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Language Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

Definitions

STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
English > Conversational English prevalence 25%
Ranked 23th.
31%
Ranked 19th. 24% more than Bulgaria
French > Conversational French prevalence 2%
Ranked 24th.
17%
Ranked 5th. 9 times more than Bulgaria
German > Conversational German prevalence 8%
Ranked 16th. 60% more than Romania
5%
Ranked 20th.
Italian > Conversational Italian prevalence 1%
Ranked 20th.
7%
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Languages Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
Linguistic diversity index 0.224
Ranked 133th. 33% more than Romania
0.168
Ranked 143th.
Major language(s) Bulgarian Romanian
Polish > Conversational Polish prevalence 0.0
Ranked 24th.
0.0
Ranked 15th.
Romani > Romani speaking Roma population > 2000 350,000
Ranked 4th.
433,000
Ranked 1st. 24% more than Bulgaria
Romani > Romani speaking Roma population > 2000 per 1000 42.84
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Romania
19.29
Ranked 5th.
Romani > Romani speaking Roma population from total Roma population > 2000 80%
Ranked 22nd. The same as Romania
80%
Ranked 18th.
Romani language > Gypsy > Speakers 600,000
Ranked 2nd.
1.03 million
Ranked 1st. 72% more than Bulgaria
Romani language > Gypsy > Speakers per 1000 73.44
Ranked 1st. 60% more than Romania
45.89
Ranked 3rd.
Russian > Conversational Russian prevalence 23%
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Romania
3%
Ranked 11th.
Spanish > Conversational Spanish prevalence 2%
Ranked 18th.
5%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Romani > Gypsy language > % of Romani who speak Romani 80%
Ranked 21st. The same as Romania
80%
Ranked 17th.

SOURCES: SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 386 “Europeans and their Languages”, p. 21.
; SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 386 “Europeans and their Languages”, p. 21.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Wikipedia: Linguistic diversity index (Rankings by country) (UNESCO World Report – Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue); British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; Wikipedia: Romani language; Wikipedia: Romani language. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Dieter W. Halwachs: Rombase, Speakers and Numbers pp1.; Dieter W. Halwachs: Rombase, Speakers and Numbers pp1. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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