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Transport Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

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Definitions

  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Commute > Distance: Distance. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Distance".
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Motor vehicles: Motor vehicles per 1,000 people
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Road > Expressway length: Expressway length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Inefficiency index: Each country's inefficiency rating in regards to traffic. Long commute times, poor traffic laws and other factors are taken into consideration.
  • Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Traffic index: Traffic Index is a composite index of time consumed in traffic due to job commute, estimation of time consumption dissatisfaction, CO2 consumption estimation in traffic and overall inefficiencies in the traffic system.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Roadways > Paved: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people). Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available.
  • Highways > Paved > Per capita: total length of the paved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roadways > Total: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Heliports: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services).
  • Pipelines: The lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products
  • Roads > Time index: Time Index is an average one way time needed to transport, in minutes.
  • Airports per million: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Commute > Time spent > Driving: Driving Car. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Driving Car".
  • Commute > Time spent > Total: Overall. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Overall".
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Highways > Paved: total length of the paved parts of the highway system
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Highways > Total: total length of the highway system
  • Road > Length of motorways per capita: Kilometers of motorways per million residents.
  • Railways > Total: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Waterways per million: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
  • Roadways > Paved per thousand people: This entry is derived from Transport > Roadways, which gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled.
  • Vehicle abundance: Vehicles per populated land area
    Units: Vehicles/Populated Land Area (in km2)
    Units: Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then utilized this land area as the denominator for the vehicles data.
  • Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million: Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces)
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Ports and harbors: The major ports and harbors selected on the basis of overall importance to each country. This is determined by evaluating a number of factors (e.g., dollar value of goods handled, gross tonnage, facilities, and military significance).
  • Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Rail > Electrified railway length: Electrified length (km).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Roads > Total network > Km: Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions."
  • Commute > Time spent > Walking: Walking. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Walking".
  • Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km: Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the overall level of competence and quality of logistics services (e.g. transport operators, customs brokers), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Total per 1000: total length of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Merchant marine > Total: 1000 GRT or over
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000: Roads, total network (km). Total road network includes motorways, highways, and main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and all other roads in a country. A motorway is a road designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Commute > Time spent > Waiting: Waiting. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Waiting".
  • Merchant marine > Ships by type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all non-military ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.; or a grouping of merchant ships by nationality o
  • Airports > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste."
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million: Rail lines (total route-km). Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Railways > Narrow gauge: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Highways > Unpaved: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Gas price > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km: Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled."
  • Aircraft departures: Aircraft departures are the number of domestic and international take-offs of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road: Vehicles (per km of road). Vehicles per kilometer of road include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Roads refer to motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other roads. A motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic that separates the traffic flowing in opposite directions.
  • Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high). Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010).
  • Railways > Standard gauge: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter: Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of diesel fuel. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Highways > Unpaved > Per capita: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita: Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ per capita: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Roadways > Unpaved per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Roadways > Total per 1000: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Commute > Time spent > On the bus: Bus Ride. Based on 0-50 contributions for Argentina, Armenia, Austria and 63 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 5 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, and United States. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Bus Ride".
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft."
  • Road sector energy > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste."
  • Railways > Total > Per $ GDP: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km: Roads, passengers carried (million passenger-km). Passengers carried by road are the number of passengers transported by road times kilometers traveled.
  • Railways > Total per million: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Highways > Paved per 1000: total length of the paved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Per capita: 1000 GRT or over Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Heliports > Per capita: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Merchant marine > By type: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Highways > Unpaved per 1000: total length of the unpaved parts of the highway system. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Spaceflight > Total days all astronauts spent in space: Number of days spent in space by astronauts by country of citizenship. Figures are as of 6 November, 2007.
  • Pipelines > Total length per million: Total length of all pipelines. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pipelines > All types: The lengths and types of pipelines for transporting products like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products"
  • Aircraft departures per 1000: Aircraft departures are the number of domestic and international take-offs of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Roads > Paved > % of total roads: Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length."
  • Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines.
  • Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Pipelines > Total length > Per $ GDP: Total length of all pipelines Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Road > Traffic laws > Permitted alcohol level: Indicates for European countries the limit of blood alcohol content (in %), above which driving is not permitted.
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service imports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Heliports per million: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service imports: Travel services (% of commercial service imports). Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service exports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i: The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible)."
  • Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Per $ GDP: 1000 GRT or over Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance (% of GDP). Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pipelines > Oil per million: Total length of oil pipelines. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online."
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt per capita: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Average time to clear exports through customs > Days per million: Average time to clear exports through customs (days). Average time to clear exports through customs is the average number of days to clear direct exports through customs. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Seatbelt required: Indicates for European countries whether (and on which seats) it is mandatory to wear seatbelts while driving.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Speed limit at motorway: Indicates the speed limit (in km / h) on motorways, freeways or highways in European countries.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Speed limit at single carriageway: Indicates the speed limit (in km/ h) on single carriageways in European countries. A single carriageway road or undivided highway is one where the lanes for traffic in opposing directions are not separate, usually divided only by lines.
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage
  • Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP: Insurance and financial services (% of service exports, BoP). Insurance and financial services cover various types of insurance provided to nonresidents by resident insurance enterprises and vice versa, and financial intermediary and auxiliary services (except those of insurance enterprises and pension funds) exchanged between residents and nonresidents.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$, % of GDP: International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items (current US$). International tourism expenditures for passenger transport items are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries for all services provided during international transportation by nonresident carriers. Also included are passenger services performed within an economy by nonresident carriers. Excluded are passenger services provided to nonresidents by resident carriers within the resident economies; these are included in travel items. In addition to the services covered by passenger fares--including fares that are a part of package tours but excluding cruise fares, which are included in travel--passenger services include such items as charges for excess baggage, vehicles, or other personal accompanying effects and expenditures for food, drink, or other items for which passengers make expenditures while on board carriers. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports). Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service exports: Transport services (% of commercial service exports). Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Private investment > Transport: Investment in transport projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in transport that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernisation of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway
  • Merchant marine > Total per million: 1000 GRT or over. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pipelines > Gas per million: Total length of gas pipelines. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per $ GDP: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Road > Radar detector legality: Legality.
  • Railways > Standard gauge per million: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient: Burden of Customs Procedure measures business executives' perceptions of their country's efficiency of customs procedures. The rating ranges from 1 to 7, with a higher score indicating greater efficiency. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Respondents evaluated the efficiency of customs procedures in their country. The lowest score (1) rates the customs procedure as extremely inefficient, and the highest score (7) as extremely efficient."
  • Transport services > % of all service imports: Transport (% of service imports, BoP) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, the movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services. Services imports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue: Taxes on exports (% of tax revenue). Taxes on exports are all levies on goods being transported out of the country or services being delivered to nonresidents by residents. Rebates on exported goods that are repayments of previously paid general consumption taxes, excise taxes, or import duties are deducted from the gross amounts receivable from these taxes, not from amounts receivable from export taxes.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Roads, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by road are the volume of goods transported by road vehicles, measured in millions of metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Fire extinguisher required: Indicates for European countries whether the law requires a fire extinguisher to be available in each car.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Spare bulb required: Indicates for European countries whether the law requires a spare light bulb to be available in each car.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Toll roads: Indicates for European countries whether toll roads exist. Toll roads are publically or privately owned roads for which a fee must be paid to be allowed to use them.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Triangle required: Indicates for European countries whether the law requires a triangular safety reflector to be available in each car.
  • Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered cases). Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per $ GDP: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP: Dwt=Deadweight tonnage, a measure of the capacity of a cargo ship Per $ GDP figures expressed per million $ gross domestic product
  • Transport services > % of all service > Exports: Transport (% of service exports, BoP) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services. Service exports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights.
  • Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.
  • Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services."
  • Travel > % of all service > Exports: Travel (% of service exports, BoP) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Service exports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent: Diesel is heavy oils used as a fuel for internal combustion in diesel engines.
  • Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption: Road sector energy consumption is the total energy used in the road sector including petroleum products, natural gas, electricity, and combustible renewable and waste. Total energy consumption is the total country energy consumption."
  • Travel > % of all service imports: Travel (% of service imports, BoP) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Services imports refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual (1993), but definitions may nevertheless vary among reporting economies."
  • Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Pipelines > Total length: Total length of all pipelines
  • Maritime > Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP: Communications, computer, etc. (% of service exports, BoP). Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.
  • Maritime > Interest payments on external debt > % of exports of goods, services and primary income: Interest payments on external debt (% of exports of goods, services and primary income). Total interest payments to exports of goods and services.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Total > GRT per capita: GRT=Gross Register Tonnage. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth: Services, etc., value added (annual % growth). Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Heliports > Per $ GDP: Total number of established helicopter take-off and landing sites (which may or may not have fuel or other services). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Minimum passenger age for front seat: Indicates for European countries the age under which a passenger may not be seated on the front seat while driving.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Tow rope required: Indicates for European countries whether the law requires a tow rope to be available in each car.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With unpaved runways, which gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads: Roads, paved (% of total roads). Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.
  • Transnational Issues > Disputes > International: Lists border, territory and resource disputes by country.
  • Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000: Railways, goods transported (million ton-km). Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Registered in other countries per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Road > Traffic laws > Speed limit at urban area: Indicates the speed limit (in km / h) in urban areas in European countries.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Maritime > Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
  • Merchant marine > Registered in other countries: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Foreign-owned: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service > Exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of service exports, BoP: Travel services (% of service exports, BoP). Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Maritime > Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$ per capita: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Road > Traffic laws > First aid required: Indicates for European countries whether the law requires a first aid kit to be available in each car.
  • Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m per million: Total number of airports with useable unpaved runways (grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchant marine > Foreign-owned per million: Merchant marine may be defined as all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc. This entry contains information in four fields - total, ships by type, foreign-owned, and registered in other countries.
    Total includes the number of ships (1,000 GRT or over), total DWT for those ships, and total GRT for those ships. DWT or dead weight tonnage is the total weight of cargo, plus bunkers, stores, etc., that a ship can carry when immersed to the appropriate load line. GRT or gross register tonnage is a figure obtained by measuring the entire sheltered volume of a ship available for cargo and passengers and converting it to tons on the basis of 100 cubic feet per ton; there is no stable relationship between GRT and DWT.
    Ships by type includes a listing of barge carriers, bulk cargo ships, cargo ships, chemical tankers, combination bulk carriers, combination ore/oil carriers, container ships, liquefied gas tankers, livestock carriers, multifunctional large-load carriers, petroleum tankers, passenger ships, passenger/cargo ships, railcar carriers, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off cargo ships, short-sea passenger ships, specialized tankers, and vehicle carriers.
    Foreign-owned are ships that fly the flag of one country but belong to owners in another.
    Registered in other countries are ships that belong to owners in one country but fly the flag of another. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m per million people: This entry is derived from Transport > Airports > With paved runways, which gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3,047 m (over 10,000 ft), (2) 2,438 to 3,047 m (8,000 to 10,000 ft), (3) 1,524 to 2,437 m (5,000 to 8,000 ft), (4) 914 to 1,523 m (3,000 to 5,000 ft), and (5) under 914 m (under 3,000 ft). Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The type aircraft capable of operating from a runway of a given length is dependent upon a number of factors including elevation of the runway, runway gradient, average maximum daily temperature at the airport, engine types, flap settings, and take-off weight of the aircraft. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$ per capita: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m per million: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Maritime > Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Maritime > Firms that do not report all sales for tax purposes > % of firms: Firms that do not report all sales for tax purposes (% of firms). Firms that do not report all sales for tax purposes are the percentage of firms that expressed that a typical firm reports less than 100 percent of sales for tax purposes; such firms are termed "informal firms."
  • Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports). Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Current LCU: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Maritime > Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Maritime > Average time to clear exports through customs > Days: Average time to clear exports through customs (days). Average time to clear exports through customs is the average number of days to clear direct exports through customs.
  • Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide > Per capita: Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per $ GDP: Number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), categorised according to the length of the longest runway Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 trillion $ gross domestic product.
  • Pipelines > Oil: Total length of oil pipelines
  • Maritime > Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • Maritime > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports). Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.
  • Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Pipelines > Gas: Total length of gas pipelines
  • Railways > Standard gauge > Per $ GDP: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other.
    Standard gauge=1.435-m gauge Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Airports 68
Ranked 73th. 51% more than Romania
45
Ranked 96th.

Commute > Distance 4.17 km
Ranked 23th.
7.59 km
Ranked 10th. 82% more than Bulgaria
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 5.1 billion
Ranked 72nd.
15.57 billion
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Highways > Total > Per capita 4.63 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.
8.85 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 22nd. 91% more than Bulgaria
Motor vehicles 239 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 22nd. 77% more than Romania
135 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 36th.
Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 295.14
Ranked 45th. 64% more than Romania
180.49
Ranked 26th.

Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 257.39
Ranked 43th. 65% more than Romania
155.8
Ranked 26th.

Rail > Railway length 4,159 km
Ranked 38th.
22,298 km
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Road > Expressway length 458 km
Ranked 44th.
647 km
Ranked 41st. 41% more than Bulgaria
Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 393
Ranked 42nd. 67% more than Romania
235
Ranked 63th.
Road > Motorway density 82.24 m of motorway per square km
Ranked 42nd. 3 times more than Romania
25.27 m of motorway per square km
Ranked 73th.
Road > Motorway length 625 km
Ranked 52nd.
647 km
Ranked 49th. 4% more than Bulgaria
Road network length > Km
Vehicles > Per km of road 63
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Romania
20
Ranked 31st.

Waterways 470 km
Ranked 17th.
1,731 km
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 345.41
Ranked 35th. 71% more than Romania
201.5
Ranked 47th.

Ports and terminals <strong>major seaport(s): </strong>Burgas, Varna (Black Sea) Braila, Constanta, Galati (Galatz), Mancanului (Giurgiu), Midia, Tulcea
Roadways > Unpaved 277 km
Ranked 14th.
34,312 km
Ranked 8th. 124 times more than Bulgaria

Rail lines > Total route-km 4,159
Ranked 34th.
10,784
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Airports > Per capita 29.22 per 1 million people
Ranked 58th. 11 times more than Romania
2.74 per 1 million people
Ranked 173th.

Inefficiency index 145.93
Ranked 20th. 14% more than Romania
127.93
Ranked 23th.
Gross value added by transport, storage and communication per capita 698.07
Ranked 89th.
729.92
Ranked 86th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Air transport > Passengers carried 1.07 million
Ranked 65th.
3.25 million
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Railways > Total > Per capita 0.591 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th. 22% more than Romania
0.485 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 26th.

Roads > Traffic index 100.57
Ranked 32nd.
114.97
Ranked 27th. 14% more than Bulgaria
Airports > With paved runways > Total 57
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Romania
26
Ranked 66th.

Roadways > Paved 19,235 km
Ranked 52nd.
49,873 km
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Air transport > Freight > Million tons per km 3.11 million tons/km
Ranked 106th.
5.16 million tons/km
Ranked 103th. 66% more than Bulgaria

Railways > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km 2,335
Ranked 38th.
6,880
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Roads > Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 392.83
Ranked 34th. 67% more than Romania
234.53
Ranked 47th.

Highways > Paved > Per capita 4.35 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 28th.
4.38 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Roadways > Total 19,512 km
Ranked 102nd.
84,185 km
Ranked 53th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 3.7
Ranked 93th. 42% more than Romania
2.6
Ranked 137th.

Heliports 1
Ranked 83th.
2
Ranked 55th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Pipelines gas 2,926 km; oil 339 km; refined products 156 km gas 3,588 km; oil 2,424 km
Roads > Time index 33.35
Ranked 21st. 3% more than Romania
32.26
Ranked 23th.
Airports per million 27.87
Ranked 43th. 11 times more than Romania
2.52
Ranked 150th.

Commute > Time spent > Driving 1 min
Ranked 17th.
3.27 min
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Commute > Time spent > Total 42.43 min
Ranked 5th. 2% more than Romania
41.64 min
Ranked 6th.
Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km > Per capita 1.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th.
2.38 per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th. 56% more than Bulgaria

Highways > Paved 35,049 km
Ranked 26th.
98,308 km
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Roads > Roads, total network > Km 19,456
Ranked 61st.
82,718
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.439
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Romania
0.141
Ranked 101st.

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high 3.1
Ranked 42nd. 10% more than Romania
2.83
Ranked 64th.

Highways > Total 37,286 km
Ranked 37th.
198,603 km
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Road > Length of motorways per capita 5.64 mm
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Romania
2.36 mm
Ranked 61st.
Railways > Total 4,152 km
Ranked 40th.
10,777 km
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Waterways per million 61.96 km
Ranked 7th.
80.18 km
Ranked 29th. 29% more than Bulgaria

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km 4,098
Ranked 37th.
13,620
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Roadways > Paved per thousand people 2.76 km
Ranked 57th. 20% more than Romania
2.29 km
Ranked 67th.

Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 2,068
Ranked 41st.
4,814
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Vehicle abundance 20.17 per square km
Ranked 31st. 33% more than Romania
15.12 per square km
Ranked 41st.
Railways > Railways, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per million 281.42
Ranked 34th. 25% more than Romania
225.11
Ranked 37th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 11
Ranked 128th.
19
Ranked 109th. 73% more than Bulgaria

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m 2
Ranked 133th.
5
Ranked 105th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Ports and harbors Burgas, Lom, Nesebur, Ruse, Varna, Vidin Braila, Constanta, Galati, Mangalia, Sulina, Tulcea
Air transport > Passengers carried > Per capita 147.81 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Romania
146.24 per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th.

Rail > Electrified railway length 2,831 km
Ranked 20th.
3,971 km
Ranked 15th. 40% more than Bulgaria
Roads > Total network > Km 40,231
Ranked 36th.
198,817
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Commute > Time spent > Walking 33.29 min
Ranked 4th. 14% more than Romania
29.27 min
Ranked 6th.
Air transport > Freight > Million ton-km 2.28
Ranked 79th.
6.42
Ranked 72nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Logistics performance index: Competence and quality of logistics services > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.424
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Romania
0.133
Ranked 103th.

Highways > Total per 1000 4.56 km
Ranked 41st.
8.85 km
Ranked 23th. 94% more than Bulgaria
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m 2
Ranked 81st.
4
Ranked 53th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Merchant marine > Total 22
Ranked 90th. 4 times more than Romania
5
Ranked 120th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt 1.19 million Dwt
Ranked 54th. 7 times more than Romania
165,548 Dwt
Ranked 91st.

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $3.00 million
Ranked 34th.
$108.00 million
Ranked 20th. 36 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried 946,947
Ranked 94th.
3.91 million
Ranked 61st. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 0.871
Ranked 111th.
1.09
Ranked 105th. 25% more than Bulgaria

Roads > Roads, total network > Km per 1000 2.58
Ranked 69th.
3.86
Ranked 56th. 49% more than Bulgaria

Commute > Time spent > Waiting 0.71 min
Ranked 21st.
1.64 min
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Merchant marine > Ships by type bulk 42, cargo 10, chemical tanker 4, container 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 4, railcar carrier 2, roll on/roll off 2, short-sea passenger 1, specialized tanker 1 bulk 9, cargo 39, container 1, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 4, railcar carrier 2, roll on/roll off 4
Airports > Per $ GDP 6.89 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 52nd. 14 times more than Romania
0.502 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 139th.

Road sector energy > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.31
Ranked 56th. 63% more than Romania
0.19
Ranked 73th.

Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 597
Ranked 73th.
1,449
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Railways > Rail lines > Total route-km per million 557.68
Ranked 23th.
636.9
Ranked 12th. 14% more than Bulgaria

Roads > Goods transported > Million ton-km 11,843
Ranked 25th.
51,531
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Railways > Narrow gauge None None
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m 1
Ranked 81st.
4
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per capita 17.89 per 1 million people
Ranked 40th. 16 times more than Romania
1.12 per 1 million people
Ranked 168th.

Highways > Unpaved 2,237 km
Ranked 43th.
100,295 km
Ranked 8th. 45 times more than Bulgaria
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3,047 m per million people 0.286
Ranked 80th. 56% more than Romania
0.184
Ranked 103th.

Airports > With paved runways > 1,524 to 2,437 m 12
Ranked 46th. 9% more than Romania
11
Ranked 52nd.

Gas price > US$ per liter $1.28
Ranked 53th. 15% more than Romania
$1.11
Ranked 82nd.

Railways > Goods transported > Million ton-km 4,673
Ranked 44th.
12,861
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Aircraft departures 6,700
Ranked 105th.
20,200
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km per 1000 1.41
Ranked 36th.
4.08
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 129.64
Ranked 96th.
183.52
Ranked 89th. 42% more than Bulgaria

Roads > Vehicles > Per km of road 72
Ranked 13th. 18% more than Romania
60.78
Ranked 14th.

Logistics performance index: Overall > 1=low to 5=high 3.21
Ranked 36th. 7% more than Romania
3
Ranked 53th.

Railways > Standard gauge 4,072 km
Ranked 12th.
10,639 km
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km 3,291
Ranked 46th.
13,539
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million 67.9
Ranked 86th. 2 times more than Romania
27.3
Ranked 128th.

Maritime > Import value index > 2000 = 100 498.94
Ranked 45th.
583.71
Ranked 30th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million 79.57
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Romania
28.24
Ranked 120th.

Pump price for diesel fuel > US$ per liter $1.37
Ranked 35th. 12% more than Romania
$1.22
Ranked 54th.

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m 26
Ranked 16th. 26 times more than Romania
1
Ranked 98th.

Maritime > Cost to export > US$ per container $1,375.00
Ranked 72nd.
$1,485.00
Ranked 59th. 8% more than Bulgaria

Highways > Unpaved > Per capita 0.278 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.
4.47 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th. 16 times more than Bulgaria
Roads > Passengers carried > Million passenger-km > Per capita 1.77 per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Romania
0.369 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd.

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ $159.00 million
Ranked 63th.
$351.00 million
Ranked 52nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$ per capita $21.64
Ranked 65th. 32% more than Romania
$16.41
Ranked 79th.

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km 19,453.7
Ranked 30th.
25,889
Ranked 28th. 33% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ $7.30 billion
Ranked 58th.
$11.69 billion
Ranked 49th. 60% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $33.97 billion
Ranked 67th.
$62.98 billion
Ranked 56th. 85% more than Bulgaria

Roadways > Unpaved per 1000 0.0845 km
Ranked 27th.
6.45 km
Ranked 5th. 76 times more than Bulgaria

Roadways > Total per 1000 5.28 km
Ranked 28th.
9.24 km
Ranked 17th. 75% more than Bulgaria

Commute > Time spent > On the bus 0.71 min
Ranked 17th.
7 min
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Bulgaria
Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 150,739.83
Ranked 101st.
648,458
Ranked 69th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 20.51
Ranked 103th.
30.32
Ranked 96th. 48% more than Bulgaria

Air transport > Registered carrier departures worldwide 15,974
Ranked 62nd.
55,386
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Road sector gasoline fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.08
Ranked 73th. 14% more than Romania
0.07
Ranked 80th.

Road sector energy > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 2,411
Ranked 58th.
4,058
Ranked 47th. 68% more than Bulgaria

Railways > Total > Per $ GDP 136.39 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 29th. 46% more than Romania
93.62 km per $1 billion of GD
Ranked 44th.

Roads > Roads, passengers carried > Million passenger-km 10,613
Ranked 38th.
87,500
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than Bulgaria

Railways > Total per million 563.27 km
Ranked 21st. 12% more than Romania
501.45 km
Ranked 25th.

Highways > Paved per 1000 4.29 km
Ranked 30th.
4.38 km
Ranked 28th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.274
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Romania
0.0938
Ranked 78th.

Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m > Per capita 2.46 per 1 million people
Ranked 24th. 6 times more than Romania
0.404 per 1 million people
Ranked 95th.

Merchant marine > Total > Per capita 10.19 per 1 million people
Ranked 60th. 13 times more than Romania
0.764 per 1 million people
Ranked 121st.

Heliports > Per capita 0.546 per 1 million people
Ranked 28th. 6 times more than Romania
0.09 per 1 million people
Ranked 71st.

Merchant marine > By type bulk carrier 16, cargo 10, chemical tanker 1, liquefied gas 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 1 cargo 10, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1
Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 15
Ranked 28th. 25% more than Romania
12
Ranked 36th.
Airports > With paved runways > Total > Per $ GDP 4.19 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 23th. 20 times more than Romania
0.206 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 148th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per $ GDP 2,286.95 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 49th. 12 times more than Romania
189.13 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 112th.

Highways > Unpaved per 1000 0.274 km
Ranked 44th.
4.47 km
Ranked 16th. 16 times more than Bulgaria
Spaceflight > Total days all astronauts spent in space 11.91 7.862
Pipelines > Total length per million 379.27 km
Ranked 45th. 38% more than Romania
274.93 km
Ranked 55th.
Pipelines > All types gas 2,425 km; oil 339 km; refined products 156 km (2004) gas 3,508 km; oil 2,427 km (2004)
Aircraft departures per 1000 0.866
Ranked 106th.
0.934
Ranked 104th. 8% more than Bulgaria
Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m per million 0.258
Ranked 62nd. 3 times more than Romania
0.0924
Ranked 80th.
Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP 476.45 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 42nd. 5 times more than Romania
98.68 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 102nd.

Roads > Paved > % of total roads 98.4%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Romania
30.2%
Ranked 44th.

Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 1,337
Ranked 55th.
2,400
Ranked 43th. 80% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Energy imports, net > % of energy use 35.63%
Ranked 55th. 55% more than Romania
23.05%
Ranked 70th.

Pipelines > Total length > Per $ GDP 121.01 km per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 36th. 49% more than Romania
81.12 km per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 45th.
Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth -0.841%
Ranked 96th.
-5.993%
Ranked 103th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $35.85 billion
Ranked 58th.
$79.80 billion
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m 11
Ranked 60th. 10% more than Romania
10
Ranked 67th.
Road > Traffic laws > Permitted alcohol level 0.05%
Ranked 23th.
0.0
Ranked 36th.
Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 4.03%
Ranked 44th.
10.34%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m 19
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Romania
9
Ranked 31st.
Heliports per million 0.398
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Romania
0.14
Ranked 59th.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $4,262.13
Ranked 56th. 45% more than Romania
$2,942.25
Ranked 68th.

Maritime > Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 1.37%
Ranked 47th.
1.48%
Ranked 41st. 8% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU 30.19 billion
Ranked 88th.
118.63 billion
Ranked 71st. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $24.75 billion
Ranked 57th.
$49.37 billion
Ranked 49th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Maritime > Travel services > % of commercial service imports 31.07%
Ranked 13th. 47% more than Romania
21.15%
Ranked 78th.

Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports 2.43%
Ranked 35th.
2.69%
Ranked 64th. 11% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Time to import > Days per million 2.33
Ranked 103th. 4 times more than Romania
0.61
Ranked 151st.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.445
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Romania
0.14
Ranked 103th.

Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million -637,843,366.914
Ranked 54th.
-1,182,953,458.154
Ranked 64th. 85% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 1.75%
Ranked 83th. 11 times more than Romania
0.163%
Ranked 141st.

Quality of port infrastructure > WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by i 3.62
Ranked 83th. 11% more than Romania
3.26
Ranked 97th.

Maritime > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 17.23%
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Romania
3.8%
Ranked 40th.

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $0.41
Ranked 33th.
$5.06
Ranked 20th. 12 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.00588%
Ranked 28th.
0.0638%
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$ $1.46 million
Ranked 78th. 3% more than Romania
$1.42 million
Ranked 80th.
Maritime > External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million -392,572,548.487
Ranked 60th.
-1,997,148,672.065
Ranked 83th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 16.03%
Ranked 106th.
17.23%
Ranked 103th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per capita 113.77 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 52nd. 17 times more than Romania
6.57 GRT per 1,000 people
Ranked 117th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per capita 163.14 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 52nd. 22 times more than Romania
7.43 Dwt per 1,000 people
Ranked 114th.

Merchant marine > Total > Per $ GDP 2.38 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 36th. 13 times more than Romania
0.189 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 94th.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.00588%
Ranked 84th.
0.0213%
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m per million 2.45
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than Romania
0.416
Ranked 72nd.
Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$, % of GDP 0.000919%
Ranked 104th. 14% more than Romania
0.000807%
Ranked 107th.

Maritime > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 66.57%
Ranked 21st. 79% more than Romania
37.18%
Ranked 73th.

Maritime > Current account balance > % of GDP -1.443%
Ranked 52nd.
-3.293%
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Airports > With paved runways > Total per million 17.25
Ranked 22nd. 14 times more than Romania
1.21
Ranked 143th.

Pipelines > Oil per million 46.13 km
Ranked 56th.
113.49 km
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 0.267
Ranked 109th. 2% more than Romania
0.261
Ranked 110th.

Maritime > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 26.89%
Ranked 18th. 12% more than Romania
24.08%
Ranked 25th.
Maritime > Lead time to import, median case > Days 2
Ranked 76th. The same as Romania
2
Ranked 75th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 70.24%
Ranked 25th. 49% more than Romania
47.11%
Ranked 70th.

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 5.78
Ranked 102nd.
23.34
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 27.73%
Ranked 7th. 30% more than Romania
21.41%
Ranked 11th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 0.398%
Ranked 115th.
0.615%
Ranked 104th. 55% more than Bulgaria

Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per $ GDP 63.53 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 76th. 4 times more than Romania
16.45 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 96th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita 1.23 per 1 million people
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than Romania
0.539 per 1 million people
Ranked 112th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per capita 11.33 per 1 million people
Ranked 63th. 7 times more than Romania
1.62 per 1 million people
Ranked 136th.

Maritime > ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 5.61%
Ranked 58th.
7.98%
Ranked 32nd. 42% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 9.32%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Romania
2.7%
Ranked 35th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m 9
Ranked 99th.
14
Ranked 85th. 56% more than Bulgaria

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per $ GDP 349.39 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 85th. 4 times more than Romania
90.45 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 117th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m > Per capita 9.83 per 1 million people
Ranked 49th. 10 times more than Romania
0.988 per 1 million people
Ranked 119th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt per capita 0.156 Dwt
Ranked 46th. 20 times more than Romania
0.00768 Dwt
Ranked 109th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $4,861.94
Ranked 59th. 44% more than Romania
$3,364.90
Ranked 72nd.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 61.01%
Ranked 21st. 65% more than Romania
37.04%
Ranked 69th.

Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m > Per capita 0.137 per 1 million people
Ranked 127th. 3 times more than Romania
0.045 per 1 million people
Ranked 140th.
Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$ per 1000 $24.29
Ranked 104th. 10% more than Romania
$22.08
Ranked 109th.

Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m > Per capita 0.273 per 1 million people
Ranked 82nd. 2 times more than Romania
0.135 per 1 million people
Ranked 110th.

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $3,652.15
Ranked 51st. 52% more than Romania
$2,404.99
Ranked 64th.

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $998.80
Ranked 63th. 82% more than Romania
$548.18
Ranked 78th.

Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita 2.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 49th. 4 times more than Romania
0.539 per 1 million people
Ranked 100th.

Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ per 1000 $119.52
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than Romania
$44.73
Ranked 69th.

Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$, % of GDP 0.00368%
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Romania
0.00128%
Ranked 67th.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $35.51 billion
Ranked 64th.
$71.76 billion
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Average time to clear exports through customs > Days per million 0.554
Ranked 30th. 6 times more than Romania
0.0931
Ranked 44th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m per million 1.42
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than Romania
0.462
Ranked 97th.
Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ $930,000.00
Ranked 59th.
$970,000.00
Ranked 57th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Time to import > Days 17
Ranked 107th. 31% more than Romania
13
Ranked 136th.

Maritime > Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 6.36
Ranked 109th.
23.28
Ranked 51st. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 2.97
Ranked 41st. 12% more than Romania
2.65
Ranked 61st.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 3.16
Ranked 47th. 2% more than Romania
3.1
Ranked 53th.

Road > Traffic laws > Seatbelt required All All
Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU 54.56 billion
Ranked 106th.
243.27 billion
Ranked 82nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Road > Traffic laws > Speed limit at motorway 140 km/h
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than Romania
130 km/h
Ranked 15th.
Road > Traffic laws > Speed limit at single carriageway 90 km/h
Ranked 22nd. The same as Romania
90 km/h
Ranked 21st.
Merchant marine > Total > GRT 833,153 GRT
Ranked 54th. 6 times more than Romania
146,307 GRT
Ranked 91st.

Maritime > Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP 2.57%
Ranked 72nd.
4.02%
Ranked 49th. 56% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $26.68 billion
Ranked 65th.
$51.29 billion
Ranked 55th. 92% more than Bulgaria

International tourism, expenditures for passenger transport items > Current US$, % of GDP 0.297%
Ranked 79th. 54% more than Romania
0.192%
Ranked 97th.

Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service imports 26.89%
Ranked 37th. 33% more than Romania
20.24%
Ranked 130th.

Maritime > Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 1.32%
Ranked 44th.
2.27%
Ranked 30th. 72% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 1.69%
Ranked 97th. 70% more than Romania
0.996%
Ranked 114th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 2.64%
Ranked 41st.
3.43%
Ranked 31st. 30% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Transport services > % of commercial service exports 19.75%
Ranked 35th.
26.01%
Ranked 56th. 32% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.63%
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than Romania
0.777%
Ranked 101st.

Private investment > Transport 531.6 million
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Romania
116.8 million
Ranked 23th.

Maritime > Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 14.3%
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Romania
6.9%
Ranked 87th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 2
Ranked 67th. The same as Romania
2
Ranked 66th.
Merchant marine > Total per million 4.91
Ranked 77th. 7 times more than Romania
0.7
Ranked 113th.

Pipelines > Gas per million 330.01 km
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Romania
164.04 km
Ranked 47th.
Maritime > Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 52.28%
Ranked 20th. 73% more than Romania
30.28%
Ranked 56th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total > Per $ GDP 2,699.87 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 67th. 9 times more than Romania
296.03 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 122nd.

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 69.6%
Ranked 32nd. 64% more than Romania
42.36%
Ranked 84th.

Road > Radar detector legality Detectors legal, jammers illegal. Legal since 2006
Railways > Standard gauge per million 531.13 km
Ranked 9th. 6% more than Romania
498.8 km
Ranked 11th.

Maritime > CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 1.07
Ranked 59th. 63% more than Romania
0.659
Ranked 81st.

Airports > With unpaved runways > Total per million 10.62
Ranked 54th. 8 times more than Romania
1.31
Ranked 132nd.

Burden of customs procedure > WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 3.63
Ranked 83th.
4.08
Ranked 57th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Transport services > % of all service imports 22.17%
Ranked 108th.
27.29%
Ranked 94th. 23% more than Bulgaria

Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m per million 12.74
Ranked 5th. 273 times more than Romania
0.0466
Ranked 103th.
Maritime > Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue 0.000282%
Ranked 21st.
5.33%
Ranked 6th. 18929 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$ per 1000 $118.23
Ranked 97th. 4 times more than Romania
$30.44
Ranked 145th.

Maritime > Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $0.41
Ranked 96th.
$1.69
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Roads > Roads, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 2.58
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Romania
1.21
Ranked 41st.

Maritime > Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.407
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Romania
0.124
Ranked 103th.

Road > Traffic laws > Fire extinguisher required Yes Yes
Road > Traffic laws > Spare bulb required No Yes
Road > Traffic laws > Toll roads Yes Yes
Road > Traffic laws > Triangle required Yes Yes
Maritime > Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 47.54%
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Romania
45.54%
Ranked 33th.
Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 7,469.06
Ranked 113th.
11,406.62
Ranked 98th. 53% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 86%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Romania
85%
Ranked 73th.

Merchant marine > Total > GRT > Per $ GDP 27.72 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 29th. 17 times more than Romania
1.63 GRT per million $ of GDP
Ranked 97th.

Merchant marine > Total > Dwt > Per $ GDP 41.13 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 27th. 20 times more than Romania
2.03 Dwt per million $ of GDP
Ranked 94th.

Transport services > % of all service > Exports 20.49%
Ranked 62nd.
29.47%
Ranked 36th. 44% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU 2.83 billion
Ranked 43th. 68 times more than Romania
41.6 million
Ranked 54th.

Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 110.68
Ranked 78th. 13% more than Romania
98.25
Ranked 121st.

Maritime > Export volume index > 2000 = 100 259.14
Ranked 42nd.
360.81
Ranked 16th. 39% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 2.13%
Ranked 45th.
7.82%
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 63.75%
Ranked 92nd.
71.87%
Ranked 66th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million 15.06
Ranked 99th. 3 times more than Romania
4.59
Ranked 155th.

Maritime > Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 6.76%
Ranked 123th. 3% more than Romania
6.56%
Ranked 125th.

Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m > Per capita 0.273 per 1 million people
Ranked 74th. 3 times more than Romania
0.09 per 1 million people
Ranked 104th.

Transport services > % of commercial service imports 22.2%
Ranked 113th.
27.61%
Ranked 97th. 24% more than Bulgaria

Travel > % of all service > Exports 54.78%
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than Romania
12.56%
Ranked 123th.

Road sector diesel fuel > Consumption per capita > Kt of oil equivalent 0.17
Ranked 50th. 55% more than Romania
0.11
Ranked 66th.

Road sector energy > Consumption > % of total energy > Consumption 11.92%
Ranked 84th. 14% more than Romania
10.43%
Ranked 93th.

Travel > % of all service imports 34.8%
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Romania
14.34%
Ranked 106th.

Maritime > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $31.13 billion
Ranked 60th.
$62.75 billion
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Pipelines > Total length 2,920 km
Ranked 56th.
5,935 km
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Maritime > Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP 27.2%
Ranked 86th.
59.21%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Interest payments on external debt > % of exports of goods, services and primary income 2.31%
Ranked 46th.
6.56%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 48.49%
Ranked 24th. 66% more than Romania
29.15%
Ranked 60th.

Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m per million 0.129
Ranked 78th.
0.185
Ranked 72nd. 43% more than Bulgaria
Merchant marine > Total > GRT per capita 0.109 GRT
Ranked 47th. 16 times more than Romania
0.00679 GRT
Ranked 113th.

Maritime > Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth 0.578%
Ranked 96th.
7.52%
Ranked 22nd. 13 times more than Bulgaria

Heliports > Per $ GDP 127.05 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 14th. 15 times more than Romania
8.22 per $1 trillion of GDP
Ranked 53th.

Road > Traffic laws > Minimum passenger age for front seat 10 front seat
Ranked 28th.
12 front seat
Ranked 17th. 20% more than Bulgaria
Road > Traffic laws > Tow rope required Yes No
Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1,523 m per million people 0.286
Ranked 123th. 25% more than Romania
0.229
Ranked 129th.

Airports > With paved runways > 2,438 to 3,047 m per million people 2.33
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than Romania
0.469
Ranked 89th.

Maritime > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 11,652
Ranked 107th.
57,433
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Roads > Roads, paved > % of total roads 98.6%
Ranked 13th. 75% more than Romania
56.5%
Ranked 43th.

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International <a href=/country/vt>none</a> has not resolved claims to Ukrainian-administered Zmyinyy (Snake) Island and <a href=/encyclopedia/Race-(US-Census)>Black</a> Sea maritime boundary despite ongoing talks based on 1997 friendship treaty to find a solution in two years; <a href=/country/hu>Hungary</a> amended <a href=/graph-T/gov_sta>status</a> law extending special social and cultural benefits to ethnic <a href=/encyclopedia/Hungary>Hungarians</a> in <a href=/country/ro>Romania</a>, who had objected to the law
Railways > Railways, goods transported > Million ton-km per 1000 0.448
Ranked 36th.
0.633
Ranked 30th. 41% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Cost to import > US$ per container $1,365.00
Ranked 97th.
$1,495.00
Ranked 84th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Maritime > Documents to export > Number per million 0.548
Ranked 107th. 2 times more than Romania
0.234
Ranked 144th.