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Labor Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

Definitions

  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Salaries and benefits > Monthly minimum wage: Monthly minimum wage ( EUR ).
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age: years
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Skills are the share of senior managers who ranked skills of available workers as a major or severe constraint.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • One-person and family businesses > Women: Percentage of employed women who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Labor regulations are the share of senior managers who ranked labor regulations as a major or severe constraint.
  • One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of employed men older than 14 years who are self-employed without employees.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men: Percentage of employed men who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Employment rate > Adults 46.3
Ranked 145th.
48.1
Ranked 138th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Expense > Current LCU 23.73 billion
Ranked 81st.
196 billion
Ranked 58th. 8 times more than Bulgaria

GNI > Current US$ $49.10 billion
Ranked 67th.
$191.03 billion
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 104th. The same as Romania
40 hours
Ranked 103th.
Labor force 3.4 million
Ranked 5th.
9.35 million
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 26%, industry 31%, services 43% agriculture 31.6%, industry 30.7%, services 37.7%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 7.1%
Ranked 8th.
29.7%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 35.2%
Ranked 3rd. 52% more than Romania
23.2%
Ranked 6th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 57.7%
Ranked 11th. 23% more than Romania
47.1%
Ranked 18th.

Labor force, total 3.35 million
Ranked 97th.
10.2 million
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Rigidity of employment index 47
Ranked 52nd.
51
Ranked 41st. 9% more than Bulgaria

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $0.95
Ranked 27th.
$1.20
Ranked 24th. 26% more than Bulgaria

Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 340 Bulgarian lev per month, 2.03 lev per hour. 850 RON Romanian lei per month, 5.059 Romanian lei per hour for a full-time schedule of 168 hours per month. ]
Salaries and benefits > Monthly minimum wage 173.84 EUR
Ranked 27th.
190.48 EUR
Ranked 24th. 10% more than Bulgaria
Unemployment rate 9.2%
Ranked 34th. 12% more than Romania
8.2%
Ranked 43th.

Labor force per 1000 448.25
Ranked 8th. 3% more than Romania
436.14
Ranked 70th.

GNI > Current US$ per capita $6,721.77
Ranked 71st.
$8,957.35
Ranked 62nd. 33% more than Bulgaria

Male retirement age 63
Ranked 20th.
64
Ranked 6th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Female retirement age 60
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Romania
59
Ranked 8th.
Labor force, total per 1000 459.15
Ranked 92nd.
478.27
Ranked 71st. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 45.6%
Ranked 63th.
50.3%
Ranked 57th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 8.7 weeks of wages
Ranked 148th. 3 times more than Romania
3 weeks of wages
Ranked 162nd.

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 6,131.77
Ranked 87th.
16,142.44
Ranked 74th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Expense > Current LCU per capita 3,229.01
Ranked 92nd.
9,165.31
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment rate > Women 41
Ranked 116th.
42.5
Ranked 109th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force > Total 3.67 million
Ranked 85th.
9.96 million
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment rate > Men 52.2
Ranked 157th.
54.3
Ranked 152nd. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 49.6%
Ranked 66th.
57.4%
Ranked 54th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 49.6%
Ranked 66th.
57.4%
Ranked 54th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 1620131000 6173360000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 51.7
Ranked 5th. 25% more than Romania
41.3
Ranked 12th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.402 per capita
Ranked 134th.
0.474 per capita
Ranked 63th. 18% more than Bulgaria

Force > Total 3.11 million
Ranked 94th.
10.26 million
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 38.9%
Ranked 14th. 11% more than Romania
34.9%
Ranked 22nd.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 88.8%
Ranked 25th. 36% more than Romania
65.2%
Ranked 52nd.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 26.6%
Ranked 22nd. 12% more than Romania
23.7%
Ranked 25th.

GNI > Current LCU 74.73 billion
Ranked 126th.
582.38 billion
Ranked 94th. 8 times more than Bulgaria

Female economic activity 56.8%
Ranked 67th. 12% more than Romania
50.7%
Ranked 83th.
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women 7.2%
Ranked 33th.
31.9%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 41.9%
Ranked 54th.
43.7%
Ranked 48th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 41.9%
Ranked 54th.
43.7%
Ranked 48th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force > Per capita 354.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 139th.
417.49 per 1,000 people
Ranked 106th. 18% more than Bulgaria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 96.08%
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Romania
89.72%
Ranked 46th.
Employment rate > Young adults 26.5
Ranked 142nd. 10% more than Romania
24
Ranked 149th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-1,872,042,389.59
Ranked 115th. 12% more than Romania
$-1,678,114,178.94
Ranked 114th.

Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 0.4%
Ranked 52nd.
14.3%
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Bulgaria

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 1.68$
Ranked 116th. 7% more than Romania
1.57$
Ranked 117th.

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 19
Ranked 109th.
46
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 83.1%
Ranked 17th. 29% more than Romania
64.4%
Ranked 48th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 10.7%
Ranked 32nd.
31.4%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Female economic activity growth -5%
Ranked 156th. 3 times more than Romania
-2%
Ranked 134th.
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men 9.8%
Ranked 35th.
31.2%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment rate > Young women 23.5
Ranked 127th. 12% more than Romania
21
Ranked 134th.

Employment rate > Young men 29.3
Ranked 148th. 9% more than Romania
26.9
Ranked 153th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 1,679.59$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 118th. 7% more than Romania
1,571.58$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 120th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 5.98%
Ranked 143th. 33% more than Romania
4.49%
Ranked 152nd.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $16,896.00
Ranked 61st. 45% more than Romania
$11,644.00
Ranked 76th.

GNI > Constant LCU 44.79 billion
Ranked 88th.
344.27 billion
Ranked 64th. 8 times more than Bulgaria

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 6,131.77
Ranked 87th.
16,142.44
Ranked 74th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $4,453.92
Ranked 51st.
$5,540.26
Ranked 47th. 24% more than Bulgaria

Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 1%
Ranked 52nd.
18.6%
Ranked 30th. 19 times more than Bulgaria

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 6.8%
Ranked 28th.
33%
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 2.3%
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Romania
0.9%
Ranked 55th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 18%
Ranked 153th.
20.9%
Ranked 144th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 46.6%
Ranked 172nd.
56.9%
Ranked 155th. 22% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 36.3%
Ranked 136th.
46.4%
Ranked 95th. 28% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 27.6%
Ranked 18th. 16% more than Romania
23.7%
Ranked 25th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 91.91%
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Romania
83.08%
Ranked 74th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 0.488$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 125th. 41% more than Romania
0.345$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 130th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 13 million$
Ranked 118th.
34 million$
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 28.9%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than Romania
24.8%
Ranked 8th.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 5.2%
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Romania
2.3%
Ranked 55th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 50.3%
Ranked 42nd. 50% more than Romania
33.6%
Ranked 69th.

Technicians in RandD > Per million people 476.76 per million people
Ranked 17th. 92% more than Romania
248.52 per million people
Ranked 29th.

Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 95.12%
Ranked 155th.
96.37%
Ranked 137th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 94.11%
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Romania
80.53%
Ranked 60th.
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 78.91%
Ranked 137th.
83.73%
Ranked 78th. 6% more than Bulgaria
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 17.31%
Ranked 156th.
30.73%
Ranked 109th. 78% more than Bulgaria
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 13.65%
Ranked 161st.
33.26%
Ranked 113th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 16
Ranked 13th. The same as Romania
16
Ranked 12th.
Employees, services, female > % of female employment 70.6%
Ranked 46th. 43% more than Romania
49.5%
Ranked 56th.

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 54.6%
Ranked 31st. 49% more than Romania
36.7%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 29.5%
Ranked 15th. 32% more than Romania
22.3%
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 28.1%
Ranked 22nd. 24% more than Romania
22.7%
Ranked 31st.

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 5.7%
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Romania
2.8%
Ranked 27th.

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 63.5%
Ranked 9th.
64.5%
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 15%
Ranked 40th.
26.5%
Ranked 22nd. 77% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with primary education > % of total 16.4%
Ranked 40th.
24.2%
Ranked 30th. 48% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 59.3%
Ranked 13th.
61.7%
Ranked 10th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 17.6%
Ranked 38th.
22.4%
Ranked 31st. 27% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 54.5%
Ranked 15th.
58.2%
Ranked 12th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 24.3%
Ranked 26th. 83% more than Romania
13.3%
Ranked 53th.

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita 130.25 BoP $
Ranked 22nd.
173.53 BoP $
Ranked 16th. 33% more than Bulgaria

Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 10.37%
Ranked 20th.
12.5%
Ranked 16th. 21% more than Bulgaria
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -3.668%
Ranked 101st. 4 times more than Romania
-0.991%
Ranked 59th.

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 2.1%
Ranked 54th.
9.5%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 2.4%
Ranked 58th.
10.2%
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 23.3%
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Romania
20.5%
Ranked 12th.

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 94.93%
Ranked 96th.
95.37%
Ranked 84th. About the same as Bulgaria
Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 28.5%
Ranked 2nd. 20% more than Romania
23.8%
Ranked 3rd.

Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 80.98%
Ranked 13th. 12% more than Romania
72.16%
Ranked 53th.
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 2.93%
Ranked 141st.
4.22%
Ranked 125th. 44% more than Bulgaria
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 96.05%
Ranked 1st. 16% more than Romania
82.77%
Ranked 44th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-256,281,547.05
Ranked 123th. 3 times more than Romania
$-78,685,312.24
Ranked 82nd.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 2.84%
Ranked 53th. 49% more than Romania
1.91%
Ranked 64th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 88.4%
Ranked 12th. 31% more than Romania
67.3%
Ranked 49th.

Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 11.5%
Ranked 24th. 67% more than Romania
6.9%
Ranked 47th.

Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 55.5%
Ranked 7th. 15% more than Romania
48.4%
Ranked 11th.

Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 55.3%
Ranked 4th. 26% more than Romania
44%
Ranked 13th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 49%
Ranked 21st.
67.9%
Ranked 6th. 39% more than Bulgaria

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 52.39%
Ranked 122nd.
55.3%
Ranked 108th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 21.1%
Ranked 17th. 15% more than Romania
18.4%
Ranked 29th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 94.4%
Ranked 16th. 7% more than Romania
87.85%
Ranked 60th.
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 81.73%
Ranked 24th. 65% more than Romania
49.56%
Ranked 101st.
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 28.25%
Ranked 119th.
29.67%
Ranked 113th. 5% more than Bulgaria
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 52.3%
Ranked 17th.
66.3%
Ranked 7th. 27% more than Bulgaria

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -390,073,450.325
Ranked 72nd. 63% more than Romania
-239,880,698.592
Ranked 59th.

Employers, male > % of employment 4.8%
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Romania
1.6%
Ranked 57th.

One-person and family businesses > Women 7.2%
Ranked 33th.
31.9%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ 1.01 billion BoP $
Ranked 32nd.
3.75 billion BoP $
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 2.13 billion$
Ranked 33th.
4.73 billion$
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.1%
Ranked 143th.
96.45%
Ranked 129th. About the same as Bulgaria
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 21.16%
Ranked 130th.
28.1%
Ranked 93th. 33% more than Bulgaria
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Date April 23, 1980 November 19, 1975
Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 1%
Ranked 52nd.
18.6%
Ranked 30th. 19 times more than Bulgaria

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 0.4%
Ranked 52nd.
14.3%
Ranked 3rd. 36 times more than Bulgaria

GNI > Current LCU per capita 10,230.88
Ranked 146th.
27,307.45
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 68.9%
Ranked 16th. 14% more than Romania
60.57%
Ranked 29th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 83.62%
Ranked 42nd. 31% more than Romania
63.85%
Ranked 126th.
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 77.44%
Ranked 133th. 67% more than Romania
46.34%
Ranked 165th.
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 32.24%
Ranked 146th. 51% more than Romania
21.29%
Ranked 159th.
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 95.19%
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Romania
80.52%
Ranked 45th.
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 130,247.67 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 22nd.
173,533.76 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 16th. 33% more than Bulgaria

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 37.83 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 32nd.
38.09 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 31st. 1% more than Bulgaria

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 24.5%
Ranked 153th.
27.4%
Ranked 150th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 42.6%
Ranked 120th.
45.4%
Ranked 104th. 7% more than Bulgaria

One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage 9.8%
Ranked 35th.
31.2%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 51.59%
Ranked 132nd. 37% more than Romania
37.55%
Ranked 161st.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 275.2$
Ranked 17th. 26% more than Romania
218.77$
Ranked 24th.

Force with tertiary education > % of total 23.3%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Romania
9.1%
Ranked 39th.

Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 57.43%
Ranked 166th.
62.4%
Ranked 144th. 9% more than Bulgaria

Employers, female > % of employment 2.2%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Romania
0.8%
Ranked 57th.

Employers, total > % of employment 3.6%
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Romania
1.2%
Ranked 59th.

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 8.8%
Ranked 51st.
32.6%
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 14.1%
Ranked 58th.
32.9%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 11.6%
Ranked 57th.
32.7%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 50.9%
Ranked 163th.
59.8%
Ranked 140th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 8%
Ranked 53th.
31.5%
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 62.57%
Ranked 181st.
69.5%
Ranked 172nd. 11% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 12.1%
Ranked 13th. 51% more than Romania
8%
Ranked 39th.

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 25.1%
Ranked 1st. 23% more than Romania
20.4%
Ranked 7th.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 37%
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Romania
35.3%
Ranked 16th.

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date June 8, 1959 November 26, 1958
Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million -234,329,304.523
Ranked 42nd.
-239,880,698.592
Ranked 44th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 22.3%
Ranked 171st.
23.5%
Ranked 169th. 5% more than Bulgaria

GNI growth > Annual % 2.03%
Ranked 72nd.
2.81%
Ranked 63th. 38% more than Bulgaria

GNI per capita > Current LCU 10,230.88
Ranked 146th.
27,307.45
Ranked 116th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU -1,711,689,336.354
Ranked 36th.
-5,115,912,870.2
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 26%
Ranked 22nd. 12% more than Romania
23.2%
Ranked 29th.

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 7.7%
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than Romania
3.4%
Ranked 23th.

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 10.8%
Ranked 29th. 69% more than Romania
6.4%
Ranked 55th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 10.09%
Ranked 137th. 2 times more than Romania
4.86%
Ranked 153th.
Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 12.5%
Ranked 9th. 39% more than Romania
9%
Ranked 25th.

Force with secondary education > % of total 55%
Ranked 14th.
57.1%
Ranked 12th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 55.1%
Ranked 4th. 34% more than Romania
41%
Ranked 13th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 94.78%
Ranked 15th. 5% more than Romania
89.87%
Ranked 50th.
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 13.36%
Ranked 131st. 39% more than Romania
9.59%
Ranked 147th.
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 94.44%
Ranked 9th. 14% more than Romania
83.11%
Ranked 49th.
Compensation of employees > % of expense 11.25%
Ranked 63th.
15.73%
Ranked 60th. 40% more than Bulgaria
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 22.3%
Ranked 15th. 13% more than Romania
19.7%
Ranked 19th.

Force > Female > % of total labor force 46%
Ranked 50th.
46.19%
Ranked 45th. About the same as Bulgaria

Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 16.2%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Romania
8%
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 6.8%
Ranked 56th. 45% more than Romania
4.7%
Ranked 61st.

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 11.4%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Romania
5.4%
Ranked 33th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 79.92%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than Romania
78.06%
Ranked 53th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 95.06%
Ranked 4th. 8% more than Romania
88.09%
Ranked 43th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 7.4%
Ranked 25th. 95% more than Romania
3.8%
Ranked 32nd.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 22.12%
Ranked 145th. 48% more than Romania
14.96%
Ranked 160th.
Employment in industry > % of total employment 35.5%
Ranked 5th. 13% more than Romania
31.4%
Ranked 5th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -2,849,343,007.594
Ranked 75th.
-5,115,912,870.2
Ranked 83th. 80% more than Bulgaria

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 275.19$ per capita
Ranked 17th. 26% more than Romania
218.77$ per capita
Ranked 26th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 5.7%
Ranked 45th.
5.8%
Ranked 41st. 2% more than Bulgaria

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 46.27%
Ranked 52nd. 4% more than Romania
44.54%
Ranked 78th.

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 51.6%
Ranked 9th. 12% more than Romania
46.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 7.69%
Ranked 18th.
15.06%
Ranked 8th. 96% more than Bulgaria
One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14 10.5%
Ranked 40th.
25.4%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

One-person and family businesses > Men 9.8%
Ranked 35th.
31.2%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.4 ratio
Ranked 41st.
3.6 ratio
Ranked 7th. 50% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.6
Ranked 41st.
3.4
Ranked 22nd. 31% more than Bulgaria

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 64.2%
Ranked 54th. 52% more than Romania
42.2%
Ranked 63th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 25.2%
Ranked 21st. 6% more than Romania
23.8%
Ranked 24th.

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 96.22%
Ranked 114th.
112.77%
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Expense > % of GDP 31.51%
Ranked 41st.
33.88%
Ranked 33th. 8% more than Bulgaria

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 94.7%
Ranked 147th.
95.08%
Ranked 142nd. About the same as Bulgaria
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 79.93$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 31st. 66% more than Romania
48.02$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 42nd.

Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 93.57%
Ranked 137th. About the same as Romania
93.14%
Ranked 145th.
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 85.66%
Ranked 145th. 9% more than Romania
78.87%
Ranked 162nd.
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 4.3%
Ranked 34th.
30.1%
Ranked 9th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 90.32%
Ranked 17th. 23% more than Romania
73.17%
Ranked 70th.
Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 8.4%
Ranked 33th.
28.1%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 21.6%
Ranked 153th.
23.9%
Ranked 141st. 11% more than Bulgaria

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 46.6%
Ranked 146th.
52.3%
Ranked 122nd. 12% more than Bulgaria

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 6.6%
Ranked 47th.
31.8%
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 9.3%
Ranked 49th.
31.3%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 91.2%
Ranked 14th. 35% more than Romania
67.4%
Ranked 50th.

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 85.9%
Ranked 8th. 28% more than Romania
67.1%
Ranked 47th.

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 1.1%
Ranked 37th.
19.5%
Ranked 4th. 18 times more than Bulgaria

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 0.6%
Ranked 40th.
7%
Ranked 7th. 12 times more than Bulgaria

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 0.8%
Ranked 40th.
12.6%
Ranked 5th. 16 times more than Bulgaria

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 53.2%
Ranked 51st. 9% more than Romania
48.6%
Ranked 52nd.

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 13.5%
Ranked 18th. 78% more than Romania
7.6%
Ranked 43th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 12.3%
Ranked 21st. 76% more than Romania
7%
Ranked 48th.

Force with primary education > % of total 21.7%
Ranked 19th.
32.3%
Ranked 12th. 49% more than Bulgaria

Force > Total per 1000 401.89
Ranked 133th.
474.41
Ranked 60th. 18% more than Bulgaria

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 65.4%
Ranked 58th. 43% more than Romania
45.8%
Ranked 28th.

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 9.1%
Ranked 35th.
27.3%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 5.7%
Ranked 28th.
30.4%
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 7.5%
Ranked 36th.
28.7%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Employment in services > % of total employment 56.9%
Ranked 53th. 43% more than Romania
39.8%
Ranked 28th.

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 55.6%
Ranked 146th. 2% more than Romania
54.6%
Ranked 152nd.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 8.6%
Ranked 57th. 41% more than Romania
6.1%
Ranked 61st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 40.8%
Ranked 27th. 49% more than Romania
27.4%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 46.9%
Ranked 27th.
67.4%
Ranked 5th. 44% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 53.5
Ranked 5th. 39% more than Romania
38.4
Ranked 13th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 42.8%
Ranked 17th. 86% more than Romania
23%
Ranked 49th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 10.5%
Ranked 53th. 27% more than Romania
8.3%
Ranked 58th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 11.3%
Ranked 23th.
18.3%
Ranked 14th. 62% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 12.7%
Ranked 20th.
18.6%
Ranked 8th. 46% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 13.7%
Ranked 20th.
18.8%
Ranked 5th. 37% more than Bulgaria

SOURCES: International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); Wikipedia: List of sovereign states in Europe by minimum wage (Minimum wages by country); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a109, Part-time employment rate; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank staff estimates; ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a773#MDG, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a116, Percent own-account workers; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a772, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

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