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Education Stats: compare key data on Iran & Turkey

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Definitions

  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Literacy > Adult literacy: Adult literacy rate (%).
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 30 to 34. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Progression to secondary school: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 35 to 39. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 10 to 14. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Men above 14 years: Percent of male population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 15 to 19. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 20 to 24. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 50 to 54. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Women above 14 years: Percent of female population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds: Literacy gender parity rate of 15-24 year olds in each country. This number is achieved by dividing the total amount of females who are literate by the total amount of males who are literate. Numbers below 1 mean that more males are literate, while numbers over 1 indicate that more females are literate, with the difference in the numbers indicating to what extent this is true. For instance, in Chad (with a parity rate of .42%) a substantial amount of more males are literate than females. These numbers are only for 15-24 year olds.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females: Number of female entrants in the last grade of primary education (regardless of age) expressed as a percentage of the female population at entrance age to the last grade.
  • Library members per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed post-secondary > Post-secondary and tertiary education > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Compares countries by the percentage of its population 25 years or older that has completed post-secondary education, as defined by the levels 4, 5 and 6 of ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education), and index developed by UNESCO. The data was compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), which elaborates statistics to provide a global perspective on education, science, culture, and communication
  • High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary: Private enrollment refers to pupils or students enrolled in institutions that are not operated by a public authority but controlled and managed, whether for profit or not, by a private body such as a nongovernmental organization, religious body, special interest group, foundation or business enterprise.
  • Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education plus subsidies to private education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 30-34: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above: Literacy rate, adult male (% of males ages 15 and above). Adult (15+) literacy rate (%). Male is the percentage of males age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of male literates aged 15 years and over by the corresponding age group population and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 15-19: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 15 to 19. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to grade 5. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24: Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24). Youth (15-24) literacy rate (%). Total is the number of people age 15 to 24 years who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on their everyday life, divided by the population in that age group. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above: Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above). Adult (15+) literacy rate (%). Female is the percentage of females age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of female literates aged 15 years and over by the corresponding age group population and multiplying the result by 100.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24: Literacy rate, youth female (% of females ages 15-24). Youth (15-24) literacy rate (%). Female is the number of females age 15 to 24 years who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement on their everyday life, divided by the female population in that age group. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations.
  • Progression to secondary school > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 20-24: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 20 to 24. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 35 to 39. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals aged over 10. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Number of males aged 10-14 years, who are illiterate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 70-74: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 65-69: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy rate > Youth total > % of people ages 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
STAT Iran Turkey HISTORY
Children out of school, primary 3,468
Ranked 54th.
243,731
Ranked 22nd. 70 times more than Iran

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.0454
Ranked 64th.
3.34
Ranked 65th. 74 times more than Iran

Children out of school, primary, female 112,387
Ranked 26th.
139,953
Ranked 17th. 25% more than Iran

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.6
Ranked 76th.
1.92
Ranked 58th. 20% more than Iran

College and university > Gender parity index 1.01
Ranked 57th. 24% more than Turkey
0.82
Ranked 93th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 27.63%
Ranked 4th.
31.9%
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Iran

Compulsary education duration 8
Ranked 82nd. The same as Turkey
8
Ranked 157th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 3.71%
Ranked 8th. 30% more than Turkey
2.86%
Ranked 93th.

Literacy > Female 73%
Ranked 108th.
79.6%
Ranked 13th. 9% more than Iran

Literacy > Total population 79.4%
Ranked 110th.
87.4%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Iran

Primary education, duration > Years 5
Ranked 152nd. The same as Turkey
5
Ranked 174th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 3.78
Ranked 93th.
3.98
Ranked 72nd. 5% more than Iran

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 20.49
Ranked 69th.
27.75
Ranked 49th. 35% more than Iran

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 31.31
Ranked 4th. 44% more than Turkey
21.76
Ranked 9th.

Secondary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 31st. The same as Turkey
7
Ranked 77th.

Child care (preschool) > Duration 1
Ranked 194th.
3
Ranked 117th. 3 times more than Iran

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Turkey
2.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.
Secondary education, pupils 7.12 million
Ranked 2nd.
7.97 million
Ranked 9th. 12% more than Iran

College and university > Private school share 44.71%
Ranked 13th. 9 times more than Turkey
5.16%
Ranked 95th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1.22
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Turkey
0.95
Ranked 110th.

School life expectancy > Total 11.3 years
Ranked 58th. 19% more than Turkey
9.5 years
Ranked 82nd.
Literacy > Adult literacy 84.7%
Ranked 72nd.
88.7%
Ranked 61st. 5% more than Iran

Primary education, teachers 277,991
Ranked 13th. 19% more than Turkey
233,073
Ranked 13th.

Primary education, pupils 5.75 million
Ranked 7th.
6.58 million
Ranked 15th. 15% more than Iran

Compulsary education starting age 6
Ranked 28th. The same as Turkey
6
Ranked 140th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.501
Ranked 40th. 39% more than Turkey
0.36
Ranked 42nd.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 4
Ranked 15th. The same as Turkey
4
Ranked 47th.

Literacy > Male 85.6%
Ranked 100th.
95.3%
Ranked 6th. 11% more than Iran

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 19.22
Ranked 68th.
30.38
Ranked 53th. 58% more than Iran
Child care (preschool) > Starting age 5
Ranked 7th. 67% more than Turkey
3
Ranked 193th.

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 97.4%
Ranked 5th. 2% more than Turkey
95.6%
Ranked 22nd.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 46,920.29
Ranked 13th.
50,908.41
Ranked 10th. 8% more than Iran

Primary completion rate 96
Ranked 46th. 10% more than Turkey
87
Ranked 77th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.71 million
Ranked 22nd.
1.92 million
Ranked 19th. 12% more than Iran

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 5
Ranked 161st. The same as Turkey
5
Ranked 184th.

Children out of school > Primary 306,852
Ranked 19th.
899,833
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Iran

Secondary education, teachers 280,309
Ranked 9th. 28% more than Turkey
218,829
Ranked 10th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 4.48
Ranked 34th. 24% more than Turkey
3.62
Ranked 39th.

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 26.91
Ranked 18th. 17% more than Turkey
23.09
Ranked 30th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 97th. The same as Turkey
3
Ranked 178th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.849
Ranked 87th.
1.42
Ranked 67th. 67% more than Iran

Secondary education, general pupils 6.31 million
Ranked 3rd.
6.67 million
Ranked 9th. 6% more than Iran

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ 20.9%
Ranked 52nd. 55% more than Turkey
13.5%
Ranked 70th.

High school > Gender parity index 0.959
Ranked 75th. 4% more than Turkey
0.919
Ranked 114th.

Scientific and technical journal articles 1,806
Ranked 36th.
6,224
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Iran

College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 24%
Ranked 60th.
41%
Ranked 16th. 71% more than Iran
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 1.14%
Ranked 108th.
1.33%
Ranked 104th. 17% more than Iran

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 25.31
Ranked 64th.
29.51
Ranked 51st. 17% more than Iran

Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6
Ranked 68th. The same as Turkey
6
Ranked 167th.

Children out of school, primary, male 59,578
Ranked 33th.
103,778
Ranked 20th. 74% more than Iran

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 4.7%
Ranked 24th. 24% more than Turkey
3.8%
Ranked 81st.

High school > Students per teacher 31.31
Ranked 4th. 44% more than Turkey
21.76
Ranked 9th.

Secondary education > General pupils 9.07 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Turkey
4.01 million
Ranked 20th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 11
Ranked 144th. The same as Turkey
11
Ranked 179th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd. 41% more than Turkey
3.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 87th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 41.84
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Turkey
41.73
Ranked 4th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 7.03 million
Ranked 18th.
7.9 million
Ranked 12th. 12% more than Iran

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 62.1%
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Turkey
26.7%
Ranked 115th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 93.14
Ranked 21st.
109.03
Ranked 19th. 17% more than Iran

Primary education, pupils per 1000 75.2
Ranked 64th.
90.08
Ranked 87th. 20% more than Iran

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.09
Ranked 52nd. 47% more than Turkey
0.74
Ranked 72nd.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ 10.12 million
Ranked 11th. 53% more than Turkey
6.61 million
Ranked 16th.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.94
Ranked 98th. 15% more than Turkey
0.82
Ranked 116th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 334.76
Ranked 12th.
391.17
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Iran

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 26.16 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd.
27.55 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th. 5% more than Iran

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.622
Ranked 134th.
0.697
Ranked 131st. 12% more than Iran

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 4.37
Ranked 55th.
13.46
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Iran

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 6.51 million
Ranked 11th. 25% more than Turkey
5.2 million
Ranked 15th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 87.8%
Ranked 50th.
94.1%
Ranked 38th. 7% more than Iran

Primary education > Duration > Years 5 years
Ranked 147th.
6 years
Ranked 135th. 20% more than Iran

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $1,335.19
Ranked 91st.
$4,496.78
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Iran

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 82.5
Ranked 28th.
91.31
Ranked 25th. 11% more than Iran

Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 84.93
Ranked 3rd.
85.84
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than Iran

High school > Lower secondary starting age 11
Ranked 147th. The same as Turkey
11
Ranked 186th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 7.52%
Ranked 49th. 10 times more than Turkey
0.751%
Ranked 88th.

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 27.4%
Ranked 51st. 28% more than Turkey
21.4%
Ranked 57th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 95%
Ranked 60th. 7% more than Turkey
89%
Ranked 95th.

Secondary education > Pupils 9.94 million
Ranked 2nd. 87% more than Turkey
5.33 million
Ranked 15th.

Primary education > Pupils 7.31 million
Ranked 6th.
7.87 million
Ranked 12th. 8% more than Iran

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 69.1%
Ranked 63th. 63% more than Turkey
42.4%
Ranked 108th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 50.74%
Ranked 76th. 20% more than Turkey
42.25%
Ranked 100th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 152.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 85% more than Turkey
82.47 per 1,000 people
Ranked 89th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 813,189
Ranked 2nd.
1.84 million
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Iran

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 20.49
Ranked 67th.
27.75
Ranked 47th. 35% more than Iran

Secondary education > Teachers 409,196
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Turkey
159,401
Ranked 20th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 13 years
Ranked 8th. 18% more than Turkey
11 years
Ranked 76th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 10.02 million
Ranked 9th. 75% more than Turkey
5.74 million
Ranked 18th.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 5.6
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Turkey
1.52
Ranked 3rd.

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 26.35
Ranked 58th.
94.39
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than Iran

Women to men parity index > As ratio of literacy rates > Aged 15-24 0.99
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Turkey
0.95
Ranked 27th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000 147.65
Ranked 44th. 47% more than Turkey
100.22
Ranked 63th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 47.89%
Ranked 120th. 1% more than Turkey
47.46%
Ranked 134th.

Progression to secondary school 90.26%
Ranked 32nd.
91.09%
Ranked 58th. 1% more than Iran
Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Women 96.7%
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Turkey
93.3%
Ranked 23th.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 4.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th.
12.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Iran

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39 544,385
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
105,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 6.41 million
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Turkey
6.27 million
Ranked 2nd.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 100%
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Turkey
87%
Ranked 98th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 14
Ranked 176th. The same as Turkey
14
Ranked 199th.

Library books 411,000
Ranked 11th.
1.55 million
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than Iran
School life expectancy > Male 12 years
Ranked 42nd. 15% more than Turkey
10.4 years
Ranked 69th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 132.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Turkey
56.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.107 per capita
Ranked 98th.
0.114 per capita
Ranked 85th. 7% more than Iran

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Men 14.5%
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than Turkey
5.7%
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 103.78
Ranked 102nd.
121.56
Ranked 78th. 17% more than Iran

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 91%
Ranked 78th.
92%
Ranked 76th. 1% more than Iran

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Men 98.1%
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Turkey
98%
Ranked 10th.

Library books per 1000 6.8
Ranked 15th.
24.94
Ranked 39th. 4 times more than Iran
Primary education > Teachers 380,199
Ranked 3rd. 68% more than Turkey
225,852
Ranked 19th.
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 875,814
Ranked 1st.
1.32 million
Ranked 9th. 51% more than Iran

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 47.23%
Ranked 121st. 12% more than Turkey
42.04%
Ranked 142nd.

Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 706.44
Ranked 13th.
810.58
Ranked 9th. 15% more than Iran

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14 112,104
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Turkey
7,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 2.44
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Turkey
0.274
Ranked 6th.

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.42
Ranked 31st. 32% more than Turkey
4.11
Ranked 84th.
Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 141.72
Ranked 2nd. 78% more than Turkey
79.75
Ranked 74th.

Literacy > Men above 14 years 88%
Ranked 6th.
95.3%
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Iran

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 5.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th.
7.68 per 1,000 people
Ranked 28th. 28% more than Iran

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $95.88 billion
Ranked 29th.
$332.75 billion
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Iran

Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 68th. The same as Turkey
6
Ranked 165th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 98.89%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Turkey
89.79%
Ranked 23th.
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 122.22
Ranked 1st. 30% more than Turkey
94.07
Ranked 129th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 129.24
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Turkey
59.99
Ranked 103th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 5.83
Ranked 26th. Twice as much as Turkey
2.9
Ranked 86th.
Children out of school > Primary > Male 306,852
Ranked 9th.
353,712
Ranked 14th. 15% more than Iran

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.988
Ranked 52nd.
0.988
Ranked 80th. The same as Iran

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 148.01
Ranked 7th. 68% more than Turkey
88.31
Ranked 79th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 4.78
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Turkey
1.15
Ranked 3rd.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 4.71
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
1.49
Ranked 4th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 2.81
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
1.11
Ranked 3rd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people 6.67
Ranked 1st. 67% more than Turkey
4
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 2.4
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Turkey
0.589
Ranked 6th.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24 302,037
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
98,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 55.05
Ranked 14th.
62.72
Ranked 10th. 14% more than Iran

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 184,153
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than Turkey
20,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 14.14
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
2.59
Ranked 4th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 3.16 million
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Turkey
3.05 million
Ranked 2nd.

Primary completion rate > Women 100
Ranked 29th. 20% more than Turkey
83
Ranked 76th.

School life expectancy > Female 10.5 years
Ranked 63th. 24% more than Turkey
8.5 years
Ranked 76th.
Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 88.1%
Ranked 49th.
95.3%
Ranked 32nd. 8% more than Iran

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 4.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.
4.97 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Iran

Literacy > Women above 14 years 76.8%
Ranked 6th.
79.6%
Ranked 19th. 4% more than Iran

Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds 0.99%
Ranked 5th. 4% more than Turkey
0.95%
Ranked 12th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000 94.98
Ranked 47th. 20% more than Turkey
78.87
Ranked 52nd.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita 152.44 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 63% more than Turkey
93.45 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Primary completion rate > Men 91
Ranked 59th. The same as Turkey
91
Ranked 62nd.

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 93.96
Ranked 60th. 26% more than Turkey
74.73
Ranked 136th.

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 104.16
Ranked 71st.
117.77
Ranked 80th. 13% more than Iran

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 145.67 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 94% more than Turkey
74.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st.

Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females None
None

Library members per 1000 0.219
Ranked 13th.
0.434
Ranked 38th. 98% more than Iran
Library members 13,217
Ranked 7th.
27,000
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Iran
Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 95.82%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Turkey
94.61%
Ranked 30th.

Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 96.55%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Turkey
95.43%
Ranked 32nd.

Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed post-secondary > Post-secondary and tertiary education > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 19.97%
Ranked 21st.
0.0
Ranked 33th.
High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher 21.69
Ranked 28th. 13% more than Turkey
19.21
Ranked 8th.

School enrollment > Secondary > Private > % of total secondary 7.98%
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Turkey
2%
Ranked 98th.

Public spending on education > Total > % of government expenditure 22.85%
Ranked 9th. 68% more than Turkey
13.6%
Ranked 33th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 30-34 270,115
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
88,000
Ranked 2nd.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group 106.71%
Ranked 36th. 6% more than Turkey
101%
Ranked 71st.

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 4.37
Ranked 43th.
5.29
Ranked 40th. 21% more than Iran

Literacy > Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above 89.28%
Ranked 18th.
97.93%
Ranked 30th. 10% more than Iran

Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort 95.82%
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Turkey
94.61%
Ranked 41st.

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 110.72% gross
Ranked 35th. 19% more than Turkey
93.31% gross
Ranked 141st.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 0.777
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Turkey
0.0548
Ranked 9th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 36.02
Ranked 4th.
43.98
Ranked 1st. 22% more than Iran

Literacy > Male literates > Aged 15-19 3.25 million
Ranked 1st. 1% more than Turkey
3.22 million
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 3.58
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
1.2
Ranked 3rd.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $128.06 billion
Ranked 33th.
$441.66 billion
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Iran

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 238.44 trillion
Ranked 5th. 4104 times more than Turkey
58.1 billion
Ranked 63th.

Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort 96.18%
Ranked 11th. 1% more than Turkey
95.01%
Ranked 30th.

Literacy > Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24 98.66%
Ranked 9th.
98.71%
Ranked 36th. The same as Iran

Literacy > Literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 73.51
Ranked 4th.
90.31
Ranked 1st. 23% more than Iran

School enrollment, primary, female > % net 96.24%
Ranked 30th. 1% more than Turkey
95.57%
Ranked 36th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.35%
Ranked 36th. 18% more than Turkey
83.84%
Ranked 127th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 3.32 million
Ranked 6th. 4229 times more than Turkey
785.12
Ranked 98th.

Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 51.2%
Ranked 29th.
60%
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than Iran

Literacy > Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above 80.66%
Ranked 20th.
90.31%
Ranked 47th. 12% more than Iran

School enrollment > Preprimary > Male > % gross 43.14% gross
Ranked 42nd. 5 times more than Turkey
8.44% gross
Ranked 120th.

Secondary education > Teachers > % female 48.31% female
Ranked 87th. 25% more than Turkey
38.7% female
Ranked 82nd.
Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 99.07%
Ranked 2nd. 37% more than Turkey
72.21%
Ranked 32nd.
Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 14.2%
Ranked 67th.
34.5%
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Iran

Literacy > Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24 98.52%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Turkey
97.94%
Ranked 45th.

Progression to secondary school > Male 94.89%
Ranked 22nd. 2% more than Turkey
93.32%
Ranked 51st.
Secondary education > Vocational pupils > Per capita 12.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 13th.
18.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 30th. 45% more than Iran

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59 638,738
Ranked 2nd.
1.48 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Iran

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men per 1000 52.29
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Turkey
21.34
Ranked 79th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Total > % of relevant age group 122.62%
Ranked 15th. 35% more than Turkey
90.77%
Ranked 129th.

Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 100.14%
Ranked 32nd. 19% more than Turkey
84.08%
Ranked 87th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 13 years
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Turkey
12 years
Ranked 68th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 33.52%
Ranked 129th.
42.16%
Ranked 26th. 26% more than Iran

Literacy > Male literates > Aged 20-24 4.04 million
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Turkey
3.15 million
Ranked 2nd.

School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 23.94% gross
Ranked 20th.
29.01% gross
Ranked 57th. 21% more than Iran

Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 12.18
Ranked 16th.
30.09
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Iran

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 138.7%
Ranked 6th. 57% more than Turkey
88.31%
Ranked 130th.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 4.47
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Turkey
0.397
Ranked 6th.

Literacy > Male literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 34.52
Ranked 6th.
38.54
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than Iran

Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 55.04
Ranked 1st. 26% more than Turkey
43.58
Ranked 4th.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 125.73
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
41.15
Ranked 4th.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 0.71
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than Turkey
0.0274
Ranked 11th.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 99.9% net
Ranked 1st. 15% more than Turkey
86.82% net
Ranked 89th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 4.02 million
Ranked 1st. 34% more than Turkey
2.99 million
Ranked 2nd.

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 90.83% net
Ranked 33th.
91.76% net
Ranked 70th. 1% more than Iran

Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 8.23 million
Ranked 1st. 33% more than Turkey
6.2 million
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 171,273
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
71,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 211,645
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
81,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 707,690
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
259,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 130,764
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
27,000
Ranked 2nd.

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 45.31%
Ranked 140th.
63.88%
Ranked 34th. 41% more than Iran

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 70-74 455,828
Ranked 1st. 56% more than Turkey
293,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 485,764
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
92,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44 224,027
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Turkey
16,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people 3.38
Ranked 2nd. 13 times more than Turkey
0.26
Ranked 7th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 1.03 million
Ranked 2nd.
1.68 million
Ranked 1st. 63% more than Iran

Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59 1.62 million
Ranked 2nd.
3.15 million
Ranked 1st. 95% more than Iran

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 1.42 million
Ranked 2nd.
2.25 million
Ranked 1st. 59% more than Iran

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 632,096
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
298,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69 503,403
Ranked 1st. 72% more than Turkey
292,000
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 65-69 192,774
Ranked 4th.
688,000
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Iran

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 30.4%
Ranked 70th. 35% more than Turkey
22.5%
Ranked 73th.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 4.15 million
Ranked 2nd.
4.58 million
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Iran

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 3.71%
Ranked 8th. 30% more than Turkey
2.86%
Ranked 95th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 4.56
Ranked 14th.
13.95
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Iran

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 2.27
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
0.972
Ranked 2nd.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people 1.32
Ranked 11th.
6.84
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Iran

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 53.34
Ranked 1st. 30% more than Turkey
40.94
Ranked 5th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 6.44
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
1.26
Ranked 3rd.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 9.38
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
3.55
Ranked 4th.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 1.73
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
0.37
Ranked 5th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 8.38
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
4.08
Ranked 3rd.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people 18.8
Ranked 14th.
30.8
Ranked 11th. 64% more than Iran

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 8.47
Ranked 14th.
20.19
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Iran

Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 24.7%
Ranked 65th. 52% more than Turkey
16.3%
Ranked 44th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 32.5%
Ranked 72nd.
34.9%
Ranked 69th. 7% more than Iran

School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 80.64% gross
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Turkey
79.23% gross
Ranked 93th.

Education spending > % of GDP 4.9%
Ranked 58th. 32% more than Turkey
3.7%
Ranked 92nd.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 918,596
Ranked 2nd.
2.2 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Iran

Literacy rate > Youth total > % of people ages 15-24 86.33%
Ranked 70th.
95.6%
Ranked 56th. 11% more than Iran

SOURCES: UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; World Health Organization. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source tables. Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate.. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations Statistics Division.  Population table by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division.  Population table by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a49, Adult literacy rate; World Bank national accounts data; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Source tables. Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a91, Gross intake ratio to last grade of primary; UNESCO Institute for Statistics ; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Source tables. Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Human Development Programme

Citation

Compare Iran and Turkey in
Agriculture Environment Mil