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Transport Stats: compare key data on United States & Vietnam

Definitions

  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Roadways > Paved: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Motor vehicle > Production: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches.
  • Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Motor vehicle > Production per 1000: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Container port traffic: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available.
  • Highways > Paved > Per capita: total length of the paved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roadways > Total: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Heliports: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services).
  • Pipelines: The lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products
  • Container port traffic per 1000: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports per million: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Paved: total length of the paved parts of the highway system
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Total: total length of the highway system
  • Road > Length of motorways per capita: Kilometers of motorways per million residents.
  • Railways > Total: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Waterways per million: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
  • Roadways > Paved per thousand people: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Vehicle abundance: Vehicles per populated land area
    Units: Vehicles/Populated Land Area (in km2)
    Units: Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then utilized this land area as the denominator for the vehicles data.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces)
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Ports and harbors: The major ports and harbors selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. This is determined by evaluating a number of factors (e.g., dollar value of goods handled, gross tonnage, facilities, and military significance).
  • Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Total network > Km: Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Total per 1000: total length of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Merchant marine > Total: 1000 GRT or over
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Ships by type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all non-military ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.; or a grouping of merchant ships by nationality o
  • Airports > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste."
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Highways > Unpaved: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Gas price > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Aircraft departures: Aircraft departures are the number of domestic and international take-offs of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles (per km of road). Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010).
  • Railways > Standard gauge: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge
  • Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of diesel fuel. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Highways > Unpaved > Per capita: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita: Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Roadways > Total per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roadways > Unpaved per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste."
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Railways > Total > Per $ GDP: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Total per million: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Paved per 1000: total length of the paved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1,523 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Per capita: 1000 GRT or over Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Merchant marine > By type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Heliports > Per capita: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Container port traffic > TEU > 20 foot equivalent units: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units."
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Highways > Unpaved per 1000: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pipelines > All types: The lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products"
  • Pipelines > Total length per million: Total length of all pipelines. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Aircraft departures per 1000: Aircraft departures are the number of domestic and international take-offs of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered cases). Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per $ GDP: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide > Per capita: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Paved > % of total roads: Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length."
  • Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Pipelines > Total length: Total length of all pipelines
  • Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online."
  • Pipelines > Total length > Per $ GDP: Total length of all pipelines Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Waterways > A note: The individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance (% of GDP). Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Registered in other countries per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Per $ GDP: 1000 GRT or over Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Merchant marine > Foreign-owned: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Maritime > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Heliports per million: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Registered in other countries: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i: The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible)."
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Foreign-owned per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads: Roads, paved (% of total roads). Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Railways > Standard gauge per million: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Pipelines > Gas: Total length of gas pipelines
  • Railways > Standard gauge > Per $ GDP: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Merchant marine > Total per million: 1000 GRT or over. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pipelines > Gas per million: Total length of gas pipelines. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient: Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient."
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights.
  • Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.
  • Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste. Total energy consumption is the total country energy consumption."
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth: Services, etc., value added (annual % growth). Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
STAT United States Vietnam HISTORY
Airports 13,513
Ranked 1st. 300 times more than Vietnam
45
Ranked 97th.

Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 929.19 billion
Ranked 1st. 158 times more than Vietnam
5.9 billion
Ranked 66th.

Highways > Total > Per capita 22.22 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Vietnam
1.2 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 98th.
Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 819.79
Ranked 3rd. 61 times more than Vietnam
13.46
Ranked 119th.

Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 450.67
Ranked 23th. 33 times more than Vietnam
13.46
Ranked 109th.
Ports and terminals <strong>cargo ports (tonnage): </strong>Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Hampton Roads, Houston, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Plaquemines, Tampa, Texas City<br /><strong>container ports (TEUs):</strong> Los Angeles (7,849,985), Long Beach (6,350,125), New York/New Jersey (5,265,058), Savannah (2,616,126), Oakland (2,236,244), Hampton Roads (2,083,278) (2008)<br /><strong>cruise departure ports (passengers):</strong> Miami (2,032,000), Port Everglades (1,277,000), Port Canaveral (1,189,000), Seattle (430,000), Long Beach (415,000) (2009)<br /><strong>oil terminals:</strong> LOOP terminal, Haymark terminal Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Ho Chi Minh, Phu My, Quy Nhon
Rail > Railway length 224,792 km
Ranked 1st. 71 times more than Vietnam
3,147 km
Ranked 49th.
Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 797
Ranked 3rd. 35 times more than Vietnam
23
Ranked 151st.
Road > Motorway density 7.79 m of motorway per square km
Ranked 18th.
113 m of motorway per square km
Ranked 34th. 15 times more than United States
Road > Motorway length 75,008 km
Ranked 1st. 750 times more than Vietnam
100 km
Ranked 80th.
Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 68
Ranked 27th. 40% more than Vietnam
48.61
Ranked 25th.

Road network length > Km
Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 423
Ranked 30th. 33 times more than Vietnam
13
Ranked 117th.
Vehicles > Per km of road 31
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than Vietnam
7.16
Ranked 42nd.
Waterways 41,009 km
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Vietnam
17,702 km
Ranked 2nd.

Roadways > Unpaved 2.28 million km
Ranked 1st. 48 times more than Vietnam
47,130 km
Ranked 7th.

Rail lines > Total route-km 227,058
Ranked 1st. 72 times more than Vietnam
3,147
Ranked 44th.

Airports > Per capita 49.63 per 1 million people
Ranked 42nd. 96 times more than Vietnam
0.516 per 1 million people
Ranked 217th.

Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita 2,960.02
Ranked 25th. 45 times more than Vietnam
66.43
Ranked 176th.

Air transport > Passengers carried 701.78 million
Ranked 1st. 70 times more than Vietnam
9.99 million
Ranked 27th.

Railways > Total > Per capita 0.752 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than Vietnam
0.027 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 97th.

Airports > With paved runways > Total 5,054
Ranked 1st. 133 times more than Vietnam
38
Ranked 53th.

Roadways > Paved 4.3 million km
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Vietnam
148,338 km
Ranked 15th.

Motor vehicle > Production 5.71 million
Ranked 4th. 224 times more than Vietnam
25,480
Ranked 42nd.

Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km 37,357.64 million tons/km
Ranked 1st. 162 times more than Vietnam
230.19 million tons/km
Ranked 46th.

Motor vehicle > Production per 1000 18.62
Ranked 14th. 63 times more than Vietnam
0.296
Ranked 45th.

Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km 9,935
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Vietnam
4,659
Ranked 32nd.

Container port traffic 38.52 million TEU
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Vietnam
2.69 million TEU
Ranked 27th.

Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 797
Ranked 2nd. 61 times more than Vietnam
13
Ranked 128th.
Highways > Paved > Per capita 14.39 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 48 times more than Vietnam
0.302 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 83th.
Roadways > Total 6.59 million km
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Vietnam
206,633 km
Ranked 24th.

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 5.6
Ranked 17th. 65% more than Vietnam
3.4
Ranked 115th.

Heliports 5,287
Ranked 1st. 5287 times more than Vietnam
1
Ranked 84th.

Pipelines petroleum products 244,620 km; natural gas 548,665 km condensate/gas 42 km; gas 66 km; refined products 206 km
Container port traffic per 1000 130.34 TEU
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than Vietnam
32.7 TEU
Ranked 47th.

Airports per million 48.75
Ranked 27th. 96 times more than Vietnam
0.506
Ranked 191st.

Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita 6.32 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 26 times more than Vietnam
0.244 per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th.

Highways > Paved 4.15 million km
Ranked 1st. 177 times more than Vietnam
23,418 km
Ranked 28th.
Roads > Roads, total network > Km 6.55 million
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Vietnam
160,089
Ranked 21st.

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high 3.96
Ranked 10th. 48% more than Vietnam
2.68
Ranked 81st.

Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0125
Ranked 150th.
0.0338
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than United States

Highways > Total 6.41 million km
Ranked 1st. 69 times more than Vietnam
93,300 km
Ranked 23th.
Road > Length of motorways per capita 10.21 mm
Ranked 36th.
30 mm
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than United States
Railways > Total 224,792 km
Ranked 1st. 85 times more than Vietnam
2,632 km
Ranked 62nd.

Waterways per million 134.86 km
Ranked 4th.
201.53 km
Ranked 4th. 49% more than United States

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km 228,513
Ranked 2nd. 97 times more than Vietnam
2,347
Ranked 52nd.

Roadways > Paved per thousand people 13.59 km
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Vietnam
1.6 km
Ranked 82nd.

Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 9,518
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Vietnam
4,571
Ranked 34th.

Vehicle abundance 46.56 per square km
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Vietnam
10.93 per square km
Ranked 49th.
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million 30.55
Ranked 63th.
52.04
Ranked 57th. 70% more than United States

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 8,459
Ranked 1st. 1208 times more than Vietnam
7
Ranked 140th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m 1,552
Ranked 2nd. 517 times more than Vietnam
3
Ranked 121st.

Ports and harbors Anchorage, Baltimore, Boston, Charleston, Chicago, Duluth, Hampton Roads, Honolulu, Houston, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, Port Canaveral, Portland (Oregon), Prudhoe Bay, San Francisco, Savannah, Seattle, Tampa, Toledo Cam Ranh, Da Nang, Haiphong, Ho Chi Minh City, Ha Long, Quy Nhon, Nha Trang, Vinh, Vung Tau
Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita 2,309.82 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 20 times more than Vietnam
116.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th.

Roads > Total network > Km 6.54 million
Ranked 1st. 41 times more than Vietnam
160,089
Ranked 14th.

Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km 39,313.6
Ranked 1st. 133 times more than Vietnam
295.76
Ranked 33th.

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0126
Ranked 150th.
0.0302
Ranked 143th. 2 times more than United States

Highways > Total per 1000 22.27 km
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Vietnam
1.22 km
Ranked 98th.
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m 189
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Vietnam
10
Ranked 25th.

Merchant marine > Total 393
Ranked 26th.
579
Ranked 20th. 47% more than United States

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt 12.62 million Dwt
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than Vietnam
2.68 million Dwt
Ranked 39th.

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $8.76 billion
Ranked 1st. 626 times more than Vietnam
$14.00 million
Ranked 37th.

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried 736.62 million
Ranked 1st. 43 times more than Vietnam
17.05 million
Ranked 32nd.

Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 0.292
Ranked 138th.
0.549
Ranked 128th. 88% more than United States

Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000 21.16
Ranked 10th. 11 times more than Vietnam
1.9
Ranked 72nd.

Merchant marine > Ships by type barge carrier 2, bulk 71, cargo 26, chemical tanker 13, combination bulk 2, combination ore/oil 1, container 79, freighter 15, heavy lift carrier 3, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 73, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 46, short-sea passenger 2, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 9 bulk 13, cargo 128, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 1, container 9, liquefied gas 4, petroleum tanker 21, refrigerated cargo 3
Airports > Per $ GDP 1.12 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 119th. 2 times more than Vietnam
0.526 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 137th.

Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 1.78
Ranked 5th. 20 times more than Vietnam
0.09
Ranked 97th.

Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 367,117
Ranked 1st. 122 times more than Vietnam
3,015
Ranked 32nd.

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million 733.38
Ranked 9th. 27 times more than Vietnam
26.72
Ranked 84th.

Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people 7.1
Ranked 21st. 73 times more than Vietnam
0.0973
Ranked 131st.

Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km 1.89 million
Ranked 1st. 92 times more than Vietnam
20,537.1
Ranked 21st.

Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita 17.08 per 1 million people
Ranked 41st. 39 times more than Vietnam
0.434 per 1 million people
Ranked 198th.

Highways > Unpaved 2.26 million km
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Vietnam
69,882 km
Ranked 14th.
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m per million people 0.597
Ranked 41st. 6 times more than Vietnam
0.108
Ranked 124th.

Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m 1,478
Ranked 1st. 114 times more than Vietnam
13
Ranked 39th.

Gas price > US$ per liter $0.56
Ranked 144th.
$0.80
Ranked 124th. 43% more than United States

Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km 2.79 million
Ranked 1st. 713 times more than Vietnam
3,910
Ranked 48th.

Aircraft departures 8.53 million
Ranked 1st. 241 times more than Vietnam
35,400
Ranked 51st.
Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000 22.08
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than Vietnam
0.796
Ranked 46th.

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 2,346.56
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Vietnam
192.09
Ranked 88th.

Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road 37.69
Ranked 29th. 5 times more than Vietnam
7
Ranked 71st.
Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high 3.93
Ranked 9th. 31% more than Vietnam
3
Ranked 54th.

Railways > Standard gauge 224,792 km
Ranked 1st. 427 times more than Vietnam
527 km
Ranked 21st.

Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 179.9
Ranked 177th.
665.31
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million 0.577
Ranked 196th.
7.57
Ranked 172nd. 13 times more than United States

Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million 0.608
Ranked 195th.
7.45
Ranked 171st. 12 times more than United States

Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km 2.52 million
Ranked 2nd. 616 times more than Vietnam
4,101
Ranked 42nd.

Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter $0.78
Ranked 118th. 1% more than Vietnam
$0.77
Ranked 119th.

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m 903
Ranked 1st. 151 times more than Vietnam
6
Ranked 47th.
Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container $1,090.00
Ranked 105th. 79% more than Vietnam
$610.00
Ranked 177th.

Highways > Unpaved > Per capita 7.83 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Vietnam
0.902 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 73th.
Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita 26.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 46 times more than Vietnam
0.579 per 1,000 people
Ranked 20th.

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km 2.13 million
Ranked 2nd. 59 times more than Vietnam
36,179
Ranked 20th.

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ $650.56 billion
Ranked 2nd. 68 times more than Vietnam
$9.60 billion
Ranked 54th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $2.21 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Vietnam
$124.17 billion
Ranked 36th.

Roadways > Total per 1000 21.4 km
Ranked 6th. 11 times more than Vietnam
2.01 km
Ranked 40th.

Roadways > Unpaved per 1000 7.01 km
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Vietnam
0.536 km
Ranked 23th.

Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 42.9 million
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Vietnam
6.32 million
Ranked 22nd.

Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 137.69
Ranked 56th. 91% more than Vietnam
72
Ranked 73th.

Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide 9.05 million
Ranked 1st. 121 times more than Vietnam
74,739
Ranked 35th.

Road sector energy > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 537,853
Ranked 1st. 74 times more than Vietnam
7,282
Ranked 34th.

Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 1.22
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Vietnam
0.04
Ranked 94th.

Railways > Total > Per $ GDP 18.25 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 96th.
42.7 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 73th. 2 times more than United States

Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 6.83 million
Ranked 1st. 99 times more than Vietnam
69,197.4
Ranked 28th.

Railways > Total per million 751.67 km
Ranked 1st. 27 times more than Vietnam
27.57 km
Ranked 97th.

Highways > Paved per 1000 14.42 km
Ranked 2nd. 47 times more than Vietnam
0.306 km
Ranked 84th.
Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1,523 m 2,249
Ranked 1st. 250 times more than Vietnam
9
Ranked 43th.

Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.00637
Ranked 109th.
0.0225
Ranked 101st. 4 times more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per capita 0.744 per 1 million people
Ranked 59th. 13 times more than Vietnam
0.059 per 1 million people
Ranked 147th.

Merchant marine > Total > Per capita 1.39 per 1 million people
Ranked 108th.
4.49 per 1 million people
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than United States

Merchant marine > By type barge carrier 6, bulk carrier 58, cargo 58, carrier 3, chemical tanker 30, container 87, passenger 18, passenger/cargo 56, petroleum tanker 45, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 27, vehicle carrier 27 barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 103, cargo 330, chemical tanker 24, container 20, liquefied gas 7, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 46, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1
Heliports > Per capita 0.485 per 1 million people
Ranked 30th. 40 times more than Vietnam
0.012 per 1 million people
Ranked 94th.
Container port traffic > TEU > 20 foot equivalent units 40.35 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Vietnam
4.39 million
Ranked 25th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP 594.39 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 86th. 18 times more than Vietnam
32.85 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 144th.

Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per $ GDP 0.388 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 123th.
0.427 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 116th. 10% more than United States

Highways > Unpaved per 1000 7.85 km
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Vietnam
0.912 km
Ranked 70th.
Pipelines > All types petroleum products 244,620 km; natural gas 548,665 km (2003) condensate/gas 432 km; gas 210 km; oil 3 km; refined products 206 km (2004)
Pipelines > Total length per million 2,658.64 km
Ranked 5th. 261 times more than Vietnam
10.18 km
Ranked 111th.
Aircraft departures per 1000 28.88
Ranked 19th. 67 times more than Vietnam
0.43
Ranked 122nd.
Maritime > Time to import > Days 5
Ranked 183th.
21
Ranked 86th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 91.7
Ranked 6th. 88% more than Vietnam
48.71
Ranked 21st.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 3.67
Ranked 13th. 38% more than Vietnam
2.65
Ranked 62nd.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $4.13
Ranked 54th. 1% more than Vietnam
$4.10
Ranked 56th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita 26.27 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st. 751 times more than Vietnam
0.035 per 1 million people
Ranked 174th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU 2.74 trillion
Ranked 35th.
2,483.57 trillion
Ranked 1st. 905 times more than United States

Merchant marine > Total > GRT 10.31 million GRT
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than Vietnam
1.74 million GRT
Ranked 41st.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 8,738.38
Ranked 107th.
27.98 million
Ranked 2nd. 3201 times more than United States

Maritime > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 78%
Ranked 110th.
93%
Ranked 14th. 19% more than United States

Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per $ GDP 0.802 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 104th.
23.39 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 33th. 29 times more than United States

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP 1 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 102nd.
36 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 31st. 36 times more than United States

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $1.56 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Vietnam
$114.57 billion
Ranked 35th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP 130.89 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 106th. 4 times more than Vietnam
32.85 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 127th.

Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 2.45%
Ranked 26th.
3.64%
Ranked 38th. 49% more than United States

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 10.1%
Ranked 45th.
24.14%
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than United States

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.23%
Ranked 73th. 90% more than Vietnam
0.648%
Ranked 99th.

Maritime > Food exports > % of merchandise exports 10.15%
Ranked 53th.
18.59%
Ranked 58th. 83% more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP 71.66 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 55th.
171.06 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than United States
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per $ GDP 14.32 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 105th.
131.4 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 46th. 9 times more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per $ GDP 16.74 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 119th.
82.12 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 87th. 5 times more than United States

Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide > Per capita 29.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th. 34 times more than Vietnam
0.868 per 1,000 people
Ranked 76th.

Roads > Paved > % of total roads 65.34%
Ranked 26th. 37% more than Vietnam
47.62%
Ranked 27th.

Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 127,002
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Vietnam
4,055
Ranked 31st.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $2.30 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than Vietnam
$104.69 billion
Ranked 31st.

Pipelines > Total length 793,285 km
Ranked 1st. 935 times more than Vietnam
848 km
Ranked 84th.
Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use 15.04%
Ranked 27th.
-8.799%
Ranked 93th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 22.8%
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Vietnam
1.97%
Ranked 63th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 1.49%
Ranked 75th. 24% more than Vietnam
1.2%
Ranked 83th.

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 82.43
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Vietnam
26.39
Ranked 34th.

Merchant marine > Note includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Canada 4, Denmark 15, France 1, Germany 1, Netherlands 3, Norway 7, Puerto Rico 4, Singapore 11, Sweden 1, United Kingdom 3; also, the US owns 549 additional ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 29,616,347 DWT that operate under the registries of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Cambodia, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, Finland, Gibraltar, Hong Kong (China), Indonesia, Isle of Man, Italy, Liberia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, Norway, Norway (NIS), Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, Tonga, UK, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Cambodia 1, Japan 1, Singapore 1, UK 2
Pipelines > Total length > Per $ GDP 67.99 km per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 53th. 4 times more than Vietnam
18.76 km per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 81st.
Waterways > A note navigable inland channels, exclusive of the Great Lakes more than 5,149 km are navigable at all times by vessels up to 1.8 m draft
Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 124.57
Ranked 15th. 23 times more than Vietnam
5.46
Ranked 61st.

Maritime > Current account balance > % of GDP -2.711%
Ranked 64th.
5.82%
Ranked 20th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 14.11%
Ranked 129th.
87.65%
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth 3.54%
Ranked 41st.
15.71%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $2.74 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than Vietnam
$119.24 billion
Ranked 35th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million 31.96
Ranked 24th. 397 times more than Vietnam
0.0805
Ranked 177th.

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million 3.15
Ranked 20th. 42 times more than Vietnam
0.0754
Ranked 100th.
Merchant marine > Registered in other countries per million 2.37
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Vietnam
0.966
Ranked 65th.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $7,335.49
Ranked 39th. 6 times more than Vietnam
$1,179.24
Ranked 106th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita 0.508 per 1 million people
Ranked 50th. 42 times more than Vietnam
0.012 per 1 million people
Ranked 121st.

Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.956%
Ranked 66th.
1%
Ranked 63th. 5% more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU 1.85 trillion
Ranked 23th.
1,991.64 trillion
Ranked 1st. 1078 times more than United States

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $2.23 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 31 times more than Vietnam
$72.31 billion
Ranked 37th.

Merchant marine > Total > Per $ GDP 0.035 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 119th.
4.38 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 28th. 125 times more than United States

Merchant marine > Foreign-owned None
2
Ranked 96th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita 5,885.16
Ranked 80th.
22.43 million
Ranked 1st. 3812 times more than United States

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita $8,738.38
Ranked 29th. 7 times more than Vietnam
$1,343.18
Ranked 99th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $7,118.08
Ranked 32nd. 9 times more than Vietnam
$814.54
Ranked 82nd.

Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km 39,104.42
Ranked 1st. 81 times more than Vietnam
485.09
Ranked 37th.

Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days 2
Ranked 67th. The same as Vietnam
2
Ranked 66th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high 4.14
Ranked 4th. 54% more than Vietnam
2.68
Ranked 73th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per capita 41.9 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th. 33% more than Vietnam
31.44 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 85th.

Maritime > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 18.68%
Ranked 42nd. 56% more than Vietnam
11.98%
Ranked 108th.

Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per capita 34.23 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th. 68% more than Vietnam
20.41 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 90th.

Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million -1,743,152,361.073
Ranked 80th.
1.28 trillion
Ranked 3rd.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m > Per $ GDP 0.076 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 23th.
28.51 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 15th. 375 times more than United States
Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $27.91
Ranked 7th. 166 times more than Vietnam
$0.17
Ranked 46th.

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0559%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Vietnam
0.023%
Ranked 24th.
Airports > With unpaved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m per million people 0.442
Ranked 54th. 41 times more than Vietnam
0.0108
Ranked 119th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high 3.56
Ranked 16th. 13% more than Vietnam
3.14
Ranked 38th.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ $1.30 billion
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Vietnam
$364.00 million
Ranked 22nd.

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $4,975.59
Ranked 44th. 4 times more than Vietnam
$1,290.59
Ranked 82nd.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.00827%
Ranked 80th.
0.257%
Ranked 19th. 31 times more than United States

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $2,072.43
Ranked 50th. 19 times more than Vietnam
$108.14
Ranked 119th.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 14.68%
Ranked 133th.
73.9%
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than United States

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $8,751.07
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than Vietnam
$1,320.27
Ranked 111th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt per capita 0.0419 Dwt
Ranked 74th. 32% more than Vietnam
0.0318 Dwt
Ranked 80th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $2.75 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 23 times more than Vietnam
$117.21 billion
Ranked 35th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people 4.9
Ranked 36th. 151 times more than Vietnam
0.0324
Ranked 157th.

Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m per million people 0.749
Ranked 58th. 11 times more than Vietnam
0.0676
Ranked 152nd.

Merchant marine > A note includes some foreign-owned <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> registered here as a flag of convenience: <a href=/country/as><a href=/country/as>Australia</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/ca>Canada</a> 4, <a href=/country/da><a href=/country/da>Denmark</a></a> 15, <a href=/country/fr>France</a> 1, <a href=/country/gm><a href=/country/gm>Germany</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/nl>Netherlands</a> 3, <a href=/country/no><a href=/country/no>Norway</a></a> 7, <a href=/country/rq>Puerto Rico</a> 4, <a href=/country/sn><a href=/country/sn>Singapore</a></a> 11, <a href=/country/sw>Sweden</a> 1, <a href=/country/uk><a href=/country/uk>United Kingdom</a></a> 3; also, the <a href=/country/us>US</a> owns 549 additional <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> (1,000 <a href=/kp/GRT>GRT</a> or over) totaling 29,616,347 <a href=/kp/DWT>DWT</a> that operate under the registries of <a href=/country/ac>Antigua and Barbuda</a>, <a href=/country/as>Australia</a>, <a href=/country/bf>The Bahamas</a>, <a href=/country/bh>Belize</a>, <a href=/country/bd>Bermuda</a>, <a href=/country/cb>Cambodia</a>, <a href=/country/ca>Canada</a>, <a href=/country/cj>Cayman Islands</a>, <a href=/country/cy>Cyprus</a>, <a href=/country/fi>Finland</a>, <a href=/country/gi><a href=/country/gi>Gibraltar</a></a>, <a href=/country/hk>Hong Kong</a> (<a href=/country/ch>China</a>), <a href=/country/id>Indonesia</a>, <a href=/country/im>Isle of Man</a>, <a href=/country/it>Italy</a>, <a href=/country/li>Liberia</a>, <a href=/country/mt>Malta</a>, <a href=/country/rm>Marshall Islands</a>, <a href=/country/nl><a href=/country/nl>Netherlands</a></a>, <a href=/country/no>Norway</a>, <a href=/country/no>Norway</a> (<a href=/kp/NIS>NIS</a>), <a href=/country/pm>Panama</a>, <a href=/country/pe>Peru</a>, <a href=/country/rp>Philippines</a>, <a href=/country/vc>Saint Vincent and the Grenadines</a>, <a href=/country/sn><a href=/country/sn>Singapore</a></a>, <a href=/country/tn>Tonga</a>, <a href=/kp/UK>UK</a>, <a href=/country/nh>Vanuatu</a>, and <a href=/country/wf>Wallis and Futuna</a> (2002 est.) includes some foreign-owned <a href=/kp/ships>ships</a> registered here as a flag of convenience: <a href=/country/cb><a href=/country/cb>Cambodia</a></a> 1, <a href=/country/ja>Japan</a> 1, <a href=/country/sn>Singapore</a> 1, <a href=/country/uk>United Kingdom</a> 2 (2002 est.)
Heliports per million 0.407
Ranked 27th. 35 times more than Vietnam
0.0115
Ranked 91st.

Maritime > Documents to export > Number 3
Ranked 179th.
5
Ranked 123th. 67% more than United States

Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total 1.52 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Vietnam
522,000
Ranked 15th.

Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU -547,200,000,000
Ranked 124th.
113.7 trillion
Ranked 1st.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth 2.22%
Ranked 73th.
9.09%
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU -387,030,397,422.29
Ranked 89th.
25.96 trillion
Ranked 3rd.

Maritime > Time to import > Days per million 0.0159
Ranked 188th.
0.237
Ranked 167th. 15 times more than United States

Merchant marine > Registered in other countries 794
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than Vietnam
86
Ranked 30th.

Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days per million 0.00637
Ranked 112th.
0.0225
Ranked 102nd. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0113
Ranked 151st.
0.0354
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than United States

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0131
Ranked 150th.
0.0356
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than United States

Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total per 1000 4.88
Ranked 67th.
5.94
Ranked 52nd. 22% more than United States

Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million -1,232,918,404.74
Ranked 66th.
292.41 billion
Ranked 5th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 0.137%
Ranked 144th.
0.0
Ranked 180th.

Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i 5.67
Ranked 12th. 73% more than Vietnam
3.28
Ranked 95th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m 140
Ranked 1st. 140 times more than Vietnam
1
Ranked 94th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > % of GDP 16.89%
Ranked 141st.
76.53%
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than United States

Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 3.68%
Ranked 42nd. 4 times more than Vietnam
0.835%
Ranked 118th.

Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m 235
Ranked 1st. 39 times more than Vietnam
6
Ranked 67th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m per million 25.77
Ranked 16th. 747 times more than Vietnam
0.0345
Ranked 165th.

Merchant marine > Foreign-owned per million 0.278
Ranked 79th. 12 times more than Vietnam
0.0235
Ranked 103th.

Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports per million 0.00664
Ranked 142nd.
0.028
Ranked 133th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000 31.41
Ranked 18th. 20 times more than Vietnam
1.6
Ranked 100th.

Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m per million people 4.67
Ranked 37th. 33 times more than Vietnam
0.141
Ranked 160th.

Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million 0.457
Ranked 196th.
3.74
Ranked 164th. 8 times more than United States

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 30.98%
Ranked 56th. 29% more than Vietnam
23.94%
Ranked 84th.

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons 1,638.11
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than Vietnam
32.88
Ranked 31st.

Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million 0.00956
Ranked 185th.
0.0563
Ranked 174th. 6 times more than United States

Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container $1,315.00
Ranked 104th. 2 times more than Vietnam
$600.00
Ranked 181st.

Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 8.1
Ranked 4th. 174 times more than Vietnam
0.0467
Ranked 66th.

Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads 100%
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Vietnam
47.6%
Ranked 39th.

Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 9.86 million
Ranked 1st. 69 times more than Vietnam
141,913
Ranked 34th.

Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP 108.02 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 96th.
180.67 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 77th. 67% more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita 4.82 per 1 million people
Ranked 32nd. 32 times more than Vietnam
0.152 per 1 million people
Ranked 156th.

Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita 0.634 per 1 million people
Ranked 38th. 6 times more than Vietnam
0.106 per 1 million people
Ranked 121st.

Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita 7.71 per 1 million people
Ranked 19th. 66 times more than Vietnam
0.117 per 1 million people
Ranked 130th.

Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP 177.02 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Vietnam
32.85 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 110th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita 0.003 per 1 million people
Ranked 28th.
0.013 per 1 million people
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than United States
Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m 6,760
Ranked 1st. 2253 times more than Vietnam
3
Ranked 133th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita 32.56 per 1 million people
Ranked 30th. 397 times more than Vietnam
0.082 per 1 million people
Ranked 186th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 17.49%
Ranked 136th.
84.17%
Ranked 13th. 5 times more than United States

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 14.25%
Ranked 103th.
51.04%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU -58,705,725,363.353
Ranked 96th.
64.03 trillion
Ranked 1st.

Railways > Standard gauge per million 751.67 km
Ranked 1st. 359 times more than Vietnam
2.09 km
Ranked 47th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 17.51%
Ranked 135th.
82.73%
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than United States

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 4.15%
Ranked 106th.
6.78%
Ranked 89th. 63% more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > Total per million 16.79
Ranked 23th. 39 times more than Vietnam
0.426
Ranked 173th.

Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 24.72%
Ranked 23th. 16 times more than Vietnam
1.55%
Ranked 135th.
Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days 2
Ranked 79th. The same as Vietnam
2
Ranked 77th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports 3.79%
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Vietnam
1.85%
Ranked 81st.

Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100 189.33
Ranked 153th.
654.24
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 6,995.23
Ranked 107th.
29.26 million
Ranked 2nd. 4182 times more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU 2.2 trillion
Ranked 32nd.
2,597.26 trillion
Ranked 1st. 1183 times more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP 13.52%
Ranked 131st.
80.03%
Ranked 15th. 6 times more than United States

Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita -187.012
Ranked 66th.
721,247.88
Ranked 3rd.

Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports 2.08
Ranked 119th.
2.48
Ranked 114th. 19% more than United States

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita 3.17 per 1 million people
Ranked 26th. 42 times more than Vietnam
0.075 per 1 million people
Ranked 99th.
Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP 11.89 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 98th.
32.85 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than United States

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita 5.75 per 1 million people
Ranked 39th. 164 times more than Vietnam
0.035 per 1 million people
Ranked 162nd.

Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 12.84%
Ranked 14th. 53% more than Vietnam
8.4%
Ranked 36th.

Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 2.27%
Ranked 46th.
4.36%
Ranked 25th. 92% more than United States

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $7,048.02
Ranked 48th. 5 times more than Vietnam
$1,398.73
Ranked 98th.

Pipelines > Gas 548,665 km
Ranked 1st. 575 times more than Vietnam
955 km
Ranked 69th.

Railways > Standard gauge > Per $ GDP 18.25 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 29th. 6 times more than Vietnam
2.92 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 47th.

Merchant marine > Total per million 1.35
Ranked 103th.
6.18
Ranked 67th. 5 times more than United States

Pipelines > Gas per million 1,760.87 km
Ranked 3rd. 358 times more than Vietnam
4.92 km
Ranked 91st.

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 9.96%
Ranked 119th.
80.87%
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than United States

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per $ GDP 737.7 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 104th. 7 times more than Vietnam
98.55 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 138th.

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 5.26
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Vietnam
0.374
Ranked 102nd.

Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 4.58
Ranked 38th. 27% more than Vietnam
3.6
Ranked 86th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 4.11
Ranked 3rd. 30% more than Vietnam
3.16
Ranked 48th.

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 6.93
Ranked 4th. 17 times more than Vietnam
0.416
Ranked 49th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0117
Ranked 149th.
0.0299
Ranked 140th. 3 times more than United States

Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 32.78%
Ranked 70th.
48.23%
Ranked 20th. 47% more than United States
Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 94.61
Ranked 131st.
99.86
Ranked 115th. 6% more than United States

Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100 142.31
Ranked 115th.
328.51
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than United States

Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 9.5%
Ranked 19th. 20% more than Vietnam
7.91%
Ranked 26th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 60.95%
Ranked 105th.
67.53%
Ranked 79th. 11% more than United States

Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million 0.304
Ranked 194th.
1.14
Ranked 187th. 4 times more than United States

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 38.91%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Vietnam
8.33%
Ranked 114th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.4%
Ranked 79th.
2.65%
Ranked 51st. 90% more than United States

Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.42
Ranked 17th. 8 times more than Vietnam
0.05
Ranked 86th.

Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption 22.99%
Ranked 27th. 76% more than Vietnam
13.05%
Ranked 78th.

Merchant marine > Total > GRT per capita 0.0342 GRT
Ranked 74th. 66% more than Vietnam
0.0207 GRT
Ranked 86th.

Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth 2.03%
Ranked 104th.
5.9%
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than United States

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Statistics Division; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data files.; Wikipedia: List of countries by rail transport network size (Long List); Wikipedia: List of countries by vehicles per capita; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2085.html, Roadways.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.; United Nations Statistics Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Civil Aviation Organisation, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000; World Development Indicators database; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ).; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Bank staff estimates; International Energy Agency; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Transport Newsletter, No. 43.; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's UNCTADstat database at http://unctadstat.unctad.org/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files.