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Economy > Innovation Stats: compare key data on Iran & Turkey

Definitions

  • Nobel laureates: Nobel laureates.
  • Patent applications, nonresidents: Patent applications, nonresidents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
  • Patent applications, nonresidents per million: Patent applications, nonresidents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Patent applications, residents: Patent applications, residents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
  • Patent applications, residents per million: Patent applications, residents. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector: Total number of researchers employed by private for-profit enterprises.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) per thousand people: Number of full-time employed researchers in private for-profit enterprises. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector per thousand people: Total number of researchers employed by private for-profit enterprises. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector (full time employment): Number of full-time employed researchers in the government sector.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector (full time employment) per million people: Number of full-time employed researchers in the government sector. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector per million people: Total number of researchers employed in the government sector. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (full time employment) per million people: Number of full-time employed researchers hired by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector per thousand people: Total number of researchers employed by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles. Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles. Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (Headcounts) per thousand people: Total number of researchers employed by private for-profit enterprises. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (Headcounts) per thousand people: Total number of researchers hired by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU per capita: Military expenditure (current LCU). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditure (current LCU). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditure (% of GDP). Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Research and development personnel > Technicians per million people: Number of technicians in HC. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Research and development personnel > Technicians: Total number of male and female technicians, defined as people who possess technical knowledge and are experienced in their fields of work. Technicians are below researchers, and often work under their supervision.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector: Total number of researchers employed by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment): Number of full-time employed researchers in private for-profit enterprises.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (Headcounts): Total number of researchers employed by private for-profit enterprises.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (Headcounts): Total number of researchers hired by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector: Total number of researchers employed in the government sector.
  • Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (full time employment): Number of full-time employed researchers hired by post-secondary institutions such as universities and colleges.
STAT Iran Turkey HISTORY
Nobel laureates 2
Ranked 40th. Twice as much as Turkey
1
Ranked 46th.
Patent applications, nonresidents 557
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Turkey
228
Ranked 51st.

Patent applications, nonresidents per million 7.85
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Turkey
3.12
Ranked 78th.

Patent applications, residents 5,970
Ranked 11th. 54% more than Turkey
3,885
Ranked 13th.

Patent applications, residents per million 84.11
Ranked 29th. 58% more than Turkey
53.18
Ranked 39th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector 9,669
Ranked 21st.
29,800
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) per thousand people 0.112
Ranked 41st.
0.351
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector per thousand people 0.133
Ranked 37th.
0.413
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector (full time employment) 18,217
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Turkey
6,086.64
Ranked 17th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector (full time employment) per million people 250.71
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Turkey
84.38
Ranked 39th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector per million people 317.76
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Turkey
98.41
Ranked 41st.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (full time employment) per million people 384.39
Ranked 43th.
456.25
Ranked 41st. 19% more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector per thousand people 1.03
Ranked 31st.
1.22
Ranked 30th. 18% more than Iran

Scientific and technical journal articles 6,313.3
Ranked 22nd.
8,300.9
Ranked 19th. 31% more than Iran

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 85.85
Ranked 47th.
116.52
Ranked 39th. 36% more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (Headcounts) per thousand people 0.133 Number
Ranked 37th.
0.413 Number
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (Headcounts) per thousand people 1.03 Number
Ranked 31st.
1.22 Number
Ranked 30th. 18% more than Iran

Military expenditure > Current LCU per capita 1.07 million
Ranked 1st. 2415 times more than Turkey
441.35
Ranked 94th.

Military expenditure > Current LCU 78.38 trillion
Ranked 1st. 2400 times more than Turkey
32.66 billion
Ranked 61st.

Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.19%
Ranked 48th.
2.31%
Ranked 35th. 5% more than Iran

Research and development personnel > Technicians per million people 251.77
Ranked 33th. 36% more than Turkey
184.67
Ranked 40th.

Research and development personnel > Technicians 18,294
Ranked 12th. 37% more than Turkey
13,322
Ranked 15th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector 75,052
Ranked 8th.
87,897
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (full time employment) 8,121
Ranked 26th.
25,341.72
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Business enterprise sector (Headcounts) 9,669 Number
Ranked 21st.
29,800 Number
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (Headcounts) 75,052 Number
Ranked 8th.
87,897 Number
Ranked 9th. 17% more than Iran

Research and development personnel > By sector > Government sector 23,089
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Turkey
7,099
Ranked 15th.

Research and development personnel > By sector > Higher education sector (full time employment) 27,930
Ranked 15th.
32,912.6
Ranked 15th. 18% more than Iran

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by Nobel laureates per capita (All prizes) ("Which country has the best brains?" . BBC News . 2010-10-10 . Retrieved 2010-10-10 .); World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Intellectual Property Indicators and www.wipo.int/econ_stat. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.; World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Intellectual Property Indicators and www.wipo.int/econ_stat. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators.; National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics Original html. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics Original html; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables

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