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Government > Legislative branch > Elections: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Afghanistan last held on 18 September 2010 (next election expected in 2015)
Albania last held on 23 June 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Algeria Council of the Nation - last held on 29 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2017); National People's Assembly - last held on 10 May 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
American Samoa House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)
Andorra last held on 3 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2015)
Angola last held on 31 August 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Anguilla last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Antigua and Barbuda House of Representatives - last held on 12 March 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Argentina Senate - last held on 23 October 2011 (next to be held on 27 October 2013); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 23 October 2011 (next to be held on 27 October 2013)
Armenia last held on 6 May 2012 (next to be held in the spring of 2017)
Aruba last held on 27 September 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Australia Senate - last held on 7 September 2013; House of Representatives - last held on 7 September 2013 (the latest a simultaneous half-Senate and House of Representative elections can be held is 30 November 2016)
Austria National Council - last held on 29 September 2013 (next to be held by September 2018)
Azerbaijan last held on 7 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2015)
Bahrain Council of Representatives - last held in two rounds on 23 and 30 October 2010 (next election to be held in 2014); byelections to fill 18 vacated seats held in two rounds on 24 September and 1 October 2011
Bangladesh last held on 29 December 2008 (next to be held on 5 January 2014)
Barbados House of Assembly - last held on 21 February 2013 (next to be called in 2018)
Belarus Palata Predstaviteley - last held on 23 September 2012 (next to be held September 2016); OSCE observers determined that the election was neither free nor impartial and that vote counting was problematic in a number of polling stations; pro-LUKASHENKO candidates won every seat with no opposition representation in the chamber; international observers determined that the previous election, on 28 September 2008, despite minor improvements also fell short of democratic standards, with pro-LUKASHENKO candidates winning every seat
Belgium Senate and Chamber of Deputies - last held on 13 June 2010 (next to be held no later than June 2014)
Belize House of Representatives - last held on 8 March 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Benin last held on 30 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Bermuda last general election held on 17 December 2012 (next to be held not later than 2017)
Bhutan National Council elections last held on 23 April 2013 (next to be held in 2017); National Assembly elections (first round) last held on 31 May 2013; second round held on 13 July 2013
Bolivia Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies - last held on 6 December 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Peoples - last constituted in 9 June 2011 (next likely to be constituted in 2015); state-level House of Representatives - elections last held on 3 October 2010 (next to be held in October 2014)
Botswana National Assembly elections last held on 16 October 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Brazil Federal Senate - last held on 3 October 2010 for two-thirds of the Senate (next to be held in October 2014 for one-third of the Senate); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 3 October 2010 (next to be held in October 2014)
British Virgin Islands last held on 7 November 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Brunei last held in March 1962 (date of next election NA)
Bulgaria last held on 12 May 2013 (next to be held spring 2017)
Burkina Faso National Assembly election last held on 2 December 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Burma last held on 7 November 2010 (next to be held in December 2015)
Burundi last held on 23 July 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Cambodia Senate - last held on 4 February 2012 (next to be held in February 2018); National Assembly - last held on 28 July 2013 (next to be held in July 2018)
Cameroon Senate last held on 14 April 2013 (next to be held NA); National Assembly last held on 30 September 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Canada House of Commons - last held on 2 May 2011 (next to be held no later than 19 October 2015)
Cape Verde last held on 6 February 2011 (next to be held by 2016)
Cayman Islands last held on 22 May 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Central African Republic last held on 23 January 2011 and 27 March 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Chad National Assembly - last held on 13 February 2011 (next to be held by 2015)
Chile Senate - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
China last held in December 2007-February 2008 (next to be held in late 2012 to early 2013)
Christmas Island held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held In 2011 (next to be held in 2013)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held in October 2011 (next to be held in October 2013)
Colombia Senate - last held on 14 March 2010 (next to be held in March 2014); Chamber of Representatives - last held on 14 March 2010 (next to be held in March 2014)
Comoros last held on 6 and 20 December 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Congo, Republic of the Senate - last held on 5 August 2008 (next to be held in July 2014); National Assembly - last held on 15 July and 5 August 2012 (next to be held in 2018)
Cook Islands last held on 17 November 2010 (next to be held by 2014)
Costa Rica last held on 7 February 2010 (next to be held in February 2014)
Cote d'Ivoire elections last held on 11 December 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Croatia last held on 4 December 2011 (next to be held in late 2015)
Cuba last held on 3 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Cyprus area under government control: last held on 22 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: last held on 28 July 2013(next to be held on July 2018)
Czech Republic Senate - last held in two rounds on 12-13 and 19-20 October 2012 (next to be held in October 2014); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 25-26 October 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Senate - last held on 19 January 2007 (next scheduled for 5 June 2013; though likely to be delayed); National Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Denmark last held on 15 September 2011 (next to be held by September 2015)
Djibouti last held on 22 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Dominica last held on 18 December 2009 (next to be held in 2015)(12 May 2005) plus a 90-day grace period
Dominican Republic Senate - last held on 16 May 2010 (next to be held in May 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 16 May 2010 (next to be held in May 2016); in order to synchronize presidential, legislative, and local elections for 2016, those members elected in 2010 will actually serve six-year terms
East Timor elections were held on 7 July 2012 (next to be held in July 2017)
Ecuador last held on 17 February 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Egypt People's Assembly and Advisory Council elections last held between November and January 2012; elections for new House of Representatives announced for April or May 2013, but probably will be delayed pending decision by the Administrative Court; election for the Shura Council to be held within one year
El Salvador last held on 11 March 2012 (next to be held in 2015)
Equatorial Guinea last held on 26 May 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Eritrea in May 1997, following the adoption of the new constitution, 75 members of the PFDJ Central Committee (the old Central Committee of the EPLF), 60 members of the 527-member Constituent Assembly, which had been established in 1997 to discuss and ratify the new constitution, and 15 representatives of Eritreans living abroad were formed into a Transitional National Assembly to serve as the country's legislative body until countrywide elections to a National Assembly were held; although only 75 of 150 members of the Transitional National Assembly were elected, the constitution stipulates that once past the transition stage, all members of the National Assembly will be elected by secret ballot of all eligible voters; National Assembly elections scheduled for December 2001 were postponed indefinitely due to the war with Ethiopia
Estonia last held on 6 March 2011 (next to be held in March 2015)
Ethiopia last held on 23 May 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
European Union last held on 4-7 June 2009 (next to be held in June 2014)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) last held on 5 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
Faroe Islands last held on 29 October 2011 (next to be held no later than October 2015)
Federated States of Micronesia last held on 5 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2015)
Fiji House of Representatives - last held on 6-13 May 2006 (long delayed, the next elections reportedly will be held in 2014)
Finland last held on 17 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2015)
France Senate - last held on 25 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2014); National Assembly - last held on 10 and 17 June 2012 (next to be held in June 2017)
French Guiana General Council - last held in March 2000 (next to be held March 2006); Regional Council - last held 21 and 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2010)
French Polynesia last held on 21 April 2013 (first round) and 5 May 2013 (second round) (next to be held in 2018)
Gabon Senate - last held on 18 January 2009 (next to be held in January 2015); National Assembly - last held on 17 December 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)
Georgia last held on 1 October 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Germany Bundestag - last held on 22 September 2013 (next to be held no later than autumn 2017); most all postwar German governments have been coalitions
Ghana last held on 7 and 8 December 2012 (next to be held in December 2016)
Gibraltar last held on 8 December 2011 (next to be held not later than 8 December 2015)
Greece last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by 2016)(New Democracy, Coalition of the Radical Left, and the Panhellenic Socialist Movement) were able to form a government
Greenland last held on 13 March 2013 (next to be held by 2017)
Grenada last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Guadeloupe General Council - last held March 2004 (next to be held by in 2010); Regional Council - last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held in March 2008 to elect half of the body)
Guam last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)
Guatemala last held on 11 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2015)
Guernsey last held on 18 April 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Guinea last held on 28 September 2013 (next election scheduled for 2018)
Guinea-Bissau last held on 16 November 2008 (legislative elections scheduled for 24 November 2013 have been rescheduled for 16 March 2014)
Guyana last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2016)
Haiti Senate - last held on 28 November 2010 with run-off elections on 20 March 2011 (next regular election, for one third of seats, scheduled for 2012 but delayed); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 28 November 2010 with run-off elections on 20 March 2011 (next regular election to be held in 2014)
Honduras last held on 29 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
Hong Kong last held on 9 September 2012 (next to be held in September 2016)
Hungary last held on 11 and 25 April 2010 (next to be held in spring 2014)
Iceland last held on 27 April 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
India People's Assembly - last held in five phases on 16, 22-23, 30 April and 7, 13 May 2009 (next must be held by May 2014)
Indonesia last held on 9 April 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Iran last held on 2 March 2012 (first round); second round held on 4 May 2012; (next election to be held in 2016)
Iraq last held on 7 March 2010 for an enlarged 325-seat parliament (next to be held in 2014)
Ireland Senate - last held in 27 April 2011 (next to be held 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 25 February 2011 (next to be held probably in 2016)
Isle of Man House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)
Israel last held on 22 January 2013 (next to be held in 2017)
Italy Senate - last held on 24-25 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 24-25 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Jamaica last held on 29 December 2011 (next to be held no later than December 2016)
Japan House of Councillors - last held on 21 July 2013 (next to be held in July 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 16 December 2012 (next to be held by 15 December 2016)
Jersey last held on 27 April 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
Jordan Chamber of Deputies - last held on 23 January 2013 (next election NA)
Kazakhstan Senate - (indirect) last held in August 2011 (next to be held in 2014); Mazhilis - last held on 15 January 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Kenya last held on 4 March 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Kiribati legislative elections were held in two rounds - the first round on 21 October 2011 and the second round on 28 October 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Kosovo last held on 12 December 2010 with runoff elections in a few municipalities in January 2011 (next expected to be held in 2015)
Kuwait last held 27 July 2013 (next to be held in July 2017)
Kyrgyzstan last held on 10 October 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Laos last held on 30 April 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Latvia last held on 17 September 2011 (next to be held in October 2014)
Lebanon last held on 7 June 2009 (next to be held in 2013)
Lesotho last held on 26 May 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Liberia Senate - last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in 2014); House of Representatives - last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in 2017)
Libya first General National Congress election held on 7 July 2012 (next to be held NA)
Liechtenstein last held on 3 February 2013 (next to be held in February 2017)
Lithuania last held on 14 and 28 October 2012 (next to be held in October 2016)
Luxembourg last held on 20 October 2013 (next to be held by June 2018)
Macau last held on 20 September 2009 (next to be held in September 2013)
Madagascar National Assembly - last held on 23 September 2007 (next to be held 20 December 2013)
Malawi last held on 19 May 2009 (next to be held in May 2014)
Malaysia House of Representatives - last held on 5 May 2013 (next to be held by May 2018)
Maldives last held on 9 May 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Mali last held on 1 and 22 July 2007 (July 2012 election delayed following the military coup and now scheduled for 24 November 2013)
Malta last held on 9 March 2013 (next to be held by March 2018)
Marshall Islands last held on 21 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2015)
Martinique General Council - last held March 2000 (next to be held in 2006); Regional Council - last held on 28 March 2004 (next to be held by March 2010)
Mauritania Senate - last held in November 2009; National Assembly - last held on 19 November and 3 December 2006 (election scheduled for 16 October 2011 postponed, rescheduled for 31 March 2012 and then postponed indefinitely)
Mauritius last held on 5 May 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Mayotte last held on 9 and 16 March 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
Mexico Senate - last held on 1 July 2012 for all of the seats (next to be held on 1 July 2018); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held on 5 July 2015)
Moldova last held on 28 November 2010 (next to be held in 2014)(elected 5 April 2009 and 29 July 2009) were dissolved after they could not agree on a presidential candidate
Monaco last held on 10 February 2013 (next to be held in February 2018)
Mongolia last held on 28 June 2012 (next to be held in June 2016)
Montenegro last held on 14 October 2012 (next to be held by 2016)
Montserrat last held on 8 September 2009 (next to be held by 2014)
Morocco Chamber of Counselors - last held on 3 October 2009 (next to be held in mid-2013); Chamber of Representatives - last held on 25 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Mozambique last held on 28 October 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
Namibia National Council - elections for regional councils to determine members of the National Council held on 26-27 November 2010 (next to be held in 2016); National Assembly - last held on 26-27 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2014)
Nauru last held on 8 June 2013 (next to be held in 2016)
Nepal last held on 10 April 2008
Netherlands First Chamber - last held on May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); Second Chamber - last held on 12 September 2012 (next to be held by September 2016)
Netherlands Antilles last held 27 January 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
New Caledonia last held on 9 May 2009 (next to be held on 10 May 2014)
New Zealand last held on 26 November 2011 (next to be held not later than November 2014)
Nicaragua last held on 6 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2016)
Niger last held on 31 January 2011
Nigeria Senate - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015); House of Representatives - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Niue last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
Norfolk Island last held on 13 March 2013 (next to be held in 2016)
North Korea last held on 8 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2014)
Northern Mariana Islands Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)
Norway last held on 9 September 2013 (next to be held in September 2017)
Oman (Majlis al-Shura) last held on 15 October 2011 (next to be held in October 2015)
Pakistan Senate - last held on 2 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2015); National Assembly - last held on 11 May 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Palau Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016); House of Delegates - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)
Panama last held on 3 May 2009 (next to be held in May 2014)
Papua New Guinea last held from 23 June 2012 to 27 July 2012 (next to be held in June 2017)
Paraguay Chamber of Senators - last held on 21 April 2013 (next to be held in April 2018); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 21 April 2013 (next to be held in April 2018)
Peru last held on 10 April 2011 (next to be held in April 2016)
Philippines Senate - elections last held on 13 May 2013 (next to be held in May 2016); House of Representatives - elections last held on 13 May 2013 (next to be held in May 2016)
Pitcairn Islands last held on 13 November 2013 (next to be held not later than December 2015)
Poland Senate - last held on 9 October 2011 (next to be held by October 2015); Sejm - last held on 9 October 2011 (next to be held by October 2015)
Portugal last held on 5 June 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Puerto Rico Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)
Republic of Macedonia last held on 5 June 2011 (next to be held by June 2015)
Reunion General Council - last held 15 and 22 March 1998 (next to be held NA); Regional Council - last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2010)
Romania Senate - last held on 9 December 2012 (next by December 2016); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 9 December 2012 (next by December 2016)
Russia State Duma - last held on 4 December 2011 (next to be held in December 2015)
Rwanda Senate - NA; Chamber of Deputies - last held on 15 September 2008 (next to be held on 16-18 September 2013)
Saint Barthelemy last held on 18 March 2012 (next to be held in July 2017)
Saint Helena last held on 4 November 2009 (next to be held in 2013)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha last held on 4 November 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
Saint Kitts and Nevis last held on 25 January 2010 (next to be held by 2015)
Saint Lucia House of Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Saint Martin last held on 18 and 25 March 2012 (next to be held in July 2017)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon elections last held on 18 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2018)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines last held on 13 December 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Samoa election last held on 4 March 2011 (next election to be held not later than March 2016)
San Marino last held on 11 November 2012 (next to be held by November 2017)
Sao Tome and Principe last held on 1 August 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
Senegal National Assembly - last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Serbia last held on 6 May 2012 (next to be held by May 2016)
Serbia and Montenegro last held on 11 May 2008 (next to be held in May 2012)
Seychelles last held on 29 September - 1 October 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Sierra Leone last held on 17 November 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Singapore last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016)
Slovakia last held on 10 March 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Slovenia National Assembly - last held on 4 December 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
Solomon Islands last held on 4 August 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
South Africa National Assembly and National Council of Provinces - last held on 22 April 2009 (next to be held in April 2014)
South Korea last held on 11 April 2012 (next to be held in April 2016)
South Sudan National Legislative Assembly - last held 11-15 April 2010 (next to be held in 2015); Council of States - established and members appointed 1 August 2011
Spain Senate - last held on 20 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2015); Congress of Deputies - last held on 20 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2015)
Sri Lanka last held on 8 April 2010 with a repoll in two electorates held on 20 April 2010 (next to be held by April 2016)
Sudan last held on 11-15 April 2010 (next to be held in 2016)
Suriname last held on 25 May 2010 (next to be held in May 2015)
Swaziland House of Assembly - last held on 19 September 2008 (next to be held on 20 September 2013)
Sweden last held on 19 September 2010 (next to be held in September 2014)
Switzerland Council of States - last held in most cantons on 23 October 2011 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council - last held on 23 October 2011 (next to be held in October 2015)
Syria last held on 7 May 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Taiwan Legislative Yuan - last held on 14 January 2012 (next to be held in January 2016)
Tajikistan National Assembly - last held on 28 February 2010 (next to be held in February 2015); Assembly of Representatives - last held on 28 February 2010 (next to be held in February 2015)
Tanzania last held on 31 October 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Thailand Senate - last held on 2 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2014); House of Representatives - last election held on 3 July 2011 (next to be held by July 2015)
The Bahamas last held on 7 May 2012 (next to be held by May 2017)
The Gambia last held on 29 March 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
Togo last held on 25 July 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
Tokelau last held on 19-21 January 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
Tonga last held on 25 November 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
Trinidad and Tobago House of Representatives - last held on 24 May 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Tunisia initial election of 217 Constituent Assembly members held on 23 October 2011 (next to be held on 23 June 2013)
Turkey last held on 12 June 2011 (next to be held by June 2015)
Turkmenistan last held on 14 December 2008 (next to be held in December 2013)
Turks and Caicos Islands last held on 9 November 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Tuvalu last held on 16 September 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
Uganda last held on 18 February 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Ukraine last held on 28 October 2012 (next to be held fall 2017)
United Arab Emirates last held on 24 September 2011 (next to be held in 2015)
United Kingdom House of Lords - no elections (note - in 1999, as provided by the House of Lords Act, elections were held in the House of Lords to determine the 92 hereditary peers who would remain there; elections are held only as vacancies in the hereditary peerage arise); House of Commons - last held on 6 May 2010 (next to be held by June 2015)
United States Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held on 4 November 2014); House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held on 4 November 2014)
Uruguay Chamber of Senators - last held on 25 October 2009 (next to be held in October 2014); Chamber of Representatives - last held on 25 October 2009 (next to be held in October 2014)
Uzbekistan last held on 27 December 2009 and 10 January 2010 (next to be held in December 2014)
Vanuatu last held on 30 October 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
Venezuela last held on 26 September 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
Vietnam last held on 22 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016)
Virgin Islands last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)
Wallis and Futuna last held on 22 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2017)
Yemen last held on 27 April 2003 (scheduled April 2009 election postponed)
Zambia last held on 20 September 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
Zimbabwe last held on 31 July 2013 (next to be held in 2018)

Citation

"Countries Compared by Government > Legislative branch > Elections. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Legislative-branch/Elections

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