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Labor Stats: compare key data on Turkey & United States

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Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Strikes: Strikes five-year average in days not worked per 1000 employees (1996-2000)
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Days off work: Number of days not worked for every 1000 salaried employees. Selected OECD countries only. Data for 2000.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Unemployment gender ratio: Female unemployment rate as a % of the male unemployment rate.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Long term unemployment > Share: Percentage share of unemployment that lasts longer than 12 months. Data for 2001.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force > Note: This entry contains the total labor force figure.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
STAT Turkey United States HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 34%
Ranked 15th. 9 times more than United States
4%
Ranked 69th.
Employment rate > Adults 42.3
Ranked 158th.
59.2
Ranked 74th. 40% more than Turkey

Expense > Current LCU 303.47 billion
Ranked 52nd.
3.92 trillion
Ranked 18th. 13 times more than Turkey

GNI > Current US$ $782.28 billion
Ranked 18th.
$16.51 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 21 times more than Turkey

GNI > Current US$ per capita $10,571.72
Ranked 53th.
$52,608.35
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Turkey

Hours worked > Standard workweek 45 hours
Ranked 64th. 13% more than United States
40 hours
Ranked 108th.
Labor force 24.73 million
Ranked 23th.
154.9 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Turkey

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 35.9%, industry 22.8%, services 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004) farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.9%, sales and office 25%, other services 16.5%; <i>note:</i> figures exclude the unemployed
Labor force per 1000 342.82
Ranked 98th.
500.77
Ranked 33th. 46% more than Turkey

Labor force, total 27.05 million
Ranked 22nd.
158.69 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Turkey

Labor force, total per 1000 365.56
Ranked 154th.
505.51
Ranked 51st. 38% more than Turkey

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $2.55
Ranked 15th.
$7.25
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Turkey
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 1071 Turkish lira per month. The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are exempt and have lower rates.
Strikes 28
Ranked 14th.
60
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Turkey
Unemployment rate 12.4%
Ranked 18th. 28% more than United States
9.7%
Ranked 31st.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 45%
Ranked 64th.
58.4%
Ranked 34th. 30% more than Turkey

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 1,578.41
Ranked 101st.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 29 times more than Turkey

Expense > Current LCU per capita 4,153.72
Ranked 89th.
12,566.94
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Turkey

Employment rate > Women 21.7
Ranked 158th.
52.9
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than Turkey

Labor force > Total 25.76 million
Ranked 21st.
158.37 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Turkey

Industrial workers > Male 25%
Ranked 60th.
32%
Ranked 42nd. 28% more than Turkey
Employment rate > Men 63
Ranked 119th.
66
Ranked 107th. 5% more than Turkey

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 65.1%
Ranked 34th. 2% more than United States
63.9%
Ranked 38th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 65.1%
Ranked 34th. 2% more than United States
63.9%
Ranked 38th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 1.246778e+016 341229000000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 26.9
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than United States
10.6
Ranked 30th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.37 per capita
Ranked 160th.
0.524 per capita
Ranked 22nd. 42% more than Turkey

Force > Total 26.64 million
Ranked 21st.
155.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Turkey

Female decision makers 9%
Ranked 61st.
45%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
Agricultural workers > Female 72%
Ranked 3rd. 72 times more than United States
1%
Ranked 76th.
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 43.8%
Ranked 61st.
94.1%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Turkey

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 28.1%
Ranked 50th.
30.2%
Ranked 44th. 7% more than Turkey

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 18.4%
Ranked 35th. 6% more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate 9.87%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
4.62%
Ranked 19th.
GNI > Current LCU 1.4 trillion
Ranked 78th.
16.51 trillion
Ranked 27th. 12 times more than Turkey

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 51.5%
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than United States
5.84%
Ranked 26th.
Female economic activity 49.9%
Ranked 85th.
58.8%
Ranked 57th. 18% more than Turkey
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 25.6%
Ranked 73th.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Turkey

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 25.6%
Ranked 73th.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Turkey

Labor force > Per capita 335.44 per 1,000 people
Ranked 53th.
508.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 52% more than Turkey

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 77.16%
Ranked 120th.
86.54%
Ranked 69th. 12% more than Turkey
Days off work 36 days
Ranked 13th.
163 days
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Turkey
Industrial workers > Female 10%
Ranked 61st.
12%
Ranked 56th. 20% more than Turkey
Employment rate > Young adults 30.7
Ranked 123th.
50.7
Ranked 45th. 65% more than Turkey

Female professionals 36%
Ranked 63th.
54%
Ranked 20th. 50% more than Turkey
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-6,698,000,000.00
Ranked 136th.
$269.90 billion
Ranked 1st.

Unemployment gender ratio 99%
Ranked 19th.
105%
Ranked 17th. 6% more than Turkey
Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 3.2%
Ranked 23th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Turkey

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 67.92%
Ranked 28th.
77.78%
Ranked 13th. 15% more than Turkey
Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 35
Ranked 61st.
0.0
Ranked 170th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 21.7%
Ranked 18th. 10 times more than United States
2.2%
Ranked 65th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 57.8%
Ranked 56th.
91.2%
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than Turkey

Service workers > Male 41%
Ranked 65th.
64%
Ranked 7th. 56% more than Turkey
Female economic activity growth 14%
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than United States
6%
Ranked 56th.
Employment rate > Young men 41
Ranked 107th.
51.7
Ranked 69th. 26% more than Turkey

Employment rate > Young women 20
Ranked 138th.
49.7
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Turkey

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total 9.8%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
4.6%
Ranked 18th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 32.48%
Ranked 64th. 3 times more than United States
9.92%
Ranked 124th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 41.88%
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than United States
7.22%
Ranked 29th.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $26,187.00
Ranked 45th.
$65,480.00
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey

GNI > Constant LCU 116.8 billion
Ranked 82nd.
14.47 trillion
Ranked 14th. 124 times more than Turkey

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 1,578.41
Ranked 101st.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 29 times more than Turkey

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $8,423.73
Ranked 33th.
$46,084.41
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Turkey

Service workers > Female 18%
Ranked 77th.
86%
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Turkey
Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 13.4%
Ranked 23th.
18.3%
Ranked 19th. 37% more than Turkey

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 51.6%
Ranked 5th. 65 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 62nd.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 25%
Ranked 163th.
57%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Turkey

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 24.5%
Ranked 129th.
54%
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Turkey

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 68.5%
Ranked 109th.
69.5%
Ranked 99th. 1% more than Turkey

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 17.1%
Ranked 39th.
18.7%
Ranked 32nd. 9% more than Turkey

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 68.25%
Ranked 137th.
86.12%
Ranked 58th. 26% more than Turkey
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million 0.139%
Ranked 23th. 9 times more than United States
0.0151%
Ranked 30th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment 30.43%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than United States
9.95%
Ranked 24th.
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 50.2%
Ranked 43th.
67.6%
Ranked 4th. 35% more than Turkey

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 15.1%
Ranked 31st. 57% more than United States
9.6%
Ranked 59th.

Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 87.76%
Ranked 39th. 12% more than United States
78.54%
Ranked 139th.
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 57.04%
Ranked 109th.
82.15%
Ranked 52nd. 44% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 52.68%
Ranked 42nd. 36% more than United States
38.86%
Ranked 81st.
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 98.03%
Ranked 43th. 5% more than United States
93.35%
Ranked 163th.
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 60.83%
Ranked 34th. 51% more than United States
40.19%
Ranked 98th.
Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million -16,026,523.985
Ranked 25th.
753.24 million
Ranked 12th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 53.3%
Ranked 69th.
55.8%
Ranked 60th. 5% more than Turkey

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU -1,185,916,746.749
Ranked 33th.
236.45 billion
Ranked 6th.

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 6.7%
Ranked 36th.
7.1%
Ranked 31st. 6% more than Turkey

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 11.8%
Ranked 35th. 5% more than United States
11.2%
Ranked 37th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 42.86%
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than United States
13.49%
Ranked 127th.
Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 10.3%
Ranked 4th. 84% more than United States
5.6%
Ranked 53th.

Force with secondary education > % of total 6.1%
Ranked 11th.
39.5%
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Turkey
Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 19.3%
Ranked 17th. 56% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 38th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 77.12%
Ranked 120th.
87.29%
Ranked 68th. 13% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 37.35%
Ranked 61st. 13% more than United States
33.2%
Ranked 67th.
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 55.82%
Ranked 124th.
81.1%
Ranked 54th. 45% more than Turkey
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum 16.11%
Ranked 9th. 72% more than United States
9.35%
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum 5.04%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
2.47%
Ranked 21st.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 23.2%
Ranked 11th.
48.5%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Turkey

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 8.6%
Ranked 50th.
42%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Turkey

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 0.723%
Ranked 15th. 38 times more than United States
0.019%
Ranked 29th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 11.4%
Ranked 3rd.
47.3%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 60.06%
Ranked 99th.
72.42%
Ranked 52nd. 21% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 23.66%
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than United States
7.41%
Ranked 95th.
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 55.8%
Ranked 122nd.
79.8%
Ranked 57th. 43% more than Turkey
Employment in industry > % of total employment 25.7%
Ranked 15th. 25% more than United States
20.6%
Ranked 55th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.129%
Ranked 123th. 3 times more than United States
0.0387%
Ranked 136th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -12,023,755,342.868
Ranked 97th.
269.9 billion
Ranked 6th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million 0.427%
Ranked 24th. 13 times more than United States
0.0324%
Ranked 28th.
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions 0.204 Year 2006
Ranked 10th. 47% more than United States
0.139 Year 2006
Ranked 21st.
Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 9.4%
Ranked 11th. 62% more than United States
5.8%
Ranked 43th.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 26.21%
Ranked 162nd.
46.09%
Ranked 57th. 76% more than Turkey

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 21.3%
Ranked 77th.
47.4%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Turkey

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 98.09%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than United States
93.16%
Ranked 164th.
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.6 ratio
Ranked 31st. 8% more than United States
2.4 ratio
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.3
Ranked 51st.
3.3
Ranked 25th. 43% more than Turkey

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 33.3%
Ranked 68th.
89.6%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 20.7%
Ranked 34th. 32% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 47th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 7%
Ranked 20th.
7.2%
Ranked 19th. 3% more than Turkey

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 1.5%
Ranked 23th.
3.2%
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Turkey

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 99.12%
Ranked 59th.
105.29%
Ranked 12th. 6% more than Turkey

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 95.09%
Ranked 141st. 3% more than United States
92.17%
Ranked 163th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 2.35$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 130th. 10 times more than United States
0.235$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 150th.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million 0.138%
Ranked 22nd. 9 times more than United States
0.015%
Ranked 30th.
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 87.73%
Ranked 167th.
92.2%
Ranked 156th. 5% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 66.74%
Ranked 152nd.
76.57%
Ranked 137th. 15% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 57.9%
Ranked 112th. 15% more than United States
50.34%
Ranked 121st.
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 56.58%
Ranked 115th.
79.87%
Ranked 49th. 41% more than Turkey
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 37.2%
Ranked 7th. 47 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 75th.

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 91.6%
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than United States
85.8%
Ranked 9th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 12.56$
Ranked 118th. 27% more than United States
9.89$
Ranked 123th.

Employment rate > Source / date of > Information 2003 OECD . 2003 OECD .
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 48.09%
Ranked 119th.
80.06%
Ranked 48th. 66% more than Turkey
Force with tertiary education > % of total 8.3%
Ranked 4th.
43.3%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Turkey
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 51.9%
Ranked 179th.
75.75%
Ranked 40th. 46% more than Turkey

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 17.8%
Ranked 21st. 8 times more than United States
2.3%
Ranked 74th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 32.8%
Ranked 109th.
42.2%
Ranked 72nd. 29% more than Turkey

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 76%
Ranked 146th.
81.46%
Ranked 101st. 7% more than Turkey

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 62.9%
Ranked 52nd.
93.2%
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than Turkey

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 14.9%
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than United States
7.2%
Ranked 71st.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 30.7%
Ranked 30th. 22% more than United States
25.1%
Ranked 52nd.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 47.9%
Ranked 57th.
91.9%
Ranked 4th. 92% more than Turkey

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 51.5%
Ranked 39th.
71.7%
Ranked 6th. 39% more than Turkey

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 60%
Ranked 40th.
66.4%
Ranked 24th. 11% more than Turkey

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 8.5%
Ranked 34th. 4% more than United States
8.2%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 9.2%
Ranked 33th. 14% more than United States
8.1%
Ranked 37th.

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 23%
Ranked 45th.
30.3%
Ranked 40th. 32% more than Turkey

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 45.5%
Ranked 12th. 6 times more than United States
7.3%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 56%
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than United States
9.5%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 21.9%
Ranked 49th.
29.4%
Ranked 44th. 34% more than Turkey

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 59.7%
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than United States
11.3%
Ranked 48th.

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 18.7%
Ranked 49th.
28.4%
Ranked 43th. 52% more than Turkey

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 13.1%
Ranked 54th.
61.1%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Turkey

Long term unemployment > Share 23.1%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than United States
6.1%
Ranked 26th.
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 44.2%
Ranked 92nd. 4% more than United States
42.6%
Ranked 98th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 26.3%
Ranked 155th.
52.3%
Ranked 64th. 99% more than Turkey

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -162,489,486.658
Ranked 52nd.
859.79 million
Ranked 19th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 11.81$ per capita
Ranked 120th. 20% more than United States
9.87$ per capita
Ranked 124th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 56.14%
Ranked 109th.
67.56%
Ranked 65th. 20% more than Turkey
Self-employed, female > % of females employed 45.7%
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than United States
5.5%
Ranked 77th.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 33.5%
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than United States
8%
Ranked 81st.

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 37.1%
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than United States
6.8%
Ranked 85th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 64.7%
Ranked 119th. 2% more than United States
63.6%
Ranked 122nd.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 44.9%
Ranked 150th.
57.8%
Ranked 95th. 29% more than Turkey

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 54.3%
Ranked 56th.
94.5%
Ranked 8th. 74% more than Turkey

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 66.5%
Ranked 49th.
99.1%
Ranked 2nd. 49% more than Turkey

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 33.6%
Ranked 1st. 336 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 4.6%
Ranked 12th. 46 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 13.2%
Ranked 4th. 132 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 78th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 16.3%
Ranked 41st.
17.6%
Ranked 38th. 8% more than Turkey

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 17.5%
Ranked 44th. 8% more than United States
16.2%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 3.4%
Ranked 23th. 48% more than United States
2.3%
Ranked 31st.

Force with primary education > % of total 60.1%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
17.1%
Ranked 18th.
Force > Total per 1000 393.24
Ranked 141st.
526.07
Ranked 21st. 34% more than Turkey

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 39.3%
Ranked 29th.
89.9%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Turkey

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 19%
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 66th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 46%
Ranked 1st. 66 times more than United States
0.7%
Ranked 62nd.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 26.2%
Ranked 3rd. 19 times more than United States
1.4%
Ranked 68th.

Employment in services > % of total employment 48.1%
Ranked 26th.
78%
Ranked 5th. 62% more than Turkey

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 47.9%
Ranked 171st.
65.4%
Ranked 76th. 37% more than Turkey

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 10.3%
Ranked 4th. 87% more than United States
5.5%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 12.7%
Ranked 45th.
45.7%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 59.5%
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than United States
20.6%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 39.1%
Ranked 41st. 17% more than United States
33.3%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 34.4
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United States
10.3
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 32.8%
Ranked 31st. 99% more than United States
16.5%
Ranked 54th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 23.6%
Ranked 25th.
50.2%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Turkey

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 18%
Ranked 16th. 91% more than United States
9.4%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 18.1%
Ranked 10th. 72% more than United States
10.5%
Ranked 51st.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 18.1%
Ranked 9th. 56% more than United States
11.6%
Ranked 47th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 25.7%
Ranked 29th.
34.5%
Ranked 41st. 34% more than Turkey

Labor force > Note about 1.2 million Turks work abroad (2006 est.) includes unemployed
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -0.849%
Ranked 53th.
1.72%
Ranked 20th.

Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 45.65%
Ranked 73th.
58.96%
Ranked 44th. 29% more than Turkey
GNI growth > Annual % 2.41%
Ranked 68th.
2.42%
Ranked 67th. About the same as Turkey

GNI per capita > Current LCU 18,977.57
Ranked 128th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Turkey

Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 47.59%
Ranked 106th.
72.09%
Ranked 50th. 51% more than Turkey
Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 19.9%
Ranked 36th. 35% more than United States
14.7%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 1.8%
Ranked 35th.
2.4%
Ranked 29th. 33% more than Turkey

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 10.8%
Ranked 31st. 37% more than United States
7.9%
Ranked 44th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 76.5%
Ranked 116th.
87.2%
Ranked 67th. 14% more than Turkey
Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 36.5%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
12.5%
Ranked 25th.

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 97.31%
Ranked 18th. 7% more than United States
90.93%
Ranked 159th.
Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 19.3%
Ranked 22nd. 91% more than United States
10.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Compensation of employees > % of expense 15.58%
Ranked 57th. 20% more than United States
12.96%
Ranked 55th.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 27.2%
Ranked 177th.
70.07%
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than Turkey

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 39.7%
Ranked 28th. 16% more than United States
34.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 19.3%
Ranked 21st. 71% more than United States
11.3%
Ranked 41st.

Force > Female > % of total labor force 26.44%
Ranked 171st.
46.23%
Ranked 44th. 75% more than Turkey

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 0.953%
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than United States
0.254%
Ranked 30th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 0.131%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than United States
0.0412%
Ranked 30th.
Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 14.7%
Ranked 12th. 56% more than United States
9.4%
Ranked 59th.

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 0.588%
Ranked 21st. 25 times more than United States
0.0235%
Ranked 30th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 74.34%
Ranked 71st.
75.54%
Ranked 63th. 2% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 77.26%
Ranked 113th.
85.46%
Ranked 56th. 11% more than Turkey
Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 9.2%
Ranked 22nd.
46.3%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Turkey

Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 39.2%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 25th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 47.07%
Ranked 84th. 14% more than United States
41.42%
Ranked 101st.
Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 46.9%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 25th.

Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 10.3%
Ranked 5th. 91% more than United States
5.4%
Ranked 58th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-90,517,026.55
Ranked 90th.
$859.79 million
Ranked 9th.

Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 9.35%
Ranked 24th.
12.64%
Ranked 18th. 35% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 44.12%
Ranked 48th. 18% more than United States
37.46%
Ranked 59th.
Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 72.8%
Ranked 6th. 9% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 8th.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 13.4%
Ranked 23th.
18.3%
Ranked 19th. 37% more than Turkey

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 3.2%
Ranked 23th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Turkey

GNI > Current LCU per capita 18,977.57
Ranked 127th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Turkey

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 851 million$
Ranked 61st.
2.92 billion$
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Turkey

Expense > % of GDP 23.38%
Ranked 63th.
25.21%
Ranked 60th. 8% more than Turkey

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 42.79%
Ranked 54th.
65.63%
Ranked 21st. 53% more than Turkey

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 62.5%
Ranked 136th.
80.24%
Ranked 63th. 28% more than Turkey
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 77.15%
Ranked 164th.
88.58%
Ranked 137th. 15% more than Turkey

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); OECD; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; OECD; calculated on the basis of data on male and female unemployment rates from OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook 2001. Paris; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a109, Part-time employment rate; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=40+hrs%2fweek&d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a119, Percent working more than 40 hrs/week.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by employment rate; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

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