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Education Stats: compare key data on Sweden & United States

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Sweden’s educational system has garnered attention. Both countries approach funding and teaching methodologies in very different ways. In Sweden, the government gives money to each child, which parents then use to pay for education and childcare. Swedish students choose the public school they want to attend, and if they want to leave a public school and attend a private school they may. Wherever a student enrolls, (s)he takes his or her money. This offers choice to students and parents, and more performance among schools to retain students.

In the US, the federal money is funneled to states and then to county school districts. Although voters have a say in how the money is used, it must be voted upon during local elections. While students do have the option of switching public schools, some counties (especially rural ones) don’t offer much choice for students and parents.

When it comes to teaching styles, Sweden seems fully committed to a play-based learning methodology and freedom. Preschoolers learn through games and in high school, students have less homework, are free to leave campus, and refer to teachers by first name. While the US is embracing the play-based method, most US public schools rely on structure, standardized testing, and close supervision. Although US students have more homework and class time, they do have more choice over the classes they take.

In Sweden, parents and teachers are greatly involved in the child’s education. Students receive mandatory regular meetings and feedback from teachers, and parents need to be involved. While these parent-teacher-student meetings are frequent in the US, they’re not necessarily mandatory.

There are areas in which each system outperforms the other. While both countries have a 99% literacy rate, Swedish students do outrank American students in math and scientific literacy. The fact that classes in Sweden are 35% smaller may have something to do with these results. On the other hand, there’s a higher preschool enrollment in the US and more US students enroll in post-secondary education and receive degrees.

Both educational systems have their unique philosophies. While Swedish education focuses on a child’s personal development, the US educational system embraces a results-based system. In part, their differences may be the result of each nation’s style of governance. Sweden, for instance, is a country that has implemented socialist policies in terms of its healthcare and education. While the US has some socialist policies (public schooling, libraries, etc.), they’re not as widely or thoroughly implemented as they are in Sweden.

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • International Baccalaureate schools: Number of schools of any level teaching the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO).
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Student attitude > Dislike of school: Percentage of schoolgoing children who do not like going to school (2000).
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Class size > Age 13: The average number of 13-year-old students per class.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Spending per secondary school student: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Literacy > Adults at low literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'low'. Data for 1998
  • Expected duration of education for all students: Expected years of schooling for a 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Educational attainment > Senior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till senior secondary level (year 2000).
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Student attitude > Find school boring: Percentage of students who do find school boring (2000).
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Literacy > Adults at high literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'high'. Data for 1998.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy: Percentage of adult females who have at least a moderate level of literacy, in selected OECD countries. Data for 1998.
  • Educational attainment > Junior secondary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till junior secondary level (year 2000).
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

    Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings.
  • Student attitude > Report class disorder: Percentage of students who report high noise level and disorder in classes (2000).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology: Intended instruction time spent studying technology, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Spending per primary school student: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning science: Intended instruction time spent studying science, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Primary teacher salary > After 15 years: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13: The average number of years of teaching experience, for teachers of students aged 13.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13: Of those teachers who teach students aged 13, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level: Percentage of adults whose level of document literacy is rated 'moderate'. Data for 1998.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Students from households with study desk > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one study desk.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills: Intended instruction time spent studying vocational skills, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Students from households with calculator > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households containing at least one calculator.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000: Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions in primary education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPPs. Data for 1999. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages: Intended instruction time spent studying modern foreign languages, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP: Secondary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 13: The percentage of 13-year-old students who come from a household with a dictionary.
  • Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students whose mothers have at least secondary education.
  • Students living with mother > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Female teachers > Lower secondary: Percentage share of lower secondary level teachers at who are female. Data for 2000.
  • Expected duration of education for males: Expected years of schooling for a male 5-year-old under current conditions, excluding education for children under 5. Data for 2000.
  • Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level A qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers."
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP: Primary school spending per pupil in 1998, converted into US dollars by purchasing power parity. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $1,000 of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts: Intended instruction time spent studying arts, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment > Primary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion: Intended instruction time spent studying religion, as a percentage of total intended instruction time for students 12 to 14 years of age. Data for 1999.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree: Percentage share of tertiary level B qualifications as first degree awarded to females. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
STAT Sweden United States HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 11.4
Ranked 5th.
12
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Sweden
Children out of school, primary 3,027
Ranked 93th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 581 times more than Sweden

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.32
Ranked 108th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 18 times more than Sweden

Children out of school, primary, female 2,155
Ranked 76th.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 362 times more than Sweden

College and university > Gender parity index 1.52
Ranked 16th. 8% more than United States
1.41
Ranked 33th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 29.02%
Ranked 14th. 13% more than United States
25.65%
Ranked 26th.

Compulsary education duration 10
Ranked 52nd.
12
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Sweden

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 6.98%
Ranked 12th. 24% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

Homeschooling legal status Illegal, as of June 2010; supposedly allowed under special circumstances such as student health reasons or family travel, but virtually never approved. Officials often ignore legally permitted appeals. Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.
Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 19th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 20th.

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 52nd. The same as United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 6.61
Ranked 27th. 20% more than United States
5.49
Ranked 49th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 9.27
Ranked 125th.
14.29
Ranked 98th. 54% more than Sweden

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 9.51
Ranked 84th.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 52% more than Sweden

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 101st. The same as United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 17th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.228
Ranked 93th.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 11 times more than Sweden

College and university > Gender ratio 159.23
Ranked 15th. 14% more than United States
140.06
Ranked 29th.

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 12th. 33% more than United States
3
Ranked 47th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 8.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th. 52% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Duration of compulsory education 10 years
Ranked 41st.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 20% more than Sweden
Secondary education, pupils 698,968
Ranked 62nd.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 35 times more than Sweden

College and university > Private school share 8.81%
Ranked 91st.
27.95%
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Sweden

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 1
Ranked 26th. 1% more than United States
0.99
Ranked 49th.

School life expectancy > Total 16 years
Ranked 6th. 5% more than United States
15.2 years
Ranked 14th.
Primary education, teachers 62,429
Ranked 42nd.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 27 times more than Sweden

Primary education, pupils 578,486
Ranked 77th.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 42 times more than Sweden

Tertiary enrollment 70%
Ranked 2nd.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Sweden
Spending per student > College and university 38.99
Ranked 16th. 77% more than United States
22.04
Ranked 37th.

High school > Gender ratio 99.24
Ranked 62nd.
99.5
Ranked 59th. About the same as Sweden

Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 12th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 66th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 1.01
Ranked 70th. 22 times more than United States
0.0465
Ranked 96th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 72nd. The same as United States
3
Ranked 73th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 27th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

Spending > USD 31.41 billion
Ranked 17th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Sweden

High school > Private school share 19.39%
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than United States
8.27%
Ranked 86th.

Spending > Proportion 6.41
Ranked 17th. 34% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 10.11
Ranked 143th.
14.21
Ranked 120th. 41% more than Sweden

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 102nd. The same as United States
3
Ranked 103th.

Preschool enrollment rate 94.9
Ranked 110th.
98.77
Ranked 94th. 4% more than Sweden

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 16,287.14
Ranked 50th.
56,943.33
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Sweden

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 414,657
Ranked 40th.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Sweden

Teachers as percentage of labor force 4.2%
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
4.2%
Ranked 17th.
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 497
Ranked 18th.
500
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Sweden
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 58th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 59th.

Children out of school > Primary 9,536
Ranked 78th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 170 times more than Sweden

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 7.78
Ranked 28th. 45% more than United States
5.36
Ranked 56th.

Secondary education, teachers 73,492
Ranked 33th.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than Sweden

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 9.88
Ranked 114th.
14.96
Ranked 64th. 51% more than Sweden

Mathematical literacy 510
Ranked 14th. 3% more than United States
493
Ranked 18th.
High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 104th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 105th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.0923
Ranked 101st.
3.14
Ranked 43th. 34 times more than Sweden

Scientific literacy 512
Ranked 10th. 3% more than United States
499
Ranked 14th.
Spending per student > High school 31.19
Ranked 9th. 27% more than United States
24.56
Ranked 18th.

Secondary education, general pupils 472,309
Ranked 70th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 51 times more than Sweden

Reading literacy 516
Ranked 9th. 2% more than United States
504
Ranked 15th.
High school > Gender parity index 0.989
Ranked 57th.
1.01
Ranked 68th. 2% more than Sweden

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 497
Ranked 18th.
500
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Sweden
Scientific and technical journal articles 10,237
Ranked 15th.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Sweden

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 505
Ranked 14th. 3% more than United States
492
Ranked 25th.
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 43%
Ranked 30th.
47%
Ranked 7th. 9% more than Sweden
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 3.51%
Ranked 76th. 13 times more than United States
0.271%
Ranked 124th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 46.46
Ranked 19th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Sweden

Scouting > Genders admitted both both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 12.9%
Ranked 51st.
15.3%
Ranked 38th. 19% more than Sweden

International Baccalaureate schools 41
Ranked 15th.
1,489
Ranked 1st. 36 times more than Sweden
Children out of school, primary, male 872
Ranked 90th.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 1120 times more than Sweden

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 7.3%
Ranked 9th. 24% more than United States
5.9%
Ranked 23th.

High school > Students per teacher 9.51
Ranked 85th.
14.49
Ranked 57th. 52% more than Sweden

Secondary education > General pupils 519,183
Ranked 64th.
24.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 47 times more than Sweden

Spending per student > Elementary school 25.44
Ranked 8th. 14% more than United States
22.35
Ranked 18th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 59th.

High school starting age > Years 13
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 55th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 7.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th. 29% more than United States
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.

Educational attainment > Tertiary 32%
Ranked 5th.
37%
Ranked 2nd. 16% more than Sweden
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 774,888
Ranked 83th.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 32 times more than Sweden

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 84.4%
Ranked 31st.
94.7%
Ranked 14th. 12% more than Sweden

Elementary school graduate rate 99.93
Ranked 1st. 5% more than United States
95.34
Ranked 40th.

Schools connected to the Internet 99%
Ranked 10th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than Sweden

Public spending per student > Primary level 23.5
Ranked 9th. 31% more than United States
17.9
Ranked 21st.
Secondary education, pupils per 1000 73.97
Ranked 94th.
77.71
Ranked 76th. 5% more than Sweden

Primary education, pupils per 1000 61.22
Ranked 120th.
78.41
Ranked 97th. 28% more than Sweden

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.55
Ranked 13th. 11% more than United States
1.4
Ranked 22nd.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1
Ranked 64th.
1.02
Ranked 54th. 2% more than Sweden

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 46.47 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Sweden

Student attitude > Dislike of school 20%
Ranked 16th.
35%
Ranked 5th. 75% more than Sweden
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.72
Ranked 89th. 9 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 178th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 85th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 86th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 9.68
Ranked 84th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 49% more than Sweden

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 1.06
Ranked 98th.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 5 times more than Sweden

Inequality adjusted index 0.878
Ranked 13th.
0.941
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than Sweden
Class size > Age 13 13.6 students
Ranked 25th.
18.3 students
Ranked 15th. 35% more than Sweden
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 9.55
Ranked 124th.
13.69
Ranked 102nd. 43% more than Sweden

Elementary school > Enrolled students 584,726
Ranked 73th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 42 times more than Sweden

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 53th. The same as United States
6 years
Ranked 54th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $27,094.66
Ranked 8th.
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd. 22% more than Sweden

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 103.26
Ranked 55th.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 3% more than Sweden

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 49.98
Ranked 123th.
77.71
Ranked 47th. 55% more than Sweden

Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 494
Ranked 21st.
495
Ranked 20th. About the same as Sweden
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 10.15%
Ranked 70th. 16% more than United States
8.72%
Ranked 80th.

High school > Lower secondary starting age 13
Ranked 16th. 8% more than United States
12
Ranked 61st.

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.32
Ranked 46th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Sweden

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 96%
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 80th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 53.5
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
Primary education > Pupils 690,758
Ranked 83th.
24.56 million
Ranked 4th. 36 times more than Sweden

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 85.5%
Ranked 33th.
94.3%
Ranked 22nd. 10% more than Sweden

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 102.87 per 1,000 people
Ranked 41st. 24% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 59.59%
Ranked 21st. 5% more than United States
56.64%
Ranked 34th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 226,659
Ranked 34th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 9.27
Ranked 127th.
14.29
Ranked 100th. 54% more than Sweden

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 66.89%
Ranked 60th.
77.19%
Ranked 38th. 15% more than Sweden

Secondary education > Teachers 75,243
Ranked 43th.
1.62 million
Ranked 3rd. 21 times more than Sweden

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 16 years
Ranked 14th. The same as United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
School enrolment rate > 5th grade 99.84
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
94.45
Ranked 30th.

Spending per secondary school student $5,648.00 per student
Ranked 11th.
$7,764.00 per student
Ranked 3rd. 37% more than Sweden
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 917,978
Ranked 61st.
23.85 million
Ranked 4th. 26 times more than Sweden

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 1,142.75
Ranked 2nd. 57% more than United States
728.12
Ranked 13th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 499
Ranked 14th.
500
Ranked 13th. About the same as Sweden
Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 498
Ranked 19th.
503
Ranked 14th. 1% more than Sweden
Duration of education > Primary level 6
Ranked 50th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Literacy > Adults at low literacy level 25.1%
Ranked 17th.
49.6%
Ranked 7th. 98% more than Sweden
Expected duration of education for all students 20.2 years
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than United States
16.7 years
Ranked 14th.
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 33,098
Ranked 52nd.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 52 times more than Sweden

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.28%
Ranked 64th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Sweden

Public spending per student > Secondary level 28.3
Ranked 16th. 26% more than United States
22.4
Ranked 28th.
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 49.36%
Ranked 18th. 1% more than United States
48.86%
Ranked 40th.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 1.06 per 1,000 people
Ranked 99th.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Sweden

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 502
Ranked 14th.
512
Ranked 8th. 2% more than Sweden
Educational attainment > Senior secondary 49%
Ranked 7th.
50%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than Sweden
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 96%
Ranked 50th. 2% more than United States
94%
Ranked 66th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 29th. 7% more than United States
15
Ranked 90th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 73th.

Student attitude > Find school boring 58%
Ranked 6th.
61%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Sweden
Elementary school repeaters > All 0.0
Ranked 115th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

School life expectancy > Male 15.1 years
Ranked 14th. 2% more than United States
14.8 years
Ranked 17th.
Universities > Top 200 5
Ranked 11th.
54
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Sweden
Literacy > Adults at high literacy level 35.5%
Ranked 1st. 87% more than United States
19%
Ranked 9th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 57.74 per 1,000 people
Ranked 113th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 43% more than Sweden

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.087 per capita
Ranked 117th. 1% more than United States
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 86.82
Ranked 117th. About the same as United States
86.39
Ranked 118th.

Primary teacher salary > Starting $18,581.00
Ranked 16th.
$25,707.00
Ranked 5th. 38% more than Sweden
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 96%
Ranked 48th. 3% more than United States
93%
Ranked 66th.

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 3.63%
Ranked 1st. 35% more than United States
2.68%
Ranked 7th.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million 0.745%
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than United States
0.0212%
Ranked 18th.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 11.4
Ranked 129th.
15.4
Ranked 115th. 35% more than Sweden
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 82%
Ranked 37th.
87%
Ranked 8th. 6% more than Sweden
Primary education > Teachers 68,325
Ranked 43th.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 25 times more than Sweden

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 52.87%
Ranked 10th. 9% more than United States
48.72%
Ranked 92nd.

Students from households with computer > Age 13 58%
Ranked 12th. 7% more than United States
54%
Ranked 13th.
Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 115.52 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 20th.
117.74 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Sweden
Private school enrolment > Primary level 3.9
Ranked 60th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Sweden
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 48th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 49th.

Literacy > Adults with at least moderate literacy 74.9%
Ranked 1st. 49% more than United States
50.4%
Ranked 11th.
Educational attainment > Junior secondary 19%
Ranked 12th. 58% more than United States
12%
Ranked 18th.
Primary education > Teachers per 1000 7.6
Ranked 18th. 29% more than United States
5.9
Ranked 45th.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.576 per 1,000 people
Ranked 95th.
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 6 times more than Sweden

Female enrolment share > Primary level 49.3%
Ranked 16th. 1% more than United States
48.7%
Ranked 42nd.
Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge 6.93%
Ranked 1st. 7% more than United States
6.49%
Ranked 2nd.
Student attitude > Report class disorder 38%
Ranked 5th. 36% more than United States
28%
Ranked 11th.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $254.10 billion
Ranked 16th.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Sweden

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.554
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 17th.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning technology x 3
Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 18th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Scouting > Members 43,729
Ranked 31st.
2.99 million
Ranked 3rd. 68 times more than Sweden
High school > Share of total education spending 35.59%
Ranked 49th. About the same as United States
35.42%
Ranked 52nd.

High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 49.24%
Ranked 43th.
54.76%
Ranked 39th. 11% more than Sweden

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 69.38%
Ranked 71st.
81.55%
Ranked 48th. 18% more than Sweden

Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 49.66%
Ranked 43th.
54.76%
Ranked 41st. 10% more than Sweden

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 96.1%
Ranked 2nd. 9% more than United States
88.1%
Ranked 17th.
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 531,393
Ranked 59th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 46 times more than Sweden

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 8.37
Ranked 26th. 52% more than United States
5.52
Ranked 66th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 57.73
Ranked 113th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 43% more than Sweden

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.79
Ranked 31st. 3% more than United States
97.22
Ranked 93th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 4,358
Ranked 73th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 136 times more than Sweden

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.996
Ranked 35th. About the same as United States
0.991
Ranked 69th.

Spending per primary school student $5,579.00 per student
Ranked 7th.
$6,043.00 per student
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Sweden
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 54.4%
Ranked 4th. 11% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 457
Ranked 14th.
25,000
Ranked 1st. 55 times more than Sweden

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 2.7
Ranked 75th.
9.6
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Sweden
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 102.86
Ranked 43th. 24% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 4.6
Ranked 32nd.
9.52
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Sweden
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 25.21%
Ranked 7th.
37.67%
Ranked 1st. 49% more than Sweden
Proportion of primary education time spent learning science 12%
Ranked 16th.
14%
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Sweden
School life expectancy > Female 17 years
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than United States
15.7 years
Ranked 11th.
Elementary school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 111th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Elementary school repeaters > Male 0.0
Ranked 112th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.485 per 1,000 people
Ranked 96th.
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 4 times more than Sweden

High school teachers 78,978
Ranked 31st.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than Sweden

Elementary school teachers 61,220
Ranked 45th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 29 times more than Sweden

Primary teacher salary > After 15 years $24,364.00
Ranked 15th.
$34,705.00
Ranked 5th. 42% more than Sweden
Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13 26.2 years experience
Ranked 12th.
27 years experience
Ranked 10th. 3% more than Sweden
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 87%
Ranked 6th. 16% more than United States
75%
Ranked 16th.
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13 68%
Ranked 19th.
97%
Ranked 6th. 43% more than Sweden
Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million 6.5%
Ranked 11th. 35 times more than United States
0.188%
Ranked 27th.
Literacy > Adults at moderate literacy level 39.4%
Ranked 5th. 25% more than United States
31.4%
Ranked 13th.
Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 98%
Ranked 13th. 8% more than United States
91%
Ranked 23th.
Students from households with study desk > Age 13 98%
Ranked 1st. 13% more than United States
87%
Ranked 21st.
Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 23%
Ranked 18th.
38%
Ranked 5th. 65% more than Sweden
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 735,494
Ranked 54th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 33 times more than Sweden

Proportion of primary education time spent learning vocational skills n 5
Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.014 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than United States
0.005 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 17th.
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 103.84
Ranked 45th. 2% more than United States
101.63
Ranked 58th.

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 76.81
Ranked 126th.
83.88
Ranked 115th. 9% more than Sweden

Students from households with calculator > Age 13 98%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than United States
96%
Ranked 17th.
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 15.3
Ranked 77th. 3% more than United States
14.9
Ranked 79th.
Young longtext readers 21.4%
Ranked 16th.
28.4%
Ranked 6th. 33% more than Sweden
Young shorttext readers 37.3%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 24th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females 60%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.39%
Ranked 5th. 45 times more than United States
0.00874%
Ranked 28th.
Primary teacher salary > Starting per 1000 $2.10
Ranked 9th. 23 times more than United States
$0.09
Ranked 22nd.
Proportion of primary education time spent learning foreign languages 12 7
Spending per secondary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 8th. 33 times more than United States
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million 9.75%
Ranked 12th. 37 times more than United States
0.261%
Ranked 28th.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 13 92%
Ranked 21st.
95%
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Sweden
Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13 45% 75%
Students living with mother > Age 13 94%
Ranked 17th. 4% more than United States
90%
Ranked 26th.
Female teachers > Lower secondary 62.1%
Ranked 13th. 3% more than United States
60.2%
Ranked 14th.
Expected duration of education for males 18.6 years
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than United States
16.2 years
Ranked 18th.
Share of university qualifications awarded to females > First degree 60%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than United States
57%
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 12%
Ranked 22nd.
41%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Sweden
Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 89%
Ranked 21st. 2% more than United States
87%
Ranked 22nd.
Participation > School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % net 99.22%
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than United States
88.98%
Ranked 21st.

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 71.84%
Ranked 31st.
79.4%
Ranked 11th. 11% more than Sweden

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 46.1%
Ranked 42nd. 23% more than United States
37.6%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 33.6%
Ranked 46th. 66% more than United States
20.2%
Ranked 66th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 28.2%
Ranked 15th.
35%
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Sweden

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 17.1%
Ranked 56th.
51.9%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Sweden

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 15.8%
Ranked 42nd.
42.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Sweden

Spending per primary school student > Per $ GDP $0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 6th. 42 times more than United States
$0.00 per student per $1,000
Ranked 21st.
Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 91%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
24%
Ranked 25th.
School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 85.11% gross
Ranked 37th. 37% more than United States
61.93% gross
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 98.96% gross
Ranked 105th. 1% more than United States
97.55% gross
Ranked 117th.

Primary education > Teachers > % female 80.78% female
Ranked 48th.
88.58% female
Ranked 21st. 10% more than Sweden

Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 26.75%
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United States
25.85%
Ranked 24th.

Proportion of primary education time spent learning arts 3 7
Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 91%
Ranked 8th. 15% more than United States
79%
Ranked 17th.
Government spending on education > % of GDP 6.98%
Ranked 12th. 24% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 94.25%
Ranked 42nd. 2% more than United States
92.61%
Ranked 54th.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 12.73%
Ranked 43th.
14.13%
Ranked 35th. 11% more than Sweden

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 94.57%
Ranked 108th.
99.11%
Ranked 89th. 5% more than Sweden

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 17 years
Ranked 8th. 6% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 25th.
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 99.25%
Ranked 62nd.
100.42%
Ranked 47th. 1% more than Sweden

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 94.79%
Ranked 32nd. 31% more than United States
72.28%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 95.21%
Ranked 29th. 28% more than United States
74.31%
Ranked 60th.

Secondary education, pupils > % female 48.36%
Ranked 77th.
48.86%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than Sweden

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 27.61%
Ranked 7th. 20% more than United States
22.93%
Ranked 23th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 23.99
Ranked 21st.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000 4.56
Ranked 30th. 39% more than United States
3.28
Ranked 51st.

School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 102.57% gross
Ranked 17th. 8% more than United States
94.68% gross
Ranked 44th.

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 6.22%
Ranked 20th. 30% more than United States
4.79%
Ranked 59th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 95.58%
Ranked 38th. 3% more than United States
93.08%
Ranked 58th.

School enrollment, primary > % gross 100.5%
Ranked 96th. 2% more than United States
98.78%
Ranked 107th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 99.7%
Ranked 1st. 9% more than United States
91.29%
Ranked 62nd.

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 95.57%
Ranked 42nd. 9% more than United States
87.88%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment > Primary > % gross 99.07% gross
Ranked 112th. The same as United States
98.98% gross
Ranked 115th.

Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort 95.59%
Ranked 36th.
98.33%
Ranked 21st. 3% more than Sweden

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 94.25%
Ranked 50th. 1% more than United States
93.68%
Ranked 53th.

High school > Lower Secondary > Students per teacher 9.48
Ranked 69th.
14.52
Ranked 47th. 53% more than Sweden

Proportion of primary education time spent learning religion x 1
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 96.39%
Ranked 47th. 3% more than United States
93.76%
Ranked 61st.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 91.44%
Ranked 18th. 5% more than United States
86.8%
Ranked 32nd.

Secondary education, teachers, female 43,121
Ranked 26th.
1.02 million
Ranked 4th. 24 times more than Sweden

Share of vocational tertiary qualifications awarded to females > First degree 53% awarded to females
Ranked 20th.
60% awarded to females
Ranked 14th. 13% more than Sweden
School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 59.12%
Ranked 22nd.
80.1%
Ranked 3rd. 35% more than Sweden

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://www.ibo.org/facts/schoolstats/progsbycountry.cfm; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2001); OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; The Times, 2005; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute of Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank staff estimates; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables