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Background Stats: compare key data on Iran & Turkey

Definitions

  • Daylight Savings Time end date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time ends. Clocks are moved backwards on this date.
  • Daylight Savings Time start date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time begins. Clocks are moved forward on this date.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
STAT Iran Turkey
Daylight Savings Time end date September 21–22 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October
Daylight Savings Time start date March 21–22 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March
Full name Islamic Republic of Iran Republic of Turkey
Land border length 5,440 km
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Turkey
2,648 km
Ranked 69th.
National anthems Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran ( National Anthem of Iran ) \u0130stikl\u00e2l Mar\u015f\u0131 ( The March of Independence )
National identity card The Iranian national identity card is compulsory for citizens and permanent residents, aged 15 and over. The N\u00fcfus C\u00fczdan\u0131 is compulsory right after birth without photograph, at the age of 15 a photograph must be sticked on. It has to be carried at all times and it is often photocopied by bureaus, banks, etc.
Neighboring countries and territories Afghanistan (L) Armenia (L) Azerbaijan Bahrain (M) Iraq Kuwait (M) Nagorno-Karabakh (L) Oman (M) Pakistan Qatar (M) Saudi Arabia (M) Turkey (L) Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates (M) Armenia (L) Azerbaijan (L) Bulgaria Cyprus (M) Egypt (M) Georgia Greece Iran (L) Iraq (L) Romania (M) Russia (M) Syria Ukraine (M) Northern Cyprus (M) Turkey has a Maritime border with Northern Cyprus, which all other countries consider to be part of Cyprus
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 10
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Turkey
9
Ranked 6th.
Overview <p>Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown and clerics assumed political control under supreme leader Ayatollah Khomeini. </p> <p>The Iranian revolution put an end to the rule of the Shah, who had alienated powerful religious, political and popular forces with a programme of modernization and Westernization coupled with heavy repression of dissent. </p> <p>Persia, as Iran was known before 1935, was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world, and the country has long maintained a distinct cultural identity within the Islamic world by retaining its own language and adhering to the Shia interpretation of Islam. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14541327">Full Article</a> <p>Once the centre of the Ottoman Empire, the modern secular republic was established in the 1920s by nationalist leader Kemal Ataturk.</p> <p>Straddling the continents of Europe and Asia, Turkey&#039;s strategically important location has given it major influence in the region - and control over the entrance to the Black Sea.</p> <p>Turkey&#039;s progress towards democracy and a market economy was halting in the decades following the death of President Ataturk in 1938. The army saw itself as the guarantor of the constitution, and ousted governments on a number of occasions when it thought they were challenging secular values. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17988453">Full Article</a>

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