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Environment Stats: compare key data on China & Philippines

Definitions

  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Water > Freshwater pollution: Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
    Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
    Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Waste > Local garbage collected: Municipal waste collected.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.
  • CFC > Consumption: CFC consumption
    Units: Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) Tons (Metric Tons x ODP)
    Units: The indicator was obtained by multiplying the Total CFCs emissions (metric tons per ozone depletion potential) with the Per capita CFCs emissions (obtained by dividing the total CFCs emissions by the population in 1997). In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution: Noise and Light Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Pollution perceptions > Pollution index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors. Small weight is given to other pollution types.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total renewable water resources per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention).
  • Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people: Municipal waste collected. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity: Percentage of population who responded yes when asked if they believed global warming was a result of human activities. In this survey, global warming refers to the current rise in earth's temperature and not climate change as a whole.
  • Water > Percent of water resources used: Proportion of total water resources used, percentage.
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption: Consumption of all Ozone-Depleting Substances in ODP metric tons.
  • Biodiversity richness: Caldecott, J.O., M.D. Jenkins, T. Johnson and B. Groombridge. 1994. Priorities for Conserving Global Species Richness and Endemism. In World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Biodiversity Series No. 3 (N. Mark Collins, ed.) pp. 17. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, total.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities: Clean and Tidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption per million people: Consumption of all Ozone-Depleting Substances in ODP metric tons. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, rural.
  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness: Percentage of each country's population who claimed knowing "something" or a "great deal" about climate change when asked: "How much do you know about global warming or climate change?"
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution: Comfortable to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CFC > Consumption per 1000: CFC consumption
    Units: Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) Tons (Metric Tons x ODP)
    Units: The indicator was obtained by multiplying the Total CFCs emissions (metric tons per ozone depletion potential) with the Per capita CFCs emissions (obtained by dividing the total CFCs emissions by the population in 1997). In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities: Dirty and Untidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution: Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Proportion of land and marine area under protection: Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area, percentage.
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution: Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, urban.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction: Garbage Disposal Satisfaction. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat: Percentage of country's population that perceives climate change as a threat. Results are from a 2008 Gallop Poll.
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • World Heritage Sites (environmental): Natural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day per worker). Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, urban.
  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Marine areas under protection: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Water > Proportion of marine area under protection: Marine areas protected to territorial waters, percentage.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Environmental agreement compliance: Compliance with environmental agreements (WEF survey)
    Units: Survey Responses Ranging from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 7
    Units: Response to the statement: "Compliance with international environmental agreements is a high priority.
  • Freshwater > Withdrawal per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.
  • Kyoto Protocol signatories > Signed and ratified > Date: Date different countries signed the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is an international environmental treaty drafted at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1997 in Kyoto Japan. The protocol mandates signatory countries to commit themselves to reducing carbon dioxide emission. At present, there are 37 countries that have signed and ratified the protocol.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Marine areas under protection per million: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction: Quality of Green and Parks. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date: Signature.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Kyoto Protocol sign date: Signed.
  • Oil rents > % of GDP: Oil rents (% of GDP). Oil rents are the difference between the value of crude oil production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • International agreements > Signed but not ratified: The various international environmental agreements which a country has signed but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted net national income > Annual % growth: Adjusted net national income (annual % growth). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Water > Prevalence of public-private partnerships: Cities.

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  • Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
STAT China Philippines HISTORY
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $3.25 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 28 times more than Philippines
$118.26 billion
Ranked 20th.

CO2 Emissions per 1000 2.7
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.912
Ranked 113th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 4,266.04
Ranked 1st. 121 times more than Philippines
35.28
Ranked 43th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 3.17
Ranked 37th. 9 times more than Philippines
0.371
Ranked 95th.

Current issues air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from untreated wastes; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
Ecological footprint 1.84
Ranked 77th. 84% more than Philippines
1
Ranked 46th.

Marine fish catch 11.5 million tons
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Philippines
1.59 million tons
Ranked 1st.
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 85.9
Ranked 2nd. 30% more than Philippines
65.88
Ranked 21st.
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 14.1
Ranked 58th.
34.12
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than China
Pollution perceptions > Clean water 27.34
Ranked 50th.
28.95
Ranked 48th. 6% more than China
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 67.91
Ranked 3rd. 48% more than Philippines
46
Ranked 23th.
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 72.66
Ranked 10th. 2% more than Philippines
71.05
Ranked 12th.
Proportion of land area under protection 16.71%
Ranked 90th. 53% more than Philippines
10.91%
Ranked 125th.

Total renewable water resources 2,829.6 cu km
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Philippines
479 cu km
Ranked 8th.
Transport CO2 emission index 4,265
Ranked 20th.
7,375.56
Ranked 1st. 73% more than China
Water > Freshwater pollution 3.78 tons/cubic km
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Philippines
0.69 tons/cubic km
Ranked 37th.
Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 1.51 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 128th. 75% more than Philippines
0.862 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 153th.

Waste > Local garbage collected 157.34 million tonnes
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Philippines
9.1 million tonnes
Ranked 12th.

Water > Severe water stress 44.7
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than Philippines
10.4
Ranked 61st.
CFC > Consumption 2.1 million
Ranked 1st. 20 times more than Philippines
105,641
Ranked 17th.
Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution 60.76
Ranked 17th.
61.67
Ranked 15th. 1% more than China
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 74
Ranked 5th. 90% more than Philippines
39
Ranked 18th.
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 75
Ranked 5th. 97% more than Philippines
38
Ranked 18th.
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 32.09
Ranked 57th.
54
Ranked 37th. 68% more than China
CO2 emissions > Kt 4.14 million kt
Ranked 2nd. 54 times more than Philippines
76,948.64 kt
Ranked 40th.

Pollution perceptions > Pollution index 85.92
Ranked 6th. 17% more than Philippines
73.39
Ranked 16th.
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 91.69
Ranked 122nd.
92.39
Ranked 118th. 1% more than China

National parks > Number of parks 208
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Philippines
54
Ranked 5th.
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 4.96
Ranked 71st. 6 times more than Philippines
0.8
Ranked 136th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 6.19
Ranked 59th. 7 times more than Philippines
0.873
Ranked 139th.

Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 87
Ranked 6th. 18% more than Philippines
74
Ranked 10th.
Carbon efficiency 2.03 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.77 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 95th.
CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 3.22 kt
Ranked 86th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.932 kt
Ranked 125th.

Endangered species > Bird species 85
Ranked 5th. 27% more than Philippines
67
Ranked 10th.

Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $2,420.87
Ranked 37th. 95% more than Philippines
$1,244.11
Ranked 49th.

Total renewable water resources per million 2.26 cu km
Ranked 15th.
6.3 cu km
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than China
SO2 emissions per populated area 2,680 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Philippines
880 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 57th.
Waste > Hazardous waste created 14.3 million tonnes
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Philippines
1.9 million tonnes
Ranked 4th.

Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people 118.19 tonnes
Ranked 61st. 19% more than Philippines
99.08 tonnes
Ranked 62nd.

Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 121
Ranked 6th. 68% more than Philippines
72
Ranked 17th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 8.29 million
Ranked 1st. 102 times more than Philippines
81,590.75
Ranked 41st.

CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 3.22 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.96 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 127th.

Endangered species > Fish species > Number 70
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Philippines
60
Ranked 13th.
Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day 9.43 million
Ranked 1st. 65 times more than Philippines
144,629.1
Ranked 21st.

Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction 51.43
Ranked 29th.
60.27
Ranked 21st. 17% more than China
Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity 58%
Ranked 57th.
72%
Ranked 22nd. 24% more than China
Water > Percent of water resources used 19.51%
Ranked 29th. 15% more than Philippines
17.03%
Ranked 9th.

Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 446
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Philippines
216
Ranked 16th.

Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption 21,299.43
Ranked 1st. 129 times more than Philippines
164.89
Ranked 28th.

Biodiversity richness 1
Ranked 52nd. The same as Philippines
1
Ranked 46th.
NOx emissions per populated area 0.75 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Philippines
0.31 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 53th.
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 7.99 mls/litre
Ranked 65th.
8.24 mls/litre
Ranked 60th. 3% more than China
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 6.19
Ranked 59th. 7 times more than Philippines
0.873
Ranked 139th.

Forest area > Sq. km 1.97 million km²
Ranked 5th. 28 times more than Philippines
71,620 km²
Ranked 63th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $2.16
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Philippines
$0.62
Ranked 66th.

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural 65.07
Ranked 129th.
74.15
Ranked 119th. 14% more than China

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 6.53 million
Ranked 1st. 92 times more than Philippines
70,858.1
Ranked 41st.

Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities 43.62
Ranked 34th. 11% more than Philippines
39.14
Ranked 43th.
Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption per million people 15.85
Ranked 19th. 9 times more than Philippines
1.73
Ranked 86th.

Water > Availability 1.72 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 89th.
3.79 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than China
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural 84.87
Ranked 121st.
92.06
Ranked 96th. 8% more than China

Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 475
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Philippines
229
Ranked 16th.
Threatened species 213
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Philippines
188
Ranked 8th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $4,503.47
Ranked 66th. 2 times more than Philippines
$2,079.60
Ranked 97th.

Biodiversity > Number 66.61
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Philippines
32.33
Ranked 12th.

Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $6.05 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than Philippines
$197.67 billion
Ranked 39th.

Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness 62%
Ranked 64th. 32% more than Philippines
47%
Ranked 97th.
Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution 26.33
Ranked 55th.
36.36
Ranked 47th. 38% more than China
CFC > Consumption per 1000 1.7
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Philippines
1.45
Ranked 29th.
Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people 10.74 tonnes
Ranked 11th.
20.68 tonnes
Ranked 9th. 93% more than China

Protected area 6.4%
Ranked 67th. 31% more than Philippines
4.9%
Ranked 79th.
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 66.61
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Philippines
32.33
Ranked 12th.

Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities 56.38
Ranked 26th.
60.86
Ranked 17th. 8% more than China
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $2.66
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Philippines
$0.66
Ranked 82nd.

Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution 39.24
Ranked 43th. 2% more than Philippines
38.33
Ranked 45th.
Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 2,813
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Philippines
479
Ranked 18th.

Acidification 15.66%
Ranked 23th.
0.0
Ranked 118th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal 549.76
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Philippines
28.52
Ranked 23th.
Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 995,760
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Philippines
44,860
Ranked 30th.

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 2,123.57
Ranked 97th.
5,301.7
Ranked 65th. 2 times more than China

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 58.86
Ranked 28th. 4 times more than Philippines
16.82
Ranked 142nd.

Wetlands of intl importance > Area 2,548 thousand hectares
Ranked 9th. 37 times more than Philippines
68 thousand hectares
Ranked 72nd.
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 1,981
Ranked 14th. 10 times more than Philippines
204
Ranked 52nd.
CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.65 kg/PPP$
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Philippines
0.23 kg/PPP$
Ranked 113th.

Proportion of land and marine area under protection 16.12%
Ranked 76th. 3 times more than Philippines
5.06%
Ranked 145th.

Endangered species protection 100%
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Philippines
83.3%
Ranked 49th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 123.69
Ranked 1st. 213 times more than Philippines
0.58
Ranked 73th.

Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution 73.67
Ranked 5th. 16% more than Philippines
63.64
Ranked 13th.
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.0503
Ranked 158th.
0.358
Ranked 90th. 7 times more than China

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 55.85%
Ranked 119th.
69.35%
Ranked 110th. 24% more than China

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban 98.35
Ranked 97th. 6% more than Philippines
92.74
Ranked 155th.

Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction 48.57
Ranked 31st. 22% more than Philippines
39.73
Ranked 39th.
Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat 21%
Ranked 120th.
42%
Ranked 77th. Twice as much as China
Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 566,680
Ranked 1st. 30 times more than Philippines
18,940
Ranked 39th.

Wildness 31.49%
Ranked 36th. 61 times more than Philippines
0.52%
Ranked 96th.
Biosphere > Reserves area 3,316 thousand hectares
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Philippines
1,174 thousand hectares
Ranked 35th.
Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 1.51 km²
Ranked 126th. 81% more than Philippines
0.835 km²
Ranked 151st.

Threatened species > Mammal 75
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than Philippines
49
Ranked 8th.
World Heritage Sites (environmental) 10
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Philippines
2
Ranked 34th.
Known mammal species 394
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Philippines
153
Ranked 59th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 454
Ranked 3rd. 85 times more than Philippines
5.37
Ranked 46th.

Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.13
Ranked 29th.
0.146
Ranked 54th. 12% more than China

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 630.29
Ranked 2nd. 22 times more than Philippines
28.52
Ranked 27th.

Breeding birds threatened 6.62%
Ranked 22nd.
34.18%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than China
Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 4.49
Ranked 12th. 17 times more than Philippines
0.267
Ranked 65th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 6.01 million
Ranked 1st. 241 times more than Philippines
24,946.6
Ranked 36th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.856
Ranked 122nd. 92% more than Philippines
0.446
Ranked 145th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 196,855.56
Ranked 6th. 28 times more than Philippines
7,073.64
Ranked 67th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.147
Ranked 88th. 94% more than Philippines
0.0757
Ranked 99th.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 186.41
Ranked 40th. 38 times more than Philippines
4.91
Ranked 92nd.

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 36
Ranked 23th.
212
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than China
Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban 74.08
Ranked 135th.
79.19
Ranked 129th. 7% more than China

Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 119,720
Ranked 2nd. 342 times more than Philippines
350
Ranked 55th.

Urban SO2 concentration 97.07 micrograms/m3
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Philippines
33 micrograms/m3
Ranked 89th.
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $439.17 billion
Ranked 4th. 28 times more than Philippines
$15.55 billion
Ranked 46th.

Marine areas under protection 30
Ranked 14th. 4 times more than Philippines
7
Ranked 44th.
Water > Proportion of marine area under protection 1.65%
Ranked 112th.
2.49%
Ranked 96th. 51% more than China

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $1.53 trillion
Ranked 1st. 37 times more than Philippines
$41.29 billion
Ranked 22nd.

Environmental agreement compliance 4.98
Ranked 21st. 50% more than Philippines
3.33
Ranked 57th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal per million 0.435
Ranked 58th. 19% more than Philippines
0.367
Ranked 66th.
Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 73.01
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Philippines
22.83
Ranked 124th.

Known mammal species per million 0.308
Ranked 144th.
1.89
Ranked 130th. 6 times more than China
Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 1.99 thousand hectares
Ranked 85th. 2 times more than Philippines
0.84 thousand hectares
Ranked 96th.
Areas under protection per million 0.628
Ranked 121st. 21% more than Philippines
0.521
Ranked 129th.
Water > Salinisation 522.78
Ranked 79th. 4 times more than Philippines
136.7
Ranked 129th.
Kyoto Protocol signatories > Signed and ratified > Date 5/29/1998 4/15/1998
Areas under protection 809
Ranked 14th. 19 times more than Philippines
43
Ranked 68th.
Marine areas under protection per million 0.0233
Ranked 91st.
0.0847
Ranked 86th. 4 times more than China
Biosphere > Reserves area per million 2.59 thousand hectares
Ranked 74th.
14.5 thousand hectares
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than China
Fertiliser > Consumption 2,825.56 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Philippines
1,141.69 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 47th.
Urban NO2 concentration 71.72 micrograms/m3
Ranked 15th. 55% more than Philippines
46.18 micrograms/m3
Ranked 82nd.
Non-wildness 3.76%
Ranked 62nd.
9.01%
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than China
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $1.91 trillion
Ranked 1st. 47 times more than Philippines
$40.65 billion
Ranked 25th.

Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.47%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.15%
Ranked 58th.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.95
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Philippines
$0.25
Ranked 104th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI 35.11%
Ranked 4th. 58% more than Philippines
22.26%
Ranked 10th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $1.57 trillion
Ranked 1st. 38 times more than Philippines
$41.41 billion
Ranked 22nd.

Known breeding bird species per million 0.483
Ranked 144th.
4.99
Ranked 124th. 10 times more than China
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.89
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Philippines
$0.24
Ranked 101st.

Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 1.73%
Ranked 21st.
2.06%
Ranked 46th. 19% more than China

Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 20.45%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Philippines
5.21%
Ranked 45th.

Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 50%
Ranked 53th.
66.7%
Ranked 27th. 33% more than China

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 1.15 million
Ranked 3rd. 28 times more than Philippines
41,642.45
Ranked 37th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $35.21 billion
Ranked 1st. 295 times more than Philippines
$119.50 million
Ranked 50th.

Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.01% of GNI
Ranked 53th.
0.15% of GNI
Ranked 43th. 15 times more than China

Forest area > % of land area 21.15% of land area
Ranked 121st.
24.02% of land area
Ranked 113th. 14% more than China

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI 43.82%
Ranked 7th. Twice as much as Philippines
21.91%
Ranked 26th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.81%
Ranked 16th. 14 times more than Philippines
0.06%
Ranked 120th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 5.71%
Ranked 86th.
6.96%
Ranked 79th. 22% more than China

Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions 28.09%
Ranked 60th.
54.49%
Ranked 32nd. 94% more than China

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 98th.
$180.14 million
Ranked 17th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI 35.92%
Ranked 4th. 61% more than Philippines
22.32%
Ranked 10th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ $293.81 billion
Ranked 2nd. 299 times more than Philippines
$982.12 million
Ranked 65th.

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 34.21%
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Philippines
7.96%
Ranked 101st.

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 3.34
Ranked 9th. 89% more than Philippines
1.77
Ranked 90th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 1.7%
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than Philippines
0.81%
Ranked 33th.

PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 72.18 mcg/m³
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Philippines
32.22 mcg/m³
Ranked 114th.

Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 7.4%
Ranked 30th.
14.38%
Ranked 48th. 94% more than China

Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 39.9%
Ranked 5th.
42.89%
Ranked 19th. 7% more than China

Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 3.89%
Ranked 21st.
4.2%
Ranked 49th. 8% more than China

Natural gas rents > % of GDP 0.133%
Ranked 50th.
0.26%
Ranked 44th. 96% more than China

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent -407.479
Ranked 91st. 3221 times more than Philippines
-0.127
Ranked 33th.
Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction 47.52
Ranked 26th.
58.78
Ranked 13th. 24% more than China
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 6.58%
Ranked 107th.
16.58%
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than China

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ $74.23 billion
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than Philippines
$1.50 billion
Ranked 20th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 22.41%
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than Philippines
5.95%
Ranked 81st.
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 44.49%
Ranked 64th.
52.77%
Ranked 51st. 19% more than China

Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 82.76%
Ranked 85th.
88.21%
Ranked 30th. 7% more than China

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 53.89%
Ranked 8th. 78% more than Philippines
30.3%
Ranked 33th.

Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.91%
Ranked 56th.
2%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than China

Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 15.14%
Ranked 76th.
17.15%
Ranked 57th. 13% more than China
Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 8.85%
Ranked 17th. 92% more than Philippines
4.61%
Ranked 44th.

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 0.27%
Ranked 102nd.
0.73%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than China
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 25.7%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Philippines
9.43%
Ranked 68th.

Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.28 mls/litre
Ranked 87th.
0.35 mls/litre
Ranked 67th. 25% more than China
Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction 52.48
Ranked 34th. 27% more than Philippines
41.22
Ranked 47th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Domestic 7%
Ranked 89th.
17%
Ranked 58th. 2 times more than China
Known breeding bird species 618
Ranked 5th. 53% more than Philippines
404
Ranked 13th.
Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 15.47%
Ranked 16th.
16.44%
Ranked 22nd. 6% more than China

Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 9.09%
Ranked 53th. 3 times more than Philippines
3.58%
Ranked 83th.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date June 11, 1992 June 12, 1992
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Kyoto Protocol sign date 29 May 1998 15 April 1998
Oil rents > % of GDP 1.64%
Ranked 47th. 20 times more than Philippines
0.0823%
Ranked 69th.

Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 14.84%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Philippines
7.29%
Ranked 48th.

Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 6.35%
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Philippines
2.68%
Ranked 61st.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 67.72%
Ranked 71st.
73.98%
Ranked 60th. 9% more than China

Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.14 kg per day per worker
Ranked 61st.
0.18 kg per day per worker
Ranked 42nd. 29% more than China

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Agricultural 68%
Ranked 71st.
74%
Ranked 61st. 9% more than China
International agreements > Signed but not ratified none of the selected agreements Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 6.74%
Ranked 32nd. 13 times more than Philippines
0.53%
Ranked 67th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 1.26%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Philippines
0.35%
Ranked 68th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 10.08%
Ranked 98th. 20% more than Philippines
8.38%
Ranked 125th.

Water > Suspended solids 7.97 mls/litre
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Philippines
3.62 mls/litre
Ranked 113th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 13.82%
Ranked 190th.
51.04%
Ranked 122nd. 4 times more than China

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 0.338
Ranked 48th. 6 times more than Philippines
0.0565
Ranked 106th.

CO2 Emissions 3.47 million
Ranked 2nd. 46 times more than Philippines
75,299.2
Ranked 36th.
Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million -0.342
Ranked 41st. 184 times more than Philippines
-0.00186
Ranked 27th.
Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 1.36% of GNI
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Philippines
0.45% of GNI
Ranked 67th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 2.38%
Ranked 102nd.
8.67%
Ranked 89th. 4 times more than China

Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 12.95%
Ranked 4th. 36% more than Philippines
9.54%
Ranked 38th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 55.85
Ranked 119th.
69.35
Ranked 110th. 24% more than China

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 1.55%
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than Philippines
0.752%
Ranked 103th.

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Industrial 26%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Philippines
9%
Ranked 49th.
Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 20.59%
Ranked 13th.
21.63%
Ranked 18th. 5% more than China

Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 10.92%
Ranked 43th. 11% more than Philippines
9.81%
Ranked 58th.

Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 1.28%
Ranked 90th.
52.77%
Ranked 10th. 41 times more than China

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 1.37% of GNI
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Philippines
0.57% of GNI
Ranked 56th.

Adjusted net national income > Annual % growth 7.15%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Philippines
2.63%
Ranked 53th.

Water > Prevalence of public-private partnerships Shenzhen , Fuzhou , Lanzhou , Wuhu City and 23 others Manila
Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 7.2%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Philippines
2.63%
Ranked 40th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 53.63%
Ranked 29th. 17% more than Philippines
45.75%
Ranked 47th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 72.49%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Philippines
30.58%
Ranked 39th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 90th.
0.1%
Ranked 44th.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 249,362
Ranked 2nd. 543 times more than Philippines
459
Ranked 65th.

Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 92.7%
Ranked 40th.
95.62%
Ranked 27th. 3% more than China

SOURCES: The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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