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Compare key data on Iran & Turkey

Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes): Suicides per 100’000 residents per year.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Military > Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Health > Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Crime > Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Health > Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Military > Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Military > Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Military > Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Military > Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Military > Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Education > College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Military > Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts: Same-sex sexual activity.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded: Temperature.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • Crime > Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Transport > Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Transport > Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Transport > Road > Expressway length: Expressway length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users (per 100 people). Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Domestic violence amongst Muslims: Information on and estimates of prevalence of various forms of domestic violence in Muslim-majority countries.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Religion > Christianity > Percent Christian: Percentage of population that is Christian.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Media > Personal computers per 1000: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Culture > World Heritage Sites: Cultural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Sports > Chess > GrandMasters: Number of GrandMaster chess champions, by country. A GrandMaster is the highest level of recognition in chess.
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Environment > Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$: Industry, value added (current US$). Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Government > National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Geography > Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Labor > GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year: This list compares the average annual consumption of cigarettes per adult in countries around the world. Ten european countries top the list, all located at the East of the continent, with the exception of Greece. Developed asian countries like China, South Korea and Japan also register high cigarette consumption, while Africa hosts the countries with less consumption.
  • Environment > Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000: Telephone lines. Telephone lines are fixed telephone lines that connect a subscriber's terminal equipment to the public switched telephone network and that have a port on a telephone exchange. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Industry > Car > Production: OICA defines passenger cars as motor vehicles used for transporting passengers with at least four wheels and containing 8 seats or less.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Economy > Exports > Main exports: Country main exports.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Religion > Shia Islam population > Number of Shia muslims: Estimated population of Shi'a Muslims around the world.
  • Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are expressed constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Televisions: The total number of televisions
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita: The total number of main telephone lines in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Grains > Wheat > Consumption: Figures for 2003/2004
  • Education > College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Education > School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Language > Linguistic diversity index: LDI.
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Geography > Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Iran Turkey HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $447.61
Ranked 110th.
$756.06
Ranked 71st. 69% more than Iran
Crime > Crime levels 54.87
Ranked 33th. 53% more than Turkey
35.81
Ranked 61st.
Crime > Murder rate 2.6 3.8
Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 2,215
Ranked 21st.
2,320
Ranked 38th. 5% more than Iran

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 30.12
Ranked 61st.
32.97
Ranked 107th. 9% more than Iran

Economy > GDP $514.06 billion
Ranked 24th.
$789.26 billion
Ranked 18th. 54% more than Iran

Economy > GDP per capita $6,815.57
Ranked 84th.
$10,666.06
Ranked 58th. 56% more than Iran

Economy > Population below poverty line 18%
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Turkey
16.9%
Ranked 31st.

Geography > Land area > Square miles 636,313 square miles
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Turkey
300,948 square miles
Ranked 11th.
Government > Government type theocratic republic republican parliamentary democracy
Government > Legal system Shia Islamic law civil law system based on various European legal systems notably the Swiss civil code(ECHR), although Turkey claims limited derogations on the ratified European Convention on Human Rights
Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 24th.
1.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Iran

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 407
Ranked 1st.
465
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Iran
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.75%
Ranked 139th. 4% more than Turkey
14.18%
Ranked 166th.

People > Population 79.85 million
Ranked 18th.
80.69 million
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Iran

Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.88%
Ranked 79th. 3% more than Turkey
1.83%
Ranked 146th.

Geography > Area > Comparative slightly smaller than Alaska slightly larger than Texas
Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 7.3
Ranked 76th.
12.5
Ranked 51st. 71% more than Iran
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility 9
Ranked 46th.
12
Ranked 32nd. 33% more than Iran
Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -2.4% of GDP
Ranked 79th. 14% more than Turkey
-2.1% of GDP
Ranked 75th.

Geography > Climate mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes) 5
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than Turkey
3.62
Ranked 10th.
Geography > Area > Land 1.64 million sq km
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Turkey
770,760 sq km
Ranked 37th.

Government > Legislative branch unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly or Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami or Majles unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi
Geography > Geographic coordinates 32 00 N, 53 00 E 39 00 N, 35 00 E
Religion > Religions Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2% Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 29.12
Ranked 101st.
53.17
Ranked 52nd. 83% more than Iran
People > Population > Population growth, past and future -0.165
Ranked 119th.
-0.335
Ranked 166th. 2 times more than Iran

Military > Army > Main battle tanks 2,895
Ranked 1st.
3,763
Ranked 2nd. 30% more than Iran
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $3.00
Ranked 72nd.
$4.03
Ranked 54th. 34% more than Iran
Environment > Marine fish catch 233,495 tons
Ranked 39th.
533,593 tons
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Iran
Economy > Unemployment rate 15.5%
Ranked 19th. 68% more than Turkey
9.2%
Ranked 44th.

Health > Human height > Average female height 1.572 m (5 ft 2 in) 1.564 m (5 ft 1 ⁄ 2 in)
People > Ethnic groups Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1% Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12%
Government > Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
Geography > Area > Total 1.65 million sq km
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Turkey
783,562 sq km
Ranked 38th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.25%
Ranked 145th. 3% more than Turkey
9.91%
Ranked 168th.

Government > Constitution previous 1906; latest adopted 24 October 1979, effective 3 December 1979; amended 1989 7 November 1982; amended several times
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 16.1 million hectares
Ranked 11th.
23.83 million hectares
Ranked 6th. 48% more than Iran

Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use 4.2%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
1.9%
Ranked 8th.
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage The minimum wage was raised to 487,125 Iranian tomans (165$) (equal to 4,871,250 rials ) effective on the 2013 Persian New year ; set annually for each industrial sector and region. The standard workweek is 44 hours, and any work over 48 entitles the worker to overtime. 1071 Turkish lira per month.
Government > Judicial branch The Supreme Court (Qeveh Qazaieh) and the four-member High Council of the Judiciary have a single head and overlapping responsibilities; together they supervise the enforcement of all laws and establish judicial and legal policies; lower courts include a special clerical court, a revolutionary court, and a special administrative court Constitutional Court; High Court of Appeals (Yargitay); Council of State (Danistay); Court of Accounts (Sayistay); Military High Court of Appeals; Military High Administrative Court
Education > Children out of school, primary 3,468
Ranked 54th.
243,731
Ranked 22nd. 70 times more than Iran

Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 200
Ranked 72nd. 39% more than Turkey
144
Ranked 93th.
Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $11,596.47
Ranked 73th.
$13,284.34
Ranked 66th. 15% more than Iran

People > Birth rate 18.4 births/1,000 population
Ranked 106th. 7% more than Turkey
17.22 births/1,000 population
Ranked 110th.

Crime > Drugs > Opiates use 2.26%
Ranked 1st. 45 times more than Turkey
0.05%
Ranked 13th.
People > Population growth -0.165%
Ranked 119th.
-0.335%
Ranked 166th. 2 times more than Iran

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 20.49
Ranked 69th.
27.75
Ranked 49th. 35% more than Iran

Economy > Budget > Revenues $79.69 billion
Ranked 38th.
$185.10 billion
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Iran

People > Age distribution > Median age 48.34 years
Ranked 48th.
49.35 years
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than Iran

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $13,000.00
Ranked 73th.
$14,800.00
Ranked 67th. 14% more than Iran

Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 2,014
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Turkey
1,984
Ranked 14th.
Government > Political parties and leaders <strong>note: </strong>formal political parties are a relatively new phenomenon in Iran and most conservatives still prefer to work through political pressure groups rather than parties; often political parties or coalitions are formed prior to elections and disbanded soon thereafter; a loose pro-reform coalition called the 2nd Khordad Front, which includes political parties as well as less formal groups and organizations, achieved considerable success in elections for the sixth Majles in early 2000; groups in the coalition included the Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF), Executives of Construction Party (Kargozaran), Solidarity Party, Islamic Labor Party, Mardom Salari, Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), and Militant Clerics Society (MCS; Ruhaniyun); the coalition participated in the seventh Majles elections in early 2004 but boycotted them after 80 incumbent reformists were disqualified; following his defeat in the 2005 presidential elections, former MCS Secretary General and sixth Majles Speaker Mehdi KARUBI formed the National Trust Party; a new conservative group, Islamic Iran Developers Coalition (Abadgaran), took a leading position in the new Majles after winning a majority of the seats in February 2004; ahead of the 2008 Majles elections, traditional and hardline conservatives attempted to close ranks under the United Front of Principlists and the Broad Popular Coalition of Principlists; several reformist groups, such as the MIRO and the IIPF, also came together as a reformist coalition in advance of the 2008 Majles elections; the IIPF has repeatedly complained that the overwhelming majority of its candidates were unfairly disqualified from the 2008 elections Democratic Left Party or DSP [Masum TURKER]<br />Democratic Party or DP [Namik Kemal ZEYBEK]<br />Equality and Democracy Party or EDP [Ziva HALIS]<br />Felicity Party or SP [Mustafa KAMALAK] (sometimes translated as Contentment Party)<br />Freedom and Solidarity Party or ODP [Alper TAS]<br />Grand Unity Party or BBP [Yalcin TOPCU]<br />Justice and Development Party or AKP [Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN]<br />Nationalist Movement Party or MHP [Devlet BAHCELI]<br />Peace and Democracy Party or BDP [Selahattin DEMIRTAS]<br />Republican People's Party or CHP [Kemal KILICDAROGLU]<br />Turkey Party or TP [Abdullatif SENER]<br />
Health > Human height > Average male height 1.703 m (5 ft 7 in) N/A
Economy > Economy > Overview Iran's economy is marked by statist policies and an inefficient state sector, which create major distortions throughout the system, and reliance on oil, which provides a large share of government revenues. Price controls, subsidies, and other rigidities weigh down the economy, undermining the potential for private-sector-led growth. Private sector activity is typically limited to small-scale workshops, farming, some manufacturing, and services. Significant informal market activity flourishes and corruption is widespread. Tehran since the early 1990s has recognized the need to reduce these inefficiencies, and in December 2010 the Majles passed President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD's Targeted Subsidies Law (TSL) to reduce state subsidies on food and energy. This was the most extensive economic reform since the government implemented gasoline rationing in 2007. Over a five-year period the legislation sought to phase out subsidies that previously cost Tehran $60-$100 billion annually and mostly benefited Iran''s upper and middle classes. Cash payouts of $45 per person to more than 90% of Iranian households mitigated initial widespread resistance to the TSL program. However, inflation in 2012 reached its highest level in four years, eroding the value of these cash payouts and motivating the Majles to halt planned price increases for the second half of 2012 through at least March 2013. New fiscal and monetary constraints on Tehran, following international sanctions in January against Iran''s Central Bank and oil exports, significantly reduced Iran''s oil revenue, forced government spending cuts, and fueled a 20% currency depreciation. Economic growth turned negative for the first time in two decades. Iran also continues to suffer from double-digit unemployment and underemployment. Underemployment among Iran''s educated youth has convinced many to seek jobs overseas, resulting in a significant "brain drain." Turkey's largely free-market economy is increasingly driven by its industry and service sectors, although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. An aggressive privatization program has reduced state involvement in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication, and an emerging cadre of middle-class entrepreneurs is adding dynamism to the economy and expanding production beyond the traditional textiles and clothing sectors. The automotive, construction, and electronics industries, are rising in importance and have surpassed textiles within Turkey's export mix. Oil began to flow through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in May 2006, marking a major milestone that will bring up to 1 million barrels per day from the Caspian to market. Several gas pipelines projects also are moving forward to help transport Central Asian gas to Europe through Turkey, which over the long term will help address Turkey's dependence on imported oil and gas to meet 97% of its energy needs. After Turkey experienced a severe financial crisis in 2001, Ankara adopted financial and fiscal reforms as part of an IMF program. The reforms strengthened the country's economic fundamentals and ushered in an era of strong growth - averaging more than 6% annually until 2008. Global economic conditions and tighter fiscal policy caused GDP to contract in 2009, but Turkey's well-regulated financial markets and banking system helped the country weather the global financial crisis and GDP rebounded strongly to 9.2% in 2010, as exports returned to normal levels following the recession. Growth dropped to approximately 3% in 2012. Turkey's public sector debt to GDP ratio has fallen to about 40%, and at least one rating agency upgraded Turkey's debt to investment grade in 2012. Turkey remains dependent on often volatile, short-term investment to finance its large trade deficit. The stock value of FDI stood at $117 billion at year-end 2012. Inflows have slowed because of continuing economic turmoil in Europe, the source of much of Turkey's FDI. Turkey's relatively high current account deficit, uncertainty related to monetary policy-making, and political turmoil within Turkey's neighborhood leave the economy vulnerable to destabilizing shifts in investor confidence.
Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 30.12
Ranked 61st.
32.97
Ranked 107th. 9% more than Iran

Economy > Exports $67.04 billion
Ranked 51st.
$163.30 billion
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than Iran

Crime > Violent crime > Murders 2,215
Ranked 21st.
2,320
Ranked 38th. 5% more than Iran

Government > Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers selected by the president with legislative approval; the Supreme Leader has some control over appointments to the more sensitive ministries Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister
Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 1.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 55th.
2.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 63% more than Iran

People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 1.89
Ranked 37th. 14% more than Turkey
1.67
Ranked 21st.

Education > Compulsary education duration 8
Ranked 82nd. The same as Turkey
8
Ranked 157th.

People > Gender > Female population 46.54 million
Ranked 26th. 6% more than Turkey
43.73 million
Ranked 27th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 13.92 million
Ranked 29th. 14% more than Turkey
12.26 million
Ranked 35th.

Military > Budget 10 US$ BN
Ranked 2nd.
25 US$ BN
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Iran
Economy > GDP > Per capita $11,665.58 per capita
Ranked 67th.
$12,998.66 per capita
Ranked 31st. 11% more than Iran

Agriculture > Rural population 21,179
Ranked 152nd.
22,955
Ranked 142nd. 8% more than Iran

Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 2,160.44 kWh per capita
Ranked 80th.
2,755.49 kWh per capita
Ranked 12th. 28% more than Iran

People > Death rate 5.94 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 165th.
6.11 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 160th. 3% more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $0.39
Ranked 139th.
$0.49
Ranked 132nd. 26% more than Iran
Environment > Ecological footprint 2.47
Ranked 63th.
2.6
Ranked 16th. 5% more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $0.49
Ranked 130th.
$0.50
Ranked 129th. 2% more than Iran
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders <strong>groups that generally support the Islamic Republic: </strong><br />Ansar-e Hizballah-<br />Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader<br />Islamic Coalition Party (Motalefeh)<br />Islamic Engineers Society<br />Tehran Militant Clergy Association (MCA; Ruhaniyat)<br /><br /><strong>active pro-reform student group:</strong><br />Office of Strengthening Unity (OSU)<br /><br /><strong>opposition groups:</strong><br />Freedom Movement of Iran<br />Green Path movement [Mehdi KARUBI, Mir-Hosein MUSAVI]<br />Marz-e Por Gohar<br />National Front<br />various ethnic and monarchist organizations<br /><br /><strong>armed political groups repressed by the government:</strong><br />Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (KDPI)<br />Jundallah<br />Komala<br />Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO)<br />People's Fedayeen<br />People's Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK) Confederation of Businessmen and Industrialists of Turkey or TUSKON [Rizanur MERAL]<br />Confederation of Public Sector Unions or KESK [Lami OZGEN]<br />Confederation of Revolutionary Workers Unions or DISK [Tayfun GORGUN]<br />Independent Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association or MUSIAD [Omer Cihad VARDAN]<br />Moral Rights Workers Union or Hak-Is [Mahmut ARSLAN]<br />Turkish Confederation of Employers' Unions or TISK [Tugrul KUDATGOBILIK]<br />Turkish Confederation of Labor or Turk-Is [Mustafa KUMLU]<br />Turkish Confederation of Tradesmen and Craftsmen or TESK [Bendevi PALANDOKEN]<br />Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association or TUSIAD [Umit BOYNER]<br />Turkish Union of Chambers of Commerce and Commodity Exchanges or TOBB [M. Rifat HISARCIKLIOGLU]
Geography > Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $415.43
Ranked 87th.
$1,658.75
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Iran

Energy > Electricity > Consumption 182.7 billion kWh
Ranked 11th. 7% more than Turkey
170.4 billion kWh
Ranked 12th.

People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 84.05%
Ranked 44th.
85.25%
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Iran

Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 1.65 million km²
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Turkey
783,560 km²
Ranked 36th.

People > Population growth rate 1.24%
Ranked 94th. 7% more than Turkey
1.16%
Ranked 100th.

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 24.84 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Turkey
10.72 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 122nd.

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 455.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.
870.96 per 1,000 people
Ranked 55th. 91% more than Iran

Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 489,570 sq. km
Ranked 21st. 28% more than Turkey
382,470 sq. km
Ranked 31st.

Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.0454
Ranked 64th.
3.34
Ranked 65th. 74 times more than Iran

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 73.45
Ranked 97th.
74.54
Ranked 78th. 1% more than Iran

Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 256.77
Ranked 130th.
446.01
Ranked 95th. 74% more than Iran

Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 2,648.84
Ranked 68th.
2,709.26
Ranked 67th. 2% more than Iran

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $53.35
Ranked 122nd.
$95.89
Ranked 81st. 80% more than Iran
Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 74.67
Ranked 21st. 38% more than Turkey
54.13
Ranked 73th.
Military > Personnel > Per capita 8.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th. About the same as Turkey
8.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.233
Ranked 63th.
0.281
Ranked 43th. 21% more than Iran

Agriculture > Agricultural growth 123
Ranked 48th. 23% more than Turkey
100
Ranked 150th.

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 18.15
Ranked 76th.
25.45
Ranked 56th. 40% more than Iran
Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 18.8 CIA
Ranked 128th.
35.5 CIA
Ranked 100th. 89% more than Iran
Media > Internet users 8.21 million
Ranked 35th.
35 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Iran

Economy > Public debt 18.4% of GDP
Ranked 128th.
37.6% of GDP
Ranked 94th. 2 times more than Iran

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 19.9%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Turkey
8.9%
Ranked 34th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 31.31
Ranked 4th. 44% more than Turkey
21.76
Ranked 9th.

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 40.46
Ranked 62nd.
55.91
Ranked 39th. 38% more than Iran
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $29.83 billion
Ranked 39th.
$122.74 billion
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Iran

Language > Languages Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2% Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian; <i>note:</i> there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the European part of Turkey
Transport > Road network length > Km
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 44.1%
Ranked 149th.
63.8%
Ranked 79th. 45% more than Iran
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 9.67 million
Ranked 29th. 13% more than Turkey
8.56 million
Ranked 32nd.

Military > Battle-related deaths > Number of people 190
Ranked 19th.
542
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Iran

Economy > Exports per capita $877.21
Ranked 107th.
$2,206.84
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Iran

Media > Personal computers > Per capita 109.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than Turkey
52.05 per 1,000 people
Ranked 84th.

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 228
Ranked 159th.
593
Ranked 131st. 3 times more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $0.97
Ranked 118th. 7% more than Turkey
$0.91
Ranked 126th.
Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $2.50
Ranked 142nd.
$6.27
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Iran
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 36.61%
Ranked 49th.
37.77%
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Iran

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $109.21
Ranked 36th. 72% more than Turkey
$63.46
Ranked 127th.
Government > Administrative divisions 31 provinces (ostanha, singular - ostan); Alborz, Ardabil, Azarbayjan-e Gharbi (West Azerbaijan), Azarbayjan-e Sharqi (East Azerbaijan), Bushehr, Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamadan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khorasan-e Jonubi (South Khorasan), Khorasan-e Razavi (Razavi Khorasan), Khorasan-e Shomali (North Khorasan), Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh va Bowyer Ahmad, Kordestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Semnan, Sistan va Baluchestan, Tehran, Yazd, Zanjan 81 provinces (iller, singular - ili); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyonkarahisar, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir (Smyrna), Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon (Trebizond), Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 20.3
Ranked 71st. 55% more than Turkey
13.12
Ranked 112th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 51.25 million
Ranked 28th. 10% more than Turkey
46.67 million
Ranked 30th.

Education > Literacy > Total population 79.4%
Ranked 110th.
87.4%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Iran

Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index 48.6
Ranked 5th.
59.66
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than Iran
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 4.57 million
Ranked 29th. 14% more than Turkey
4.01 million
Ranked 35th.

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 19.4%
Ranked 97th.
27.8%
Ranked 34th. 43% more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $1.95
Ranked 92nd. 1% more than Turkey
$1.94
Ranked 93th.
Education > College and university > Gender parity index 1.01
Ranked 57th. 24% more than Turkey
0.82
Ranked 93th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $1,058.20
Ranked 65th. 62% more than Turkey
$651.81
Ranked 111th.
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 44.5
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Turkey
40.2
Ranked 12th.

Religion > Religions > All Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2% Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $30,000.00
Ranked 35th. 49% more than Turkey
$20,141.44
Ranked 93th.
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 5
Ranked 152nd. The same as Turkey
5
Ranked 174th.

Military > Global Peace Index 2.47
Ranked 26th. 1% more than Turkey
2.44
Ranked 2nd.

Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 31st. The same as Turkey
7
Ranked 77th.

Military > Navy > Corvette warships 2
Ranked 2nd.
9
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Iran
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 199.79 billion
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Turkey
197.94 billion
Ranked 20th.

Media > Televisions per 1000 67.26
Ranked 127th.
316.96
Ranked 56th. 5 times more than Iran
Health > Births and maternity > Future births 915.47
Ranked 29th. 14% more than Turkey
804.16
Ranked 35th.

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 24.28 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Turkey
9.51 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 44th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.63%
Ranked 153th. 1% more than Turkey
48.05%
Ranked 163th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female 112,387
Ranked 26th.
139,953
Ranked 17th. 25% more than Iran

People > Population in 2015 79,917 thousand
Ranked 18th.
82,640 thousand
Ranked 16th. 3% more than Iran
Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 28.4
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Turkey
28
Ranked 47th.

Geography > Terrain rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 70.06 years
Ranked 142nd.
72.5 years
Ranked 122nd. 3% more than Iran

Transport > Road > Motorway length 751 km
Ranked 47th.
2,100 km
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Iran
Military > Paramilitary personnel 1.51 million
Ranked 1st. 33 times more than Turkey
45,181
Ranked 1st.
Military > Service age and obligation 19 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 17 years of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 years of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); conscript military service obligation - 18 months; women exempt from military service 20 years of age
Geography > Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Health > Quality of health care system > Cost 45.83
Ranked 4th.
56.4
Ranked 2nd. 23% more than Iran
Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 3.71%
Ranked 8th. 30% more than Turkey
2.86%
Ranked 93th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% agriculture 35.9%, industry 22.8%, services 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004)
Economy > Human Development Index 0.736
Ranked 98th.
0.75
Ranked 93th. 2% more than Iran
Labor > Unemployment rate 14.6%
Ranked 9th. 18% more than Turkey
12.4%
Ranked 18th.

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 3.78
Ranked 93th.
3.98
Ranked 72nd. 5% more than Iran

People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 5.25
Ranked 168th.
5.73
Ranked 157th. 9% more than Iran

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 89.51
Ranked 1st. 25% more than Turkey
71.55
Ranked 14th.
Media > Households with television 76.58%
Ranked 75th.
92.19%
Ranked 24th. 20% more than Iran

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 14.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 126th.
18.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 102nd. 30% more than Iran

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 5.63
Ranked 17th. 8% more than Turkey
5.24
Ranked 19th.
Culture > Happy Planet Index 42.1
Ranked 81st.
47.6
Ranked 44th. 13% more than Iran

Government > Executive branch > Head of government President Hasan Fereidun RUHANI (since 3 August 2013); First Vice President Mohammad Reza RAHIMI (since 13 September 2009) Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since 14 March 2003)
Geography > Coastline 2,440 km
Ranked 52nd.
7,200 km
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Iran

Labor > Labor force 25.7 million
Ranked 21st. 4% more than Turkey
24.73 million
Ranked 23th.

Environment > Current issues air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic
Energy > Oil > Consumption 1.81 million bbl/day
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Turkey
579,500 bbl/day
Ranked 25th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 75.43
Ranked 104th.
78.09
Ranked 67th. 4% more than Iran

Military > Army > Attack helicopters 100
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
36
Ranked 9th.
Education > College and university > Share of total education spending 27.63%
Ranked 4th.
31.9%
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Iran

Health > Life expectancy > Men 72 years
Ranked 52nd. The same as Turkey
72 years
Ranked 56th.
Military > Navy > Submarines 28
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
13
Ranked 2nd.
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>IRIB - state-run, operates provincial, national and international services</p> </p>Press TV - IRIB&#039;s English-language satellite channel</p> </p>Al-Alam - IRIB network in Arabic</p> <p>Turkish Radio and Television (TRT) - state broadcaster, operates four national networks</p> </p>Star TV - private, the first station to break state TV&#039;s monopoly</p> </p>Show TV - private, widely-watched network</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17992011">Full Article</a>
Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 61.67 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 23th. 103 times more than Turkey
0.601 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 86th.

People > Total fertility rate 1.86 children born/woman
Ranked 143th.
2.1 children born/woman
Ranked 110th. 13% more than Iran

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 71.56
Ranked 79th. 1% more than Turkey
71.16
Ranked 83th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 30.91%
Ranked 47th.
31.84%
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $2.54
Ranked 25th. 52% more than Turkey
$1.67
Ranked 66th.
Media > Television receivers > Per capita 75.73 per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th.
326.49 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than Iran

Government > Executive branch > Chief of state Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-KHAMENEI (since 4 June 1989) President Abdullah GUL (since 28 August 2007)
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 76.92
Ranked 140th.
90.84
Ranked 124th. 18% more than Iran

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $988.40 billion
Ranked 17th.
$1.11 trillion
Ranked 16th. 12% more than Iran

Labor > Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $3.50
Ranked 35th. 37% more than Turkey
$2.55
Ranked 15th.

Government > Capital city > Name Tehran Ankara
Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 35 40 N, 51 25 E 39 56 N, 32 52 E
Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts Illegal (Penalty: Death) Legal since 1858
Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 165.21
Ranked 16th. 36% more than Turkey
121.23
Ranked 21st.

Government > International organization participation CICA, CP, D-8, ECO, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, SAARC (observer), SCO (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer) ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CD, CE, CERN (observer), CICA, D-8, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, EU (candidate country), FAO, FATF, G-20, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club (associate), PCA, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.5
Ranked 125th.
0.53
Ranked 108th. 6% more than Iran

Crime > Prisoners 163,526 prisoners
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Turkey
64,051 prisoners
Ranked 20th.
Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded 52.6 \u00b0C (126.7 \u00b0F) 48.8 \u00b0C (119.8 \u00b0F)
Media > Internet > Users per 1000 320.29
Ranked 56th. 67% more than Turkey
191.62
Ranked 67th.

Religion > Major religion(s) Islam Islam
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 68.9%
Ranked 62nd. About the same as Turkey
68.7%
Ranked 64th.
Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $50.23
Ranked 53th. 97% more than Turkey
$25.54
Ranked 113th.
Geography > Area > Water 116,600 sq km
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Turkey
13,930 sq km
Ranked 37th.

People > Age structure > 0-14 years 23.8%
Ranked 129th.
25.9%
Ranked 113th. 9% more than Iran

Military > Military service age and obligation 18 years of age for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 17 years of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 years of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); conscript military service obligation is 18 months; women exempt from military service 21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 15 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates; conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; under a law passed in November 2011, men aged 30 and older, or who have worked 3 years in foreign countries, may pay $16,200 in lieu of mandatory military service
Media > Broadcast media - Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) operates multiple TV and radio networks and stations; multiple privately owned national television stations and up to 300 private regional and local television stations; multi-channel cable TV subscriptions available; more than 1,000 private radio broadcast stations
Transport > Airports 319
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Turkey
98
Ranked 58th.

Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 1st.
0.0
Ranked 11th.
Geography > Area > Comparative to US places slightly larger than Alaska slightly larger than Texas
Language > Major language(s) Persian Turkish (official), Kurdish
Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.35
Ranked 99th.
0.6
Ranked 50th. 71% more than Iran

People > Gender > Male population 47.78 million
Ranked 26th. 12% more than Turkey
42.74 million
Ranked 27th.

Energy > Electricity production > KWh 239.71 billion
Ranked 19th. The same as Turkey
239.5 billion
Ranked 12th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 34.53 million
Ranked 18th. 6% more than Turkey
32.66 million
Ranked 19th.

Industry > Gross value added by construction 28.98 billion
Ranked 23th.
34.56 billion
Ranked 16th. 19% more than Iran

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $2,428.07
Ranked 54th. 74% more than Turkey
$1,396.78
Ranked 94th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.33%
Ranked 153th. 1% more than Turkey
53.98%
Ranked 163th.

Economy > Fiscal year 21 calendar year
Background > Overview <p>Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown and clerics assumed political control under supreme leader Ayatollah Khomeini. </p> <p>The Iranian revolution put an end to the rule of the Shah, who had alienated powerful religious, political and popular forces with a programme of modernization and Westernization coupled with heavy repression of dissent. </p> <p>Persia, as Iran was known before 1935, was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world, and the country has long maintained a distinct cultural identity within the Islamic world by retaining its own language and adhering to the Shia interpretation of Islam. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14541327">Full Article</a> <p>Once the centre of the Ottoman Empire, the modern secular republic was established in the 1920s by nationalist leader Kemal Ataturk.</p> <p>Straddling the continents of Europe and Asia, Turkey&#039;s strategically important location has given it major influence in the region - and control over the entrance to the Black Sea.</p> <p>Turkey&#039;s progress towards democracy and a market economy was halting in the decades following the death of President Ataturk in 1938. The army saw itself as the guarantor of the constitution, and ousted governments on a number of occasions when it thought they were challenging secular values. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17988453">Full Article</a>
Crime > Auto theft 134.9
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Turkey
45.9
Ranked 37th.

Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 2,812.69
Ranked 40th. 80% more than Turkey
1,563.59
Ranked 35th.

People > Age structure > 65 years and over 5.1%
Ranked 137th.
6.6%
Ranked 114th. 29% more than Iran

Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 38.4%
Ranked 37th. 37% more than Turkey
28.1%
Ranked 93th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 38.33
Ranked 48th. 34% more than Turkey
28.6
Ranked 64th.
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 41.71 people/m²
Ranked 138th.
93.64 people/m²
Ranked 90th. 2 times more than Iran

Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 40.25
Ranked 101st.
106.2
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Iran

Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average $12,175.55
Ranked 3rd. 6779 times more than Turkey
$1.80
Ranked 134th.

Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 10.71 per 1 million people
Ranked 52nd. 63% more than Turkey
6.58 per 1 million people
Ranked 54th.

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $28.88 billion
Ranked 16th.
$62.74 billion
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Iran

People > Nationality > Noun Iranian(s) Turk(s)
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 106
Ranked 146th.
112
Ranked 137th. 6% more than Iran
Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>IRIB - state-run, operates eight national networks, provincial services and an external service</p> <p>Turkish Radio and Television (TRT) - state broadcaster, services include cultural/educational network TRT 1, popular music network TRT 3 and Turkish folk/classical music station TRT 4</p> </p>Kral FM - popular private network</p> </p>Super FM - popular private network</p>
Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 74.67
Ranked 62nd.
79.91
Ranked 46th. 7% more than Iran

Economy > Imports per capita $916.33
Ranked 132nd.
$3,089.31
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Iran

Transport > Waterways 850 km
Ranked 22nd.
1,200 km
Ranked 44th. 41% more than Iran

Military > Armed forces personnel 513,000
Ranked 8th.
610,000
Ranked 7th. 19% more than Iran
Education > Literacy > Female 73%
Ranked 108th.
79.6%
Ranked 13th. 9% more than Iran

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry 31%
Ranked 2nd. 26% more than Turkey
24.7%
Ranked 14th.
Labor > Labor force, total 26.13 million
Ranked 23th.
27.05 million
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Iran

Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 42.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 58th. 77% more than Turkey
23.94 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 82nd.

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $60.35
Ranked 96th. 6% more than Turkey
$56.92
Ranked 102nd.
People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 56.89%
Ranked 45th.
58.99%
Ranked 35th. 4% more than Iran

Transport > Commute > Distance 1.25 km
Ranked 5th.
7.67 km
Ranked 9th. 6 times more than Iran
Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m Mount Ararat 5,166 m
Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 115 Int. $
Ranked 36th. 26% more than Turkey
91 Int. $
Ranked 151st.

Transport > Road > Expressway length 1,429 km
Ranked 25th.
2,080 km
Ranked 18th. 46% more than Iran
Military > Military expenditures 2.5% of GDP
Ranked 11th.
5.3% of GDP
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Iran
Agriculture > Products wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugar cane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulse, citrus; livestock
Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 35.17
Ranked 81st. 8% more than Turkey
32.54
Ranked 92nd.
Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people 26
Ranked 124th.
45.13
Ranked 93th. 74% more than Iran

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $4.50
Ranked 126th.
$5.37
Ranked 98th. 19% more than Iran
Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 58.85
Ranked 27th.
64.41
Ranked 18th. 9% more than Iran
Crime > Violent crime > Domestic violence amongst Muslims Main article: Domestic violence in Iran In Iran the nature of domestic violence is complicated by both a national culture and authoritative state that support control, oppression and violence against women. A 2009 study published by the Government of Turkey reports widespread domestic violence against women in Turkey. In urban and rural areas, 40% of Turkish women reported having experienced spousal violence in their lifetime, 10% of all women reported of domestic abuse within last 12 months. In the 15-24 year age group, 20% of the women reported of domestic violence by their husbands or male members of their family. The domestic violence ranged from slapping, battering and other forms of violence. The injuries, as a result of the reported domestic violence included bleeding, broken bones and other forms needing medical attention. Over half reported severe injuries. A third of all women who admitted domestic abuse cases, claimed having suffered repeat domestic abuse injuries in excess of 5 times.
Economy > Development > Human Development Index 0.742
Ranked 76th. 3% more than Turkey
0.722
Ranked 90th.

Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita 0.275% per 1 million people
Ranked 20th. 16% more than Turkey
0.238% per 1 million people
Ranked 15th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.6
Ranked 76th.
1.92
Ranked 58th. 20% more than Iran

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.84%
Ranked 137th. 4% more than Turkey
4.64%
Ranked 164th.

People > Physicians density 0.89 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 3rd.
1.71 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 19th. 92% more than Iran

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $4.19
Ranked 122nd.
$4.36
Ranked 118th. 4% more than Iran
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 229.5 hectares
Ranked 32nd.
351.77 hectares
Ranked 17th. 53% more than Iran

Military > Military branches Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces (Artesh): Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force (IRIAF), Khatemolanbia Air Defense Headquarters; Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enqelab-e Eslami, IRGC): Ground Resistance Forces, Navy, Aerospace Force, Quds Force (special operations); Law Enforcement Forces Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Turkish Land Forces (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri), Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Forces (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri)
People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 142,841
Ranked 7th. 16% more than Turkey
123,325
Ranked 2nd.

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people $0.17
Ranked 136th.
$0.20
Ranked 133th. 18% more than Iran

Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 833.84 kW
Ranked 76th. 21% more than Turkey
686.47 kW
Ranked 85th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 29.16 million
Ranked 17th. 6% more than Turkey
27.53 million
Ranked 18th.

Economy > Exports > Commodities petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita 2,810.6 kWh
Ranked 17th.
2,815.38 kWh
Ranked 11th. About the same as Iran

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $0.33
Ranked 157th.
$2.54
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Iran

Religion > Christianity > Percent Christian 0.4%
Ranked 43th. Twice as much as Turkey
0.2%
Ranked 45th.
Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index 120.6%
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Turkey
103.4%
Ranked 114th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 45.87 million
Ranked 28th. 10% more than Turkey
41.55 million
Ranked 30th.

Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing 56.74 billion
Ranked 27th.
123.17 billion
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Iran

Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 226 per 100,000 people
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Turkey
92 per 100,000 people
Ranked 99th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index 52.61
Ranked 83th. 30% more than Turkey
40.55
Ranked 121st.
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 25%
Ranked 8th.
29.5%
Ranked 14th. 18% more than Iran
Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 20
Ranked 200th.
56
Ranked 190th. 3 times more than Iran
Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio 9.7
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Turkey
4.6
Ranked 27th.
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $532.56
Ranked 69th. 39% more than Turkey
$381.91
Ranked 101st.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $1.43
Ranked 123th. 27% more than Turkey
$1.13
Ranked 137th.
Energy > Electricity > Production 220.3 billion kWh
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Turkey
217.7 billion kWh
Ranked 18th.

Government > Country name > Conventional long form Islamic Republic of Iran Republic of Turkey
Media > Personal computers per 1000 105.95
Ranked 60th. 91% more than Turkey
55.4
Ranked 82nd.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 13.53 million
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Turkey
12.26 million
Ranked 13th.

People > Cities > Urban population 78,821
Ranked 72nd. 2% more than Turkey
77,045
Ranked 82nd.

Geography > Land use > Arable land 10.05%
Ranked 105th.
26.21%
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Iran

Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons 104.26
Ranked 10th. 93% more than Turkey
53.92
Ranked 23th.

Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant 15.5%
Ranked 70th. 63% more than Turkey
9.5%
Ranked 88th.
Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 49.32
Ranked 28th. 30% more than Turkey
38.06
Ranked 56th.
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services 45%
Ranked 17th.
45.8%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than Iran
Culture > World Heritage Sites 16
Ranked 9th. 78% more than Turkey
9
Ranked 21st.
Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
Economy > Imports $70.03 billion
Ranked 41st.
$228.60 billion
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Iran

People > Nationality > Adjective Iranian Turkish
Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index 115.4%
Ranked 34th. 11% more than Turkey
103.9%
Ranked 115th.

Media > Radio broadcast stations AM 72, FM 5, shortwave 5 AM 16, FM 107, shortwave 6
Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered 50-74 50-74
People > Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Turkey
1.02 male(s)/female
Ranked 52nd.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 9.91%
Ranked 143th. 4% more than Turkey
9.53%
Ranked 167th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality 10.49
Ranked 59th.
28.45
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Iran
Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 2.07 births per woman
Ranked 113th.
2.19 births per woman
Ranked 110th. 6% more than Iran

Sports > Chess > GrandMasters 2
Ranked 55th. The same as Turkey
2
Ranked 59th.
Government > Executive branch > Elections supreme leader appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts; president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term and additional nonconsecutive term); election last held on 14 June 2013 (next presidential election to be held in June 2017) president elected directly for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); prime minister appointed by the president from among members of parliament
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.5%
Ranked 39th.
5.3%
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Iran

Economy > Budget > Expenditures $92.63 billion
Ranked 35th.
$201.50 billion
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Iran

People > Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 87th. The same as Turkey
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 146th.

Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $136.71 billion
Ranked 16th.
$512.62 billion
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Iran

Energy > Crude oil > Production 3.59 million bbl/day
Ranked 6th. 63 times more than Turkey
56,650 bbl/day
Ranked 60th.

Economy > GINI index 43
Ranked 19th.
43.64
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Iran

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index 40.74
Ranked 87th. 4% more than Turkey
39.24
Ranked 93th.
Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita $963.66
Ranked 57th.
$1,100.92
Ranked 52nd. 14% more than Iran

Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU 645.93 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 17478 times more than Turkey
36.96 billion
Ranked 102nd.

People > Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 874,792
Ranked 5th. 45% more than Turkey
603,751
Ranked 2nd.

Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 50.67
Ranked 44th. 30% more than Turkey
38.99
Ranked 72nd.
Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita $978.63 per capita
Ranked 80th.
$2,162.15 per capita
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Iran

Transport > Rail > Railway length 11,106 km
Ranked 22nd.
12,000 km
Ranked 21st. 8% more than Iran
Military > Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Environment > Transport CO2 emission index 8,544.4
Ranked 1st. 52% more than Turkey
5,633.43
Ranked 13th.
Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend $11.91
Ranked 77th. 2% more than Turkey
$11.72
Ranked 81st.
Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$ $125.70 billion
Ranked 23th.
$186.95 billion
Ranked 10th. 49% more than Iran

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre $1,268.05
Ranked 71st. 86% more than Turkey
$682.46
Ranked 112th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg $0.71
Ranked 116th. 16% more than Turkey
$0.61
Ranked 128th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.35%
Ranked 39th. 1% more than Turkey
14.18%
Ranked 44th.

Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration 1
Ranked 194th.
3
Ranked 117th. 3 times more than Iran

Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people 384 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.
868.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Iran

Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita 630 kWh
Ranked 68th. 38% more than Turkey
456.65 kWh
Ranked 90th.

Government > National symbol(s) lion star and crescent
Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita 379.26
Ranked 111th.
467
Ranked 95th. 23% more than Iran

Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population 99.6%
Ranked 4th. 1% more than Turkey
98.6%
Ranked 13th.
Geography > Irrigated land 87,000 sq km
Ranked 1st. 63% more than Turkey
53,400 sq km
Ranked 1st.

Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 52.99 billion
Ranked 17th.
107.8 billion
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Iran

Labor > GNI > Current US$ $328.59 billion
Ranked 27th.
$782.28 billion
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Iran

Media > Internet > Users > Per capita 351.69 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. 95% more than Turkey
180.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st.

Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Turkey
2.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.
Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh 12.28 billion
Ranked 45th.
65.21 billion
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Iran

Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim 99%
Ranked 10th. The same as Turkey
99%
Ranked 14th.
Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 15.1
Ranked 101st. 24% more than Turkey
12.2
Ranked 120th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 52.66
Ranked 18th.
59.23
Ranked 11th. 12% more than Iran
Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2 $20.00
Ranked 112th.
$22.38
Ranked 104th. 12% more than Iran
Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year 657
Ranked 78th.
1,399
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Iran
Environment > Proportion of land area under protection 7.16%
Ranked 148th. 3 times more than Turkey
2.05%
Ranked 196th.

Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000 376.3
Ranked 41st. Twice as much as Turkey
187.3
Ranked 89th.

Industry > Car > Production 1.37 million
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Turkey
603,394
Ranked 17th.
Health > Life expectancy > Women 75 years
Ranked 67th.
77 years
Ranked 59th. 3% more than Iran
Economy > Exports > Main exports Petroleum, carpets, agricultural products Clothing and textiles, fruit and vegetables, iron and steel, motor vehicles and machinery, fuels and oils
Geography > Natural hazards periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van
Religion > Shia Islam population > Number of Shia muslims 66,000,000 - 70,000,000 7,000,000 - 11,000,000
Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$ 21.22 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 16th.
34.08 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 12th. 61% more than Iran

Government > Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red; the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the white band; ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) in white Arabic script is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band; green is the color of Islam and also represents growth, white symbolizes honesty and peace, red stands for bravery and martyrdom red with a vertical white crescent moon (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening; the flag colors and designs closely resemble those on the banner of the Ottoman Empire, which preceded modern-day Turkey; the crescent moon and star serve as insignia for the Turks, as well as being traditional symbols of Islam; according to legend, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors
Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita $1,419.51
Ranked 76th.
$2,209.67
Ranked 54th. 56% more than Iran