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Compare key data on Australia & Italy

Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Crime > Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes): Suicides per 100’000 residents per year.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Rapes per million people: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Military > Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Health > Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Crime > Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Crime > Violent crime > Rapes: The number of recorded rapes. Large numbers of rapes go unreported. South Africa is estimated to have 500,000 rapes per year, Egypt 200,000, China 32,000 and the UK with 85,000 rapes per year.
  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Crime > Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Industry > Manufacturing output: Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Energy > Commercial energy use: Commercial energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Commercial energy use refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Health > Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Education > Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Military > Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • People > Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Crime > Murders > Per capita: Number of convictions for intentional homicides in the given year. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Health > Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Crime > Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Military > War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Education > Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Crime > Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Military > Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Education > College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Military > Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Education > High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Lifestyle > Quality of life index: Quality of Life Index is an estimation of overall quality of life by using empirical formula (the formula is an our opinion and it's based on experiments). The actual formula might be changed. Currently, we put the highest weight to pollution - if the environment is polluted too much, the economy or safety cannot fulfill it. We put the second highest importance to safety, since it is more important to feel safe rather than wealthy, in our opinion. etc. The number 65 is added so that the numbers are in such range so it rarely goes under zero (65 is a range modifier).
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Health > Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Military > Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Education > College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Crime > Rape victims: People victimized by sexual assault (as a % of the total population). Data refer to female population only. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Military > Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility (notes): Additional information, qualifications, exceptions and notes on the age of criminal responsibility stat, which indicates the age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Crime > Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Education > Average IQ: Average IQ of different countries according to the controversial book "IQ and the Wealth of Nations".
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Environment > Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

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  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies: List of news agencies.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • Crime > Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Crime > Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality."
  • Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares: Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Culture > Food and drink > Beer consumption: Total national beer consumption (litres).
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Transport > Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Economy > Gross National Income per capita: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Agriculture > Farm workers: Agricultural employment shows the number of agricultural workers in the agricultural sector.
  • People > Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate: Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individuals.
  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Transport > Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Economy > Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Health > Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Females: Female YPLL. Years lost to premature death. 

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transport > Motor vehicles: Motor vehicles per 1,000 people
  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users (per 100 people). Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Assault victims: People victimized by assault (as a % of the total population). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevelence.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Crime > Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use: Adult lifetime cannabis use.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Crime > Total crime victims: People victimized by crime (as a % of the total population). Data refer to people victimized by one or more of 11 crimes recorded in the survey: robbery, burglary, attempted burglary, car theft, car vandalism, bicycle theft, sexual assault, theft from car, theft of personal property, assault and threats. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Education > College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Geography > Total area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways."
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Crime > Murders: Number of convictions for intentional homicides in the given year.
  • Media > Personal computers per 1000: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Industry > Manufacturing growth: Annual growth rate for manufacturing value added based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • People > Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Culture > World Heritage Sites: Cultural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Industry > Growth: Annual growth rate for industrial value added based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Lifestyle > Happiness level > Very happy: Proportion of people who answered the survey question: "Taking all things together, would you say you are: very happy, quite happy, not very happy, or not at all happy?" by stating that they were "Very happy".
  • Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (males): Male.
  • Sports > Chess > GrandMasters: Number of GrandMaster chess champions, by country. A GrandMaster is the highest level of recognition in chess.
  • Labor > Trade union membership: Union members as % of all employees. Figures are for 2000.
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Crime > Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Health > Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations: Total Congregations.
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Lifestyle > Happiness net: This statistic is compiled from responses to the survey question: "Taking all things together, would you say you are: very happy, quite happy, not very happy, or not at all happy?". The "Happiness (net)" statistic was obtained via the following formula: the percentage of people who rated themselves as either "quite happy" or "very happy" minus the percentage of people who rated themselves as either "not very happy" or "not at all happy".
  • Background > National tree: Name of tree.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Media > Daily newspapers > Per 1,000 people: Daily newspapers refer to those published at least four times a week and calculated as average circulation (or copies printed) per 1,000 people."
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival."
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Males: Male YPLL.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$: Industry, value added (current US$). Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Health > Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
  • Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Economy > Inbound tourism income > Current US$: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Culture > Food and drink > Fast food > McDonalds > First outlet notes: Facts and peculiarities regarding the opening of a McDonald's in each country.
  • Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Economy > Tax > Tax rates: Revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here."
  • Government > National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Geography > Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Labor > GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Cost of living > IPad Index: Price of an Apple iPad Air 16 GB WIFI, in USD.
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > GDP per person: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Education > Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year: This list compares the average annual consumption of cigarettes per adult in countries around the world. Ten european countries top the list, all located at the East of the continent, with the exception of Greece. Developed asian countries like China, South Korea and Japan also register high cigarette consumption, while Africa hosts the countries with less consumption.
  • Environment > Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000: Telephone lines. Telephone lines are fixed telephone lines that connect a subscriber's terminal equipment to the public switched telephone network and that have a port on a telephone exchange. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Industry > Car > Production: OICA defines passenger cars as motor vehicles used for transporting passengers with at least four wheels and containing 8 seats or less.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Economy > Exports > Main exports: Country main exports.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Labor > Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are expressed constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Culture > Food and drink > Fast food > McDonalds > First outlet date: The date when the first McDonald's outlet opened in each country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Televisions: The total number of televisions
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita: The total number of main telephone lines in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (females: Female.
  • Education > College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Education > School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Language > Linguistic diversity index: LDI.
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Lifestyle > Food and drink > Coffee > Consumption: Kilograms of coffee consumed per person per year, 2002.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Media > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Industry > Motor vehicle > Production: Motor vehicle production by country 2002
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Geography > Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Australia Italy HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $3,780.69
Ranked 9th. 79% more than Italy
$2,117.76
Ranked 39th.
Crime > Crime levels 46.01
Ranked 47th.
48.51
Ranked 39th. 5% more than Australia
Crime > Murder rate 1.3 1.1
Crime > Rape rate 28.6
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Italy
7.6
Ranked 40th.

Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 1.16
Ranked 51st. 33% more than Italy
0.87
Ranked 55th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 229
Ranked 42nd.
529
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Australia

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 10.38
Ranked 73th. 19% more than Italy
8.75
Ranked 77th.

Economy > GDP $1.52 trillion
Ranked 13th.
$2.01 trillion
Ranked 10th. 32% more than Australia

Economy > GDP per capita $67,035.57
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Italy
$33,048.75
Ranked 24th.

Economy > Gross National Income $386.00 billion
Ranked 14th.
$1.12 trillion
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Australia
Geography > Land area > Square miles 2.9 million square miles
Ranked 3rd. 25 times more than Italy
116,346 square miles
Ranked 1st.
Government > Government type federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm republic
Government > Legal system common law system based on the English model civil law system; judicial review under certain conditions in Constitutional Court
Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 2.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th.
4.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 68% more than Australia

People > Population 22.26 million
Ranked 55th.
61.48 million
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Australia

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 96
Ranked 17th.
320
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Australia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.14%
Ranked 124th. 5% more than Italy
14.39%
Ranked 156th.

Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.89%
Ranked 74th. The same as Italy
1.88%
Ranked 75th.

Geography > Area > Comparative slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states slightly larger than Arizona
Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 15
Ranked 41st. 26% more than Italy
11.9
Ranked 54th.
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility 10
Ranked 44th.
14
Ranked 23th. 40% more than Australia
Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -3.4% of GDP
Ranked 109th. 17% more than Italy
-2.9% of GDP
Ranked 98th.

Geography > Climate generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
Crime > Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes) 10
Ranked 7th. 59% more than Italy
6.3
Ranked 2nd.
Crime > Violent crime > Rapes per million people 289.05
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Italy
76.57
Ranked 38th.

Geography > Area > Land 7.62 million sq km
Ranked 7th. 26 times more than Italy
294,020 sq km
Ranked 70th.

Government > Legislative branch bicameral Federal Parliament consists of the Senate bicameral Parliament or Parlamento consists of the Senate or Senato della Repubblica (315 seats; members elected by proportional vote with the winning coalition in each region receiving 55% of seats from that region; members to serve five-year terms; and up to 5 senators for life appointed by the president of the Republic) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camera dei Deputati (630 seats; members elected by popular vote with the winning national coalition receiving 54% of chamber seats; members to serve five-year terms); note - it has not been clarified if each president has the power to designate up to five senators or if five is the number of senators for life who might sit in the Senate
Geography > Geographic coordinates 27 00 S, 133 00 E 42 50 N, 12 50 E
Religion > Religions Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census) Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third practicing), other 10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community)
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 101.6
Ranked 11th. 38% more than Italy
73.81
Ranked 32nd.
People > Population > Population growth, past and future 0.114
Ranked 55th.
-0.147
Ranked 113th.

Military > Army > Main battle tanks 59
Ranked 47th.
480
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Australia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $16.08
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Italy
$6.83
Ranked 25th.
Environment > Marine fish catch 134,900 tons
Ranked 49th.
183,871 tons
Ranked 43th. 36% more than Australia
Economy > Unemployment rate 5.2%
Ranked 88th.
10.7%
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Australia

Health > Human height > Average female height 1.634 m (5 ft 4 ⁄ 2 in) 1.650 m (5 ft 5 in)
People > Ethnic groups white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1% Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Government > Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory 18 years of age; universal (except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25)
Geography > Area > Total 7.74 million sq km
Ranked 7th. 26 times more than Italy
301,340 sq km
Ranked 73th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.55%
Ranked 119th. 6% more than Italy
9.96%
Ranked 164th.

Crime > Police officers 222.7
Ranked 8th.
549.9
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Australia

Government > Constitution 9 July 1900; effective 1 January 1901; amended several times, last in 1977 previous 1848 (originally for Kingdom of Sardinia and adopted by Kingdom of Italy in 1861); latest enacted 22 December 1947, adopted 27 December 1947, entered into force 1 January 1948; amended many times, last in 2012
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 49.4 million hectares
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Italy
7.74 million hectares
Ranked 17th.

Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use 10.6%
Ranked 4th.
14.6%
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than Australia
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage Most workers are covered by an award , which may vary by employee age, geographical location and industry. For adults not covered by an award or agreement, the minimum wages is A$ 16.37 per hour, A$622.20 per week; set federally by Fair Work Australia . Junior workers, apprentices and trainees not covered by an award each have a minimum wage level set nationally. None; instead set through collective bargaining agreements on a sector-by-sector basis.
Crime > Violent crime > Rapes 6,378
Ranked 6th. 41% more than Italy
4,513
Ranked 12th.

Government > Judicial branch High Court (the chief justice and six other justices are appointed by the governor general acting on the advice of the government) Constitutional Court or Corte Costituzionale (composed of 15 judges: one-third appointed by the president, one-third elected by parliament, one-third elected by the ordinary and administrative Supreme Courts); Supreme Court of Cassation or Corte Suprema di Cassazione
Education > Children out of school, primary 68,417
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Italy
25,573
Ranked 58th.

Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 717
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Italy
679
Ranked 10th.
Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $40,316.70
Ranked 11th. 37% more than Italy
$29,462.64
Ranked 27th.

Geography > Land area > Sq. km 7.68 million sq km
Ranked 6th. 26 times more than Italy
294,140 sq km
Ranked 70th.

People > Birth rate 12.23 births/1,000 population
Ranked 162nd. 37% more than Italy
8.94 births/1,000 population
Ranked 209th.

Crime > Drugs > Opiates use 0.5%
Ranked 5th.
0.8%
Ranked 2nd. 60% more than Australia
People > Population growth 0.114%
Ranked 55th.
-0.147%
Ranked 113th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.88
Ranked 118th. 73% more than Italy
10.33
Ranked 139th.

Economy > Budget > Revenues $504.70 billion
Ranked 10th.
$964.30 billion
Ranked 7th. 91% more than Australia

People > Age distribution > Median age 47.26 years
Ranked 69th.
49.61 years
Ranked 28th. 5% more than Australia

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $42,000.00
Ranked 11th. 41% more than Italy
$29,800.00
Ranked 30th.

Industry > Manufacturing output 123.06 billion
Ranked 15th.
245.11 billion
Ranked 6th. Twice as much as Australia

Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 1,967
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Italy
1,947
Ranked 26th.
Government > Political parties and leaders Australian Greens Party [Christine MILNE]<br />Australian Labor Party [Bill SHORTEN]<br />Country Liberal Party [Terry MILLS]<br />Family First Party [Steve FIELDING]<br />Katter's Australian Party [Bob KATTER]<br />Liberal National Party of Queensland [Campbell NEWMAN]<br />Liberal Party [Tony ABBOTT]<br />National Party of Australia [Warren TRUSS]<br />Palmer United Party [Clive PALMER] <strong>Center-right coalition [Silvio BERLUSCONI]: </strong><br />People of Freedom or PdL [Silvio BERLUSCONI]<br />Northern League or LN [Roberto MARONI]<br />Brothers of Italy or Fdl [Giorgia MELONI and Ignazio LA RUSSA]<br />The Right or LD [Francesco STORACE]<br />other minor parties<br /><br /><strong>Italy Common Good (Center-Left) [Pier Luigi BERSANI]:</strong><br />Democratic Party or PD [Pier Luigi BERSANI]<br />Left Ecology Freedom or SEL [Nichi VENDOLA]<br />Italian Socialist Party or PSI [Riccardo NENCINI]<br />Democratic Centre or CD [Bruno TABACCI and Massimo DONADI]<br />South Tyrolean People's Party or SVP [Luis DURNWALDER]<br /><br /><strong>With Monti for Italy (Centrist):</strong><br />Civic Choice or SC [Mario MONTI]<br />Union of the Center or UdC [Pier Ferdinando CASINI]<br />Future and Freedom for Italy or FLI [Gianfranco FINI]<br /><br /><strong>other coalitions and parties:</strong><br />Civil Revolution or RC [Antonio INGROIA]<br />Act to Stop the Decline or FiD [Oscar GIANNINO]<br />Five Star Movment or M5S [Beppe GRILLO]
Energy > Commercial energy use 5,743.63
Ranked 14th. 93% more than Italy
2,973.95
Ranked 38th.
Health > Human height > Average male height 1.748 m (5 ft 9 in) 1.760 m (5 ft 9 &#8260; 2 in)
Economy > Economy > Overview The Australian economy has experienced continuous growth and features low unemployment, contained inflation, very low public debt, and a strong and stable financial system. By 2012, Australia had experienced more than 20 years of continued economic growth, averaging 3.5% a year. Demand for resources and energy from Asia and especially China has grown rapidly, creating a channel for resources investments and growth in commodity exports. The high Australian dollar has hurt the manufacturing sector, while the services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of jobs. Australia was comparatively unaffected by the global financial crisis as the banking system has remained strong and inflation is under control. Australia has benefited from a dramatic surge in its terms of trade in recent years, stemming from rising global commodity prices. Australia is a significant exporter of natural resources, energy, and food. Australia's abundant and diverse natural resources attract high levels of foreign investment and include extensive reserves of coal, iron, copper, gold, natural gas, uranium, and renewable energy sources. A series of major investments, such as the US$40 billion Gorgon Liquid Natural Gas project, will significantly expand the resources sector. Australia is an open market with minimal restrictions on imports of goods and services. The process of opening up has increased productivity, stimulated growth, and made the economy more flexible and dynamic. Australia plays an active role in the World Trade Organization, APEC, the G20, and other trade forums. Australia has bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) with Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and the US, has a regional FTA with ASEAN and New Zealand, is negotiating agreements with China, India, Indonesia, Japan, and the Republic of Korea, as well as with its Pacific neighbors and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, and is also working on the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement with Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the US, and Vietnam. Italy has a diversified industrial economy, which is divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less-developed, highly subsidized, agricultural south, where unemployment is high. The Italian economy is driven in large part by the manufacture of high-quality consumer goods produced by small and medium-sized enterprises, many of them family-owned. Italy also has a sizable underground economy, which by some estimates accounts for as much as 17% of GDP. These activities are most common within the agriculture, construction, and service sectors. Italy is the third-largest economy in the euro-zone, but its exceptionally high public debt and structural impediments to growth have rendered it vulnerable to scrutiny by financial markets. Public debt has increased steadily since 2007, topping 126% of GDP in 2012, and investor concerns about the broader euro-zone crisis at times have caused borrowing costs on sovereign government debt to rise to euro-era records. During the second half of 2011 the government passed three austerity packages to reduce its budget deficit and help bring down borrowing costs. These measures included a hike in the value-added tax, pension reforms, and cuts to public administration. The government also faces pressure from investors and European partners to sustain its recent efforts to address Italy's long-standing structural impediments to growth, such as labor market inefficiencies and widespread tax evasion. In 2012 economic growth and labor market conditions deteriorated, with growth at -2.3% and unemployment rising to nearly 11%, with youth unemployment around 35%. The government has undertaken several reform initiatives designed to increase long-term economic growth. Italy's GDP is now 7% below its 2007 pre-crisis level.
Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 10.38
Ranked 73th. 19% more than Italy
8.75
Ranked 77th.

Economy > Exports $257.90 billion
Ranked 22nd.
$478.90 billion
Ranked 9th. 86% more than Australia

Crime > Violent crime > Murders 229
Ranked 42nd.
529
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Australia

Government > Executive branch > Cabinet prime minister nominates, from among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the governor general to serve as government ministers Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister and nominated by the President of the Republic
Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 7.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th. 68% more than Italy
4.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 21st.

People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.19
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Italy
0.895
Ranked 68th.

Education > Compulsary education duration 11
Ranked 41st. 10% more than Italy
10
Ranked 64th.

People > Gender > Female population 20.79 million
Ranked 55th.
27.46 million
Ranked 43th. 32% more than Australia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 6.28 million
Ranked 57th.
7.85 million
Ranked 46th. 25% more than Australia

Education > Homeschooling legal status Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system. Legal, homeschooling is allowed by the constitution.
Military > Budget 26.9 US$ BN
Ranked 3rd.
38.2 US$ BN
Ranked 5th. 42% more than Australia
Economy > GDP > Per capita $37,828.78 per capita
Ranked 15th. 29% more than Italy
$29,393.12 per capita
Ranked 9th.

Agriculture > Rural population 4,104
Ranked 206th.
23,899
Ranked 136th. 6 times more than Australia

People > Mother's mean age at first birth 30.5
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Italy
27.7
Ranked 6th.
Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 10,864.15 kWh per capita
Ranked 11th. Twice as much as Italy
5,417.24 kWh per capita
Ranked 34th.

People > Death rate 7.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 132nd.
10.01 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 51st. 43% more than Australia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $2.42
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Italy
$0.55
Ranked 124th.
Environment > Ecological footprint 8.49
Ranked 7th. 54% more than Italy
5.51
Ranked 25th.
Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 534
Ranked 131st.
832
Ranked 98th. 56% more than Australia
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $2.62
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Italy
$2.19
Ranked 23th.
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders <strong>other: </strong>business groups, environmental groups, social groups, trade unions manufacturers and merchants associations - Confcommercio; Confindustria<br />organized farm groups - Confcoltivatori; Confagricoltura; Roman Catholic Church<br />three major trade union confederations - Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro or CGIL [Susanna CAMUSSO] which is left wing; Confederazione Italiana dei Sindacati Lavoratori or CISL [Raffaele BONANNI], which is Roman Catholic centrist; Unione Italiana del Lavoro or UIL [Luigi ANGELETTI] which is lay centrist
Geography > Natural resources bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $4,768.32
Ranked 3rd.
$5,062.48
Ranked 14th. 6% more than Australia

Crime > Burglaries 1,530.2
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Italy
190.2
Ranked 28th.
Energy > Electricity > Consumption 213.5 billion kWh
Ranked 8th.
313.8 billion kWh
Ranked 4th. 47% more than Australia

People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 82.1%
Ranked 56th.
89.67%
Ranked 16th. 9% more than Australia

Crime > Murders > Per capita 17.01 per 1 million people
Ranked 18th. 39% more than Italy
12.26 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st.
Health > Probability of not reaching 60 9.1%
Ranked 43th. The same as Italy
9.1%
Ranked 42nd.
Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 7.74 million km²
Ranked 6th. 26 times more than Italy
301,340 km²
Ranked 71st.

People > Population growth rate 1.11%
Ranked 106th. 3 times more than Italy
0.34%
Ranked 164th.

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 362.63 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 72 times more than Italy
5.06 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 168th.

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 1,040.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th.
1,341.47 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 29% more than Australia

Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 4.1 million sq. km
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Italy
139,326 sq. km
Ranked 64th.

Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000 3.06
Ranked 68th. 7 times more than Italy
0.421
Ranked 106th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 81.85
Ranked 11th.
82.09
Ranked 7th. About the same as Australia

Crime > Robberies 81.8
Ranked 4th.
121.7
Ranked 12th. 49% more than Australia

Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 814.36
Ranked 26th. 41% more than Italy
577.91
Ranked 67th.

Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 10,719.9
Ranked 10th. 99% more than Italy
5,392.72
Ranked 39th.

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $192.98
Ranked 33th.
$215.12
Ranked 21st. 11% more than Australia
Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 67.26
Ranked 38th.
70.63
Ranked 32nd. 5% more than Australia
Military > Personnel > Per capita 2.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.
7.59 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 3 times more than Australia

Military > War deaths 0.0
Ranked 152nd.
0.0
Ranked 139th.

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 2.14
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Italy
0.112
Ranked 115th.

Agriculture > Agricultural growth 75
Ranked 195th.
94
Ranked 173th. 25% more than Australia

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 29.68
Ranked 40th. 7% more than Italy
27.78
Ranked 48th.
Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 29.3 CIA
Ranked 117th.
126.1 CIA
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Australia
Media > Internet users 15.81 million
Ranked 25th.
30.03 million
Ranked 5th. 90% more than Australia

Economy > Public debt 32.4% of GDP
Ranked 107th.
126.9% of GDP
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Australia

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 1.8%
Ranked 168th.
3.3%
Ranked 112th. 83% more than Australia

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 49.47
Ranked 49th. 3% more than Italy
47.97
Ranked 52nd.
Education > Average years of schooling of adults 10.9
Ranked 6th. 51% more than Italy
7.2
Ranked 36th.
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $108.16 billion
Ranked 9th.
$306.20 billion
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Australia

Crime > Kidnappings 3.81
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than Italy
0.47
Ranked 29th.
Language > Languages English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census) Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Transport > Road network length > Km
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 68.9%
Ranked 55th.
73.8%
Ranked 31st. 7% more than Australia
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 4.38 million
Ranked 57th.
5.44 million
Ranked 46th. 24% more than Australia

Economy > Exports per capita $11,369.45
Ranked 28th. 45% more than Italy
$7,861.39
Ranked 39th.

Media > Personal computers > Per capita 682.86 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 86% more than Italy
366.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th.

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 534
Ranked 138th.
832
Ranked 103th. 56% more than Australia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $1.39
Ranked 62nd.
$1.72
Ranked 31st. 24% more than Australia
Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $15.19
Ranked 10th. 39% more than Italy
$10.92
Ranked 31st.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 35.49%
Ranked 65th.
38.49%
Ranked 23th. 8% more than Australia

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $130.39
Ranked 8th. 6% more than Italy
$123.18
Ranked 17th.
Government > Administrative divisions 6 states and 2 territories*; Australian Capital Territory*, New South Wales, Northern Territory*, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia 15 regions (regioni, singular - regione) and 5 autonomous regions (regioni autonome, singular - regione autonoma)<br /><strong>regions:</strong> Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Lazio (Latium), Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte (Piedmont), Puglia (Apulia), Toscana (Tuscany), Umbria, Veneto (Venetia)<br /><strong>autonomous regions:</strong> Friuli-Venezia Giulia; Sardegna (Sardinia); Sicilia (Sicily); Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol) or Trentino-Suedtirol (German); Valle d'Aosta (Aosta Valley) or Vallee d'Aoste (French)
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 58.91
Ranked 15th. 83% more than Italy
32.14
Ranked 42nd.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 22.79 million
Ranked 56th.
28.79 million
Ranked 46th. 26% more than Australia

Education > Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 25th. About the same as Italy
98.6%
Ranked 36th.

Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index 74.13
Ranked 12th. 15% more than Italy
64.54
Ranked 27th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 2.06 million
Ranked 57th.
2.58 million
Ranked 46th. 25% more than Australia

Transport > Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 11
Ranked 69th.
162
Ranked 13th. 15 times more than Australia

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 26.8%
Ranked 42nd. 35% more than Italy
19.8%
Ranked 95th.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $3.85
Ranked 16th. 16% more than Italy
$3.31
Ranked 27th.
Military > Navy > Nuclear submarines 0.0
Ranked 28th.
0.0
Ranked 6th.
Education > College and university > Gender parity index 1.35
Ranked 39th.
1.39
Ranked 35th. 3% more than Australia

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $2,778.30
Ranked 15th. 87% more than Italy
$1,485.80
Ranked 46th.
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 30.3
Ranked 29th.
31.9
Ranked 11th. 5% more than Australia

Religion > Religions > All Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census) approximately 90% Roman Catholic (about one-third regularly attend services); mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $24,568.85
Ranked 64th.
$27,311.21
Ranked 46th. 11% more than Australia
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 40% more than Italy
5
Ranked 167th.

Military > Global Peace Index 1.44
Ranked 18th.
1.66
Ranked 10th. 16% more than Australia

Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 144th.
8
Ranked 15th. 33% more than Australia

Military > Navy > Corvette warships 0.0
Ranked 43th.
8
Ranked 3rd.
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 239.31 billion
Ranked 16th.
327.46 billion
Ranked 13th. 37% more than Australia

Media > Televisions per 1000 510.17
Ranked 23th.
526
Ranked 18th. 3% more than Australia
Health > Births and maternity > Future births 412.8
Ranked 57th.
516.82
Ranked 47th. 25% more than Australia

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 47.28 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 13th. 62% more than Italy
29.27 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 27th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 49.37%
Ranked 135th. 5% more than Italy
47.12%
Ranked 178th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female 29,573
Ranked 39th. 65% more than Italy
17,905
Ranked 48th.

Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 1,649.7
Ranked 111th.
5,274.9
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Australia

People > Population in 2015 22,250 thousand
Ranked 54th.
57,818 thousand
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Australia
Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 30.5
Ranked 15th.
31.3
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Australia

Geography > Terrain mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands
Education > High school enrolment rate 99.86
Ranked 6th. About the same as Italy
99.72
Ranked 10th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.81 years
Ranked 9th. The same as Italy
81.77 years
Ranked 10th.

Transport > Road > Motorway length 1,700 km
Ranked 30th.
6,661 km
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Australia
Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people 1.5
Ranked 107th. 25% more than Italy
1.2
Ranked 113th.
Military > Service age and obligation 17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in Army combat units in non-combat support roles 18-27 year of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished January 2005; women may serve in any military branch; 10-month service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 45 (Army and Air Force) or 39 (Navy)
Geography > Location Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Health > Quality of health care system > Cost 64.53
Ranked 27th.
68.02
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Australia
People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 30.3 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Italy
14.05 million
Ranked 9th.

Lifestyle > Quality of life index 172.9
Ranked 7th. Twice as much as Italy
86.45
Ranked 40th.
Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 41st. 24% more than Italy
4.5%
Ranked 64th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 3.7%, industry 26.4%, services 70% agriculture 5%, industry 32%, services 63%
Economy > Human Development Index 0.955
Ranked 3rd. 2% more than Italy
0.934
Ranked 18th.
Labor > Unemployment rate 5.1%
Ranked 75th.
8.4%
Ranked 38th. 65% more than Australia

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 46th. 21% more than Italy
4.6
Ranked 70th.

People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.58
Ranked 133th.
9.8
Ranked 48th. 49% more than Australia

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 16.32
Ranked 57th.
62.26
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than Australia
Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita 265.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
734.95 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 3 times more than Australia

Media > Households with television 96.28%
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Italy
95.5%
Ranked 16th.

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 12.55 per 1,000 people
Ranked 137th. 32% more than Italy
9.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 166th.

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 1.72
Ranked 63th.
2.07
Ranked 56th. 20% more than Australia
Culture > Happy Planet Index 36.6
Ranked 102nd.
44
Ranked 69th. 20% more than Australia

Government > Executive branch > Head of government Prime Minister Anthony John "Tony" ABBOTT (since 18 September 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Warren TRUSS (since 18 September 2013) Prime Minister Enrico LETTA (since 17 April 2013)
Geography > Coastline 25,760 km
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Italy
7,600 km
Ranked 16th.

Labor > Labor force 11.62 million
Ranked 38th.
25.05 million
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Australia

Health > Obesity 21.7%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Italy
8.5%
Ranked 25th.
Environment > Current issues soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities
Energy > Oil > Consumption 946,300 bbl/day
Ranked 17th.
1.54 million bbl/day
Ranked 14th. 62% more than Australia

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 84.1
Ranked 12th.
84.7
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Australia

Military > Army > Attack helicopters 22
Ranked 13th.
56
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Australia

Education > College and university > Share of total education spending 22.28%
Ranked 42nd. 19% more than Italy
18.76%
Ranked 63th.

Health > Life expectancy > Men 80 years
Ranked 1st. 1% more than Italy
79 years
Ranked 1st.
Crime > Rape victims 1%
Ranked 5th. 67% more than Italy
0.6%
Ranked 11th.
Military > Navy > Submarines 6
Ranked 4th. The same as Italy
6
Ranked 5th.
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>ABC - national, public</p> </p>ABC News 24 - ABC&#039;s news TV</p> </p>Australia Network - international channel operated by ABC</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15675260">Full Article</a> <p>Rai - public, stations include Rai Uno, Rai Due, Rai Tre, rolling news channel Rai News 24 and cable/satellite services</p> </p>Mediaset - main private broadcaster, operates Italia 1, Rete 4 and Canale 5</p> </p>La7 - private, owned by Telecom Italia Media</p>
Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 28.56 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Italy
2.87 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 66th.

People > Total fertility rate 1.77 children born/woman
Ranked 156th. 26% more than Italy
1.41 children born/woman
Ranked 201st.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 79.7
Ranked 8th. About the same as Italy
79.6
Ranked 10th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 29.94%
Ranked 65th.
32.89%
Ranked 20th. 10% more than Australia

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $2.60
Ranked 21st. The same as Italy
$2.60
Ranked 20th.
Media > Television receivers > Per capita 548.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 12th. 3% more than Italy
532.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th.

Government > Executive branch > Chief of state Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Quentin BRYCE (since 5 September 2008) President Giorgio NAPOLITANO (since 15 May 2006)
Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address APO AP 96549 PSC 59, Box 100, APO AE 09624
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 106.19
Ranked 95th.
159.48
Ranked 19th. 50% more than Australia

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $961.00 billion
Ranked 18th.
$1.81 trillion
Ranked 10th. 89% more than Australia

Government > Capital city > Name Canberra Rome
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility (notes) Age of criminal responsibility in Australia . Rebuttable presumption of incapacity of committing crime: under 14. Juvenile judiciary system for offenders aged between 14 and 18; separate juvenile jails. Full criminal responsibility from age 18.
Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 35 17 S, 149 13 E 41 54 N, 12 29 E
Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 241.7
Ranked 9th. 59% more than Italy
151.92
Ranked 18th.

Government > International organization participation ADB, ANZUS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CD, CP, EAS, EBRD, EITI (implementing country), FAO, FATF, G-20, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NEA, NSG, OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), Paris Club, PCA, PIF, SAARC (observer), SICA (observer), Sparteca, SPC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNMISS, UNMIT, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CD, CDB, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), Schengen Convention, SELEC (observer), SICA (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNMISS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 142nd.
0.51
Ranked 122nd. 6% more than Australia

Crime > Prisoners 22,492 prisoners
Ranked 46th.
55,670 prisoners
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Australia
Media > Internet > Users per 1000 534.83
Ranked 29th.
538.94
Ranked 28th. 1% more than Australia

Crime > Assaults 797
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Italy
123.7
Ranked 27th.
Religion > Major religion(s) Christianity Christianity
Education > Average IQ 98
Ranked 14th.
102
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Australia
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 83.1%
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Italy
81.6%
Ranked 13th.
Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $58.02
Ranked 37th. 66% more than Italy
$34.89
Ranked 87th.
Geography > Area > Water 58,920 sq km
Ranked 11th. 8 times more than Italy
7,200 sq km
Ranked 60th.

People > Age structure > 0-14 years 18.1%
Ranked 168th. 31% more than Italy
13.8%
Ranked 218th.

Military > Military service age and obligation 17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in most combat roles, except the Army special forces 18-25 years of age for voluntary military service; women may serve in any military branch; Italian citizenship required; 12-month service obligation
Media > Broadcast media the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) runs multiple national and local radio networks and TV stations, as well as Australia Network, a TV service that broadcasts throughout the Asia-Pacific region and is the main public broadcaster; Special Broadcasting Service (SBS), a second large public broadcaster, operates radio and TV networks broadcasting in multiple languages; several large national commercial TV networks, a large number of local commercial TV stations, and hundreds of commercial radio stations are accessible; cable and satellite systems are available two Italian media giants - the publicly-owned Radiotelevisione Italiana (RAI) with 3 national terrestrial stations and privately-owned Mediaset with 3 national terrestrial stations - dominate; additional broadcasts by a large number of private stations and Sky Italia - a satellite TV network; RAI operates 3 AM/FM nationwide radio stations; some 1,300 commercial radio stations
Environment > Municipal waste generation 690 kgs per person per year
Ranked 2nd. 38% more than Italy
500 kgs per person per year
Ranked 14th.
Transport > Airports 480
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than Italy
129
Ranked 45th.

Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 56th.
2
Ranked 1st.
Geography > Area > Comparative to US places slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states slightly larger than Arizona
Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Language > Major language(s) English Italian
Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 1.13
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Italy
1.05
Ranked 21st.

People > Gender > Male population 20.71 million
Ranked 54th.
27.13 million
Ranked 44th. 31% more than Australia

Energy > Electricity production > KWh 252.26 billion
Ranked 11th.
294.37 billion
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Australia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 14.73 million
Ranked 46th.
21.01 million
Ranked 30th. 43% more than Australia

Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies <p>AAP - Australian Associated Press</p> </p>ABC News - public broadcaster&#039;s news site</p> <p>Ansa</p> </p>AGI</p>
Industry > Gross value added by construction 115.07 billion
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Italy
106.63 billion
Ranked 11th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $6,537.78
Ranked 15th. 3% more than Italy
$6,317.82
Ranked 16th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.91%
Ranked 141st. 4% more than Italy
52.72%
Ranked 181st.

Economy > Fiscal year 1 calendar year
Background > Overview <p>Australia ranks as one of the best places to live in the world by all indices of income, human development, healthcare and civil rights. The sixth-largest country in the world by land mass, its comparatively small population is concentrated in the highly-urbanised east of the Australian continent. </p> <p>The political entity that is modern Australia began to come into being with the arrival of British settlers in 1788. Many of the first settlers were convicts, but freemen started to arrive in increasing numbers after the discovery of gold in the mid-19th century. </p> <p>Aboriginal Australians, who had inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years prior to British colonisation, numbered a few hundred thousand. Two centuries of discrimination and expropriation cut their population drastically, and now they make up less than 3% of Australia&#039;s approximately 23 million people.</p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15674351">Full Article</a> <p>Take the art works of Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Tintoretto and Caravaggio, the operas of Verdi and Puccini, the cinema of Federico Fellini, add the architecture of Venice, Florence and Rome and you have just a fraction of Italy&#039;s treasures from over the centuries.</p> <p>While the country is renowned for these and other delights, it is also notorious for its precarious political life and has had several dozen governments since the end of World War II.</p> <p>The Italian political landscape underwent a seismic shift in the early 1990s when the &quot;mani pulite&quot; (&quot;clean hands&quot;) operation exposed corruption at the highest levels of politics and big business. Several former prime ministers were implicated and thousands of businessmen and politicians were investigated.</p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17433142">Full Article</a>
Crime > Auto theft 436.2
Ranked 2nd.
475
Ranked 4th. 9% more than Australia

Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 5,893.27
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Italy
2,603.76
Ranked 28th.

People > Age structure > 65 years and over 14.7%
Ranked 44th.
20.8%
Ranked 4th. 41% more than Australia

Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 26.6%
Ranked 108th. 11% more than Italy
23.9%
Ranked 128th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 40.21
Ranked 41st. 4% more than Italy
38.69
Ranked 45th.
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 2.65 people/m²
Ranked 199th.
199.27 people/m²
Ranked 45th. 75 times more than Australia

Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek 38 hours
Ranked 178th.
40 hours
Ranked 141st. 5% more than Australia
Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 253.18
Ranked 30th. 14% more than Italy
221.33
Ranked 40th.

Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average $0.97
Ranked 155th.
$1,736.21
Ranked 11th. 1798 times more than Australia

Crime > Murders > WHO 1.3
Ranked 148th. 30% more than Italy
1
Ranked 163th.
Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 425.79 per 1 million people
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Italy
138.32 per 1 million people
Ranked 20th.

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $34.78 billion
Ranked 13th. About the same as Italy
$34.70 billion
Ranked 14th.

People > Nationality > Noun Australian(s) Italian(s)
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 126
Ranked 106th.
132
Ranked 89th. 5% more than Australia
Economy > Inequality > GINI index 35.19
Ranked 15th.
36.03
Ranked 20th. 2% more than Australia
Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares 44.18 million
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Italy
7.17 million
Ranked 32nd.

Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>ABC - public, operates speech-cultural network Radio National, ABC NewsRadio, youth network Triple J, ABC Classic FM and local services</p> </p>Radio Australia - ABC&#039;s external service, targeted at Asia-Pacific</p> </p>SBS Radio - public, multilingual</p> <p>Rai - public, stations include flagship national network Radio 1, entertainment-based Radio 2, cultural station Radio 3 and parliamentary station GR Parlamento</p> </p>Radio 24 - commercial, news and business</p> </p>R101 - commercial, pop music</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17433146">Full Article</a>
Culture > Food and drink > Beer consumption 1.79 billion L
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Italy
1.77 billion L
Ranked 1st.
Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 80.65
Ranked 43th. 2% more than Italy
78.98
Ranked 49th.

Economy > Imports per capita $11,594.28
Ranked 29th. 56% more than Italy
$7,444.44
Ranked 46th.

Transport > Waterways 2,000 km
Ranked 21st.
2,400 km
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Australia

Economy > Gross National Income per capita $19,883.58
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Italy
$19,656.98
Ranked 20th.
Military > Armed forces personnel 51,000
Ranked 67th.
251,000
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than Australia
Education > Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 24th. 1% more than Italy
98.3%
Ranked 33th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry 21.1%
Ranked 11th.
30.7%
Ranked 6th. 45% more than Australia

Labor > Labor force, total 12.01 million
Ranked 43th.
25.66 million
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Australia

Agriculture > Farm workers 443,000
Ranked 98th.
912,000
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than Australia

People > Divorce rate 2.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 9 times more than Italy
0.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd.
Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate 45%
Ranked 13th. 5% more than Italy
43%
Ranked 15th.

Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 4.61 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 185th. 36% more than Italy
3.38 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 207th.

Crime > United States extradition treaties > Entered into force May 8, 1976<br>December 21, 1992 September 24, 1984
Economy > GDP per capita in 1950 $7,218.00
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Italy
$3,425.00
Ranked 19th.
Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $92.10
Ranked 38th.
$117.75
Ranked 12th. 28% more than Australia
People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 54.53%
Ranked 63th.
62.39%
Ranked 20th. 14% more than Australia

Transport > Commute > Distance 4.17 km
Ranked 24th.
5.94 km
Ranked 15th. 42% more than Australia
Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)
Economy > Technology index 4.93
Ranked 16th. 21% more than Italy
4.08
Ranked 49th.
Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 69 Int. $
Ranked 193th.
92 Int. $
Ranked 140th. 33% more than Australia

Health > Life expectancy > Years of potential life lost from premature death > Females 2,289
Ranked 14th. 21% more than Italy
1,887
Ranked 26th.
Transport > Motor vehicles 619 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than Italy
566 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 1st.
Military > Military expenditures 3% of GDP
Ranked 16th. 67% more than Italy
1.8% of GDP
Ranked 17th.
Agriculture > Products wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish
Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 85.15
Ranked 8th. 30% more than Italy
65.65
Ranked 26th.
Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people 82.35
Ranked 24th. 42% more than Italy
58
Ranked 65th.

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $7.60
Ranked 46th.
$9.56
Ranked 26th. 26% more than Australia
Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 23.97
Ranked 55th.
44.09
Ranked 40th. 84% more than Australia
Crime > Assault victims 2.4%
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Italy
0.2%
Ranked 19th.
Economy > Development > Human Development Index 0.938
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than Italy
0.881
Ranked 25th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.32
Ranked 67th. 4 times more than Italy
0.295
Ranked 86th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.97%
Ranked 122nd. 5% more than Italy
4.73%
Ranked 154th.

People > Physicians density 3.85 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 4th. 1% more than Italy
3.8 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 5th.

Crime > Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use 33.5%
Ranked 1st. 14% more than Italy
29.3%
Ranked 6th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $9.93
Ranked 28th.
$10.71
Ranked 22nd. 8% more than Australia
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 2,422.28 hectares
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than Italy
132.13 hectares
Ranked 44th.

Military > Military branches Australian Defense Force (ADF): Australian Army (includes Special Operations Command), Royal Australian Navy (includes Naval Aviation Force), Royal Australian Air Force, Joint Operations Command (JOC) Italian Armed Forces: Army (Esercito Italiano, EI), Navy (Marina Militare Italiana, MMI), Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana, AMI), Carabinieri Corps (Arma dei Carabinieri, CC)
Crime > Total crime victims 30.1%
Ranked 1st. 22% more than Italy
24.6%
Ranked 6th.
People > Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 48,935
Ranked 16th.
54,160
Ranked 16th. 11% more than Australia

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people $1.85
Ranked 81st. 4 times more than Italy
$0.49
Ranked 114th.

Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 2,679.77 kW
Ranked 15th. 33% more than Italy
2,014.04 kW
Ranked 3rd.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 12.43 million
Ranked 40th.
17.96 million
Ranked 26th. 45% more than Australia

Education > College and university > Gender ratio 129.51
Ranked 38th.
140.71
Ranked 27th. 9% more than Australia

Economy > Exports > Commodities coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals, nonferrous metals
Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita 10,563.43 kWh
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Italy
5,305.24 kWh
Ranked 30th.

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $1.39
Ranked 88th.
$2.28
Ranked 6th. 64% more than Australia

Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index 87%
Ranked 171st.
99.2%
Ranked 139th. 14% more than Australia

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 20.49 million
Ranked 56th.
25.73 million
Ranked 46th. 26% more than Australia

Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing 120.72 billion
Ranked 16th.
279.92 billion
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Australia

Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 116 per 100,000 people
Ranked 73th. 16% more than Italy
100 per 100,000 people
Ranked 92nd.
Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence Treason, terrorism, drug trafficking, rape, serious child sex offences Aggravated sexual assault, aggravated robbery, firearm trafficking
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index 105.15
Ranked 11th. 25% more than Italy
84.42
Ranked 30th.
Geography > Total area > Sq. km 7.74 million
Ranked 6th. 26 times more than Italy
301,340
Ranked 69th.

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 3.6%
Ranked 13th.
4.2%
Ranked 35th. 17% more than Australia

Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 51,843
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than Italy
7,092
Ranked 90th.
Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio 7
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Italy
6.5
Ranked 6th.
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $1,589.68
Ranked 11th. 91% more than Italy
$832.89
Ranked 38th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $3.60
Ranked 24th. 46% more than Italy
$2.46
Ranked 70th.
Energy > Electricity > Production 225.5 billion kWh
Ranked 16th.
283.5 billion kWh
Ranked 11th. 26% more than Australia

Government > Country name > Conventional long form Commonwealth of Australia Italian Republic
Crime > Murders 349%
Ranked 8th.
718%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Australia
Media > Personal computers per 1000 681.66
Ranked 8th. 86% more than Italy
366.61
Ranked 9th.

Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita 42.88 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Italy
8.43 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 5.86 million
Ranked 31st.
8.96 million
Ranked 21st. 53% more than Australia

Transport > Vehicles > Per km of road 17
Ranked 37th.
81
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Australia
People > Cities > Urban population 95,896
Ranked 18th. 26% more than Italy
76,101
Ranked 88th.

Geography > Land use > A