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Health Stats: compare key data on Bulgaria & Romania

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Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Cost: Cost to you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cost to you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
  • Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff: Skill and competency of medical staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the skill and competency of the local medical staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate: An estimate of the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS. The adult prevalence rate is calculated by dividing the estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at yearend by the total adult population at yearend.
  • Quality of health care system > Short waiting times: Responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the responsiveness (waitings) in medical institutions?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average BMI (combining male and female population), according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Female: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Modern equipment: Equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Does hospitals have equipment for modern diagnosis and treatment?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Expenditure per capita > Current US$: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Health expenditure per capita > Current US$: Health expenditure per capita (current US$). Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate: Percentage of females aged 15-19 who give birth, out of all females the same age in the country.
  • Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports: Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied you with the accuracy and completeness in filling out reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people). Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Incidence includes patients with HIV.
  • Births and maternity > Crude birth rate: Country's crude birth rate. The crude birth rate is the number of live births for every 1,000 people.
  • Births and maternity > Maternal death rate: Number of mothers who died giving birth, out of 100,000 births.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Death rates > Children under 5: Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates."
  • Death rates > Women: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports: Speed in completing examination and reports. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Speed in completing examination and reports?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Death rates > Men: Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages."
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > AIDS deaths: AIDS deaths.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman.
  • Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff: Friendliness and courtesy of the staff. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Friendliness and courtesy of the staff?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day: Depth of hunger or the intensity of food deprivation, indicates how much food-deprived people fall short of minimum food needs in terms of dietary energy. The food deficit, in kilocalories per person per day, is measured by comparing the average amount of dietary energy that undernourished people get from the foods they eat with the minimum amount of dietary energy they need to maintain body weight and undertake light activity. The depth of hunger is low when it is less than 200 kilocalories per person per day, and high when it is higher than 300 kilocalories per person per day."
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
  • Births and maternity > Number of births: Total number of live births. A live birth refers to a birth after which the baby shows signs of life, however, if the baby dies after showing signs of life, it is still considered a live birth.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy > Male: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people). Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses.
  • Quality of health care system > Convenient location: Convenience of location for you. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Argentina, Austria and 69 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Germany and 7 more countries and over 100 contributions for Canada, India, United Kingdom and 1 more country. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from October, 2010 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Convenience of location for you". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
  • Services, etc., value added > Current LCU: Services, etc., value added (current LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current local currency.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Death rates > Infants: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year."
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: The average number of years to be lived by a females in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy > Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people: Legally induced abortions by urban/rural residence of woman. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
  • Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5: Stunted children under the age of 5 years as a percentage of all children under the age of 5. Stunted children are too small for their age (by two standard deviations or more from the median height of the reference population at their age). Stunting is frequently associated with malnutrition.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > AIDS deaths per million people: AIDS deaths. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Twin births per million people: Number of births, in which two children were born. A mother giving birth to twins is counted as one birth. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles: Percentage of children under 1 year old immunized against measles.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes: People living with HIV, 15-49 years old, percentage.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: The average number of years to be lived by amen in this nation born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Suicide rate > Gender ratio: Suicide rates per 100,000 people
  • Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$: Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$). Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Total population
  • Life expectancy > 95 percent range: 95% range.
  • Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cardiovascular diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cardiovascular disease rate, but rather how fatal cardiovascular diseases are in each country.
  • Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people: Nurses and midwives include professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other associated personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses."
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Health spending per capita: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average female BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000: Tuberculosis cases (per 100,000 people)
  • Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population): The number of people that die from injuries out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's injury rate, but rather how fatal injuries are in each country.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Men: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • Infant mortality > Female babies: Infant mortality rate for females under 1 year.
  • Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate: The number of people that die from noncommunicable diseases out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's noncommunicable disease rate, but rather how fatal noncommunicable diseases are in each country.
  • Births and maternity > Twin births: Number of births, in which two children were born. A mother giving birth to twins is counted as one birth.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Survival rate > To age 65 > Women: Survival to age 65 refers to the percentage of a cohort of newborn infants that would survive to age 65, if subject to current age specific mortality rates."
  • Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in international dollars converted using 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP) rates."
  • Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI): Countries compared by average male BMI, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Total population
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million: Total adults smoking. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people: Total number of live births. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Intestinal diseases death rate: Death rate from intestinal infectious diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO code B01 for all age groups by sex. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data for the country in that particular year. The death rates were standardized utilizing the age structure for the population of Canada. See page 22 of the2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Health services > Outpatient visits per capita: Outpatient visits per capita are the number of visits to health care facilities per capita, including repeat visits."
  • Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita: Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$). Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men): Percentage of males aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infant girls: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people): Dentistry personnel density (per 10 000 population).
  • Smoking rate > Women: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking."
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases.
  • Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel: Births attended by skilled health personnel, percentage.
  • Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate: Percentage of live births that are delivered through a cesarean section, more commonly referred to as a c-section.
  • Contraception: % contraceptive prevalence 1995 - 2000. Data refer to married women aged 15-49, but the actual age range covered may vary across countries.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Births and maternity > Triplet births per million people: Number of births, in which three children were born. A mother giving birth to triplets is counted as one birth. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Tobacco > Male smoking rate: Male [%].
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid: Percentage of usual wages the country mandates employers to pay women on maternity leave. For instance, Italy requires employers to pay a woman 80% of her normal wages while off work after giving birth.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infant boys: Infant deaths by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Births and maternity > Rural births of girls per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Single births: Number of births, in which one child was born.
  • Diseases > Measles cases: Number of reported measles cases.
  • Tobacco > Female smoking rate: Female [%].
  • Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence."
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Females
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people: Number of reported tuberbculosis cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women): Percentage of females aged over 15 years who are obese. The World Health Organization defines obesity as a body mass index over 30. The average BMI is 18.5 to 24.9.
  • Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 - Males
  • Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death. "
  • Births and maternity > Future births per million people: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Spending > Public: World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC.
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider: The method/s in which women receive an income during their maternity leave. Some countries put the responsibility solely on the employer, while others either include maternity leaves into their social welfare programs or use a combination of the two. Some countries do not have laws regarding maternity leave such as the United States and Papua New Guinea.
  • Infant mortality > Male babies: Infant mortality rate for males under 1 year.
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Females
  • Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females: Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population).
  • Caesarian birth rate: Percent of births delivered by caesarean section.
  • Respiratory disease child death rate: Child death rate from respiratory diseases
    Units: Deaths/100,000 Population Aged 0-14
    Units: The final number is based on an aggregation of deaths recorded for WHO codes B31 and B320, and B321, by sex and by age. These were then combined with UN Population Division population data broken down by age group to produce rates. See page 22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on the methodology.
  • Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people: Number of reported cases of tetanus in newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases: Number of all reported tetanus cases.
  • Diseases > Mumps cases per million people: Number of reported mumps cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > Pertussis cases: Number of reported pertussis cases. Pertussis is commonly called whooping cough.
  • Probability of dying before 5 > Females: Probability of females dying before reaching the age of 5. (2003)
  • Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars: Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars, 2002
  • Spending > Private: Private expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP 1998.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infant boys per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > %: Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women (%). Prevalence of anemia, pregnant women, is the percentage of pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Public health spending > % of government spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births: Low-birthweight babies are newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams, with the measurement taken within the first hours of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred."
  • Diseases > Rubella cases: Number of reported rubella cases. Rubella is commonly called the German Measles.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Percent of 15-24 year olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of AIDS > Women: Women 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS, percentage.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males: Life expectancy at birth (years) 2003 - Males
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infant boys: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Births and maternity > Triplet births: Number of births, in which three children were born. A mother giving birth to triplets is counted as one birth.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Diseases > Rubella cases per million people: Number of reported rubella cases. Rubella is commonly called the German Measles. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Percent of births registered: Civil registration coverage of births (%).
  • Diseases > Mumps cases: Number of reported mumps cases.
  • Dead organ donors: Amount of people from whose bodies organs are extracted after their death to be used as organ donations per year per million residents.
  • Births and maternity > Single births per thousand people: Number of births, in which one child was born. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infant girls: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months). Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Expenditure > Private > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,: Health - HIV/AIDS - Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001
  • Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health: Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of total expenditure on health). Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.
  • Health expenditure, private > % of GDP: Health expenditure, private (% of GDP). Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations.
  • Health expenditure, public > % of GDP: Health expenditure, public (% of GDP). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling.
  • Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine.
  • Nutrition > Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5: Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under age 5 whose height for age (stunting) is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. For children up to two years old height is measured by recumbent length. For older children height is measured by stature while standing. The data are based on the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people: Incidence of tuberculosis is the estimated number of new pulmonary, smear positive, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases."
  • Public health spending > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds."
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infants: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age.
  • Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health: Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Total
  • Deaths > Rural deaths of infant boys per million people: Infant deaths by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults: Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women who smoke cigarettes. The age range varies among countries but in most is 18 and older or 15 and older.
  • Expenditure > Total > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.
  • External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health, 2002
  • Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita: Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, and standalone solid waste projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$, % of GDP: Investment in water and sanitation with private participation (current US$). Investment in water and sanitation projects with private participation covers infrastructure projects in water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public. Movable assets, incinerators, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects are excluded. The types of projects included are operations and management contracts, operations and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Investment commitments are the sum of investments in facilities and investments in government assets. Investments in facilities are the resources the project company commits to invest during the contract period either in new facilities or in expansion and modernization of existing facilities. Investments in government assets are the resources the project company spends on acquiring government assets such as state-owned enterprises, rights to provide services in a specific area, or the use of specific radio spectrums. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI: Compares the ratio of male to female BMI by countries, according to data gathered by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The BMI (Body Mass Index) measures how appropiate is the weight of an individual compared to their height. The calculation is made measuring your weight in kilograms and dividing it twice by your height measured in metres. A high BMI (25 or more) is usually associated with a risk of suffering diverse health problems.
  • Births and maternity > Rural births of boys per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > Urban births of girls per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Measles cases per million people: Number of reported measles cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cause of death, by injury > % of total: Cause of death, by injury (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Injuries include unintentional and intentional injuries.
  • Births and maternity > Urban births of boys per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Expenditure > Public > % of GDP: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total: Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organizations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organizations. These resources are part of total health expenditure.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > HepB3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - HepB3
  • Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
  • Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health: External resources for health are funds or services in kind that are provided by entities not part of the country in question. The resources may come from international organisations, other countries through bilateral arrangements, or foreign nongovernmental organisations. These resources are part of total health expenditure."
  • Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total: Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions include infectious and parasitic diseases, respiratory infections, and nutritional deficiencies such as underweight and stunting.
  • Private health spending > % of GDP: Private health expenditure includes direct household (out-of-pocket) spending, private insurance, charitable donations, and direct service payments by private corporations."
  • Nutrition > Consumption of iodized salt > % of households: Consumption of iodized salt refers to the percentage of households that use edible salt fortified with iodine.
  • Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5: Prevalence of overweight children is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for height is more than two standard deviations above the median for the international reference population of the corresponding age as established by the WHO's new child growth standards released in 2006.
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - DPT3
  • Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people: Number of all reported tetanus cases. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Public health spending > % of total health spending: Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organisations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths: Completeness of total death reporting is the number of total deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of total deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health: Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health, 2002
  • % immunized 1-year-old children > TB: Health - % immunized 2002 1-year-old children - TB
  • % of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban: Health - % of population using adequate sanitation facilities 2000 - Urban
  • Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths: Completeness of infant death reporting is the number of infant deaths reported by national statistics authorities to the United Nations Statistics Division's Demography Yearbook divided by the number of infant deaths estimated by the United Nations Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Diseases > HIV AIDS > Percent of 15-24 year olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of AIDS > Men: Men 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS, percentage.
  • Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births: Number of births, in which four or five children were born. A mother giving birth to quadruplets or quintuplets is counted as one birth.
  • Births and maternity > Urban births of boys: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Births and maternity > Rural births of boys: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Births and maternity > Urban births of girls: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Births and maternity > Rural births of girls: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Diseases > Pertussis cases per million people: Number of reported pertussis cases. Pertussis is commonly called whooping cough. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79: Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79). Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
  • Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life: Abortion laws by grounds on which abortion is permitted.
  • Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people: Live births by sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy > 95% range: 95% range.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infant girls per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Deaths > Urban deaths of infants per million people: An infant death is the death from any cause of a live-born child under one year of age. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5: Prevalence of anemia among children (% of children under 5). Prevalence of anemia, children under age 5, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose hemoglobin level is less than 110 grams per liter at sea level.
  • Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total: Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases (% of total). Cause of death refers to the share of all deaths for all ages by underlying causes. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases, skin diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, and congenital anomalies.
  • Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV: Female adults with HIV (% of population ages 15+ with HIV). Prevalence of HIV is the percentage of people who are infected with HIV. Female rate is as a percentage of the total population ages 15+ who are living with HIV.
  • Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49: Prevalence of HIV refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV.
  • Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49: Contraceptive prevalence rate is the percentage of women who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. It is usually measured for married women ages 15-49 only.
  • Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunization measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (%, all forms). Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
  • Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure: Health expenditure, public (% of government expenditure). Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health: Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure."
  • Health spending > % of GDP: Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation."
  • Drinking water availability %: Coverage estimates shown are derived from information collected from two main sources: assessment questionnaires and household surveys. Assessment questionnaires were sent to all WHO country representatives, to be completed in liaison with local UNICEF st
STAT Bulgaria Romania HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 172nd.
10.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 157th. 13% more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 27.1
Ranked 55th. The same as Romania
27.1
Ranked 54th.

Births and maternity > Future births 37.39
Ranked 133th.
122.95
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.92%
Ranked 57th. 4% more than Romania
1.85%
Ranked 117th.

Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 6.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 18th.
6.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy > Men 70 years
Ranked 64th.
71 years
Ranked 57th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.59 years
Ranked 110th.
73.98 years
Ranked 106th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 77.8
Ranked 71st.
78.2
Ranked 66th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 70.7
Ranked 91st.
71
Ranked 86th. About the same as Bulgaria

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 74.16
Ranked 86th.
74.51
Ranked 80th. About the same as Bulgaria

Physicians > Per 1,000 people 3.56 per 1,000 people
Ranked 10th. 87% more than Romania
1.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 39th.

Probability of not reaching 60 18.8%
Ranked 15th.
21.6%
Ranked 12th. 15% more than Bulgaria
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 64.2%
Ranked 82nd. 3% more than Romania
62.5%
Ranked 90th.
Quality of health care system > Cost 70.65
Ranked 8th. 53% more than Romania
46.32
Ranked 40th.
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 59.88
Ranked 16th. 24% more than Romania
48.1
Ranked 43th.
Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 129
Ranked 93th.
138
Ranked 73th. 7% more than Bulgaria
Infant mortality rate > Total 16.68 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 103th. 51% more than Romania
11.02 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 139th.

Deaths > Percent deaths registered 90-100 90-100
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.31 births per woman
Ranked 163th.
1.32 births per woman
Ranked 159th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Infant mortality rate 21.31
Ranked 92nd.
27.24
Ranked 74th. 28% more than Bulgaria
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.044 per 1,000 people
Ranked 126th.
0.294 per 1,000 people
Ranked 112th. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 10.5
Ranked 128th.
10.7
Ranked 127th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy > Women 77 years
Ranked 51st.
78 years
Ranked 44th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 61.46
Ranked 12th. 27% more than Romania
48.53
Ranked 40th.
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.1%
Ranked 111th. The same as Romania
0.1%
Ranked 110th.
Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 38.04
Ranked 17th. 38% more than Romania
27.61
Ranked 44th.
Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 6.4
Ranked 12th.
6.5
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 23.77
Ranked 100th. 3% more than Romania
22.98
Ranked 119th.
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 3,800
Ranked 118th.
16,000
Ranked 83th. 4 times more than Bulgaria

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 42.88 births
Ranked 90th. 27% more than Romania
33.75 births
Ranked 102nd.

Probability of reaching 65 > Female 83.5%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Romania
79.9%
Ranked 62nd.
Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 72.22
Ranked 13th. 20% more than Romania
60.34
Ranked 41st.
Deaths > Deaths of infants 536
Ranked 12th.
1,812
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 250.8$
Ranked 68th. 41% more than Romania
177.6$
Ranked 87th.

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $521.53
Ranked 72nd. 4% more than Romania
$499.72
Ranked 75th.

Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 40.6
Ranked 4th.
40.7
Ranked 25th. About the same as Bulgaria

Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 52.27
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Romania
51.89
Ranked 39th.
Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 32
Ranked 120th.
94
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 9.6
Ranked 32nd. 4% more than Romania
9.2
Ranked 34th.

Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 11 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 147th.
27 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 122nd. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Maternal mortality 15 per 100,000
Ranked 106th.
42 per 100,000
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 3.67
Ranked 14th. 91% more than Romania
1.92
Ranked 41st.

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 5,767.51
Ranked 88th.
14,808.72
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Death rates > Children under 5 10
Ranked 134th.
11.9
Ranked 129th. 19% more than Bulgaria

Death rates > Women 90.59
Ranked 110th. 9% more than Romania
83.34
Ranked 109th.

Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 56.25
Ranked 12th. 32% more than Romania
42.65
Ranked 42nd.
Death rates > Men 212.98
Ranked 77th. 9% more than Romania
195.93
Ranked 79th.

Diseases > HIV AIDS > AIDS deaths 500
Ranked 63th. The same as Romania
500
Ranked 62nd.

HIV AIDS > Deaths 100
Ranked 100th.
350
Ranked 85th. 4 times more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total 31,716
Ranked 12th.
103,386
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 42.39
Ranked 19th.
43.84
Ranked 44th. 3% more than Bulgaria
Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 200
Ranked 75th.
260
Ranked 29th. 30% more than Bulgaria

Tobacco > Total adult smokers 36.5%
Ranked 27th.
43.5%
Ranked 8th. 19% more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Number of births 70,846
Ranked 15th.
196,242
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 72.56 years
Ranked 73th. 1% more than Romania
71.71 years
Ranked 82nd.

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.013 per 1,000 people
Ranked 92nd.
0.016 per 1,000 people
Ranked 87th. 23% more than Bulgaria
Life expectancy > Male 69.78
Ranked 85th. About the same as Romania
69.71
Ranked 86th.

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 4.71
Ranked 51st.
5.46
Ranked 40th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Quality of health care system > Convenient location 75
Ranked 11th. 15% more than Romania
65.38
Ranked 41st.
Access to sanitation 92%
Ranked 46th.
96%
Ranked 38th. 4% more than Bulgaria
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 42.13 billion
Ranked 75th.
315.82 billion
Ranked 54th. 7 times more than Bulgaria

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 0.501
Ranked 117th.
0.745
Ranked 109th. 49% more than Bulgaria

Death rates > Infants 8.3
Ranked 134th.
10
Ranked 127th. 20% more than Bulgaria

Life expectancy at birth > Female 77.41 years
Ranked 94th.
77.66 years
Ranked 90th. About the same as Bulgaria

Life expectancy > Female 77.03
Ranked 67th.
77.22
Ranked 66th. About the same as Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 45
Ranked 108th. 3 times more than Romania
18
Ranked 135th.
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 499
Ranked 65th. 6% more than Romania
469
Ranked 67th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > Legal abortions total per thousand people 4.32
Ranked 6th.
4.83
Ranked 5th. 12% more than Bulgaria

Spending > Per person 62
Ranked 82nd.
86
Ranked 72nd. 39% more than Bulgaria
Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5 8.8%
Ranked 14th.
12.8%
Ranked 11th. 45% more than Bulgaria

Diseases > HIV AIDS > AIDS deaths per million people 68.04
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Romania
23.38
Ranked 85th.

Births and maternity > Twin births per million people 292.04
Ranked 18th. 71% more than Romania
170.68
Ranked 33th.

Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 95%
Ranked 80th. 2% more than Romania
93%
Ranked 97th.

Diseases > HIV AIDS > Prevalance > 15-49 year old > Both sexes 0.1%
Ranked 126th. The same as Romania
0.1%
Ranked 125th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 69.99 years
Ranked 117th.
70.5 years
Ranked 113th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Suicide rate > Gender ratio 2.6 per 100,000 people
Ranked 52nd.
3.8 per 100,000 people
Ranked 31st. 46% more than Bulgaria
Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ $152.00 million
Ranked 7th.
0.0
Ranked 15th.

Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 76.3 years
Ranked 67th. 1% more than Romania
75.4 years
Ranked 75th.

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 64.6
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Romania
63.1
Ranked 63th.
Life expectancy > 95 percent range (76.80-77.20) (77.40-77.70)
Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 529
Ranked 18th. 14% more than Romania
463
Ranked 31st.
Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 4.68
Ranked 21st. 12% more than Romania
4.19
Ranked 39th.
Births and maternity > All births of boys 35,662
Ranked 22nd.
103,354
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Health spending per capita 384.29
Ranked 70th. 4% more than Romania
368.96
Ranked 75th.

Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 21.01
Ranked 148th.
21.33
Ranked 138th. 2% more than Bulgaria
Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 69 years
Ranked 82nd. 1% more than Romania
68.2 years
Ranked 89th.

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 20
Ranked 115th.
94
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than Bulgaria
Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 42
Ranked 139th.
54
Ranked 115th. 29% more than Bulgaria
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.0125
Ranked 91st.
0.0158
Ranked 86th. 27% more than Bulgaria
Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 71.46
Ranked 85th. 3% more than Romania
69.67
Ranked 91st.

Drug access 80%
Ranked 66th. The same as Romania
80%
Ranked 65th.
Infant mortality > Female babies 10.8 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 133th.
14.5 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 116th. 34% more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 733
Ranked 72nd. 4% more than Romania
706
Ranked 87th.
Births and maternity > Twin births 2,146
Ranked 17th.
3,650
Ranked 10th. 70% more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Deaths of infants per million people 73.38
Ranked 11th.
84.96
Ranked 9th. 16% more than Bulgaria

Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 86.56
Ranked 56th. 1% more than Romania
85.4
Ranked 65th.

Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $800.29
Ranked 56th. 35% more than Romania
$591.70
Ranked 71st.

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 26.53
Ranked 41st. 8% more than Romania
24.62
Ranked 106th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 72
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Romania
71
Ranked 72nd.
Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million 4.72%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Romania
2.01%
Ranked 71st.
Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 9.64
Ranked 31st. 5% more than Romania
9.18
Ranked 33th.

Intestinal diseases death rate 0.56%
Ranked 117th.
1.08%
Ranked 107th. 93% more than Bulgaria
Health services > Outpatient visits per capita 5.4
Ranked 27th.
5.6
Ranked 13th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita $18.60
Ranked 6th.
0.0
Ranked 15th.

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 38.98 per 100,000 people
Ranked 123th.
134.23 per 100,000 people
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (men) 23.1%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Romania
9.5%
Ranked 6th.
Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.776
Ranked 64th. 1% more than Romania
0.77
Ranked 67th.
Deaths > Deaths of infant boys 349
Ranked 19th.
1,067
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Rural deaths of infant girls 79
Ranked 12th.
444
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Rural deaths of infants per million people 25.72
Ranked 12th.
49.24
Ranked 6th. 91% more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Deaths of infant boys per million people 47.49
Ranked 18th.
49.9
Ranked 16th. 5% more than Bulgaria

Teen birth rate 59
Ranked 2nd. 44% more than Romania
41
Ranked 6th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 91
Ranked 130th.
92
Ranked 127th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) 9 2
Smoking rate > Women 38
Ranked 4th. 58% more than Romania
24
Ranked 31st.
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ 152 million$
Ranked 8th.
1.02 billion$
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Bulgaria
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 1,080
Ranked 97th.
9,425
Ranked 36th. 9 times more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 99.5%
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Romania
98.5%
Ranked 22nd.

Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate 31%
Ranked 12th. 63% more than Romania
19%
Ranked 51st.

Contraception 86%
Ranked 1st. 34% more than Romania
64%
Ranked 19th.
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases 0.0
Ranked 96th.
0.0
Ranked 95th.
Infant mortality rate > Female 13.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 114th. 39% more than Romania
9.52 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

Births and maternity > Triplet births per million people 9.39
Ranked 13th. 96% more than Romania
4.79
Ranked 37th.
Tobacco > Male smoking rate 47.5
Ranked 22nd. 17% more than Romania
40.6
Ranked 43th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid 90%
Ranked 116th. 6% more than Romania
85%
Ranked 123th.
Deaths > Deaths of infant girls 252
Ranked 20th.
783
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Rural deaths of infant boys 110
Ranked 11th.
609
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Urban deaths of infants 412
Ranked 13th.
797
Ranked 9th. 93% more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Rural births of girls per thousand people 1.15
Ranked 26th.
2.04
Ranked 12th. 77% more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Single births 68,631
Ranked 21st.
192,505
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Measles cases 1
Ranked 107th.
353
Ranked 36th. 353 times more than Bulgaria
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Tobacco > Female smoking rate 27.8
Ranked 20th. 13% more than Romania
24.5
Ranked 34th.
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 13
Ranked 129th.
27
Ranked 111th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 66.8
Ranked 49th. 2% more than Romania
65.2
Ranked 58th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 91
Ranked 130th.
92
Ranked 127th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 141
Ranked 99th.
437.42
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Bulgaria
Diseases > Obesity > Obesity rate (women) 23.1%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Romania
9.5%
Ranked 6th.
Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 62.5
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than Romania
61
Ranked 65th.
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 5,800
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Romania
2,700
Ranked 45th.
Births and maternity > Future births per million people 9.44
Ranked 181st.
10.43
Ranked 168th. 10% more than Bulgaria

Spending > Public 3.9% (1999) 3.8% (1999)
Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 91%
Ranked 24th. 20% more than Romania
76%
Ranked 99th.

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider State public insurance (the General Sickness and Maternity Fund) State Health Insurance Fund
Infant mortality > Male babies 14.3 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 132nd.
18.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 118th. 32% more than Bulgaria

Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per capita 18,858.56$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th.
45,537.58$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 12,064.08$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th.
27,582.38$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Legal Legal
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 76
Ranked 53th. 1% more than Romania
75
Ranked 61st.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 91
Ranked 130th.
92
Ranked 127th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Caesarian birth rate 17%
Ranked 7th. 55% more than Romania
11%
Ranked 10th.
Respiratory disease child death rate 19.52 48.44
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people 0.0
Ranked 95th.
0.0
Ranked 94th.
Diseases > Total tetanus cases 0.0
Ranked 132nd.
12
Ranked 57th.
Diseases > Mumps cases per million people 691.8
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Romania
245.56
Ranked 12th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Legal Legal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Legal Legal
Diseases > Pertussis cases 269
Ranked 35th. 8 times more than Romania
35
Ranked 72nd.
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 17 per 1,000 people
Ranked 122nd.
21 per 1,000 people
Ranked 112th. 24% more than Bulgaria
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 267
Ranked 71st.
309
Ranked 59th. 16% more than Bulgaria
Spending > Private 0.2%
Ranked 141st.
1.5%
Ranked 99th. 8 times more than Bulgaria
Deaths > Urban deaths of infant boys per million people 32.52
Ranked 11th. 52% more than Romania
21.42
Ranked 16th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 29.7%
Ranked 71st.
30.03%
Ranked 68th. 1% more than Bulgaria
Public health spending > % of government spending 10.74%
Ranked 91st. 4% more than Romania
10.31%
Ranked 104th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 19.93 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 102nd. 60% more than Romania
12.44 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 135th.

Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 8.9%
Ranked 21st. 11% more than Romania
8%
Ranked 19th.

Diseases > Rubella cases 88
Ranked 38th.
2,958
Ranked 11th. 34 times more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Percent of 15-24 year olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of AIDS > Women 17.2%
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Romania
3.3%
Ranked 8th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 69
Ranked 60th. 1% more than Romania
68
Ranked 75th.
Deaths > Urban deaths of infant boys 239
Ranked 13th.
458
Ranked 9th. 92% more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Triplet births 69
Ranked 14th.
103
Ranked 13th. 49% more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > All births of girls 33,459
Ranked 22nd.
97,750
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Rubella cases per million people 11.49
Ranked 25th.
137.28
Ranked 8th. 12 times more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Percent of births registered >90 >90
Diseases > Mumps cases 5,299
Ranked 10th. About the same as Romania
5,291
Ranked 11th.
Dead organ donors 2.7
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Romania
1
Ranked 28th.
Births and maternity > Single births per thousand people 9.34
Ranked 28th. 4% more than Romania
9
Ranked 30th.

Deaths > Urban deaths of infant girls 173
Ranked 13th.
339
Ranked 9th. 96% more than Bulgaria

Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 10%
Ranked 71st. Twice as much as Romania
5%
Ranked 113th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. 14% more than Romania
88%
Ranked 96th.

Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 95%
Ranked 84th. 7% more than Romania
89%
Ranked 132nd.

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 94%
Ranked 80th. The same as Romania
94%
Ranked 79th.

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 3.39%
Ranked 39th. 96% more than Romania
1.73%
Ranked 124th.

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.1
Ranked 107th. The same as Romania
0.1
Ranked 106th.
Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 43.25%
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than Romania
19.41%
Ranked 127th.

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 3.25%
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than Romania
1.15%
Ranked 165th.

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 4.02%
Ranked 78th.
4.69%
Ranked 64th. 17% more than Bulgaria

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 100%
Ranked 18th. 10% more than Romania
91%
Ranked 126th.
Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 97%
Ranked 45th. 6 times more than Romania
16%
Ranked 173th.
Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 57th.
97%
Ranked 46th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Nutrition > Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 8.8%
Ranked 14th.
12.8%
Ranked 11th. 45% more than Bulgaria

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 9th. 85% more than Romania
54%
Ranked 101st.

Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 42.61
Ranked 106th.
130
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than Bulgaria

Public health spending > % of GDP 4.2%
Ranked 65th. 11% more than Romania
3.77%
Ranked 72nd.

Deaths > Rural deaths of infants 189
Ranked 12th.
1,053
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Bulgaria

Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 46.6%
Ranked 83th. 37% more than Romania
34.1%
Ranked 108th.
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 100
Ranked 6th. 89% more than Romania
53
Ranked 109th.
Deaths > Rural deaths of infant boys per million people 14.97
Ranked 12th.
28.48
Ranked 6th. 90% more than Bulgaria

Deaths > Deaths of infant girls per million people 34.29
Ranked 17th.
36.61
Ranked 16th. 7% more than Bulgaria

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 23%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Romania
10.1%
Ranked 23th.

Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 8%
Ranked 38th. 57% more than Romania
5.1%
Ranked 121st.

External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 1.4%
Ranked 96th. 75% more than Romania
0.8%
Ranked 107th.
Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$ per capita 18.6$
Ranked 10th.
45.54$
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Bulgaria
Sanitation > Investment in water and sanitation with private participation > Current US$, % of GDP 1.18%
Ranked 4th.
0.0
Ranked 15th.

Diseases > Overweight > Ratio of male to female BMI 1.26
Ranked 3rd. 9% more than Romania
1.15
Ranked 22nd.
Births and maternity > Rural births of boys per thousand people 1.22
Ranked 26th.
2.15
Ranked 12th. 76% more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Urban births of girls per thousand people 3.52
Ranked 22nd. 46% more than Romania
2.41
Ranked 32nd.

Diseases > Measles cases per million people 0.131
Ranked 109th.
16.38
Ranked 40th. 125 times more than Bulgaria
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 3.51%
Ranked 187th.
5.24%
Ranked 149th. 49% more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Urban births of boys per thousand people 3.75
Ranked 22nd. 46% more than Romania
2.57
Ranked 32nd.

Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 4.61%
Ranked 56th. 37% more than Romania
3.37%
Ranked 91st.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 99.2%
Ranked 25th. About the same as Romania
98.9%
Ranked 11th.

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 79.62%
Ranked 91st.
81.64%
Ranked 78th. 3% more than Bulgaria

External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 1%
Ranked 106th.
25%
Ranked 26th. 25 times more than Bulgaria

% immunized 1-year-old children > HepB3 93
Ranked 47th.
99
Ranked 7th. 6% more than Bulgaria
Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 79.8%
Ranked 75th.
82.61%
Ranked 67th. 4% more than Bulgaria

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 100%
Ranked 11th. 39% more than Romania
72%
Ranked 99th.

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.0
Ranked 144th.
0.0
Ranked 143th.

Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 2.74%
Ranked 181st.
3.59%
Ranked 176th. 31% more than Bulgaria
Private health spending > % of GDP 3.15%
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than Romania
0.92%
Ranked 159th.

Nutrition > Consumption of iodized salt > % of households 100%
Ranked 1st. 35% more than Romania
74%
Ranked 10th.

Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 13.6%
Ranked 2nd. 64% more than Romania
8.3%
Ranked 8th.

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 94
Ranked 74th.
99
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Bulgaria
Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people 0.0
Ranked 131st.
0.557
Ranked 77th.
Public health spending > % of total health spending 57.17%
Ranked 105th.
80.35%
Ranked 26th. 41% more than Bulgaria

Mortality > Completeness of total death reporting > % of reported total deaths to estimated total deaths 100%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than Romania
95.93%
Ranked 31st.
Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 0.9%
Ranked 87th.
5.5%
Ranked 58th. 6 times more than Bulgaria
% immunized 1-year-old children > TB 98
Ranked 43th.
99
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Bulgaria
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 100
Ranked 8th. 16% more than Romania
86
Ranked 93th.
Mortality > Completeness of infant death reporting > % of reported infant deaths to estimated infant deaths 78.87%
Ranked 24th.
79.23%
Ranked 21st. About the same as Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Legal Legal
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Percent of 15-24 year olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of AIDS > Men 15.3%
Ranked 16th. 12 times more than Romania
1.3%
Ranked 7th.
Births and maternity > Quadruplet and quintuplet births 0.0
Ranked 25th.
87
Ranked 2nd.

Births and maternity > Urban births of boys 27,538
Ranked 19th.
55,028
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Rural births of boys 8,995
Ranked 21st.
45,957
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Urban births of girls 25,858
Ranked 19th.
51,639
Ranked 10th. Twice as much as Bulgaria

Births and maternity > Rural births of girls 8,455
Ranked 21st.
43,618
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Bulgaria

Diseases > Pertussis cases per million people 35.12
Ranked 29th. 22 times more than Romania
1.62
Ranked 85th.
Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people 4.58
Ranked 37th.
4.58
Ranked 36th. The same as Bulgaria

Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 6.66%
Ranked 113th.
7.7%
Ranked 87th. 16% more than Bulgaria
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people 4.88
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Romania
4.85
Ranked 36th.

Life expectancy > 95% range (76.80-77.20) (77.40-77.70)
Deaths > Urban deaths of infant girls per million people 23.54
Ranked 12th. 49% more than Romania
15.85
Ranked 16th.

Deaths > Urban deaths of infants per million people 56.07
Ranked 11th. 50% more than Romania
37.27
Ranked 16th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 26.68%
Ranked 68th.
39.8%
Ranked 41st. 49% more than Bulgaria
Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 93.75%
Ranked 6th. 3% more than Romania
91.17%
Ranked 13th.
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 20.7%
Ranked 135th.
30.3%
Ranked 98th. 46% more than Bulgaria

Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.1%
Ranked 128th. The same as Romania
0.1%
Ranked 127th.
Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 42%
Ranked 13th.
70.3%
Ranked 4th. 67% more than Bulgaria

Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 53th.
97%
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Bulgaria

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 90%
Ranked 18th. 14% more than Romania
79%
Ranked 99th.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 11.28%
Ranked 98th.
11.91%
Ranked 89th. 6% more than Bulgaria

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 94%
Ranked 83th.
97%
Ranked 52nd. 3% more than Bulgaria

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 53th.
97%
Ranked 42nd. 1% more than Bulgaria

Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 86.43%
Ranked 81st.
98.82%
Ranked 23th. 14% more than Bulgaria

Health spending > % of GDP 7.35%
Ranked 60th. 57% more than Romania
4.69%
Ranked 127th.

Drinking water availability % 100%
Ranked 8th. 72% more than Romania
58%
Ranked 120th.

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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