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Background Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

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Definitions

  • Daylight Savings Time end date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time ends. Clocks are moved backwards on this date.
  • Daylight Savings Time start date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time begins. Clocks are moved forward on this date.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
STAT Bulgaria Romania
Daylight Savings Time end date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October
Daylight Savings Time start date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March
Full name Republic of Bulgaria Romania
Independence day date September 22 May 9
Land border length 1,808 km
Ranked 93th.
2,508 km
Ranked 75th. 39% more than Bulgaria
National anthems Mila Rodino ( Dear Motherland ) De\u0219teapt\u0103-te, rom\u00e2ne! ( Awaken Thee, Romanian )
National identity card First issued and is compulsory after turning the age of 14. The new Bulgarian ID cards were introduced in 1999. They follow the general pattern in the EU and replaced the old, Soviet-style " internal passports ", also known as "green passports". During the socialism period (1945\u20131989), to receive an " international passport ", especially one allowing to travel to a Western country, was considered an achievement. Not all Bulgarian citizens had the right to travel abroad, and those who travelled outside the Soviet bloc underwent strict investigation for possible links with political enemies of the regime. Since January 1, 2007, the Bulgarian identity card can be used to travel within the European Union . Since 29 March 2010 new Bulgarian identity cards were introduced with embedded chip with personal data. The Carte de identitate is compulsory at 14.
Neighboring countries and territories Greece (L) Republic of Macedonia (L) Romania Serbia (L) Turkey Bulgaria Hungary (L) Moldova (L) Serbia (L) Turkey (M) Ukraine
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 2
Ranked 100th.
3
Ranked 62nd. 50% more than Bulgaria
Overview <p>Bulgaria, situated in the eastern Balkans, has been undergoing a slow and painful transition to a market economy since the end of Communist rule. </p> <p>A predominantly Slavic-speaking, Orthodox Christian country, Bulgaria was the birthplace of the Cyrillic alphabet, which was created there towards the end of the 9th century AD. </p> <p>It was long influenced by Byzantine culture then was part of the Ottoman Empire for 500 years before gaining its independence in the 19th century. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17202996">Full Article</a> <p>The largest of the Balkan countries, Romania has dramatic mountain scenery and a coastline on the Black Sea. </p> <p>It has seen numerous empires come and go from the Roman, to the Ottoman, to the Austro-Hungarian. </p> <p>After World War II the country was under communist rule although the leadership pursued a foreign policy independent of that of the Soviet Union. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-17776265">Full Article</a>

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