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Education Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

Definitions

  • Adult literacy rate > Total: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Literacy > Adult literacy: Adult literacy rate (%).
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Adult literacy rate > Female: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Literacy rate > People aged 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Literacy rate > Females aged 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school enrolment rate > Female: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Literacy rate > Males aged 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 30 to 34. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Progression to secondary school: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 35 to 39. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged over 100 per million people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 10 to 14. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Men above 14 years: Percent of male population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 20 to 24. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 15 to 19. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 50 to 54. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 85-89 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged over 100 per million people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Homeschooling prevalance: Prevalence of homeschooling.
  • High school enrolment rate > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Women above 14 years: Percent of female population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds: Literacy gender parity rate of 15-24 year olds in each country. This number is achieved by dividing the total amount of females who are literate by the total amount of males who are literate. Numbers below 1 mean that more males are literate, while numbers over 1 indicate that more females are literate, with the difference in the numbers indicating to what extent this is true. For instance, in Chad (with a parity rate of .42%) a substantial amount of more males are literate than females. These numbers are only for 15-24 year olds.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females: Number of female entrants in the last grade of primary education (regardless of age) expressed as a percentage of the female population at entrance age to the last grade.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Repitition rate > Secondary level: Repetition rate is the percentage of secondary school pupils who are currently enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year.
  • Library members per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library employees per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Progression to secondary level: Progression to secondary level is the number of new entrants to the first grade of general secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals aged over 10. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people:

    Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are illiterate.

    . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 90-94: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy rate > Adult male > % of males ages 15 and above: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 75-79: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 70-74: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 85-89: Number of females aged 85-89 years, who are illiterate.
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10: Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 80-84 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Literacy rate > Adult total > % of people ages 15 and above: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Literacy > Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24: Ratio of young literate females to males (% ages 15-24). Gender parity index for youth literacy rate is the ratio of female youth literacy rate to male youth literacy rate. It is calculated by dividing the female value for the indicator by the male value for the indicator. A GPI equal to 1 indicates parity between females and males. In general, a value less than 1 indicates disparity in favor of males and a value greater than 1 indicates disparity in favor of females.
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above: Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above). Adult (15+) literacy rate (%). Total is the percentage of the population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of literates aged 15 years and over by the corresponding age group population and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates in the age range 45 to 49. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 10 to 14. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 30 to 34. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 50 to 54. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 40 to 44. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 90-94 per million people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 95-99 per million people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 95 to 99. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male iliterate individuals, in the age range 55 to 59. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 15 to 19. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 75-79 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 90-94 per million people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 90 to 94. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy rate > Youth male > % of males ages 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Literacy rate > Adult female > % of females ages 15 and above: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 50-54: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 30 to 34. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged over 100: Number of people older than 100 years who are literate.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 80-84: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 80 to 84. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 15-19: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Repitition rate > Primary level: Repetition rate is the percentage of primary school pupils who are currently enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % net: School enrollment, primary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Female is the ratio of female children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the female population of the official primary school age.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, male (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Male is the share of male children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 80-84: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 65 to 69. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 65-69: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 85-89 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 85 to 89. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • Repeaters, secondary, female > % of female enrollment: Repeaters, secondary, female (% of female enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in secondary. All grades. Female is the number of female students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all female students enrolled in secondary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of female repeaters in all grades of secondary education by the total female enrolment of secondary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 10-14: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 10 to 14. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 95-99: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 95 to 99. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 95-99: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 95 to 99. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 60 to 64. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 90-94 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 70 to 74. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers > % female: Secondary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Secondary is the number of female teachers at the secondary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the secondary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 90-94 per million people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 90 to 94. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment: Repeaters, primary, female (% of female enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Female is the number of female students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all female students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of female repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total female enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Progression to secondary school > %: Progression to secondary school (%). Transition from primary (ISCED 1) to secondary (ISCED 2), general programmes (%). Total is the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary education (general programmes only) in a given year, expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils enrolled in the final grade of primary education in the previous year.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the total male enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Progression to secondary school, female > %: Progression to secondary school, female (%). Transition from primary (ISCED 1) to secondary (ISCED 2), general programmes (%). Female is the number of new female entrants to the first grade of secondary education (general programmes only) in a given year, expressed as a percentage of the number of female pupils enrolled in the final grade of primary education in the previous year.
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Adult literacy rate > Total 98.3
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Romania
97.6
Ranked 32nd.

Children out of school, primary 4,957
Ranked 82nd.
103,975
Ranked 34th. 21 times more than Bulgaria

Children out of school, primary per 1000 0.675
Ranked 95th.
4.86
Ranked 53th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

Children out of school, primary, female 2,085
Ranked 77th.
52,749
Ranked 32nd. 25 times more than Bulgaria

College and university > Gender parity index 1.31
Ranked 48th.
1.35
Ranked 41st. 3% more than Bulgaria

Compulsary education duration 8
Ranked 141st.
10
Ranked 51st. 25% more than Bulgaria

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 4.1%
Ranked 78th.
4.24%
Ranked 82nd. 3% more than Bulgaria

High school enrolment rate 94.81
Ranked 50th.
97.31
Ranked 40th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Homeschooling legal status Illegal, public education is mandatory. Only children with special needs may be homeschooled under strict government control. Legal under restrictive conditions. Children with disabilities, special needs or whose condition does not allow them to be physically present in a school may be home-schooled, under the supervision of an accredited teacher.
Literacy > Total population 98.6%
Ranked 33th. About the same as Romania
98.4%
Ranked 38th.

Primary education, duration > Years 4
Ranked 187th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 186th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 1.99
Ranked 132nd.
2.22
Ranked 128th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.46
Ranked 74th. 1% more than Romania
17.37
Ranked 75th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 12.3
Ranked 65th.
12.96
Ranked 61st. 5% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, duration > Years 8
Ranked 7th. The same as Romania
8
Ranked 6th.

College and university > Share of total education spending 14.81%
Ranked 82nd.
28.28%
Ranked 17th. 91% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Female 98.2%
Ranked 34th. 1% more than Romania
97.7%
Ranked 40th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 0.284
Ranked 88th.
2.47
Ranked 50th. 9 times more than Bulgaria

College and university > Gender ratio 130.31
Ranked 37th.
134.3
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 9th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 8th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 7.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th. 2% more than Romania
7.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 38th.

Duration of compulsory education 8 years
Ranked 104th. The same as Romania
8 years
Ranked 103th.
Secondary education, pupils 523,355
Ranked 72nd.
1.78 million
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

College and university > Private school share 20.1%
Ranked 59th.
31.31%
Ranked 43th. 56% more than Bulgaria

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.98
Ranked 86th. The same as Romania
0.98
Ranked 85th.

School life expectancy > Total 12.7 years
Ranked 41st. 9% more than Romania
11.6 years
Ranked 50th.
Literacy > Adult literacy 98.3%
Ranked 23th. 1% more than Romania
97.6%
Ranked 26th.

Primary education, pupils 255,086
Ranked 103th.
825,962
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Primary education, teachers 14,608
Ranked 83th.
47,560
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Adult literacy rate > Female 97.9
Ranked 27th. 1% more than Romania
96.9
Ranked 31st.

Tertiary enrollment 40.8%
Ranked 30th. 49% more than Romania
27.3%
Ranked 47th.
Spending per student > College and university 20.12
Ranked 41st.
26.68
Ranked 27th. 33% more than Bulgaria

High school > Gender ratio 96.5
Ranked 78th.
98.98
Ranked 65th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 10th. The same as Romania
7
Ranked 13th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 1.67
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than Romania
0.606
Ranked 79th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 4
Ranked 18th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 17th.

Literacy > Male 99.1%
Ranked 21st. The same as Romania
99.1%
Ranked 20th.

Spending > USD 1.95 billion
Ranked 60th.
6.77 billion
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

High school > Private school share 1.12%
Ranked 115th.
1.82%
Ranked 105th. 62% more than Bulgaria

Spending > Proportion 4.05
Ranked 82nd. 19% more than Romania
3.4
Ranked 112th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 16.75
Ranked 109th.
17.48
Ranked 105th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 97th. The same as Romania
3
Ranked 96th.

High school repeaters > Male 2.39
Ranked 63th.
2.67
Ranked 60th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 98.2%
Ranked 12th. About the same as Romania
97.8%
Ranked 6th.

Preschool enrollment rate 101.27
Ranked 82nd. 1% more than Romania
99.83
Ranked 88th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 24,411.59
Ranked 36th.
28,283.51
Ranked 29th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Primary completion rate 98
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Romania
93
Ranked 75th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 230,513
Ranked 55th.
643,911
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 429
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Romania
424
Ranked 46th.
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 4
Ranked 197th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 196th.

Children out of school > Primary 10,092
Ranked 76th.
46,827
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 5.79
Ranked 50th.
6.41
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, teachers 42,557
Ranked 43th.
137,170
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 12.3
Ranked 81st.
18.04
Ranked 46th. 47% more than Bulgaria

High school > Lower secondary school duration 4
Ranked 33th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 32nd.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.391
Ranked 88th.
2.4
Ranked 51st. 6 times more than Bulgaria

Spending per student > High school 22.27
Ranked 25th. 31% more than Romania
16.98
Ranked 41st.

Secondary education, general pupils 365,043
Ranked 76th.
1.2 million
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ 1.4%
Ranked 118th.
1.6%
Ranked 116th. 14% more than Bulgaria

High school > Gender parity index 0.955
Ranked 108th.
0.989
Ranked 83th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 429
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Romania
424
Ranked 46th.
Scientific and technical journal articles 829
Ranked 45th.
988
Ranked 41st. 19% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 430
Ranked 45th. 2% more than Romania
423
Ranked 47th.
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 49%
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Romania
46%
Ranked 8th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 8.56%
Ranked 38th. 3 times more than Romania
3.24%
Ranked 78th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 29.3
Ranked 53th.
29.53
Ranked 50th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 16th. The same as Romania
7
Ranked 15th.

Children out of school, primary, male 2,872
Ranked 72nd.
51,226
Ranked 31st. 18 times more than Bulgaria

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 4.4%
Ranked 68th. 26% more than Romania
3.5%
Ranked 86th.

High school > Students per teacher 12.3
Ranked 67th.
12.96
Ranked 63th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education > General pupils 496,064
Ranked 68th.
1.48 million
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Spending per student > Elementary school 23.52
Ranked 12th. 15% more than Romania
20.39
Ranked 24th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 11
Ranked 147th. The same as Romania
11
Ranked 146th.

High school starting age > Years 11
Ranked 130th. The same as Romania
11
Ranked 129th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 2.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 134th.
2.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st. 10% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 24.43
Ranked 13th.
35.77
Ranked 11th. 46% more than Bulgaria
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 333,016
Ranked 114th.
990,807
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 90.9%
Ranked 25th. 9% more than Romania
83.4%
Ranked 32nd.

Elementary school graduate rate 93.69
Ranked 41st. About the same as Romania
93.29
Ranked 42nd.

Literacy rate > People aged 15-24 97.3
Ranked 54th. The same as Romania
97.3
Ranked 53th.

Schools connected to the Internet 60%
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Romania
57%
Ranked 22nd.
Public spending per student > Primary level 15.2
Ranked 32nd.
19.9
Ranked 4th. 31% more than Bulgaria
Primary education, pupils per 1000 34.71
Ranked 154th.
38.62
Ranked 147th. 11% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 71.22
Ranked 101st.
83.13
Ranked 66th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.16
Ranked 68th.
1.26
Ranked 50th. 9% more than Bulgaria

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ 89,800
Ranked 105th.
300,300
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.96
Ranked 117th.
1.01
Ranked 75th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 461.11
Ranked 4th. 4% more than Romania
442.72
Ranked 3rd.
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 29.29 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st.
29.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 49th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 3.32
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Romania
1.32
Ranked 103th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 33th.
8
Ranked 7th. 14% more than Bulgaria

Teacher student ratio > High school 11.48
Ranked 66th.
12.73
Ranked 57th. 11% more than Bulgaria

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 1.3
Ranked 93th.
2.16
Ranked 81st. 66% more than Bulgaria

Inequality adjusted index 0.76
Ranked 34th.
0.779
Ranked 31st. 2% more than Bulgaria
High school repeaters > Female 1.45
Ranked 62nd. 17% more than Romania
1.24
Ranked 66th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 61,500
Ranked 102nd.
221,400
Ranked 82nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 16.07
Ranked 88th. 1% more than Romania
15.86
Ranked 91st.

Literacy rate > Females aged 15-24 97.3
Ranked 57th.
97.5
Ranked 55th. About the same as Bulgaria

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 92.3%
Ranked 42nd.
94.9%
Ranked 35th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Elementary school > Enrolled students 262,701
Ranked 98th.
865,175
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Primary education > Duration > Years 4 years
Ranked 178th. The same as Romania
4 years
Ranked 177th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $2,608.66
Ranked 37th.
$2,631.21
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Bulgaria

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 107.21
Ranked 41st. 7% more than Romania
100.01
Ranked 70th.

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 49.68
Ranked 124th.
55.95
Ranked 106th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 50.37
Ranked 14th.
73.27
Ranked 11th. 45% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 436
Ranked 43th. 3% more than Romania
425
Ranked 44th.
High school > Lower secondary starting age 11
Ranked 151st. The same as Romania
11
Ranked 150th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 0.738%
Ranked 133th. 2 times more than Romania
0.341%
Ranked 141st.

Elementary school > Gender ratio 99.55
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Romania
98.73
Ranked 60th.

High school enrolment rate > Female 95.06
Ranked 48th.
97.16
Ranked 38th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 1.8%
Ranked 120th.
2.3%
Ranked 115th. 28% more than Bulgaria

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 95%
Ranked 61st.
96%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Bulgaria

Duration of education > Secondary level 7
Ranked 36th.
8
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Bulgaria
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 14.5
Ranked 66th.
31.3
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Secondary education > Pupils 704,678
Ranked 59th.
2.15 million
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Primary education > Pupils 314,221
Ranked 111th.
1.01 million
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 94.4%
Ranked 21st. 4% more than Romania
90.5%
Ranked 28th.

Literacy rate > Males aged 15-24 97.3
Ranked 54th. About the same as Romania
97.1
Ranked 57th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 89.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 76th.
101.73 per 1,000 people
Ranked 46th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 52.8%
Ranked 66th.
54.3%
Ranked 51st. 3% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, vocational pupils 158,312
Ranked 42nd.
581,355
Ranked 16th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 70.11%
Ranked 53th.
74.83%
Ranked 46th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 17.46
Ranked 74th. 1% more than Romania
17.37
Ranked 75th.

Secondary education > Teachers 57,609
Ranked 52nd.
157,682
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 14 years
Ranked 42nd. The same as Romania
14 years
Ranked 41st.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 707,251
Ranked 69th.
2.22 million
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 1.12
Ranked 5th. 22% more than Romania
0.923
Ranked 9th.
Scientific and technical journal articles per million 105.96
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Romania
45.44
Ranked 53th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 421
Ranked 47th.
424
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 433
Ranked 43th. 2% more than Romania
423
Ranked 46th.
Duration of education > Primary level 4
Ranked 159th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 158th.
Women to men parity index > As ratio of literacy rates > Aged 15-24 1
Ranked 15th. The same as Romania
1
Ranked 6th.

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 6,767
Ranked 76th.
30,187
Ranked 56th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 97.41%
Ranked 82nd.
98.89%
Ranked 68th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Public spending per student > Secondary level 17.1
Ranked 43th. 97% more than Romania
8.7
Ranked 9th.
Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000 11.48
Ranked 116th.
13.81
Ranked 112th. 20% more than Bulgaria

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.24%
Ranked 101st.
48.26%
Ranked 100th. The same as Bulgaria

Progression to secondary school 95.67%
Ranked 51st.
98.18%
Ranked 31st. 3% more than Bulgaria

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Women 98.1%
Ranked 13th. About the same as Romania
97.8%
Ranked 6th.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 1.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.
2.16 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd. 66% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 370,172
Ranked 6th.
1.6 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39 6,619
Ranked 4th.
13,618
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 417
Ranked 50th.
426
Ranked 46th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 95%
Ranked 59th.
96%
Ranked 49th. 1% more than Bulgaria

High school > Upper secondary starting age 15
Ranked 87th. The same as Romania
15
Ranked 86th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 17th. The same as Romania
7
Ranked 16th.

Library books 2.52 million
Ranked 22nd.
19.04 million
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than Bulgaria
Elementary school repeaters > All 1.82
Ranked 75th. 6% more than Romania
1.71
Ranked 77th.

School life expectancy > Male 12.4 years
Ranked 40th. 8% more than Romania
11.5 years
Ranked 55th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 63.75 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.
68.34 per 1,000 people
Ranked 84th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged over 100 per million people 1.22
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Romania
0.321
Ranked 3rd.
Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.042 per capita
Ranked 160th.
0.045 per capita
Ranked 154th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Men 0.9%
Ranked 120th. The same as Romania
0.9%
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 42.32
Ranked 164th.
45.44
Ranked 158th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 95%
Ranked 54th.
96%
Ranked 47th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Men 98.3%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Romania
97.7%
Ranked 7th.

Library books per 1000 307.17
Ranked 26th.
847.05
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 17.7
Ranked 100th.
19.6
Ranked 15th. 11% more than Bulgaria
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 94%
Ranked 2nd. 9% more than Romania
86%
Ranked 10th.
Primary education > Teachers 18,762
Ranked 85th.
57,536
Ranked 54th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Secondary education > Vocational pupils 208,614
Ranked 36th.
672,707
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.09%
Ranked 109th.
49.39%
Ranked 73th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14 5,666
Ranked 3rd.
26,658
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 897.32
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Romania
867.41
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 0.41
Ranked 5th. 54% more than Romania
0.266
Ranked 10th.
Private school enrolment > Primary level 0.3
Ranked 91st. 3 times more than Romania
0.1
Ranked 96th.
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 4
Ranked 165th. The same as Romania
4
Ranked 164th.

Library employees 92
Ranked 34th.
686
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 90.56
Ranked 60th.
99.37
Ranked 36th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 2.41
Ranked 135th.
2.65
Ranked 132nd. 10% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Men above 14 years 98.7%
Ranked 7th. About the same as Romania
98.4%
Ranked 4th.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 0.687 per 1,000 people
Ranked 90th.
1.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd. 59% more than Bulgaria

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.1%
Ranked 99th.
48.3%
Ranked 89th. About the same as Bulgaria
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $19.06 billion
Ranked 37th.
$56.12 billion
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 15th. The same as Romania
7
Ranked 14th.

Scouting > Members 1,095
Ranked 144th.
2,629
Ranked 115th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
High school > Share of total education spending 42.98%
Ranked 21st. 20% more than Romania
35.72%
Ranked 48th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 70.75%
Ranked 67th.
88.07%
Ranked 30th. 24% more than Bulgaria

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 87.6%
Ranked 19th. 10% more than Romania
79.6%
Ranked 28th.
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 417,775
Ranked 67th.
1.28 million
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 63.75
Ranked 95th.
68.34
Ranked 83th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 98.22
Ranked 80th.
98.37
Ranked 75th. About the same as Bulgaria

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 7.4
Ranked 36th. 2% more than Romania
7.27
Ranked 38th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 4,743
Ranked 71st.
23,180
Ranked 47th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.997
Ranked 50th. 1% more than Romania
0.989
Ranked 77th.

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 48.2%
Ranked 87th.
49.3%
Ranked 67th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 295
Ranked 15th.
786
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 0.3
Ranked 27th.
0.0
Ranked 89th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 89.88
Ranked 76th.
101.73
Ranked 46th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24 11,084
Ranked 3rd.
37,889
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people 0.693
Ranked 6th.
2.61
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 0.49
Ranked 5th. 37% more than Romania
0.358
Ranked 10th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 1.01
Ranked 3rd.
1.73
Ranked 6th. 71% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 0.794
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Romania
0.642
Ranked 7th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 69.2
Ranked 4th. 6% more than Romania
65.14
Ranked 7th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 0.714
Ranked 7th. 4% more than Romania
0.689
Ranked 11th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 179,491
Ranked 6th.
779,869
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 1.52
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Romania
1.21
Ranked 7th.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 3,015
Ranked 6th.
5,806
Ranked 9th. 93% more than Bulgaria
Scouting > Members per thousand people 0.15
Ranked 149th. 22% more than Romania
0.123
Ranked 153th.
Primary completion rate > Women 97
Ranked 52nd. 4% more than Romania
93
Ranked 72nd.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 85-89 per thousand people 7.43
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Romania
3.02
Ranked 1st.
School life expectancy > Female 12.9 years
Ranked 42nd. 11% more than Romania
11.6 years
Ranked 51st.
Elementary school repeaters > Female 1.47
Ranked 75th. 7% more than Romania
1.37
Ranked 78th.

Elementary school repeaters > Male 2.14
Ranked 73th. 6% more than Romania
2.02
Ranked 77th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 91.4%
Ranked 39th.
94.5%
Ranked 34th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged over 100 per million people 4.22
Ranked 7th. 28% more than Romania
3.3
Ranked 3rd.
Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 92nd.
1.07 per 1,000 people
Ranked 81st. 75% more than Bulgaria

High school teachers 51,700
Ranked 39th.
151,981
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Elementary school teachers 16,346
Ranked 83th.
54,550
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Homeschooling prevalance fewer than 100 families Unknown
High school enrolment rate > Male 94.58
Ranked 44th.
97.45
Ranked 32nd. 3% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Women above 14 years 97.7%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than Romania
96.3%
Ranked 3rd.

Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds 1%
Ranked 15th. The same as Romania
1%
Ranked 6th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita 11.48 per 1,000 people
Ranked 120th.
13.81 per 1,000 people
Ranked 116th. 20% more than Bulgaria

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000 7.86
Ranked 115th.
10.18
Ranked 111th. 30% more than Bulgaria

Primary completion rate > Men 99
Ranked 38th. 5% more than Romania
94
Ranked 62nd.

Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 685,640
Ranked 58th.
2.09 million
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 90.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th.
99.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 40.38
Ranked 162nd.
46.37
Ranked 158th. 15% more than Bulgaria

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 95.66
Ranked 107th.
101.14
Ranked 65th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females None
None

Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 12.5
Ranked 94th. The same as Romania
12.5
Ranked 93th.
Repitition rate > Secondary level 2.3
Ranked 30th. 53% more than Romania
1.5
Ranked 36th.
Library members 22,153
Ranked 25th.
76,636
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Library members per 1000 2.7
Ranked 28th.
3.41
Ranked 24th. 26% more than Bulgaria
Library employees per million 11.2
Ranked 38th.
30.53
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Progression to secondary level 94
Ranked 17th.
98
Ranked 14th. 4% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 34.06
Ranked 10th.
38.84
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 15.1
Ranked 8th.
23.34
Ranked 11th. 55% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39 538,713
Ranked 4th.
1.17 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 0.544
Ranked 2nd.
0.819
Ranked 6th. 51% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 90-94 700
Ranked 5th.
7,663
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy rate > Adult male > % of males ages 15 and above 98.74%
Ranked 22nd. About the same as Romania
98.4%
Ranked 25th.

Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 75-79 7,149
Ranked 4th.
52,223
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 5,837
Ranked 3rd.
13,990
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 70-74 1,660
Ranked 5th.
9,964
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 35-39 260,558
Ranked 4th.
578,830
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 3,604
Ranked 4th.
7,812
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 85-89 2,365
Ranked 4th.
15,927
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 21.51%
Ranked 22nd. 62% more than Romania
13.25%
Ranked 35th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 3.39 million
Ranked 4th.
9.65 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Primary education, teachers > % female 94.17%
Ranked 10th. 9% more than Romania
86.76%
Ranked 32nd.

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 47.51%
Ranked 23th. 2% more than Romania
46.75%
Ranked 27th.

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 10.77%
Ranked 77th. 4% more than Romania
10.31%
Ranked 85th.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 80-84 per thousand people 25.23
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Romania
10.92
Ranked 1st.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 65.31
Ranked 12th.
76.24
Ranked 4th. 17% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people 26.6
Ranked 4th. 25% more than Romania
21.21
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 31.46
Ranked 11th.
38.22
Ranked 6th. 21% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 0.409
Ranked 7th.
0.45
Ranked 10th. 10% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 0.442
Ranked 8th.
0.5
Ranked 11th. 13% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 0.708
Ranked 3rd.
0.876
Ranked 6th. 24% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 0.592
Ranked 7th.
1.27
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 34.99
Ranked 6th. 6% more than Romania
32.99
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people 31
Ranked 3rd. 23% more than Romania
25.26
Ranked 2nd.
Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 43.5%
Ranked 25th. 38% more than Romania
31.5%
Ranked 48th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 20.2%
Ranked 30th. 30% more than Romania
15.5%
Ranked 40th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 13.6%
Ranked 65th. 21% more than Romania
11.2%
Ranked 70th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 6.9%
Ranked 73th. 64% more than Romania
4.2%
Ranked 79th.

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 103.81% gross
Ranked 70th.
105.62% gross
Ranked 59th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Primary education > Teachers > % female 92.56% female
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Romania
86.9% female
Ranked 23th.

Secondary education > Pupils > % female 47.72% female
Ranked 95th.
49.28% female
Ranked 53th. 3% more than Bulgaria

Literacy rate > Adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 98.2%
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Romania
97.3%
Ranked 22nd.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men 28,300
Ranked 109th.
79,500
Ranked 92nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group 98.24%
Ranked 46th. 5% more than Romania
93.28%
Ranked 74th.

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 95.83%
Ranked 32nd. 6% more than Romania
90.05%
Ranked 66th.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 9.97%
Ranked 64th.
11.78%
Ranked 53th. 18% more than Bulgaria

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 101.03%
Ranked 79th. 2% more than Romania
99.17%
Ranked 87th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 42nd. The same as Romania
14 years
Ranked 41st.
Literacy > Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24 99.58%
Ranked 57th.
100.32%
Ranked 20th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 98.35%
Ranked 23th. 1% more than Romania
97.7%
Ranked 27th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 96.52%
Ranked 94th.
98.28%
Ranked 78th. 2% more than Bulgaria

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 84.77%
Ranked 45th. 8% more than Romania
78.35%
Ranked 52nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 85.34%
Ranked 43th. 10% more than Romania
77.55%
Ranked 51st.

Secondary education, pupils > % female 47.37%
Ranked 105th.
48.34%
Ranked 78th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 23.22%
Ranked 19th. 18% more than Romania
19.61%
Ranked 32nd.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people 55.61
Ranked 1st. 19% more than Romania
46.87
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people 33.85
Ranked 6th.
35.47
Ranked 3rd. 5% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 0.771
Ranked 3rd.
1.22
Ranked 9th. 59% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 37.12
Ranked 6th.
44.15
Ranked 2nd. 19% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 34.63
Ranked 5th. 11% more than Romania
31.18
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 35.61
Ranked 2nd. 10% more than Romania
32.43
Ranked 7th.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 90-94 per million people 18.78
Ranked 6th.
49.76
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 70.6
Ranked 2nd. 49% more than Romania
47.47
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 95-99 per million people 119.35
Ranked 4th. 70% more than Romania
70.4
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 0.682
Ranked 9th.
0.733
Ranked 11th. 7% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 0.248
Ranked 7th.
0.397
Ranked 10th. 60% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 25.95
Ranked 12th.
37.5
Ranked 10th. 45% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 73.31
Ranked 5th. 37% more than Romania
53.45
Ranked 8th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 75-79 per thousand people 39.83
Ranked 1st. 54% more than Romania
25.93
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 90-94 per million people 740.71
Ranked 3rd. 32% more than Romania
559.51
Ranked 1st.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people 0.831
Ranked 6th.
2.32
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy rate > Youth male > % of males ages 15-24 98.31%
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Romania
97.74%
Ranked 44th.

Literacy rate > Adult female > % of females ages 15 and above 97.71%
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Romania
96.27%
Ranked 25th.

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 4.12%
Ranked 87th. 23% more than Romania
3.36%
Ranked 113th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 37.34%
Ranked 40th. 13% more than Romania
33.13%
Ranked 53th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 13 years
Ranked 46th.
14 years
Ranked 37th. 8% more than Bulgaria
Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 130.18%
Ranked 47th.
132.63%
Ranked 42nd. 2% more than Bulgaria

Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 96.64%
Ranked 30th. 2% more than Romania
94.77%
Ranked 44th.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 50-54 511,606
Ranked 5th.
1.4 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 8,257
Ranked 3rd.
20,118
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged over 100 198
Ranked 5th.
229
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 80-84 5,936
Ranked 5th.
26,984
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 15-19 3,418
Ranked 3rd.
19,779
Ranked 6th. 6 times more than Bulgaria
School enrollment, primary > % gross 100.93%
Ranked 89th. 5% more than Romania
96.11%
Ranked 116th.

Repitition rate > Primary level 3.1
Ranked 18th.
3.2
Ranked 69th. 3% more than Bulgaria
School enrollment, primary, female > % net 96.62%
Ranked 26th. 11% more than Romania
87.38%
Ranked 69th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 20.49
Ranked 12th.
34.77
Ranked 11th. 70% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 10-14 per thousand people 0.377
Ranked 2nd.
0.563
Ranked 9th. 49% more than Bulgaria
Persistence to last grade of primary, male > % of cohort 96.81%
Ranked 30th. 2% more than Romania
94.54%
Ranked 42nd.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 97.52%
Ranked 28th. 1% more than Romania
96.6%
Ranked 35th.

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 80-84 115,185
Ranked 3rd.
148,808
Ranked 1st. 29% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 65-69 per thousand people 0.927
Ranked 6th.
3.17
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Literates > Aged 65-69 408,618
Ranked 4th.
1.02 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 85-89 per thousand people 0.401
Ranked 6th.
0.825
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 90.82%
Ranked 71st.
95.09%
Ranked 57th. 5% more than Bulgaria

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 86.13%
Ranked 35th. 9% more than Romania
79.35%
Ranked 52nd.

Repeaters, secondary, female > % of female enrollment 1.15%
Ranked 82nd.
1.26%
Ranked 81st. 9% more than Bulgaria

Secondary education, teachers, female 33,696
Ranked 32nd.
93,939
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Literacy > Male literates > Aged 10-14 159,263
Ranked 6th.
788,180
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 33.59
Ranked 5th. 3% more than Romania
32.71
Ranked 7th.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 436.22
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Romania
424.69
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 95-99 253
Ranked 5th.
1,223
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 95-99 877
Ranked 4th.
1,535
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 33.6
Ranked 2nd. 43% more than Romania
23.51
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 90-94 per thousand people 2.25
Ranked 4th. 59% more than Romania
1.41
Ranked 2nd.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 0.313
Ranked 6th.
0.314
Ranked 9th. About the same as Bulgaria
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 70-74 per thousand people 19.33
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than Romania
17.02
Ranked 2nd.
Secondary education, teachers > % female 79.18%
Ranked 4th. 16% more than Romania
68.48%
Ranked 19th.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 534,811
Ranked 4th.
1.11 million
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 90-94 per million people 114.04
Ranked 6th.
401.23
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of relevant age group 104.29%
Ranked 51st.
125.91%
Ranked 16th. 21% more than Bulgaria

School enrollment > Tertiary > % gross 41.12% gross
Ranked 42nd. 2% more than Romania
40.18% gross
Ranked 45th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 44.3% gross
Ranked 40th.
44.99% gross
Ranked 39th. 2% more than Bulgaria

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 101.15%
Ranked 97th. 4% more than Romania
96.82%
Ranked 121st.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, male > % of relevant age group 100.53%
Ranked 77th. 6% more than Romania
95.01%
Ranked 110th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, total > % of relevant age group 100.66%
Ranked 75th. 6% more than Romania
94.55%
Ranked 111th.

Repeaters, primary, female > % of female enrollment 0.181%
Ranked 106th.
1.37%
Ranked 79th. 8 times more than Bulgaria

Progression to secondary school > % 98.43%
Ranked 30th. 1% more than Romania
97.81%
Ranked 41st.

School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 95.52%
Ranked 51st.
96.84%
Ranked 45th. 1% more than Bulgaria