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People Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Marriage rate: Number of marriages per 1,000 people per year
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Housing > Average people per household: Household size.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent of people aged 15-19 years who are or have been married or in a marriage-like union recognized by the law or customs of their country.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Romani population: The approximate number of Romani people within the nation. Note that "Gypsy" is not the preferred term. Data is for 1997. It is important to note the very great difficulties that attend any attempts to estimate ROmani numbers worldwide. Sources are often highly unreliable for a number of reasons. Jeremy Druker's discussion of these difficulties can be found at here. He concludes with the following: "With such obstacles against finding statistically sound figures, the best approach may be that of Mark Braham, author of the UNHCR report. He accompanied his chart of estimated Romani populations with the disclaimer: "It is doubtful that the numbers are less than shown; they might be twice as high."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning: Percentage of sexually active women who are able to but do not want to reproduce without access to family planning services.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Persons per room: The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing
  • Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces by couples living in urban areas. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Rural divorces per million people: Total number of divorces by couples living in rural areas. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Housing > Houses with kitchen: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, availability of kitchen and urban/rural location.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Rural marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in a household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Housing > Owner occupier households: Number of households owned by one or several members of the household.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities: Number of people who live in an urban household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces: Total number of divorces by couples living in urban areas.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19: Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, number of rooms and urban/rural location.
  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Housing > Occupants of rural houses with all facilities per thousand people: Number of people who live in a rural household with all of the following eight characteristics: located in a permanent building; access to a street or to common space; was intended to be occupied by one household; piped water within dwelling; toilet within dwelling; fixed bath or shower within dwelling; kitchen or space for cooking within dwelling. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes: Notes.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Migration > Asylum Seekers per million: Thousands of asylum seekers coming into a nation in 2001. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99 per million: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Male population > Age 90-94 per million: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 1985 - 2002 reported
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • The Holocaust > By country > Estimated Jewish population annihilated: Number of Jews killed in the Holocaust by country.
  • The Holocaust > By country > Estimated Jewish population annihilated per 1000: Number of Jews killed in the Holocaust by country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 100-104: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94 per 1000: Female population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000: Male population - Age 60-64, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Women > Contraceptive prevalence %: People - Women - Contraceptive prevalence (%) 1995-2002
  • Total population > Age 55-59: Total population - Age 55-59, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 40-44: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 15-19: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total: Total population - Age 85-89 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • HIV/AIDS > Deaths: This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people: Urban Areas Over 500,000. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000: Male population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009: Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures (% of population, average 1990-2009). Droughts, floods and extreme temperatures is the annual average percentage of the population that is affected by natural disasters classified as either droughts, floods, or extreme temperature events. A drought is an extended period of time characterized by a deficiency in a region's water supply that is the result of constantly below average precipitation. A drought can lead to losses to agriculture, affect inland navigation and hydropower plants, and cause a lack of drinking water and famine. A flood is a significant rise of water level in a stream, lake, reservoir or coastal region. Extreme temperature events are either cold waves or heat waves. A cold wave can be both a prolonged period of excessively cold weather and the sudden invasion of very cold air over a large area. Along with frost it can cause damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and property. A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot and sometimes also humid weather relative to normal climate patterns of a certain region. Population affected is the number of people injured, left homeless or requiring immediate assistance during a period of emergency resulting from a natural disaster; it can also include displaced or evacuated people. Average percentage of population affected is calculated by dividing the sum of total affected for the period stated by the sum of the annual population figures for the period stated.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people: Total number of females living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
  • Housing > Houses with kitchen per thousand people: Occupied housing units by type of housing unit, availability of kitchen and urban/rural location. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day (PPP) (% of population). Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.
  • Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+: Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+). Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Housing > Rural owner occupier households per thousand people: Number of rural households owned by one or several members of the household. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005
  • Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugee population by country or territory of asylum. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
  • Rural population growth > Annual %: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total: Total population - Age 15-19 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 95-99 > % of the total: Total population - Age 95-99 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males: People - Women - Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2000
  • Population ages 0-14 > % of total: Population ages 0 to 14 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 14.
  • Urban population growth > Annual %: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Female population > Age 50-54: Female population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total: Female population - Age 50-54 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total: Male population - Age 60-64 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Male population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population: Population in largest city is the percentage of a country's urban population living in that country's largest metropolitan area.
  • Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total: Total population - Age 90-94 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting (% of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths). Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000: Refugee population by country or territory of origin. Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • GNI per capita growth > Annual %: GNI per capita growth (annual %). Annual percentage growth rate of GNI per capita based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS: This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
    Additional details:
    • Bahrain: fewer than 600 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 100 (2007)
    • Bhutan: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Brunei: fewer than 200 (2003)
    • Comoros: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Croatia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Cyprus: fewer than 1,000 (2007)
    • Fiji: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iceland: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Iraq: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Luxembourg: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Macedonia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Maldives: fewer than 100 (2009)
    • Malta: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Mongolia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Qatar: fewer than 200 (2009)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 200 (2007)
    • Slovakia: fewer than 500 (2009)
    • Slovenia: fewer than 1,000 (2009)
    • Syria: fewer than 500 (2003)
    • Turkmenistan: fewer than 200 (2007)
  • Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP. Health expenditures are broadly defined as activities performed either by institutions or individuals through the application of medical, paramedical, and/or nursing knowledge and technology, the primary purpose of which is to promote, restore, or maintain health.
  • Total Population > Male per 1000: Total Population - Male, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 95-99 per million: Total population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000: Total population - Age 85-89, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000: Total population - Age 35-39, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000: Female population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000: Total population - Age 45-49, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000: Total population - Age 50-54, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Housing > Occupants of rural apartments or units per thousand people: Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 45.32 years
Ranked 104th.
47.43 years
Ranked 64th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.84%
Ranked 88th. 7% more than Romania
14.79%
Ranked 137th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 559,802
Ranked 134th.
1.86 million
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 11.09%
Ranked 85th. 6% more than Romania
10.5%
Ranked 126th.

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 72.65%
Ranked 108th.
77.24%
Ranked 90th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Birth rate 9.07 births/1,000 population
Ranked 206th.
9.4 births/1,000 population
Ranked 202nd. 4% more than Bulgaria

Death rate 14.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 8th. 21% more than Romania
11.86 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 30th.

Ethnic groups Bulgarian 76.9%, Turk 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian), other (unknown) 10% Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4%
Gender > Female population 1.77 million
Ranked 132nd.
6.32 million
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 1.64
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Romania
1.47
Ranked 25th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 26.2
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Romania
26
Ranked 17th.
Population 6.98 million
Ranked 101st.
21.79 million
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.323
Ranked 163th.
-0.437
Ranked 201st. 35% more than Bulgaria

Population growth -0.323%
Ranked 163th.
-0.437%
Ranked 201st. 35% more than Bulgaria

Population growth rate -0.81%
Ranked 228th. 3 times more than Romania
-0.27%
Ranked 214th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 391,804
Ranked 133th.
1.32 million
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 32.21%
Ranked 108th.
34.79%
Ranked 77th. 8% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 2.05 million
Ranked 132nd.
7.11 million
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 186,316
Ranked 133th.
613,075
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 23.7%
Ranked 71st. 24% more than Romania
19.1%
Ranked 99th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 51.95%
Ranked 90th. 3% more than Romania
50.41%
Ranked 109th.

Population in 2015 7,156 thousand
Ranked 102nd.
20,871 thousand
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 4.94 million
Ranked 17th.
6.45 million
Ranked 12th. 31% more than Bulgaria

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 14.7
Ranked 8th. 25% more than Romania
11.8
Ranked 31st.

Total fertility rate 1.43 children born/woman
Ranked 196th. 9% more than Romania
1.31 children born/woman
Ranked 210th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 26.23%
Ranked 108th.
28.78%
Ranked 82nd. 10% more than Bulgaria

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.44
Ranked 160th. 2% more than Romania
0.43
Ranked 164th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 14.2%
Ranked 213th.
14.7%
Ranked 206th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Gender > Male population 1.76 million
Ranked 131st.
6.28 million
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 1.14 million
Ranked 130th.
4.39 million
Ranked 87th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 57.92%
Ranked 89th. 3% more than Romania
56.42%
Ranked 107th.

Age structure > 65 years and over 18.9%
Ranked 10th. 25% more than Romania
15.1%
Ranked 43th.

Nationality > Noun Bulgarian(s) Romanian(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 45.29%
Ranked 108th.
51.02%
Ranked 84th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.27%
Ranked 79th. 8% more than Romania
4.86%
Ranked 134th.

Physicians density 3.76 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 6th. 57% more than Romania
2.39 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 19th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 11,947
Ranked 17th.
31,324
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 926,859
Ranked 131st.
3.63 million
Ranked 86th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 1.84 million
Ranked 133th.
6.35 million
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 361,681
Ranked 127th.
1.5 million
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Cities > Urban population 74,638
Ranked 98th. 12% more than Romania
66,383
Ranked 126th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 21.3 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 2nd.
27.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 4th. 31% more than Bulgaria
Nationality > Adjective Bulgarian Romanian
Sex ratio > Total population 0.92 male(s)/female
Ranked 210th.
0.95 male(s)/female
Ranked 173th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.57%
Ranked 92nd. 6% more than Romania
9.93%
Ranked 140th.

Sex ratio > At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 44th. The same as Romania
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 43th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 21,167
Ranked 32nd.
107,760
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 10.24%
Ranked 105th.
11.92%
Ranked 82nd. 16% more than Bulgaria

Marriage rate 6.7
Ranked 12th.
8.3
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Bulgaria
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 2.9
Ranked 49th.
5.05
Ranked 27th. 74% more than Bulgaria

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.06
Ranked 20th. About the same as Romania
1.06
Ranked 42nd.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 373,486
Ranked 135th.
1.25 million
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Migration > Net migration rate -3.41 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 147th. 26 times more than Romania
-0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 92nd.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 26.2
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Romania
26
Ranked 17th.
Future population change -11,505.4
Ranked 129th.
-55,626
Ranked 160th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Urban population 5.42 million
Ranked 75th.
11.62 million
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Urbanization in 2015 69.3%
Ranked 69th. 17% more than Romania
59.3%
Ranked 91st.
Migration > Net migration > Per capita -5,339.147 per 1 million people
Ranked 117th.
-12,480.153 per 1 million people
Ranked 135th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Median age > Total 42.3 years
Ranked 18th. 7% more than Romania
39.4 years
Ranked 47th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 74.08 years
Ranked 112th.
74.45 years
Ranked 108th. About the same as Bulgaria

Urban and rural > Urban population 5.34 million
Ranked 38th.
11.73 million
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Projected population growth -34.8%
Ranked 140th. 2 times more than Romania
-14.02%
Ranked 124th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 26.2
Ranked 16th.
26.6
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Age structure > 15-64 years 67.4%
Ranked 86th.
70.3%
Ranked 36th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Total population 98.4%
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Romania
97.7%
Ranked 72nd.

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 20.4%
Ranked 190th.
21.6%
Ranked 182nd. 6% more than Bulgaria
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 29.8
Ranked 14th. The same as Romania
29.8
Ranked 13th.
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.36%
Ranked 88th. 4% more than Romania
26.22%
Ranked 162nd.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 679,143
Ranked 134th.
2.34 million
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Housing > Average people per household 2.7
Ranked 9th.
2.9
Ranked 7th. 7% more than Bulgaria
Percentage living in urban areas 70%
Ranked 61st. 27% more than Romania
55%
Ranked 108th.
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks 3,408 (2001 census) (Republic of Bulgaria: National Statistical Institute: ) – 28,500 (Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: ) 6,513 (2002 census) (ClubAfaceri: ) – 14,000 (est.) <ref name="Globe" />
Migration > Net migration -41,325
Ranked 117th.
-270,000
Ranked 154th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

Population > CIA Factbook 7.26 million
Ranked 96th.
22.25 million
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Teenage pregancy rate 41.6
Ranked 87th. 36% more than Romania
30.68
Ranked 106th.

Population density 70.19
Ranked 107th.
93.58
Ranked 87th. 33% more than Bulgaria

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 72nd.
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Percentage living in rural areas. 30%
Ranked 137th.
45%
Ranked 90th. 50% more than Bulgaria
Infant mortality rate > Total 15.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 105th. 49% more than Romania
10.44 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 142nd.

Age structure > 25-54 years 42.3%
Ranked 84th.
45.5%
Ranked 34th. 8% more than Bulgaria
Urban and rural > Rural population 2.01 million
Ranked 48th.
9.63 million
Ranked 21st. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.71
Ranked 43th. 3% more than Romania
0.691
Ranked 69th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 10.5%
Ranked 217th.
11.8%
Ranked 204th. 12% more than Bulgaria
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.219
Ranked 109th.
0.327
Ranked 93th. 49% more than Bulgaria
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 726.2
Ranked 21st. 32% more than Romania
548.39
Ranked 43th.

Rural population 2.32 million
Ranked 102nd.
10.02 million
Ranked 47th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 2,745
Ranked 66th.
4,358
Ranked 63th. 59% more than Bulgaria

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 101.25 million
Ranked 74th.
310 million
Ranked 52nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.51
Ranked 167th. 21% more than Romania
1.25
Ranked 192nd.

Age structure > 55-64 years 14.1%
Ranked 12th. 8% more than Romania
13%
Ranked 29th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 49th. The same as Romania
18
Ranked 48th.
Gender > Female population per thousand people 503.32
Ranked 92nd.
522.72
Ranked 12th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Future population > Males 2.99 million
Ranked 113th.
9.12 million
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 61st. The same as Romania
14 years
Ranked 60th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.6
Ranked 185th. 4% more than Romania
9.2
Ranked 191st.

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.97
Ranked 161st.
1
Ranked 103th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 3.48
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Romania
1.21
Ranked 21st.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 49.2%
Ranked 126th. 14% more than Romania
43.3%
Ranked 163th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 67.69 sq. km
Ranked 126th.
92.91 sq. km
Ranked 97th. 37% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 670.29
Ranked 66th.
715.35
Ranked 18th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 30th. 19% more than Romania
84% of population
Ranked 99th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 116.71
Ranked 183th.
140.07
Ranked 158th. 20% more than Bulgaria

Marriage > Percent married > All > Female > Aged 15-19 10%
Ranked 6th. 16% more than Romania
8.6%
Ranked 6th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.89 years
Ranked 95th.
78.13 years
Ranked 92nd. About the same as Bulgaria

Hospital bed density 6.5 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 9th. 3% more than Romania
6.3 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 11th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 69.2%
Ranked 7th.
69.8%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Contraceptive prevalence rate 69.2%
Ranked 27th.
69.8%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.5
Ranked 189th.
4.6
Ranked 164th. 31% more than Bulgaria
Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 273.8
Ranked 50th.
450.19
Ranked 26th. 64% more than Bulgaria

Romani population 500,000 - 800,000 1,410,000 - 2,500,000
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 23th. The same as Romania
18
Ranked 11th.
Urbanization 67
Ranked 70th. 22% more than Romania
55
Ranked 110th.
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 28.8%
Ranked 7th. 33% more than Romania
21.7%
Ranked 32nd.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.68 male(s)/female
Ranked 183th. The same as Romania
0.68 male(s)/female
Ranked 182nd.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 10.5
Ranked 127th.
10.7
Ranked 126th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 249.93
Ranked 6th. 22% more than Romania
204.14
Ranked 28th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 5,393
Ranked 75th. 5 times more than Romania
1,069
Ranked 100th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Women denied family planning 29.7%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Romania
11.9%
Ranked 11th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 130.61
Ranked 189th.
153.11
Ranked 165th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Population in largest city 1.09 million
Ranked 101st.
1.93 million
Ranked 63th. 77% more than Bulgaria

Population, total 7.3 million
Ranked 99th.
21.33 million
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Gender ratio > Whole population 106.1%
Ranked 30th. 1% more than Romania
105.3%
Ranked 38th.

Literacy > Female 98%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Romania
97.1%
Ranked 29th.

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 172,094
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Romania
75,746
Ranked 32nd.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 0.706 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th. 10 times more than Romania
0.072 per 1,000 people
Ranked 100th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 70.49 years
Ranked 121st.
70.99 years
Ranked 116th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Net migration -50,000
Ranked 134th. 11% more than Romania
-44,999
Ranked 130th.

Persons per room 1
Ranked 31st.
1.3
Ranked 17th. 30% more than Bulgaria
Marriage > Percent married > All > Male > Aged 15-19 2%
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Romania
0.3%
Ranked 8th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces per thousand people 1.2
Ranked 16th. 2% more than Romania
1.18
Ranked 17th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Rural divorces per million people 235.7
Ranked 21st.
496.99
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Maternal mortality rate 11 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 151st.
27 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 126th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Migration > Asylum Seekers 2.4
Ranked 23th. The same as Romania
2.4
Ranked 22nd.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 162,540
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Romania
67,475
Ranked 32nd.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.01 million
Ranked 40th.
4.82 million
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.953
Ranked 155th.
1.03
Ranked 56th. 9% more than Bulgaria

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.25
Ranked 84th.
0.265
Ranked 79th. 6% more than Bulgaria
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 37.11
Ranked 98th. 20% more than Romania
30.94
Ranked 109th.

Languages Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Roma 3.8%, other 0.7%, other (unknown) 10.5% Romanian (official) 91%, Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 600.2
Ranked 111th.
662.5
Ranked 28th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 45.19
Ranked 186th.
51.34
Ranked 170th. 14% more than Bulgaria

Rural population per 1000 300
Ranked 134th.
463
Ranked 90th. 54% more than Bulgaria

Future population > Females 3.24 million
Ranked 109th.
9.74 million
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 9
Ranked 137th.
60
Ranked 105th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 26.6%
Ranked 32nd. 12% more than Romania
23.7%
Ranked 38th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 14 years
Ranked 61st. The same as Romania
14 years
Ranked 60th.
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 38.58
Ranked 23th. 21% more than Romania
31.8
Ranked 40th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 8.5
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Romania
2.6
Ranked 14th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages per thousand people 2.27
Ranked 25th.
3.18
Ranked 19th. 40% more than Bulgaria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 25.2%
Ranked 18th. 6% more than Romania
23.8%
Ranked 21st.

Gender > Male population per thousand people 477.42
Ranked 173th.
497.03
Ranked 98th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Housing > Houses with kitchen 1.92 million
Ranked 6th.
5.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.6%
Ranked 13th.
3.5%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 21.1 years
Ranked 2nd.
24.1 years
Ranked 11th. 14% more than Bulgaria
Education expenditures 4.6% of GDP
Ranked 52nd. 7% more than Romania
4.3% of GDP
Ranked 61st.

Number of infant deaths 1,000
Ranked 114th.
2,000
Ranked 98th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Number of under-five deaths 1,000
Ranked 118th.
3,000
Ranked 92nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

GDP per capita > Current US$ $6,978.05
Ranked 75th.
$9,036.04
Ranked 67th. 29% more than Bulgaria

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 9.95e-06
Ranked 112th. 4 times more than Romania
2.47e-06
Ranked 161st.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 5.42 million
Ranked 71st.
11.69 million
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 179.84
Ranked 8th. 19% more than Romania
151.3
Ranked 27th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 1,295
Ranked 77th.
18,948
Ranked 41st. 15 times more than Bulgaria
Marriage, divorce and children > Rural marriages per thousand people 0.646
Ranked 23th.
1.76
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 12.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 115th. 37% more than Romania
8.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 137th.

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 31 May 1990 26 Jan 1990
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Female > Aged 15-19 6.9%
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Romania
1.8%
Ranked 7th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 68.6%
Ranked 52nd.
69.7%
Ranked 39th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Housing > Occupants of houses with all facilities 6.82 million
Ranked 6th. 12% more than Romania
6.11 million
Ranked 3rd.
Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 1
Ranked 68th. The same as Romania
1
Ranked 67th.
Gender ratio > Babies 94.6%
Ranked 141st. About the same as Romania
94.4%
Ranked 151st.

Urban population per 1000 700.01
Ranked 56th. 30% more than Romania
537
Ranked 100th.

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Female > Aged 15-19 20.2%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Romania
7.4%
Ranked 6th.

Urban and rural > Male rural population 998,642
Ranked 40th.
4.8 million
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Urban and rural > Male urban population 2.58 million
Ranked 32nd.
5.59 million
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Urban and rural > Female urban population 2.76 million
Ranked 32nd.
6.14 million
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Median age > Both sexes 41.6
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Romania
38.1
Ranked 47th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 520,962
Ranked 56th.
1.34 million
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 514,238
Ranked 118th.
1.78 million
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Housing > Owner occupier households 2,291
Ranked 12th.
6.81 million
Ranked 1st. 2973 times more than Bulgaria
Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population SOFIA (capital) 1.174 million BUCHAREST (capital) 1.933 million
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 14 years
Ranked 55th.
15 years
Ranked 41st. 7% more than Bulgaria

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.141 per capita
Ranked 61st. 58% more than Romania
0.089 per capita
Ranked 87th.

Literacy > Male 98.7%
Ranked 60th. About the same as Romania
98.3%
Ranked 69th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 18.67 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 102nd. 58% more than Romania
11.82 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 136th.

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 0.0
Ranked 94th.
0.0
Ranked 93th.
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 27.6%
Ranked 24th. 16% more than Romania
23.7%
Ranked 36th.

Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 11th. 39% more than Romania
72% of population
Ranked 87th.

Housing > Occupants of urban houses with all facilities 5 million
Ranked 6th.
6.02 million
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than Bulgaria
Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.137
Ranked 107th. 46% more than Romania
0.0938
Ranked 116th.

Total Population per capita 0.954
Ranked 167th.
1.03
Ranked 66th. 8% more than Bulgaria
Marriage > Percent married > Urban > Male > Aged 15-19 1.4%
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Romania
0.2%
Ranked 9th.

Gender ratio > Urban population 107.3%
Ranked 22nd.
108.5%
Ranked 16th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 67.46
Ranked 199th.
82.69
Ranked 169th. 23% more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 17.6%
Ranked 10th. 20% more than Romania
14.7%
Ranked 34th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 53th.
1.3%
Ranked 19th. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 23th. The same as Romania
18
Ranked 11th.
Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 4%
Ranked 138th. The same as Romania
4%
Ranked 137th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 134.8
Ranked 40th.
136.7
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 171.3
Ranked 80th.
181.9
Ranked 64th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Religions Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim (Sunni) 7.4%, Muslim (Shia) 0.4%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Judaism) 1.7%, other (unknown) 27.4%, none 3.7% Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1%
Urban population > Per capita 0.7 per capita
Ranked 58th. 30% more than Romania
0.537 per capita
Ranked 103th.

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 196.96
Ranked 92nd.
212.38
Ranked 74th. 8% more than Bulgaria

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.299
Ranked 105th.
0.3
Ranked 104th. About the same as Bulgaria
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 4.61
Ranked 24th.
4.77
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than Bulgaria

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 1.09 million
Ranked 101st.
1.93 million
Ranked 66th. 77% more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Urban divorces 8,849
Ranked 15th.
25,152
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Gender development 0.778
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Romania
0.773
Ranked 53th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 69.2%
Ranked 7th.
69.8%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 22.3%
Ranked 5th.
22.6%
Ranked 4th. 1% more than Bulgaria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 14 years
Ranked 58th. The same as Romania
14 years
Ranked 57th.
Median age > Male 40 years
Ranked 26th. 5% more than Romania
38 years
Ranked 44th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 23th.
15 years
Ranked 18th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 2
Ranked 12th. 20 times more than Romania
0.1
Ranked 17th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 14 years
Ranked 22nd.
15 years
Ranked 17th. 7% more than Bulgaria
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.17 million
Ranked 99th.
9.79 million
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Marriage > Percent married > Rural > Male > Aged 15-19 3.8%
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Romania
0.3%
Ranked 9th.

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 102.6
Ranked 12th. 2% more than Romania
100.9
Ranked 20th.

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 107.3
Ranked 22nd.
108.5
Ranked 16th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 332.25
Ranked 70th.
362.15
Ranked 21st. 9% more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 755,210
Ranked 54th.
1.93 million
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 13.8%
Ranked 213th.
15.6%
Ranked 196th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 99.06
Ranked 18th. 10% more than Romania
89.86
Ranked 29th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 10%
Ranked 116th.
20%
Ranked 81st. Twice as much as Bulgaria
Housing > Number of rooms > Houses with 1 room 219,892
Ranked 4th.
794,029
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 15-19 231,102
Ranked 110th.
804,309
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Median age > Female 44.4 years
Ranked 9th. 8% more than Romania
41 years
Ranked 45th.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 2,857.79
Ranked 88th. 44% more than Romania
1,978.04
Ranked 103th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization -0.3%
Ranked 215th. 3 times more than Romania
-0.1%
Ranked 209th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 12th. 14% more than Romania
88% of population
Ranked 109th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 418.58 per 1 million people
Ranked 63th. 96% more than Romania
213.78 per 1 million people
Ranked 81st.

Housing > Occupants of rural houses with all facilities per thousand people 247.68
Ranked 8th. 56 times more than Romania
4.39
Ranked 4th.
Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 223.65
Ranked 176th.
256.53
Ranked 86th. 15% more than Bulgaria

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 13.3
Ranked 127th.
13.5
Ranked 126th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Notes 16 with parental consent and permission of the local court but the other partner must be 18 or older. url= http://www.e-juridic.ro/index.php?pag=a&amp;id=130&amp;s=Codul familiei&amp;aid=1047 |title=Codul familiei - Incheierea casatoriei |publisher=E-juridic.ro |date= |accessdate=2008-10-27}}&lt;/ref&gt;
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa not required
Future population > Males per thousand people 479.08
Ranked 135th.
479.36
Ranked 134th. The same as Bulgaria
International migrant stock, total 107,245
Ranked 124th.
132,757
Ranked 115th. 24% more than Bulgaria

International migrant stock, total per 1000 14.23
Ranked 158th. 2 times more than Romania
6.19
Ranked 179th.

Migration > Asylum Seekers per million 0.299
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Romania
0.108
Ranked 26th.
Male population > Age 95-99 per million 79.98
Ranked 37th.
118.84
Ranked 33th. 49% more than Bulgaria
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 32
Ranked 121st.
49
Ranked 110th. 53% more than Bulgaria
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 6,000
Ranked 42nd.
17,000
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 5,900
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Romania
2,600
Ranked 47th.

Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 45
Ranked 108th. 3 times more than Romania
18
Ranked 135th.
Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0382
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Romania
0.0138
Ranked 113th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 4,162
Ranked 33th.
8,666
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 3.6%
Ranked 2nd. 12 times more than Romania
0.3%
Ranked 3rd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 489,608
Ranked 118th.
1.69 million
Ranked 78th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 68.34
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Romania
62.19
Ranked 26th.

Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 15,955
Ranked 65th.
82,645
Ranked 20th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 31%
Ranked 119th.
34%
Ranked 114th. 10% more than Bulgaria
Male population > Age 90-94 per million 607.63
Ranked 35th.
646.79
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Bulgaria
Total Population > Female 3.83 million
Ranked 94th.
11.43 million
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 104,076
Ranked 117th.
133,496
Ranked 106th. 28% more than Bulgaria

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Males 24.9 years
Ranked 2nd.
27.4 years
Ranked 11th. 10% more than Bulgaria
Future population > Females per thousand people 512.56
Ranked 66th. 1% more than Romania
507.09
Ranked 76th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > Reported 15
Ranked 121st.
34
Ranked 103th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 141.1
Ranked 45th.
142.7
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 171.3
Ranked 80th.
181.9
Ranked 64th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 134.8%
Ranked 40th.
136.7%
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Bulgaria

The Holocaust > By country > Estimated Jewish population annihilated 14,000
Ranked 10th.
300,000
Ranked 3rd. 21 times more than Bulgaria
The Holocaust > By country > Estimated Jewish population annihilated per 1000 1.56
Ranked 10th.
13.12
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than Bulgaria
Population decline > By specific countries > Year 2006 2006
Total population > Age 100-104 101
Ranked 44th.
288
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Male population > Age 25-29 284,347
Ranked 96th.
970,815
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 31.39
Ranked 181st.
38.6
Ranked 149th. 23% more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 61.25
Ranked 181st.
75.77
Ranked 149th. 24% more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 34.98
Ranked 107th.
41.8
Ranked 31st. 19% more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 22.79
Ranked 196th.
27.07
Ranked 182nd. 19% more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 29.86
Ranked 181st.
37.18
Ranked 148th. 25% more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 46.66
Ranked 197th.
55.53
Ranked 183th. 19% more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 25-29 270,530
Ranked 96th.
936,148
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 90-94 per 1000 1.29
Ranked 37th. The same as Romania
1.29
Ranked 38th.
Male population > Age 60-64 per 1000 26.21
Ranked 17th. 27% more than Romania
20.67
Ranked 44th.
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females per 1000 64.22
Ranked 198th.
78.45
Ranked 170th. 22% more than Bulgaria

Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 42
Ranked 105th.
64
Ranked 49th. 52% more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 55-59 543,896
Ranked 61st.
1.33 million
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 40-44 242,909
Ranked 84th.
607,030
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Male population > Age 15-19 242,973
Ranked 110th.
835,030
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Male population > Age 90-94 4,703
Ranked 31st.
13,993
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 85-89 > % of the total 0.76
Ranked 39th. 36% more than Romania
0.56
Ranked 48th.
HIV/AIDS > Deaths fewer than 200 fewer than 1,000
Cities > Urban areas over 500,000 per million people 0.143
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than Romania
0.0459
Ranked 125th.
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males per 1000 321.35
Ranked 104th.
358.76
Ranked 27th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Male population > Age 20-24 per 1000 34.21
Ranked 165th.
38.43
Ranked 143th. 12% more than Bulgaria
Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures > % of population, average 1990-2009 0.00855%
Ranked 138th.
0.085%
Ranked 107th. 10 times more than Bulgaria
Urban and rural > Female urban population per thousand people 375.21
Ranked 20th. 31% more than Romania
286.98
Ranked 38th.

Population growth > Annual % -0.53%
Ranked 188th. 2 times more than Romania
-0.23%
Ranked 180th.

Housing > Houses with kitchen per thousand people 261.69
Ranked 9th.
265.86
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $0.41%
Ranked 36th.
$1.79%
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Labor participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15+ 58.8%
Ranked 175th.
64.7%
Ranked 161st. 10% more than Bulgaria

Housing > Rural owner occupier households per thousand people 0.122
Ranked 14th.
148.22
Ranked 2nd. 1212 times more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 10-14 361,137
Ranked 115th.
1.2 million
Ranked 72nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 5,688
Ranked 79th. 6 times more than Romania
1,005
Ranked 108th.

Rural population growth > Annual % -1.26%
Ranked 173th.
0.16%
Ranked 110th.

Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 6.42
Ranked 193th.
7.35
Ranked 172nd. 14% more than Bulgaria
Total population 7.39 million
Ranked 95th.
22.3 million
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 95-99 > % of the total 0.03
Ranked 42nd. The same as Romania
0.03
Ranked 39th.
Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 99
Ranked 39th. 1% more than Romania
98
Ranked 51st.
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 13.76%
Ranked 182nd.
15.44%
Ranked 168th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Urban population growth > Annual % -0.21%
Ranked 185th.
-0.57%
Ranked 187th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Female population > Age 50-54 274,301
Ranked 65th.
802,348
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.71
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Romania
3.6
Ranked 23th.
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.75
Ranked 14th. 38% more than Romania
2
Ranked 54th.
Male population > Age 80-84 per 1000 8.54
Ranked 23th. 23% more than Romania
6.95
Ranked 40th.
Density and urbanisation > Population in the largest city > % of urban population 21.99%
Ranked 74th. 33% more than Romania
16.54%
Ranked 91st.

Total population > Age 90-94 > % of the total 0.2
Ranked 38th. 5% more than Romania
0.19
Ranked 39th.
Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 96.9%
Ranked 32nd.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Bulgaria

Female population > Age 25-29 per 1000 34.95
Ranked 150th.
43.27
Ranked 51st. 24% more than Bulgaria
Refugee population by country or territory of origin per 1000 0.317
Ranked 77th. 98% more than Romania
0.16
Ranked 97th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 13 years
Ranked 65th.
14 years
Ranked 51st. 8% more than Bulgaria

Density and urbanisation > Rural population > % of total population 28.6%
Ranked 135th.
45.58%
Ranked 89th. 59% more than Bulgaria

GNI per capita growth > Annual % 2.64%
Ranked 46th.
3.09%
Ranked 40th. 17% more than Bulgaria

HIV/AIDS > People living with HIV/AIDS 3,800
Ranked 119th.
16,000
Ranked 83th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Health expenditures 7.6% of GDP
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Romania
5.9% of GDP
Ranked 11th.

Total Population > Male per 1000 458.79
Ranked 175th.
502.48
Ranked 84th. 10% more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 95-99 per million 272.74
Ranked 42nd.
320.88
Ranked 39th. 18% more than Bulgaria
Gender ratio > Aged over 65 > Women per 100 men 141.1
Ranked 45th.
142.7
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Total population > Age 85-89 per 1000 7.28
Ranked 36th. 26% more than Romania
5.77
Ranked 43th.
Total population > Age 70-74 per 1000 47.78
Ranked 4th. 11% more than Romania
43.05
Ranked 14th.
Total population > Age 35-39 per 1000 64.64
Ranked 121st.
89.3
Ranked 12th. 38% more than Bulgaria
Female population > Age 40-44 per 1000 31.38
Ranked 100th. 12% more than Romania
28.06
Ranked 122nd.
Total population > Age 45-49 per 1000 65.19
Ranked 66th.
69
Ranked 53th. 6% more than Bulgaria
Total population > Age 50-54 per 1000 67.8
Ranked 31st.
71.93
Ranked 21st. 6% more than Bulgaria
Housing > Occupants of rural apartments or units per thousand people 267.89
Ranked 11th.
467.5
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than Bulgaria

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a22, Percent ever married or in union among persons aged 15-19; United Nations Statistics Division. 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Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; T