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Country vs country: Japan and United States compared: Health stats

Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Females: Female YPLL. Years lost to premature death. 

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Males: Male YPLL.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Abortions: Legal abortions
  • Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
  • Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Quality of health care system > Modern equipment: Equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Does hospitals have equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average BMI (combining male and female population), according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports: Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied you with the accuracy and completeness in filling out reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate: Percentage of females aged 15-19 who give birth, out of all females the same age in the country.
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Births > Low birth weight: Percentage of live births classified by the OECD as of low birth weight. Data generally for 2000; in some cases, data is for 1999, 1998, or, in the sole case of Belgium, 1997. Refer to the source for details.
  • Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
  • Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff: Friendliness and courtesy of the staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Friendliness and courtesy of the staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
  • Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports: Speed in completing examination and reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Speed in completing examination and reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Quality of health care system > Convenient location: Convenience of location for you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Convenience of location for you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate: Percentage of females older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Abortions per 1000: Legal abortions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman.
  • Health care system > Healthcare costs as a percent of GDP: Healthcare expenditure as percent of GDP.
  • Births and maternity > Crude birth rate: Country's crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is the number of live births for every 1,000 people.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births: Total number of live births. A live birth refers to a birth after which the baby shows signs of life, however, if the baby dies after showing signs of life, it is still considered a live birth.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Tobacco > Cigarrete imports: Millions of cigarettes imported in 2000.
  • Health care system > Population covered by public health insurance: Percentage of population covered by governmental / social health insurance.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Health care system > Total public and private health insurance coverage: Percentage of population covered either by private or by governmental / social health insurance.
  • Health care system > Per capita spending on health: Annual per capita expenditure for healthcare at purchasing power parity. Purchasing power parity compensates for differences in the price level across countries.
  • Infant mortality > Infant mortality: The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of children under one year of age expressed per 1 000 live births. Neonatal mortality refers to the death of children under 28 days.
  • Suicide rate > Young males: Suicide death rates (per 100,000 of population) among 15 to 24 year-olds, various countries, latest available data, 1991 to 1993
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes: People living with HIV, 15-49 years old, percentage.
  • Obesity > Obese population aged 15 or more > Females: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Health services > Outpatient visits per capita: Outpatient visits per capita are the number of visits to health care facilities per capita, including repeat visits."
  • Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel: Births attended by skilled health personnel, percentage.
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nurses: Number of nurses per 1,000 people. Data is for 2000.
  • Consultation with doctors: Average number of visits to a doctor per person per year Data is for 2000.
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Births and maternity > Maternal death rate: Number of mothers who died giving birth, out of 100,000 births.
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > 95 percent range: 95% range.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average female BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people: Total number of live births. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
  • Respiratory disease deaths: Diseases of the respiratory system deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men): Percentage of males aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Suicide rate > Gender ratio: Suicide rates per 100,000 people
  • Digestive disease deaths: Diseases of the digestive system deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Mental health > Prevalence of mental health problems > Lifetime prevalence: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Child maltreatment deaths: Child maltreatment deaths per 100000 population under 15 (1990s).
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • Life expectancy > Healthy years: Estimated number of years of life while healthy, as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See source for details.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more > Males: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Health care system > Medical staff > Nurses per 1000 people: Nurses per 1000 people.
  • Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cardiovascular diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cardiovascular disease rate, but rather how fatal cardiovascular diseases are in each country.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Health care system > Medical staff > Physicians per 1000 people: Physicians per 1000 people.
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Teenage pregnancy per million: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Circulatory disease deaths: Standardised death rates per 100 000 population (1999).
  • Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles: Percentage of children under 1 year old immunized against measles.
  • Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more > Males: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Suicide rate > Young females: Suicide death rates (per 100,000 of population) among 15 to 24 year-olds, various countries, latest available data, 1991 to 1993
  • Life expectancy > Life expectancy at birth > Total: Life expectancy measures how long on average people would live based on a given set of age-specific death rates. However, the actual age-specific death rates of any particular birth cohort cannot be known in advance. If age-specific death rates are falling (as has been the case over the past decades in OECD countries), actual life spans will be higher than life expectancy calculated with current death rates.
  • Infant mortality > Male babies: Infant mortality rate for males under 1 year.
  • Infant mortality > Female babies: Infant mortality rate for females under 1 year.
  • Health care funding > Total per capita: Public and private funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • Mental health > Prevalence of mental health problems > 12-month prevalence: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more: The most frequently used measure of overweight and obesity is based on the body mass index (BMI), which is a single number that evaluates an individual’s weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in meters). Based on the WHO current classification, adults with a BMI between 25 and 30 are defined as overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 as obese.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Mental health > 12-month prevalence by type > Anxiety: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women): Percentage of females aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Tobacco > Female smoking rate: Female [%].
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases.
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate: The number of people that die from noncommunicable diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's noncommunicable disease rate, but rather how fatal noncommunicable diseases are in each country.
  • Tobacco > Male smoking rate: Male [%].
  • Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate: Percentage of males older than 14 who are obese, meaning their Body Mass Index (BMI) exceeds 30.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Future births per million people: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average male BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population): The number of people that die from injuries out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's injury rate, but rather how fatal injuries are in each country.
  • Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
  • Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people): Dentistry personnel density (per 10 000 population).
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.

  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Twin births: Number of births, in which two children were born. A mother giving birth to twins is counted as one birth.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Percentage of life lived in ill health > Female: Estimated percentage of total years of expected lifespan to be lived in ill health. Estimated for females at birth. Data for 2001. See source for further details.
  • Births and maternity > Twin births per million people: Number of births, in which two children were born. A mother giving birth to twins is counted as one birth. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Health care funding > Public per capita: Public funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • Health care funding > Private per capita: Private funding of health care expenditure, in US $ PPP per capita. Data for 2000.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Tobacco > Cigarrete imports per 1000: Millions of cigarettes imported in 2000. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Deaths > Preventable deaths per 100,000 people: Preventable deaths per 100,000 people.
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
  • Years lived in ill health > Female: Average number of years that females will live in ill health; estimated at birth. Data for 2001. See source for details.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate, 2003
  • Children living with AIDS per 1000: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Serious: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Spending > Public: World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC.
  • Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births: Number of births, in which four or five children were born. A mother giving birth to quadruplets or quintuplets is counted as one birth.
  • Births and maternity > Single births per thousand people: Number of births, in which one child was born. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mental health > Share of people receiving treatment > Mild: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Mild: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.

  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Moderate: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Children living with AIDS: People living with HIV/AIDS, children (age 0-14)
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Circulatory disease deaths per million: Standardised death rates per 100 000 population (1999). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > Male healthy years: Number of years of life while 'healthy', as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See the source for details.
  • Years lived in ill health > Male: Average number of years that males will live in ill health; estimated at birth. Data for 2001. See source for details.
  • Percentage of life lived in ill health > Males: Estimated percentage of total years of expected lifespan to be lived in ill health. Estimated for males at birth. Data for 2001. See source for further details.
  • Stomach cancer deaths: Stomach cancer deaths per 100,000 population (1995-1998)
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Mental health > 12-month prevalence by type > Substance: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI: Compares the ratio of male to female BMI by countries, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Daily smokers > 1990: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoked at least one cigarette a day in 1990.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Mental health > Share of people receiving treatment > No mental health problem: The first data set used here is from large-scale epidemiological surveys implemented as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI). These surveys were conducted between 2002 and 2005 in 10 OECD countries. They use a common diagnostic instrument to measure the occurrence of various types of disorders, their nature and intensity, and the treatment provided. Disorders considered include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, disorders linked to impulse control and disorders due to use of alcohol and drugs. All disorders are classified as serious, moderate, or mild.

    The second set of data is from the European Quality of Life Survey conducted in 2007 by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. These data are based on the following question: Please indicate for each for the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks - I have felt cheerful and in good spirits; I have felt calm and relaxed; I have felt active and vigorous; I woke up feeling fresh and rested; my day has been filled with things that interest me (all of the time, most of the time, more than half of the time, less than half of the time, some of the time, never). The total score on all statements is multiplied by 4 to get a score that has a maximum value of 100.
  • Life expectancy > Female healthy years: Number of years of life while 'healthy', as defined by the OECD. Estimates for 2001. See source for details.
  • Red Cross donations per capita: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > Centenarians per 100,000 people: Amount of centenarians per 100,000 people in each country. Results were compiled by the UN, using estimates from 1950-2008.
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Births with health staff: Births attended by skilled health staff. Definitions of skilled health staff may vary across countries. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified or to a running average for a series of years surrounding the period 1995 to 2000.
  • Growth in health expenditure > Per annum: Annual real yearly growth in health care expenditure; average for years 1990-2000. 1990-98 for Sweden and Turkey, 1990-99 for Luxembourg and Poland, 1991-2000 for Hungary, 1992-2000 for Germany.
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (height for age) is the percentage of children under five whose height for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. For children up to two years of age, height is measured by recumbent length. For older children, height is measured by stature while standing. The reference population adopted by the WHO in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health: Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total: Health - % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 2002 - Total
  • Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Single births: Number of births, in which one child was born.
  • Births and maternity > Triplet births: Number of births, in which three children were born. A mother giving birth to triplets is counted as one birth.
  • Child injury death index: Child injury death" index is defined as the annual number of deaths from injuries (unintentional and intentional) among 1 to 14 year old children per 10,000 children of those ages.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Births and maternity > Percent of births registered: Civil registration coverage of births (%).
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Health expenditure, total > % of GDP: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14: Population with HIV/AIDS (estimate).
  • Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births per million people: Number of births, in which four or five children were born. A mother giving birth to quadruplets or quintuplets is counted as one birth. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Triplet births per million people: Number of births, in which three children were born. A mother giving birth to triplets is counted as one birth. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Life expectancy > 95% range: 95% range.
  • Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV refers to the percentage of women of those ages 15-49 infected with HIV.
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population with HIV.
  • Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health: Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition (weight for age) is the percentage of children under five whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median reference standard for their age as established by the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Figures are based on children under age three, four, and five years of age, depending on the country.
  • Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure: Out-of-pocket expenditure on health as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • Total expenditure as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health in the country given as a percentage of its GDP (Data for 2001).
  • Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: Total expenditure on health as % of GDP, 2002
STAT Japan United States HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 8.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 178th.
14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st. 66% more than Japan

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 30.6
Ranked 13th. 9% more than United States
28
Ranked 18th.

Births and maternity > Future births 752.78
Ranked 37th.
5,124.49
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.85%
Ranked 118th.
1.99%
Ranked 33th. 8% more than Japan

Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 14.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
3.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.

Life expectancy > Men 80 years
Ranked 4th. 5% more than United States
76 years
Ranked 30th.
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 82.25 years
Ranked 5th. 5% more than United States
78.37 years
Ranked 47th.

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 85.9
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than United States
81.1
Ranked 43th.

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 82.59
Ranked 4th. 5% more than United States
78.64
Ranked 40th.

Obesity 3.2%
Ranked 29th.
30.6%
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than Japan
Physicians > Per 1,000 people 2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.
2.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 31st. 15% more than Japan

Probability of not reaching 60 8.2%
Ranked 46th.
12.8%
Ranked 24th. 56% more than Japan
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 84%
Ranked 5th. 9% more than United States
77.4%
Ranked 32nd.
Quality of health care system > Cost 80.56
Ranked 1st. 76% more than United States
45.81
Ranked 41st.
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 85.03
Ranked 1st. 23% more than United States
69.03
Ranked 23th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 2.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 212th.
6.06 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 2 times more than Japan

Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 120
Ranked 117th.
133
Ranked 86th. 11% more than Japan
Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 79.44
Ranked 11th. 4% more than United States
76.3
Ranked 42nd.

Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Females 1,763
Ranked 27th.
3,633
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Japan
Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Males 3,287
Ranked 25th.
6,291
Ranked 5th. 91% more than Japan
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.26 births per woman
Ranked 169th.
2.05 births per woman
Ranked 117th. 63% more than Japan

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.094 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.
3.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 35 times more than Japan

Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 87.5
Ranked 1st. 17% more than United States
74.69
Ranked 16th.
Deaths > Percent deaths registered 90-100 90-100
Life expectancy > Women 87 years
Ranked 1st. 7% more than United States
81 years
Ranked 33th.
Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 2.2
Ranked 190th.
6
Ranked 151st. 3 times more than Japan

Abortions 343,024
Ranked 4th.
1.21 million
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Japan
Heart disease deaths 30 per 100,000 people
Ranked 26th.
106.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Japan
Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 83.33
Ranked 1st. 38% more than United States
60.5
Ranked 10th.
Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $3,958.47
Ranked 16th.
$8,607.88
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Japan

Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 13.98
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
3.1
Ranked 37th.

Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 88.89
Ranked 1st.
95.58
Ranked 11th. 8% more than Japan
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 8,100
Ranked 105th.
1.2 million
Ranked 8th. 148 times more than Japan

Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 21.93
Ranked 143th.
27.82
Ranked 5th. 27% more than Japan
Probability of reaching 65 > Female 92.1%
Ranked 1st. 7% more than United States
85.7%
Ranked 33th.
Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 86.11
Ranked 1st. 16% more than United States
74.35
Ranked 11th.
Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 4.6
Ranked 15th.
34.2
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Japan

Death rates > Children under 5 3.3
Ranked 174th.
7.8
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Japan

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 3.65 births
Ranked 178th.
49.83 births
Ranked 83th. 14 times more than Japan

Births > Low birth weight 8.6%
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than United States
7.8%
Ranked 5th.
Teenage pregnancy 17,501 births
Ranked 6th.
494,357 births
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than Japan
Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 83.33
Ranked 1st. 11% more than United States
74.92
Ranked 11th.
Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 2.12
Ranked 16th.
2.67
Ranked 13th. 26% more than Japan

Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 19
Ranked 142nd. 5 times more than United States
3.6
Ranked 196th.

Daily smokers 30.3%
Ranked 8th. 73% more than United States
17.5%
Ranked 29th.
Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 88.89
Ranked 1st. 28% more than United States
69.57
Ranked 14th.
Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 2,831.1$
Ranked 19th.
6,096.2$
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan

Quality of health care system > Convenient location 86.11
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
80.1
Ranked 12th.
Diseases > Obesity > Female obesity rate 3%
Ranked 12th.
33%
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Japan
Deaths > Deaths of infants 2,463
Ranked 9th.
24,548
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Japan

Abortions per 1000 2.69
Ranked 10th.
4.17
Ranked 6th. 55% more than Japan
Life expectancy > Female 86.05
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
81
Ranked 34th.

Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 210
Ranked 63th. 2 times more than United States
100
Ranked 147th.

Births and maternity > All births of boys 538,271
Ranked 5th.
2.11 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Japan

Maternal mortality 8 per 100,000
Ranked 118th. The same as United States
8 per 100,000
Ranked 119th.
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 2.66 million
Ranked 12th. 72 times more than United States
36,945.6
Ranked 65th.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 4.14
Ranked 59th.
9.81
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Japan

HIV AIDS > Deaths 500
Ranked 72nd.
17,000
Ranked 18th. 34 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total 202,106
Ranked 3rd.
825,564
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Japan

Health care system > Healthcare costs as a percent of GDP 8.2%
Ranked 9th.
16%
Ranked 1st. 95% more than Japan
Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 8.4
Ranked 52nd.
13.5
Ranked 24th. 61% more than Japan

Births and maternity > Number of births 1.07 million
Ranked 6th.
4.13 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Japan

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.004 per 1,000 people
Ranked 73th.
0.048 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 12 times more than Japan

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 339.72 trillion
Ranked 4th. 30 times more than United States
11.51 trillion
Ranked 21st.

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 0.0635
Ranked 130th.
3.91
Ranked 61st. 62 times more than Japan

Death rates > Men 87.38
Ranked 149th.
141.23
Ranked 129th. 62% more than Japan

Life expectancy at birth > Female 85.72 years
Ranked 4th. 6% more than United States
80.93 years
Ranked 52nd.

Tobacco > Cigarrete imports 83,000 million of cigarettes
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than United States
11,500 million of cigarettes
Ranked 14th.
Health care system > Population covered by public health insurance 100%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United States
31.8%
Ranked 34th.
Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people 19.27
Ranked 64th.
79.36
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Japan

Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15 54.3
Ranked 10th.
72.9
Ranked 4th. 34% more than Japan

Life expectancy at birth > Male 78.96 years
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
75.92 years
Ranked 44th.

Life expectancy > Male 79.29
Ranked 4th. 4% more than United States
76
Ranked 34th.

Motor vehicle deaths 8.8 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 12th.
15.5 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 1st. 76% more than Japan
Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 82.08 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
77.71 years
Ranked 34th.

Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more 23.8 64.5
Health care system > Total public and private health insurance coverage 100%
Ranked 13th. 18% more than United States
84.9%
Ranked 33th.
Health care system > Per capita spending on health 2,750 USD PPP
Ranked 9th.
7,437 USD PPP
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
Infant mortality > Infant mortality 2.6 Deaths per 1 000 live bir
Ranked 28th.
6.9 Deaths per 1 000 live bir
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Japan
Suicide rate > Young males 10.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 31st.
21.9 per 100,000 people
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Japan
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes 0.1%
Ranked 124th.
0.7%
Ranked 56th. 7 times more than Japan

Obesity > Obese population aged 15 or more > Females 3.4 33.4
Health services > Outpatient visits per capita 14.4
Ranked 3rd. 60% more than United States
9
Ranked 7th.

Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 100%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 16th.

Death rates > Infants 2.4
Ranked 176th.
6.8
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than Japan

Infant mortality rate > Female 2.58 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 212th.
5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 171st. 2 times more than Japan

Nurses 7.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th.
8.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 4% more than Japan
Consultation with doctors 14.4 per person per year
Ranked 1st. 62% more than United States
8.9 per person per year
Ranked 2nd.
Death rates > Women 43.31
Ranked 157th.
81.46
Ranked 121st. 88% more than Japan

Deaths > Deaths of infant boys 1,269
Ranked 8th.
13,698
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Japan

Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 9.47
Ranked 5th.
9.81
Ranked 3rd. 4% more than Japan

Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 5 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 169th.
21 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 131st. 4 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people 4.21
Ranked 80th.
6.89
Ranked 36th. 64% more than Japan

Life expectancy > 95 percent range (85.80-85.90) (80.50-80.60)
Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 20.34
Ranked 162nd.
27
Ranked 10th. 33% more than Japan
Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 8.41
Ranked 48th.
13.46
Ranked 23th. 60% more than Japan

Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 82
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
77
Ranked 30th.
Spending > Per person 2,243
Ranked 9th.
4,271
Ranked 1st. 90% more than Japan
Respiratory disease deaths 49.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 10th.
51.6 per 100,000 people
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Japan
Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men) 3.3%
Ranked 9th.
33.2%
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Japan
Suicide rate > Gender ratio 2.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 65th.
4.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Japan
Digestive disease deaths 16.9 per 100,000 people
Ranked 20th.
20.5 per 100,000 people
Ranked 16th. 21% more than Japan
Mental health > Prevalence of mental health problems > Lifetime prevalence 18%
Ranked 10th.
47.4%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
Child maltreatment deaths 0.6 per 100,000 children
Ranked 14th.
2.2 per 100,000 children
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Japan
Drug access 95%
Ranked 12th. The same as United States
95%
Ranked 15th.
Life expectancy > Healthy years 73.6 years
Ranked 1st. 9% more than United States
67.6 years
Ranked 22nd.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 75
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
69.3
Ranked 29th.
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 60
Ranked 43th. 15% more than United States
52
Ranked 83th.
Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more > Males 24.5 39.7
Health care system > Medical staff > Nurses per 1000 people 9.4
Ranked 6th.
10.6
Ranked 3rd. 13% more than Japan
Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 103
Ranked 189th.
179
Ranked 162nd. 74% more than Japan
Births and maternity > All births of girls 512,535
Ranked 5th.
2.02 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Japan

Deaths > Deaths of infant girls 1,194
Ranked 7th.
10,850
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Japan

Health care system > Medical staff > Physicians per 1000 people 2.1
Ranked 9th.
2.4
Ranked 7th. 14% more than Japan
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 2,133
Ranked 20th.
5,274
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.00391
Ranked 72nd.
0.0554
Ranked 59th. 14 times more than Japan

Teenage pregnancy per million 138.45 births
Ranked 26th.
1,792.1 births
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Japan
Circulatory disease deaths 151 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 18th.
265 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 5th. 75% more than Japan
Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 94%
Ranked 88th. 4% more than United States
90%
Ranked 119th.

Obesity > Overweight and obese population aged 15 or more > Males 26.8 67.2
Suicide rate > Young females 4.4 per 100,000 people
Ranked 22nd. 16% more than United States
3.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 26th.
Life expectancy > Life expectancy at birth > Total 82.4 Number of years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
77.8 Number of years
Ranked 24th.
Infant mortality > Male babies 3.4 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 192nd.
6.8 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 163th. Twice as much as Japan

Infant mortality > Female babies 3 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 191st.
6.8 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 155th. 2 times more than Japan

Health care funding > Total per capita $2,011.00 per capita
Ranked 14th.
$4,631.00 per capita
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan
Mental health > Prevalence of mental health problems > 12-month prevalence 8.8%
Ranked 9th.
26.4%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
Obesity > Overweight population aged 15 or more 20.9 34
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 44
Ranked 187th.
80
Ranked 145th. 82% more than Japan

Mental health > 12-month prevalence by type > Anxiety 5.3%
Ranked 10th.
18.2%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan
Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women) 3.3%
Ranked 9th.
33.2%
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Japan
Tobacco > Female smoking rate 14.3
Ranked 55th.
21.5
Ranked 43th. 50% more than Japan
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 9,433
Ranked 35th. 94% more than United States
4,864
Ranked 54th.
Health spending per capita 2,750.8
Ranked 24th.
7,284.7
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Japan

Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $2,696.16
Ranked 25th.
$7,289.82
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Japan

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 28.16 per 100,000 people
Ranked 132nd. 6 times more than United States
4.53 per 100,000 people
Ranked 193th.

Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 284
Ranked 187th.
450
Ranked 156th. 58% more than Japan
Tobacco > Male smoking rate 44.3
Ranked 34th. 68% more than United States
26.3
Ranked 95th.
Diseases > Obesity > Male obesity rate 3%
Ranked 5th.
31%
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Japan
Deaths > Urban deaths of infants per million people 17.56
Ranked 27th.
213
Ranked 12th. 12 times more than Japan

Deaths > Rural deaths of infants per million people 1.67
Ranked 28th.
166.98
Ranked 14th. 100 times more than Japan

Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people 9.93
Ranked 51st.
44.28
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Japan

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 85.63 years
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
80.67 years
Ranked 35th.

Births and maternity > Future births per million people 8.67
Ranked 188th.
13.79
Ranked 135th. 59% more than Japan

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 23.52
Ranked 121st.
28.64
Ranked 6th. 22% more than Japan
Dependency ratio per 100 49
Ranked 129th.
51
Ranked 125th. 4% more than Japan
Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 21
Ranked 112th. 11 times more than United States
2
Ranked 165th.
Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 39
Ranked 144th.
50
Ranked 122nd. 28% more than Japan
Teen birth rate 4
Ranked 40th.
64
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Japan
Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) 7 16
Intestinal diseases death rate 0.88%
Ranked 112th.
7.35%
Ranked 84th. 8 times more than Japan
Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 87.27
Ranked 7th. 5% more than United States
83.35
Ranked 27th.

Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people 9.34
Ranked 48th.
35.08
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Twin births 19,196
Ranked 2nd.
137,217
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Japan

Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 78.69 years
Ranked 4th. 5% more than United States
74.89 years
Ranked 36th.

Percentage of life lived in ill health > Female 10.6%
Ranked 28th.
13.5%
Ranked 6th. 27% more than Japan
Births and maternity > Twin births per million people 150.18
Ranked 36th.
447.29
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people 1.58
Ranked 27th.
2.71
Ranked 27th. 72% more than Japan

Infant mortality rate > Male 2.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 212th.
6.72 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th. 2 times more than Japan

Health care funding > Public per capita $1,542.00 per capita
Ranked 11th.
$2,051.00 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Japan
Health care funding > Private per capita $469.00 per capita
Ranked 13th.
$2,580.00 per capita
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Japan
Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 94.49
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
88.79
Ranked 42nd.

Tobacco > Cigarrete imports per 1000 0.654 million of cigarettes
Ranked 9th. 16 times more than United States
0.0408 million of cigarettes
Ranked 14th.
Deaths > Preventable deaths per 100,000 people 61
Ranked 6th.
96
Ranked 1st. 57% more than Japan
Smoking rate > Women 13
Ranked 56th.
19
Ranked 47th. 46% more than Japan
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 77.7
Ranked 1st. 9% more than United States
71.3
Ranked 29th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Legal
Red Cross donations 11,955
Ranked 35th.
221.26 million
Ranked 1st. 18508 times more than Japan
Years lived in ill health > Female 8.9 years
Ranked 24th.
10.7 years
Ranked 4th. 20% more than Japan
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 44
Ranked 187th.
80
Ranked 145th. 82% more than Japan

Total fertility rate 1.3
Ranked 157th.
2.1
Ranked 118th. 62% more than Japan
Children living with AIDS per 1000 0.000861
Ranked 80th.
0.0345
Ranked 61st. 40 times more than Japan
Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Serious 1.5%
Ranked 7th.
7.7%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Japan
Deaths > Rural deaths of infants 214
Ranked 10th.
33,513
Ranked 2nd. 157 times more than Japan

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 72.3
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
67.2
Ranked 29th.
Spending > Public 5.7% 5.7% (1999)
Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births 10
Ranked 5th.
435
Ranked 2nd. 44 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Single births per thousand people 8.07
Ranked 38th.
13
Ranked 14th. 61% more than Japan

Mental health > Share of people receiving treatment > Mild 11.2%
Ranked 8th.
22.5%
Ranked 5th. Twice as much as Japan
Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Mild 3.2%
Ranked 10th.
9.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Japan
Respiratory disease child death rate 1.52 40.43 (est)
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Spending > Private 1.6%
Ranked 89th.
7.1%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Japan
Mental health > 12-month prevalence by severity > Moderate 4.1%
Ranked 4th.
9.4%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan
Children living with AIDS 110
Ranked 79th.
10,000
Ranked 34th. 91 times more than Japan
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 73.83
Ranked 125th. 5 times more than United States
16.15
Ranked 162nd.
Circulatory disease deaths per million 1.19 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 17th. 26% more than United States
0.95 deaths per 100,000 peopl
Ranked 18th.
Life expectancy > Male healthy years 71.4 years
Ranked 1st. 8% more than United States
66.4 years
Ranked 22nd.
Years lived in ill health > Male 6.5 years
Ranked 25th.
8 years
Ranked 7th. 23% more than Japan
Percentage of life lived in ill health > Males 8.3%
Ranked 26th.
10.8%
Ranked 9th. 30% more than Japan
Stomach cancer deaths 22.4
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than United States
3.4
Ranked 26th.
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 6
Ranked 155th.
24
Ranked 116th. 4 times more than Japan

Mental health > 12-month prevalence by type > Substance 1.7%
Ranked 5th.
3.8%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Japan
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 21.85
Ranked 130th. 5 times more than United States
4.76
Ranked 179th.

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 86.96%
Ranked 48th. The same as United States
86.96%
Ranked 50th.

Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI 1.16
Ranked 20th. 9% more than United States
1.06
Ranked 76th.
Daily smokers > 1990 37.4%
Ranked 5th. 46% more than United States
25.6%
Ranked 26th.
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15 17000 1200000
Mental health > Share of people receiving treatment > No mental health problem 4.7%
Ranked 6th.
8.1%
Ranked 1st. 72% more than Japan
Life expectancy > Female healthy years 75.8 years
Ranked 1st. 10% more than United States
68.8 years
Ranked 24th.
Red Cross donations per capita 9.42e-05
Ranked 37th.
0.784
Ranked 13th. 8322 times more than Japan
Life expectancy > Centenarians per 100,000 people 34.85
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
17.3
Ranked 11th.
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 12,200
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than United States
2,100
Ranked 47th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Illegal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Illegal Legal
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 85
Ranked 1st. 6% more than United States
80
Ranked 32nd.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 78
Ranked 4th. 4% more than United States
75
Ranked 28th.
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 1,742
Ranked 17th.
2,368
Ranked 5th. 36% more than Japan
HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.1
Ranked 105th.
0.6
Ranked 55th. 6 times more than Japan
Births with health staff 100%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 17th.
Growth in health expenditure > Per annum 3.9%
Ranked 4th. 22% more than United States
3.2%
Ranked 8th.
Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 5.6%
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than United States
1.1%
Ranked 17th.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 100%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 8th.

Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 6.32%
Ranked 31st.
6.88%
Ranked 21st. 9% more than Japan

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 98%
Ranked 35th. 3% more than United States
95%
Ranked 76th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 8th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 11th.

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 57.32%
Ranked 159th.
60.73%
Ranked 153th. 6% more than Japan

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 94%
Ranked 78th. 2% more than United States
92%
Ranked 92nd.

Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 7th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 10th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 13th.

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 45.55%
Ranked 120th.
85.5%
Ranked 43th. 88% more than Japan

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.0
Ranked 141st.
0.0
Ranked 147th.

Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 13.53%
Ranked 108th. 2 times more than United States
6.05%
Ranked 149th.
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 6.48%
Ranked 111th.
7.38%
Ranked 93th. 14% more than Japan
Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 14.81%
Ranked 117th. 3 times more than United States
5.7%
Ranked 131st.

Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 5%
Ranked 109th. The same as United States
5%
Ranked 116th.

Private health spending > % of GDP 1.5%
Ranked 134th.
8.54%
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Japan

Public health spending > % of government spending 17.94%
Ranked 14th.
19.45%
Ranked 6th. 8% more than Japan

Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 7.8%
Ranked 44th. The same as United States
7.8%
Ranked 12th.

Public health spending > % of total health spending 81.33%
Ranked 23th. 79% more than United States
45.54%
Ranked 139th.

Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 97.94%
Ranked 22nd.
100%
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Japan
% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 95
Ranked 67th. 1% more than United States
94
Ranked 75th.
Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 1.5%
Ranked 81st.
65.7%
Ranked 4th. 44 times more than Japan
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 100
Ranked 21st. 79% more than United States
56
Ranked 101st.
Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 87.66%
Ranked 14th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Japan
Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.965
Ranked 1st. 12% more than United States
0.863
Ranked 33th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Illegal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Single births 1.03 million
Ranked 1st.
3.99 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Triplet births 413
Ranked 3rd.
5,905
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Japan

Child injury death index 8.4
Ranked 15th.
14.1
Ranked 4th. 68% more than Japan
Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people 4.01
Ranked 79th.
6.57
Ranked 35th. 64% more than Japan

Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 44
Ranked 187th.
80
Ranked 145th. 82% more than Japan

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 10.56%
Ranked 103th. 8 times more than United States
1.3%
Ranked 10th.
Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 61st. 4% more than United States
92%
Ranked 107th.

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 86%
Ranked 73th.
87%
Ranked 42nd. 1% more than Japan

Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 98%
Ranked 37th. 3% more than United States
95%
Ranked 85th.

Births and maternity > Percent of births registered >90 >90
Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 18.18%
Ranked 20th.
19.8%
Ranked 12th. 9% more than Japan

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 7.42%
Ranked 23th.
8.2%
Ranked 12th. 11% more than Japan

Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 9.27%
Ranked 39th.
17.85%
Ranked 3rd. 93% more than Japan

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 1.85%
Ranked 130th.
9.65%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Japan

Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 5.12%
Ranked 157th.
9.35%
Ranked 60th. 83% more than Japan
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14 9900 300000
Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births per million people 0.0782
Ranked 15th.
1.42
Ranked 9th. 18 times more than Japan

Births and maternity > Triplet births per million people 3.23
Ranked 28th.
19.25
Ranked 9th. 6 times more than Japan

Deaths > Urban deaths of infants 2,244
Ranked 4th.
42,750
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Japan

Life expectancy > 95% range (85.80-85.90) (80.50-80.60)
Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.1%
Ranked 126th.
0.6%
Ranked 69th. 6 times more than Japan

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 55.9%
Ranked 16th.
64.2%
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Japan

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 1.48%
Ranked 141st.
8.52%
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Japan

Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 10th. 6% more than United States
93%
Ranked 83th.

Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 58.24%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than United States
25%
Ranked 91st.

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 15th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 21st.

Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 14th.

Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 99%
Ranked 9th. 3% more than United States
96%
Ranked 58th.

Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 80.75%
Ranked 100th. 4 times more than United States
22.59%
Ranked 179th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 48th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than United States
99%
Ranked 32nd.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 13th.

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 13th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 18th.

Health spending > % of GDP 8.02%
Ranked 48th.
15.68%
Ranked 2nd. 96% more than Japan

Public health spending > % of GDP 6.53%
Ranked 25th.
7.14%
Ranked 17th. 9% more than Japan

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 23.96%
Ranked 122nd. 15% more than United States
20.91%
Ranked 125th.

Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 18.3%
Ranked 162nd.
55.1%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than Japan
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 184th.
8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 152nd. Twice as much as Japan
Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 3.7%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
1.6%
Ranked 20th.

Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 89.8%
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than United States
25.4%
Ranked 180th.
Total expenditure as % of GDP 7.8% of GDP
Ranked 17th.
13.9% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 78% more than Japan
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 7.9%
Ranked 45th.
14.6%
Ranked 1st. 85% more than Japan

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