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People Stats: compare key data on Iran & Turkey

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Migration > Refugees: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99)
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Rural divorces per million people: Total number of divorces by couples living in rural areas. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces by couples living in urban areas. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Houses with kitchen: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, availability of kitchen and urban/rural location.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 9 rooms: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location.
  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population: Arab population in each country. France is the only European country with over 1 million Arabs.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Unimproved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces: Total number of divorces by couples living in urban areas.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people: Australian residents born outside of Australia by country of birth. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Germany, nationalised foreigners: Country of origin of people who obtained German citizenship by naturalization in the period 1995-2004
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Migration > Refugees per 1000: Refugees (number in each country, 1990-99). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population: Age dependency ratio, young (% of working-age population). Age dependency ratio, young, is the ratio of younger dependents--people younger than 15--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.
  • Rural population > % of total population: Rural population (% of total population). Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Total population > Age 65-69: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population ages 15-64 > % of total: Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64.
  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 9 rooms per thousand people: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 30-34: Total population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total: Total population - Age 10-14 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Housing > Urban houses with kitchen: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, availability of kitchen and urban/rural location.
  • Female population > Age 75-79 per 1000: Female population - Age 75-79, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Contraceptive prevalence %: People - Women - Contraceptive prevalence (%) 1995-2002
  • Total population > Age 55-59: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Housing > Houses with kitchen per thousand people: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, availability of kitchen and urban/rural location. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 35-39: Male population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Total population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total: Female population - Age 55-59 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 65-69: Female population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Male population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Female population > Age 70-74: Female population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 60-64: Female population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total: Total population - Age 25-29 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Female population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 30-34: Male population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005
  • GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Female is the total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, male (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Male is the total number of new male entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total male population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
STAT Iran Turkey HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 48.34 years
Ranked 48th.
49.35 years
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.75%
Ranked 139th. 4% more than Turkey
14.18%
Ranked 166th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 13.92 million
Ranked 29th. 14% more than Turkey
12.26 million
Ranked 35th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.25%
Ranked 145th. 3% more than Turkey
9.91%
Ranked 168th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 9.67 million
Ranked 29th. 13% more than Turkey
8.56 million
Ranked 32nd.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 84.05%
Ranked 44th.
85.25%
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Iran

Birth rate 18.4 births/1,000 population
Ranked 106th. 7% more than Turkey
17.22 births/1,000 population
Ranked 110th.

Death rate 5.94 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 165th.
6.11 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 160th. 3% more than Iran

Ethnic groups Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1% Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12%
Gender > Female population 46.54 million
Ranked 26th. 6% more than Turkey
43.73 million
Ranked 27th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 1.89
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Turkey
1.67
Ranked 21st.

Population 79.85 million
Ranked 18th.
80.69 million
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Iran

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.165
Ranked 119th.
-0.335
Ranked 166th. 2 times more than Iran

Population growth -0.165%
Ranked 119th.
-0.335%
Ranked 166th. 2 times more than Iran

Population growth rate 1.24%
Ranked 94th. 7% more than Turkey
1.16%
Ranked 100th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 36.61%
Ranked 49th.
37.77%
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 51.25 million
Ranked 28th. 10% more than Turkey
46.67 million
Ranked 30th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 4.57 million
Ranked 29th. 14% more than Turkey
4.01 million
Ranked 35th.

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 19.4%
Ranked 97th.
27.8%
Ranked 34th. 43% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.63%
Ranked 153th. 1% more than Turkey
48.05%
Ranked 163th.

Population in 2015 79,917 thousand
Ranked 18th.
82,640 thousand
Ranked 16th. 3% more than Iran
Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 5.25
Ranked 168th.
5.73
Ranked 157th. 9% more than Iran

Total fertility rate 1.86 children born/woman
Ranked 143th.
2.1 children born/woman
Ranked 110th. 13% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 30.91%
Ranked 47th.
31.84%
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Iran

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.5
Ranked 125th.
0.53
Ranked 108th. 6% more than Iran

Age structure > 0-14 years 23.8%
Ranked 129th.
25.9%
Ranked 113th. 9% more than Iran

Gender > Male population 47.78 million
Ranked 26th. 12% more than Turkey
42.74 million
Ranked 27th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 34.53 million
Ranked 18th. 6% more than Turkey
32.66 million
Ranked 19th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.33%
Ranked 153th. 1% more than Turkey
53.98%
Ranked 163th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 5.1%
Ranked 137th.
6.6%
Ranked 114th. 29% more than Iran

Nationality > Noun Iranian(s) Turk(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 56.89%
Ranked 45th.
58.99%
Ranked 35th. 4% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.84%
Ranked 137th. 4% more than Turkey
4.64%
Ranked 164th.

Physicians density 0.89 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 3rd.
1.71 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 19th. 92% more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 142,841
Ranked 7th. 16% more than Turkey
123,325
Ranked 2nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 29.16 million
Ranked 17th. 6% more than Turkey
27.53 million
Ranked 18th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 45.87 million
Ranked 28th. 10% more than Turkey
41.55 million
Ranked 30th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 13.53 million
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Turkey
12.26 million
Ranked 13th.

Cities > Urban population 78,821
Ranked 72nd. 2% more than Turkey
77,045
Ranked 82nd.

Nationality > Adjective Iranian Turkish
Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Turkey
1.02 male(s)/female
Ranked 52nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 9.91%
Ranked 143th. 4% more than Turkey
9.53%
Ranked 167th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 87th. The same as Turkey
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 146th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 874,792
Ranked 5th. 45% more than Turkey
603,751
Ranked 2nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.35%
Ranked 39th. 1% more than Turkey
14.18%
Ranked 44th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 11.6
Ranked 4th. 42% more than Turkey
8.16
Ranked 7th.

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 87th. The same as Turkey
1.05
Ranked 126th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 9.35 million
Ranked 29th. 13% more than Turkey
8.24 million
Ranked 35th.

Migration > Net migration rate -3.28 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 144th.
0.0
Ranked 85th.

Future population change -156,714.2
Ranked 179th.
-292,309
Ranked 187th. 87% more than Iran

Urban population 45.66 million
Ranked 16th.
48.5 million
Ranked 14th. 6% more than Iran

Urbanization in 2015 73.2%
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than Turkey
71.8%
Ranked 58th.
Median age > Total 27.8 years
Ranked 120th.
29.2 years
Ranked 112th. 5% more than Iran

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 70.62 years
Ranked 147th.
73.03 years
Ranked 124th. 3% more than Iran

Urban and rural > Urban population 53.09 million
Ranked 2nd.
53.32 million
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Iran

Projected population growth 51.52%
Ranked 66th. 10% more than Turkey
46.68%
Ranked 75th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 23.5
Ranked 20th.
24.2
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Iran
Age structure > 15-64 years 71.1%
Ranked 26th. 5% more than Turkey
67.4%
Ranked 87th.

Literacy > Total population 85%
Ranked 153th.
94.1%
Ranked 109th. 11% more than Iran

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 33.6%
Ranked 121st.
38.3%
Ranked 105th. 14% more than Iran
Gender > Women aged 15-49 17.06 million
Ranked 29th. 11% more than Turkey
15.44 million
Ranked 30th.

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.15%
Ranked 101st. 3% more than Turkey
26.26%
Ranked 160th.

Percentage living in urban areas 67%
Ranked 69th. 2% more than Turkey
66%
Ranked 76th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 15 16
Population > CIA Factbook 65.88 million
Ranked 20th.
71.89 million
Ranked 18th. 9% more than Iran

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 69th. The same as Turkey
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 97th.

Percentage living in rural areas. 33%
Ranked 129th.
34%
Ranked 126th. 3% more than Iran
Infant mortality rate > Total 40.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th. 80% more than Turkey
22.23 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 84th.

Age structure > 25-54 years 45.3%
Ranked 36th. 6% more than Turkey
42.7%
Ranked 76th.
Urban and rural > Rural population 23.64 million
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Turkey
21.2 million
Ranked 11th.

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.584
Ranked 130th.
0.608
Ranked 120th. 4% more than Iran

Age structure > 15-24 years 19.8%
Ranked 64th. 16% more than Turkey
17%
Ranked 129th.
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.496
Ranked 41st. 36% more than Turkey
0.366
Ranked 80th.
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 694.61
Ranked 11th.
729.84
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Iran

Rural population 22.59 million
Ranked 25th.
23.57 million
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Iran

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.91
Ranked 131st.
2.08
Ranked 117th. 9% more than Iran

Age structure > 55-64 years 6.1%
Ranked 137th.
7.9%
Ranked 108th. 30% more than Iran
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 18 16
Gender > Female population per thousand people 494.29
Ranked 154th.
508.77
Ranked 54th. 3% more than Iran

Future population > Males 45.89 million
Ranked 18th.
46.21 million
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Iran

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 57th. The same as Turkey
14 years
Ranked 80th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 19.11
Ranked 104th. 10% more than Turkey
17.44
Ranked 112th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 44th. 1% more than Turkey
1.02
Ranked 75th.

Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 41%
Ranked 178th.
49.3%
Ranked 125th. 20% more than Iran
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 46.31 sq. km
Ranked 143th.
94.93 sq. km
Ranked 96th. 2 times more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 712.24
Ranked 22nd. 8% more than Turkey
662.48
Ranked 82nd.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 96% of population
Ranked 40th.
100% of population
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Iran
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 217.69
Ranked 17th. 25% more than Turkey
174.83
Ranked 114th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 17.7%
Ranked 1st. 37% more than Turkey
12.9%
Ranked 8th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 72.24 years
Ranked 154th.
75.07 years
Ranked 130th. 4% more than Iran

Hospital bed density 1.7 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 45th.
2.5 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 41st. 47% more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 73.3%
Ranked 10th. About the same as Turkey
73%
Ranked 7th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 73.3%
Ranked 2nd. About the same as Turkey
73%
Ranked 1st.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 13.4
Ranked 85th. 47% more than Turkey
9.1
Ranked 122nd.
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 309.32
Ranked 21st. 7% more than Turkey
290.25
Ranked 49th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 16
Ranked 29th.
18
Ranked 8th. 13% more than Iran
Urbanization 65
Ranked 79th.
66
Ranked 77th. 2% more than Iran
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 7.5%
Ranked 113th.
11%
Ranked 77th. 47% more than Iran
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.89 male(s)/female
Ranked 46th. 6% more than Turkey
0.84 male(s)/female
Ranked 81st.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 15.1
Ranked 100th. 24% more than Turkey
12.2
Ranked 119th.

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 73.62
Ranked 107th.
100.81
Ranked 77th. 37% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 236.17
Ranked 120th.
267.02
Ranked 103th. 13% more than Iran

Population in largest city 7.31 million
Ranked 20th.
9.71 million
Ranked 16th. 33% more than Iran

Population, total 76.42 million
Ranked 18th. 3% more than Turkey
74 million
Ranked 19th.

Gender ratio > Whole population 97.2%
Ranked 161st.
98.5%
Ranked 148th. 1% more than Iran

Literacy > Female 80.7%
Ranked 5th.
90.3%
Ranked 50th. 12% more than Iran

Life expectancy at birth > Male 69.09 years
Ranked 139th.
71.09 years
Ranked 113th. 3% more than Iran

Net migration -300,001
Ranked 178th.
350,000
Ranked 22nd.

Migration > Refugees 1.93 million
Ranked 1st. 244 times more than Turkey
7,900
Ranked 68th.
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 2.5%
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Turkey
2.2%
Ranked 10th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Rural divorces per million people 276.07
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Turkey
112.02
Ranked 10th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces per thousand people 1.57
Ranked 14th. 7 times more than Turkey
0.227
Ranked 12th.

Maternal mortality rate 21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 134th. 5% more than Turkey
20 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 140th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Female rural population 11.75 million
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Turkey
10.55 million
Ranked 9th.

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.907
Ranked 184th.
1.02
Ranked 65th. 13% more than Iran

Sanitation facility access > Unimproved > Rural 0.0
Ranked 156th.
25% of population
Ranked 92nd.

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.542
Ranked 25th. 81% more than Turkey
0.299
Ranked 71st.
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 31.6
Ranked 107th.
32.6
Ranked 106th. 3% more than Iran

Languages Persian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2% Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 88.04
Ranked 107th.
88.15
Ranked 106th. About the same as Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 690.22
Ranked 13th. 9% more than Turkey
632.17
Ranked 64th.

Rural population per 1000 322.03
Ranked 128th.
347.86
Ranked 121st. 8% more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 15 16
Future population > Females 45.27 million
Ranked 18th.
46.25 million
Ranked 17th. 2% more than Iran

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 270
Ranked 72nd. 4% more than Turkey
260
Ranked 73th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 57th. The same as Turkey
14 years
Ranked 80th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 23%
Ranked 40th. 25% more than Turkey
18.4%
Ranked 63th.

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 8.46
Ranked 109th.
11.22
Ranked 89th. 33% more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 21.4
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Turkey
9.8
Ranked 11th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 33.9%
Ranked 9th. 64% more than Turkey
20.7%
Ranked 32nd.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 505.71
Ranked 38th. 3% more than Turkey
491.23
Ranked 136th.

Housing > Houses with kitchen 19.38 million
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Turkey
18.36 million
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.6%
Ranked 9th. 31% more than Turkey
3.5%
Ranked 12th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 22.1 years
Ranked 15th. About the same as Turkey
22 years
Ranked 4th.
Education expenditures 4.7% of GDP
Ranked 26th. 62% more than Turkey
2.9% of GDP
Ranked 48th.

Number of under-five deaths 26,000
Ranked 44th. 44% more than Turkey
18,000
Ranked 53th.

Number of infant deaths 23,000
Ranked 42nd. 44% more than Turkey
16,000
Ranked 50th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $6,815.57
Ranked 85th.
$10,666.06
Ranked 60th. 56% more than Iran

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 9.16e-07
Ranked 195th.
9.79e-07
Ranked 194th. 7% more than Iran

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 51.59
Ranked 102nd.
70.5
Ranked 77th. 37% more than Iran

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 84
Ranked 138th.
4,944
Ranked 60th. 59 times more than Iran
Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 9 rooms 25,274
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Turkey
9,000
Ranked 7th.
Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population 25,659
Ranked 37th.
37,556
Ranked 27th. 46% more than Iran
Infant mortality rate > Female 39.48 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th. 87% more than Turkey
21.12 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 78th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 5 Sep 1991 14 Sep 1990
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 16.2%
Ranked 1st. 34% more than Turkey
12.1%
Ranked 5th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 72.3%
Ranked 11th. 5% more than Turkey
68.6%
Ranked 55th.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 7
Ranked 12th. The same as Turkey
7
Ranked 13th.
Gender ratio > Babies 95.3%
Ranked 111th.
96%
Ranked 77th. 1% more than Iran

Urban population per 1000 650.87
Ranked 70th.
715.94
Ranked 53th. 10% more than Iran

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 20%
Ranked 1st. 39% more than Turkey
14.4%
Ranked 7th.
Urban and rural > Male rural population 11.89 million
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Turkey
10.65 million
Ranked 8th.

Urban and rural > Female urban population 26.02 million
Ranked 1st.
26.54 million
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Iran

Urban and rural > Male urban population 27.07 million
Ranked 1st. 1% more than Turkey
26.78 million
Ranked 2nd.

Median age > Both sexes 27.6
Ranked 114th.
28.1
Ranked 110th. 2% more than Iran
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.71 million
Ranked 26th.
2.31 million
Ranked 19th. 35% more than Iran

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 7.55 million
Ranked 23th.
8.94 million
Ranked 17th. 18% more than Iran

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population TEHRAN (capital) 7.19 million; Mashhad 2.592 million; Esfahan 1.704 million; Karaj 1.531 million; Tabriz 1.459 million Istanbul 10.378 million; ANKARA (capital) 3.846 million; Izmir 2.679 million; Bursa 1.559 million; Adana 1.339 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 13 years
Ranked 78th. 8% more than Turkey
12 years
Ranked 129th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.107 per capita
Ranked 75th.
0.135 per capita
Ranked 64th. 26% more than Iran

Infant mortality rate > Male 40.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 61st. 74% more than Turkey
23.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 89th.

Literacy > Male 89.3%
Ranked 142nd.
97.9%
Ranked 77th. 10% more than Iran

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 3
Ranked 12th. The same as Turkey
3
Ranked 17th.
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Urban 3% of population
Ranked 82nd.
0.0
Ranked 151st.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than Turkey
90% of population
Ranked 58th.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 20.2%
Ranked 46th. 18% more than Turkey
17.1%
Ranked 60th.

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.301
Ranked 89th. 39% more than Turkey
0.216
Ranked 100th.

Total Population per capita 0.979
Ranked 144th.
1.04
Ranked 57th. 6% more than Iran
Gender ratio > Urban population 94.9%
Ranked 46th.
96.2%
Ranked 55th. 1% more than Iran

Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 1.9%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Turkey
1.7%
Ranked 8th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5.4%
Ranked 115th.
7%
Ranked 89th. 30% more than Iran

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 103.88
Ranked 141st.
127.02
Ranked 120th. 22% more than Iran

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population 1.6 million
Ranked 8th. The same as Turkey
1.6 million
Ranked 9th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 1.5%
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Turkey
0.3%
Ranked 63th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 24%
Ranked 42nd. 6 times more than Turkey
4%
Ranked 141st.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 22nd. The same as Turkey
18
Ranked 14th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 102.8
Ranked 172nd.
120.2
Ranked 111th. 17% more than Iran

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 100.1
Ranked 187th.
135.9
Ranked 143th. 36% more than Iran

Religions Muslim (official) 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2% Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Drinking water source > Unimproved > Rural 8% of population
Ranked 103th. 8 times more than Turkey
1% of population
Ranked 150th.
Urban population > Per capita 0.669 per capita
Ranked 66th.
0.673 per capita
Ranked 65th. 1% more than Iran

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 155.99
Ranked 114th. 4% more than Turkey
149.94
Ranked 118th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.669
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Turkey
0.299
Ranked 106th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 4.39
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Turkey
1.55
Ranked 72nd.

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 15.85 million
Ranked 15th.
18.43 million
Ranked 12th. 16% more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces 116,643
Ranked 2nd. 12 times more than Turkey
9,733
Ranked 7th.

Gender development 0.703
Ranked 81st.
0.734
Ranked 69th. 4% more than Iran
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 6%
Ranked 13th.
14.3%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Iran

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 73.3%
Ranked 10th. About the same as Turkey
73%
Ranked 7th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 54th. The same as Turkey
14 years
Ranked 72nd.
Median age > Male 27.5 years
Ranked 121st.
28.8 years
Ranked 110th. 5% more than Iran

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Turkey
13 years
Ranked 27th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 14 years
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Turkey
13 years
Ranked 26th.
Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 94.9
Ranked 46th.
96.2
Ranked 55th. 1% more than Iran

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 99.4
Ranked 27th.
99.7
Ranked 30th. About the same as Iran

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 3.5%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than Turkey
3%
Ranked 8th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 22.3%
Ranked 146th.
24.4%
Ranked 134th. 9% more than Iran

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 25.25
Ranked 120th.
39.16
Ranked 79th. 55% more than Iran

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 323.73
Ranked 96th.
344.69
Ranked 49th. 6% more than Iran

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.83 million
Ranked 29th.
2.76 million
Ranked 22nd. 50% more than Iran

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 51%
Ranked 21st. 5 times more than Turkey
10%
Ranked 123th.
Immigration > Country of birth of Australian resident population per thousand people 0.362
Ranked 39th.
0.547
Ranked 36th. 51% more than Iran
Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room 794,677
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Turkey
189,000
Ranked 6th.
Female population > Age 15-19 3.93 million
Ranked 14th. 22% more than Turkey
3.23 million
Ranked 17th.
Median age > Female 28.1 years
Ranked 120th.
29.6 years
Ranked 109th. 5% more than Iran

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 1,703.7
Ranked 111th.
3,107.09
Ranked 83th. 82% more than Iran

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Germany, nationalised foreigners 2,728
Ranked 7th.
28,103
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Iran

Cities > Rate of urbanization 2.1%
Ranked 90th. 11% more than Turkey
1.9%
Ranked 100th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 9th. 3% more than Turkey
97% of population
Ranked 68th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 302.27
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Turkey
272.35
Ranked 38th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 18.5
Ranked 106th. 19% more than Turkey
15.6
Ranked 119th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page ). 17 with parental consent, 16 in special circumstances with court approval.
Future population > Males per thousand people 504.9
Ranked 57th.
542.01
Ranked 23th. 7% more than Iran
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa required eVisa
International migrant stock, total 2.13 million
Ranked 24th. 51% more than Turkey
1.41 million
Ranked 32nd.

International migrant stock, total per 1000 28.59
Ranked 120th. 46% more than Turkey
19.56
Ranked 142nd.

Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 76
Ranked 99th. 9% more than Turkey
70
Ranked 101st.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 12,000
Ranked 30th.
21,000
Ranked 24th. 75% more than Iran

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 2,400
Ranked 48th. 9% more than Turkey
2,200
Ranked 53th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 18,861
Ranked 10th. 11% more than Turkey
17,004
Ranked 13th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.00976
Ranked 118th. 2 times more than Turkey
0.00453
Ranked 128th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 18
Ranked 133th.
69
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Iran
Migration > Refugees per 1000 34.27
Ranked 16th. 234 times more than Turkey
0.146
Ranked 87th.
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.3%
Ranked 10th. 50% more than Turkey
0.2%
Ranked 19th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 23.58
Ranked 105th.
32.79
Ranked 74th. 39% more than Iran

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 7.16 million
Ranked 23th.
8.61 million
Ranked 18th. 20% more than Iran

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 70%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Turkey
31%
Ranked 121st.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 92,090
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Turkey
21,580
Ranked 51st.
Total Population > Female 33.7 million
Ranked 18th.
34.86 million
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Iran
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 37
Ranked 100th.
130
Ranked 64th. 4 times more than Iran
Future population > Females per thousand people 492.6
Ranked 130th.
535.15
Ranked 27th. 9% more than Iran
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 102.8%
Ranked 172nd.
120.2%
Ranked 111th. 17% more than Iran

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 100.1
Ranked 187th.
135.9
Ranked 143th. 36% more than Iran

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 99.3
Ranked 182nd.
123.2
Ranked 119th. 24% more than Iran

Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 59.62
Ranked 39th. 21% more than Turkey
49.2
Ranked 105th.
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 98.29
Ranked 104th. 5% more than Turkey
93.77
Ranked 108th.
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 39.75
Ranked 49th.
42.8
Ranked 21st. 8% more than Iran
Male population > Age 25-29 3.72 million
Ranked 14th. 14% more than Turkey
3.26 million
Ranked 16th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 56
Ranked 53th. 18% more than Turkey
47.62
Ranked 104th.
Female population > Age 25-29 3.47 million
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Turkey
3.19 million
Ranked 16th.
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 47.8
Ranked 104th. 4% more than Turkey
46.07
Ranked 107th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 115.61
Ranked 44th. 19% more than Turkey
96.81
Ranked 105th.
Age dependency ratio, young > % of working-age population 33.32%
Ranked 119th.
38.96%
Ranked 104th. 17% more than Iran

Rural population > % of total population 30.77%
Ranked 135th. 11% more than Turkey
27.67%
Ranked 143th.

Total population > Age 65-69 1.1 million
Ranked 27th.
1.74 million
Ranked 19th. 57% more than Iran
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 66.77%
Ranked 58th. 2% more than Turkey
65.7%
Ranked 72nd.

Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 9 rooms per thousand people 0.335
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Turkey
0.123
Ranked 14th.
Total population > Age 30-34 5.73 million
Ranked 16th.
5.91 million
Ranked 15th. 3% more than Iran
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 10.04
Ranked 104th. 11% more than Turkey
9.02
Ranked 128th.
Housing > Urban houses with kitchen 14.68 million
Ranked 1st. 7% more than Turkey
13.77 million
Ranked 2nd.
Female population > Age 75-79 per 1000 5.06
Ranked 114th.
7.31
Ranked 83th. 45% more than Iran
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Australian citizens > Conditions of access Visa on arrival visa on arrival
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 98.61
Ranked 141st.
122.34
Ranked 120th. 24% more than Iran

Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 74
Ranked 26th. 16% more than Turkey
64
Ranked 50th.
Total population > Age 55-59 1.92 million
Ranked 26th.
2.48 million
Ranked 21st. 29% more than Iran
Female population > Age 40-44 1.98 million
Ranked 22nd.
2.35 million
Ranked 18th. 19% more than Iran
Male population > Age 15-19 4.18 million
Ranked 13th. 25% more than Turkey
3.33 million
Ranked 17th.
HIV/AIDS > Deaths 6400 fewer than 200
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.15
Ranked 75th. 1% more than Turkey
0.149
Ranked 77th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 331.55
Ranked 81st.
355.74
Ranked 34th. 7% more than Iran

Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 64.3
Ranked 5th. 29% more than Turkey
49.99
Ranked 67th.
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 3.06%
Ranked 23th. 22 times more than Turkey
0.137%
Ranked 97th.
Housing > Houses with kitchen per thousand people 256.99
Ranked 10th. 2% more than Turkey
251.25
Ranked 11th.
Male population > Age 35-39 2.38 million
Ranked 19th.
2.84 million
Ranked 15th. 19% more than Iran
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 per million people 0.0877
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Turkey
0.0867
Ranked 62nd.
Labor participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15+ 44.8%
Ranked 174th.
49.4%
Ranked 166th. 10% more than Iran

Total population > Age 10-14 6.9 million
Ranked 16th. 9% more than Turkey
6.35 million
Ranked 17th.
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 886,468
Ranked 5th. 61 times more than Turkey
14,465
Ranked 61st.

Rural population growth > Annual % -0.24%
Ranked 133th.
-0.3%
Ranked 138th. 25% more than Iran

Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 12.71
Ranked 2nd. 34% more than Turkey
9.48
Ranked 72nd.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 24.09 million
Ranked 18th.
25.03 million
Ranked 17th. 4% more than Iran

Population in the largest city > % of urban population 16.02%
Ranked 97th.
20.02%
Ranked 87th. 25% more than Iran

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 23.52 million
Ranked 18th.
24.25 million
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Iran

Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.42
Ranked 136th.
1.78
Ranked 102nd. 25% more than Iran
Female population > Age 65-69 558,925
Ranked 28th.
904,763
Ranked 21st. 62% more than Iran
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 4.29
Ranked 30th. About the same as Turkey
4.27
Ranked 33th.
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million > Per capita 0.232 per capita
Ranked 44th.
0.256 per capita
Ranked 37th. 10% more than Iran

Female population > Age 70-74 498,914
Ranked 28th.
723,214
Ranked 20th. 45% more than Iran
Female population > Age 60-64 700,508
Ranked 27th.
1.02 million
Ranked 20th. 45% more than Iran
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 10.47
Ranked 5th. 14% more than Turkey
9.16
Ranked 20th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 3.91
Ranked 82nd.
4.67
Ranked 69th. 20% more than Iran
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.72
Ranked 24th. 25% more than Turkey
4.58
Ranked 118th.
Male population > Age 30-34 2.94 million
Ranked 16th.
3.01 million
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Iran
GDP per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $3,104.61
Ranked 101st.
$8,492.61
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Iran

Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 101.63%
Ranked 18th.
102.21%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Iran

Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 102.79%
Ranked 14th.
102.81%
Ranked 21st. The same as Iran

Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 100%
Ranked 8th. The same as Turkey
100%
Ranked 1st.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Australian Bureau of Statistics, "Migration, Australia, 2011-12 and 2012-13" (XLS), "Estimated resident population, Country of birth, State/territory, Age and sex - 30 June 2011", 18 December 2013; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Food and Agriculture Organization; http://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/DE/Publikationen/Migrationsberichte/migrationsbericht-2012.pdf?__blob=publicationFile, Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge, table 8.4, p. 239. ; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for British citizens (Visa requirements); United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF; https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Rv2hLhme008J:www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf+world+jewish+population+2010&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShFmlEo2XYeBjYVUGgz_STm8ZXvaFqIMHdpfxUC8uWpDuLqb9l7GvJbF2piXHqxgDaGkOY3jfCA_RkpUlKLSByoSQC3cLV-5LcpxgXggqUIYwzK9hdfmwVv4Sz0BdeFMxJ_-2To&sig=AHIEtbT5tVUek4PSi_N_5f0Dwe-11sBzMg, Number 2 - 2010. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Sergio DellaPergola. p. 60.; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank staff estimates; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Australian citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database: www.emdat.be, Universitxe9 Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium), World Bank.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. 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