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Transport Stats: compare key data on European Union & United States

Definitions

  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Motor vehicle > Production: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches.
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Motor vehicle > Production per 1000: Production of motor vehicles by country. Figures include passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, minibuses, trucks, buses and coaches. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available.
  • Highways > Paved > Per capita: total length of the paved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roadways > Total: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Heliports: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services).
  • Airports per million: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Paved: total length of the paved parts of the highway system
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Highways > Total: total length of the highway system
  • Railways > Total: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Waterways per million: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces)
  • Ports and harbors: The major ports and harbors selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. This is determined by evaluating a number of factors (e.g., dollar value of goods handled, gross tonnage, facilities, and military significance).
  • Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Total per 1000: total length of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Rail > Passenger-km of rail transport per year: Billion passenger-km.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Airports > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste."
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Highways > Unpaved: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system
  • Gas price > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles (per km of road). Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010).
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of diesel fuel. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Highways > Unpaved > Per capita: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita: Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ per capita: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Roadways > Total per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roadways > Unpaved per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Total per million: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Paved per 1000: total length of the paved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Heliports > Per capita: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Container port traffic > TEU > 20 foot equivalent units: Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units."
  • Highways > Unpaved per 1000: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service imports: Travel services (% of commercial service imports). Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service exports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of service exports, BoP: Travel services (% of service exports, BoP). Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports). Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP: Insurance and financial services (% of service exports, BoP). Insurance and financial services cover various types of insurance provided to nonresidents by resident insurance enterprises and vice versa, and financial intermediary and auxiliary services (except those of insurance enterprises and pension funds) exchanged between residents and nonresidents.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$, % of GDP: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports). Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service exports: Transport services (% of commercial service exports). Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services."
  • Travel > % of all service > Exports: Travel (% of service exports, BoP) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Service exports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Roads > Paved > % of total roads: Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length."
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Heliports per million: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide > Per capita: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Maritime > Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • Maritime > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports). Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient: Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient."
  • Transport services > % of all service imports: Transport (% of service imports, BoP) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, the movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services. Services imports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Transport services > % of all service > Exports: Transport (% of service exports, BoP) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services. Service exports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste. Total energy consumption is the total country energy consumption."
  • Travel > % of all service imports: Travel (% of service imports, BoP) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Services imports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Maritime > Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP: Communications, computer, etc. (% of service exports, BoP). Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.
  • Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads: Roads, paved (% of total roads). Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth: Services, etc., value added (annual % growth). Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service imports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i: The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible)."
  • Maritime > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
STAT European Union United States HISTORY
Air transport > Passengers carried 450.83 million
Ranked 2nd.
701.78 million
Ranked 1st. 56% more than European Union

Airports 3,383
Ranked 3rd.
13,513
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than European Union

Airports > Per capita 6.97 per 1 million people
Ranked 133th.
49.63 per 1 million people
Ranked 42nd. 7 times more than European Union

Airports > With paved runways > Total 1,992
Ranked 2nd.
5,054
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than European Union

Highways > Total > Per capita 10.14 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 5th.
22.22 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than European Union

Motor vehicle > Production 15.24 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
5.71 million
Ranked 4th.

Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 551.9
Ranked 22nd.
819.79
Ranked 3rd. 49% more than European Union

Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 486.97
Ranked 14th. 8% more than United States
450.67
Ranked 23th.

Ports and terminals Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Braila (Romania), Bremen (Germany), Burgas (Bulgaria), Constanta (Romania), Copenhagen (Denmark), Galati (Romania), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia), Tulcea (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria) <strong>cargo ports (tonnage): </strong>Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Hampton Roads, Houston, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Plaquemines, Tampa, Texas City<br /><strong>container ports (TEUs):</strong> Los Angeles (7,849,985), Long Beach (6,350,125), New York/New Jersey (5,265,058), Savannah (2,616,126), Oakland (2,236,244), Hampton Roads (2,083,278) (2008)<br /><strong>cruise departure ports (passengers):</strong> Miami (2,032,000), Port Everglades (1,277,000), Port Canaveral (1,189,000), Seattle (430,000), Long Beach (415,000) (2009)<br /><strong>oil terminals:</strong> LOOP terminal, Haymark terminal
Rail lines > Total route-km 211,289
Ranked 2nd.
227,058
Ranked 1st. 7% more than European Union

Railways > Total > Per capita 0.467 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 28th.
0.752 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 61% more than European Union

Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 121.79
Ranked 19th. 79% more than United States
68
Ranked 27th.

Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 473.88
Ranked 21st. 12% more than United States
423
Ranked 30th.

Roadways > Unpaved 803,670 km
Ranked 1st.
2.28 million km
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than European Union

Waterways 52,332 km
Ranked 3rd. 28% more than United States
41,009 km
Ranked 2nd.

Motor vehicle > Production per 1000 30.17
Ranked 11th. 62% more than United States
18.62
Ranked 14th.

Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km 6,343
Ranked 26th.
9,935
Ranked 20th. 57% more than European Union

Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 547.41
Ranked 24th.
797
Ranked 2nd. 46% more than European Union

Highways > Paved > Per capita 9.11 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd.
14.39 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 58% more than European Union

Roadways > Total 5.45 million km
Ranked 2nd.
6.59 million km
Ranked 1st. 21% more than European Union

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 5.03
Ranked 39th.
5.6
Ranked 17th. 11% more than European Union

Heliports 99
Ranked 3rd.
5,287
Ranked 1st. 53 times more than European Union

Airports per million 6.68
Ranked 100th.
48.75
Ranked 27th. 7 times more than European Union

Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita 0.073 per 1,000 people
Ranked 34th.
6.32 per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 87 times more than European Union

Highways > Paved 4.16 million km
Ranked 1st. About the same as United States
4.15 million km
Ranked 1st.

Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.00681
Ranked 152nd.
0.0125
Ranked 150th. 84% more than European Union

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high 3.45
Ranked 29th.
3.96
Ranked 10th. 15% more than European Union

Highways > Total 4.63 million km
Ranked 1st.
6.41 million km
Ranked 1st. 38% more than European Union

Railways > Total 229,450 km
Ranked 1st. 2% more than United States
224,792 km
Ranked 1st.

Waterways per million 104.84 km
Ranked 23th.
134.86 km
Ranked 4th. 29% more than European Union

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km 236,241
Ranked 1st. 3% more than United States
228,513
Ranked 2nd.

Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 5,760
Ranked 31st.
9,518
Ranked 23th. 65% more than European Union

Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million 11.34
Ranked 69th.
30.55
Ranked 63th. 3 times more than European Union

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 1,391
Ranked 4th.
8,459
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than European Union

Ports and harbors Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Bremen (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia) Anchorage, Baltimore, Boston, Charleston, Chicago, Duluth, Hampton Roads, Honolulu, Houston, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, Port Canaveral, Portland (Oregon), Prudhoe Bay, San Francisco, Savannah, Seattle, Tampa, Toledo
Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita 918.15 per 1,000 people
Ranked 21st.
2,309.82 per 1,000 people
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than European Union

Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km 30,846.99
Ranked 2nd.
39,313.6
Ranked 1st. 27% more than European Union

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.00678
Ranked 152nd.
0.0126
Ranked 150th. 86% more than European Union

Highways > Total per 1000 9.32 km
Ranked 2nd.
22.27 km
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than European Union

Rail > Passenger-km of rail transport per year 397.8 billion km
Ranked 2nd. 14 times more than United States
27.6 billion km
Ranked 2nd.
Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $6.42 billion
Ranked 3rd.
$8.76 billion
Ranked 1st. 37% more than European Union

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried 567.72 million
Ranked 2nd.
736.62 million
Ranked 1st. 30% more than European Union

Airports > Per $ GDP 0.283 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 160th.
1.12 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 119th. 4 times more than European Union

Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.62
Ranked 31st.
1.78
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than European Union

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million 465.25
Ranked 30th.
733.38
Ranked 9th. 58% more than European Union

Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km 35,309
Ranked 16th.
1.89 million
Ranked 1st. 54 times more than European Union

Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita 4.06 per 1 million people
Ranked 97th.
17.08 per 1 million people
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than European Union

Highways > Unpaved 473,492 km
Ranked 1st.
2.26 million km
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than European Union

Gas price > US$ per liter $1.40
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
$0.56
Ranked 144th.

Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km 11,138.5
Ranked 28th.
2.79 million
Ranked 1st. 250 times more than European Union

Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000 0.165
Ranked 55th.
22.08
Ranked 1st. 134 times more than European Union

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 1,115.28
Ranked 37th.
2,346.56
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than European Union

Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road 42.99
Ranked 28th. 14% more than United States
37.69
Ranked 29th.

Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high 3.47
Ranked 29th.
3.93
Ranked 9th. 13% more than European Union

Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km 8,707
Ranked 32nd.
2.52 million
Ranked 2nd. 290 times more than European Union

Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter $1.41
Ranked 27th. 81% more than United States
$0.78
Ranked 118th.

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m 568
Ranked 2nd.
903
Ranked 1st. 59% more than European Union

Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container $1,034.64
Ranked 115th.
$1,090.00
Ranked 105th. 5% more than European Union

Highways > Unpaved > Per capita 1.04 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 11th.
7.83 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than European Union

Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita 0.084 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th.
26.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 316 times more than European Union

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ per capita $127.93
Ranked 27th. 28% more than United States
$99.84
Ranked 30th.

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ $64.96 billion
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
$31.11 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km 28,613
Ranked 25th.
2.13 million
Ranked 2nd. 74 times more than European Union

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ $1.81 trillion
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$650.56 billion
Ranked 2nd.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $7.33 trillion
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$2.21 trillion
Ranked 2nd.

Roadways > Total per 1000 10.83 km
Ranked 13th.
21.4 km
Ranked 6th. 98% more than European Union

Roadways > Unpaved per 1000 1.61 km
Ranked 19th.
7.01 km
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than European Union

Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 91.54 million
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
42.9 million
Ranked 3rd.

Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 180.29
Ranked 45th. 31% more than United States
137.69
Ranked 56th.

Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide 5.32 million
Ranked 2nd.
9.05 million
Ranked 1st. 70% more than European Union

Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.2
Ranked 41st.
1.22
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than European Union

Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 83,722
Ranked 23th.
6.83 million
Ranked 1st. 82 times more than European Union

Railways > Total per million 455.62 km
Ranked 28th.
751.67 km
Ranked 1st. 65% more than European Union

Highways > Paved per 1000 8.37 km
Ranked 1st.
14.42 km
Ranked 2nd. 72% more than European Union

Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.00554
Ranked 110th.
0.00637
Ranked 109th. 15% more than European Union

Heliports > Per capita 0.204 per 1 million people
Ranked 52nd.
0.485 per 1 million people
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than European Union

Container port traffic > TEU > 20 foot equivalent units 84.79 million
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
40.35 million
Ranked 3rd.

Highways > Unpaved per 1000 0.953 km
Ranked 6th.
7.85 km
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than European Union

Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service imports 23.93%
Ranked 29th. 6% more than United States
22.58%
Ranked 32nd.

Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports 7.84%
Ranked 11th.
14.53%
Ranked 6th. 85% more than European Union

Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total per 1000 4.27
Ranked 76th.
4.88
Ranked 67th. 14% more than European Union

Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 1.03%
Ranked 97th. 8 times more than United States
0.137%
Ranked 144th.

Maritime > Travel services > % of service exports, BoP 20.86%
Ranked 111th.
24.71%
Ranked 99th. 18% more than European Union

Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km 33,341.91
Ranked 2nd.
39,104.42
Ranked 1st. 17% more than European Union

Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days 1.91
Ranked 100th.
2
Ranked 67th. 5% more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > % of GDP 41.34%
Ranked 89th. 2 times more than United States
16.89%
Ranked 141st.

Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 3.27%
Ranked 50th.
3.68%
Ranked 42nd. 12% more than European Union

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m per million 2.19
Ranked 81st.
25.77
Ranked 16th. 12 times more than European Union

Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000 10.71
Ranked 41st.
31.41
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than European Union

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 25.2%
Ranked 81st.
30.98%
Ranked 56th. 23% more than European Union

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high 3.44
Ranked 26th.
4.14
Ranked 4th. 20% more than European Union

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m 1,112
Ranked 3rd.
6,760
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than European Union

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita 2.8 per 1 million people
Ranked 113th.
32.56 per 1 million people
Ranked 30th. 12 times more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 43%
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than United States
17.49%
Ranked 136th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 35.87%
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than United States
14.25%
Ranked 103th.

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million 1.12
Ranked 38th.
3.15
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than European Union

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million 2.75
Ranked 99th.
31.96
Ranked 24th. 12 times more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 42.1%
Ranked 85th. 2 times more than United States
17.51%
Ranked 135th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 44.09%
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than United States
14.11%
Ranked 129th.

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 10.89%
Ranked 63th. 3 times more than United States
4.15%
Ranked 106th.

Airports > With paved runways > Total per million 3.93
Ranked 77th.
16.79
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than European Union

Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 65.5
Ranked 26th.
124.57
Ranked 15th. 90% more than European Union

Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 25.29%
Ranked 20th. 2% more than United States
24.72%
Ranked 23th.
Maritime > Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports 3.32%
Ranked 57th.
3.79%
Ranked 52nd. 14% more than European Union

Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service exports 21.32%
Ranked 43th.
26.84%
Ranked 34th. 26% more than European Union

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP 43.08%
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than United States
13.52%
Ranked 131st.

Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports 2.97
Ranked 103th. 42% more than United States
2.08
Ranked 119th.

Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 7.66%
Ranked 37th.
12.84%
Ranked 14th. 68% more than European Union

Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 3.82%
Ranked 20th. 69% more than United States
2.27%
Ranked 46th.

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 33.2%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than United States
9.96%
Ranked 119th.

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $10,849.50
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than United States
$4,975.59
Ranked 44th.

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $3,557.11
Ranked 27th. 72% more than United States
$2,072.43
Ranked 50th.

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 1.77
Ranked 32nd.
5.26
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $7.00 trillion
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$2.75 trillion
Ranked 2nd.

Maritime > Time to import > Days 10.71
Ranked 152nd. 2 times more than United States
5
Ranked 183th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 3.51
Ranked 31st.
4.11
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than European Union

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 0.0565
Ranked 56th.
6.93
Ranked 4th. 123 times more than European Union

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.00639
Ranked 152nd.
0.0117
Ranked 149th. 83% more than European Union

Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP 11.73%
Ranked 16th.
14.22%
Ranked 10th. 21% more than European Union

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $5.52 trillion
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
$1.56 trillion
Ranked 3rd.

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$, % of GDP 0.368%
Ranked 70th. 77% more than United States
0.208%
Ranked 94th.

Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service imports 23.75%
Ranked 45th. 8% more than United States
22.08%
Ranked 52nd.

Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 1.46%
Ranked 41st.
2.45%
Ranked 26th. 68% more than European Union

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 3.64%
Ranked 68th.
10.1%
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than European Union

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.96%
Ranked 53th. 60% more than United States
1.23%
Ranked 73th.

Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service exports 21.9%
Ranked 30th. 59% more than United States
13.76%
Ranked 47th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.59%
Ranked 76th. 14% more than United States
1.4%
Ranked 79th.

Transport services > % of commercial service imports 21.61%
Ranked 116th. 7% more than United States
20.21%
Ranked 122nd.

Travel > % of all service > Exports 22.44%
Ranked 103th.
24.33%
Ranked 96th. 8% more than European Union

Roads > Paved > % of total roads 95.13%
Ranked 14th. 46% more than United States
65.34%
Ranked 26th.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $5.47 trillion
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
$2.30 trillion
Ranked 2nd.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth 2.11%
Ranked 62nd.
3.54%
Ranked 41st. 67% more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $7.15 trillion
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$2.74 trillion
Ranked 2nd.

Heliports per million 0.195
Ranked 48th.
0.407
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than European Union

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $10,754.31
Ranked 26th. 47% more than United States
$7,335.49
Ranked 39th.

Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.881%
Ranked 75th.
0.956%
Ranked 66th. 8% more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth -0.375%
Ranked 91st.
2.22%
Ranked 73th.

Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide > Per capita 10.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 24th.
29.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than European Union

Maritime > Food exports > % of merchandise exports 9.01%
Ranked 58th.
10.15%
Ranked 53th. 13% more than European Union

Maritime > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 46.66%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than United States
38.23%
Ranked 35th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $14,406.61
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than United States
$7,048.02
Ranked 48th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 1.98%
Ranked 62nd.
22.8%
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than European Union

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 5.58%
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than United States
1.49%
Ranked 75th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $13,755.57
Ranked 25th. 57% more than United States
$8,751.07
Ranked 42nd.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 32.91%
Ranked 77th. 2 times more than United States
14.68%
Ranked 133th.

Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days 2.82
Ranked 67th. 41% more than United States
2
Ranked 79th.

Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 4.81
Ranked 24th. 5% more than United States
4.58
Ranked 38th.

Transport services > % of all service imports 19.57%
Ranked 120th. 7% more than United States
18.3%
Ranked 124th.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 3.25
Ranked 29th.
3.67
Ranked 13th. 13% more than European Union

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $4.78
Ranked 48th. 16% more than United States
$4.13
Ranked 54th.

Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 35.19%
Ranked 63th. 7% more than United States
32.78%
Ranked 70th.
Transport services > % of all service > Exports 19.07%
Ranked 68th. 54% more than United States
12.42%
Ranked 97th.

Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 5.51%
Ranked 29th.
9.5%
Ranked 19th. 72% more than European Union

Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 83.12%
Ranked 34th. 36% more than United States
60.95%
Ranked 105th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 15.25%
Ranked 85th.
38.91%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than European Union

Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.38
Ranked 23th.
0.42
Ranked 17th. 11% more than European Union

Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption 17.55%
Ranked 55th.
22.99%
Ranked 27th. 31% more than European Union

Travel > % of all service imports 25.28%
Ranked 59th. 18% more than United States
21.46%
Ranked 78th.

Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use 51.35%
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than United States
15.04%
Ranked 27th.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0146%
Ranked 74th. 77% more than United States
0.00827%
Ranked 80th.

Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 5.45 million
Ranked 2nd.
9.86 million
Ranked 1st. 81% more than European Union

Maritime > Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP 47.74%
Ranked 39th.
48.16%
Ranked 38th. 1% more than European Union

Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads 87.1%
Ranked 23th.
100%
Ranked 11th. 15% more than European Union

Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 0.0171
Ranked 74th.
8.1
Ranked 4th. 473 times more than European Union

Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth -1.171%
Ranked 110th.
2.03%
Ranked 104th.

Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container $1,069.89
Ranked 127th.
$1,315.00
Ranked 104th. 23% more than European Union

Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million 0.00835
Ranked 186th.
0.00956
Ranked 185th. 14% more than European Union

Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 5.66%
Ranked 29th.
17.12%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than European Union

Maritime > Documents to export > Number 4.25
Ranked 146th. 42% more than United States
3
Ranked 179th.

Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total 2.17 million
Ranked 3rd. 43% more than United States
1.52 million
Ranked 4th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $5.97 trillion
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
$2.23 trillion
Ranked 2nd.

Maritime > Time to import > Days per million 0.021
Ranked 185th. 32% more than United States
0.0159
Ranked 188th.

Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days per million 0.00375
Ranked 113th.
0.00637
Ranked 112th. 70% more than European Union

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.00656
Ranked 152nd.
0.0113
Ranked 151st. 73% more than European Union

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0069
Ranked 152nd.
0.0131
Ranked 150th. 90% more than European Union

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita $14,050.90
Ranked 19th. 61% more than United States
$8,738.38
Ranked 29th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $11,722.61
Ranked 18th. 65% more than United States
$7,118.08
Ranked 32nd.

Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i 4.97
Ranked 36th.
5.67
Ranked 12th. 14% more than European Union

Maritime > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 17.35%
Ranked 50th.
18.68%
Ranked 42nd. 8% more than European Union

Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports per million 0.00583
Ranked 143th.
0.00664
Ranked 142nd. 14% more than European Union

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $12.61
Ranked 16th.
$27.91
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than European Union

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0386%
Ranked 11th.
0.0559%
Ranked 6th. 45% more than European Union

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons 897.33
Ranked 2nd.
1,638.11
Ranked 1st. 83% more than European Union

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high 3.34
Ranked 31st.
3.56
Ranked 16th. 7% more than European Union

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ $2.43 billion
Ranked 2nd. 88% more than United States
$1.30 billion
Ranked 4th.

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organisation, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data files.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.; OICA correspondents survey: World Motor Vehicle Production by Country 1999-2000. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Information and Communications Technologies Department, Transport Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Rail usage statistics by country (Passenger-km of rail transport per year) (UIC Synopsis 2011 UIC database); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted, and International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ).; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank staff estimates; World Bank national accounts data; International Energy Agency; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's UNCTADstat database at http://unctadstat.unctad.org/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report and data files.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; x; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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