognition of Israel notes: Notes and remarks about the date on which Israel was officially recognized as a state.
  • CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high: Quality of budgetary and financial management assesses the extent to which there is a comprehensive and credible budget linked to policy priorities, effective financial management systems, and timely and accurate accounting and fiscal reporting, including timely and audited public accounts."
  • Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days: Time required to enforce a contract (days). Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment.
  • Democracy > Female parliamentarians: Seats in parliament held by women (as % of total). Data are as of 8 March 2002. Where there are lower and upper houses, data refer to the weighted average of women's shares of seats in both houses.
  • Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number: Procedures to register property (number). Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Leaders > President > Profile: Government > Leaders > President > Profile
  • Role of head of state: Head of state.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ per capita: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout: The proportion of registered voters who actually voted.
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Voting age population per 1000: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong: Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit."
  • Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient per million: Burden of customs procedure, WEF (1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient). Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006: This Index evaluates management by political decision-makers while taking into consideration the level of difficulty. The Management Index’s overall result is calculated by multiplying the intermediate result with a factor derived from the level of difficulty evaluation.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 $ gross domestic product.
  • Parliament > Seats held by women per million people: Number of seats held by women in country's parliament or legislative houses. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Democracy > Female suffrage: Year in which women received the right to vote. Data refer to the year in which right to vote or stand for election on a universal and equal basis was recognized. Where two years are shown, the first refers to the first partial recognition of the right to vote.
  • Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days: Time required to build a warehouse (days). Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • CPIA building human resources rating > 1=low to 6=high: Building human resources assesses the national policies and public and private sector service delivery that affect the access to and quality of health and education services, including prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria."
  • Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days per million: Time required to start a business (days). Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million: Procedures to enforce a contract (number). Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Time required to register property > Days per million: Time required to register property (days). Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days per million: Time required to build a warehouse (days). Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million: Procedures to build a warehouse (number). Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation: Political Transformation The score for â€?Political Transformation“ is obtained by calculating the mean value of the ratings for the following criteria: · Stateness · Political Participation · Rule of Law · Stability of Democratic Institutions · Political and Social Integration
  • Foreign relations > Diplomatic representation in the US > Ambassador: Name of ambassador to the USA.
  • Time required to build a warehouse > Days: Time required to build a warehouse is the number of calendar days needed to complete the required procedures for building a warehouse. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age
  • CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high: Social protection and labor assess government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people."
  • CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: Fiscal policy assesses the short- and medium-term sustainability of fiscal policy (taking into account monetary and exchange rate policy and the sustainability of the public debt) and its impact on growth.
  • CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high: Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced.
  • Democracy > Female candidacy: Year in which women received the right to stand for election. Data refer to the year in which right to vote or stand for election on a universal and equal basis was recognized. Where two years are shown, the first refers to the first partial recognition of the right to stand for election.
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents > Per capita: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents per 1000: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Turnout: The number of votes divided by the Voting Age Population figure, expressed as a percentage.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voter registration: The number of registered voters. The figure represents the number of names on the voters' register at the time that the registration process closes, as reported by the electoral management body.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Total vote: The total number of votes cast in the relevant election. Total vote includes valid and invalid votes, as well as blank votes in cases where these are separated from invalid votes. More information on valid, invalid and blank votes can be found at aceproject.org
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number > Per capita: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Time required to enforce a contract > Days: Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment.
  • Procedures to register property > Number: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property.
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers.
  • Form of government: Form of government in African Union member countries.
  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating: Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Turnout per million: The number of votes divided by the Voting Age Population figure, expressed as a percentage. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Turnout: The number of votes divided by the Voting Age Population figure, expressed as a percentage.
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Total vote: The total number of votes cast in the relevant election. Total vote includes valid and invalid votes, as well as blank votes in cases where these are separated from invalid votes. More information on valid, invalid and blank votes can be found at aceproject.org
  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Invalid votes: The number of invalid votes, as reported by each country.
  • CPIA structural policies cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The structural policies cluster includes trade, financial sector, and business regulatory environment."
  • CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high: Trade assesses how the policy framework fosters trade in goods.
  • Country Policy and Institutional Assessment debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high: Debt policy assesses whether the debt management strategy is conducive to minimizing budgetary risks and ensuring long-term debt sustainability.
  • Informal payments to public officials > % of firms: Informal payments to public officials are the percentage of firms expected to make informal payments to public officials to ""get things done"" with regard to customs, taxes, licenses, regulations, services, and the like."
  • Economic management rating: The economic management cluster includes macroeconomic management, fiscal policy, and debt policy. From the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment."
  • Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million: Start-up procedures are those required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of ownership, size, and type of production. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer.
  • Democracy > CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating: Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule-based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced.
  • Legislature (parliament) > Term of office for lower house members: Members of the lower (or sole) house.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Foreign relations > Date of recognition of State of Palestine: Date on which Palestine was officially recognized as a state.
  • CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high: Equity of public resource use assesses the extent to which the pattern of public expenditures and revenue collection affects the poor and is consistent with national poverty reduction priorities.
  • Country Policy and Institutional Assessment > Business regulation effectiveness: Business regulatory environment assesses the extent to which the legal, regulatory, and policy environments help or hinder private businesses in investing, creating jobs, and becoming more productive."
  • Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days per million: Time required to enforce a contract (days). Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trademarks > Residents: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment.
  • Procedures to register property > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Republic establishment date: The date on which each country (or its precursor) changed its form of government to a republic. In a republic, the power resides in the country’s people, the government and legislature is elected and the country is ruled according to its laws.
  • Democracy > CPIA transparency > Accountability > And corruption in the public sector rating: Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests.
  • Democracy > CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average: The policies for social inclusion and equity cluster includes gender equality, equity of public resource use, building human resources, social protection and labor, and policies and institutions for environmental sustainability.
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Capital city > Time difference: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Trademarks > Residents per million: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Procedures to register property > Number per million: Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million: Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Trademarks > Nonresidents: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment.
  • Time required to register property > Days: Time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth: Annual percentage growth of general government final consumption expenditure based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. General government final consumption expenditure (general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation.
  • Time to resolve insolvency > Years: Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from the filing for insolvency in court until the resolution of distressed assets.
  • CPIA quality of public administration rating: Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively.
  • Red tape > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time: Management time dealing with officials (% of management time). Time dealing with officials is the percentage of management time in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations (taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing and registration).
  • Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number per million: Procedures to register property (number). Number of procedures to register property is the number of procedures required for a businesses to secure rights to property. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number: Procedures to enforce a contract (number). Number of procedures to enforce a contract are the number of independent actions, mandated by law or courts, that demand interaction between the parties of a contract or between them and the judge or court officer.
  • Commonwealth of Nations > Date joined: Date each member country joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high: IDA Resource Allocation Index is obtained by calculating the average score for each cluster and then by averaging those scores. For each of 16 criteria countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high).
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments > %: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%). Women in parliaments are the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber held by women.
  • CPIA efficiency of revenue mobilisation rating > 1=low to 6=high: Efficiency of revenue mobilisation assesses the overall pattern of revenue mobilisation--not only the de facto tax structure, but also revenue from all sources as actually collected."
  • CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high: Financial sector assesses the structure of the financial sector and the policies and regulations that affect it.
  • CPIA macroeconomic management rating: Macroeconomic management assesses the monetary, exchange rate, and aggregate demand policy framework."
  • CPIA policies for social inclusion or equity cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The policies for social inclusion and equity cluster includes gender equality, equity of public resource use, building human resources, social protection and labor, and policies and institutions for environmental sustainability."
  • CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating > 1=low to 6=high: Policy and institutions for environmental sustainability assess the extent to which environmental policies foster the protection and sustainable use of natural resources and the management of pollution.
  • Democracy and rights > Next election: Next election.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Parliament > Seats held by men per million people: Number of seats held by men in country's naitonal parliament or legislative houses. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high: The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilisation, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in"
  • Democracy and rights > Last election: Last election.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Democracy > Presidential elections > Voter registration: The number of registered voters. The figure represents the number of names on the voters' register at the time that the registration process closes, as reported by the electoral management body.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Foreign relations > Date of establishment of relations with China: The date on which each country established diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population per 1000: International IDEA has chosen to use not only the reported registration rate to calculate turnout percentages, but also the voting age population (VAP) which includes all citizens above the legal voting age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current LCU: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current local currency.
  • Foreign relations > Diplomatic relations with Palestine: Indicates whether or not each country has diplomatic relations with Palestine.
  • Time to prepare and pay taxes > Hours: Time to prepare and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security contributions.
  • Procedures to build a warehouse > Number > Per capita: Number of procedures to build a warehouse is the number of interactions of a company's employees or managers with external parties, including government agency staff, public inspectors, notaries, land registry and cadastre staff, and technical experts apart from architects and engineers. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high: Quality of public administration assesses the extent to which civilian central government staff is structured to design and implement government policy and deliver services effectively.
  • Democracy > CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average: The public sector management and institutions cluster includes property rights and rule-based governance, quality of budgetary and financial management, efficiency of revenue mobilization, quality of public administration, and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector.
  • Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes: The number of invalid votes, as reported by each country.
  • Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant LCU: General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Trademarks > Residents > Per capita: Trademark applications filed are applications for registration of a trademark with a national or regional trademark office. Trademarks are distinctive signs that identify goods or services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. Trademarks protect owners of the mark by ensuring exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services or to authorize its use in return for payment. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Ruling party: In power now.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

STAT Ghana Nigeria HISTORY
Administrative divisions 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Western 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 5 33 N, 0 13 W 9 05 N, 7 32 E
Capital city > Name Accra Abuja
Constitution several previous; latest drafted 31 March 1992, approved and promulgated 28 April 1992, entered into force 7 January 1993; amended 1996 adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address P. O. Box 194, Accra P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament Federal Executive Council
Executive branch > Chief of state President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012) President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)
Executive branch > Head of government President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012) President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)
Government type constitutional democracy federal republic
Judicial branch Supreme Court; High Court; Court of Appeal; regional tribunals Supreme Court (judges recommended by the National Judicial Council and appointed by the president); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government from a pool of judges recommended by the National Judicial Council)
Legal system Based on English common law Sharia in the northern states, common law in the south and at the federal level.
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate
Political parties and leaders Convention People's Party or CPP [Samia NKRUMAH]<br />Democratic Freedom Party or DFP [Obed Yao ASAMOAH]<br />Democratic People’s Party or DPP [T.N. WARD BREW]<br />Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE [Henry GIDI]<br />Great Consolidated Popular Party or GCPP [vacant]<br />National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Kwabena ADJEI]<br />National Democratic Party or NDP [Nii Armah JOSIAH-AYEH]<br />New Patriotic Party or NPP [Jake OBETSEBI-LAMPEY]<br />People's National Convention or PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN]<br />National Reform Party [Peter KPORDUGBE]<br />United Renaissance Party or URP [Kofi WAYO] Accord Party or ACC [Mohammad Lawal MALADO]<br />Action Congress of Nigeria or ACN [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE]<br />All Nigeria Peoples Party or ANPP [Ogbonnaya C. ONU]<br />All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]<br />Congress for Progressive Change or CPC [Tony MOMOH]<br />Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Jeremiah USENI]<br />Labor Party [Umar MUSTAPHA]<br />Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Bamanga TUKUR]
Political pressure groups and leaders Christian Aid (water rights)<br />Committee for Joint Action or CJA (education reform)<br />National Coalition Against the Privatization of Water or CAP (water rights)<br />Oxfam (water rights)<br />Public Citizen (water rights)<br />Students Coalition Against EPA [Kwabena Ososukene OKAI] (education reform)<br />Third World Network (education reform) Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU<br />Campaign for Democracy or CD<br />Civil Liberties Organization or CLO<br />Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR<br />Constitutional Right Project or CRP<br />Human Right Africa<br />National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL<br />National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS<br />Nigerian Bar Association or NBA<br />Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC<br />Nigerian Medical Association or NMA<br />the press<br />Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
International organization participation ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ACP, AfDB, AU, C, CD, D-8, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Government corruption rating 4
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 39th.

Country name > Conventional long form Republic of Ghana Federal Republic of Nigeria
Executive branch > Elections president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 7 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2016) president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 16 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2015)
National symbol(s) black star; golden eagle eagle
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity
Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days 14
Ranked 105th.
28
Ranked 52nd. Twice as much as Ghana

Country name > Conventional short form Ghana Nigeria
Constitutional form Republic Republic
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International disputed maritime border between Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phase-out of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries; location of Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint is unresolved
National anthem <strong>name: </strong>"God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> unknown/Philip GBEHO <strong>name: </strong>"Arise Oh Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey"<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> John A. ILECHUKWU, Eme Etim AKPAN, B. A. OGUNNAIKE, Sotu OMOIGUI and P. O. ADERIBIGBE/Benedict Elide ODIASE
Democracy > CPIA gender equality rating 4
Ranked 16th. 33% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 60th.
FAX 233 234
Legislative branch > Election results percent of vote by party - NPP 47.5%, NDC 46.4%, PNC 0.6%, independent 2.5%, other 3.0%; seats by party - NDC 151, NPP 120, PNC 1, independent 3 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 73, ACN 17, ANPP 7, CPC 6, LP 4, other 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 205, ACN 69, CPC 36, ANPP 28, LP 9, APGA 6, ACC 5, other 2
Legislative branch > Elections last held on 7 and 8 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2016) Senate - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015); House of Representatives - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Democracy and rights > Press freedom index 17.27
Ranked 146th.
34.11
Ranked 64th. 98% more than Ghana
Parliament > Seats held by women > Percentage 10.26%
Ranked 145th. 54% more than Nigeria
6.67%
Ranked 165th.

Independence 6 March 1957 (from the UK) 1 October 1960 (from the UK)
Executive branch > Election results John Dramani MAHAMA elected president; percent of vote - John Dramani MAHAMA 50.7%, Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO 47.7%, other 1.6% Goodluck JONATHAN elected president; percent of vote - Goodluck JONATHAN 58.9%, Muhammadu BUHARI 32.0%, Nuhu RIBADU 5.4%, Ibrahim SHEKARAU 2.4%, other 1.3%
Judicial branch > Subordinate courts Court of Appeal; High Court; Circuit Court; District Court; regional tribunals Court of Appeal; Federal High Court; High Court of the Federal Capital Territory; Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; state court system similar in structure to federal system
Basis of executive legitimacy Presidency is independent of legislature Presidency is independent of legislature
Transnational Issues > Illicit drugs illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use a transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in June 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Democracy and rights > Freedom of the press 28
Ranked 136th.
50
Ranked 92nd. 79% more than Ghana
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament 10.9%
Ranked 112th. 70% more than Nigeria
6.4%
Ranked 149th.

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy 24 Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja
Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 8
Ranked 63th. The same as Nigeria
8
Ranked 67th.

Democracy > Civil and political liberties 4.5
Ranked 52nd. 50% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 82nd.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ 1.64 billion$
Ranked 83th.
20.89 billion$
Ranked 31st. 13 times more than Ghana

National holiday Independence Day, 6 March Independence Day (National Day), 1 October
Capital > Geographic coordinates 5 33 N, 0 13 W 9 05 N, 7 32 E
Time required to start a business > Days 81 days
Ranked 19th. 88% more than Nigeria
43 days
Ranked 68th.

Leaders > President John Dramani Mahama Goodluck Jonathan
Democracy > Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.985
Ranked 4th. 15% more than Nigeria
0.855
Ranked 132nd.

Judicial branch > Judge selection and term of office chief justice appointed by the president in consultation with the Council of State (a small advisory body of prominent citizens) and with the approval of Parliament; other justices appointed by the president upon the advice of the Judicial Council (an 18-member independent body of judicial, military and police officials, and presidential nominees) and on the advice of the Council of State; justices can retire at age 60, with compulsory retirement at age 70 judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council, a 23-member independent body of federal and state judicial officials; judge appointments confirmed by the Senate; judges serve until age 65
Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 3.4
Ranked 112th.
3.6
Ranked 99th. 6% more than Ghana

Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 6.99
Ranked 30th. 30% more than Nigeria
5.38
Ranked 66th.
Red tape > Time required to register property > Days 34
Ranked 98th.
77
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than Ghana

Politics Ghana is one of the more stable nations in the region, with a good record of power changing hands peacefully People&#039;s Democratic Party (PDP) has dominated since the return to civilian rule in 1999. The al-Qaeda-aligned Boko Haram armed movement is conducting an insurrection in the mainly Muslim north
International law organization participation has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Parliament > Seats held by men 245
Ranked 36th.
336
Ranked 24th. 37% more than Ghana

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition August 24, 1979 November 12, 1984
Red tape > Time to resolve insolvency > Years 1.9
Ranked 124th.
2
Ranked 116th. 5% more than Ghana

Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.276
Ranked 138th. 6 times more than Nigeria
0.0474
Ranked 181st.

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Daniel Ohene AGYEKUM (since 7 December 2009) Ambassador Adebowale Ibidapo ADEFUYE
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Gene A. CRETZ (since 11 September 2012) Ambassador James F. ENTWISTLE (designate)
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [233] 30-2741-000 [234] (9) 461-4000
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery None None
Parliament > Seats held by women 28
Ranked 83th. 17% more than Nigeria
24
Ranked 97th.

Leaders > President > Summary Mr Mahama became president when his predecessor died Most of President Jonathan&#039;s electoral support lies in the mainly Christian south
Democracy > Democratic institutions rating 2
Ranked 89th.
4
Ranked 85th. Twice as much as Ghana
UN membership date 8 Mar. 1957 7 Oct. 1960
Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 15
Ranked 81st.
18
Ranked 45th. 20% more than Ghana

Capital city Accra Abuja
Capital > Name Accra Abuja
Legal origin <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a> <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a>
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita 74.21$ per capita
Ranked 115th.
147.8$ per capita
Ranked 91st. Twice as much as Ghana

Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days 79
Ranked 106th.
260
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Ghana

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 61.2%
Ranked 109th.
84.8%
Ranked 29th. 39% more than Ghana
Democracy and rights > Year women first voted at national level 1954 1958
Capital > Time difference UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Democracy > Presidential elections > Voting age population 8.8 million
Ranked 25th.
52.79 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Ghana
Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days per million 3.11
Ranked 147th. 2 times more than Nigeria
1.54
Ranked 168th.

Democracy > Female ministers 28.6%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Nigeria
8.6%
Ranked 86th.
Leaders > Head of state > Term limit for head of state 4
Ranked 133th.
5
Ranked 97th. 25% more than Ghana
Foreign relations > Recognition of Israel notes Relations broken in October 1973, and resumed in August 1994. Relations broken in October 1973, were resumed in May 1992.
CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 23th. 17% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 58th.

Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days 495
Ranked 117th. 11% more than Nigeria
447
Ranked 130th.

Democracy > Female parliamentarians 9%
Ranked 103th. 3 times more than Nigeria
3.3%
Ranked 141st.
Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number 5
Ranked 121st.
13
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ghana

Leaders > President > Profile <p>Vice-President John Dramani Mahama became interim head of state following the death of President John Atta Mills in July 2012.</p> <p>Mr Mahama won his first full term in office in an extremely tight election a few months later in December, defeating Nana Akufo-Addo of the opposition New Patriotic Party with only 50.7% of the vote to Mr Addo&#039;s 47.7%.</p> <p>The NPP said he had won fraudulently, but its legal challenge to the result was rejected by the supreme court in August 2013.</p> <p>Several foreign observer teams, including those of the African Union and regional body Ecowas, declared the election free and fair.</p> <p>His first year as elected president was overshadowed by poor economic news, with sharp rises in inflation and the government deficit.</p> <p>Mr Mahama is a respected historian, writer and communications specialist. Regarded as a champion of the underprivileged, he has a keen interest in environmental issues, particularly the problem of plastic pollution in Africa. His book, entitled &quot;My First Coup d&#039;Etat&quot; was published in July 2012.</p> <p>He studied in Ghana and Moscow. Between 1991 and 1995 he worked as an information officer at the Japanese embassy in Accra.</p><p>He joined the non-governmental organization PLAN International in 1995.</p> <p>He was elected as a member of parliament in 1996, and served communications minister between 1998 and 2001.</p> <p>In opposition from 2005 to 2011, Mr Mahama served as parliamentary spokesman for foreign affairs.</p> <p>Mr Mahama was born at Bole-Bamboi in the Northern Region in 1958. He is married and has seven children.</p> <p>Goodluck Jonathan inherited the presidency in May 2010 on the death of his predecessor, and went on to win elections in April 2011.</p> <p>International observers gave the 2011 elections their general approval. Other elections since the end of military rule in 1999 have been widely condemned for state-sponsored manipulation.</p> <p>However, the announcement of the results was followed by violence in the northern stronghold of his main opponent, General Muhammadu Buhari.</p> <p>The election results revealed a geographical divide, with Mr Jonathan scoring well in the predominantly Christian south, and Gen Buhari sweeping many of the Muslim-dominated northern states.</p> <p>Mr Jonathan was elected as vice-president to Umaru Yar&#039;Adua in 2007, and had to serve as acting president as Mr Yar&#039;Adua&#039;s health declined.</p> <p>Mr Jonathan has expressed his commitment to fighting corruption. In November 2011, he sacked the head of the country&#039;s anti-corruption agency, accusing her of not doing enough to tackle the problem.</p> <p>The increasing militancy of the northern-based radical Islamist group Boko Haram has also proved to be a major headache for the president. After a series of bloody attacks on Christmas Day 2011, Mr Jonathan vowed that the government would do all in its power to bring the perpetrators to justice. </p> <p>Despite this, in 2012 more than 600 people were killed in attacks blamed on Boko Haram, and President Jonathan went on to declare a state of emergency in three northern states and deploy a large number of troops in May 2013.</p> <p>Mr Jonathan was born in 1957 in Bayelsa, a state in the oil-rich Niger Delta. Unlike his predecessor, who was a Muslim from the northern Katsina state, he is a Christian from the south.</p> <p>After studying zoology at university, he worked as an education inspector, lecturer and environmental protection officer before going into politics in 1998.</p> <p>Elected deputy governor of his native Bayelsa state in 1999, he was promoted when the governor was impeached on corruption charges in 2005.</p> <p>Two years later, he was hand-picked to be Mr Yar&#039;Adua&#039;s running mate in the 2007 election, which the ticket won amid allegations of widespread vote-rigging.</p>
Role of head of state Executive Executive
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ per capita 76.74$
Ranked 113th.
149.67$
Ranked 88th. 95% more than Ghana

Democracy > Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 78.2%
Ranked 26th. 50% more than Nigeria
52.3%
Ranked 79th.
Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 12
Ranked 37th. 33% more than Nigeria
9
Ranked 97th.

Democracy > Presidential elections > Voting age population per 1000 433.43
Ranked 67th. 9% more than Nigeria
398.29
Ranked 79th.
Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong 7
Ranked 54th.
8
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Ghana

Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient per million 0.134
Ranked 107th. 6 times more than Nigeria
0.0213
Ranked 135th.

Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 6.76
Ranked 18th. 27% more than Nigeria
5.33
Ranked 44th.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.153$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 65th.
0.211$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 28th. 38% more than Ghana

Parliament > Seats held by women per million people 1.11
Ranked 148th. 8 times more than Nigeria
0.138
Ranked 177th.

Democracy > Female suffrage 1954 1958
Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days 246.5
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Nigeria
116
Ranked 127th.

CPIA building human resources rating > 1=low to 6=high 4.5
Ranked 3rd. 50% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 58th.

Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days per million 0.473
Ranked 144th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.166
Ranked 171st.

Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 1.42
Ranked 143th. 6 times more than Nigeria
0.237
Ranked 182nd.

Red tape > Time required to register property > Days per million 1.34
Ranked 135th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.456
Ranked 156th.

Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days per million 9.72
Ranked 125th. 14 times more than Nigeria
0.687
Ranked 178th.

Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.591
Ranked 135th. 6 times more than Nigeria
0.107
Ranked 175th.

Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 7.9
Ranked 23th. 31% more than Nigeria
6.05
Ranked 61st.
Foreign relations > Diplomatic representation in the US > Ambassador Bawuah-Edusei, Kwame Kwame Bawuah-Edusei Rotimi, Oluwole Oluwole Rotimi
Time required to build a warehouse > Days 127 days
Ranked 132nd.
465 days
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Ghana

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 10.14 million
Ranked 45th.
52.79 million
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Ghana
CPIA social protection rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 13th. The same as Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 30th.

CPIA fiscal policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 32nd.
4.5
Ranked 11th. 29% more than Ghana

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 14th. 40% more than Nigeria
2.5
Ranked 60th.

Democracy > Female candidacy 1,954
Ranked 61st.
1,958
Ranked 44th. About the same as Ghana
Trademarks > Nonresidents > Per capita 0.021 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.007 per 1,000 people
Ranked 72nd.

Trademarks > Nonresidents per 1000 0.0219
Ranked 76th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.00642
Ranked 73th.

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment February 17, 1993 January 7, 1993
National anthem > Name "God Bless Our Homeland Ghana" "Arise Oh Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey"
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Turnout 64.6
Ranked 57th.
93.1
Ranked 9th. 44% more than Ghana
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 10.7 million
Ranked 39th.
57.94 million
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Ghana
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Total vote 6.55 million
Ranked 41st.
49.14 million
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Ghana
Start-up procedures to register a business > Number > Per capita 0.533 per 1 million people
Ranked 118th. 9 times more than Nigeria
0.062 per 1 million people
Ranked 163th.

Time required to enforce a contract > Days 552 days
Ranked 69th. 21% more than Nigeria
457 days
Ranked 89th.

Procedures to register property > Number 7
Ranked 56th.
16
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Ghana

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 16
Ranked 94th. The same as Nigeria
16
Ranked 99th.

Form of government presidential unitary republic presidential unitary federation
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 4
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 41st.
Democracy > Presidential elections > Turnout per million 4.06
Ranked 52nd. 9 times more than Nigeria
0.433
Ranked 75th.
Democracy > Presidential elections > Turnout 82.5
Ranked 10th. 44% more than Nigeria
57.4
Ranked 59th.
Democracy > Presidential elections > Total vote 7.26 million
Ranked 19th.
30.28 million
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Ghana
Democracy > Presidential elections > Invalid votes 1.5%
Ranked 39th. 7% more than Nigeria
1.4%
Ranked 43th.
CPIA structural policies cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 5th. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 37th.

CPIA trade rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 22nd. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 59th.

Country Policy and Institutional Assessment debt policy rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 23th.
4.5
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Ghana

Informal payments to public officials > % of firms 38.77%
Ranked 7th.
40.9%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Ghana
Economic management rating 3.67
Ranked 31st.
4.33
Ranked 13th. 18% more than Ghana

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.547
Ranked 115th. 9 times more than Nigeria
0.0628
Ranked 161st.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 29
Ranked 105th. 26% more than Nigeria
23
Ranked 142nd.

Democracy > CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3.5
Ranked 13th. 40% more than Nigeria
2.5
Ranked 61st.
Legislature (parliament) > Term of office for lower house members 4
Ranked 139th.
5
Ranked 80th. 25% more than Ghana
Foreign relations > Date of recognition of State of Palestine 29 November 1988 18 November 1988
CPIA equity of public resource use rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 13th. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 45th.

Country Policy and Institutional Assessment > Business regulation effectiveness 4
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 37th.

Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days per million 19.2
Ranked 147th. 7 times more than Nigeria
2.71
Ranked 182nd.

Trademarks > Residents 171
Ranked 81st.
1,392
Ranked 38th. 8 times more than Ghana
Procedures to register property > Number > Per capita 0.311 per 1 million people
Ranked 117th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.111 per 1 million people
Ranked 147th.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number > Per capita 1.29 per 1 million people
Ranked 130th. 8 times more than Nigeria
0.159 per 1 million people
Ranked 164th.

Republic establishment date July 1, 1960 October 1, 1963
Democracy > CPIA transparency > Accountability > And corruption in the public sector rating 3.5
Ranked 12th. 17% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 40th.
Democracy > CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.7
Ranked 17th. 19% more than Nigeria
3.1
Ranked 53th.
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [233] 30-2741-389 [234] (9) 461-4171
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 686-4520 [1] (202) 986-8400
Capital city > Time difference UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Trademarks > Residents per million 10.47
Ranked 82nd.
14.56
Ranked 66th. 39% more than Ghana
Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.319
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.112
Ranked 147th.

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.729
Ranked 120th. 7 times more than Nigeria
0.112
Ranked 157th.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 1.32
Ranked 129th. 8 times more than Nigeria
0.16
Ranked 163th.

Trademarks > Nonresidents 358
Ranked 77th.
614
Ranked 58th. 72% more than Ghana

Time required to register property > Days 382 days
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Nigeria
80 days
Ranked 53th.

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth 7.15%
Ranked 33th.
9.72%
Ranked 13th. 36% more than Ghana

Time to resolve insolvency > Years 1.9 years
Ranked 116th. 27% more than Nigeria
1.5 years
Ranked 128th.

CPIA quality of public administration rating 3.5
Ranked 12th. 40% more than Nigeria
2.5
Ranked 68th.
Red tape > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 3.2%
Ranked 14th.
6.1%
Ranked 7th. 91% more than Ghana
Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.197
Ranked 142nd. 3 times more than Nigeria
0.077
Ranked 170th.

Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 36
Ranked 121st.
40
Ranked 73th. 11% more than Ghana

National anthem > Note music adopted 1957, lyrics adopted 1966; the lyrics were changed twice, once when a republic was declared in 1960 and again after a 1966 coup adopted 1978; the lyrics are a mixture of five of the top entries in a national contest
Commonwealth of Nations > Date joined <span style="display:none">1957-03-06</span>6 March 1957 <span style="display:none">1960-10-01</span>1 October 1960
IDA resource allocation index > 1=low to 6=high 3.84
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Nigeria
3.48
Ranked 32nd.

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments > % 10.9%
Ranked 144th. 63% more than Nigeria
6.7%
Ranked 165th.

CPIA efficiency of revenue mobilisation rating > 1=low to 6=high 4.5
Ranked 1st. 50% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 62nd.

CPIA financial sector rating > 1=low to 6=high 4
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Nigeria
3.5
Ranked 25th.

CPIA macroeconomic management rating 3.5
Ranked 44th.
4
Ranked 34th. 14% more than Ghana

CPIA policies for social inclusion or equity cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.9
Ranked 6th. 22% more than Nigeria
3.2
Ranked 49th.

CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 14th. 17% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 51st.

Democracy and rights > Next election December 2016 April 2015
Parliament > Seats held by men per million people 9.72
Ranked 116th. 5 times more than Nigeria
1.93
Ranked 180th.

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average > 1=low to 6=high 3.8
Ranked 5th. 31% more than Nigeria
2.9
Ranked 50th.

Democracy and rights > Last election December 2012 April 2011
Democracy > Presidential elections > Voter registration 9.28 million
Ranked 19th.
57.94 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Ghana
Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general New York Atlanta, New York
Foreign relations > Date of establishment of relations with China July 5, 1960 February 10, 1971
FAX > Consulate(s) general New York New York
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population per 1000 499.53
Ranked 105th. 25% more than Nigeria
398.29
Ranked 143th.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current LCU 14888840000000 2742600000000
Foreign relations > Diplomatic relations with Palestine Yes Yes
Time to prepare and pay taxes > Hours 304 hours
Ranked 58th.
1,120 hours
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Ghana

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number > Per capita 0.71 per 1 million people
Ranked 125th. 6 times more than Nigeria
0.111 per 1 million people
Ranked 159th.

CPIA quality of public administration rating > 1=low to 6=high 3.5
Ranked 11th. 17% more than Nigeria
3
Ranked 46th.

Democracy > CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.7
Ranked 8th. 32% more than Nigeria
2.8
Ranked 53th.
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 1.6%
Ranked 70th.
2.4%
Ranked 60th. 50% more than Ghana
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 686-4527 [1] (202) 362-6541
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant LCU 1512726000 88351830000
Trademarks > Residents > Per capita 0.01 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
0.015 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 50% more than Ghana
Ruling party New Democrat People's Democrats

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; Wikipedia: List of countries by system of government (Alphabetical list of countries); All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Censorship by country (Censorship by country) ("Press Freedom Index 2013" , Reporters Without Borders, 30 January 2013); United Nations Statistics Division; "2012 Freedom of the Press Data" , Freedom House, 1 May 2012; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files.; Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Polity IV Project, University of Maryland, at Polity IV Project; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Wikipedia: Women's suffrage (Summary); IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; Wikipedia: Term of office (Terms of office by country); Wikipedia: International recognition of Israel (UN member states); calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation-index.de/fileadmin/pdf/BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Wikipedia: List of ambassadors to the United States; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia; Freedom House (2006-06-27). "2005". Freedom in the World. Retrieved 2006-06-27.; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).; Wikipedia: International recognition of the State of Palestine (Diplomatic recognition); Wikipedia: List of countries by date of transition to republican system of government (List); World Bank, Enterprise Surveys; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations; Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) (www.ipu.org); Wikipedia: List of next general elections (Africa); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dates_of_establishment_of_diplomatic_relations_with_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China; Wikipedia: International recognition of the State of Palestine (Diplomatic recognition) (Either with the Palestinian National Authority, the Palestine Liberation Organization, or the State of Palestine. The institution is specified where known.)

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