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People Stats: compare key data on Australia & United States

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender empowerment measure: Gender Empowerment Measure Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest), 2002.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged below 20 per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19. (1995-1998)
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Size of houses: Proportion of houses with five or more rooms, 2002.
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Cities > Cities larger than the capital: Cities larger than the capital.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Home ownership: Home ownership as % of all households (Data is for 2000).
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Nobel prize laureates: Number of Nobel Prize Laureates 1901-2002
  • Age at first marriage for women: Age of women when they first get married (1999).
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population: Top 20
  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Average size of households: Average households size (number of people living in the house) - late 1990s.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population: Nationality and place of birth are the two criteria most commonly used to define the “immigrant” population. The foreign-born population covers all persons who have ever migrated from their country of birth to their current country of residence. The foreign population consists of persons who still have the nationality of their home country. It may include persons born in the host country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • One person households: Share of one person households (1995)
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Couples with children: Share of couples with children (1995)
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate: Net migration is defined as the total number of immigrant nationals and foreigners minus the total of emigrant foreigners and nationals. Arrivals and departures for purposes such as tourism and business travel are not included in the statistics.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Migration > Foreign population: Foreign population as % of total population; data for 2000
  • Charity > World Giving Index: 2011.
  • Gender development index: Gender development index - Range is from .000 (lowest) to 1.000 (highest).
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age at first marriage for men: Age of men when they first get married (1999).
  • Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration): This is a sub-index of the Commitment to Development Index (CDI), which ranks rich countries’ policies is terms of how beneficial they are to the world’s five billion poorest people. The migration sub-index is based on net-inflows of migrants from developing countries, openness to students from those countries and aid offered to refugees and asylum seekers. For further information, please refer to cgdev.org/cdi
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Attitude of women > Women do have equal rights: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women do have equal rights" in 1999 poll.
  • Attitude of women > Should have equal rights: Percentage of women (F) agreeing with the statement - "Women should have equal rights" in 1999 poll.
  • Disabled persons employment: Employment rate of disabled persons as % of non-disabled persons 20 to 64 years old, late 1990s.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Lone parent families: Share of lone parent families (1995)
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million: The elderly population is the number of inhabitants of a given region aged 65 or older. The population can be either the average annual population or the population at a specific date during the year considered. The average population during a calendar year is generally calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1 January of two consecutive years (it is also referred to as the mean population).

    The geographic concentration index offers an accurate picture of the spatial distribution of elderly population, as it takes into account the area of each region and reveals large international differences in the degree of geographic concentration of elderly people.

    The geographic concentration index compares the economic weight and the geographic weight over all regions in a given country and is constructed to account for both within- and between-country differences in the size of all regions. The index lies between 0 (no concentration) and 100 (maximum concentration) and is suitable for international comparisons of geographic concentration. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > New citizenships: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population: Arab population in each country. France is the only European country with over 1 million Arabs.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • Attitude of women > Women are happier now: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women are happier now than in their grandmothers' time" in 1999 poll.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99: % of asylum seekers accepted between the years 1990 and 1999.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Attitude of women > Women are better off now: Percentage of women agreeing with the statement - "Women are in a better position than their grandmothers" in 1999 poll.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Disabled persons earning capacity: Mean income from employment for disabled persons as % of non-disabled mean, late 1990s.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > China, source countries of residents per million people: Foreign nationals living in China by nationality. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Sperm donation laws > Children per donor: Children per donor.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers per million: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates: The tables refer to the resident population. For countries such as France, the United Kingdom and the United States which have overseas colonies, protectorates or other territorial possessions, their populations are generally excluded. For full details, see Sources below.

    Growth rates are the annual changes in the population and are the result of births, deaths and net migration during the year.

    The total fertility rate is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in that period in agreement with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the native-born women: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Migration > New citizenships per million: Thousands of people who acquired nationality in 2000. Statistics cover all means of acquiring the nationality of a country, except where otherwise indicated. These include standard naturalisation procedures subject to age, residency, etc. criteria, as well as situations where nationality is acquired through a declaration or by option (following marriage, adoption, or other situations related to residency or descent), recovery of former nationality and other special means of acquiring the nationality of a country. For more details on sources, refer to the notes at the end of the OECD Annex. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese: Number of residents who are Lebanese-born or of Lebanese descent.
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Language > Macedonian speakers: Number Higher range.

    Albania had range specified: 30,000 - 150,000

  • Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89: Total number of asylum seekers between the years 1980 and 1989.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access: Condition(s) of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total: Male population - Age 40-44 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay: Length of stay permitted.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Visa requirement: Europe Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Total population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay: allowed stay.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000: Urban Areas Over 500,000.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Notes: Europe Notes (excluding departure fees).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Adoption > Adoption to live birth ratio: Amount of adoptions for every 100 live births in each country. In America, for instance, for every 100 live births, three children are adopted.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Female population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > German ancestry: Residents who claim German ancestry. Estimates are based on national censuses.
  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total: Male population - Age 20-24 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 20-24: Female population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born women: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total: Male population - Age 35-39 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Male population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men: The unemployment rate is calculated as the share of the unemployed in the total labour force (employed and unemployed persons). In accordance with the ILO standards, unemployed persons consist of those persons who report that they are without work during the reference week, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work during the four preceding weeks.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, female (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Canadians: Amount of naturalized Canadians or Canadian citizens living in each country as of 2014.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee: Fee (if applicable).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49). Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Female population > Age 55-59: Female population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Population > Female > % of total: Female population is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews per thousand people: Amount of Jewish residents. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access: Conditions of access.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total: Male population - Age 80-84 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
STAT Australia United States HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th. 6% more than United States
44.38 years
Ranked 117th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th.
16.71%
Ranked 62nd. 10% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th.
77.19 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th.
11.22%
Ranked 80th. 6% more than Australia

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th. 7% more than United States
76.73%
Ranked 93th.

Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd.
13.66 births/1,000 population
Ranked 147th. 12% more than Australia

Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd.
8.39 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 88th. 20% more than Australia

Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th.
231.19 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.19
Ranked 27th.
2.81
Ranked 8th. 28% more than Australia

Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 22% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th.
316.67 million
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Australia

Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
0.122
Ranked 53th. 7% more than Australia

Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
0.122%
Ranked 53th. 7% more than Australia

Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 23% more than United States
0.9%
Ranked 124th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th.
51.86 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th. 10% more than United States
32.24%
Ranked 107th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th.
261.45 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th.
25.57 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd.
33%
Ranked 16th. 23% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th.
51.06%
Ranked 99th. 3% more than Australia

Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th.
325,723 thousand
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th.
85.41 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Australia

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th.
8.07
Ranked 88th. 22% more than Australia

Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th.
2.06 children born/woman
Ranked 116th. 16% more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th. 12% more than United States
26.71%
Ranked 104th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.49
Ranked 133th. 2% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th.
20%
Ranked 156th. 10% more than Australia

Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th.
230.88 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th.
148.96 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st.
56.58%
Ranked 104th. 3% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th. 6% more than United States
13.9%
Ranked 51st.

Nationality > Noun Australian(s) American(s)
Divorce rate 2.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th.
4.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 96% more than Australia
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th. 16% more than United States
47.21%
Ranked 101st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd.
5.53%
Ranked 57th. 11% more than Australia

Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 59% more than United States
2.42 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 17th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 48,935
Ranked 16th.
877,000
Ranked 2nd. 18 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.43 million
Ranked 40th.
123.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th.
235.92 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 5.86 million
Ranked 31st.
51.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Australia

Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 14% more than United States
84,460
Ranked 54th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 19.7 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 4th.
20.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than Australia
Nationality > Adjective Australian American
Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 4% more than United States
0.97 male(s)/female
Ranked 143th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.17%
Ranked 122nd.
11.17%
Ranked 64th. 10% more than Australia

Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 63th. 1% more than United States
1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 94th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 121,752
Ranked 19th.
2.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 17 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.11%
Ranked 46th. 26% more than United States
11.18%
Ranked 93th.

Marriage rate 6.9
Ranked 9th.
9.8
Ranked 1st. 42% more than Australia
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 5.45
Ranked 38th.
6.8
Ranked 27th. 25% more than Australia

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 55th. 1% more than United States
1.05
Ranked 132nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 4.22 million
Ranked 57th.
51.62 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Migration > Net migration rate 6.34 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than United States
2.92 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 29th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 30.5
Ranked 1st. 22% more than United States
25
Ranked 5th.
Future population change 47,244.6
Ranked 35th.
563,170
Ranked 12th. 12 times more than Australia

Urban population 17.93 million
Ranked 36th.
239.5 million
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Australia

Urbanization in 2015 94.8%
Ranked 7th. 17% more than United States
81%
Ranked 37th.
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 31,542.67 per 1 million people
Ranked 15th. 65% more than United States
19,148.45 per 1 million people
Ranked 34th.

Median age > Total 38.1 years
Ranked 57th. 2% more than United States
37.2 years
Ranked 61st.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.98 years
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
78.62 years
Ranked 50th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 18.39 million
Ranked 20th.
249.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than Australia

Projected population growth 28.9%
Ranked 88th.
45.31%
Ranked 78th. 57% more than Australia
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 29.7
Ranked 5th. 10% more than United States
26.9
Ranked 5th.
Age structure > 15-64 years 67.5%
Ranked 85th. 2% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 101st.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 45th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 35th.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 28.6%
Ranked 141st.
29.4%
Ranked 138th. 3% more than Australia
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 31.6
Ranked 5th. 10% more than United States
28.8
Ranked 6th.
Gender > Women aged 15-49 7.68 million
Ranked 58th.
89.8 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.57%
Ranked 80th.
29.52%
Ranked 37th. 7% more than Australia

Gender empowerment measure 0.759
Ranked 9th. About the same as United States
0.757
Ranked 10th.
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks 375,703 (2001 census) (Community Relations Commission: ) – 700,000 (est.) (Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: ) 1,213,807 (2000 census) (United States of America: ) – an estimated 3,000,000 claim Greek descent (United States Department of State: )
Migration > Net migration 641,231
Ranked 12th.
5.68 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Australia

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
Population > CIA Factbook 21.01 million
Ranked 54th.
303.82 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Australia

Teenage pregancy rate 14.6
Ranked 144th.
34.96
Ranked 99th. 2 times more than Australia

Gender empowerment 0.759
Ranked 10th. About the same as United States
0.757
Ranked 11th.
Population density 2.79
Ranked 195th.
33.22
Ranked 145th. 12 times more than Australia

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st. 1% more than United States
1.04 male(s)/female
Ranked 118th.

Infant mortality rate > Total 4.49 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 189th.
5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 173th. 31% more than Australia

Age structure > 25-54 years 42%
Ranked 92nd. 4% more than United States
40.2%
Ranked 117th.
Urban and rural > Rural population 3.93 million
Ranked 31st.
59.49 million
Ranked 5th. 15 times more than Australia

Teenage birth rate 18.4
Ranked 11th.
52.1
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Australia
Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.739
Ranked 24th.
0.739
Ranked 23th. The same as Australia

Age structure > 15-24 years 13.4%
Ranked 175th.
13.7%
Ranked 169th. 2% more than Australia
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.115
Ranked 129th.
0.256
Ranked 103th. 2 times more than Australia
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 823.76
Ranked 10th. 2% more than United States
805.79
Ranked 17th.

Rural population 2.4 million
Ranked 100th.
56.91 million
Ranked 9th. 24 times more than Australia

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 28
Ranked 151st.
2,368
Ranked 68th. 85 times more than Australia

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3 billion
Ranked 25th.
48.31 billion
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than Australia

Size of houses 70%
Ranked 5th.
72%
Ranked 4th. 3% more than Australia
Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.87
Ranked 136th.
1.89
Ranked 134th. 1% more than Australia

Age structure > 55-64 years 11.8%
Ranked 56th.
12.3%
Ranked 43th. 4% more than Australia
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 94th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 52nd.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 14
Gender > Female population per thousand people 509.99
Ranked 48th.
513.11
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Australia

Future population > Males 12.58 million
Ranked 57th.
180.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than United States
17 years
Ranked 7th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.29
Ranked 140th. 5% more than United States
12.7
Ranked 144th.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.03
Ranked 53th. 3% more than United States
1
Ranked 105th.

Cities > Cities larger than the capital Sydney , Melbourne , Brisbane , Perth , Adelaide , Gold Coast , Newcastle New York City , Los Angeles , Chicago , Houston , Philadelphia , Phoenix , San Antonio , San Diego , Dallas , San Jose , Austin , Jacksonville , Indianapolis , San Francisco , Columbus , Fort Worth , Charlotte , Detroit , El Paso , Memphis , Boston , Seattle , Denver ( Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area ranks 4th)
Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 1.47
Ranked 4th. 18 times more than United States
0.0838
Ranked 10th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 50.2%
Ranked 121st.
50.4%
Ranked 119th. About the same as Australia
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 2.91 sq. km
Ranked 209th.
34.06 sq. km
Ranked 158th. 12 times more than Australia

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 686.48
Ranked 46th. 1% more than United States
677.3
Ranked 56th.

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 33th. 1% more than United States
99% of population
Ranked 12th.
Home ownership 69%
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than United States
65%
Ranked 7th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 143.15
Ranked 150th. 1% more than United States
142.08
Ranked 154th.

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 1%
Ranked 29th.
5.9%
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Australia

Life expectancy at birth > Female 84.54 years
Ranked 13th. 4% more than United States
81.17 years
Ranked 53th.

Hospital bed density 3.9 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 24th. 30% more than United States
3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 37th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 72.3%
Ranked 11th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 6% more than Australia

Contraceptive prevalence rate 72.3%
Ranked 23th.
76.4%
Ranked 16th. 6% more than Australia
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 4.6
Ranked 165th.
4.8
Ranked 158th. 4% more than Australia
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 176.24
Ranked 62nd.
192.33
Ranked 67th. 9% more than Australia

Nobel prize laureates 6
Ranked 16th.
270
Ranked 1st. 45 times more than Australia
Age at first marriage for women 28.6 years
Ranked 6th. 14% more than United States
25 years
Ranked 19th.
Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country 12.91%
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 23th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 37th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 36th.
Overseas Chinese > 2005 Population 614,694
Ranked 12th.
3.38 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Australia
Urbanization 91
Ranked 19th. 18% more than United States
77
Ranked 44th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 21.5%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than United States
21%
Ranked 37th.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 73th. 10% more than United States
0.77 male(s)/female
Ranked 132nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 4.1
Ranked 162nd.
6
Ranked 149th. 46% more than Australia

Average size of households 2.6
Ranked 5th. The same as United States
2.6
Ranked 4th.
Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 191.64
Ranked 34th. 3% more than United States
186.84
Ranked 39th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 22,548
Ranked 44th.
275,461
Ranked 10th. 12 times more than Australia

International migration > Immigrant population > Foreign-born population 24.06%
Ranked 3rd. 84% more than United States
13.04%
Ranked 8th.
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 192.35
Ranked 144th.
200.26
Ranked 139th. 4% more than Australia

Population in largest city 4.33 million
Ranked 31st.
18.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Australia

Population, total 22.68 million
Ranked 52nd.
313.91 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Australia

Gender ratio > Whole population 101.1%
Ranked 109th.
103.3%
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Australia

Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 16th. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 15th.
One person households 24%
Ranked 4th.
26%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Australia
Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 140,872
Ranked 21st. 37% more than United States
103,121
Ranked 24th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.996 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 8% more than United States
0.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 79.55 years
Ranked 9th. 4% more than United States
76.19 years
Ranked 48th.

Net migration 749,997
Ranked 9th.
5 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Australia

Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 0.4%
Ranked 21st.
4.2%
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Australia

Maternal mortality rate 7 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 165th.
21 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 135th. 3 times more than Australia

Migration > Asylum Seekers 12.4
Ranked 14th.
86.4
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Died 22 May 2002 30 December 1999
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 139,833
Ranked 18th. 51% more than United States
92,855
Ranked 27th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.94 million
Ranked 26th.
29.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.982
Ranked 124th.
0.999
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Australia

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.147
Ranked 109th.
0.271
Ranked 78th. 84% more than Australia
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 12.85
Ranked 153th.
32.73
Ranked 105th. 3 times more than Australia

Languages English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 631.39
Ranked 65th. 1% more than United States
622.34
Ranked 81st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 66.06
Ranked 136th.
66.08
Ranked 135th. The same as Australia

Couples with children 28%
Ranked 21st. 12% more than United States
25%
Ranked 22nd.
Rural population per 1000 117.62
Ranked 171st.
192.58
Ranked 157th. 64% more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 13
International migration > Trends in migration > Net migration rate 7.681159 3.429471
Future population > Females 12.71 million
Ranked 57th.
185.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 19
Ranked 120th.
880
Ranked 45th. 46 times more than Australia

Migration > Foreign population 23.6%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United States
10.4%
Ranked 6th.
Charity > World Giving Index 3
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than United States
1
Ranked 59th.
Gender development index 0.932
Ranked 9th. 1% more than United States
0.927
Ranked 10th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 11.3%
Ranked 96th.
17.3%
Ranked 71st. 53% more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 20 years
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than United States
17 years
Ranked 7th.
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 37.78
Ranked 24th. 3% more than United States
36.67
Ranked 30th.

Age at first marriage for men 30.6 years
Ranked 9th. 18% more than United States
26 years
Ranked 19th.
Immigration > Commitment to Development Index (immigration) 4.2
Ranked 18th.
5.2
Ranked 13th. 24% more than Australia
Romanian diaspora > Romanian Population 10,000-20,000(<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Bureau_of_Statistics">ABS</a> 2001 Census figures report indicating Romanian ancestry; 12,950 reported as Romanian-born (but not necessarily of Romanian ethnicity).) 367,000 (2000)(Depending on how one counts who is Romanian, the number in the U.S. may be considerably higher. counts 1.2 million in the U.S. who understand Romanian; their numbers are a bit vague, but (once one discounts Jews, Armenians, etc.) seem to suggest a figure of about 900,000 ethnic Romanians.) - 1,100,000
Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.8
Ranked 15th.
2.8
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Australia
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 10.8%
Ranked 52nd.
15.7%
Ranked 43th. 45% more than Australia

Gender > Male population per thousand people 505.39
Ranked 40th. 2% more than United States
496.34
Ranked 103th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 67,550
Ranked 23th.
3.16 million
Ranked 3rd. 47 times more than Australia
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 28.7 years
Ranked 4th. 9% more than United States
26.3 years
Ranked 8th.
Attitude of women > Women do have equal rights 25%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
8%
Ranked 6th.
Attitude of women > Should have equal rights 77%
Ranked 2nd. 24% more than United States
62%
Ranked 7th.
Disabled persons employment 55%
Ranked 13th.
58%
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Australia
Education expenditures 5.1% of GDP
Ranked 45th.
5.4% of GDP
Ranked 36th. 6% more than Australia

Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 125th.
25,000
Ranked 39th. 25 times more than Australia

Number of under-five deaths 2,000
Ranked 108th.
29,000
Ranked 43th. 15 times more than Australia

GDP per capita > Current US$ $67,555.76
Ranked 6th. 31% more than United States
$51,748.56
Ranked 10th.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 4e-06
Ranked 143th. 15 times more than United States
2.64e-07
Ranked 214th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 19.45 million
Ranked 35th.
251.75 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Lone parent families 8%
Ranked 10th.
9%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Australia
Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 136.55
Ranked 37th. 4% more than United States
131.88
Ranked 41st.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 186th.
5.22 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 172nd. 26% more than Australia

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 22 Aug 1990 16 Feb 1995
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.9%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than United States
67.1%
Ranked 75th.

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 5
Ranked 19th.
41
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Australia
Gender ratio > Babies 94.8%
Ranked 132nd.
95.2%
Ranked 116th. About the same as Australia

Urban population per 1000 879.15
Ranked 20th. 8% more than United States
810.44
Ranked 33th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population 9.1 million
Ranked 16th.
121.7 million
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Australia

Urban and rural > Female urban population 9.29 million
Ranked 16th.
127.55 million
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Australia

Urban and rural > Male rural population 2 million
Ranked 26th.
30.08 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia

Median age > Both sexes 37.5
Ranked 51st. 2% more than United States
36.9
Ranked 3rd.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2.02 million
Ranked 73th.
31.26 million
Ranked 6th. 15 times more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 1.27 million
Ranked 30th.
16.26 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Urbanization > Urban population 89 82
Major cities > Population Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 New York-Newark 19.3 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.675 million; Chicago 9.134 million; Miami 5.699 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.421 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 21 years
Ranked 1st. 31% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 22nd.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.213 per capita
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than United States
0.063 per capita
Ranked 105th.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 52nd. The same as United States
99%
Ranked 44th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 187th.
6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 169th. 36% more than Australia

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 2
Ranked 29th.
21
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Australia
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 3rd.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 11.9%
Ranked 90th.
18.7%
Ranked 52nd. 57% more than Australia

Elderly population > Elderly Population by region > Percentage of elderly population by country per million 0.593%
Ranked 18th. 15 times more than United States
0.0404%
Ranked 30th.
Migration > New citizenships 70.8 thousand
Ranked 6th.
898 thousand
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Australia
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0441
Ranked 123th.
0.0796
Ranked 117th. 81% more than Australia

Total Population per capita 0.994
Ranked 121st.
1.01
Ranked 94th. 2% more than Australia
Gender ratio > Urban population 102.6%
Ranked 40th.
105.2%
Ranked 27th. 3% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 94.56
Ranked 152nd.
102.79
Ranked 142nd. 9% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 13.3%
Ranked 44th. 5% more than United States
12.7%
Ranked 49th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 162,292
Ranked 11th.
429,882
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Australia
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 37%
Ranked 12th.
42%
Ranked 7th. 14% more than Australia
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Arab population 350,000
Ranked 19th.
3.5 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Australia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 62nd.
4%
Ranked 6th. 13 times more than Australia
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 38th. The same as United States
18
Ranked 37th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 115.7
Ranked 133th.
129.9
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Australia

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 170.9
Ranked 81st.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 9% more than Australia

Religions Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
Urban population > Per capita 0.882 per capita
Ranked 20th. 9% more than United States
0.808 per capita
Ranked 33th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 80.6
Ranked 177th.
134.94
Ranked 138th. 67% more than Australia

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.149
Ranked 132nd.
0.491
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Australia
Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 12.32 million
Ranked 22nd.
128.33 million
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Australia

Gender development 0.938
Ranked 2nd. About the same as United States
0.937
Ranked 4th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 72.3%
Ranked 11th.
76.4%
Ranked 4th. 6% more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 14.6%
Ranked 10th. 24% more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 5th.

Attitude of women > Women are happier now 38%
Ranked 4th. 36% more than United States
28%
Ranked 7th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 19 years
Ranked 2nd. 19% more than United States
16 years
Ranked 15th.
Median age > Male 37.3 years
Ranked 51st. 4% more than United States
35.9 years
Ranked 61st.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 11% more than United States
18 years
Ranked 7th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.4
Ranked 12th.
1.5
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Australia
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 20 years
Ranked 3rd. 11% more than United States
18 years
Ranked 7th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.42 million
Ranked 96th.
55.26 million
Ranked 10th. 23 times more than Australia

Migration > Asylum seekers acceptance rates > 1990-99 13.1%
Ranked 15th.
43.9%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Australia
Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 91.6
Ranked 46th.
99
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Australia

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 102.6
Ranked 40th.
105.2
Ranked 27th. 3% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1.53 million
Ranked 30th.
22.43 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 329.15
Ranked 80th.
335.95
Ranked 61st. 2% more than Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 18.8%
Ranked 165th.
20.1%
Ranked 157th. 7% more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 71.44
Ranked 45th.
73.75
Ranked 44th. 3% more than Australia

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 76%
Ranked 2nd. 33% more than United States
57%
Ranked 13th.
Attitude of women > Women are better off now 95%
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than United States
93%
Ranked 4th.
Female population > Age 15-19 680,723
Ranked 66th.
10.45 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia
Median age > Female 38.8 years
Ranked 57th. 1% more than United States
38.5 years
Ranked 58th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 22,039.16
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
9,044
Ranked 51st.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 1.2%
Ranked 148th.
1.3%
Ranked 137th. 8% more than Australia
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 31st. The same as United States
100% of population
Ranked 15th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.
7.03 per 1 million people
Ranked 153th. 3 times more than Australia

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 250.28
Ranked 101st. 4% more than United States
241.41
Ranked 133th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 5.4
Ranked 161st.
7.8
Ranked 149th. 44% more than Australia

Future population > Males per thousand people 481.93
Ranked 129th.
501
Ranked 73th. 4% more than Australia
Disabled persons earning capacity 93%
Ranked 4th. 31% more than United States
71%
Ranked 13th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > China, source countries of residents per million people 602.12
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United States
231.12
Ranked 8th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Sperm donation laws > Children per donor Australian Capital Territory : no data New South Wales : 5 families Northern Territory : no data Queensland : no data South Australia : no data Tasmania : no data Victoria : 10 families No enforced national limit - guidelines recommend 25 births per population of 850,000
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes 16 with permission from a court and both parents (only granted in exceptional circumstances). Generally 18, but varies by state. Most states allow minors to marry with judicial and/or parental consent. Main article: Age of marriage in United States of America
International migrant stock, total 4.71 million
Ranked 12th.
42.81 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Australia

International migrant stock, total per 1000 213.52
Ranked 31st. 54% more than United States
138.41
Ranked 46th.

Migration > Asylum Seekers per million 0.639
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than United States
0.303
Ranked 21st.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 8
Ranked 152nd.
17
Ranked 135th. 2 times more than Australia
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 135,000
Ranked 10th.
8.3 million
Ranked 1st. 61 times more than Australia
Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 8,100
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United States
2,400
Ranked 49th.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.00749
Ranked 121st. 4 times more than United States
0.00169
Ranked 140th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 78
Ranked 17th. 50% more than United States
52
Ranked 83th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,430
Ranked 57th.
8,424
Ranked 25th. 6 times more than Australia
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.2%
Ranked 22nd.
0.4%
Ranked 13th. Twice as much as Australia

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 1.92 million
Ranked 73th.
29.89 million
Ranked 6th. 16 times more than Australia

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 59.21
Ranked 31st. 11% more than United States
53.48
Ranked 43th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 67%
Ranked 11th.
71%
Ranked 3rd. 6% more than Australia
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 18,165
Ranked 62nd.
250,535
Ranked 7th. 14 times more than Australia
Total Population > Female 10.18 million
Ranked 53th.
151.78 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 4.34 million
Ranked 12th.
39.27 million
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Australia

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 30.9 years
Ranked 4th. 8% more than United States
28.6 years
Ranked 8th.
Future population > Females per thousand people 486.2
Ranked 148th.
516.35
Ranked 57th. 6% more than Australia
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 115.7%
Ranked 133th.
129.9%
Ranked 64th. 12% more than Australia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 122.6
Ranked 122nd.
138
Ranked 60th. 13% more than Australia

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 170.9
Ranked 81st.
186.6
Ranked 57th. 9% more than Australia

Total population > Evolution of the population > Total fertility rates 1.81 Number of children born t
Ranked 13th.
2.1 Number of children born t
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than Australia
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the native-born women 4.5%
Ranked 14th.
4.77%
Ranked 12th. 6% more than Australia
Migration > New citizenships per million 3.7 thousand
Ranked 5th. 16% more than United States
3.18 thousand
Ranked 7th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Lebanese 500,000
Ranked 5th.
3.3 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Australia
Oldest people > By nation of death or current residence > Born 25 December 1887 24 September 1880
Male population > Age 25-29 684,704
Ranked 57th.
10.34 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 33.44
Ranked 153th.
33.92
Ranked 150th. 1% more than Australia
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 68.36
Ranked 163th.
72.63
Ranked 156th. 6% more than Australia
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 68.49
Ranked 152nd.
69.51
Ranked 151st. 1% more than Australia
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 33.38
Ranked 163th.
35.37
Ranked 156th. 6% more than Australia
Female population > Age 25-29 659,521
Ranked 58th.
10.02 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 35.88
Ranked 95th. 10% more than United States
32.69
Ranked 139th.
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 34.98
Ranked 164th.
37.27
Ranked 155th. 7% more than Australia
Language > Macedonian speakers 200,000
Ranked 3rd. The same as United States
200,000
Ranked 2nd.
Migration > Asylum Seekers > 1980-89 1.3
Ranked 14th.
395.8
Ranked 2nd. 304 times more than Australia
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 122.6%
Ranked 122nd.
138%
Ranked 60th. 13% more than Australia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required ESTA required
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.72
Ranked 60th. The same as United States
3.72
Ranked 59th.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > German citizens > Length of stay 3 months 90 days
Gender ratio > Aged over 80 170.9%
Ranked 81st.
186.6%
Ranked 57th. 9% more than Australia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Visa requirement eVisitor Visa Waiver Program
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 6.55
Ranked 50th.
6.87
Ranked 34th. 5% more than Australia
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Dutch > Length of stay N/A 90 days
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 6
Ranked 31st.
74
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Australia
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > French citizens > Notes 90 days on each visit in 12 month period if granted 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years, ESTA required
Marriage, divorce and children > Adoption > Adoption to live birth ratio 0.2
Ranked 8th.
3
Ranked 1st. 15 times more than Australia
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.61
Ranked 97th. 11% more than United States
3.24
Ranked 150th.
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > German ancestry 898,700
Ranked 5th.
50.76 million
Ranked 2nd. 56 times more than Australia
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 37.42
Ranked 45th. 7% more than United States
35.11
Ranked 52nd.
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 3.47
Ranked 185th.
3.6
Ranked 174th. 4% more than Australia
Female population > Age 20-24 674,398
Ranked 61st.
10.19 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of the foreign-born women 5.2%
Ranked 20th. 6% more than United States
4.92%
Ranked 21st.
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.79
Ranked 67th. 7% more than United States
3.53
Ranked 99th.
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 3.52
Ranked 186th.
3.69
Ranked 175th. 5% more than Australia
Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 82.5%
Ranked 57th. 6% more than United States
77.5%
Ranked 117th.

Antarctic population > Summer 1998-9 201
Ranked 5th.
1,378
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Australia
Assyrian population > Estimated % of total population > 2008 0.28 0.03%-0.17
International migration > Migration and unemployment > Unemployment rate of native-born men 3.8%
Ranked 15th.
5.76%
Ranked 11th. 52% more than Australia
Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, female > Per 1,000 live births 4.3
Ranked 163th.
6.4
Ranked 149th. 49% more than Australia

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Canadians 27,289
Ranked 5th.
1.06 million
Ranked 1st. 39 times more than Australia
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female > % 59.4%
Ranked 16th. 42% more than United States
41.7%
Ranked 53th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee free of charge US$ 14
Population, female > % of total 50.22%
Ranked 105th.
50.81%
Ranked 56th. 1% more than Australia

Fertility > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 70.8%
Ranked 11th.
78.6%
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Australia

Female population > Age 55-59 631,318
Ranked 34th.
9.31 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia
Population > Female > % of total 50.6%
Ranked 80th.
50.8%
Ranked 63th. About the same as Australia

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Total Jews per thousand people 4.87
Ranked 5th.
17.05
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Australia

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Conditions of access eVisitor visa required ESTA required
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 1.34
Ranked 3rd. 86% more than United States
0.72
Ranked 50th.

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; World Bank staff estimates based on IMF balance of payments data.; Figures are all from the market analysts Euromonitor. See also Japan Almanac 1998 (Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo, 1998; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; Wikipedia: List of national capitals and largest cities by country (Countries); CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Economist, 30 March 2002, and Euromonitor; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; The Nobel Foundation; 1980 figures and 1999 figures for EU countries are from European Social Statistics Demography 2001. Australian figures are from ABS, Year Book Australia 2003 - Population. Marriages and Divorces and the latest figure is for 2001. Figures for other European and North American countries come from UN Economic Commission for Europe, Trends in Europe and North America 2001 (UN, NY, 2001). New Zealand figures from Maureen Baker, Families, Labour and Love (Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 2001). Japanese figures from Japan Almanac 1998 (Asahi Shimbun, Tokyo). Figures for other countries from UN Statistics Division, The World's Women 2000: Trends and Statistics. Spanish Statistical Institute; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); Wikipedia: Overseas Chinese; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division, Trends in Europe and North America 2001 (UN Economic Commission for Europe, NY, 2001), p. 74; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD; Wikipedia: Oldest people; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Russian diaspora (Statistics); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Economist, 9 October 1999; Annex to GECD Society at a Glance 2002. , Table SS5.1; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. 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World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Sperm donation laws by country (Overview table); United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF; https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Rv2hLhme008J:www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf+world+jewish+population+2010&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShFmlEo2XYeBjYVUGgz_STm8ZXvaFqIMHdpfxUC8uWpDuLqb9l7GvJbF2piXHqxgDaGkOY3jfCA_RkpUlKLSByoSQC3cLV-5LcpxgXggqUIYwzK9hdfmwVv4Sz0BdeFMxJ_-2To&sig=AHIEtbT5tVUek4PSi_N_5f0Dwe-11sBzMg, Number 2 - 2010. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Sergio DellaPergola. p. 60.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Lebanese people (Diaspora); U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Macedonian language (Usage); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for German citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for French citizens (Europe); Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Dutch citizens (Africa); Wikipedia: Adoption (Modern period) (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Trends in Foster Care and Adoption, ); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_diaspora#Distribution; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: Demographics of Antarctica; Wikipedia: Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac diaspora; Wikipedia: Canadian diaspora; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Americas); The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13992-statistics and http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/psf/box52/a467cg01.html. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Africa)