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Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Economy > Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Crime > Age of criminal responsibility: The age at which a person is no longer excluded from criminal liability.  The lowest age is indicated for countries where there isn’t a single age limit, for example where different states have different regulations (such as the USA) or there is different limits for boy and girls (such as in Iran). The spectrum is specifically wide for the USA and Mexico (both 6-12 years). Several US states do not stipulate any minimal age for criminal responsibility at all. For further qualifications, exceptions and other notes, please refer to notes.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Military > Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Health > Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Crime > Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Energy > Commercial energy use: Commercial energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Commercial energy use refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Health > Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Military > Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • People > Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Education > Adult literacy rate > Total: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Military > War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Military > Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Military > Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Health > Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts: Same-sex sexual activity.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded: Temperature.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies: List of news agencies.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Crime > Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality."
  • Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares: Cultivable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Gross National Income per capita: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Agriculture > Farm workers: Agricultural employment shows the number of agricultural workers in the agricultural sector.
  • Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate: Highest marginal tax rate (individual rate) is the highest rate shown on the schedule of tax rates applied to the taxable income of individuals.
  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Economy > Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users (per 100 people). Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Crime > Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use: Adult lifetime cannabis use.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Education > College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Geography > Total area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways."
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Media > Personal computers per 1000: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Culture > World Heritage Sites: Cultural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Industry > Growth: Annual growth rate for industrial value added based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3."
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Crime > Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations: Total Congregations.
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Media > Daily newspapers > Per 1,000 people: Daily newspapers refer to those published at least four times a week and calculated as average circulation (or copies printed) per 1,000 people."
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • Economy > Tourist arrivals: International inbound tourists (overnight visitors) are the number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months and whose main purpose in visiting is other than an activity remunerated from within the country visited. When data on number of tourists are not available, the number of visitors, which includes tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members, is shown instead. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. The data on inbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival."
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$: Industry, value added (current US$). Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Economy > Inbound tourism income > Current US$: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Government > National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Geography > Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Labor > GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economy > GDP per person: GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Education > Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year: This list compares the average annual consumption of cigarettes per adult in countries around the world. Ten european countries top the list, all located at the East of the continent, with the exception of Greece. Developed asian countries like China, South Korea and Japan also register high cigarette consumption, while Africa hosts the countries with less consumption.
  • Environment > Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000: Telephone lines. Telephone lines are fixed telephone lines that connect a subscriber's terminal equipment to the public switched telephone network and that have a port on a telephone exchange. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Economy > Exports > Main exports: Country main exports.
  • Labor > Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are expressed constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Religion > Christian > Protestant > Protestant percent: Protestant.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Televisions: The total number of televisions
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita: The total number of main telephone lines in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Language > Linguistic diversity index: LDI.
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Media > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Geography > Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Nigeria South Africa HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $731.68
Ranked 72nd.
$1,400.01
Ranked 48th. 91% more than Nigeria
Crime > Crime levels 82.35
Ranked 7th.
86.27
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Nigeria
Crime > Murder rate 1.3 34
Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 18,422
Ranked 5th. 16% more than South Africa
15,940
Ranked 3rd.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 121.83
Ranked 54th.
318.86
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Economy > GDP $262.61 billion
Ranked 37th.
$384.31 billion
Ranked 28th. 46% more than Nigeria

Economy > GDP per capita $1,555.41
Ranked 133th.
$7,507.67
Ranked 68th. 5 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Gross National Income $37.13 billion
Ranked 48th.
$122.00 billion
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Nigeria
Economy > Population below poverty line 70%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than South Africa
31.3%
Ranked 14th.

Geography > Land area > Square miles 356,669 square miles
Ranked 22nd.
470,693 square miles
Ranked 15th. 32% more than Nigeria
Government > Government type federal republic republic
Government > Legal system Sharia in the northern states, common law in the south and at the federal level. mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and customary law
Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.28 per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th.
0.77 per 1,000 people
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 33
Ranked 43th.
43
Ranked 39th. 30% more than Nigeria
People > Population 174.51 million
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than South Africa
48.6 million
Ranked 26th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 23.3%
Ranked 5th. 39% more than South Africa
16.73%
Ranked 60th.

Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 2.18%
Ranked 7th. 19% more than South Africa
1.83%
Ranked 141st.

Geography > Area > Comparative slightly more than twice the size of California slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 1.5
Ranked 127th.
12.7
Ranked 48th. 8 times more than Nigeria
Crime > Age of criminal responsibility 7
Ranked 56th.
10
Ranked 41st. 43% more than Nigeria
Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -2.1% of GDP
Ranked 72nd.
-4.8% of GDP
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Geography > Climate varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Geography > Area > Land 910,768 sq km
Ranked 31st.
1.22 million sq km
Ranked 25th. 34% more than Nigeria

Government > Legislative branch bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Council of Provinces
Geography > Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 8 00 E 29 00 S, 24 00 E
Religion > Religions Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1%
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 34.07
Ranked 85th.
94.3
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Nigeria
People > Population > Population growth, past and future 0.868
Ranked 8th.
-0.2
Ranked 128th.

Military > Army > Main battle tanks 938
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than South Africa
168
Ranked 35th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $1.50
Ranked 134th.
$2.96
Ranked 75th. 97% more than Nigeria
Environment > Marine fish catch 280,941 tons
Ranked 36th.
576,551 tons
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Nigeria
Economy > Unemployment rate 4.9%
Ranked 90th.
25.1%
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Nigeria

Health > Human height > Average female height 1.578 m (5 ft 2 in) 1.590 m (5 ft 2 ⁄ 2 in)
People > Ethnic groups Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5% black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5%
Government > Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
Geography > Area > Total 923,768 sq km
Ranked 33th.
1.22 million sq km
Ranked 26th. 32% more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 15.37%
Ranked 5th. 31% more than South Africa
11.71%
Ranked 62nd.

Government > Constitution adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999 several previous; latest drafted 8 May 1996, approved 4 December 1997, effective 4 February 1997; amended many times, last in 2013
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 30.5 million hectares
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than South Africa
14.75 million hectares
Ranked 19th.

Crime > Drugs > Annual cannabis use 14.3%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than South Africa
4.3%
Ranked 13th.
Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 18,000 naira per month ($115). None; for farm workers the minimum wage is approximately R 7.71 ($0.85) per hour; for domestic workers employed more than 27 hours per week it ranges from 4.85 rand ($0.53) to 7.06 rand ($0.78) per hour.
Government > Judicial branch Supreme Court (judges recommended by the National Judicial Council and appointed by the president); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government from a pool of judges recommended by the National Judicial Council) Constitutional Court; Supreme Court of Appeals; High Courts; Magistrate Courts
Education > Children out of school, primary 11.13 million
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than South Africa
656,487
Ranked 6th.

Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 31
Ranked 141st.
165
Ranked 83th. 5 times more than Nigeria
Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $2,315.48
Ranked 138th.
$10,551.84
Ranked 78th. 5 times more than Nigeria

Geography > Land area > Sq. km 910,770 sq km
Ranked 29th.
1.21 million sq km
Ranked 24th. 33% more than Nigeria

People > Birth rate 38.78 births/1,000 population
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than South Africa
19.14 births/1,000 population
Ranked 94th.

Crime > Drugs > Opiates use 0.7%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than South Africa
0.3%
Ranked 9th.
People > Population growth 0.868%
Ranked 8th.
-0.2%
Ranked 128th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 36.03
Ranked 29th. 22% more than South Africa
29.5
Ranked 31st.

Economy > Budget > Revenues $22.35 billion
Ranked 67th.
$99.56 billion
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Median age 32.63 years
Ranked 192nd.
42.4 years
Ranked 141st. 30% more than Nigeria

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $2,700.00
Ranked 141st.
$11,300.00
Ranked 82nd. 4 times more than Nigeria

Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 2,013
Ranked 5th. 1% more than South Africa
1,989
Ranked 28th.

Government > Political parties and leaders Accord Party or ACC [Mohammad Lawal MALADO]<br />Action Congress of Nigeria or ACN [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE]<br />All Nigeria Peoples Party or ANPP [Ogbonnaya C. ONU]<br />All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]<br />Congress for Progressive Change or CPC [Tony MOMOH]<br />Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Jeremiah USENI]<br />Labor Party [Umar MUSTAPHA]<br />Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Bamanga TUKUR] African Christian Democratic Party or ACDP [Kenneth MESHOE]<br />African National Congress or ANC [Jacob ZUMA]<br />Congress of the People or COPE [Mosiuoa LEKOTA]<br />Democratic Alliance or DA [Helen ZILLE]<br />Freedom Front Plus or FF+ [Pieter MULDER]<br />Inkatha Freedom Party or IFP [Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI]<br />Pan-Africanist Congress or PAC [Motsoko PHEKO]<br />United Christian Democratic Party or UCDP [Lucas MANGOPE]<br />United Democratic Movement or UDM [Bantu HOLOMISA]
Energy > Commercial energy use 710.49
Ranked 77th.
2,513.85
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Nigeria
Health > Human height > Average male height 1.638 m (5 ft 4 &#8260; 2 in) 1.690 m (5 ft 6 &#8260; 2 in)
Economy > Economy > Overview Oil-rich Nigeria has been hobbled by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and poor macroeconomic management, but in 2008 began pursuing economic reforms. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from its overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings and about 80% of budgetary revenues. Following the signing of an IMF stand-by agreement in August 2000, Nigeria received a debt-restructuring deal from the Paris Club and a $1 billion credit from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms. Nigeria pulled out of its IMF program in April 2002, after failing to meet spending and exchange rate targets, making it ineligible for additional debt forgiveness from the Paris Club. In November 2005, Abuja won Paris Club approval for a debt-relief deal that eliminated $18 billion of debt in exchange for $12 billion in payments - a total package worth $30 billion of Nigeria's total $37 billion external debt. Since 2008 the government has begun to show the political will to implement the market-oriented reforms urged by the IMF, such as modernizing the banking system, removing subsidies, and resolving regional disputes over the distribution of earnings from the oil industry. GDP rose strongly in 2007-12 because of growth in non-oil sectors and robust global crude oil prices. President JONATHAN has established an economic team that includes experienced and reputable members and has announced plans to increase transparency, diversify economic growth, and improve fiscal management. Lack of infrastructure and slow implementation of reforms are key impediments to growth. The government is working toward developing stronger public-private partnerships for roads, agriculture, and power. Nigeria's financial sector was hurt by the global financial and economic crises, but the Central Bank governor has taken measures to restructure and strengthen the sector to include imposing mandatory higher minimum capital requirements. South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors and a stock exchange that is the 15th largest in the world. Even though the country possesses modern infrastructure that support a relatively efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region, some components retard growth. The economy began to slow in the second half of 2007 due to an electricity crisis. State power supplier Eskom encountered problems with aging plants and meeting electricity demand necessitating "load-shedding" cuts in 2007 and 2008 to residents and businesses in the major cities. Subsequently, the global financial crisis reduced commodity prices and world demand. GDP fell nearly 2% in 2009 but has recovered since then. Unemployment, poverty, and inequality remain a challenge, with official unemployment at nearly 25% of the work force. Eskom has built two new power stations and installed new power demand management programs to improve power grid reliability. South Africa's economic policy has focused on controlling inflation, however, the country has had significant budget deficits that restrict its ability to deal with pressing economic problems. The current government faces growing pressure from special interest groups to use state-owned enterprises to deliver basic services to low-income areas and to increase job growth.
Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 121.83
Ranked 54th.
318.86
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Exports $95.68 billion
Ranked 38th. 2% more than South Africa
$93.48 billion
Ranked 40th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murders 18,422
Ranked 5th. 16% more than South Africa
15,940
Ranked 3rd.

Government > Executive branch > Cabinet Federal Executive Council Cabinet appointed by the president
Education > Compulsary education duration 9
Ranked 121st. The same as South Africa
9
Ranked 56th.

People > Gender > Female population 451.58 million
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than South Africa
32.74 million
Ranked 35th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 212.88 million
Ranked 2nd. 20 times more than South Africa
10.73 million
Ranked 40th.

Military > Budget 0.73 US$ BN
Ranked 36th.
3.9 US$ BN
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Nigeria
Economy > GDP > Per capita $2,334.26 per capita
Ranked 82nd.
$10,551.84 per capita
Ranked 38th. 5 times more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Rural population 36,442
Ranked 86th. 38% more than South Africa
26,458
Ranked 123th.

People > Mother's mean age at first birth 20.9
Ranked 9th.
22.5
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than Nigeria
Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 142.26 kWh per capita
Ranked 120th.
5,486.63 kWh per capita
Ranked 31st. 39 times more than Nigeria

People > Death rate 13.2 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 18th.
17.36 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $0.83
Ranked 86th.
$1.10
Ranked 59th. 33% more than Nigeria
Environment > Ecological footprint 1.31
Ranked 93th.
4.04
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Nigeria
Geography > Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 1,150
Ranked 77th. 2 times more than South Africa
495
Ranked 134th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $1.43
Ranked 56th. 61% more than South Africa
$0.89
Ranked 97th.
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU<br />Campaign for Democracy or CD<br />Civil Liberties Organization or CLO<br />Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR<br />Constitutional Right Project or CRP<br />Human Right Africa<br />National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL<br />National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS<br />Nigerian Bar Association or NBA<br />Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC<br />Nigerian Medical Association or NMA<br />the press<br />Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD Congress of South African Trade Unions or COSATU [Zwelinzima VAVI, general secretary]<br />South African Communist Party or SACP [Blade NZIMANDE, general secretary]<br />South African National Civics Organization or SANCO [Mlungisi HLONGWANE, national president]<br />
Geography > Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $28.76
Ranked 96th.
$835.40
Ranked 30th. 29 times more than Nigeria

Energy > Electricity > Consumption 20.38 billion kWh
Ranked 45th.
234.2 billion kWh
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 51.81%
Ranked 185th.
62.17%
Ranked 140th. 20% more than Nigeria

Education > Adult literacy rate > Total 60.1
Ranked 93th.
89
Ranked 58th. 48% more than Nigeria

Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 923,770 km²
Ranked 31st.
1.22 million km²
Ranked 24th. 32% more than Nigeria

People > Population growth rate 2.54%
Ranked 29th.
-0.45%
Ranked 220th.

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 6.23 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 155th.
25.01 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 299.15 per 1,000 people
Ranked 120th.
961.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 762,000 sq. km
Ranked 15th.
963,740 sq. km
Ranked 14th. 26% more than Nigeria

Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000 69.68
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than South Africa
12.82
Ranked 23th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 51.71
Ranked 186th.
55.3
Ranked 177th. 7% more than Nigeria

Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 320.5
Ranked 124th.
411.77
Ranked 103th. 28% more than Nigeria
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 148.93
Ranked 127th.
4,694.23
Ranked 45th. 32 times more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $86.51
Ranked 87th.
$92.32
Ranked 82nd. 7% more than Nigeria
Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 72.22
Ranked 27th.
78.12
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Nigeria
Military > Personnel > Per capita 1.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 143th.
1.19 per 1,000 people
Ranked 141st. 5% more than Nigeria

Military > War deaths 0.0
Ranked 154th.
0.0
Ranked 67th.

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.219
Ranked 68th.
0.238
Ranked 59th. 8% more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Agricultural growth 119
Ranked 62nd. 11% more than South Africa
107
Ranked 104th.

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 44.12
Ranked 12th.
66.85
Ranked 5th. 52% more than Nigeria
Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 18.8 CIA
Ranked 129th.
43.3 CIA
Ranked 82nd. 2 times more than Nigeria
Media > Internet users 43.99 million
Ranked 9th. 10 times more than South Africa
4.42 million
Ranked 54th.
Economy > Public debt 17.9% of GDP
Ranked 130th.
42.3% of GDP
Ranked 78th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 12.2%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than South Africa
5.7%
Ranked 65th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 33.08
Ranked 7th. 32% more than South Africa
25.05
Ranked 18th.

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 29.17
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than South Africa
10.71
Ranked 87th.
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $4.86 billion
Ranked 39th.
$42.76 billion
Ranked 16th. 9 times more than Nigeria

Language > Languages English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2%
Transport > Road network length > Km
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 26%
Ranked 185th.
69%
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Nigeria
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 140.44 million
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than South Africa
7.51 million
Ranked 40th.

Economy > Exports per capita $566.71
Ranked 124th.
$1,826.16
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Media > Personal computers > Per capita 6.28 per 1,000 people
Ranked 135th.
84.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th. 13 times more than Nigeria

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 1,150
Ranked 80th. 2 times more than South Africa
495
Ranked 141st.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $2.55
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than South Africa
$0.95
Ranked 120th.
Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $9.45
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than South Africa
$4.63
Ranked 108th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 15.48%
Ranked 192nd.
27.74%
Ranked 139th. 79% more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $77.88
Ranked 113th. 8% more than South Africa
$71.95
Ranked 122nd.
Government > Administrative divisions 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara 9 provinces; Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North-West, Western Cape
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 22.1
Ranked 63th. 22% more than South Africa
18.15
Ranked 82nd.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 601.95 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than South Africa
39.55 million
Ranked 36th.

Education > Literacy > Total population 68%
Ranked 126th.
86.4%
Ranked 92nd. 27% more than Nigeria
Health > Quality of health care system > Health care system index 50.42
Ranked 18th.
60.81
Ranked 31st. 21% more than Nigeria
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 70.83 million
Ranked 2nd. 20 times more than South Africa
3.51 million
Ranked 40th.

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 6.5%
Ranked 144th.
31.3%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Nigeria
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $2.58
Ranked 50th. 48% more than South Africa
$1.74
Ranked 116th.
Education > College and university > Gender parity index 0.712
Ranked 97th.
0.913
Ranked 48th. 28% more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $1,461.31
Ranked 47th. 74% more than South Africa
$842.16
Ranked 88th.
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 43.7
Ranked 6th.
65
Ranked 1st. 49% more than Nigeria

Religion > Religions > All Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, other Christian 36%, Islam 1.5%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $18,015.53
Ranked 115th. About the same as South Africa
$17,965.10
Ranked 120th.
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 116th.
7
Ranked 11th. 17% more than Nigeria

Military > Global Peace Index 2.69
Ranked 15th. 17% more than South Africa
2.29
Ranked 42nd.

Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 146th. 20% more than South Africa
5
Ranked 175th.

Military > Navy > Corvette warships 2
Ranked 24th.
0.0
Ranked 42nd.
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 24.45 billion
Ranked 67th.
237.47 billion
Ranked 17th. 10 times more than Nigeria

Media > Televisions per 1000 52.06
Ranked 134th.
130.11
Ranked 100th. 2 times more than Nigeria
Health > Births and maternity > Future births 14,290.93
Ranked 2nd. 20 times more than South Africa
708.87
Ranked 40th.

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 2.15 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 131st.
10.65 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 82nd. 5 times more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 61.22%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than South Africa
55.53%
Ranked 57th.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female 5.75 million
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than South Africa
320,723
Ranked 9th.

Agriculture > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 1,598.4
Ranked 117th.
3,807.4
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Nigeria

People > Population in 2015 160,931 thousand
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than South Africa
47,902 thousand
Ranked 27th.
Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 29.8
Ranked 6th. 4% more than South Africa
28.7
Ranked 14th.

Geography > Terrain southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 47.56 years
Ranked 214th.
49.33 years
Ranked 210th. 4% more than Nigeria

Crime > Murders > Per 100,000 people 17.7
Ranked 31st.
69
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Nigeria
Military > Paramilitary personnel 82,000
Ranked 16th. 7 times more than South Africa
12,382
Ranked 48th.
Military > Service age and obligation 18 years of age for voluntary military service 18 years of age for voluntary military service
Geography > Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
Health > Quality of health care system > Cost 50
Ranked 17th. 11% more than South Africa
45
Ranked 42nd.
People > Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 23.4 million
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than South Africa
9.47 million
Ranked 2nd.
Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 3.06%
Ranked 38th.
5.96%
Ranked 28th. 95% more than Nigeria

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 70%, industry 10%, services 20% agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45%
Economy > Human Development Index 0.453
Ranked 158th.
0.658
Ranked 120th. 45% more than Nigeria
Labor > Unemployment rate 4.9%
Ranked 62nd.
23.3%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Nigeria

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 3.59
Ranked 98th.
4.64
Ranked 34th. 29% more than Nigeria

People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 13.76
Ranked 18th. 2% more than South Africa
13.55
Ranked 20th.

Economy > Tourist arrivals > Per capita 7.67 per 1,000 people
Ranked 167th.
196.63 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th. 26 times more than Nigeria

Media > Households with television 25.6%
Ranked 107th.
59.2%
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 40.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 20th. 72% more than South Africa
23.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 7.24
Ranked 7th. 134 times more than South Africa
0.054
Ranked 110th.
Culture > Happy Planet Index 30.3
Ranked 115th. 2% more than South Africa
29.7
Ranked 118th.

Government > Executive branch > Head of government President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010) President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009)
Geography > Coastline 853 km
Ranked 91st.
2,798 km
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Labor > Labor force 48.33 million
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than South Africa
17.32 million
Ranked 31st.

Environment > Current issues soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures; growth in water usage outpacing supply; pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge; air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion; desertification
Energy > Oil > Consumption 280,000 bbl/day
Ranked 40th.
579,000 bbl/day
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 52.02
Ranked 187th.
57.2
Ranked 173th. 10% more than Nigeria

Health > Life expectancy > Men 52 years
Ranked 74th.
53 years
Ranked 72nd. 2% more than Nigeria
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) - state-run, operates scores of national and regional stations; national services broadcast in English</p> </p>AIT - private, owned by DAAR Communications, broadcasting in Lagos, Abuja and internationally via satellite</p> </p>Minaj TV - private, eastern Nigeria and via cable/satellite</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13949549">Full Article</a> <p>SABC - state broadcaster, operates three national TV networks, two pay-TV channels</p> </p>e.tv - free-to-air, commercial; also operates news network eNCA</p> </p>M-Net - pay-TV, pan-African audience</p>
Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 17.42 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than South Africa
4.53 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 57th.

People > Total fertility rate 5.31 children born/woman
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than South Africa
2.25 children born/woman
Ranked 97th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 51.42
Ranked 184th.
53.48
Ranked 179th. 4% more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 10.83%
Ranked 192nd.
21.61%
Ranked 139th. Twice as much as Nigeria

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $2.55
Ranked 24th. 86% more than South Africa
$1.37
Ranked 95th.
Media > Television receivers > Per capita 59.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 117th.
127.06 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st. 2 times more than Nigeria

Government > Executive branch > Chief of state President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010) President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009)
Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja P. O. Box 9536, Pretoria 0001
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 67.68
Ranked 153th.
134.8
Ranked 41st. Twice as much as Nigeria

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $444.30 billion
Ranked 30th.
$576.10 billion
Ranked 25th. 30% more than Nigeria

Government > Capital city > Name Abuja Pretoria (administrative capital)
Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 9 05 N, 7 32 E 25 42 S, 28 13 E
Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts Illegal (Penalty: Prison time, fines, corporal punishment, to death penalty) Male legal since 1998 (retroactive to 1994) Female always legal UN decl. sign.
Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 18.11
Ranked 61st.
229.05
Ranked 11th. 13 times more than Nigeria

Government > International organization participation ACP, AfDB, AU, C, CD, D-8, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ACP, AfDB, AU, BIS, BRICS, C, CD, FAO, FATF, G-20, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, NSG, OECD (Enhanced Engagement, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.9
Ranked 18th. 55% more than South Africa
0.58
Ranked 85th.

Crime > Prisoners 40,447 prisoners
Ranked 36th.
181,944 prisoners
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Nigeria
Weather > Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded 46.4 \u00b0C (115.5 \u00b0F) 50.0 \u00b0C (122 \u00b0F)
Media > Internet > Users per 1000 67.94
Ranked 113th.
108.05
Ranked 81st. 59% more than Nigeria

Religion > Major religion(s) Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 42.1%
Ranked 126th. 5% more than South Africa
40.2%
Ranked 131st.
Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $81.14
Ranked 15th. 37% more than South Africa
$59.12
Ranked 34th.
Geography > Area > Water 13,000 sq km
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than South Africa
4,620 sq km
Ranked 69th.

People > Age structure > 0-14 years 43.8%
Ranked 17th. 55% more than South Africa
28.3%
Ranked 92nd.

Military > Military service age and obligation 18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription 18 years of age for voluntary military service; women are eligible to serve in noncombat roles; 2-year service obligation
Media > Broadcast media nearly 70 federal-government-controlled national and regional TV stations; all 36 states operate TV stations; several private TV stations operational; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; network of federal-government-controlled national, regional, and state radio stations; roughly 40 state-government-owned radio stations typically carry their own programs except for news broadcasts; about 20 private radio stations also operate; transmissions of international broadcasters are available the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) operates 4 TV stations, 3 are free-to-air and 1 is pay TV; e.tv, a private station, is accessible to more than half the population; multiple subscription TV services provide a mix of local and international channels; well developed mix of public and private radio stations at the national, regional, and local levels; the SABC radio network, state-owned and controlled but nominally independent, operates 18 stations, one for each of the 11 official languages, 4 community stations, and 3 commercial stations; more than 100 community-based stations extend coverage to rural areas
Transport > Airports 54
Ranked 88th.
566
Ranked 11th. 10 times more than Nigeria

Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 58th.
0.0
Ranked 47th.
Geography > Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than twice the size of California slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Language > Major language(s) English (official), Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu
Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.67
Ranked 43th. 46% more than South Africa
0.46
Ranked 75th.

People > Gender > Male population 462.25 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than South Africa
31.4 million
Ranked 35th.

Energy > Electricity production > KWh 27.03 billion
Ranked 68th.
259.58 billion
Ranked 16th. 10 times more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 141.5 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than South Africa
17.79 million
Ranked 34th.

Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies <p>News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) - government-owned</p> <p>South African Press Association (SAPA)</p>
Industry > Gross value added by construction 3.44 billion
Ranked 70th.
13.72 billion
Ranked 36th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $3,000.00
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than South Africa
$1,051.81
Ranked 109th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 65.87%
Ranked 12th. 7% more than South Africa
61.66%
Ranked 57th.

Economy > Fiscal year calendar year 1
Background > Overview <p>After lurching from one military coup to another, Nigeria now has an elected leadership. But the government faces the growing challenge of preventing Africa&#039;s most populous country from breaking apart along ethnic and religious lines. </p> <p>Political liberalisation ushered in by the return to civilian rule in 1999 has allowed militants from religious and ethnic groups to pursue their demands through violence. </p> <p>Thousands of people have died over the past few years in communal attacks led by the al-Qaeda ally Boko Haram. Separatist aspirations have also been growing, prompting reminders of the bitter civil war over the breakaway Biafran republic in the late 1960s. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13949550">Full Article</a> <p>Diversity is a key feature of South Africa, where 11 languages are recognised as official, where community leaders include rabbis and chieftains, rugby players and returned exiles, where traditional healers ply their trade around the corner from stockbrokers and where housing ranges from mud huts to palatial homes with swimming pools. </p> <p>The diverse communities, however, have not had much representation for long. </p> <p>Until 1994 South Africa was ruled by a white minority government which was so determined to hang onto power that it took activists most of the last century before they succeeded in their fight to get rid of apartheid and extend democracy to the rest of the population. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14094760">Full Article</a>
Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 720.64
Ranked 98th.
2,794.64
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Nigeria

People > Age structure > 65 years and over 3%
Ranked 200th.
6.1%
Ranked 122nd. 2 times more than Nigeria

Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 43%
Ranked 24th. 34% more than South Africa
32.1%
Ranked 66th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 81.58
Ranked 7th.
86.94
Ranked 5th. 7% more than Nigeria
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 144.42 people/m²
Ranked 59th. 4 times more than South Africa
38.61 people/m²
Ranked 141st.

Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 149th.
45 hours
Ranked 55th. 13% more than Nigeria
Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 0.0846
Ranked 176th.
21.63
Ranked 116th. 256 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average $156.81
Ranked 45th. 19 times more than South Africa
$8.21
Ranked 89th.

Crime > Murders > WHO 1.8
Ranked 135th.
39.5
Ranked 5th. 22 times more than Nigeria
Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 0.127 per 1 million people
Ranked 65th.
141.85 per 1 million people
Ranked 18th. 1117 times more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $85.54 billion
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than South Africa
$8.86 billion
Ranked 33th.

People > Nationality > Noun Nigerian(s) South African(s)
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 158
Ranked 32nd. 5% more than South Africa
151
Ranked 44th.
Economy > Inequality > GINI index 42.93
Ranked 9th.
57.77
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Cultivable land > Hectares 36.5 million
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than South Africa
14.5 million
Ranked 20th.

Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) - state-run, operates 37 stations broadcasting in 15 languages</p> </p>Voice of Nigeria - FRCN&#039;s external service, via shortwave</p> </p>Ray Power - private, owned by DAAR Communications, runs music-based and speech-based FM stations</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13949549">Full Article</a> <p>SABC - state broadcaster with 20 regional and national services in 11 languages, including: national English-language network SAfm; contemporary music station 5 FM; national Afrikaans station Radio Sonder Grense; national Zulu station Ukhozi FM; Sesotho station Lesedi FM</p> </p>Channel Africa - SABC&#039;s pan-African external radio</p> </p>YFM - popular Johannesburg commercial R&amp;B, soul and hip-hop station</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14094861">Full Article</a>
Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 45.31
Ranked 86th. 15% more than South Africa
39.49
Ranked 88th.

Economy > Imports per capita $316.05
Ranked 158th.
$2,004.32
Ranked 99th. 6 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Gross National Income per capita $294.69
Ranked 136th.
$2,716.56
Ranked 65th. 9 times more than Nigeria
Military > Armed forces personnel 76,000
Ranked 46th. 21% more than South Africa
63,000
Ranked 55th.
Education > Literacy > Female 60.6%
Ranked 121st.
85.7%
Ranked 82nd. 41% more than Nigeria
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry 10%
Ranked 16th.
26%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Labor > Labor force, total 52.64 million
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than South Africa
18.69 million
Ranked 33th.

Agriculture > Farm workers 12.29 million
Ranked 14th. 10 times more than South Africa
1.26 million
Ranked 65th.

Economy > Tax > Highest marginal tax rate > Individual rate 25%
Ranked 15th.
40%
Ranked 21st. 60% more than Nigeria

Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 91.54 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than South Africa
43.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th.

Crime > United States extradition treaties > Entered into force June 24, 1935 June 25, 2001
Economy > GDP per capita in 1950 $547.00
Ranked 48th.
$2,251.00
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Nigeria
Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $61.14
Ranked 95th. 9% more than South Africa
$56.32
Ranked 103th.
People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 16.45%
Ranked 192nd.
35.05%
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point Chappal Waddi 2,419 m Njesuthi 3,408 m
Economy > Technology index 2.99
Ranked 86th.
4.33
Ranked 39th. 45% more than Nigeria
Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 100 Int. $
Ranked 95th. The same as South Africa
100 Int. $
Ranked 92nd.

Military > Military expenditures 0.9% of GDP
Ranked 57th.
1.7% of GDP
Ranked 12th. 89% more than Nigeria
Agriculture > Products cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products
Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 49.13
Ranked 47th. 45% more than South Africa
33.97
Ranked 87th.
Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people 32.88
Ranked 120th.
41
Ranked 102nd. 25% more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $10.00
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than South Africa
$4.17
Ranked 129th.
Economy > Development > Human Development Index 0.471
Ranked 151st.
0.629
Ranked 121st. 34% more than Nigeria

Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita 0.518% per 1 million people
Ranked 18th.
1.14% per 1 million people
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Nigeria
Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 36.03
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Africa
6.27
Ranked 22nd.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 7.75%
Ranked 5th. 42% more than South Africa
5.47%
Ranked 64th.

People > Physicians density 0.4 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 40th.
0.76 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 21st. 90% more than Nigeria

Crime > Drugs > Lifetime cannabis use 2.7%
Ranked 6th.
8.4%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Nigeria
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $7.19
Ranked 55th. 56% more than South Africa
$4.62
Ranked 112th.
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 230.1 hectares
Ranked 67th.
319.91 hectares
Ranked 45th. 39% more than Nigeria

Military > Military branches Nigerian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force South African National Defense Force (SANDF): South African Army, South African Navy (SAN), South African Air Force (SAAF), South African Military Health Services
Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people $0.02
Ranked 180th.
$0.22
Ranked 129th. 14 times more than Nigeria

Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 36.94 kW
Ranked 158th.
885.35 kW
Ranked 72nd. 24 times more than Nigeria

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 99 million
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than South Africa
13.86 million
Ranked 35th.

Education > College and university > Gender ratio 69.55
Ranked 90th.
91.28
Ranked 50th. 31% more than Nigeria

Economy > Exports > Commodities petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment
Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita 130.51 kWh
Ranked 114th.
5,002.35 kWh
Ranked 32nd. 38 times more than Nigeria

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $0.62
Ranked 149th.
$1.38
Ranked 89th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index 105.9%
Ranked 99th. 3% more than South Africa
102.6%
Ranked 117th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 559.45 million
Ranked 2nd. 16 times more than South Africa
35.61 million
Ranked 36th.

Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing 4.86 billion
Ranked 80th.
42.76 billion
Ranked 35th. 9 times more than Nigeria

Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 33 per 100,000 people
Ranked 149th.
402 per 100,000 people
Ranked 10th. 12 times more than Nigeria
Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence ?? ??
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index 73.23
Ranked 42nd. 73% more than South Africa
42.25
Ranked 117th.
Geography > Total area > Sq. km 923,770
Ranked 30th.
1.22 million
Ranked 24th. 32% more than Nigeria

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 70%
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than South Africa
9%
Ranked 11th.

Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 228,705
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than South Africa
74,151
Ranked 38th.
Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio 9.7
Ranked 11th.
17.9
Ranked 1st. 85% more than Nigeria
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $573.99
Ranked 62nd. 40% more than South Africa
$411.15
Ranked 90th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $4.22
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than South Africa
$1.44
Ranked 122nd.
Energy > Electricity > Production 24.87 billion kWh
Ranked 45th.
257.9 billion kWh
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Nigeria

Government > Country name > Conventional long form Federal Republic of Nigeria Republic of South Africa
Media > Personal computers per 1000 6.38
Ranked 134th.
84.03
Ranked 25th. 13 times more than Nigeria

Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita 1.6 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st.
8.23 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Nigeria
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 16.95 million
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than South Africa
4.32 million
Ranked 39th.

People > Cities > Urban population 63,558
Ranked 138th.
73,542
Ranked 101st. 16% more than Nigeria

Geography > Land use > Arable land 38.97%
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than South Africa
9.87%
Ranked 107th.

Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons 4.32
Ranked 71st.
63.73
Ranked 18th. 15 times more than Nigeria

Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant 2.5%
Ranked 132nd.
15.5%
Ranked 71st. 6 times more than Nigeria
Transport > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 30.81
Ranked 109th.
158.89
Ranked 62nd. 5 times more than Nigeria

Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 79.17
Ranked 5th. 5% more than South Africa
75.68
Ranked 7th.
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services 20%
Ranked 16th.
65%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Nigeria

Culture > World Heritage Sites 2
Ranked 93th.
4
Ranked 52nd. Twice as much as Nigeria
Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 967 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km
Transport > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 30.81
Ranked 91st.
107.85
Ranked 60th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Economy > Imports $53.36 billion
Ranked 51st.
$102.60 billion
Ranked 32nd. 92% more than Nigeria

People > Nationality > Adjective Nigerian South African
Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index 106.2%
Ranked 86th. About the same as South Africa
105.9%
Ranked 88th.

Media > Radio broadcast stations AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 AM 14, FM 347 (plus 243 repeaters), shortwave 1
Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered <25 75-89
People > Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female
Ranked 65th. 2% more than South Africa
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 96th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 15.55%
Ranked 5th. 38% more than South Africa
11.26%
Ranked 60th.

Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 5.5 births per woman
Ranked 22nd. 98% more than South Africa
2.78 births per woman
Ranked 77th.

Industry > Growth -2.94
Ranked 144th.
-7.21
Ranked 93th. 2 times more than Nigeria

Government > Executive branch > Elections president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 16 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2015) president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 6 May 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Crime > Software piracy rate 82%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than South Africa
34%
Ranked 88th.
Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations 350
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than South Africa
152
Ranked 19th.
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP 1.5%
Ranked 61st.
1.7%
Ranked 52nd. 13% more than Nigeria

Economy > Budget > Expenditures $27.87 billion
Ranked 66th.
$117.80 billion
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Nigeria

People > Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 64th. 4% more than South Africa
1.02 male(s)/female
Ranked 214th.

Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $66.85 billion
Ranked 51st.
$252.67 billion
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 26.73 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th.
115.62 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Energy > Crude oil > Production 2.52 million bbl/day
Ranked 12th. 14 times more than South Africa
181,000 bbl/day
Ranked 39th.

Economy > GINI index 43.7
Ranked 14th.
57.78
Ranked 1st. 32% more than Nigeria

Media > Daily newspapers > Per 1,000 people 25.41
Ranked 54th.
29.62
Ranked 57th. 17% more than Nigeria

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index 63.52
Ranked 45th. 43% more than South Africa
44.43
Ranked 77th.
Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita $348.74
Ranked 93th.
$682.59
Ranked 70th. 96% more than Nigeria

Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU 8.71 trillion
Ranked 18th. 17 times more than South Africa
503.55 billion
Ranked 55th.

Economy > Tourist arrivals 1.11 million
Ranked 78th.
9.59 million
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than Nigeria

Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 77.94
Ranked 8th.
81.61
Ranked 7th. 5% more than Nigeria
Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita $114.63 per capita
Ranked 79th.
$2,062.36 per capita
Ranked 27th. 18 times more than Nigeria

Transport > Rail > Railway length 3,528 km
Ranked 46th.
20,247 km
Ranked 15th. 6 times more than Nigeria
Military > Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend $14.18
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than South Africa
$5.36
Ranked 126th.
People > Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk very high intermediate
Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$ $104.95 billion
Ranked 15th. 7% more than South Africa
$98.11 billion
Ranked 17th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre $1,056.81
Ranked 79th. 25% more than South Africa
$844.70
Ranked 96th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg $2.36
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than South Africa
$1.10
Ranked 82nd.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 1.86%
Ranked 190th.
6.73%
Ranked 139th. 4 times more than Nigeria

Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration 3
Ranked 100th. 3 times more than South Africa
1
Ranked 195th.

Economy > Inbound tourism income > Current US$ $586.00 million
Ranked 99th.
$8.86 billion
Ranked 30th. 15 times more than Nigeria

Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000 0.363
Ranked 135th.
7.47
Ranked 36th. 21 times more than Nigeria
Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people 150.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 109th.
825.13 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 5 times more than Nigeria

Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita 55.16 kWh
Ranked 144th.
783.29 kWh
Ranked 60th. 14 times more than Nigeria

Government > National symbol(s) eagle springbok antelope
Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita 20.38
Ranked 190th.
268
Ranked 124th. 13 times more than Nigeria

Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population 47.9%
Ranked 49th. 32 times more than South Africa
1.5%
Ranked 116th.
Geography > Irrigated land 2,930 sq km