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Military Stats: compare key data on Turkey & United States

Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Navy > Destroyers: Number of destroyers.
  • Navy > Cruisers: Number of cruisers.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Navy > Amphibious warfare ships: Number of amphibious warfare ships.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • NATO > NATO reserves provided: Reserve personnel.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section
  • Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date: Signed.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Forces in Europe > Artillery: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2005
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2006
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > Aircraft: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2004
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > Helicopters: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2007
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Forces in Europe > Helicopters per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2007. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > ACVs: Conventional armed forces in Europe (ACVs = Armoured Combat Vehicles).
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Forces in Europe > Artillery per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2006. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > ACVs per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe (ACVs = Armoured Combat Vehicles). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Number: Foreign Insurgents captured in Iraq in the 7-month period April–October 2005:
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 10,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Forces in Europe > Aircraft per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Number per million: Foreign Insurgents captured in Iraq in the 7-month period April–October 2005:. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Conscription status: Whether countries prescribe mandatory military services as of 1997.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 100,000 $ gross domestic product.
STAT Turkey United States HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 465
Ranked 2nd.
3,318
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Turkey
Army > Attack helicopters 36
Ranked 9th.
6,417
Ranked 1st. 178 times more than Turkey
Army > Main battle tanks 3,763
Ranked 2nd.
8,725
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Turkey
Battle-related deaths > Number of people 542
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
233
Ranked 18th.
Budget 25 US$ BN
Ranked 5th.
682 US$ BN
Ranked 1st. 27 times more than Turkey
Global Peace Index 2.44
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than United States
2.13
Ranked 4th.

Military service age and obligation 21-41 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary service; 15 months conscript obligation for non-university graduates, 6-12 months for university graduates; conscripts are called to register at age 20, for service at 21; women serve in the Turkish Armed Forces only as officers; reserve obligation to age 41; under a law passed in November 2011, men aged 30 and older, or who have worked 3 years in foreign countries, may pay $16,200 in lieu of mandatory military service 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units
Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 11th.
10
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Corvette warships 9
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United States
2
Ranked 8th.
Navy > Nuclear submarines 0.0
Ranked 4th.
71
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Submarines 13
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United States
2
Ranked 8th.
Paramilitary personnel 45,181
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
11,035
Ranked 1st.
Personnel > Per capita 8.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th. 64% more than United States
5.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th.

Service age and obligation 20 years of age 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines)
War deaths 580
Ranked 13th.
0.0
Ranked 73th.

Armed forces personnel 610,000
Ranked 7th.
1.37 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Turkey
Military expenditures 5.3% of GDP
Ranked 4th. 15% more than United States
4.6% of GDP
Ranked 1st.
Military branches Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Turkish Land Forces (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri), Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Forces (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri) United States Armed Forces: US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 5.3%
Ranked 14th. 31% more than United States
4.06%
Ranked 22nd.
Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 613,000
Ranked 8th.
1.54 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Turkey

Personnel 617,000
Ranked 10th.
1.55 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Turkey

Navy > Frigates 25
Ranked 2nd.
26
Ranked 3rd. 4% more than Turkey
Navy > Destroyers 0.0
Ranked 9th.
62
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Cruisers 0.0
Ranked 4th.
22
Ranked 1st.
Branches Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Turkish Land Forces (Turk Kara Kuvvetleri, TKK), Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri, TDK; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Force (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri, THK) US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard; note - Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy
Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million 7.42
Ranked 12th. 9 times more than United States
0.818
Ranked 27th.
Navy > Amphibious warfare ships 34
Ranked 1st. 13% more than United States
30
Ranked 1st.
Military expenditure > Current LCU 26.31 billion
Ranked 49th.
661.05 billion
Ranked 13th. 25 times more than Turkey

Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 700,079
Ranked 16th.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey

NATO > NATO reserves provided 429,000
Ranked 3rd.
1.46 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Turkey
Weapon holdings 10.05 million
Ranked 9th.
38.54 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Turkey
Armed forces personnel per 1000 9.66
Ranked 24th. Twice as much as United States
4.84
Ranked 57th.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 660,452
Ranked 17th.
2.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Turkey

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Expenditure > Current LCU 1.57156e+016 507089000000
Personnel per 1000 9.11
Ranked 33th. 74% more than United States
5.23
Ranked 70th.

Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries 468
Ranked 12th.
893
Ranked 6th. 91% more than Turkey

Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date 28 Jan 1969 (L, M, W) 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W)
Conscription <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>Conscription</a> exists (WRI). No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a>.
Armed forces growth -3%
Ranked 78th.
-37%
Ranked 107th. 12 times more than Turkey
Imports > USD 723 million
Ranked 9th.
904 million
Ranked 7th. 25% more than Turkey

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 746 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 6th. 93% more than United States
387 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 19th.

NATO > Current members > Date 18 February 1952 April 4 1949
Forces in Europe > Artillery 3,007
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than United States
312
Ranked 19th.
Expenditures 5.3% of GDP
Ranked 6th. 31% more than United States
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th.
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 5.3% of GDP
Ranked 7th. 31% more than United States
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th.
Conventional arms > Exports $18.00 million
Ranked 27th.
$5.45 billion
Ranked 2nd. 303 times more than Turkey
Weapon holdings per 1000 156.77
Ranked 39th. 16% more than United States
135.24
Ranked 43th.
Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people 6.49
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
2.89
Ranked 12th.

Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 None None
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 28 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 23th.
7.1 billion constant 1990 US$
Ranked 1st. 254 times more than Turkey

Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks 2,317
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than United States
684
Ranked 13th.
Employment in arms > Production 45,000
Ranked 14th.
2.32 million
Ranked 2nd. 52 times more than Turkey
Exports > USD 29 million
Ranked 25th.
6.16 billion
Ranked 1st. 212 times more than Turkey

Conventional arms > Exports per capita $0.33
Ranked 28th.
$21.84
Ranked 9th. 66 times more than Turkey
ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2010-12-14 1,790
Ranked 7th.
90,000
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than Turkey
Forces in Europe > Aircraft 358
Ranked 7th. 52% more than United States
235
Ranked 9th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 9.46
Ranked 98th. 37% more than United States
6.89
Ranked 163th.

Forces in Europe > Helicopters 28
Ranked 13th.
115
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Turkey
Conventional arms imports $418.00 million
Ranked 10th.
$533.00 million
Ranked 8th. 28% more than Turkey
Manpower > Availability > Males 20.21 million
Ranked 15th.
72.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

Manpower > Military age 20 years of age 18 years of age
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.035 per $1,000
Ranked 29th.
0.464 per $1,000
Ranked 15th. 13 times more than Turkey
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 24 SEP 1996 24 SEP 1996
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 679,734
Ranked 16th.
2.14 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Turkey
Forces in Europe > Helicopters per million 0.403
Ranked 21st. 6% more than United States
0.382
Ranked 22nd.
Forces in Europe > ACVs 2,846
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
1,397
Ranked 12th.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 700,079
Ranked 16th.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey
Forces in Europe > Artillery per million 44.39
Ranked 11th. 42 times more than United States
1.06
Ranked 25th.
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 None None
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 11.01 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 26th. 8 times more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 56th.

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 388.54 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 29th.
23,956.65 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 5th. 62 times more than Turkey

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates $100.00 million
Ranked 21st.
$83.44 billion
Ranked 1st. 834 times more than Turkey
Employment in arms > Production per 1000 0.702
Ranked 30th.
8.14
Ranked 2nd. 12 times more than Turkey
Manpower > Availability > Females 19.43 million
Ranked 15th.
71.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 17.01 million
Ranked 16th.
59.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Turkey

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 19.53 million
Ranked 17th.
73.6 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 10.35 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 27th. 8 times more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 57th.

Conventional arms imports per capita $7.74
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than United States
$2.14
Ranked 51st.
Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks per million 33.76
Ranked 13th. 15 times more than United States
2.29
Ranked 24th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 9.29
Ranked 105th. 40% more than United States
6.65
Ranked 159th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 670,328
Ranked 16th.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 16.43 million
Ranked 15th.
59.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Turkey

ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2009-12-09 1,755
Ranked 8th.
45,780
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than Turkey
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 288.36
Ranked 18th. 16% more than United States
249.05
Ranked 85th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid $50.00 million
Ranked 12th.
$20.90 billion
Ranked 1st. 418 times more than Turkey
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 9.78
Ranked 61st. 37% more than United States
7.12
Ranked 107th.
Forces in Europe > ACVs per million 43.16
Ranked 17th. 9 times more than United States
4.82
Ranked 25th.
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.822 per $1,000
Ranked 23th. 18 times more than United States
0.045 per $1,000
Ranked 81st.
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita $0.72
Ranked 23th.
$69.38
Ranked 3rd. 96 times more than Turkey
Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Number 6
Ranked 11th.
15
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Turkey
Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP $3.31 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 22nd.
$71.51 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th. 22 times more than Turkey
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 233.55
Ranked 16th. 20% more than United States
194.63
Ranked 73th.

Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 276.18
Ranked 17th. 17% more than United States
235.58
Ranked 92nd.

Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 11.05%
Ranked 20th.
19.26%
Ranked 7th. 74% more than Turkey

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP 0.0188%
Ranked 22nd.
0.627%
Ranked 12th. 33 times more than Turkey
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 2.38%
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United States
0.97%
Ranked 71st.

Forces in Europe > Aircraft per million 5.36
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than United States
0.803
Ranked 24th.
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.277%
Ranked 30th. 30 times more than United States
0.00927%
Ranked 75th.
Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Number per million 0.0886
Ranked 16th. 74% more than United States
0.0508
Ranked 17th.
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 0.413 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 29th.
24.03 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 5th. 58 times more than Turkey

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 638,527
Ranked 17th.
2.08 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Turkey

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 670328 2055685
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 700079 2161727
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 670,328
Ranked 16th.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Turkey
Personnel > % of total labor force 2.32%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
0.99%
Ranked 83th.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 8.68
Ranked 122nd. 27% more than United States
6.83
Ranked 165th.
Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita $1.46
Ranked 23th.
$279.63
Ranked 12th. 192 times more than Turkey
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 9.39
Ranked 108th. 31% more than United States
7.19
Ranked 148th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 241.77
Ranked 17th. 24% more than United States
195.38
Ranked 85th.

Expenditure > % of GDP 3.23%
Ranked 16th.
4.08%
Ranked 11th. 26% more than Turkey

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.0119%
Ranked 31st.
0.0948%
Ranked 14th. 8 times more than Turkey
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 9.29
Ranked 104th. 40% more than United States
6.65
Ranked 158th.
Conscription status Yes No(The United States abandoned the draft in 1973 under President Richard Nixon, ended the Selective Service registration requirement in 1975 under President Gerald Ford, and then re-instated the Selective Service registration requirement in 1980 under President Jimmy Carter. Today the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Service_System">U.S. Selective Service System</a> remains as a contingency, should a military draft be re-introduced. For more information see the website.) Registration remains required.
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP 0.00773%
Ranked 15th.
0.15%
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Turkey
Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.76%
Ranked 29th.
4.64%
Ranked 8th. 68% more than Turkey

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 9.07
Ranked 105th. 33% more than United States
6.84
Ranked 151st.

Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 287.27
Ranked 20th. 20% more than United States
239.12
Ranked 119th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 8.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 126th. 30% more than United States
6.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 168th.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.279 per capita
Ranked 37th. 11% more than United States
0.251 per capita
Ranked 103th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 9.19 per 1,000 people
Ranked 125th. 28% more than United States
7.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 165th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP $16.56 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th.
$179.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Turkey

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/.; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Wikipedia: Member states of NATO (Military personnel); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012; Wikipedia: List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Ratified or acceded states); Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Wikipedia: NATO; Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE): A Review and Update of Key Treaty Elements (US Department of State: Washington, DC, Jan. 2002). Joint Consultative Group (JCG), Group on Treaty Operation and Implementation, JCG document JCG.TOI/22/03, 23 June 2003; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: ISAF troop number statistics; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007; Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE): A Review and Update of Key Treaty Elements (US Department of State: Washington, DC, Jan. 2002). Joint Consultative Group (JCG), Group on Treaty Operation and Implementation, JCG document JCG.TOI/22/03, 23 June 2003. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Alan B. Krueger: The National Origins of Foreign Fighters in IraqPrinceton University and NBER, 30 December 2006.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Alan B. Krueger: The National Origins of Foreign Fighters in IraqPrinceton University and NBER, 30 December 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

Citation

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