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Military Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Active military personnel: Active military personnel.
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Active military personnel per thousand people: Active military personnel. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Navy > Patrol boats: Number of patrol boats (Includes minesweepers).
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • NATO > NATO reserves provided: Reserve personnel.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Expenditures > Dollar figure: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies
  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Army > Troops prepared for deployed operations: Troops prepared for deployed operations.
  • Army > Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation: Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation.
  • Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date: Signed.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Army > Multiple rocket launchers: Multiple rocket launcher.
  • Army > Towed artillery units: Towed artillery.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Active Ground Forces > Active Personnel > 2008: Strength of active personnel in ground forces of European Union member states in 2008. Figures do not include personnel in navy and air force.
  • Defence spending > Percent of GDP: Defense expenditure as percentage of GDP. Figures are for the year 2010.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Forces in Europe > Artillery: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2005
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product
  • Army > Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation per million people: Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Active Ground Forces > Total: Total ground forces of European Union member states in 2008. Figures include active personnel, reserve forces as well as paramilitary forces.
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Army > Armoured vehicles: Armoured vehicle.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2006
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Forces in Europe > Aircraft: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2004
  • Active Ground Forces > Active Personnel > 2008 per 1000: Strength of active personnel in ground forces of European Union member states in 2008. Figures do not include personnel in navy and air force. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Army > Troops prepared for deployed operations per million people: Troops prepared for deployed operations. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Military spending (euros): Military expenditure (€).
  • Forces in Europe > Helicopters: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2007
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Forces in Europe > Helicopters per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2007. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Forces in Europe > ACVs: Conventional armed forces in Europe (ACVs = Armoured Combat Vehicles).
  • Forces in Europe > Artillery per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Navy > Corvettes: Corvette.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Active Ground Forces > Total per 1000: Total ground forces of European Union member states in 2008. Figures include active personnel, reserve forces as well as paramilitary forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2006. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Spending of GDP: Of GDP.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forces in Europe > ACVs per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe (ACVs = Armoured Combat Vehicles). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Navy > Anti-mine ships: Anti-mine ship.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Iraq Coalition casualties per million: Number of military fatalities in Iraq since March 20th, 2003. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Active Ground Forces > Active troops/thousand citizens: Active personnel in ground forces per thousand citizens of European Union member states in 2008. Figures do not include personnel in navy and air force.
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Forces in Europe > Aircraft per million: Conventional armed forces in Europe. SIPRI Yearbooks 1991-2003. Conventional arms control. Last update: July 2004. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Iraq Coalition casualties: Number of military fatalities in Iraq since March 20th, 2003.
  • Conscription status: Whether countries prescribe mandatory military services as of 1997.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 88
Ranked 4th. 83% more than Romania
48
Ranked 36th.
Armed forces personnel 80,000
Ranked 45th.
207,000
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Army > Main battle tanks 80
Ranked 16th.
350
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Budget 1.4 US$ BN
Ranked 7th.
2.9 US$ BN
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Global Peace Index 1.66
Ranked 128th. 5% more than Romania
1.58
Ranked 133th.

Military branches Bulgarian Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Bulgarian Air Forces (Bulgarski Voennovazdyshni Sily, BVVS) Land Forces, Naval Forces (Fortele Naval, FN), Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR)
Military expenditures 2.6% of GDP
Ranked 9th. 37% more than Romania
1.9% of GDP
Ranked 2nd.
Military service age and obligation 18-27 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription ended in January 2008; service obligation 6-9 months 20-35 years of age for compulsory male military service; conscription ended 2006, but military service remains mandatory; 18 years of age for male and female voluntary service; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service, with subsequent successive 3-year terms until age 36
Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 9th.
0.0
Ranked 50th.
Navy > Corvette warships 3
Ranked 4th.
4
Ranked 16th. 33% more than Bulgaria
Navy > Submarines 1
Ranked 3rd. The same as Romania
1
Ranked 23th.
Paramilitary personnel 3,400
Ranked 80th.
79,900
Ranked 18th. 24 times more than Bulgaria
Personnel > Per capita 10.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 34% more than Romania
8.18 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.

Service age and obligation 18-27 years of age for voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 9 months; as of May 2006, 67% of the Bulgarian Army comprised of professional soldiers; conscription ended as of 1 January 2008; Air and Air Defense Forces and Naval Forces became fully professional at the end of 2006 18 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription officially ended October 2006; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service; subsequent voluntary service contracts are for successive 3-year terms until the age of 36
War deaths 0.0
Ranked 70th.
0.0
Ranked 69th.

Active military personnel 28,767
Ranked 12th.
68,340
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.6%
Ranked 49th. 5% more than Romania
2.47%
Ranked 56th.

Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 75,000
Ranked 58th.
153,000
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Personnel 85,000
Ranked 57th.
177,000
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Navy > Frigates 4
Ranked 2nd. 33% more than Romania
3
Ranked 22nd.

Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita $45.24
Ranked 25th. About the same as Romania
$45.18
Ranked 26th.
Branches Bulgarian Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Bulgarian Air Forces (Bulgarski Voennovazdyshni Sily, BVVS) Land Forces, Naval Forces, Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR), Special Operations
Active military personnel per thousand people 3.94
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Romania
3.2
Ranked 8th.
Military expenditure > Current LCU 1.55 billion
Ranked 87th.
6.96 billion
Ranked 69th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Navy > Patrol boats 1
Ranked 4th.
6
Ranked 8th. 6 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 33,444
Ranked 118th.
117,798
Ranked 74th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

NATO > NATO reserves provided 302,500
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Romania
79,900
Ranked 12th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure $356.00 million
Ranked 23th.
$985.00 million
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Weapon holdings 4.84 million
Ranked 20th. 20% more than Romania
4.04 million
Ranked 24th.
Armed forces personnel per 1000 9.79
Ranked 23th. 6% more than Romania
9.22
Ranked 25th.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 39,477
Ranked 114th.
127,706
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Personnel per 1000 10.98
Ranked 23th. 34% more than Romania
8.18
Ranked 40th.

Expenditure > Current LCU 1006000000 6070000000
Army > Troops prepared for deployed operations 6,232
Ranked 10th.
10,957
Ranked 6th. 76% more than Bulgaria
Army > Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation 900
Ranked 12th.
2,953
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W) 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W)
Conscription <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>Conscription</a> exists (WRI). <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>Conscription</a> exists.
Army > Multiple rocket launchers 240
Ranked 3rd. 28% more than Romania
188
Ranked 4th.
Army > Towed artillery units 150
Ranked 5th.
644
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Armed forces growth -46%
Ranked 113th.
9%
Ranked 60th.
Imports > USD 127 million
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Romania
37 million
Ranked 52nd.

Active Ground Forces > Active Personnel > 2008 39,000
Ranked 10th.
90,000
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Defence spending > Percent of GDP 2.34%
Ranked 2nd. 89% more than Romania
1.24%
Ranked 18th.
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 158 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 29th.
579 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

NATO > Current members > Date 29 March 2004 29 March 2004
Forces in Europe > Artillery 1,737
Ranked 5th. 40% more than Romania
1,238
Ranked 9th.
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.6% of GDP
Ranked 26th. 37% more than Romania
1.9% of GDP
Ranked 2nd.
Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP $22.82 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 23th. 6% more than Romania
$21.50 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 26th.
Army > Troops prepared for deployed and sustained operation per million people 123.21
Ranked 15th.
138.46
Ranked 11th. 12% more than Bulgaria
Active Ground Forces > Total 376,000
Ranked 9th. 37% more than Romania
273,900
Ranked 14th.
Weapon holdings per 1000 603.22
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Romania
182.32
Ranked 35th.
Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 None 4507880
Army > Armoured vehicles 1,397
Ranked 10th.
2,578
Ranked 7th. 85% more than Bulgaria
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 48 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Romania
17 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 25th.

Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks 1,474
Ranked 7th. 17% more than Romania
1,258
Ranked 8th.
Employment in arms > Production 5,000
Ranked 51st.
15,000
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Exports > USD 5 million
Ranked 32nd.
32 million
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than Bulgaria

ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2010-12-14 516
Ranked 13th.
1,648
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Forces in Europe > Aircraft 216
Ranked 10th.
274
Ranked 8th. 27% more than Bulgaria
Active Ground Forces > Active Personnel > 2008 per 1000 5.12
Ranked 5th. 22% more than Romania
4.18
Ranked 11th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 4.58
Ranked 220th.
5.52
Ranked 199th. 21% more than Bulgaria

Army > Troops prepared for deployed operations per million people 853.16
Ranked 8th. 66% more than Romania
513.76
Ranked 12th.
Military spending (euros) \u20ac545,000,000 \u20ac1,713,000,000
Forces in Europe > Helicopters 35
Ranked 11th. 75% more than Romania
20
Ranked 16th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita $45.24 per capita
Ranked 26th. About the same as Romania
$45.18 per capita
Ranked 27th.
Defence spending > 2008[46] 2,009
Ranked 20th. The same as Romania
2,009
Ranked 9th.
Conventional arms imports $12.00 million
Ranked 71st.
$276.00 million
Ranked 21st. 23 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Availability > Males 1.7 million
Ranked 100th.
5.68 million
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Military age 19 years of age 20 years of age
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 24 SEP 1996 24 SEP 1996
Forces in Europe > Helicopters per million 4.57
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Romania
0.928
Ranked 18th.
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 51,023
Ranked 88th.
172,093
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 33,444
Ranked 118th.
117,798
Ranked 74th. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Forces in Europe > ACVs 1,857
Ranked 9th. About the same as Romania
1,854
Ranked 10th.
Forces in Europe > Artillery per million 224.42
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Romania
57.22
Ranked 9th.
NATO join date 3/29/2004 3/29/2004
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 None 5428939
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 20.41 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 13th.
26.76 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 11th. 31% more than Bulgaria

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 6,135.75 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 17th. 8 times more than Romania
785.79 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 27th.

Navy > Corvettes 3
Ranked 2nd.
7
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Active Ground Forces > Total per 1000 49.32
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Romania
12.73
Ranked 16th.
Employment in arms > Production per 1000 0.623
Ranked 34th.
0.678
Ranked 31st. 9% more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Availability > Females 1.69 million
Ranked 92nd.
5.56 million
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 1.36 million
Ranked 93th.
4.57 million
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 1.85 million
Ranked 92nd.
5.91 million
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 20.41 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 13th.
26.76 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 11th. 31% more than Bulgaria

Conventional arms imports per capita $1.38
Ranked 65th.
$11.90
Ranked 23th. 9 times more than Bulgaria
Forces in Europe > Battle Tanks per million 191.45
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Romania
58.27
Ranked 6th.
Spending of GDP 1.42%
Ranked 8th. 13% more than Romania
1.26%
Ranked 13th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 4.26
Ranked 221st.
5.21
Ranked 204th. 22% more than Bulgaria
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 32,075
Ranked 119th.
111,607
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 1.4 million
Ranked 83th.
4.64 million
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2009-12-09 495
Ranked 16th.
900
Ranked 11th. 82% more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 239.54
Ranked 112th.
273.28
Ranked 40th. 14% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 1.55 million
Ranked 78th.
4.97 million
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 6.66
Ranked 117th.
7.99
Ranked 98th. 20% more than Bulgaria
Forces in Europe > ACVs per million 237.36
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Romania
85.27
Ranked 8th.
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.195 per $1,000
Ranked 60th.
1.61 per $1,000
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 178.93
Ranked 130th.
212.52
Ranked 43th. 19% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 221.83
Ranked 123th.
258.31
Ranked 52nd. 16% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 183.82
Ranked 99th.
215.89
Ranked 45th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 4.9
Ranked 195th.
5.66
Ranked 185th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Navy > Anti-mine ships 10
Ranked 3rd. Twice as much as Romania
5
Ranked 8th.
Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.34%
Ranked 33th. 65% more than Romania
1.42%
Ranked 69th.

Iraq Coalition casualties per million 1.66
Ranked 3rd. 18 times more than Romania
0.092
Ranked 16th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP 2.23%
Ranked 21st. 4% more than Romania
2.15%
Ranked 22nd.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.197 per capita
Ranked 59th.
0.231 per capita
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 5.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 212th.
5.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 210th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.235 per capita
Ranked 137th.
0.275 per capita
Ranked 45th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 5.44 per 1,000 people
Ranked 213th.
5.74 per 1,000 people
Ranked 211th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000 200.45
Ranked 45th.
229.92
Ranked 9th. 15% more than Bulgaria

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 4.79
Ranked 218th.
5.41
Ranked 202nd. 13% more than Bulgaria
Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 223.26
Ranked 160th.
264.13
Ranked 59th. 18% more than Bulgaria

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 5.18
Ranked 193th.
5.94
Ranked 185th. 15% more than Bulgaria

Active Ground Forces > Active troops/thousand citizens 5.15
Ranked 6th. 27% more than Romania
4.05
Ranked 14th.
Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 6.99%
Ranked 24th.
8.9%
Ranked 28th. 27% more than Bulgaria
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 2.04%
Ranked 25th. 32% more than Romania
1.54%
Ranked 38th.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 4.26
Ranked 219th.
5.21
Ranked 202nd. 22% more than Bulgaria
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 32,075
Ranked 119th.
111,607
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 32075 111607
Forces in Europe > Aircraft per million 27.76
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Romania
12.64
Ranked 8th.
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.0579%
Ranked 57th.
0.721%
Ranked 17th. 12 times more than Bulgaria
Iraq Coalition casualties 13
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Romania
2
Ranked 13th.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 33444 117798
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 37,339
Ranked 115th.
121,852
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Conscription status No (abolished by law on January 1, 2008({{Cite document No (ended in 2007)({{Cite document
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Ratification 29 SEP 1999 05 OCT 1999
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 6.14 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 17th. 8 times more than Romania
0.786 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 27th.

Personnel > % of total labor force 2.73%
Ranked 22nd. 59% more than Romania
1.72%
Ranked 44th.

Expenditure > % of GDP 2.4%
Ranked 32nd. 14% more than Romania
2.11%
Ranked 38th.

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; Wikipedia: Military of the European Union (The table) ("The 15 countries with the highest military expenditure in 2012 (table)" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute . Retrieved 15 April 2013 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Military of the European Union (The table) ("The 15 countries with the highest military expenditure in 2012 (table)" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute . Retrieved 15 April 2013 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Wikipedia: Member states of NATO (Military personnel); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Ratified or acceded states); Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); Wikipedia: Military of the European Union (The table); calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Military of the European Union; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database; Wikipedia: NATO; Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE): A Review and Update of Key Treaty Elements (US Department of State: Washington, DC, Jan. 2002). Joint Consultative Group (JCG), Group on Treaty Operation and Implementation, JCG document JCG.TOI/22/03, 23 June 2003; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: ISAF troop number statistics; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Military of the European Union. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Military of the European Union; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE): A Review and Update of Key Treaty Elements (US Department of State: Washington, DC, Jan. 2002). Joint Consultative Group (JCG), Group on Treaty Operation and Implementation, JCG document JCG.TOI/22/03, 23 June 2003. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007; Wikipedia: Enlargement of NATO; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. 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Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Iraqi Coalition Casualty Count. March 19, 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Iraqi Coalition Casualty Count. March 19, 2006.

Citation

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